SUBJECT: chutzpah', fight, payoff, path,  consequences/end, result(s), verdict,  upshot/event, compatible, consonant
NAME: Young-Won Kim
DATE: 2010.04.05 - 14:18
108.        forwardness               (chutzpah, hutzpa, hutzpah, chutzpa)

*          forwardness >> chutzpah [su  c=  (=p  has)'] /GC/S/Ch/abT >> hutzpa [(=w  huc)'  w=  pa] /GC/P/Ch/abT >> hutzpah [hu  c=  (=p  has)'] /GC/P/abT >> chutzpa [(=k  wuc)'  w=  pa] /GC/P/Ch/abR

A)          chutzpah ,  
–noun Slang.
1. unmitigated effrontery or impudence;      gall.
2. audacity;      nerve.

chutzpah                      (ner/S/Ch + ve/P/Ch)                        nerve

109.         aggressiveness                    (fight)

*           aggressiveness >> fight /GC/S/Ch/abT

A)        fight ,  
v. fought (fôt), fight•ing, fights
a. To attempt to harm or gain power over an adversary by blows or with weapons.
b. Sports    To engage in boxing or wrestling.
2. To engage in a quarrel;     argue:     They are always fighting about money.
3. To strive vigorously and resolutely:     fought against graft;     fighting for her rights.

*        When articulating       "aggressiveness [ŋΛ  g=  (=r  hes)'  hiv  h=n  his  w=] /GC/S/Ch/abT",    "exchange blows",   "do wrestling",    "take issue"    or   "bear arms"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "fight" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
a. To contend with physically or in battle.
b. To wage or carry on (a battle).
c. To contend for, by or as if by combat: "I now resolved that Calais should be fought to the death" (Winston S. Churchill).
a. Sports      To box or wrestle against in a ring.
b. To participate in (a boxing match, for example).

fight                      (con/S/Ch + end/P/Ch)                         contend
fight                      (eng/S/Ch + "age-in"/P/Ch)                    "engage-in"
fight                      (bottle/S/Ch + up/P/Ch)                       "bottle up"
fight                      (bo/S/Ch + x/P/Ch)                             box
fight                    (part/S/Ch + "icipate-in"/P/Ch)                  "participate-in"

3. To set (a boxer, for example) in combat with another.     See Synonyms at oppose.
4. To contend with or struggle against:     fight cancer;    fight temptation.
5. To try to prevent the development or success of.
6. To make (one's way) by struggle or striving:      fought my way to the top.

fight                   ("take a stand"/S/Ch + against/P/Ch)             "take a stand against"
fight                      (take/S/Ch + on/P/Ch)                         "take on"
fight                      (hold/S/Ch + in/P/Ch)                          "hold in"
fight                      (str/S/Ch + uggle/P/Ch)                        struggle

1. A confrontation between opposing groups in which each attempts to harm or gain power over the other, as with bodily force or weapons.
2. A quarrel or conflict.
a. A physical conflict between two or more individuals.
b. Sports         A boxing or wrestling match.
4. A struggle to achieve an objective.      See Synonyms at conflict.
5. The power or inclination to fight;    pugnacity:     I just didn't have any fight left in me.

fight                      (confr/S/Ch + ontation/P/Ch)                    confrontation
fight                      (confl/S/Ch + ict/P/Ch)                           conflict
fight                      (se/S/Ch + "t-to"/P/Ch)                          "set-to"
fight                      (ma/S/Ch + tch/P/Ch)                            match
fight                      (str/S/Ch + uggle/P/Ch)                         struggle
fight                      (pugn/S/Ch + acity/P/Ch)                        pugnacity

Phrasal Verb:
fight off
To defend against or drive back (a hostile force, for example).

"fight off"                  (rep/S/Ch + ulse/P/Ch)                         repulse

fight fire with fire
To combat one evil or one set of negative circumstances by reacting in kind.

"fight fire with fire"                  (im/S/Ch + itate/P/Ch)                      imitate

fight shy of
To avoid meeting or confronting.

"fight shy of"                        (av/S/Ch + oid/P/Ch)                        avoid

110.            firmness                  ("strength of will")

*          firmness >> "strength of will" /GC/S/Ch/abT

111.           aftermath                   (payoff)

*            aftermath >> payoff /GC/S/Ch/abT

A)          payoff ,    
1. the payment of a salary, debt, wager, etc.
2. the time at which such payment is made.
3. the consequence, outcome, or final sequence in a series of events, actions, or circumstances:   The payoff was when they fired him.  
4. Informal.    the climax of something, esp. a story or joke.
5. a settlement or reckoning, as in retribution or reward.
6. Informal.     a bribe.

payoff                          (paym/P/Ch + ent/S/Ch)                            payment
payoff                          (ta/P/Ch + y=m/S/Ch)                            time [ta  y=m]
payoff                          (cl/P/Ch + imax/S/Ch)                               climax
payoff                          (reckon/P/Ch + ing/S/Ch)                           reckoning
payoff                          (br/P/Ch + ibe/S/Ch)                             bribe

7. yielding results, esp. rewarding or decisive results:    The payoff play was the long pass into the end zone.

payoff                          (reward/P/Ch + ing/S/Ch)                        rewarding

112.             wake             (path)

Re:      Article of    "each-and-every, either/one-of, he-or-she, neither/none/they, 'all (of)', used-up, hopefully, (a)wake(n)"       <<Column 18.  wake, waken and awake, awaken;  "wake up">>

If articulating [Λ=a]   from /P/mES/verb,       “wake"/+-,  "stir"/+bp,  “rouse”/+cp,    and  "get-out-of-the-bed"/Ch/+-,  “get-up”/Ch/+bp,  “rouse-from-sleep"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

*             wake >> path /GC/S/Ch/abT

A)         path ,  
–noun, plural paths /pæðz, pɑðz, pæθs, pɑθs/
1. a way beaten, formed, or trodden by the feet of persons or animals.
2. a narrow walk or way:    a path through a garden;    a bicycle path.  
3. a route, course, or track along which something moves:    the path of a hurricane.  
4. a course of action, conduct, or procedure:     the path of righteousness.  
5. Mathematics.     a continuous curve that connects two or more points.
6. Computers.     the sequence of steps that a computer follows in carrying out a routine, as in storing and retrieving a file at a specific location.

path                       (wa/S/Ch + y/P/Ch)                               way
path                       (wal/S/Ch + k/P/Ch)                              walk
path                       (tr/S/Ch + ack/P/Ch)                              track
path                       (pr/S/Ch + ocedure/P/Ch)                         procedure
path                       (cur/S/Ch + ve/P/Ch)                              curve
path                       (seq/S/Ch + uence/P/Ch)                          sequence

7. cross one's path,     to encounter or meet unexpectedly:    Tragedy crossed our path again.

"cross one's path"                    (enc/S/Ch + ounter/P/Ch)                 encounter

113.            consequences                  (end)

*             consequences >> end /GC/S/Ch/abT ,  
1. the effect, result, or outcome of something occurring earlier:     The accident was the consequence of reckless driving.  
2. an act or instance of following something as an effect, result, or outcome.
3. the conclusion reached by a line of reasoning;       inference.
4. importance or significance:      a matter of no consequence.  
5. importance in rank or position;     distinction:      a man of great consequence in art.  

*  "a consequence"                   (consequence/S + s/P)                   consequences

*  consequence                      (a/P + consequence/S)                  "a consequence"

consequences                   (follow/P/Ch + ing/S/Ch)                      following
consequences                   (inf/P/Ch + erence/S/Ch)                      inference
consequences                   (sign/P/Ch + ificance/S/Ch)                   significance
consequences                   (dist/P/Ch + inction/S/Ch)                       distinction

6. in consequence,       consequently;     as a result;     hence:    He withdrew from the world, and in consequence was forgotten.  

"in consequences"                   (conseq/P/Ch + uently/S/Ch)                    consequently

7. in consequence of,     as a result of;      on account of:    A trial was held in consequence of the investigation.

"in consequences of"                      (ba/P/Ch + y=/S/Ch)                    by [ba  y=]

A)         end

Re/Corrections:     Article of   "oscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-)"      <<Column 78.  end/verb??/adjective??>> ,    
1. the last part or extremity, lengthwise, of anything that is longer than it is wide or broad:    the end of a street;       the end of a rope.  
2. a point, line, or limitation that indicates the full extent, degree, etc., of something;   limit;   bounds:   kindness without end;   to walk from end to end of a city.  
3. a part or place at or adjacent to an extremity:     at the end of the table;    the west end of town.  
4. the furthermost imaginable place or point:    an island at the very end of the world.  
5. termination; conclusion:       The journey was coming to an end.  
6. the concluding part:      The end of her speech had to be cut short because of time.  

end                        (extr/S/Ch + emity/P/Ch)                      extremity
end                        (full/S/Ch + extent/P/Ch)                      "full extent"
end                        (bord/S/Ch + er/P/Ch)                          border
end                        (lim/S/Ch + it/P/Ch)                             limit
end                        (term/S/Ch + ination/P/Ch)                    termination
end                        (end/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch)                         ending

7. an intention or aim:     to gain one's ends.  
8. the object for which a thing exists;    purpose:    The happiness of the people is the end of government.  
9. an outcome or result:      What is to be the end of all this bickering?  
10. termination of existence;      death:     He met a horrible end.  
11. a cause of death, destruction, or ruin:    Another war would be the end of civilization.  
12. a remnant or fragment:       mill end;     ends and trimmings.  

end                        (int/S/Ch + ention/P/Ch)                       intention
end                        (purp/S/Ch + ose/P/Ch)                        purpose
end                        (res/S/Ch + ult/P/Ch)                           result
end                        (dea/S/Ch + th/P/Ch)                           death
end                        (r=/S/Ch + y=n/P/Ch)                       ruin [r=  y=n]
end                        (remn/S/Ch + ant/P/Ch)                       remnant

13. a share or part in something:        He does his end of the job very well.  
14. Textiles.   a warp thread running vertically and interlaced with the filling yarn in the woven fabric.
15. Football.
a. either of the linemen stationed farthest from the center.
b. the position played by this lineman.
16. Archery.     the number of arrows to be shot by a competitor during one turn in a match.
17. Cricket.    a wicket, esp.   the one where the batsman is taking a turn.

end                        (sha/S/Ch + re/P/Ch)                           share
end                        (warp/S/Ch + thread/P/Ch)                   "warp thread"
end                        (line/S/Ch + man/P/Ch)                         lineman
end                        (pos/S/Ch + ition/P/Ch)                        position
end                        (arr/S/Ch + ows/P/Ch)                          arrows
end                        (wick/S/Ch + et/P/Ch)                           wicket

18. a unit of a game, as in curling or lawn bowling.
19. Kantianism.        any rational being, regarded as worthy to exist for its own sake.
20. either half of a domino.
21. Knots.    the part of a rope, beyond a knot or the like, that is not used.
22. the end,     Slang.    the ultimate;     the utmost of good or bad:   His stupidity is the end.  

end                        (un/S/Ch + it/P/Ch)                              unit
end                        (rational/S/Ch + being/P/Ch)                  "rational being"
end                        (hal/S/Ch + f/P/Ch)                              half
end                        (knot/S/Ch + s/P/Ch)                            knots
"the end"                  (utm/S/Ch + ost/P/Ch)                          utmost

–verb (used with object)
23. to bring to an end or conclusion:      We ended the discussion on a note of optimism.  
24. to put an end to;     terminate:       This was the battle that ended the war.  
25. to form the end of:     This passage ends the novel.  
26. to cause the demise of;    kill:    A bullet through the heart ended him.  
27. to constitute the most outstanding or greatest possible example or instance of (usually used in the infinitive):     You just committed the blunder to end all blunders.  

end                        (cea/S/Ch + se/P/Ch)                           cease
end                        (term/S/Ch + inate/P/Ch)                      terminate
end                        (wind/S/Ch + up/P/Ch)                        "wind up"
end                        (destr/S/Ch + oy/P/Ch)                        destroy
end                        (diss/S/Ch + olve/P/Ch)                        dissolve

–verb (used without object)
28. to come to an end;     terminate;     cease:    The road ends at Rome.  
29. to issue or result:      Extravagance ends in want.  
30. to reach or arrive at a final condition, circumstance, or goal (often fol. by up):    to end up in the army;     to end as a happy person.  

*        When articulating       "consequences",    "come to a finish",    "arrive"    or    "reach a condition"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "end" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating       "arrive at a condition"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "end up" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

31. final or ultimate:      the end result.  

end                        (ult/S/Ch + imate/P/Ch)                         ultimate

32. at loose ends,      without an occupation or plans;     unsettled;    uncertain:     He spent two years wandering about the country at loose ends.

"at loose ends"                    (unc/S/Ch + ertain/P/Ch)                      uncertain

33. at one's wit's end,      at the end of one's ideas or mental resources;    perplexed:    I'm at my wit's end with this problem.    Also, at one's wits' end.

"at one's wit's end"                 (perpl/S/Ch + exed/P/Ch)                    perplexed

34. end for end,     in reverse position;    inverted:    The cartons were turned end for end.  

"end for end"                    (inv/S/Ch + erted/P/Ch)                       inverted

35. end on,     with the end next to or facing:     He backed the truck until it was end on with the loading platform.  

"end on"                        (fac/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch)                          facing

36. end to end,    in a row with ends touching:    The pipes were placed end to end on the ground.  

"end to end"                    (ser/S/Ch + ially/P/Ch)                         serially

37. go off the deep end,    Informal.    to act in a reckless or agitated manner;   lose emotional control:    She went off the deep end when she lost her job.  

"go off the deep end"                 (fl/S/Ch + "are-up"/P/Ch)                  "flare-up"

38. in the end,       finally;      after all:      In the end they shook hands and made up.  

"in the end"                      (fin/S/Ch + ally/P/Ch)                       finally

39. keep or hold one's end up,     to perform one's part or share adequately:   The work is demanding, but he's holding his end up.  

"keep one's end up"                   ("fulfil the"/S/Ch + part/P/Ch)                "fulfil the part"
"hold one's end up"                   ("fulfil the"/S + part/P)                        "fulfil the part"

40. make an end of,     to conclude;    stop:    Let's make an end of this foolishness and get down to work.  

"make an end of"                      (st/S/Ch + op/P/Ch)                        stop

41. make ends meet,     to live within one's means:    Despite her meager income, she tried to make ends meet.      Also, make both ends meet.

"make ends meet"                     (pr/S/Ch + ofit/P/Ch)                       profit
"make both ends meet"                     (pr/S + ofit/P)                         profit

42. no end,     Informal.    very much or many:    They were pleased no end by the warm reception.  

"no end"                             (mu/S/Ch + ch/P/Ch)                         much

43. on end,
a. having the end down;    upright:    to stand a box on end.  
b. continuously;     successively:     They talked for hours on end.  

"on end"                             (upr/S/Ch + ight/P/Ch)                         upright
"on end"                            (cont/S/Ch + inuously/P/Ch)                    continuously

44. put an end to,     to cause to stop;     terminate;     finish:    The advent of sound in motion pictures put an end to many a silent star's career.

"put an end to"                      (term/S/Ch + inate/P/Ch)                     terminate

114.          results/result

*            results >> result /GC/S/Ch/abT

Re/Corrections:      Article of   "oscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-)"       <<Column 79.  result(s)>> ,  
–verb (used without object)
1. to spring, arise, or proceed as a consequence of actions, circumstances, premises, etc.;      be the outcome.
2. to terminate or end in a specified manner or thing.

*        When articulating       "results",    "be the outcome"    or    "have an end"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "result" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

3. something that happens as a consequence;         outcome.
4. Mathematics.         a quantity, expression, etc., obtained by calculation.
5. Often,     results.       a desirable or beneficial consequence, outcome, or effect:   We had definite results within weeks.  

result                       (outc/S/Ch + ome/P/Ch)                            outcome
result                       (calc/S/Ch + ulation/P/Ch)                          calculation

result                       (eff/S/Ch + ect/P/Ch)                               effect
results                      (eff/S + ect/P)                                       effect

6. get results,          to obtain a notable or successful result or response;      be effective.

"get results)                (be/S/Ch + effective/P/Ch)                        "be effective"

115.          end-result                      (verdict)

*              "end result" >> verdict /GC/S/Ch/abT

A)           verdict ,    
1. Law.     the finding or answer of a jury given to the court concerning a matter submitted to their judgment.
2. a judgment;       decision:       the verdict of the critics.

verdict                       (find/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch)                              finding
verdict                       (judgm/S/Ch + ent/P/Ch)                           judgment

116.             upshot               (event)

*              upshot >> event /GC/S/Ch/abT ,  
1. the final issue, the conclusion, or the result:     The upshot of the disagreement was a new bylaw.  
2. the gist, as of an argument or thesis.

upshot                       (gi/S/Ch + st/P/Ch)                               gist

A)        event

event [ŋi  (=v  hen)'  t=] /GC/P/Ch/abT >> eventless /GC/P/abT/+bp

event [ŋi  (=v  hen)'  t=] /GC/P/Ch/abT >> [ŋΛ  (=v  wen)'  t=] /GC/P/abT/+cp >> events [ŋΛ  (=v  wen)'  s=] /GC/P/Ch/abR/+bp ,    
a. Something that takes place;      an occurrence.
b. A significant occurrence or happening.     See Synonyms at occurrence.
c. A social gathering or activity.
2. The final result;       the outcome.
3. Sports     A contest or an item in a sports program.
4. Physics     A phenomenon or occurrence located at a single point in space-time, regarded as the fundamental observational entity in relativity theory.

event                       (occ/P/Ch + urrence/S/Ch)                              occurrence
event                       (happen/P/Ch + ing/S/Ch)                               happening
event                       (act/P/Ch + ivity/S/Ch)                                   activity
event                       (outc/P/Ch + ome/S/Ch)                                 outcome
event                       (cont/P/Ch + est/S/Ch)                                   contest
event                       (phen/P/Ch + omenon/S/Ch)                           phenomenon

>>     at all events,     in any event;                      In any case

"at all events"                    (cont/P + est/S)                                    anyway
"in any event"                    (cont/P/Ch + est/S/Ch)                            anyway

>>     in the event,          If it should happen;           in case.

"in the event"                    (in/P/Ch + case/S/Ch)                            "in case"

117.           compatible/noun??                 ("en rapport")

*            compatible >> "en rapport" /GC/S/Ch/abT ,  
7. something,   as a machine or piece of electronic equipment,   that is designed to perform the same tasks as another, often in the same way and using virtually identical parts, programmed instructions, etc.:     Software written for one computer will probably run on its close compatibles.

compatible                       (comput/C2 + er/P)                            computer

118.         consonant/noun??                   ("in agreement")

*            consonant >> "in agreement" /GC/S/Ch/abT ,    
1. Phonetics.      a. (in English articulation) a speech sound produced by occluding with or without releasing (p, b; t, d; k, g), diverting (m, n, ng), or obstructing (f, v; s, z, etc.) the flow of air from the lungs (opposed to vowel ).
b. (in a syllable) any sound other than the sound of greatest sonority in the syllable, as b, r, and g in brig (opposed to sonant ).      Compare vowel (def. 1b).  
c. (in linguistic function)     a concept empirically determined as a phonological element in structural contrast with vowel, as the b of be, the w of we, the y, s, and t of yeast, etc.
2. a letter that usually represents a consonant sound.

consonant                      (occl/P/Ch + usion/S/Ch)                       occlusion
consonant                      (sur/P/Ch + d/S/Ch)                            surd
consonant                    (consonant/P/Ch + sound/S/Ch)                 "consonant sound"