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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | brd2 | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, main :::


596 12 View counter   Join Member Login Admin
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   Boccaccio/Petrarch/Helvétius/Cesare/Malthus,  Say/Gresham,  Machiavelli/Telesio/Boyle/Bacon/Kepler/Brahe
Giovanni Boccaccio
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Giovanni+Boccaccio ,    

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch


*                   Boccaccio  >>  "Giovanni Boccaccio" /T


Born                                   1313                                             Certaldo
Died                    21 December 1375(1375-12-21) (aged 62)                     Certaldo

"1313"                                  (B/T + occaccio/S)                                Boccaccio
Certaldo                                 (B/T + occaccio/S)/Ch                            Boccaccio

"1375"                            (B/T + occaccio/GC/S/abT)/+bp                        Boccaccio
December                         (B/T + occaccio/GC/S/abT)/+cp                        Boccaccio
"21st"                          (B/T + occaccio/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                       Boccaccio
Certaldo                        (B/T + occaccio/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                      Boccaccio


Children
Boccaccio never married, but had three children. Mario and Giulio were born in the 1330s.   In the 1340s, Violente was born in Ravenna, where Boccaccio was a guest of Ostasio I da Polenta from about 1345 through 1346.

Mario                    (B/P + "-occaccio's child"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                    "Boccaccio's child"
"1330"                    (B/P + "-occaccio's child"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                    "Boccaccio's child"

Giulio                    (B/P + "-occaccio's child"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                    "Boccaccio's child"
"1330"                    (B/P + "-occaccio's child"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                    "Boccaccio's child"

Violente                     (B/T + "-occaccio's child"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                    "Boccaccio's child"
"1340s"                     (B/T + "-occaccio's child"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                    "Boccaccio's child"
Ravenna                     (B/T + "-occaccio's child"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                    "Boccaccio's child"
"guest of Ostasio I da Polenta from about 1345 through 1346"                     (B/T + "-occaccio's child"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                    "Boccaccio's child"


>>    Works

•    Caccia di Diana (1334–1337)
•    Filostrato (1335 or 1340)
•    Filocolo (1336–1339)
•    Teseida delle nozze di Emilia (before 1341)

"Caccia di Diana"                    (B/T + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                    "Boccaccio's work"
Filostrato                    (B/T + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                    "Boccaccio's work"
Filocolo                    (B/T + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"Teseida delle nozze di Emilia"                    (B/T + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                    "Boccaccio's work"

*        "Caccia di Diana"  >>   ("1334" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1337" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
*        Filostrato  >>   ("1335" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("or 1340" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
*        Filocolo  >>   ("1336" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1339" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
*        "Teseida delle nozze di Emilia"  >>   ("before 1341" /GC/S/abT)/T

•    Comedia delle ninfe fiorentine (Ninfale d'Ameto, 1341–1342)
•    De Canaria (within 1341 - 1345)
•    Amorosa visione (1342)
•    Elegia di Madonna Fiammetta (1343–1344)

"Comedia delle ninfe fiorentine"                    (B/T + "-occaccio's work"/C2)/+bp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"De Canaria"                    (B/T + "-occaccio's work"/C1)/+cp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"Amorosa visione"                    (B/T + "-occaccio's work"/C2)/Ch/+bp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"Elegia di Madonna Fiammetta"                    (B/T + "-occaccio's work"/C2)/Ch/+cp                    "Boccaccio's work"

* "Comedia delle ninfe fiorentine"  >>   ("Ninfale d'Ameto" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1341" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch  >>   ("1342" /GC/S/abT)/S
*        "De Canaria"  >>   ("within 1341" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1345" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
*        "Amorosa visione"  >>   ("before 1342" /GC/S/abT)/T
*        "Elegia di Madonna Fiammetta"  >>   ("1343" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1344" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch

•    Ninfale fiesolano (within 1344-46, this date is disputed)
•    Zibaldone Magliabechiano (within 1351-1356)
•    Trattatello in laude di Dante (1357, title revised to De origine vita studiis et moribus viri clarissimi Dantis Aligerii florentini poetae illustris et de operibus compositis ab eodem)
•    Genealogia deorum gentilium libri (1360, revised up to 1374)

"Ninfale fiesolano"                    (B/P + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"Zibaldone Magliabechiano"                    (B/P + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"Trattatello in laude di Dante"                    (B/P + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"Genealogia deorum gentilium libri"                    (B/P + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                    "Boccaccio's work"

*             "Ninfale fiesolano"  >>   ("within 1344" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1346" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
*        "Zibaldone Magliabechiano"  >>   ("within 1351" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1356" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
* "Trattatello in laude di Dante"  >>   ("1357" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("title revised to De origine vita studiis et moribus viri clarissimi Dantis Aligerii florentini poetae illustris et de operibus compositis ab eodem" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
*        "Genealogia deorum gentilium libri"  >>   ("1360" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("revised up to 1374" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch

•    Decameron (1349–52, revised 1370-1371)
•    De Casibus Virorum Illustrium (c.1360). Facsimile of 1620 Paris ed., 1962, Scholars' Facsimiles & Reprints, ISBN 9780820110059.
•    De mulieribus claris (1361, revised up to 1375)
•    Corbaccio (around 1365, this date is disputed)

Decameron                    (B/P + "-occaccio's work"/C2)/+bp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"De Casibus Virorum Illustrium"                    (B/P + "-occaccio's work"/C1)/+cp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"De mulieribus claris"                    (B/P + "-occaccio's work"/C1)/Ch/+bp                    "Boccaccio's work"
Corbaccio                    (B/P + "-occaccio's work"/C2)/Ch/+cp                    "Boccaccio's work"

* Decameron  >>   ("1349" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1352" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch  >>   ("revised 1370" /GC/S/abT)/S  >>   ("1371" /GC/S/abT)/S/Ch
*             "De Casibus Virorum Illustrium"  >>   ("c.1360" /GC/S/abT)/T
*      "De mulieribus claris"  >>   ("1361" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("revised up to 1375" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
*        Corbaccio  >>   ("around 1365" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1339" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch

•    Buccolicum carmen (1367–1369)
•    Esposizioni sopra la Comedia di Dante (1373–1374)
•    Rime (finished 1374)

"Buccolicum carmen"                    (B/S + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                    "Boccaccio's work"
"Esposizioni sopra Comedia di Dante"                    (B/S + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                    "Boccaccio's work"
Rime                    (B/S + "-occaccio's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch                    "Boccaccio's work"

*             "Buccolicum carmen"  >>   ("1367" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1369" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
*             "Esposizioni sopra Comedia di Dante"  >>   ("1373" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>   ("1374" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch
*             Rime  >>   ("finished 1374" /GC/S/abT)/T



Petrarch
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Petrarch ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch


*                Petrarch  >>  "Francesco Petrarca" /T


Born                          20 July 1304(1304-07-20)                     Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy
Died                  19 July 1374(1374-07-19) (aged 69)            Arquà Petrarca, Veneto, Italy

"1304"                                 (P/T + etrarch/S)/+bp                              Petrarch
July                                    (P/T + etrarch/S)/+cp                              Petrarch
"20th"                               (P/T + etrarch/S)/Ch/+bp                             Petrarch
"Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy"                     (P/T + etrarch/S)/Ch/+cp                      Petrarch

"1374"                                (P/T + etrarch/C2)/+bp                              Petrarch
July                                   (P/T + etrarch/C2)/+cp                              Petrarch
"19th"                              (P/T + etrarch/C2)/Ch/+bp                             Petrarch
"Arquà Petrarca, Veneto, Italy"                  (P/T + etrarch/C2)/Ch/+cp                  Petrarch

>>        often called the "Father of Humanism".[1]

*       Petrarch  >>  "Francesco Petrarca" /T  >>  ("Father of Humanism" /P)/GC/S/abT


>>       Petrarch was also known for being one of the first people to refer to the Dark Ages.

*             "Roman Empire"  >>  ("Dark Ages" /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  (Renaissance /T)/GC/S/abT


         Works

>>     Petrarch is best known for his Italian poetry, notably the Canzoniere ("Songbook") and the Trionfi ("Triumphs").

*              ("Parallel Lives [Pa  ra  l=  le  l=  Li  ve  s=]/+bp")/C2  >>  (Canzoniere /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  (Trionfi /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT

Songbook                             (C/T + anzoniere/C2)                             Canzoniere
Triumphs                                  (Tr/T + ionfi/P)                                   Trionfi

>>    However, Petrarch was an enthusiastic Latin scholar and did most of his writing in this language.

Latin                                         (R/T + oman/S)                               Roman

>>         Among them are Secretum ("My Secret Book"), an intensely personal, guilt-ridden imaginary dialogue with Augustine of Hippo;    De Viris Illustribus ("On Famous Men"), a series of moral biographies;    Rerum Memorandarum Libri, an incomplete treatise on the cardinal virtues;     De Otio Religiosorum ("On Religious Leisure")

Secretum                     (P/T + "-etrarch's writing"/C2)/+bp                    "Petrarch's writing"
"De Viris Illustribus"                    (P/T + "-etrarch's writing"/C1)/+cp                    "Petrarch's writing"
"Rerum Memorandarum Libri"                     (P/T + "-etrarch's writing"/C2)/Ch/+bp                    "Petrarch's writing"
"De Otio Religiosorum"                     (P/T + "-etrarch's writing"/C1)/Ch/+cp                    "Petrarch's writing"

*                  Secretum  >>  ("My Secret Book" /P)/GC/S/abT
*                  "De Viris Illustribus"  >>  ("On Famous Men" /P)/GC/S/abT
*                  "Rerum Memorandarum Libr"  >>  ("cardinal virtues" /P)/GC/S/abT
*                  "De Otio Religiosorum"  >>  ("On Religious Leisure" /P)/GC/S/abT

>>        and De Vita Solitaria ("On the Solitary Life"), which praise the contemplative life;     De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae ("Remedies for Fortune Fair and Foul"), a self-help book which remained popular for hundreds of years;     Itinerarium ("Petrarch's Guide to the Holy Land"), a distant ancestor of Fodor's and Lonely Planet;      a number of invectives against opponents such as doctors, scholastics, and the French;

"De Vita Solitaria"                     (P/S + "-etrarch's writing"/C1)/+bp                    "Petrarch's writing"
"De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae"                     (P/S + "-etrarch's writing"/C1)/+cp                    "Petrarch's writing"
Itinerarium                     (P/S + "-etrarch's writing"/C2)/Ch/+bp                    "Petrarch's writing"
invectives                     (P/S + "-etrarch's writing"/C2)/Ch/+cp                    "Petrarch's writing"

*                  "De Vita Solitaria"  >>  ("On Solitary Life" /P)/GC/S/abT
*            "De Remediis Utriusque Fortunae"  >>  ("about Remedies of ill fortune" /P)/GC/S/abT
*                  Itinerarium  >>  ("Holy Land" /P)/GC/S/abT >>  ("Petrarch's Guide" /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT

>>       the Carmen Bucolicum, a collection of 12 pastoral poems;     and the unfinished epic Africa.

"Carmen Bucolicum"                     (P/T + "-etrarch's writing"/S)                    "Petrarch's writing"
Africa                      (P/T + "-etrarch's writing"/S)/Ch                    "Petrarch's writing"

*                  "Carmen Bucolicum"  >>  ("pastoral poems" /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("12" /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*                  Africa  >>  (epic /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  (unfinished /P)/GC/S/abT

>>       In addition, Petrarch collected his letters into two major sets of books called Epistolae familiares ("Familiar Letters")      and Seniles ("Of Old Age"), a plan suggested to him by knowledge of Cicero's letters.      He kept out of Epistolae familiares a special set of 19 controversial letters called      Liber sine nomine that contained much criticism of the Avignon papacy. These were published "without names" to protect the recipients, all of whom had close relationships to Petrarch. The recipients of these letters included Philippe de Cabassoles, bishop of Cavaillon;   Ildebrandino Conti, bishop of Padua;   Cola di Rienzo, tribune of Rome;   Francesco Nelli, priest of the Prior of the Church of the Holy Apostles in Florence;    and Niccolò di Capoccia, a cardinal and priest of Saint Vitalis.     His "Letter to Posterity" (the last letter in Seniles)[22] gives an autobiography and a synopsis of his philosophy in life. It was originally written in Latin and was completed in 1371 or 1372.[23]

"Epistolae familiares"                     (P/T + "-etrarch's letter"/P)/+bp                    "Petrarch's letter"
Seniles                       (P/T + "-etrarch's letter"/P)/+cp                    "Petrarch's letter"
"Liber sine nomine"                     (P/T + "-etrarch's letter"/P)/Ch/+bp                    "Petrarch's letter"
"Letter to Posterity"                     (P/T + "-etrarch's letter"/P)/Ch/+cp                    "Petrarch's letter"

*              "Epistolae familiares"  >>  (epistle /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  (family /P)/GC/S/abT/Ch
*                  Seniles  >>  (ages /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("of old" /P)/GC/S/abT/Ch

* "Liber sine nomine"  >>  (criticism /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("Avignon papacy" /P)/GC/S/abT/Ch  >>  ("without names" /T)/GC/S/abT  >>  (published /T)/GC/S/abT/Ch  >>  ("Philippe de Cabassoles" /S)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("bishop of Cavaillon" /S)/GC/S/abT/Ch  >>  ("Ildebrandino Conti" /C2)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("bishop of Padua" /C2)/GC/S/abT/Ch  >>  ("Cola di Rienzo" /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("tribune of Rome" /GC/S/abT)/P/Ch  >>  ("Francesco Nelli" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  ("priest of Prior of Church of Holy Apostles in Florence" /GC/S/abT)/T/Ch  >>  ("Niccolò di Capoccia" /GC/S/abT)/C2  >>  ("cardinal and priest of Saint Vitalis" /GC/S/abT)/C2/Ch

* "Letter to Posterity"  >>  ("last letter" /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  (Seniles /P)/GC/S/abT/Ch  >>  (autobiography /T)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("synopsis of his philosophy" /T)/GC/S/abT/Ch  >>  (life /S)/GC/S/abT  >>  (Latin /S)/GC/S/abT/Ch  >>  (completed /C1)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("1371 or 1372" /C2)/GC/S/abT/Ch



Claude Adrien Helvétius
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Claude+Adrien+Helv%c3%a9tius ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch


*     Helvétius  >>  "Claude Adrien" /S  >>  "Helvétius Claude Adrien" /C2  >>  "Claude Adrien Helvétius" /C2/Ch


Full name                        Claude Adrien Helvétius
Born                               26 February 1715                                Paris, France
Died                               26 December 1771                                    France

"1715"                                 (H/P + elvétius/S)/+bp                             Helvétius
February                               (H/P + elvétius/S)/+cp                             Helvétius
"26th"                                (H/P + elvétius/S)/Ch/+bp                          Helvétius
"Paris, France"                          (H/P + elvétius/S)/Ch/+cp                        Helvétius

"1771"                                 (H/T + elvétius/S)/+bp                             Helvétius
December                              (H/T + elvétius/S)/+cp                             Helvétius
"26th"                               (H/T + elvétius/S)/Ch/+bp                           Helvétius
France                               (H/T + elvétius/S)/Ch/+cp                           Helvétius

>>         His wife, Anne-Catherine de Ligniville, Madame Helvétius,

"Anne-Catherine de Ligniville"                 (H/T + "-elvétius' wife"/S)                   "Helvétius' wife"

>>       In 1758, Helvétius published his philosophical magnum opus, a work called De l'esprit (On Mind). Its atheistic, utilitarian and egalitarian doctrines raised a public outcry and Helvétius was forced to issue several retractions.

"De esprit"                 (H/T + "-elvétius' publication"/S)                   "Helvétius' publication"

*                   "De esprit"  >>  ("1758" /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("On Mind" /P)/GC/S/abT/Ch



Cesare, Marquis of Beccaria
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Cesare%2c+Marquis+of+Beccaria ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Cesare                              (Pl/P + utarch/S)/ab/Ch                              Plutarch


*     Cesare  >>  "Cesare Bonesana" /C2  >>  "Cesare Bonesana de Marchese" /C2/Ch

*                          Bonesana  >> Beccaria /GC/S/abT


Born                                      March 15, 1738                             Milan
Died                                    November 28, 1794                           Milan

"1738"                                 (C/P + esare/S)/+bp                                Cesare
March                                  (C/P + esare/S)/+cp                                Cesare
"15th"                                 (C/P + esare/S)/Ch/+bp                             Cesare
Milan                                  (C/P + esare/S)/Ch/+cp                             Cesare

"1794"                                 (C/T + esare/S)/+bp                                Cesare
November                              (C/T + esare/S)/+cp                                Cesare
"28th"                                (C/T + esare/S)/Ch/+bp                              Cesare
Milan                                 (C/T + esare/S)/Ch/+cp                              Cesare

>>       best known for his treatise On Crimes and Punishments (1764), which condemned torture and the death penalty, and was a founding worker in the field of criminology.

"On Crimes and Punishments"                 (C/P + "-esare's work"/S)                   "Cesare's work"

*                   "On Crimes and Punishments"  >>  ("1764" /S)/GC/S/abT  >>  (treatise /S)/GC/S/abT/Ch



Thomas Malthus
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Thomas+Malthus ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Cesare                                (Pl/P + utarch/S)/ab/Ch                              Plutarch
Malthus                                (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch


*           Malthus  >>  "Thomas Malthus" /C2  >>  "Thomas Robert Malthus" /P  >>  Robert /T


Name:                   Thomas Robert Malthus
Birth:                    February 13, 1766 (1766-02-13)                  (Surrey, England)
Death:                   December 23, 1834 (aged 68)                     (Bath, England)

"1766"                                 (M/T + althus/S)/+bp                                Malthus
February                               (M/T + althus/S)/+cp                                Malthus
"13th"                                 (M/T + althus/S)/Ch/+bp                            Malthus
"Surrey, England"                         (M/T + althus/S)/Ch/+cp                         Malthus

"1834"                                 (M/T + althus/C2)/+bp                              Malthus
December                               (M/T + althus/C2)/+cp                             Malthus
"23rd"                                (M/T + althus/C2)/Ch/+bp                            Malthus
"Bath, England"                           (M/T + althus/C2)/Ch/+cp                        Malthus


>>          second son of eight children (six of them girls) born to Daniel and Henrietta Malthus

"Daniel Malthus"                      (M/T + "-althus' father"/C2)                      "Malthus' father"
"Henrietta Malthus"                      (M/T + "-althus' mother"/C2)                      "Malthus' mother"

>>         Malthus married his first-cousin once removed, Harriet Eckersall, on April 12, 1804, and had three children: Henry, Emily and Lucy.

"Harriet Eckersall"                      (M/T + "-althus' wife"/C2)                     "Malthus' wife"
"first-cousin once removed"                      (M/T + "-althus' wife"/C2)/Ch                     "Malthus' wife"

"1804"                     (H/T + "-arriet Eckersall"/C2)/+bp                    "Harriet Eckersall"
April                       (H/T + "-arriet Eckersall"/C2)/+cp                    "Harriet Eckersall"
"12th"                      (H/T + "-arriet Eckersall"/C2)/Ch                     "Harriet Eckersall"

Henry                        (M/T + "-althus' childs"/C2)/+bp                      "Malthus' childs"
Emily                        (M/T + "-althus' childs"/C2)/+cp                      "Malthus' childs"
Lucy                         (M/T + "-althus' childs"/C2)/Ch                       "Malthus' childs"


>>         His students affectionately referred to him as "Pop" or "Population" Malthus.

* Malthus  >>  "Thomas Malthus" /C2  >>  "Thomas Robert Malthus" /P  >>  Robert /T  >>  ("Pop Malthus" /S)/T  >>  ("Population Malthus" /S)/P


>>         Malthus refused to have his portrait painted until 1833 because of embarrassment over a cleft lip.    Malthus also had a cleft palate that affected his speech.

* Malthus  >>  "Thomas Malthus" /C2  >>  "Thomas Robert Malthus" /P  >>  Robert /T  >>  ("Pop Malthus" /S)/T  >>  ("Population Malthus" /S)/P  >>  ("cleft lip" /S)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("cleft palate" /S)/GC/S/abT/Ch


>>                Bath Abbey in England hosts Malthus's tomb.

"Bath Abbey"                      (M/T + "-althus' tomb"/C2)                     "Malthus' tomb"
England                        (M/T + "-althus' tomb"/C2)/Ch                    "Malthus' tomb"


>>      Between 1798 and 1826 Malthus published six editions of his famous treatise, An Essay on the Principle of Population,

"Essay on Principle of Population"                 (M/T + "-althus' work"/P)                   "Malthus' work"

*            "Essay on Principle of Population"  >>  ("1798" /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("1826" /P)/GC/S/abT/Ch  >>  ("treatise" /S)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("six editions" /S)/GC/S/abT/Ch



Jean-Baptiste Say,                        Gresham
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Jean-Baptiste+Say ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Cesare                                (Pl/P + utarch/S)/ab/Ch                              Plutarch
Malthus                                (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Say                                 (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                           Plutarch


*                       Say  >>  "Jean-Baptiste Say" /T


Birth                                January 5, 1767(1767-01-05)
Death                              November 15, 1832(1832-11-15) (aged 65)


"1767"                                   (S/P + ay/C2)/+bp                                   Say
January                                  (S/P + ay/C2)/+cp                                   Say
"5th"                                     (S/P + ay/C2)/Ch                                    Say

"1832"                                   (S/T + ay/C2)/+bp                                   Say
November                                (S/T + ay/C2)/+cp                                   Say
"15th"                                    (S/T + ay/C2)/Ch                                    Say

>>       His father, Jean-Etienne Etienne Say,

"Jean-Etienne Etienne Say"                   (S/P + "-ay's father"/C2)                  "Say's father"

>>      (His brother Louis Auguste (1774–1840) was also an economist).

"Louis Auguste"                      (S/P + "-ay's brother"/C2)                      "Say's brother"
economist                         (S/P + "-ay's brother"/C2)/Ch                     "Say's brother"

"1774"                              (Louis/P + Auguste/S)                          "Louis Auguste"
"1840"                           (Louis/P + Auguste/S)/Ch                         "Louis Auguste"

http://www.newschool.edu/nssr/het/profiles/say.htm?page=153 ,    
>>      Major Works of Jean-Baptiste Say

•    Olbie, ou essai sur le moyens de réformer les moeurs d'une nation, 1800.
•    Traité d'économie politique, ou simple exposition de la manière dont se forment, se distribuent, et se composent les richesses, 1803
•    A Treatise on Political Economy, or the production, distribution and consumption of wealth, 1803 (Engl. transl.)
•    De l'Angleterre et des Anglais, 1815.
•    Cathechism of Political Economy, 1815.

"Cathechism of Political Economy"                      (S/P + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+bp                    "Say's publication"
Olbie                      (S/P + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+cp                    "Say's publication"
"Treatise on Political Economy"                   (S/P + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+bp/Ch                  "Say's publication"
"De Angleterre et de Anglais"                   (S/P + "-ay's publication"/C1)/+cp/Ch                  "Say's publication"

*         "Cathechism of Political Economy"  >>  ("1815" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*  Olbie  >>  ("1800" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P  >>  ("ou essai sur moyens de réformer moeurs d' nation" /GC/S/abT)/P

* "Treatise on Political Economy"  >>  ("1803" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P  >>  ("Traité d'économie politique, ou simple exposition de manière dont se forment, se distribuent, et se composent richesses" /GC/S/abT)/P

*         "De Angleterre et de Anglais"  >>  ("1815" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P

•    Petit volume contenant quelques aperçus des hommes et de la société, 1817.
•    Des canaux de navigation dans l'état actuel de la France, 1818
•    De l'importance de le port de la Vilette, 1818
•    Cours à l'Athénée de Paris, 1819.

"Petit volume contenant quelques aperçus des hommes et de société"                      (S/T + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+bp                    "Say's publication"
"Des canaux de navigation dans état actuel de France"                      (S/T + "-ay's publication"/C1)/+cp                    "Say's publication"
"De importance de port de Vilette"                   (S/T + "-ay's publication"/C1)/+bp/Ch                  "Say's publication"
"Cours à Athénée de Paris"                   (S/T + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+cp/Ch                  "Say's publication"

*     "Petit volume contenant quelques aperçus des hommes et de société"  >>  ("1817" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*       "Des canaux de navigation dans état actuel de France"  >>  ("1818" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*         "De importance de port de Vilette"  >>  ("1818" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*         "Cours à Athénée de Paris"  >>  ("1819" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P

•    Lettres à M. Malthus sur différent sujets d'économie politique, notamment sur les causes de la stagnation générale du commerce, 1820.
•    "Letters to Thomas Robert Malthus on Political Economy and Stagnation of Commerce", 1821, (transl. of 1820), The Pamphleteer

•    "Sur la balance des consommations avec les productions", 1824, Revue Encyclopédique.
•    "Examen Critique du discours de M. MacCulloch sur l'économie politique", 1825, Revue Encyclopédique.
•    "De l'économie politique moderne, esquisse générale de cette science, de sa nomenclature, de son histoire et de sa bibliographie", 1826, Encylopédie progressive.


"Lettres à M. Malthus sur différent sujets d'économie politique, notamment sur causes de stagnation générale du commerce"                      (S/S + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+bp                    "Say's publication"
"Sur balance des consommations avec productions"                      (S/S + "-ay's publication"/C1)/+cp                    "Say's publication"
"Examen Critique du discours de M. MacCulloch sur économie politique"                   (S/S + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+bp/Ch                  "Say's publication"
"De économie politique moderne, esquisse générale de cette science, de sa nomenclature, de son histoire et de sa bibliographie"                   (S/S + "-ay's publication"/C1)/+cp/Ch                  "Say's publication"

* "Lettres à M. Malthus sur différent sujets d'économie politique, notamment sur causes de stagnation générale du commerce"  >>  ("1820" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P  >>  ("Letters to Thomas Robert Malthus on Political Economy and Stagnation of Commerce" /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("1821" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T  >>  ("Pamphleteer" /GC/S/abT)/T

*         "Sur balance des consommations avec productions"  >>  ("1824" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*      "Examen Critique du discours de M. MacCulloch sur économie politique"  >>  ("1825" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
* "De économie politique moderne, esquisse générale de cette science, de sa nomenclature, de son histoire et de sa bibliographie"  >>  ("1826" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P  >>  ("Encylopédie progressive" /GC/S/abT)/P

•    "De la crise commerciale", 1826, Revue Encyclopédique
•    "Compte rendu de Malthus "Definitions in Political Economy", 1827, Revue Encyclopédique
•    "Discours d'ouverture au cours d'économie industrielle", 1828
•    Cours complet d'économie politique pratique, 1828.

"De crise commerciale"                      (S/GC/S/abT + "-ay's publication"/C1)/+bp                    "Say's publication"
"Compte rendu de Malthus "Definitions in Political Economy"                      (S/GC/S/abT + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+cp                    "Say's publication"
"Discours d'ouverture au cours d'économie industrielle"                   (S/GC/S/abT + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+bp/Ch                  "Say's publication"
"Cours complet d'économie politique pratique"                   (S/GC/S/abT + "-ay's publication"/C2)/+cp/Ch                  "Say's publication"

*         "De crise commerciale"  >>  ("1826" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*       " Compte rendu de Malthus "Definitions in Political Economy"  >>  ("1827" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*       "Discours d'ouverture au cours d'économie industrielle"  >>  ("1828" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*         "Cours complet d'économie politique pratique"  >>  ("1828" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P

•    Mélange et correspondence d'economie politique, 1833.
•    Oeuvres diverses de J.-B. Say, 1848.

"Mélange et correspondence d'economie politique"                      (S/P + "-ay's publication"/T)                    "Say's publication"
"Oeuvres diverses de J.-B. Say"                      (S/P + "-ay's publication"/T)/Ch                    "Say's publication"

*         "Mélange et correspondence d'economie politique"  >>  ("1833" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*         "Oeuvres diverses de J.-B. Say"  >>  ("1848" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Say%27s_law ,  
>>        Say's law, or the law of market

"Say's Law"                        (l/S + "-aw of market"/P)                         "law of market"

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Jean-Baptiste+Say ,  
>>    Say's Law may also have been culled from Ecclesiastes 5:11 — "As goods increase, so do those who consume them. And what benefit are they to the owner except to feast his eyes on them?" (NIV) Say's Law has been considered by John Kenneth Galbraith as the most distinguished example of the stability of economic ideas, including when they are wrong.[5]

*                   Ecclesiastes  >>  ("law of market" /T/Ch)C2


*      Say  >>  (Gresham /S)/T  >>  "Sir Thomas Gresham" /T  >>  "Sir Thomas" /T/Ch  >>  "Thomas Gresham" /C2


Sir Thomas Gresham
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Sir+Thomas+Gresham ,  

>>      Sir Thomas Gresham (c. 1519 – 21 November 1579) was an English merchant and financier who worked for King Edward VI of England and for Edward's half-sisters, Queens Mary I and Elizabeth I.

"1519"                                 (Gr/P + esham/C2)                                 Gresham

"1579"                               (Gr/P + esham/S)/+bp                               Gresham
November                            (Gr/P + esham/S)/+cp                               Gresham
"21st"                                 (Gr/P + esham/S)/Ch                               Gresham

>>        one of two sons and two daughters of Sir Richard Gresham,

"Sir Richard Gresham"                      (Gr/P + "-esham's father"/S)                    "Gresham's father"

>>       to his uncle Sir John Gresham,

"Sir Richard Gresham"                      (Gr/P + "-esham's uncle"/S)                    "Gresham's uncle"



Niccolò Machiavelli
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Niccol%c3%b2+Machiavelli ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Cesare                                (Pl/P + utarch/S)/ab/Ch                              Plutarch
Malthus                                (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Say                                 (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                           Plutarch
Machiavelli                           (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch


*        Machiavelli  >>  "Niccolò Machiavelli" /C2  >>  "Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli" /P


Full name                            Niccolò Machiavelli
Born                          3 May 1469(1469-05-03)                        Florence, Italy
Died                  21 June 1527(1527-06-21) (aged 58)                    Florence, Italy

"1469"                               (M/P + achiavelli/S)/+bp                           Machiavelli
May                                  (M/P + achiavelli/S)/+cp                           Machiavelli
"3rd"                              (M/P + achiavelli/S)/Ch/+bp                          Machiavelli
"Florence, Italy"                     (M/P + achiavelli/S)/Ch/+cp                        Machiavelli

"1527"                              (M/P + achiavelli/C2)/+bp                           Machiavelli
June                                (M/P + achiavelli/C2)/+cp                           Machiavelli
"21st"                            (M/P + achiavelli/C2)/Ch/+bp                          Machiavelli
"Florence, Italy"                     (M/P + achiavelli/C2)/Ch/+cp                       Machiavelli

>>           Republic of Florence lasted from 1498 to 1512

"1498"                       (Rep/P + "-ublic of Florence"/S)                     "Republic of Florence"
"1512"                       (Rep/P + "-ublic of Florence"/S)/Ch                     "Republic of Florence"

>>         third son of attorney Bernardo di Niccolò Machiavelli, and his wife, Bartolomea di Stefano Nelli.

"Bernardo di Niccolò Machiavelli"                   (M/P + "-achiavelli's father"/S)                   "Machiavelli's father"
"Bartolomea di Stefano Nelli"                   (M/P + "-achiavelli's mother"/S)                   "Machiavelli's mother"


>>     Works

•    Discorso sopra le cose di Pisa (1499)
•    Del modo di trattare i popoli della Valdichiana ribellati (1502)
•    Del modo tenuto dal duca Valentino nell’ ammazzare Vitellozzo Vitelli, Oliverotto da Fermo, etc. (1502) — A Description of the Methods Adopted by the Duke Valentino when Murdering Vitellozzo Vitelli, Oliverotto da Fermo, the Signor Pagolo, and the Duke di Gravina Orsini
•    Discorso sopra la provisione del danaro (1502) — A discourse about the provision of money.

"Discorso sopra cose di Pisa"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/C2)/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Del modo di trattare i popoli della Valdichiana ribellati"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/C1)/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Del modo tenuto dal duca Valentino nell’ ammazzare Vitellozzo Vitelli, Oliverotto da Fermo, etc."                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/C1)/Ch/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Discorso sopra provisione del danaro"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/C2)/Ch/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"

*         "Discorso sopra cose di Pisa"  >>  ("1499" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Del modo di trattare i popoli della Valdichiana ribellati"  >>  ("1502" /GC/S/abT)/P
* " Del modo tenuto dal duca Valentino nell’ ammazzare Vitellozzo Vitelli, Oliverotto da Fermo, etc."  >>  ("1502" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Discorso sopra provisione del danaro"  >>  ("1502" /GC/S/abT)/P

•    Decennale primo (1506), a poem in terza rima.
•    Ritratti delle cose dell’ Alemagna (1508–1512) - Portrait of the affairs of Germany.
•    Decennale secondo (1509), a poem.
•    Ritratti delle cose di Francia (1510) — Portrait of the affairs of France.

"Decennale primo"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/P)/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Ritratti delle cose dell’ Alemagna"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/P)/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Decennale secondo"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/P)/Ch/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Ritratti delle cose di Francia"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/P)/Ch/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"

*                     "Decennale primo"  >>  ("1506" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Ritratti delle cose dell’ Alemagna"  >>  ("1508" /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("1512" /GC/S/abT/Ch) /P
*                     "Decennale secondo"  >>  ("1509" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Ritratti delle cose di Francia"  >>  ("1510" /GC/S/abT)/P

The Prince
The Prince (Italian: Il Principe) is a political treatise by the Italian diplomat, historian and political theorist Niccolò Machiavelli. From correspondence a version appears to have been distributed in 1513, using a Latin title, De Principatibus (About Principalities). But the printed version was not published until 1532, five years after Machiavelli's death. This was done with the permission of the Medici pope Clement VII,

Discourses on Livy
The Discourses on Livy (Italian: Discorsi sopra la prima deca di Tito Livio, literally "Discourses on the First Decade of Titus Livy") is a work of political history and philosophy written in the early 16th century (ca. 1513)

Della lingua (1514),    a dialogue about the language is also normally considered to be by Machiavelli.

•    Andria or The Woman of Andros (1517), a Classical comedy, translated from Terence.

Prince                     (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/S)/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Discourses on Livy"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/S)/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Della lingua"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/S)/Ch/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Andria or Woman of Andros"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/S)/Ch/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"

* Prince  >>  ("1513" /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("1532" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P  >>  ("De Principatibus" /GC/S/abT)/C1  >>  ("Medici pope Clement VII" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C2
*         "Discourses on Livy"  >>  ("1513" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Della lingua"  >>  ("1514" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Andria or Woman of Andros"  >>  ("1514" /GC/S/abT)/P

•    Belfagor arcidiavolo (1515), a novel.
•    Asino d’oro (1517) — The Golden Ass is a terza rima poem, a new version of the Classic work by Apuleius.
•    Mandragola (1518) — The Mandrake, a five-act prose comedy, with a verse prologue.
•    Dell’arte della guerra (1519–1520) — The Art of War, high military science.

"Belfagor arcidiavolo"                     (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Asino d’oro"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"
Mandragola                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Dell’arte della guerra"                   (M/T + "-achiavelli's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"

*         "Belfagor arcidiavolo"  >>  ("1515" /GC/S/abT)/P
* "Asino d’oro"  >>  ("1517" /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("Golden Ass" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P  >>  (Apuleius /GC/S/abT)/C1  >>  ("terza rima poem" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C2
*         Mandragola  >>  ("1518" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Dell’arte della guerra"  >>  ("1519" /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("1520" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P

•    Discorso sopra il riformare lo stato di Firenze (1520) — A discourse about the reforming of Florence.
•    Sommario delle cose della citta di Lucca (1520) — A summary of the affairs of the city of Lucca.
•    The Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca(1520) — Vita di Castruccio Castracani da Lucca, a short biography.
•    Istorie fiorentine (1520–1525) — Florentine Histories, an eight-volume history book of the city-state, Florence, commissioned by Giulio di Giuliano de’ Medici, later Pope Clement VII.

"Discorso sopra il riformare lo stato di Firenze"                     (M/GC/S/abT + "-achiavelli's work"/P)/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Sommario delle cose della citta di Lucca"                   (M/GC/S/abT + "-achiavelli's work"/P)/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca"                   (M/GC/S/abT + "-achiavelli's work"/P)/Ch/+bp                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Istorie fiorentine"                   (M/GC/S/abT + "-achiavelli's work"/P)/Ch/+cp                   "Machiavelli's work"

*         "Discorso sopra il riformare lo stato di Firenze"  >>  ("1520" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Sommario delle cose della citta di Lucca"  >>  ("1520" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca"  >>  ("1520" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Istorie fiorentine"  >>  ("1520" /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("1525" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P

•    Clizia (1525), a prose comedy.
•    Frammenti storici (1525) — Fragments of stories.

Clizia                     (M/GC/S/abT + "-achiavelli's work"/C2)                   "Machiavelli's work"
"Frammenti storici"                     (M/GC/S/abT + "-achiavelli's work"/C2)/Ch                   "Machiavelli's work"

*                                   Clizia  >>  ("1525" /GC/S/abT)/P
*                                 "Frammenti storici"  >>  ("1525" /GC/S/abT)/P



Bernardino Telesio
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Bernardino+Telesio ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Cesare                                (Pl/P + utarch/S)/ab/Ch                              Plutarch
Malthus                                (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Say                                 (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                           Plutarch
Machiavelli                           (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Telesioi                             (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                          Plutarch


*                       Telesio  >>  "Bernardino Telesio" /T/Ch


>>               (1509–1588)

"1509"                                  (T/T + elesio/P)                                    Telesio
"1588"                                  (T/T + elesio/P)/Ch                                Telesio

>>    his emphasis on observation made him the "first of the moderns"

*                Telesio  >>  "Bernardino Telesio" /T/Ch  >>  ("first of moderns" /T)/GC/S/abT


>>     Works

Besides De Rerum Natura,            he wrote:
•    De Somno
•    De his quae in aere fiunt
•    De Mari

"De Rerum Natura"                   (T/C1 + "-elesio's work"/T)/+bp                   "Telesio's work"
"De Somno"                     (T/C1 + "-elesio's work"/T)/+cp                    "Telesio's work"
"De his quae in aere fiunt"                   (T/C1 + "-elesio's work"/T)/Ch/+bp                   "Telesio's work"
"De Mari"                   (T/C1 + "-elesio's work"/T)/Ch/+cp                   "Telesio's work"

•    De Cometis et Circulo Lactea
•    De usu respirationis

"De Cometis et Circulo Lactea"                   (T/C1 + "-elesio's work"/P)                   "Telesio's work"
"De usu respirationis"                   (T/C1 + "-elesio's work"/P)/Ch                 "Telesio's work"



Robert Boyle
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Robert+Boyle ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Cesare                                (Pl/P + utarch/S)/ab/Ch                              Plutarch
Malthus                                (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Say                                 (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                           Plutarch
Machiavelli                           (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Telesioi                             (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/ab/Ch                          Plutarch
Boyle                                (Pl/C2 + utarch/S)/abT                                Plutarch


*                          Boyle  >>  "Robert Boyle" /P


Born                            25 January 1627              Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland
Died                 31 December 1691 (aged 64)                           London, England

"1627"                                   (B/T + oyle/S)/+bp                                  Boyle
January                                  (B/T + oyle/S)/+cp                                  Boyle
"25th"                                 (B/T + oyle/S)/Ch/+bp                                 Boyle
"Lismore, County Waterford, Ireland"                  (B/T + oyle/S)/Ch/+cp                   Boyle

"1691"                                   (B/P + oyle/S)/+bp                                  Boyle
December                                (B/P + oyle/S)/+cp                                  Boyle
"31st"                                 (B/P + oyle/S)/Ch/+bp                                 Boyle
"London, England"                         (B/P + oyle/S)/Ch/+cp                             Boyle


>>                   best known for Boyle's law

"Boyle's law"                    (th/T + ermodynamics/S)                       thermodynamics
"Boyle-Mariotte law"                  (th/T + ermodynamics/S)/Ch                  thermodynamics

>>    seventh son and fourteenth child of Richard Boyle,

"Richard Boyle"                       (B/T + "-oyle's father"/S)                      "Boyle's father"


>>         works

•    1648/1660 – Seraphic Love, written in 1648, but not published until 1660
•    1660 – New Experiments Physico-Mechanical: Touching the Spring of the Air and their Effects
•    1661 – The Sceptical Chymist
•    1663 – An Essay upon the Style of the Holy Scriptures

"Seraphic Love"                      (B/P + "-oyle's work"/S)/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"New Experiments Physico-Mechanical: Touching Spring of Air and their Effects"                      (B/P + "-oyle's work"/S)/+cp                     "Boyle's work"
"Sceptical Chymist"                      (B/P + "-oyle's work"/S)/Ch/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Essay upon Style of Holy Scriptures"                      (B/P + "-oyle's work"/S)/Ch/+cp                     "Boyle's work"

*         "Seraphic Love"  >>  ("1648" /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("1660" /P)/GC/S/abT/Ch
*       "New Experiments Physico-Mechanical: Touching Spring of Air and their Effects"  >>  ("1660" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "Sceptical Chymist"  >>  ("1661" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "Essay upon Style of Holy Scriptures"  >>  ("1663" /P)/GC/S/abT

•    1663 – Considerations touching the Usefulness of Experimental Natural Philosophy (followed by a second part in 1671)
•    1664 – Excellence of Theology compared with Natural Philosophy
•    1664 – Experiments and Considerations Touching Colours, with Observations on a Diamond that Shines in the Dark
•    1665 – New Experiments and Observations upon Cold

"Considerations touching Usefulness of Experimental Natural Philosophy"                      (B/T + "-oyle's work"/S)/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Excellence of Theology compared with Natural Philosophy"                      (B/T + "-oyle's work"/S)/+cp                     "Boyle's work"
"Experiments and Considerations Touching Colours, with Observations on Diamond that Shines in Dark"                      (B/T + "-oyle's work"/S)/Ch/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"New Experiments and Observations upon Cold"                      (B/T + "-oyle's work"/S)/Ch/+cp                     "Boyle's work"

* "Considerations touching Usefulness of Experimental Natural Philosophy"  >>  ("1663" /P)/GC/S/abT  >>  ("second part" /P)/GC/S/abT/Ch  >>  ("1671" /C2)/GC/S/abT
*         "Excellence of Theology compared with Natural Philosophy"  >>  ("1664" /P)/GC/S/abT
* "Experiments and Considerations Touching Colours, with Observations on Diamond that Shines in Dark"  >>  ("1664" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "New Experiments and Observations upon Cold"  >>  ("1665" /P)/GC/S/abT

•    1665 – Occasional Reflections upon Several Subjects, which was ridiculed by Swift in A Meditation Upon a Broom-Stick, and by Butler in An Occasional Reflection on Dr Charlton's Feeling a Dog's Pulse at Gresham College
•    1666 – Hydrostatical Paradoxes [12]
•    1666 – Origin of Forms and Qualities according to the Corpuscular Philosophy
•    1669 – a continuation of his work on the spring of air

"Occasional Reflections upon Several Subjects, which was ridiculed by Swift in Meditation Upon Broom-Stick, and by Butler in Occasional Reflection on Dr Charlton's Feeling Dog's Pulse at Gresham College"                      (B/GC/S/abT + "-oyle's work"/S)/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Hydrostatical Paradoxes"                      (B/GC/S/abT + "-oyle's work"/S)/+cp                     "Boyle's work"
"Origin of Forms and Qualities according to Corpuscular Philosophy"                      (B/GC/S/abT + "-oyle's work"/S)/Ch/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"continuation of his work on spring of air"                      (B/GC/S/abT + "-oyle's work"/S)/Ch/+cp                     "Boyle's work"

* "Occasional Reflections upon Several Subjects, which was ridiculed by Swift in Meditation Upon Broom-Stick, and by Butler in Occasional Reflection on Dr Charlton's Feeling Dog's Pulse at Gresham College"  >>  ("1665" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "Hydrostatical Paradoxes"  >>  ("1666" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "Origin of Forms and Qualities according to Corpuscular Philosophy"  >>  ("1666" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "continuation of his work on spring of air"  >>  ("1669" /P)/GC/S/abT

•    1670 – demonstrated that a reduction in ambient pressure could lead to bubble formation in living tissue. This description of a viper in a vacuum was the first recorded description of decompression sickness.[13]
•    1670 – tracts about the Cosmical Qualities of Things, the Temperature of the Subterraneal and Submarine Regions, the Bottom of the Sea, &c. with an Introduction to the History of Particular Qualities
•    1672 – Origin and Virtues of Gems
•    1673 – Essays of the Strange Subtilty, Great Efficacy, Determinate Nature of Effluviums

"demonstrated that reduction in ambient pressure could lead to bubble formation in living tissue. description of viper in vacuum was first recorded description of decompression sickness"                      (B/C1 + "-oyle's work"/S)/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"tracts about Cosmical Qualities of Things, Temperature of Subterraneal and Submarine Regions, Bottom of Sea, &c. with Introduction to History of Particular Qualities"                      (B/C2 + "-oyle's work"/S)/+cp                     "Boyle's work"
"Origin and Virtues of Gems"                      (B/C2 + "-oyle's work"/S)/Ch/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Essays of Strange Subtilty, Great Efficacy, Determinate Nature of Effluviums"                      (B/C2 + "-oyle's work"/S)/Ch/+cp                     "Boyle's work"

* "demonstrated that reduction in ambient pressure could lead to bubble formation in living tissue. description of viper in vacuum was first recorded description of decompression sickness"  >>  ("1670" /P)/GC/S/abT
* "tracts about Cosmical Qualities of Things, Temperature of Subterraneal and Submarine Regions, Bottom of Sea, &c. with Introduction to History of Particular Qualities"  >>  ("1670" /P)/GC/S/abT
*                          "Origin and Virtues of Gems"  >>  ("1672" /P)/GC/S/abT
*     "Essays of Strange Subtilty, Great Efficacy, Determinate Nature of Effluviums"  >>  ("1673" /P)/GC/S/abT

•    1674 – two volumes of tracts on the Saltiness of the Sea, Suspicions about the Hidden Realities of the Air, Cold, Celestial Magnets, Animadversions on Hobbes's Problemata de Vacuo
•    1675 – Some Considerations about the Reconcileableness of Reason and Religion, with a Discourse about the Possibility of the Resurrection
•    1676 – Experiments and Notes about the Mechanical Origin or Production of Particular Qualities, including some notes on electricity and magnetism
•    1678 – Observations upon an artificial Substance that Shines without any Preceding Illustration

"two volumes of tracts on Saltiness of Sea, Suspicions about Hidden Realities of Air, Cold, Celestial Magnets, Animadversions on Hobbes's Problemata de Vacuo"                      (B/P + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Some Considerations about Reconcileableness of Reason and Religion, with Discourse about Possibility of Resurrection"                      (B/P + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                     "Boyle's work"
"Experiments and Notes about Mechanical Origin or Production of Particular Qualities, including some notes on electricity and magnetism"                      (B/P + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Observations upon artificial Substance that Shines without any Preceding Illustration"                      (B/P + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                     "Boyle's work"

* "two volumes of tracts on Saltiness of Sea, Suspicions about Hidden Realities of Air, Cold, Celestial Magnets, Animadversions on Hobbes's Problemata de Vacuo"  >>  ("1674" /P)/GC/S/abT
* "Some Considerations about Reconcileableness of Reason and Religion, with Discourse about Possibility of Resurrection"  >>  ("1675" /P)/GC/S/abT
* "Experiments and Notes about Mechanical Origin or Production of Particular Qualities, including some notes on electricity and magnetism"  >>  ("1676" /P)/GC/S/abT
*    "Observations upon artificial Substance that Shines without any Preceding Illustration"  >>  ("1678" /P)/GC/S/abT

•    1680 – the Aerial Noctiluca
•    1682 – New Experiments and Observations upon the Icy Noctiluca
•    1682 – a further continuation of his work on the air
•    1684 – Memoirs for the Natural History of the Human Blood

"Aerial Noctiluca"                      (B/S + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"New Experiments and Observations upon Icy Noctiluca"                      (B/S + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                     "Boyle's work"
"further continuation of his work on air"                      (B/S + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Memoirs for Natural History of Human Blood"                      (B/S + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                     "Boyle's work"

*         "Aerial Noctiluca"  >>  ("1680" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "New Experiments and Observations upon Icy Noctiluca"  >>  ("1682" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         " further continuation of his work on air"  >>  ("1682" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "Memoirs for Natural History of Human Blood"  >>  ("1684" /P)/GC/S/abT

•    1685 – Short Memoirs for the Natural Experimental History of Mineral Waters
•    1686 – A Free Enquiry into the Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature
•    1687 – The Martyrdom of Theodora And Didymus
•    1690 – Medicina Hydrostatica


"Short Memoirs for Natural Experimental History of Mineral Waters"                      (B/T + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Free Enquiry into Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature"                      (B/T + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                     "Boyle's work"
"Martyrdom of Theodora And Didymus"                      (B/T + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Medicina Hydrostatica"                      (B/T + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                     "Boyle's work"

*       "Short Memoirs for Natural Experimental History of Mineral Waters"  >>  ("1685" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "Free Enquiry into Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature"  >>  ("1686" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "Martyrdom of Theodora And Didymus"  >>  ("1687" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "Medicina Hydrostatica"  >>  ("1690" /P)/GC/S/abT

•    1690 – The Christian Virtuoso
•    1691 – Experimentae et Observationes Physicae

"Christian Virtuoso"                      (B/C2 + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                     "Boyle's work"
"Experimentae et Observationes Physicae"                      (B/C2 + "-oyle's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch                     "Boyle's work"

*         "Christian Virtuoso"  >>  ("1690" /P)/GC/S/abT
*         "Experimentae et Observationes Physicae"  >>  ("1691" /P)/GC/S/abT



Francis Bacon
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Francis+Bacon ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Cesare                                (Pl/P + utarch/S)/ab/Ch                              Plutarch
Malthus                                (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Say                                 (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                           Plutarch
Machiavelli                           (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Telesioi                             (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                          Plutarch
Boyle                                (Pl/C2 + utarch/S)/abT                                Plutarch
Bacon                              (Pl/C2 + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                              Plutarch


* Bacon  >>  "Francis Bacon" /P  >>  "1st Viscount Saint Alban" /P/Ch  >>  "Sir Francis Bacon" /C2  >>  "Viscount St. Albans" /C2/Ch  >>  "Baron Verulam" /GC/S/abT  >>  "1st Baron Verulam" /GC/S/abT/Ch


Born                       22 January 1561(1561-01-22)                          London, England
Died                   9 April 1626(1626-04-09) (aged 65)                       Highgate, England

"1561"                                 (B/T + acon/C2)/+bp                                  Bacon
January                                (B/T + acon/C2)/+cp                                  Bacon
"22nd"                               (B/T + acon/C2)/Ch/+bp                                Bacon
"London, England"                        (B/T + acon/C2)/Ch/+cp                           Bacon

"1626"                                  (B/T + acon/S)/+bp                                  Bacon
April                                     (B/T + acon/S)/+cp                                  Bacon
"9th"                                 (B/T + acon/S)/Ch/+bp                                 Bacon
"Highgate, England"                         (B/T + acon/S)/Ch/+cp                          Bacon


>>        Bacon has been called the father of empiricism.[2]

*                          Bacon  >>  ("father of empiricism" /T)/S

>>          His works established and popularized inductive methodologies for scientific inquiry, often called the Baconian method or simply, the scientific method.

"Baconian method"                      (m/P + ethodology/GC/S/abT)                          methodology
"scientific method"                      (m/P + ethodology/GC/S/abT)/Ch                          methodology

>>     son of Sir Nicholas Bacon by his second wife Anne (Cooke) Bacon, the daughter of noted humanist Anthony Cooke.

"Sir Nicholas Bacon"                    (B/T + "-acon's father"/S)                   "Bacon's father"

"Anne Bacon"                    (B/T + "-acon's mother"/S)                   "Bacon's mother"
"Anne Cooke Bacon"                    (B/T + "-acon's mother"/S)/Ch                   "Bacon's mother"


>>     Bibliography
Many of Bacon's writings were only published after his death in 1626.

•    Essays (1597)
•    The Elements of the Common Law of England (1597)
•    A Declaration of the Practises & Treasons Attempted and Committed by Robert, late Earl of Essex and his Complices (1601)
•    Temporis Partus Masculus (The Masculine Birth of Time; 1603, unfinished)

Essays                         (B/P + "-acon's work"/S)/+bp                        "Bacon's work"
"Elements of Common Law of England"                 (B/P + "-acon's work"/S)/+cp                 "Bacon's work"
"Declaration of Practises & Treasons Attempted and Committed by Robert, late Earl of Essex and his Complices"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/S)/Ch/+bp                  "Bacon's work"
"Temporis Partus Masculus"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/S)/Ch/+cp                  "Bacon's work"

*         Essays  >>  ("1597" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "Elements of Common Law of England"  >>  ("1597" /GC/S/abT)/T
* "Declaration of Practises & Treasons Attempted and Committed by Robert, late Earl of Essex and his Complices"  >>  ("1601" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "Temporis Partus Masculus"  >>  ("1603" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  (unfinished /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T

•    De Interpretatione Naturae Prooemium (1603, unfinished)
•    Valerius Terminus of the Interpretation of Nature, with Annotations of Hermes Stella (1603, unfinished—published 1734)
•    Cogitationes de Natura Rerum (Thoughts on the Nature of Things; 1604, unfinished)
•    Cogitationes de Scientia Humana (Thoughts on Human Knowledge; 1604, unfinished)

"De Interpretatione Naturae Prooemium"                    (B/P + "-acon's work"/C1)/+bp                    "Bacon's work"
"Valerius Terminus of Interpretation of Nature, with Annotations of Hermes Stella"                 (B/P + "-acon's work"/C2)/+cp                 "Bacon's work"
"Cogitationes de Natura Rerum"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/C2)/Ch/+bp                  "Bacon's work"
"Cogitationes de Scientia Humana"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/C2)/Ch/+cp                  "Bacon's work"

*         "De Interpretatione Naturae Prooemium"  >>  ("1603" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  (unfinished /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T
* "Valerius Terminus of Interpretation of Nature, with Annotations of Hermes Stella"  >>  ("1603" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  (unfinished /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T  >>  (published /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("1734"/GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*         "Cogitationes de Natura Rerum"  >>  ("1604" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  (unfinished /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T
*         "Cogitationes de Scientia Humana"  >>  ("1604" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  (unfinished /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T

•    Francis Bacon His Apology, in Certain Imputations Concerning the late Earl of Essex (1604)
•    Certain Considerations Touching the Better Pacification and Edification of the Church of England (1604)
•    The Proficience and Advancement of Learning (1605)
•    Cogitata et Visa (Thoughts and Conclusions; 1607)

"Francis Bacon His Apology, in Certain Imputations Concerning late Earl of Essex"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/T)/+bp                  "Bacon's work"
"Certain Considerations Touching Better Pacification and Edification of Church of England"                 (B/P + "-acon's work"/T)/+cp                 "Bacon's work"
"Proficience and Advancement of Learning"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/T)/Ch/+bp                  "Bacon's work"
"Cogitata et Visa"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/T)/Ch/+cp                  "Bacon's work"

*  "Francis Bacon His Apology, in Certain Imputations Concerning late Earl of Essex"  >>  ("1604" /GC/S/abT)/T
* "Certain Considerations Touching Better Pacification and Edification of Church of England"  >>  ("1604" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "Proficience and Advancement of Learning"  >>  ("1605" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "Cogitata et Visa"  >>  ("1607" /GC/S/abT)/T

•    Redargutio Philosphiarum (The Refutation of Philosophies; 1608, published posthumously)
•    Inquisitio Legitima de Motu (1608?, published 1653)
•    De sapientia veterum liber (1609)
•    Descriptio Globi Intellectus (1612)

"Redargutio Philosphiarum"                    (B/S + "-acon's work"/C2)/+bp                    "Bacon's work"
"Inquisitio Legitima de Motu"                 (B/S + "-acon's work"/C2)/+cp                 "Bacon's work"
"De sapientia veterum liber"                   (B/S + "-acon's work"/C1)/Ch/+bp                  "Bacon's work"
"Descriptio Globi Intellectus"                   (B/S + "-acon's work"/C2)/Ch/+cp                  "Bacon's work"

*  "Redargutio Philosphiarum"  >>  ("1608" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  ("published posthumously" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T
*  "Inquisitio Legitima de Motu"  >>  ("1608" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  ("published 1653" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T
*         "De sapientia veterum liber"  >>  ("1609" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         " Descriptio Globi Intellectus"  >>  ("1612" /GC/S/abT)/T

•    Thema Coeli (1612, published 1653)
•    The Charge of Sir Francis Bacon, Knight, the King's Attorney-General, Touching Duels (1614)
•    The Wisdom of the Ancients (1619)
•    De Principiis atque Originibus (1620, published 1653)

"Thema Coeli"                    (B/T + "-acon's work"/C2)/+bp                    "Bacon's work"
"Charge of Sir Francis Bacon, Knight, King's Attorney-General, Touching Duels"                 (B/T + "-acon's work"/C2)/+cp                 "Bacon's work"
"Wisdom of Ancients"                   (B/T + "-acon's work"/C2)/Ch/+bp                  "Bacon's work"
"De Principiis atque Originibus"                   (B/T + "-acon's work"/C1)/Ch/+cp                  "Bacon's work"

*         "Thema Coeli"  >>  ("1612" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  ("published 1653" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T
*   "Charge of Sir Francis Bacon, Knight, King's Attorney-General, Touching Duels"  >>  ("1614" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "Wisdom of Ancients"  >>  ("1619" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "De Principiis atque Originibus"  >>  ("1620" /GC/S/abT)/T  >>  ("published 1653" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T

•    Novum Organum (1620)
•    The History of the Reign of King Henry the Seventh (1622)
•    Historia Naturalis et Experimentalis (1623)[54]
•    Apophthegms, New and Old (1625)

"Novum Organum"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                  "Bacon's work"
"History of Reign of King Henry Seventh"                 (B/P + "-acon's work"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                 "Bacon's work"
"Historia Naturalis et Experimentalis"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                  "Bacon's work"
"Apophthegms, New and Old"                   (B/P + "-acon's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                  "Bacon's work"

*         "Novum Organum"  >>  ("1620" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "History of Reign of King Henry Seventh"  >>  ("1622" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "Historia Naturalis et Experimentalis"  >>  ("1623" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "Apophthegms, New and Old"  >>  ("1625" /GC/S/abT)/T

•    The Translation of Certain Psalms (1625)
•    New Atlantis (1626)
•    De Augmentis Scientiarium (1623)
•    Sylva Sylvarum (1623, published 1627)

"Translation of Certain Psalms"                    (B/GC/S/abT + "-acon's work"/C2)/+bp                    "Bacon's work"
"New Atlantis"                 (B/GC/S/abT + "-acon's work"/C2)/+cp                 "Bacon's work"
"De Augmentis Scientiarium"                   (B/GC/S/abT + "-acon's work"/C1)/Ch/+bp                  "Bacon's work"
"Sylva Sylvarum"                   (B/GC/S/abT + "-acon's work"/C2)/Ch/+cp                  "Bacon's work"

*         "Translation of Certain Psalms"  >>  ("1625" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "New Atlantis"  >>  ("1626" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "De Augmentis Scientiarium"  >>  ("1623" /GC/S/abT)/T
*         "Sylva Sylvarum"  >>  ("1627" /GC/S/abT)/T

•    Scripta in naturali et universli philisophia (pub. 1653)
•    Baconiana, Or Certain Genuine Remains Of Sr. Francis Bacon (pub. 1679)

"Scripta in naturali et universli philisophia"                 (B/S + "-acon's work"/GC/S/abT)                     "Bacon's work"
"Baconiana, Or Certain Genuine Remains Of Sr. Francis Bacon"                 (B/S + "-acon's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch                     "Bacon's work"

*         "Scripta in naturali et universli philisophia"  >>  ("pub. 1653" /GC/S/abT)/T
*       " Baconiana, Or Certain Genuine Remains Of Sr. Francis Bacon"  >>  ("pub. 1679" /GC/S/abT)/T



Kepler
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Kepler ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Cesare                                (Pl/P + utarch/S)/ab/Ch                              Plutarch
Malthus                                (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Say                                 (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                           Plutarch
Machiavelli                           (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Telesioi                             (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                          Plutarch
Boyle                                (Pl/C2 + utarch/S)/abT                                Plutarch
Bacon                              (Pl/C2 + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                              Plutarch
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Kepler                                 (Plut/T + arch/P)/abT                                Plutarch


*                   Kepler  >>  "Johannes Keple" /P


Born                December 27, 1571(1571-12-27)       Weil der Stadt near Stuttgart, Germany
Died         November 15, 1630(1630-11-15) (aged 58)          Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany

"1571"                                  (K/P + epler/S)/+bp                                 Kepler
December                               (K/P + epler/S)/+cp                                 Kepler
"27th"                                (K/P + epler/S)/Ch/+bp                               Kepler
"Weil der Stadt near Stuttgart, Germany"                 (K/P + epler/S)/Ch/+cp                   Kepler

"1630"                                 (K/P + epler/C2)/+bp                                 Kepler
November                              (K/P + epler/C2)/+cp                                 Kepler
"15th"                               (K/P + epler/C2)/Ch/+bp                                Kepler
"Regensburg, Bavaria, Germany"                 (K/P + epler/C2)/Ch/+cp                   Kepler


>>              Kepler's laws of planetary motion

"Kepler's laws"                   (pl/P + "=anetary motion"/S)                   "planetary motion"


>>                   Works

•    Mysterium cosmographicum (The Sacred Mystery of the Cosmos) (1596)
•    De Fundamentis Astrologiae Certioribus (Concerning the More Certain Fundamentals of Astrology) (1601)
•    Astronomiae Pars Optica (The Optical Part of Astronomy) (1604)
•    De Stella nova in pede Serpentarii (On the New Star in Ophiuchus's Foot) (1604)

"Mysterium cosmographicum"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/C2)/+bp                  "Kepler's work"
"De Fundamentis Astrologiae Certioribus"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/C1)/+cp                  "Kepler's work"
"Astronomiae Pars Optica"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/C2)/Ch/+bp                  "Kepler's work"
"De Stella nova in pede Serpentarii"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/C1)/Ch/+cp                  "Kepler's work"

*         "Mysterium cosmographicum"  >>  ("1596" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "De Fundamentis Astrologiae Certioribus"  >>  ("1601" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Astronomiae Pars Optica"  >>  ("1604" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "De Stella nova in pede Serpentarii"  >>  ("1604" /GC/S/abT)/P

•    Astronomia nova (New Astronomy) (1609)
•    Tertius Interveniens (Third-party Interventions) (1610)
•    Dissertatio cum Nuncio Sidereo (Conversation with the Starry Messenger) (1610)
•    Dioptrice (1611)

"Astronomia nova"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/T)/+bp                  "Kepler's work"
"Tertius Interveniens"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/T)/+cp                  "Kepler's work"
"Dissertatio cum Nuncio Sidereo"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/T)/Ch/+bp                  "Kepler's work"
Dioptrice                         (K/P + "-epler's work"/T)/Ch/+cp                  "Kepler's work"

*         "Astronomia nova"  >>  ("1609" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Tertius Interveniens"  >>  ("1610" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Dissertatio cum Nuncio Sidereo"  >>  ("1610" /GC/S/abT)/P
*          Dioptrice  >>  ("1611" /GC/S/abT)/P

•    De nive sexangula (On the Six-Cornered Snowflake) (1611)
•    De vero Anno, quo aeternus Dei Filius humanam naturam in Utero benedictae Virginis Mariae assumpsit (1613)
•    Eclogae Chronicae (1615, published with Dissertatio cum Nuncio Sidereo)
•    Nova stereometria doliorum vinariorum (New Stereometry of Wine Barrels) (1615)

"De nive sexangula"                  (K/T + "-epler's work"/C1)/+bp                  "Kepler's work"
"De vero Anno, quo aeternus Dei Filius humanam naturam in Utero benedictae Virginis Mariae assumpsit"                  (K/T + "-epler's work"/C1)/+cp                  "Kepler's work"
"Eclogae Chronicae"                  (K/T + "-epler's work"/C2)/Ch/+bp                  "Kepler's work"
"Nova stereometria doliorum vinariorum"                  (K/T + "-epler's work"/C2)/Ch/+cp                  "Kepler's work"

*         "De nive sexangula"  >>  ("1611" /GC/S/abT)/P
* "De vero Anno, quo aeternus Dei Filius humanam naturam in Utero benedictae Virginis Mariae assumpsit"  >>  ("1613" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Eclogae Chronicae"  >>  ("1615" /GC/S/abT)/P
*         "Nova stereometria doliorum vinariorum"  >>  ("1615" /GC/S/abT)/P

•    Epitome astronomiae Copernicanae (Epitome of Copernican Astronomy) (published in three parts from 1618–1621)
•    Harmonice Mundi (Harmony of the Worlds) (1619)
•    Mysterium cosmographicum (The Sacred Mystery of the Cosmos) 2nd Edition (1621)
•    Tabulae Rudolphinae (Rudolphine Tables) (1627)

"Epitome astronomiae Copernicanae"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/GC/S/abT)/+bp                  "Kepler's work"
"Harmonice Mundi"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/GC/S/abT)/+cp                  "Kepler's work"
"Mysterium cosmographicum"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                  "Kepler's work"
"Tabulae Rudolphinae"                  (K/P + "-epler's work"/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                "Kepler's work"

* "Epitome astronomiae Copernicanae"  >>  (published /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("in three parts" /GC/S/abT)/P/Ch  >>  ("from 1618–1621" /GC/S/abT)/S
*         "Harmonice Mundi"  >>  ("1619" /GC/S/abT)/P
*     "Mysterium cosmographicum"  >>  ("2nd Edition" /GC/S/abT)/P  >>  ("1621" /GC/S/abT)/P/Ch
*         "Tabulae Rudolphinae"  >>  ("1627" /GC/S/abT)/P

•    Somnium (The Dream) (1634)

Somnium                              (K/P + "-epler's work"/S)                     "Kepler's work"

*         Somnium  >>  ("1634" /GC/S/abT)/P



Tycho Brahe
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Tycho+Brahe ,  

Shakespeare                          (Pl/P/Ch + utarch/C2/Ch)/abT                        Plutarch
Dante                                 (Pl/P + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Adam Smith"                         (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT                               Plutarch
"Richard Cantillon"                       (Pl/T + utarch/C2)/abT/Ch                        Plutarch
More                                   (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Newton                                (Pl/T + utarch/P)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Ricardo                                 (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Bentham                               (Pl/T + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                            Plutarch
Boccaccio                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Petrarch                              (Pl/P + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                         Plutarch
Helvétius                               (Pl/P + utarch/S)/abT                               Plutarch
Cesare                                (Pl/P + utarch/S)/ab/Ch                              Plutarch
Malthus                                (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Say                                 (Pl/T + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                           Plutarch
Machiavelli                           (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT                            Plutarch
Telesioi                             (Pl/C2 + utarch/GC/S)/abT/Ch                          Plutarch
Boyle                                (Pl/C2 + utarch/S)/abT                                Plutarch
Bacon                              (Pl/C2 + utarch/S)/abT/Ch                              Plutarch
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Kepler                                 (Plut/T + arch/P)/abT                                Plutarch
Brahe                              (Plut/T + arch/P)/abT/Ch                                Plutarch


*             Brahe  >>  "Tycho Brahe" /P  >>  "Tyge Ottesen Brahe" /P/Ch


Born                              14 December 1546                       Knutstorp Castle, Scania
Died                          24 October 1601 (aged 54)                                  Prague

"1546"                                  (Br/P + ahe/C2)/+bp                                 Brahe
December                               (Br/P + ahe/C2)/+cp                                 Brahe
"14th"                                 (Br/P + ahe/C2)/Ch/+bp                               Brahe
"Knutstorp Castle, Scania"                       (Br/P + ahe/C2)/Ch/+cp                     Brahe

"1601"                                (Br/P + ahe/GC/S/abT)/+bp                            Brahe
October                               (Br/P + ahe/GC/S/abT)/+cp                            Brahe
"14th"                              (Br/P + ahe/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                           Brahe
Prague                             (Br/P + ahe/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                           Brahe


>>            Otte Brahe, Tycho's father,    His mother, Beate Bille,

"Otte Brahe"                        (Br/P + "-ahe's father"/C2)                     "Brahe's father"
"Beate Bille"                       (Br/P + "-ahe's mother"/C2)                    "Brahe's mother"


>>          In 1573 he published a small book, De nova stella[27]

"De nova stella"                  (Br/P + "-ahe's publication"/C1)                  "Brahe's publication"

*         "De nova stella"  >>  ("1573" /GC/S/abT)/T

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DATE: 2011.06.04 - 20:27


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575Simple viewJapan/China/Vietnam/Thai-/Cambodia/Laos/Burma/Malaysia/Indonesia/Brunei/Singapore/Philippines/Taiwan/Okinawa Y... 2012.07.12
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519Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.24
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489Simple viewfraction/ordinal,   'national flowers'   'Department of State'    'God bless you!'   'daylight saving time'   *BC/AD Y... 2011.03.20
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483Simple view'passive voice'               'shoe-string budget?'  'you know'  'by the way'  'eh/well'  'blood libel'    'last supper' Y... 2011.01.14
482Simple view'Do I know you?'           'Season's Greetings'  'Auld Lang Syne'      'Christian cross,  resurrection'    'Red Cross' Y... 2011.01.08
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480Simple view"Shakespeare   &  Plutarch"                  'Sir Thomas More'   'G6'     oneself/myself/ourselves/etc.    ID Y... 2010.12.23
479Simple view'Why wedding dresses are white'              Halloween/제사,  denim, angel(s), eve, Ivy/steak, 'Rhode Island' Y... 2010.12.19
478Simple viewThanksgiving-day,         SantaClaus,           countries,      "silent letter??"     waffle/빈대떡/cupcake Y... 2010.11.26
477Simple view>> More considerations on  "silent letter??";     between GRECOnglish & orthodox English pronunciations Y... 2010.11.27
476Simple view"for the people, by the people, of the people"                          "I have a dream"      yes/no Y... 2010.10.10
475Simple view'it :  imp. v.??'              methinks                               Memorial/Mother's Day,    'hat trick'  franchise/may Y... 2010.06.05
474Simple view"Phonetics/linguistics  &  Bible"                                            "dirty Chinese??" Y... 2010.04.20
473Simple view'aui*Λ/o/='        exigency, need/longing, matter, pressure/force, hurry/rush, weight/postulate/concept/picture Y... 2010.04.05
472Simple view>> Corrected:                   [auiΛ]/S/mES, /S/MS;    [auio]/S/mES, /T/mES, /C1/mES;   [aui=]/P/pES Y... 2010.08.14
471Simple viewview/viewpoint, scheme/surmise/lack/economy/feature,  detail/topic,  item/issue,  point/case,  trifle/matter Y... 2010.04.05
470Simple viewaffair/terrific,  spooky/spook, dreadful/fearsome/awesome/traditional,  customary/familiar,  normal/average Y... 2010.04.05
469Simple viewusual/general,  common/routine, standard, apropos, related/relati-,  germane/cognate, tempor-, fly-by-night Y... 2010.04.05
468Simple viewpassing,  fugitive, 'short-lived', transient/ably/momentarily/amplify/stretch,  expand/wax,  augment/raise Y... 2010.04.05
467Simple viewheighten/lengthen,  embarra-/discountena-,  'show up', offend,  chagrin/vex, mortify/abash,  incarna-/personi- Y... 2010.04.05
466Simple viewrepresent/depict,  illustrate/explicate, codify, manifest, rubbish,  malign/libel,  abuse/mar, decry, blacken Y... 2010.04.05
465Simple viewsignificance/fervour/ebullience,  weight/emphasis, distillation/water/dew/perspiration/moisture/spray/bigotry Y... 2010.04.05
464Simple viewchutzpah', fight, payoff, path,  consequences/end, result(s), verdict,  upshot/event, compatible, consonant Y... 2010.04.05
463Simple viewsociable, convivial,  'dyed in the wool', universal, overall,  total/downright, worldwide,  'far-flung', entire Y... 2010.04.05
462Simple viewwhole/patient,  mild/equab-, kind/generali-/interpola-,  sophisticate/pervert, counsel/instruct,  refine/temper Y... 2010.04.05
461Simple viewhype/razzmatazz, razzle-dazzle, spotlight, play-up, write-up,  champion/uphold, develop,  defend, 'plead for' Y... 2010.04.05
460Simple viewhelp,  advocate/recommend,  puzzle/poser, problem, inconsistency, 'closed book', conundrum, fabrication Y... 2010.04.05
459Simple viewforgery/phony, lie(s), fiction, myth,  fake/counterfeit,  takings, arrest/bust,  catching/espial, trappings/bard Y... 2010.04.05
458Simple viewimprisonment/detenti-, seizure,  dignity, 'self-importa-', decorum/etiquet-,  grandeur/prominen-, proprieties Y... 2010.04.05
457Simple viewsolemnities/gravity,  majesties, 'His Honour, etc.',  destitute, 'down and out',  poor, 'bad(ly) off', 'well-off' Y... 2010.04.05
456Simple viewneedy,  short/low, jovial,  lively, 'full of beans', congenial/ratty/peevish,  sour/tart,  surly/churlish, peppery Y... 2010.04.05
455Simple viewtesty/heady/snappish, unlimited/incomparable/peremptory/complain,  grumble/bellyache, carp/kvetch, groan Y... 2010.04.05
454Simple viewwail/soothe,  'relieve (yourself)', soften/mitigate/scold/blame,  correct/chasten, discipline/censure/advertise Y... 2010.04.05
453Simple viewfortis(?) consonants,                                    Short(?) Program,  Democrat/donkey,  Valentine's Day Y... 2010.02.24
452Simple view>>                                              θ/ð/v/f Y... 2014.03.09
451Simple viewDifference between English & GRECOnglish/GC,                                             pronouns,   'Excuse me.' Y... 2010.01.23
450Simple view'Λui*a/o/=', business/craft, work/occupation, call/job, line/field, condition/symptoms/disorder/appointments Y... 2010.01.06
449Simple view>> Corrections:                                               [Λuia] adjective,       [Λui=] /S/SS Y... 2010.09.18
448Simple viewhorseback-riding?    class, label, creature, gull,   figure/dupe, fitting/fit,    worthy/praiseworthy/worthwhile Y... 2010.01.06
447Simple viewcorrect,  toxic/unhealthful,  deadly/destructive, mortal/killing, choice/prime,  'cool, first-class', select/rare Y... 2010.01.06
446Simple viewbrilliant/marvello-, cracking/mega, coolish/aggregate/assemble/accumula-, test/challenge, look at, research Y... 2010.01.06
445Simple viewexaggerate/emphasise/enlarge/inflate/embroider, frighten/scare/stun/alarm, damp/humidness/opacity/dim Y... 2010.01.06
444Simple viewfaintness/funniness/sport/pleasure/cheerfulness/joy,   understanding/affectionateness/toleration/surd/hard Y... 2010.01.06
443Simple viewdire/awful/dreadful/notable, non-specialist, general/easy/simple/plain/significant/suppose/imagine, believe in Y... 2010.01.06
442Simple view'fancy up', feed, 'eat up', graze/pasture/browse,  'dine out', copulate/shag/bonk,  'have a ball', 'have a fuck' Y... 2010.01.06
441Simple view'have a hump', erase, 'cancel out', excise, 'wipe out', luxury/extra/art/pleasure/love/density/want/parsimony Y... 2010.01.06
440Simple viewdimension/solidity/impenetrability/terror/animosity/dread/horror/fright/awe/deadline,    value/unchangeability Y... 2010.01.06
439Simple viewconstancy,  merit/irreversibility,  quality/unalterability,  caliber/invariability, bad,  kind/humane, good, favour Y... 2010.01.06
438Simple viewcaring/sharp/risky/parlous/ominous/dicey/insecure/ugly/quiescent/yielding/soft/dutiful/willing, patient/serene Y... 2010.01.06
437Simple viewliberal/prodigal, lax/permissive/tender, constancy/stability, lenient/magnanimo-/free/evolve, generate/render Y... 2010.01.06
436Simple viewguarantee/guaranty, delegate/authorize, trust, transfer/transport, hand/give/pass/capture, charm/bewitch Y... 2010.01.06
435Simple viewattract/fascinate,  entrance/trance,  submit/yield/agree/bend/bow/ailment, malaise/instrument/tool/apropos Y... 2010.01.06
434Simple viewtimely/genuine/lethal/terminal/hostile/fine/willing/affable/commix/terrorize/water, kindliness, hand-out Y... 2010.01.06
433Simple viewEnglish/GRECOnglish accent,                   'Happy Holidays',  season, chemistry?         'primary consonants' Y... 2010.01.04
432Simple view'uia*Λ/o/='            mix/mixture;     blend;     compound/composite/composition;     amalgam/amalgamation Y... 2010.01.04
431Simple view>> Corrected:                                             [uia=] /T/MS, /P/mES Y... 2010.08.13
430Simple viewcoalescence; climax; venture; project; risk; scheme;  benefit/beneficiality;  good(ness);  use; gain; reward Y... 2009.12.25
429Simple viewboon; alert; serious; deep; intellectual; scholarly; fit;    appropriate/expropriate; irregular;    asymmetric(al) Y... 2009.12.01
428Simple viewfraternize; socialize; sacrifice; abandon; renounce; forfeit(ure); jilt; disentangle/untangle; generalize (-ise) Y... 2009.12.01
427Simple viewextrapolate; infer; conclude; 'reason out'; universalize; mind; sense; knowledge; wit; corruption/corruptne- Y... 2009.12.01
426Simple view>> Corrections:          mindfulness/mind, sensuousness/sense, wiseness/wisdom, judiciousness/judgement Y... 2009.12.21
425Simple viewgraft; danger(ousness); chance; prospect; optimality/optimization; gawky/gauche; heavy; earnest; true/H?  Y... 2009.12.01
424Simple viewphysical; manual; base; sanguine; expectant; budget; allowance; finance(s); shove; thrust; nudge; knock Y... 2009.12.01
423Simple viewpush; bump; cause; source; spring; agent; opposite; different; enough/enow; lavish; belligerent; conflicting Y... 2009.12.01
422Simple viewoptimize; behave;   act/react; conduct(ion); acquit ; comport; deliberate; consider; think; ponder; debate Y... 2009.12.01
421Simple viewfrighten; scare; petrify;    interweave; intermingle; commingle; alleviate;    trivialize; untangle; shadiness Y... 2009.12.01
420Simple viewrun;   disclose; divulge; evince; defraud; hoodwink;   impart; promulgate; deteriorate; fundi; wonk;   study Y... 2009.12.01
419Simple view"trick or treat"                                   "air force one" Y... 2009.11.06
418Simple view*  'iau*Λ/o/='      mean(s), aid, advantage, vacuum,    (expressive) style, competition, aggression, intrusion Y... 2009.11.04
417Simple view>> Corrected:              [iauΛ] /P/MS, /S/aES, /C1/SS, /P/mES,   [iauo] /C2/MS, /verb,   [iau=] /P/mES Y... 2010.10.05
416Simple view'ill will',    pugnacity/roundabout/wandering, straightforward/natural/frank/dirty/blue, lavish/full/grace/raise Y... 2009.11.04
415Simple viewadvance/boycott/snub, refrain from, stay away -, spurn, throw out, eject/support/bear, hold up, carry/prop Y... 2009.11.03
414Simple viewfame/honour/glory, trouble(someness), inconvenience/solemness/gravity, earnest(ness), soberness/feeling Y... 2009.11.03
413Simple viewsubmission,   philanthropic(al), gracious, almsgiving, positive, confident, hopeful, upbeat,   real(ly), absolute Y... 2009.11.03
412Simple viewperfect/right/complete/shoot/speed/race/rush/tear/dash/pose/present/create/rise,     lead (to),  result (in) Y... 2009.11.03
411Simple viewsave, rescue, recover, salvage,    bail (out), chafe, rub, scratch, rasp, scrape,    foolish(ness), judg(e)ment Y... 2009.11.03
410Simple viewgrotesquery/unpleasingness/verity,   'true fact?' reality, sensuous/sensual, provocative/delicious/delectable Y... 2009.11.03
409Simple viewsteady/beautiful/scenic, savo(u)ry, federate/merge,   unify/unite, consolidate/mingle/coalesce/save/reserve Y... 2009.11.03
408Simple viewstore/collect/vaporize/gasify/aerate,     sublimate/sublime, transpire/hesitate/waver/delay/pause/wait/falter Y... 2009.11.03
407Simple view'compound noun'                Go go go!   White House, northwest, used car,   African-American,   ball games Y... 2009.10.20
406Simple viewdefault [*]/[h]/[=]                   nightline, below, having,  'So many people, so many minds.'  'Mother’s Day' Y... 2009.10.16
405Simple viewMrs./Miss/Ms./lady,                   principle of (sur)names,                   Kor-/Eng- sentences              color Y... 2009.10.11
404Simple view'=ia*Λ/o/u'         agent/H? height/representative/minister/agent/deputy/summit/peak, fund(s), mutual/trust Y... 2009.10.04
403Simple view>> Corrections:                   [=iaΛ] /S/mES,   [=iau]/P/noun, /C1/mES,    [=iao]/S/aES,   /P/T/C1/mES,  Y... 2010.08.28
402Simple viewtherapeutic,  lavish/healing/restorative, good(s), corrective/temporary/acting/interim,  strain/stress/strenu- Y... 2009.10.04
401Simple view'stand-in',   'fill-in',   farming, country, rural, rustic, agrarian,   complain, moan, bitch, whine, growl, gripe Y... 2009.10.04
400Simple viewsophisticate/school/train/educate/consecrate,  bless/H? monitor,  'check (out)', program(me), info(rmation) Y... 2009.10.04
399Simple view>> Corrections:                                           "45. monitor"     &     "46.  check (out)" Y... 2009.11.27
398Simple viewproof, submission, reverence, observance, density, compact(ed)ness, impenetrability, thick, close, heavy Y... 2009.10.04
397Simple viewsolid, substantial, defenc(s)e, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear, shoulder, endure, keep Y... 2009.10.04
396Simple viewoscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-) Y... 2009.10.04
395Simple viewsour(ness), vice/viciousness, cruelty, savage(ry), feminine(ness), sex, female(n-), male(n-), masculine(n-) Y... 2009.10.04
394Simple viewterrific, bodacious(ly), boff(o), 'jim-dandy', hopeful, positive, confident, 'can-do', formal(ly), official, regular Y... 2009.10.04
393Simple viewparlous/perilous, '(de)fend (off)',  'cover up', protect/guard/secure/preserve/furnish,  'fit out', stock/supply Y... 2009.10.04
392Simple viewprovision/provide/serialize, 'set up', arrange/form/order/sort/sicken/disgust/revolt, repel/repulse, 'gross out' Y... 2009.10.04
391Simple view>> Corrections:                                              "set up"          (set) Y... 2010.01.18
390Simple view'Why not Gibson Charles?'          'Mr. Gibson' or 'Gibson mister'        'Your Honour'        'English middle name' Y... 2009.09.19
389Simple view'ia=*Λ/o/u'         supplement,      quest,     philanthropic(al), irritative, humanitarian, affronted, sacrifice Y... 2009.09.15
388Simple view>> Corrected Y... 2010.11.20
387Simple viewabandon(ment), focus, center, finish, do, use, '(be) used to', effect, merit, culture, public, spell/charm/lure Y... 2009.09.15
386Simple viewfair(ness), love(liness), neighbo(u)rly, siz(e)ably, wil(l)fully, corpor(e)al, cordial, futile, troubledly, disturbing Y... 2009.09.15
385Simple viewwildish, wild(ly),   loud(ly), cut, sever, divide,   rend, schism,   separate, cast, throw, project, launch, pitch Y... 2009.09.15
384Simple viewshed, consolidate, combine, unite, join,  marry, amalgamate, boundary, limits, obscurity, negligence/neglect Y... 2009.09.15
383Simple viewirresponsibleness, uncertainty, changeability, rough, crude/petro-, homespun, rough-hew(n), 'stylish person' Y... 2009.09.15
382Simple view'in/on demand'  show, express, display, reveal, register, rouse, cause, fire, prompt, ease, moderate, animate Y... 2009.09.15
381Simple viewgrafting;                  greeting;                 "good-bye"                   "forbidden fruit" Y... 2009.09.11
380Simple viewno/though/yes,         (nein/doch/ja)                    "You like it, do you? ΛV" Y... 2009.09.08
379Simple view>> "Don't you like it?"           "The life must go on."           sniper,          Phoenicia,         freemason Y... 2009.09.18
378Simple view'iaΛ*o/u/='   factor, fundament(al), problematic(al),  '(dangling) participle', loose(ly),  'blue chip', large-sized Y... 2009.09.04
377Simple viewpunctuality, promptness, read(il)y, regular(ity), stead(il)y, consistent(ly),  'Kindly yours',  '(double) genitive' Y... 2009.09.04
376Simple viewsimplicity/easiness/clarity, logic(ality), urgency/importan-, need(fulness), gravity, press(ure), hurry/querulo- Y... 2009.09.04
375Simple viewbad-tempered,     hot-tempered, irascible,    'provide (against/for)', 'fit (in)', 'spy (on)',  follow/i? monitor/H? Y... 2009.09.04
374Simple viewagree/-/i? thunder(bolt), cheat(er), sharper,  'confidence man', pledge/v? committal, promise/v? segmented Y... 2009.09.04
373Simple viewsegregative/augmentative/increasable/protractive/celebrative,  'deal in/with', 'trade in', 'build up', scare/-/i? Y... 2009.09.04
372Simple view'iao*Λ/u/='      position/H?   exposé,      (have) impact/contact/curb/date/elbow/interview/panic/park/verb? Y... 2009.08.26
371Simple view>> Corrected:                                       [iaou] /S/aES Y... 2010.07.09
370Simple viewcare(fulness),  worry/v?   'seeing eye', old/H? passé, circumspect(ive),    'Indian summer',  oldish, enervate Y... 2009.08.26
369Simple viewverity, truth,  'the true',  factuality, tru(thful)ly,     'Sincerely yours', media blitz, clear/whole/H? wholeness Y... 2009.08.26
368Simple viewunity/cohesion, barrenness, aridness/poorer/unproductivity, technological), propitiatory/atonable/reparative Y... 2009.08.26