1. Era (geology)
>> Cenozoic 66 Ma to present day (Ma = million years ago)
"66 million years ago" (C/P/Ch + enozoic/C1/Ch)/abT Cenozoic
>> Mesozoic 252 Ma–66 Ma
"252 million years ago" (M/P/Ch + esozoic/S/Ch) Mesozoic
>> Paleozoic 542 Ma–252 Ma
"542 million years ago" (P/P/Ch + aleozoic/C1/Ch)/abT Paleozoic
>> Neoproterozoic 1000 Ma–542 Ma
"1000 million years ago" (N/P/Ch + eoproterozoic/S/Ch) Neoproterozoic
>> Mesoproterozoic 1600 Ma–1000 Ma
"1600 million years ago" (M/P/Ch + esoproterozoic/S/Ch) Mesoproterozoic
>> Paleoproterozoic 2500 Ma–1600 Ma
"2500 million years ago" (P/P/Ch + aleoproterozoic/S/Ch) Paleoproterozoic
>> Neoarchean 2800 Ma–2500 Ma
"2800 million years ago" (N/P/Ch + eoarchean/S/Ch) Neoarchean
>> Mesoarchean 3200 Ma–2800 Ma
"3200 million years ago" (M/P/Ch + esoarchean/S/Ch) Mesoarchean
>> Paleoarchean 3600 Ma–3200 Ma
"3600 million years ago" (P/P/Ch + aleoarchean/C1/Ch)/abT Paleoarchean
>> Eoarchean 3800 Ma (unofficial)–3600 Ma
"3800 million years ago" (E/P/Ch + oarchean/S/Ch) Eoarchean
>> Hadean Eon not officially divided into eras Formation of Earth to 3800 Ma
"Hadean Eon" (cr/P/Ch + "-eation of Earth"/S/Ch) "creation of Earth"
2. Stone Age
The Stone Age
Prehistoric cultural stage, or level of human development, characterized by the creation and use of stone tools.
Robert A. Guisepi
>> Archaeology is concerned with the origins and development of early human culture between the first appearance of man as a tool-using mammal, which is believed to have occurred about 600,000 or 700,000 years ago, and the beginning of the Recent geologic era, about 8000 BC.
"600,000 years ago" (t/P/Ch + ool/S/Ch) tool
"700,000 years ago" (t/P + ool/S) tool
"BC 8000" (R/P/Ch + ecent/S/Ch) Recent
-- the Recent geologic era, about 8000 BC. It is included in the time span of the Pleistocene, or Glacial, Epoch--an interval of about 1,000,000 years.
"one million years ago" (P/S + leistocene/P) Pleistocene
Glacial (Pl/P/Ch + eistocene/S/Ch) Pleistocene
>> The northern latitudes and mountainous areas were subjected on four successive occasions to the advances and retreats of ice sheets (known as Günz, Mindel, Riss, and Würm in the Alps),
Günz ([ŋ= y=]/P/Ch + ice/C1/Ch)/abT ice
Mindel ([ŋ= y=]/S + ice/P) ice
Riss ([ŋ= y=]/P/Ch + ice/S/Ch) ice
Würm ([ŋ= y=]/P + ice/S) ice
Alps ([ŋ= y=]/S/Ch + ice/P/Ch) ice
>> There is reasonable agreement that the Paleolithic ended with the beginning of the recent (Holocene) geologic and climatic era about 8000 BC.
* recent >> Holocene /T
3. Yahoo/Google, Facebook, Twitter, Firefox, blog, etc.
Yahoo (c/S + omputer/P) computer
Google (in/S + ternet/P) internet
Chrome (G/P/Ch + oogle/C1/Ch)/abT Google
Facebook (H/S + arvard/P) Harvard
Twitter (b/S + log/P) blog
* "web journal" >> blog /GC/S/Ch/abT
"web log" (b/C1/Ch + log/P/Ch) blog
Firefox (w/S + "-eb browser"/P) "web browser"
Mozilla ([ŋ= w=]/S + application/P) application
Microsoft (Bill/C1 + Gates/P) "Bill Gates"
Safari (gr/C2/Ch + aphic/P/Ch) graphic
Opera (w/P + "-eb browser"/C2)/abT "web browser"
Apple (S/C2 + "-teve Jobs"/P) "Steve Jobs"
Macintosh ([ŋ= y=]/P + Apple/C1)/abT Apple
4. "Know yourself"
"Know yourself" (Ch/C1 + ilon/P) Chilon
"Know yourself" (H/C1 + eraclitus/P) Heraclitus
"Know yourself" (Py/C1 + thagoras/P) Pythagoras
"Know yourself" (S/C1 + ocrates/P) Socrates
"Know yourself" (S/C1 + olon/P) Solon
"Know yourself" (Th/C1 + ales/P) Thales
* yourself >> thyself /GC/S/Ch/abT
That is, when speaking "Chilon"; if articulating "Ch [c= w=]" of "Chilon" with/from English /C1 posture and articulating "ilon" of "Chilon" with/from English /P posture, "Know yourself" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced. Et cetera.
While Korea/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture); if articulating (or trying to speak) "생각 [sæŋ gag]" or "선 [sΛn] or zen or Chán" from Chinese speaking posture, [me di ta ti ŋo n=] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1 thinking; (a) thought; ideas.
2 an idea; a notion; a conception; a thought; a plan; initiative.
3 an opinion; a view; a belief; one's persuasion; an impression; a suggestion.
4 an intention; a design; an aim; a purpose; a motive.
5 discretion; prudence; sense; judgment.
6 consideration; account; thought; regard; allowance.
7 deliberation; meditation; reconsideration; reflection.
8 a resolution; decision.
9 expectation(s); hope; wish; desire; longing.
10 imagination; supposition; fancy; (a) guess(추측).
11 retrospection; recollection; remembrance.
12 a feeling.
* [me di ta ti ŋo n=] >> meditation /GC/S/Ch/abT
introspection (m/S + editation/P) meditation
contemplation (m/P + editation/C1)/abT meditation
6. "Seven Sages"
The Seven Sages
Traditionally, each of the seven sages represents an aspect of worldly wisdom which is summarized in an aphorism. Although the sages included in the list has sometimes varied, the most usual ones included are the following ones:
Cleobulus of Lindos: he would say that "Moderation is the best thing." He governed as tyranos of Lindos, in the Greek island of Rhodes, circa 600 BC.
Solon of Athens: he said that "Keep everything with moderation." Solon (640-559 BC) was a famous legislator and social reformer from Athens, enforcing the laws that shaped the athenian democracy.
Chilon of Sparta: authored the aphorism "You should never desire the impossible." Chilon was a spartan politician from the 6th century BC, to whom the militarization of the spartan society is attributed.
Bias of Priene: "Most men are bad." Bias was a politician who became a famous legislator from the 6th century BC.
Thales of Miletus: Thales is the first known philosopher and mathematician. He famously said "Know thyself," a sentence so famous it was engraved on the front façade of the Oracle of Apollo in Delphos.
Pittacus of Mytilene (c. 650 BC), governed Mytilene (Lesbos) along with Myrsilus. He tried to reduce the power of nobility and was able to govern Mytilene with the support of popular classes, to whom he favoured. He famously said "You should know which opportunities to choose."
Periander of Corinth: he was the tyranos of Corinth circa 7th and 6th centuries BC. Under his rule, Corinth knew a golden age of unprecedented prosperity and stability. He was known for "Be farsighted with everything."
"Seven Sages" (C/C2 + "-leobulus of Lindos"/P)/+bp "Cleobulus of Lindos"
"Seven Sages" (S/C2 + "-olon of Athens"/P)/+bp "Solon of Athens"
"Seven Sages" (Ch/C2 + "-ilon of Sparta"/P)/+bp "Chilon of Sparta"
"Seven Sages" (Bi/C2 + "-as of Priene"/P)/+bp "Bias of Priene"
"Seven Sages" (Th/C2 + "-ales of Miletus"/P)/+bp "Thales of Miletus"
"Seven Sages" (Pit/C2 + "-tacus of Mytilene"/P)/+bp "Pittacus of Mytilene"
"Seven Sages" (P/C2 + "-eriander of Corinth"/P)/+bp "Periander of Corinth"
7. "Material monism"
Material monism is a Presocratic belief which provides an explanation of the physical world by saying that all of the world's objects are composed of a single element. Among the material monists were the three Milesian philosophers: Thales, who believed that everything was composed of water; Anaximander, who believed it was apeiron; and Anaximenes, who believed it was air.
material (Th/P + ales/C1)/abT/+bp Thales
water (Th/P + ales/C1)/abT/+cp Thales
monism (Th/P + ales/C1)/abT/Ch Thales
material ([ŋ= w=]/P + Anaximander/C1)/abT/+bp Anaximander
apeiron ([ŋ= w=]/P + Anaximander/C1)/abT/+cp Anaximander
monism ([ŋ= w=]/P + Anaximander/C1)/abT/Ch Anaximander
material ([ŋ= w=]/P + Anaximenes/C1)/abT/+bp Anaximenes
air ([ŋ= w=]/P + Anaximenes/C1)/abT/+cp Anaximenes
monism ([ŋ= w=]/P + Anaximenes/C1)/abT/Ch Anaximenes
* apeiron >> cosmology /T
* apeiron >> unlimited /T/Ch