slave (l/C2 + aborer/S) laborer
worker (s/GC/S/abT + lave/S) slave
slave (n/GC/S/abT + egro/P) negro
slave (pr/C2 + isoner/S) prisoner
* slave >> (servant /P/Ch/+bp)/T >> (serf /P/Ch/+cp)/T >> (vassal /C2)/P >> (bondsman /C2/Ch)/P >> (slavey /T/Ch)/P >> (varlet /S/Ch)/P >> (villain /C2)/T >> (villein /C2/Ch/+bp)/T >> (bondservant /C2/Ch/+cp)/T >> (drudge /P)/GC/S/abT >> (skivvy /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (scullion /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT
** slave >> (toil /T)/C1 >> (labor /P)/C1 >> (labour /P/Ch)/C1 >> (grind /GC/S/abT)/C1 >> (drudge /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C1 >> (sweat /C1)/GC/S/abT >> (graft /C1)/S >> (slog /C1/Ch)/S >> ("sweat blood" /C1)/P >> (skivvy /C1/Ch)/P >> ("work your fingers to the bone" /C1/Ch/+bp)/T >> ("work your guts out" /C1/Ch/+cp)/T >> ("keep your nose to the grindstone" /C1/+bp)/T >> ("slaving over a hot stove" /C1/+cp)/T
1. One bound in servitude as the property of a person or household.
2. One who is abjectly subservient to a specified person or influence: "I was still the slave of education and prejudice" (Edward Gibbon).
3. One who works extremely hard.
4. A machine or component controlled by another machine or component.
"One bound in servitude as property of person or household" (sl/P + ave/S)/+bp slave
"One who is abjectly subservient to specified person or influence" (sl/P + ave/S)/+cp slave
"One who works extremely hard" (sl/P + ave/GC/S/abT) slave
"machine or component controlled by another machine or component" (sl/P + ave/GC/S/abT)/Ch slave
intr.v. slaved, slav•ing, slaves
1. To work very hard or doggedly; toil.
2. To trade in or transport slaves.
"work very hard or doggedly" (sl/C1 + ave/T) slave
"trade in or transport slaves" (sl/C1 + ave/S) slave
Word History: The derivation of the word slave encapsulates a bit of European history and explains why the two words slaves and Slavs are so similar; they are, in fact, historically identical. The word slave first appears in English around 1290, spelled sclave. The spelling is based on Old French esclave from Medieval Latin sclavus, "Slav, slave," first recorded around 800. Sclavus comes from Byzantine Greek sklabos (pronounced sklävs) "Slav," which appears around 580. Sklavos approximates the Slavs' own name for themselves, the Slovnci, surviving in English Slovene and Slovenian. The spelling of English slave, closer to its original Slavic form, first appears in English in 1538. Slavs became slaves around the beginning of the ninth century when the Holy Roman Empire tried to stabilize a German-Slav frontier. By the 12th century stabilization had given way to wars of expansion and extermination that did not end until the Poles crushed the Teutonic Knights at Grunwald in 1410. • As far as the Slavs' own self-designation goes, its meaning is, understandably, better than "slave"; it comes from the Indo-European root *kleu-, whose basic meaning is "to hear" and occurs in many derivatives meaning "renown, fame." The Slavs are thus "the famous people." Slavic names ending in -slav incorporate the same word, such as Czech Bohu-slav, "God's fame," Russian Msti-slav, "vengeful fame," and Polish Stani-slaw, "famous for withstanding (enemies)."
* Russia >> (Slav /C2)/GC/S/abT
* slave >> (sclave /T)/C2
** (sclave /T/Ch)/C2 >> esclave/T >> sclavus/P/Ch >> sklabos/P >> sklävs/GC/S/abT >> Sklavos/GC/S/abT/Ch
** (Slav /C2/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> Slovnci /T >> Slovene /T/Ch >> Slovenian /C2
"famous people" (Sl/C2 + avs/GC/S/abT) Slavs
* Slavs >> (kleu /S)/C2
** (kleu /S/Ch)/C2 >> hear /P >> renown /P/Ch/+bp >> fame /P/Ch/+cp
* Czech >> (Bohu-slav /S)/GC/S/abT
** (Bohu-slav /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> "God's fame" /P
* Russian >> (Msti-slav /S)/GC/S/abT
** (Msti-slav /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> "vengeful fame" /P
* Polish >> (Stani-slav /S)/GC/S/abT
** (Stani-slav /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> "famous for withstanding" /P >> "famous for withstanding enemies" /T
2. Why Black History Month is in February : US, Canada, October/UK
Why Black History Month is in February : US, Canada, October/UK
February (Black/GC/S/abT + History/C1) "Black History"
October ("Black History"/T + Month/S) "Black History Month"
Women's History Month : March
March (Women's/T + "History Month"/S) "Women's History Month"
Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month : May
* "Asian-Pacific American Heritage Month" >> (May /C1)/GC/S/abT
Hispanic Heritage Month : mid-September to mid-October
* "Hispanic Heritage Month" >> ("mid-September to mid-October" /C2)/P
American Indian Heritage Month : November
* "American Indian Heritage Month" >> (November /GC/S/abT)/C2
bidet (w/GC/S/abT + "-oman's toilet"/C1) "woman's toilet"
bidet ([ŋ= w=]/GC/S/abT + anus/C1) anus
bidet (w/GC/S/abT + ashing/C1) washing
bidet (f/GC/S/abT + ixtures/C1) fixtures
bidet (b/P + asin/T) basin
bidet (g/P + enitals/T) genitals
A fixture similar in design to a toilet that is straddled for washing the genitals and the anal area.
[French, pony, bidet, probably from Old French bider, to trot.]
a small low basin for washing the genitals and anal area
[from French: small horse, probably from Old French bider to trot]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003
genitals (v/C1 + ulva/T) vulva
"Shampoo" Word Origin: India's Many Contributions To The English Language
Tue, Feb 7, 2012 - Who Knew? 1:11 | 225,272 views
What does "shampoo" mean? Like many English words, it comes from India, and originally meant "head massage." Indian languages have given us many other everyday terms, including "thug," "pajamas," "pundit," & "jungle."
* soap >> (shampoo /P)/GC/S/abT
* hair >> (shampoo /P)/GC/S/abT
* cream >> (shampoo /P)/GC/S/abT
* carpet >> (shampoo /P)/GC/S/abT
* cleansing >> (shampoo /P)/GC/S/abT
* clean >> (shampoo /P)/GC/S/abT
* "cleansing liquid" >> (shampoo /P)/GC/S/abT
* "scalp massage" >> (shampoo /P)/GC/S/abT
n. pl. sham•poos
1. Any of various liquid or cream preparations of soap or detergent used to wash the hair and scalp.
2. Any of various cleaning agents for rugs, upholstery, or cars.
3. The act or process of washing or cleaning with shampoo.
tr. & intr.v. sham•pooed, sham•poo•ing, sham•poos
To wash or undergo washing with shampoo.
1. (Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Hairdressing & Grooming) a liquid or cream preparation of soap or detergent to wash the hair
2. a similar preparation for washing carpets, etc.
3. (Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Hairdressing & Grooming) the process of shampooing
vb -poos, -pooing, -pooed
(Clothing, Personal Arts & Crafts / Hairdressing & Grooming) (tr) to wash (the hair, etc.) with such a preparation
Doomsday Predictions: Is 2012 really the year of the Apocalypse?
Mon, Jan 23, 2012 - Who Knew? 1:32 | 1,196,912 views
Doomsayers fear the world will end in 2012, fulfilling a Mayan prophecy. But after Harold Camping's notorious doomsday fail last year, and another in 2009, don't blow your life savings just yet.
Apocalypse (d/P + oomsday/C2) doomsday
"December 21st" (dooms/P + day/C2) doomsday
3021 ([December/S]/P + [21st/P]/S) "December 21st"
earthquake (dooms/P + day/C2)/Ch doomsday
"2012 (twenty-twelve)" (M/T + aya/C2) Maya
doom (d/T + eath/GC/S/abT) death
doomsday (Judgment/GC/S/abT + day/C1) "Judgment Day"
6. "six pack abs", wheel
"six pack" ([ŋ= w=]/C2 + abdomen/S) abdomen
abs (abdominal/GC/S/abT + muscles/S) "abdominal muscles"
* control >> handle /GC/S/abT
* handle >> (steering wheel /P)/GC/S/abT
* ^steering^ wheel >> wheel (liaison-hole /LH)
ostrich (m/T + "-inus five"/P) "minus five"
condor (m/T + "-inus four"/S) "minus four"
albatross (m/T + "-inus three"/C2) "minus three"
eagle (m/T + "-inus two"/S) "minus two"
birdie (m/S + "-inus one"/P) "minus one"
par (z/P + ero/T) zero
bogey (pl/P + "-us one"/C2) "plus one"
"double bogey" (pl/P + "-us two"/S) "plus two"
"triple bogey" (pl/P + "-us tthree"/GC/S/abT) "plus three"
"quadruple bogey" (pl/P + "-us four"/C1) "plus four"
ace (h/P + "-ole in one"/GC/S/abT) "hole in one"
"hole in one" (p/P + erfect/C1) perfect
Greek/GRECOnglish (CLASSICAL Attic) primary /P speaking posture (of cp; Middle between the vocal cords and the lowest neck/throat, shifted/leaned/slanted backward. bp; Low/Front in the mouth) and Greek/GRECOnglish (CLASSICAL Attic) secondary /S speaking posture (of cp; low/middle in the mouth. bp; Low/Front in the mouth).
** MODERN Greek speaking posture/mGC: cp; Middle between the vocal cords and the lowest neck/throat. * (tcrp)bp/Low/Front. (No secondary speaking posture) http://www.omniglot.com/writing/index.htm ,
* Sparta /mGC >> Athens /GC/S/abT
That is, when/if trying to speak "Sparta" with/from /GC/S/abT speaking posture, "Athens" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
And when/if trying to speak "Athens" with/from /mGC speaking posture, "Sparta" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
** Most pronunciations of http://www.howjsay.com/ and http://www.thefreedictionary.com/ are of Sparta, not of Athens, nor of USA, nor of English.
| Socotra Rock 이어도, Falklands, Paracel Islands, Spratly Islands, Yonaguni 與那國, Hans Island|
| avenge, scold, anxious, 'auxiliary verb', off, ugly/clever, absolute (term), like, run, able, hardly, M&M|