Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
Send mail

Name Search
(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | brd2 | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, main :::


596 12 View counter   Join Member Login Admin
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject             common/same  (phonetic) structure  in  Korean,  Chinese,  Japanese  &  English  alphabets/characters

http://voicespec.com/board.cgi?id=test1&action=view&gul=92&page=1&go_cnt=0 ,  

alphabet                                   (l/P + etter/S)                                      letter
character                                (l/P + etter/S)/Ch                                    letter

ideograph                               (l/C2 + etter/S)/Ch                                   letter

*                      ideograph  >>  ideogram /mGC

hieroglyph                               (l/T + etter/S)/Ch                                   letter

phonogram                                (l/T + etter/P)                                      letter

*                      phonogram  >>  phonograph /mGC


1.                                Korean alphabets

"ㅡ" : "으 [ŋ=]" : "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]",       "lie down"
"ㅣ" : "이 [ŋi]"  : "섰다 [sΛs da]",            "stand up"
    
*                    "lie down"  >>  lie /mGC
*                    "stand up"  >>  stand /mGC

*                  lie /mGC/Ch  >>  low /T  >>  drop /P  >>  fall /C1
*                stand /mGC/Ch  >>  erect /P  >>  build /T  >>  tower /C1

*                       low  >>  lower /mGC

"누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]", which is Korean/Seoul /P word, is phonetically/meaningfully corresponding to "lie down" of English /S word.
When trying to speak "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]" or "lie down" from Korean (Seoul dialect/standard) /S speaking posture, "으 [ŋ=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"으 [ŋ=]" is the pronunciation/name of Korean vowel "ㅡ".

"섰다 [sΛs da]", which is Korean/Seoul /P word, is phonetically/meaningfully corresponding to "stand up" of English /S word.
When trying to speak "섰다 [sΛs da]" or "stand up" from Korean (Seoul dialect/standard) /S speaking posture, "이 [ŋi]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"이 [ŋi]" is the pronunciation/name of Korean vowel "ㅣ".


Korean consonant alphabets : ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ
Korean vowel alphabets     : ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅗ ㅛ ㅠ ㅠ ㅡ ㅣ

Korea/Seoul/S

ㄱ/g : ge, "기역[gi  ŋ(iΛ)g]" : "으이 [ŋ= ŋi]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㄱ"

That is, Korean alphabet "ㄱ" is equivalent to "g". When trying to speak "ge" or "으이 [ŋ= ŋi]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture, "기역[gi  ŋ(iΛ)g]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"기역[gi  ŋ(iΛ)g]" is the name of "ㄱ".
"으이 [ŋ= ŋi]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㄱ" "기역[gi  ŋ(iΛ)g]"

* When trying to speak "기역[gi  ŋ(iΛ)g]" from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture with coarticulation of Korea/Seoul /P speaking posture, "으이 [ŋ= ŋi]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㄱ"
"lie down" + "ㅣ" >> "ㄱ"
"ㅡ" + "stand up" >> "ㄱ"
"lie down" + "stand up" >> "ㄱ"
"ㅡ" + "섰다 [sΛs da]" >> "ㄱ"
"누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]" + "ㅣ" >> "ㄱ"
"누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]" + "섰다 [sΛs da]" >> "ㄱ"
"lie down" + "섰다 [sΛs da]" >> "ㄱ"
"누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]" + "stand up" >> "ㄱ"

That is, in alphabet structure/pronunciation of Korean, Chinese, Japanese & English,
even though partially or totally replacing "lie down" or "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]" for "ㅡ" and "stand up" or "섰다 [sΛs da]" for "ㅣ", the results are same:   so, when trying to speak
"ge" or
"으이 [ŋ= ŋi]" or
"(lie down) [ŋi]" or
"[ŋ=] (stand up)" or
"(lie down) (stand up)" or
"[ŋ=] (섰다 [sΛs da])" or
"(누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]) [ŋi]" or
"(누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]) (섰다 [sΛs da])" or
"(lie down) (섰다 [sΛs da])" or
"(누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]) (stand up)"
from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture, "기역[gi  ŋ(iΛ)g]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced. Etc.


ㄴ/n : ne "니은[ni  ŋ=n]" : "이으 [ŋi ŋ=]" : "ㅣ"+ "ㅡ" >> "ㄴ"

ㄷ/d : de "디읃[di  ŋ=d]" : "으이으 [ŋ= ŋi ŋ=]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅣ"+ "ㅡ" >> "ㄷ" or "으*니은 [ŋ= ni  ŋ=n]" : "ㅡ" + "ㄴ" >> "ㄷ"

That is, Korean alphabet "ㄷ" is equivalent to "d". When trying to speak "de" or "으이으 [ŋ= ŋi ŋ=]" or "으*니은 [ŋ= ni  ŋ=n]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture, "니은[ni  ŋ=n]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"니은[ni  ŋ=n]" is the name of "ㄴ".
"으이으 [ŋ= ŋi ŋ=]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅣ"+ "ㅡ" >> "ㄷ" "디읃[di  ŋ=d]"
"으*니은 [ŋ= ni  ŋ=n]" : "ㅡ" + "ㄴ" >> "ㄷ" "디읃[di  ŋ=d]"

ㄹ/(l or r) : le "리을[ri  ŋ=l]" : "으이으이으 [ŋ= ŋi ŋ= ŋi ŋ=]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㄹ" or "으이*디읃 [ŋ= ŋi di ŋ=d]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㄷ" >> "ㄹ" or "기역*디읃 [gi ŋ(iΛ)g di  ŋ=d]" : "ㄱ" + "ㄷ" >> "ㄹ" or "기역*으이으 [gi ŋ(iΛ)g ŋ= ŋi ŋ=]" : "ㄱ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" >>  "ㄹ"

That is, Korean alphabet "ㄹ" is equivalent to "r" or "l". When trying to speak "le" or "으이으이으 [ŋ= ŋi ŋ= ŋi ŋ=]" or "으이*디읃 [ŋ= ŋi di ŋ=d]" or "기역*디읃 [gi ŋ(iΛ)g di  ŋ=d]" or "기역*으이으 [gi ŋ(iΛ)g ŋ= ŋi ŋ=]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture, "리을[ri  ŋ=l]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"리을[ri  ŋ=l]" is the name of "ㄹ".
"으이으이으 [ŋ= ŋi ŋ= ŋi ŋ=]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㄹ" "리을[ri  ŋ=l]"
"으이*디읃 [ŋ= ŋi di ŋ=d]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㄷ" >> "ㄹ" "리을[ri  ŋ=l]"
"기역*디읃 [gi ŋ(iΛ)g di  ŋ=d]" : "ㄱ" + "ㄷ" >> "ㄹ" "리을[ri  ŋ=l]"
"기역*으이으 [gi ŋ(iΛ)g ŋ= ŋi ŋ=]" : "ㄱ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㄹ" "리을[ri  ŋ=l]"

ㅁ/m : me "미음[mi  ŋ=m]" : "이으으이 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋi]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅁ"/P or "니은*으이 [ni ŋ=n ŋ= ŋi]" : "ㄴ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅁ"/P or "니은*기역 [ni ŋ=n gi ŋ(iΛ)g]" : "ㄴ" + "ㄱ" >> "ㅁ"/P or "이으*기역 [ŋi ŋ= gi ŋ(iΛ)g]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㄱ" >> "ㅁ"/P : "이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅁ"/P : "으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅁ"/P

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅁ" is equivalent to "m". When trying to speak "me" or "이으으이 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋi]" or "니은*으이 [ni ŋ=n ŋ= ŋi]" or "니은*기역 [ni ŋ=n gi ŋ(iΛ)g]" or "이으*기역 [ŋi ŋ= gi ŋ(iΛ)g]" or "이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=]" or "으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture, "미음[mi  ŋ=m]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"미음[mi  ŋ=m]" is the name of "ㅁ".
"이으으이 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋi]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"니은*으이 [ni ŋ=n ŋ= ŋi]" : "ㄴ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"니은*기역 [ni ŋ=n gi ŋ(iΛ)g]" : "ㄴ" + "ㄱ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"이으*기역 [ŋi ŋ= gi ŋ(iΛ)g]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㄱ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
But, others (like "디읃*이" : "ㄷ" + "ㅣ") do not produce "미음[mi  ŋ=m]".

* While  <ㅁ/m : me "미음[mi  ŋ=m]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) primary/P speaking posture,
<ㅂ/b : be "비읍[bi  ŋ=b]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S speaking posture.

ㅂ/b : be "비읍[bi  ŋ=b]" : "이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=]/S" : "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅂ"/S : "으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi]/S" : "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅂ"/S

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅂ" is equivalent to "b". When trying to speak "be" or "이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=]" or "으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S speaking posture, "비읍[bi  ŋ=b]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"비읍[bi  ŋ=b]" is the name of "ㅂ".
"이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅂ"/S "비읍[bi  ŋ=b]"
"으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅂ"/S "비읍[bi  ŋ=b]"

* "/" (of Korean alphabet "ㅅ") is (not mouth/Mo but) chest/Ch pronunciation of "이 [ŋi]", which is the pronunciation/name of Korean vowel "ㅣ".
* "\" (of Korean alphabet "ㅅ") is (not mouth/Mo but) chest/Ch pronunciation of "으 [ŋ=]", which is the pronunciation/name of Korean vowel "ㅡ".

ㅅ/s : se "시옷[si  ŋos]" : "이으/Ch [ŋi ŋ=]/Ch" : ("ㅣ" + "ㅡ")/Ch >> "ㅅ"/Mo

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅅ" is equivalent to "s". When trying to speak "se" or "이으/Ch [ŋi ŋ=]/Ch" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) primary/P/Mo speaking posture, "시옷[si  ŋos]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"시옷[si  ŋos]" is the name of "ㅅ".
"이으/Ch [ŋi ŋ=]/Ch" : ("ㅣ" + "ㅡ")/Ch >> "ㅅ"/Mo "시옷[si  ŋos]"

ㅇ/ŋ : ŋe "이응[ŋi  ŋ=ŋ]" : "원[ŋ(uΛ)n]/circle" >> "ㅇ"

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅇ" is equivalent to "ŋ". When trying to speak "ŋe" or 'circle' or "원[ŋ(uΛ)n]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) primary/P/Mo speaking posture, "이응[ŋi  ŋ=ŋ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"이응[ŋi  ŋ=ŋ]" is the name of "ㅇ".
"원[ŋ(uΛ)n]/circle" >> "ㅇ" "이응[ŋi  ŋ=ŋ]"

ㅈ/z : ze "지읒[zi  ŋ=z]" : "으*(이으)/Ch [ŋ= (ŋi ŋ=)/Ch]" : "ㅡ" + ("ㅣ" + "ㅡ")/Ch >> "ㅈ"/Mo : "으*(시옷) [ŋ= (si  ŋos)]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅅ" >> "ㅈ"/Mo

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅈ" is equivalent to "z". When trying to speak "ze" or "으*(이으)/Ch [ŋ= (ŋi ŋ=)/Ch]" or "으*(시옷) [ŋ= (si  ŋos)]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) primary/P/Mo speaking posture, "지읒[zi  ŋ=z]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"지읒[zi  ŋ=z]" is the name of "ㅈ".
"으*(이으)/Ch [ŋ= (ŋi ŋ=)/Ch]" : "ㅡ" + ("ㅣ" + "ㅡ")/Ch >> "ㅈ"/Mo "지읒[zi  ŋ=z]"
"으*(시옷) [ŋ= (si  ŋos)]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅅ" >> "ㅈ"/Mo "지읒[zi  ŋ=z]"

* Korean alphabet "ㅊ" has two "ㅡ"; long "ㅡ" and short "-".
long "ㅡ" is articulated with primary/PRM stress, while short "-" is articulated with (no) stress for content/CON words.

ㅊ/c : ce "치읓[ci  ŋ=c]" : "으/CON*으/PRM*(이으)/Ch [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM (ŋi ŋ=)/Ch]" : "ㅡ"/CON + "ㅡ"/PRM + ("ㅣ" + "ㅡ")/Ch >> "ㅊ"/Mo : "으/CON*으/PRM*(시옷) [ŋ= (si  ŋos)]" : "ㅡ"/CON + "ㅡ"/PRM + "ㅅ" >> "ㅊ"/Mo

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅊ" is equivalent to "c". When trying to speak "ce" or "으/CON*으/PRM*(이으)/Ch [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM (ŋi ŋ=)/Ch]" or "으/CON*으/PRM*(시옷) [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM (si  ŋos)]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) primary/P/Mo speaking posture, "치읓[ci  ŋ=c]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"치읓[ci  ŋ=c]" is the name of "ㅊ".
"으/CON*으/PRM*(이으)/Ch [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM (ŋi ŋ=)/Ch]" : "ㅡ"/CON + "ㅡ"/PRM + ("ㅣ" + "ㅡ")/Ch >> "ㅊ"/Mo
"으/CON*으/PRM*(시옷) [ŋ= (si  ŋos)]" : "ㅡ"/CON + "ㅡ"/PRM + "ㅅ" >> "ㅊ"/Mo "치읓[ci  ŋ=c]"

* While  <ㄱ/g : ge, "기역[gi  ŋ(iΛ)g]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) primary/P speaking posture,
<ㅋ/k : ke "키옄[ki  ŋ(iΛ)k]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S speaking posture.

ㅋ/k : ke "키옄[ki  ŋ(iΛ)k]" : "으으이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi]/S" : "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅋ"/S : "기역*으 [gi  ŋ(iΛ)g ŋ=]/S" : "ㄱ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅋ"/S

"ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >>  "ㄱ" "기역[gi  ŋ(iΛ)g]"

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅋ" is equivalent to "k". When trying to speak "ke" or "으으이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi]" or "기역*으 [gi  ŋ(iΛ)g ŋ=]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S speaking posture, "키옄[ki  ŋ(iΛ)k]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"키옄[ki  ŋ(iΛ)k]" is the name of "ㅋ".
"으으이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi]/S" : "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅋ"/S "키옄[ki  ŋ(iΛ)k]"
"기역*으 [gi  ŋ(iΛ)g ŋ=]/S" : "ㄱ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅋ"/S "키옄[ki  ŋ(iΛ)k]"

* While  <ㄷ/d : de "디읃[di  ŋ=d]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) primary/P speaking posture,
<ㅌ/t : te "티읕[ti  ŋ=t]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S speaking posture.

ㅌ/t : te "티읕[ti  ŋ=t]" : "이으으으 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋ=]/S" : "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅌ"/S : "디읃*으 [di  ŋ=d ŋ=]/S" : "ㄷ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅌ"/S

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅌ" is equivalent to "t". When trying to speak "te" or "이으으으 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋ=]" or "디읃*으 [di  ŋ=d ŋ=]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S speaking posture, "티읕[ti  ŋ=t]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"티읕[ti  ŋ=t]" is the name of "ㅌ".
"이으으으 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋ=]/S" : "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅌ"/S "티읕[ti  ŋ=t]"
"디읃*으 [di  ŋ=d ŋ=]/S" : "ㄷ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅌ"/S "티읕[ti  ŋ=t]"

* While  <ㅂ/b : be "비읍[bi  ŋ=b]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S mouth/Mo speaking posture,
<ㅍ/p : pe "피읖[pi  ŋ=p]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S (not mouth/Mo but) chest/Ch speaking posture.

* Korean alphabet "ㅍ" has two short "ㅣ", whish are articulated with Secondary /SCN stress, while normal/long "ㅣ" is articulated with primary/PRM stress.

ㅍ/p : pe "피읖[pi  ŋ=p]" : "으(이이)/SCN으 [ŋ= (ŋi ŋi) /SCN ŋ=]/S/Ch" : "ㅡ" + ("ㅣ" + "ㅣ")/SCN + "ㅡ" >> "ㅍ"/S/Ch

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅍ" is equivalent to "p". When trying to speak "pe" or "으(이이)/SCN으 [ŋ= (ŋi ŋi) /SCN ŋ=]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S chest/Ch speaking posture, "피읖[pi  ŋ=p]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"티읕[ti  ŋ=t]" is the name of "ㅌ".
"으(이이)/SCN으 [ŋ= (ŋi ŋi) /SCN ŋ=]/S/Ch" : "ㅡ" + ("ㅣ" + "ㅣ")/SCN + "ㅡ" >> "ㅍ"/S/Ch "피읖[pi  ŋ=p]"

* While  <ㅇ/ŋ : ŋe "이응[ŋi  ŋ=ŋ]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) primary/P speaking posture,
<ㅎ/h : he "히읕[hi  ŋ=t]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S (not mouth/Mo but) chest/Ch speaking posture.

* Korean alphabet "ㅎ" has one short "ㅡ", whish is articulated with (no) stress for content/CON words, while normal/long "ㅡ" is articulated with primary/PRM stress.

ㅎ/h : he "히읕[hi  ŋ=t]" : "(으/CON*으/PRM*원)/Ch [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM ŋ(uΛ)n)/S/Ch]" : ("ㅡ"/CON + "ㅡ"/PRM + ŋ(uΛ)n)/S/Ch >> "ㅎ"/S/Ch : "(으/CON*으/PRM*circle)/Ch [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM circle/S/Ch]" : ("ㅡ"/CON + "ㅡ"/PRM + circle)/S/Ch >> "ㅎ"/S/Ch

That is, Korean alphabet "ㅎ" is equivalent to "h". When trying to speak "he" or "(으/CON*으/PRM*원)/Ch [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM ŋ(uΛ)n)/S/Ch]" or "(으/CON*으/PRM*circle)/Ch [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM circle/S/Ch]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S chest/Ch speaking posture, "히읕[hi  ŋ=t]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"히읕[hi  ŋ=t]" is the name of "ㅎ".
"(으/CON*으/PRM*원)/Ch [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM ŋ(uΛ)n)/S/Ch]" : ("ㅡ"/CON + "ㅡ"/PRM + ŋ(uΛ)n)/S/Ch >> "ㅎ"/S/Ch "히읕[hi  ŋ=t]"
"(으/CON*으/PRM*circle)/Ch [ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM circle/S/Ch]" : ("ㅡ"/CON + "ㅡ"/PRM + circle)/S/Ch >> "ㅎ"/S/Ch "히읕[hi  ŋ=t]"

-----------

ㅏ/a : "아[ŋa]" : "(이*으/CON)/S ["ㅣ" + "ㅡ"/CON]/S" >> "ㅏ"/S

That is, Korean vowel "ㅏ" is equivalent to "a". When trying to speak "(이*으/CON)/S ["ㅣ" + "ㅡ"/CON]/S" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S speaking posture, "아[ŋa]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"아[ŋa]" is the name of "ㅏ".

* When trying to speak "아[ŋa]" from Korea/Seoul /S/Ch speaking posture with coarticulation of Korea/Seoul /P speaking posture, "이*으/CON [ŋi ŋ=/CON]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


* While  <ㅏ/a : "아[ŋa]">  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S mouth/Mo speaking posture,
<ㅑ/(ia) : "야[ŋ(ia)]"> (which sound is similar to [ya])  is articulation/pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S (not mouth/Mo but) chest/Ch speaking posture.

ㅑ/(ia) : "야[ŋ(ia)]" : "(이*(으으)/CON)/S/Ch ["ㅣ" + ("ㅡ" + "ㅡ")/CON]/S/Ch" >> "ㅑ"/S/Ch

That is, Korean vowel "ㅑ" is equivalent to [ŋ(ia)] (which sound is similar to [ya]). When trying to speak "(이*(으으)/CON)/S ["ㅣ" + ("ㅡ" + "ㅡ")/CON]/S" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) secondary/S/Ch speaking posture, "야[ŋ(ia)]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.            Vice versa.
"야[ŋ(ia)]" is the name of "ㅑ".

ㅓ/Λ : "어[ŋΛ]" : "(으/CON*이)/S  ["ㅡ"/CON + "ㅣ"]/S" >> "ㅓ"/S

ㅕ/(iΛ) : "여[ŋ(iΛ)]" : "((으으)/CON*이)/S/Ch [("ㅡ" + "ㅡ")/CON + "ㅣ"]/S/Ch" >> "ㅕ"/S/Ch

ㅗ/o : "오[ŋo]" : "(이/CON*으)/S  ["ㅣ"/CON + "ㅡ"]/S" >> "ㅗ"/S

ㅛ/(io) : "요[ŋ(io)]" : "((이이)/CON*으)/S/Ch [("ㅣ" + "ㅣ")/CON + "ㅡ"]/S/Ch" >> "ㅛ"/S/Ch

ㅜ/u : "우[ŋu]" : "(으*이/CON)/S  ["ㅡ" + "ㅣ"/CON]/S" >> "ㅜ"/S

ㅠ/(iu) : "유ŋ(iu)]" : "(으*(이이)/CON)/S/Ch ["ㅡ" + ("ㅣ" + "ㅣ")/CON]/S/Ch" >> "ㅠ"/S/Ch

ㅡ/(=) : "으[ŋ=]" : "으/S  [ㅡ]/S" >> "ㅡ"/S

ㅣ/i : "이[ŋi]" : "이/S  [ㅣ]/S" >> "ㅣ"/S



2.                                Chinese alphabets/characters

A)                    Chinese numbers
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Chinese+numbers ,  

0 〇 lng 영 [ŋ(iΛ)ŋ] lng
1 一 일 [ŋil] yī
2 二 이 [ŋi] r
3 三 삼 [sam] sān
4 四 사 [sa] s
5 五 오 [ŋo] wǔ
6 六 육 [yug] li
7 七 칠 [cil] qī
8 八 팔 [pal] bā
9 九 구 [gu] jiǔ

10 十 십 [sib] s
100 百 백 [bg] bǎi
1,000 千 천 [cΛn] qiān
10,000 萬 만 [man] wn

Korea has its own/separate pronunciation for (so-called) Chinese characters
For example, "일 [ŋil]" is Korean pronunciation, and "yī" is Chinese pronunciation for "1 一".


0) "영 [ŋ(iΛ)ŋ]" is the pronunciation from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.
If trying to speak "원 [ŋ(uΛ)n]" or "circle (which is phonetically/meaningfully corresponding to '원 [ŋ(uΛ)n]')"  from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.,     "영 [ŋ(iΛ)ŋ]"  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
If trying to speak "영 [ŋ(iΛ)ŋ]" (but, not 'circle')  from Chinese chest/Ch speaking posture while taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture as coarticulation.,     [l=ŋ] (not "lng")  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

1) "일 [ŋil]" is the pronunciation from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.
If trying to speak "으 [ŋ=]" or "one [ŋ(uΛ)n]"  (or "lie down" or "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]")  from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.,     "일 [ŋil]"  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
If trying to speak "일 [ŋil]"  (but, not 'one')  from Chinese chest/Ch speaking posture while taking Korea/강원-도 [gaŋ  wΛn  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture as coarticulation.,     [ŋi] (not "yī")  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

2) "이 [ŋi]" is the pronunciation from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.
If trying to speak "으/SCN 으/PRM [ŋ=/SCN ŋ=/PRM]" or "two [tu w=]"  from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.,     "이 [ŋi]"  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.  ** Note the upper "ㅡ" is shorter than the below one.
If trying to speak "이 [ŋi]" (but, not 'two')  from Chinese chest/Ch speaking posture while taking Japanese speaking posture as coarticulation.,     [ye  r=] (not "r")  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

3) "삼 [sam]" is the pronunciation from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.
If trying to speak "으/SCN 으/CON 으/PRM [ŋ=/SCN ŋ=/CON ŋ=/PRM]"  or "three [s= w= ri]"  from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.,     "삼 [sam]"  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.  ** Note the upper "ㅡ" is shorter than the below one, while the middle one is the shortest.
If trying to speak "삼 [sam]"  (but, not 'three')  from Chinese chest/Ch speaking posture while taking Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture as coarticulation.,     [saŋ] (not "sān")  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

8) "팔 [pal]" is the pronunciation from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.
If trying to speak "이/Ch 으/CON 으/Ch [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/CON  ŋ=/Ch]" or "acht"  from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.,     "팔 [pal]"  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.  ** Note the upper "ㅡ" (between "/" & "\") is very short and is pronounced with no stress of content word.
If trying to speak "팔 [pal]"  (but, not 'acht')   from Chinese chest/Ch speaking posture while taking Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture as coarticulation.,     [b(=a)] (not "bā")  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*                    acht  >>  eight /mGC

4) 四 << 口 + 八

口 : 구 [gu]
If trying to speak "lips" or "입 [ŋib]"  or "미음[mi  ŋ=m]" or "이으으이 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋi]" or "니은*으이 [ni ŋ=n ŋ= ŋi]" or "니은*기역 [ni ŋ=n gi ŋ(iΛ)g]" or "이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=]" or "으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi]" from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.,     "구 [gu]"  (which is Korean pronunciation for Chinese "口")  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"이으으이 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋi]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"니은*으이 [ni ŋ=n ŋ= ŋi]" : "ㄴ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"니은*기역 [ni ŋ=n gi ŋ(iΛ)g]" : "ㄴ" + "ㄱ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"이으*기역 [ŋi ŋ= gi ŋ(iΛ)g]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㄱ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=]" : "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"
"으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi]" : "ㅡ" + "ㅡ" + "ㅣ" + "ㅣ" >> "ㅁ"/P "미음[mi  ŋ=m]"

四 << 口 + 八
"사 [sa]" is the pronunciation from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.

*                    fwan  >>  four /mGC

If trying to speak  "fwan" (but, not 'four')  or " lips acht" or

"구 [gu] 팔 [pal]" or "lips 팔 [pal]" or "입 [ŋib] 팔 [pal]" or "미음[mi  ŋ=m] 팔 [pal]" or "이으으이 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋi] 팔 [pal]" or "니은*으이 [ni ŋ=n ŋ= ŋi] 팔 [pal]" or "이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=] 팔 [pal]" or "으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi] 팔 [pal]"

or "lips 이/Ch 으/CON 으/Ch [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/CON  ŋ=/Ch]" or "입 [ŋib] 이/Ch 으/CON 으/Ch [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/CON  ŋ=/Ch]" or "미음[mi  ŋ=m] 이/Ch 으/CON 으/Ch [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/CON  ŋ=/Ch]" or "이으으이 [ŋi ŋ= ŋ= ŋi] 이/Ch 으/CON 으/Ch [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/CON  ŋ=/Ch]" or "니은*으이 [ni ŋ=n ŋ= ŋi] 이/Ch 으/CON 으/Ch [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/CON  ŋ=/Ch]" or "이이으으 [ŋi ŋi ŋ= ŋ=] 이/Ch 으/CON 으/Ch [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/CON  ŋ=/Ch]" or "으으이이 [ŋ= ŋ= ŋi ŋi] 이/Ch 으/CON 으/Ch [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/CON  ŋ=/Ch]"  

from Chinese speaking posture while taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture as coarticulation.,     "사 [sa]"  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

If trying to speak "사 [sa]"  (but, not 'four' nor "fwan")   from Chinese chest/Ch speaking posture while taking Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture as coarticulation.,     [b(=a)] (not "s")  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


* I think Chinese characters are not ideograph but phonogram and Chinese characters were made by Korean (not Chinese).



3.         Japanese letters
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/kanji ,  

>>    Kanji

* (Not "Kanji" but) "Gan zi" is the pronunciation from Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture.
(Not "Kanji" but) "Gan zi" is corresponding to "글자 [g=l  za]" or "letter" (not 漢字, which means "Chinese speaking"); that is, if trying to speak "글자 [g=l  za]" or "letter" from Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture, (not "Kanji" but) "Gan zi" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>  hiragana (ひらがな, 平仮名 평가명 [p(iΛ)ŋ ga m(iΛ)ŋ], voice/음성), katakana (カタカナ, 片仮名 편가명 [p(iΛ)n ga m(iΛ)ŋ], spelling/철자),

* "平仮名 평가명 [p(iΛ)ŋ ga m(iΛ)ŋ]" is the pronunciation from Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) /P speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture.
"hiragana ひらがな" is the pronunciation from Japanese /P speaking posture with coarticulation of Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture.

"平仮名 평가명 [p(iΛ)ŋ ga m(iΛ)ŋ]" and "hiragana ひらがな" are corresponding to "voice" or "음성 [ŋ=m  sΛŋ] 音聲".

"片仮名 편가명 [p(iΛ)n ga m(iΛ)ŋ]" is the pronunciation from Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /P speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture.
(Not katakana but) "gadagana カタカナ" is the pronunciation from Japanese /P speaking posture with coarticulation of Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture.

"片仮名 편가명 [p(iΛ)n ga m(iΛ)ŋ]" and "gadagana カタカナ" are corresponding to "spelling" or "철자 [cΛl  za] 綴字".

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/hiragana ,  
>> Each kana is either a vowel such as "a" (あ); a consonant followed by a vowel such as "ka" (か); or "n" (ん), a nasal sonorant which, depending on the context, sounds either like English m, n, or ng ([ŋ]), or like the nasal vowels of French.
>> and suffixes such as さん ~san "Mr., Mrs., Miss, Ms."

* "さん" is corresponding to Korean "씨 [si]".
If trying to speak "씨 [si]" or "Mr." or "Mrs." or "Miss" from Japanese /S speaking posture with coarticulation of Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture, [san] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
If trying to speak "씨 [si]" from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /P speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture, [saŋ] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
And if trying to speak "씨 [si]" from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture, [sam] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>            Table of hiragana

"あ a [a]" is the pronunciation from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture.
If trying to speak "으 이 이/Ch 으 이 [ŋ=  ŋi  ŋi/Ch  ŋ=  ŋi]" from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture, [a] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"い i [i]" is the pronunciation from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture.
If trying to speak "이 으/CON 으/CON/Ch [ŋi  ŋ=/CON ŋ=/Ch/CON]" from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture with coarticulation of Japanese speaking posture, [i] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


* I think Japanese characters are either not ideograph but phonogram and Japanese characters were made by same system of Korean/Chinese alphabet.



4.                         English alphabet
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/English+alphabet ,  

A a /eɪ/
B bee /biː/
C cee /siː/
D dee /diː/
E e /iː/
F ef (eff as a verb) /ef/
G gee /dʒiː/
H aitch /eit∫/
I i /aɪ/
etc.

When trying to speak [ŋa] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [ŋe ŋi] (or "ei") is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When trying to speak [bi] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [bi] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When trying to speak [ci] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [si] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When trying to speak [di] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [di] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When trying to speak [ŋe] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [ŋi] (or "i") is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When trying to speak [fi] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [ŋe f=] (or "ef") is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When trying to speak [gi] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [zi] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When trying to speak [hi] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [ŋe ŋi ci] (or "eit∫") is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When trying to speak [ŋi] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [ŋa ŋi] (or "ai") is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
etc.

uppercase or capital letters : /T

lowercase or small letters  : /C2


A          "이/Ch 으/Ch 으/SCN"        [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back)

When trying to speak [ŋe ŋi] from English /T speaking posture with coarticulation of English /P & /S (cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle), [ŋi  ŋ=  ŋ=] (or [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]) is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.         vice versa.

That is, When trying to speak [ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]  from English /S (cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle)  speaking posture, [ŋe ŋi] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*As pronunciations of "uppercase or capital letters", /T speaking posture is mentioned.


Or when trying to speak
[ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["stand up"/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
[ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  "lie down"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
[ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  "lie down"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["stand up"/Ch  "lie down"/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back)
["stand up"/Ch  "lie down"/Ch  "lie down"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["stand up"/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  "lie down"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or

["섰다 [sΛs da]"/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
[ŋi/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
[ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
[ŋi/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["섰다 [sΛs da]"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["섰다 [sΛs da]"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["섰다 [sΛs da]"/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back)
[ŋi/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or

[ŋi/Ch  "lie down"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
[ŋi/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/Ch  "lie down"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or

["stand up"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["섰다 [sΛs da]"/Ch  "lie down"/Ch  ŋ=/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or

["stand up"/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["섰다 [sΛs da]"/Ch  ŋ=/Ch  "lie down"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or

["stand up"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["섰다 [sΛs da]"/Ch  "lie down"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["섰다 [sΛs da]"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/Ch  "lie down"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or

["stand up"/Ch  "lie down"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["stand up"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/Ch  "lie down"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or

["stand up"/Ch  "lie down"/Ch  "누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back) or
["섰다 [sΛs da]"/Ch  "lie down"/Ch  "lie down"/SCN]/T*/P/S(cp/high, bp/high/back)

from English /S (cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle)  speaking posture, [ŋe ŋi] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.  Etc.


a        ('three quarter circle'  ŋ=  ŋi)/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back)

When trying to speak [ŋe ŋi] from English /C2 speaking posture with coarticulation of English /P & /S (cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle), ['three quarter circle' ŋ= ŋi]  (or ['three quarter circle' ŋ= ŋi]/SCN)  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.         vice versa.

That is, When trying to speak  "['three quarter circle' ŋ= ŋi]/SCN "  from English /S (cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle)  speaking posture, [ŋe ŋi] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*As pronunciations of "lowercase or small letters", /C2 speaking posture is mentioned.


'three quarter circle'  >>  "원 4/3"  >>  "원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]"

Or When trying to speak
('three quarter circle'  ŋ=  ŋi)/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('three quarter circle'  'lie down'  ŋi)/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('three quarter circle'  ŋ=  'stand up')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('three quarter circle'  'lie down'  'stand up')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or

('원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]'  ŋ=  ŋi)/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]'  'lie down'  ŋi)/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]'  ŋ=  'stand up')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]'  'lie down'  'stand up')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or

('three quarter circle'  '누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]'  ŋi)/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('three quarter circle'  ŋ=  '섰다 [sΛs da]')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('three quarter circle'  '누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]'  'stand up')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('three quarter circle'  'lie down'  '섰다 [sΛs da]')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('three quarter circle'  '누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]'  '섰다 [sΛs da]')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or

('원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]'  '누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]'  ŋi)/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]'  ŋ=  '섰다 [sΛs da]')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or

('원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]'  '누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]'  'stand up')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]'  'lie down'  섰다 [sΛs da]')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back) or
('원 사 분의 삼 [ŋ(uΛ)n sa bun ŋ= ŋi sam]'  'l누었다 [nu ŋΛs da]'  '섰다 [sΛs da]')/SCN /C2/P* /S (cp/high, bp/high/back)

from English /S (cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle)  speaking posture, [ŋe ŋi] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced. Etc.


B               [di/SCN  di/SCN]      or      (ŋi  'three quarter circle'/Ch ŋi 'circle half '/Ch)/SCN

b                        (ŋi  'three quarter circle'/Ch/SCN)

C                     ('three quarter circle')               /T/P*/S (cp/high, bp/high/back)

c                     ('three quarter circle'/SCN)                 /C2/P*/S (cp/high, bp/high/back)

D                     (ŋi  'three quarter circle'/Ch)                     /T

d                      ('three quarter circle'/SCN  ŋi)

E                         "이 으 으 으"          [ŋi  ŋ=  ŋ=  ŋ=]

e                       ('three quarter circle'/SCN  ŋ=/SCN)

F                              "이 으 으"        [ŋi  ŋ=  ŋ=]

f                            ('quarter circle'/CON   ŋi/SCN   ŋ=/CON)

G                          'three quarter circle'    (ŋ=   ŋi)/CON

g                           ('three quarter circle'    ŋi)/SCN      'quarter circle'/CON/Ch

H                               "ŋi      ŋ=      ŋi"

h                             ŋi   ('quarter circle'/Ch   ŋi)/SCN

I                             [ŋ=/CON    ŋi    ŋ=/CON]

i                                     dot   ŋi/SCN

J                         ŋ=/CON    ŋi    'quarter circle'/Ch/CON

j                        dot    ŋ=/CON    ŋi    'quarter circle'/Ch/CON

K                              ŋi   (ŋi    ŋ=)/Ch

k                         [ŋi    (ŋi    ŋ=)/Ch]/SCN

L                               ŋi        ŋ=

l                                     ŋi

M                      ŋi    ŋ=/Ch   ŋi/Ch    ŋi

m              (ŋi/SCN    'circle half'/CON/Ch    ŋi/SCN    'circle half'/CON /Ch      ŋi/SCN)
 
N                          ŋi      ŋ=/Ch    ŋi

n                       (ŋi/SCN    'circle half'/CON/Ch      ŋi/SCN)

O                               'elongated circle'

o                                     circle/SCN

P                            ŋi      'three quarter circle'/Ch/SCN

p                            ŋi      'three quarter circle'/Ch/SCN

Q                    'elongated circle'     'quarter circle'/CON

q                              (three quarter circle'        ŋi)/SCN

R                     ŋi         ('three quarter circle'     ŋ=)/Ch/SCN

r                              (ŋi/SCN     'quarter circle'/CON)

S                    ('three quarter circle'    'three quarter circle'/Ch)/SCN
    
s                    ('three quarter circle'    'three quarter circle'/Ch)/CON

T                                  ŋ=       ŋi

t                      ŋ=/SCN        ŋi        'quarter circle'/CON

U                           (ŋi  'circle half'/Ch   ŋi)
    
u                           (ŋi  'circle half'/Ch   ŋi)/SCN

V                               (ŋ=   ŋi)/Ch

v                              (ŋ=   ŋi)/Ch/SCN

W                            (ŋ=  ŋi  ŋ=  ŋi)/Ch             (or  ['v= ŋi'  'v= ŋi'])

w                        (ŋ=  ŋi  ŋ=  ŋi)/Ch/SCN            (or  ['v= ŋi'  'v= ŋi']/SCN)

X *(S/Ch)               (V         'invert V')/SCN         or     (ŋ=  ŋi  ŋi  ŋ=)/Ch/SCN

x                       (V         'invert V')/CON          or     (ŋ=  ŋi  ŋi  ŋ=)/Ch/CON


S ess /es/
X ex /eks/

When trying to speak [si] from English /S speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [ŋe s=] (or "es") is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
And when trying to speak [si] from English /S/Ch speaking posture which has cp/high & bp/high/back in the mouth circle, [ŋek s=] (or "eks") is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


Y                               [(ŋ=    ŋi)/Ch     ŋi]/SCN

y                                (ŋ=/SCN      ŋi)/Ch

Z                              ŋ=        ŋi/Ch       ŋ=

z                              (ŋ=        ŋi/Ch       ŋ=)/SCN

Send this message to email View Printable version
DATE: 2012.05.31 - 12:23


 Prev message stem cell,    snafu/Supermoon/derby,     Luzon Sea, South China Sea,     Financial Derivatives,        Big Ben,        K2
 Next message >>  Corrected                               "J *(Y/Ch),  Q *(Z/Ch)  &  X *(S/Ch)", English
WriteDeleteEditReplyView Search list

596Simple view***   NOTICE (공지) :   member registration (sign in) for LOGIN,        (LOGIN을 위한 회원 가입) Y... 2013.01.04
595Simple view                         January/Janus,                  February/March/April/May/June/July Y... 2012.10.14
594Simple view   European Union (EU),            Quantum field theory (QFT),       spacetime,      relativity,         Einstein Y... 2012.10.14
593Simple viewGPCR,    'quantum mechanics'     'quantum state'     'subatomic particle'     quark,   photon,     'quantum optics' Y... 2012.10.12
592Simple viewParkinson's disease,      Nobel Prize,    TNT,     quantum,    'quantum computer'    'quantum electronics'     laser Y... 2012.10.11
591Simple viewInfluenza viruses,   bubonic plague,   Lou Gehrigs disease,    visa,   Dracula,    DNA/RNA,    stem cell,   iPS cell Y... 2012.10.09
590Simple viewHarvest moon,  Thanksgiving Day,  Oktoberfest,          bacteria/virus/norovirus/vaccine/cancer/genome/rotavirus Y... 2012.10.03
589Simple viewplanet/Earth/Mars/Venus/Uranus/Neptune/Mercury/Jupiter/Pluto/Saturn,      El Nio,  La Nia,     Global warming Y... 2012.10.01
588Simple viewSARS,     Antibiotic,     SAT,       Medicare/Medicaid,       Salmonella,       Alzheimer,       autism,       Moon River Y... 2012.09.27
587Simple view'US dollar'   'US coins'   'State Quarters'      'Seal of the United States'   'E pluribus unum'     Canada, South Africa Y... 2012.09.24
586Simple view'Stay Away From Seattle Day'   nanny, HIV/AIDS,   superbug,  'avian flu', Tamiflu,  GMO,   'National Singles Week' Y... 2012.09.20
585Simple viewrather/quick/question/laconic/scan/boycott/outlaw/amount/fee, precipitate, bless,/regretful/formidable/automatic Y... 2012.09.16
584Simple viewcomplete, fey, damned, important, saving, elder, blatant, tsar, humor, chortle, exist, assure, net, complex, empty Y... 2012.09.16
583Simple view'iuΛ*a//o/='          sex, torturous/tortuous, reaction, accessory, complement/compliment, boast, advance, occur Y... 2012.09.16
582Simple view>>                                        Vowel chart                        (& glossary) Y... 2012.09.16
581Simple view'negative prefix/suffix'       'Labor Day'             'Capital cities' (Washington DC)     'capitals in USA'         WSPD Y... 2012.09.09
580Simple view'Gabrielle Dee 'Gabby' Giffords'       'Assassination of John F. Kennedy'       'schwa ∂ (Λ)'     'be' - inflection,      lingerie Y... 2012.08.28
579Simple view'Phonetics between West/East astrology'                  'Why gold/silver/bronze medal?'                   'why left-handed??' Y... 2012.08.14
578Simple view>>                                        other left-handed celebrities Y... 2013.08.14
577Simple viewColo. James Eagen Holmes   <bad name>          The Dark Knight Rises.            Batman,                  Schizophrenia Y... 2012.08.01
576Simple viewPeter Higgs, <Higgs boson>              Korea, 한국 [han gug], 韓國 or 瀚國 ??             swastika; Why Buddhist symbol?? Y... 2012.07.22
575Simple viewJapan/China/Vietnam/Thai-/Cambodia/Laos/Burma/Malaysia/Indonesia/Brunei/Singapore/Philippines/Taiwan/Okinawa Y... 2012.07.12
574Simple view         Who/how made English/German/French spellings??               'Indo-European'       Aryan Y... 2012.07.03
573Simple viewso-called,   self-styled,   various,  different,   practically,   service,  nest,     alternative/alternate,     otherwise/other Y... 2012.07.02
572Simple viewsmart,  rarely,  only,  reduction,  group,  'can't help but',  suffer,  evoke,  careen,  able,  just,  fair/fairly,  good/well Y... 2012.07.02
571Simple viewhubbub, prison, dungeon, situation, belfry, dinner, banquet, loaf, dress, require, prefer/preferable, raid, same, bad Y... 2012.06.29
570Simple viewdoubt, quiz, fire, challenged, mutual, crucial, moot, firstly, right, worry, race, vogue, 'look to', revolution, need/must Y... 2012.06.26
569Simple view'oui*aΛ='    data, dope, comptroller, regard, valediction, hassle, obviate, eliminate, harass, scold, rap, 'riot act' Y... 2012.06.26
568Simple viewstem cell,    snafu/Supermoon/derby,     Luzon Sea, South China Sea,     Financial Derivatives,        Big Ben,        K2 Y... 2012.06.12
567Now reading          common/same  (phonetic) structure  in  Korean,  Chinese,  Japanese  &  English  alphabets/characters Y... 2012.05.31
566Simple view>>  Corrected                               "J *(Y/Ch),  Q *(Z/Ch)  &  X *(S/Ch)", English Y... 2013.02.21
565Simple viewgrieve/speed/fact/lingo,     Amish,     Scarborough/Panatag Shoal,      Parece Vela, (沖ノ鳥島), 冲鸟礁, Okinotorishima Y... 2012.05.04
564Simple view'uio*a/Λ/='    wish/series/fellow/item/period,   be/strike, affect/effect, dare,   very/dig/theme/fun/gambit/discomfit Y... 2012.05.04
563Simple viewPAC,   individual,         동해東海/일본해日本海/한국해韓國海,         and/or,    fraud,    'hedge fund',   'hall of fame',   arse Y... 2012.04.15
562Simple viewtemple/fiction/legend/status/group/impeach/lay/set/emotional,    percent(age), sack/fire,      'modal aux.'  dilemma Y... 2012.04.06
561Simple view'=ui*a/Λ/o'    ketchup/pickle/advise/holler,  'powerful/mighty, metathesis'  bad(ly), intense/medium, impact/contact Y... 2012.04.06
560Simple viewa/an/the/every/one/that/those,          flea market, Niagara/commencement,           supercalifragilisticexpialidocious Y... 2012.03.20
559Simple viewsimilarity between English & Korean/Seoul articulations (articulation of /abD or /abThr),         Nestorius & Prester John Y... 2012.03.11
558Simple viewlb/eg/etc.     Spanish/Basque/Catalan/~     Korean's,  'of ^Korean^ culture'     'head/tail consonants'    'worm moon' Y... 2012.03.08
557Simple viewSenkaku せんか Islands, 釣魚台群島,       Hokkaido/Ainu, Sakhalin/Сахалин,       Liancourt Rocks 독도,  Tsushima Y... 2012.03.06
556Simple view釣魚台群島/尖閣諸島, 琉球諸島, 南西諸島, 薩南諸島, 吐噶喇列島, 沖縄諸島, 慶良間諸島, 先島諸島, 宮古列島, 八重山諸島 Y... 2013.05.05
555Simple view Socotra Rock 이어도,      Falklands,       Paracel Islands,       Spratly Islands,     Yonaguni 與那國,     Hans Island Y... 2012.04.20
554Simple viewslave/Slav,    'Black History Month'    bidet/shampoo/doomsday,   'six pack abs'    birdie/par,     Sparta/Athens Y... 2012.02.18
553Simple viewavenge, scold, anxious, 'auxiliary verb', off, ugly/clever, absolute (term), like, run, able, hardly,           M&M Y... 2012.02.13
552Simple viewacquiesce, check, get, numb, coward, amount, principal, couple, husband, pair, set,  (ad)dress,  'call oneself' Y... 2012.02.13
551Simple viewfounder/flounder, author, passed/past, permit (of), way(s), ticket, race, series, (a)wake(n), mean(s), comprise Y... 2012.02.13
550Simple viewbug, contrast, vulgar, distinct(ive), crucial, contrast,  practicable/practical,  alternative/alternate, role, need Y... 2012.02.13
549Simple view'ui=*a/Λ/o'  act(ion), credentialed, best, spree, plane, number, 'look to', ilk, chagrin, senior/downsize, hassle Y... 2012.02.13
548Simple view>> Corrected                                  "verb /C1 & /S" Y... 2012.04.06
547Simple view       +'Phonetic study  on  English  nouns'        < Lingering of articles >        'definite/indefinite article' Y... 2012.02.13
546Simple view>>         'English  verb/adjective/adverb'     (derived nouns)               < have / be as v.aux. > Y... 2012.02.13
545Simple view             Mr.   Mrs.   씨,   さん,   氏              English/Korean/Japanese/Chinese  honorifics Y... 2012.02.13
544Simple view'Lost Generation',         'black hole'           Pearl S. Buck,          ** Beethoven **         <periodic table> Y... 2011.12.09
543Simple viewThomas Mann,   Ernest Hemingway,   Winston Churchill,   Rabindranath Tagore,    *Albert Einstein*   川端 康成 Y... 2011.11.25
542Simple view   Jane Austen,   Franz Kafka,   Virginia Woolf,   James Joyce,   Ezra Pound,   Gustave Flaubert,   George Sand Y... 2011.11.21
541Simple viewnickname,  'slave states'   'Roman numeral'    Conan Doyle,   Charles Baudelaire,   Mark Twain,    Helen Keller Y... 2011.11.21
540Simple viewIndian/Interlingua,     Leyzer Zamenhof,   'a pair of scissors',     Benjamin Franklin,    Poe/Yeats,   H. G. Wells Y... 2011.11.09
539Simple view'Occupy Wall -'    adjectives;    'US' Presidents'  Lincoln/Washington/Jefferson,   'Declaration of Independence' Y... 2011.11.02
538Simple view    Herman Melville,  G. A. Henty,  Oliver Wendell Holmes,  John Greenleaf Whittier,    James Russell Lowell Y... 2011.10.28
537Simple viewJoseph Conrad,  Lawrence/Hogarth,  Flinders Petrie,  Amelia Edwards,  Gaston Maspero,  Nathaniel Hawthorne Y... 2011.10.21
536Simple view    George Bernard Shaw,        William Archer,  Alfred Sutro,  Maurice Maeterlinck,  Henrik Ibsen,   Maupassant Y... 2011.10.15
535Simple viewBalzac,  Charles Dickens,    Leo Tolstoy,  Fyodor Dostoevsky,   Pushkin/Gogol/Gorky/Turgenev,  Anton Chekhov Y... 2011.10.12
534Simple viewJohn Dryden,  Jonathan Swift,  Alexander Pope,  William Cowper,  John Fletcher,       Walter Scott,     Stendhal Y... 2011.10.05
533Simple viewPliny the Younger,  Petronius, Tacitus,     Martial,  Silius Italicus, Quintilian,     Seneca,   William Lisle Bowles Y... 2011.09.29
532Simple viewSamuel Taylor Coleridge,  William Wordsworth,  Emerson,    Virgil/Ovid/Horace/Statius,   Suetonius,  Juvenal Y... 2011.09.26
531Simple viewAugust Bebel,  Herbert Spencer,            Charles Darwin,        Jean-Baptiste Lamarck,     Thomas Henry Huxley Y... 2011.09.23
530Simple viewEdmund Spenser, Franz Liszt,  Victor Hugo, Alphonse de Lamartine, Heinrich Heine,  Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels Y... 2011.09.17
529Simple viewLilly/Tasso, James Henry Leigh Hunt, Samuel Daniel, Martha Foote Crow, Claudio Monteverdi,  Richard Wagner Y... 2011.09.04
528Simple viewRobert Herrick, Samuel Pepys, William Caxton, Henry B. Wheatley, Swinburne, Christina Rossetti,   Vampyre Y... 2011.09.01
527Simple viewHeinrich Bullinger,  Johannes Brenz,  Georg Joachim Rheticus,  Philipp Melanchthon,  William Alabaster Y... 2011.09.01
526Simple viewPetrus Ramus,  Theodore Beza,  Philip Schaff,  Joachim Westphal,  Franois Hotman,  'The Right to Heresy' Y... 2011.08.07
525Simple viewAdam Smith,  Cassius Dio,    Stephanus,  William Smith,  Pausanias,  Marcus Aurelius, Diogenes Lartius Y... 2011.08.03
524Simple view>> Corrected                                <Moralia> Y... 2011.08.31
523Simple viewTorricelli, Bernoulli, 'Jean le Rond d'Alembert', Diderot, 'Ephraim Chambers', 'Pierre Bayle', 'Laurence Sterne' Y... 2011.07.26
522Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
521Simple viewHero/Vitruvius Apollonius/Diophantus/Theon,       d'Aguilon, 'John Aubrey', 'Franois Vite', Oughtred/Pascal Y... 2011.07.21
520Simple viewCusa/Nunes/Vesalius/Borelli, 'de Vere', Stanley,  Vinci/Michelangelo/Raphael, 'Luca Pacioli',   Vasari/Alberti Y... 2011.07.12
519Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.24
518Simple viewGuicciardini, 'Pico della Mirandola', Frisius*, Nostradamus, 'Sir Philip Sidney', Milton/Chaucer/Boiardo/Cardano Y... 2011.07.05
517Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
516Simple viewShelley/Keats/Byron/Castelli/Orta/Wycliffe/Huss,  'Mary Sidney',  Baf/Montaigne/Buchanan, 'Marie de Gournay' Y... 2011.07.01
515Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
514Simple viewMarlowe/Nashe/Chapman, 'Ben Jonson', 'Beaumont & Fletcher', Marston/Fleay/Glapthorne/Warburton/Brome Y... 2011.06.24
513Simple viewVarro/Catullus/Livy/Sallust,   Ovid/Apuleius/Horace/Lucretius,      Calvin/Servetus/Zwingli/Cranmer/Luther Y... 2011.06.19
512Simple viewSavonarola/Colet/Erasmus/Loyola/Ficino/Mirandola/Gracin/Swedenborg/Ockham/Abelard,    Latin,   'Lex Talio' Y... 2011.06.12
511Simple viewTerence/Menippus/Arcesilaus/Theophras-,  Voltaire/Maupertuis/Schiller/Winckelmann/Rochefoucauld/Cervantes Y... 2011.06.07
510Simple viewBoccaccio/Petrarch/Helvtius/Cesare/Malthus,  Say/Gresham,  Machiavelli/Telesio/Boyle/Bacon/Kepler/Brahe Y... 2011.06.04
509Simple viewHerder/Sanai/Hafez,  Dante, 'Adam Smith', 'Richard Cantillon', 'Henry More', ''Isaac Newton', Ricardo/Bentham Y... 2011.06.01
508Simple viewBerkeley, 'Giordano Bruno', Spinoza/Rousseau/Fichte/Hlderlin/Schelling, 'Jakob Bhme', Hamann/Goethe/Vigo Y... 2011.05.29
507Simple view'Thomas Hobbes' 'John Stuart Mill' 'Arthur Schopenhauer' 'Friedrich Nietzsche' Hegel/Kant/Hume/Locke/Leibniz Y... 2011.05.26
506Simple viewGalileo/Orpheus/Argonautica/Strabo,    'Augustine of Hippo', Neoplatonism/Enneads/Cicero/Anselm/Descartes Y... 2011.05.24
505Simple view                              "English    spelling/vocabulary"                   (Korean connection) Y... 2011.05.19
504Simple viewPyrrho/Galen/Avicenna/Averroes/Maimonides, 'Albertus Magnus', 'Thomas Aquinas', 'Duns Scotus', Copernicus Y... 2011.05.17
503Simple viewArchimedes/Aspasia/Euclid/Hipparchus/Hippocrates/Leonidas/Pericles/Ptolemy/Solon/Themistocles/Epicurus Y... 2011.05.14
502Simple view             Phonetic study    on   German/French   words/sentences Y... 2011.05.13
501Simple view'Milesian school'  'Seven Wonders'  Eleatics/sophism/pluralist/Cynics/Stoic/Montesquieu/Suda/eureka/Vitruvius Y... 2011.05.11
500Simple viewAeschylus/Aesop/Euripides/Hesiod,   Homer/Lucian/Menander/Pindar,  Polybius/Sappho/Sophocles, Alcibiades Y... 2011.05.11
499Simple viewThales/Anaximander/Anaximenes/Pythagoras,  Anaxagoras/Empedocles,  Antisthenes/Diogenes/Crates/Zeno Y... 2011.05.07
498Simple view'geologic era'  'Stone Age'   Yahoo/Google   'Know yourself'   introspection   'Seven Sages'   'material monism' Y... 2011.05.05
497Simple viewSocrates/Thucydides/Plutarch/Herodotus/Xenophon/Aristophanes/Plato/Aristotle/Parmenides/Democritus, etc. Y... 2011.05.04
496Simple view                           phonetic analysis on     Buddha  &  Buddhism Y... 2011.05.04
495Simple viewPhonetic analysis on   Hinduism/Veda/Sanskrit/Prakrit/Zoroaster, Manichaeism/Mani,  Bah' Faith, Bah'u'llh Y... 2011.04.29
494Simple view'net-cutting'  'country music'  'General Zod'      BC/AD  'Independence day'     BCE/CE    '(Before) Common Era' Y... 2011.04.14
493Simple view    'phonetic study on Jesus Christ  &  Moshe'             'Twelve Apostles'              'Hellenistic civilization??' Y... 2011.04.10
492Simple view           translation :           논어(論語)/공자(孔子/Confucius),               etymological analysis Y... 2011.04.08
491Simple view'論語/논어 [non  ŋΛ]  &  Old Testament'       Torah/Pentateuch         'Why Torah, Prophets, Writings, 四書五經' Y... 2011.04.05
490Simple view'lady-in-waiting'  Confucius/Mencius/Laozi/Micius  popcorn  'Generation Y/X'  'Wonder Woman'       I/you    etc. Y... 2011.04.02
489Simple viewfraction/ordinal,   'national flowers'   'Department of State'    'God bless you!'   'daylight saving time'   *BC/AD Y... 2011.03.20
488Simple view"&/and",                  italic,  ride/drive,       Morrison, Messiah/Immanuel,  succeed,     'Virgin Mary'  Joseph Y... 2011.03.15
487Simple viewMoby-Dick     'Coca Cola'       pronouns/4,  'Chinese carry-out'     'days of months'     'leap year (day)'   date Y... 2011.03.04
486Simple view'The Star-Spangled Banner'   &   'God Save the Queen'   &    'Land of Hope and Glory';        national anthems Y... 2011.02.10
485Simple view         'La Marseillaise'              Deutschlandlied              'National anthem of Austria' Y... 2013.05.12
484Simple view'Ask not'/America       months  'days of the week'  day/week/month/year  '(the) first'  hamburger  'Super Bowl' Y... 2011.02.09
483Simple view'passive voice'               'shoe-string budget?'  'you know'  'by the way'  'eh/well'  'blood libel'    'last supper' Y... 2011.01.14
482Simple view'Do I know you?'           'Season's Greetings'  'Auld Lang Syne'      'Christian cross,  resurrection'    'Red Cross' Y... 2011.01.08
481Simple view'Moses & Jesus Christ'            Christ/Jesus,   'Christmas card'   'Why Santa is old man'   MoU,      'Three Magi' Y... 2010.12.25
480Simple view"Shakespeare   &  Plutarch"                  'Sir Thomas More'   'G6'     oneself/myself/ourselves/etc.    ID Y... 2010.12.23
479Simple view'Why wedding dresses are white'              Halloween/제사,  denim, angel(s), eve, Ivy/steak, 'Rhode Island' Y... 2010.12.19
478Simple viewThanksgiving-day,         SantaClaus,           countries,      "silent letter??"     waffle/빈대떡/cupcake Y... 2010.11.26
477Simple view>> More considerations on  "silent letter??";     between GRECOnglish & orthodox English pronunciations Y... 2010.11.27
476Simple view"for the people, by the people, of the people"                          "I have a dream"      yes/no Y... 2010.10.10
475Simple view'it :  imp. v.??'              methinks                               Memorial/Mother's Day,    'hat trick'  franchise/may Y... 2010.06.05
474Simple view"Phonetics/linguistics  &  Bible"                                            "dirty Chinese??" Y... 2010.04.20
473Simple view'aui*Λ/o/='        exigency, need/longing, matter, pressure/force, hurry/rush, weight/postulate/concept/picture Y... 2010.04.05
472Simple view>> Corrected:                   [auiΛ]/S/mES, /S/MS;    [auio]/S/mES, /T/mES, /C1/mES;   [aui=]/P/pES Y... 2010.08.14
471Simple viewview/viewpoint, scheme/surmise/lack/economy/feature,  detail/topic,  item/issue,  point/case,  trifle/matter Y... 2010.04.05
470Simple viewaffair/terrific,  spooky/spook, dreadful/fearsome/awesome/traditional,  customary/familiar,  normal/average Y... 2010.04.05
469Simple viewusual/general,  common/routine, standard, apropos, related/relati-,  germane/cognate, tempor-, fly-by-night Y... 2010.04.05
468Simple viewpassing,  fugitive, 'short-lived', transient/ably/momentarily/amplify/stretch,  expand/wax,  augment/raise Y... 2010.04.05
467Simple viewheighten/lengthen,  embarra-/discountena-,  'show up', offend,  chagrin/vex, mortify/abash,  incarna-/personi- Y... 2010.04.05
466Simple viewrepresent/depict,  illustrate/explicate, codify, manifest, rubbish,  malign/libel,  abuse/mar, decry, blacken Y... 2010.04.05
465Simple viewsignificance/fervour/ebullience,  weight/emphasis, distillation/water/dew/perspiration/moisture/spray/bigotry Y... 2010.04.05
464Simple viewchutzpah', fight, payoff, path,  consequences/end, result(s), verdict,  upshot/event, compatible, consonant Y... 2010.04.05
463Simple viewsociable, convivial,  'dyed in the wool', universal, overall,  total/downright, worldwide,  'far-flung', entire Y... 2010.04.05
462Simple viewwhole/patient,  mild/equab-, kind/generali-/interpola-,  sophisticate/pervert, counsel/instruct,  refine/temper Y... 2010.04.05
461Simple viewhype/razzmatazz, razzle-dazzle, spotlight, play-up, write-up,  champion/uphold, develop,  defend, 'plead for' Y... 2010.04.05
460Simple viewhelp,  advocate/recommend,  puzzle/poser, problem, inconsistency, 'closed book', conundrum, fabrication Y... 2010.04.05
459Simple viewforgery/phony, lie(s), fiction, myth,  fake/counterfeit,  takings, arrest/bust,  catching/espial, trappings/bard Y... 2010.04.05
458Simple viewimprisonment/detenti-, seizure,  dignity, 'self-importa-', decorum/etiquet-,  grandeur/prominen-, proprieties Y... 2010.04.05
457Simple viewsolemnities/gravity,  majesties, 'His Honour, etc.',  destitute, 'down and out',  poor, 'bad(ly) off', 'well-off' Y... 2010.04.05
456Simple viewneedy,  short/low, jovial,  lively, 'full of beans', congenial/ratty/peevish,  sour/tart,  surly/churlish, peppery Y... 2010.04.05
455Simple viewtesty/heady/snappish, unlimited/incomparable/peremptory/complain,  grumble/bellyache, carp/kvetch, groan Y... 2010.04.05
454Simple viewwail/soothe,  'relieve (yourself)', soften/mitigate/scold/blame,  correct/chasten, discipline/censure/advertise Y... 2010.04.05
453Simple viewfortis(?) consonants,                                    Short(?) Program,  Democrat/donkey,  Valentine's Day Y... 2010.02.24
452Simple view>>                                              θ//v/f Y... 2014.03.09
451Simple viewDifference between English & GRECOnglish/GC,                                             pronouns,   'Excuse me.' Y... 2010.01.23
450Simple view'Λui*a/o/=', business/craft, work/occupation, call/job, line/field, condition/symptoms/disorder/appointments Y... 2010.01.06
449Simple view>> Corrections:                                               [Λuia] adjective,       [Λui=] /S/SS Y... 2010.09.18
448Simple viewhorseback-riding?    class, label, creature, gull,   figure/dupe, fitting/fit,    worthy/praiseworthy/worthwhile Y... 2010.01.06
447Simple viewcorrect,  toxic/unhealthful,  deadly/destructive, mortal/killing, choice/prime,  'cool, first-class', select/rare Y... 2010.01.06
446Simple viewbrilliant/marvello-, cracking/mega, coolish/aggregate/assemble/accumula-, test/challenge, look at, research Y... 2010.01.06
445Simple viewexaggerate/emphasise/enlarge/inflate/embroider, frighten/scare/stun/alarm, damp/humidness/opacity/dim Y... 2010.01.06
444Simple viewfaintness/funniness/sport/pleasure/cheerfulness/joy,   understanding/affectionateness/toleration/surd/hard Y... 2010.01.06
443Simple viewdire/awful/dreadful/notable, non-specialist, general/easy/simple/plain/significant/suppose/imagine, believe in Y... 2010.01.06
442Simple view'fancy up', feed, 'eat up', graze/pasture/browse,  'dine out', copulate/shag/bonk,  'have a ball', 'have a fuck' Y... 2010.01.06
441Simple view'have a hump', erase, 'cancel out', excise, 'wipe out', luxury/extra/art/pleasure/love/density/want/parsimony Y... 2010.01.06
440Simple viewdimension/solidity/impenetrability/terror/animosity/dread/horror/fright/awe/deadline,    value/unchangeability Y... 2010.01.06
439Simple viewconstancy,  merit/irreversibility,  quality/unalterability,  caliber/invariability, bad,  kind/humane, good, favour Y... 2010.01.06
438Simple viewcaring/sharp/risky/parlous/ominous/dicey/insecure/ugly/quiescent/yielding/soft/dutiful/willing, patient/serene Y... 2010.01.06
437Simple viewliberal/prodigal, lax/permissive/tender, constancy/stability, lenient/magnanimo-/free/evolve, generate/render Y... 2010.01.06
436Simple viewguarantee/guaranty, delegate/authorize, trust, transfer/transport, hand/give/pass/capture, charm/bewitch Y... 2010.01.06
435Simple viewattract/fascinate,  entrance/trance,  submit/yield/agree/bend/bow/ailment, malaise/instrument/tool/apropos Y... 2010.01.06
434Simple viewtimely/genuine/lethal/terminal/hostile/fine/willing/affable/commix/terrorize/water, kindliness, hand-out Y... 2010.01.06
433Simple viewEnglish/GRECOnglish accent,                   'Happy Holidays',  season, chemistry?         'primary consonants' Y... 2010.01.04
432Simple view'uia*Λ/o/='            mix/mixture;     blend;     compound/composite/composition;     amalgam/amalgamation Y... 2010.01.04
431Simple view>> Corrected:                                             [uia=] /T/MS, /P/mES Y... 2010.08.13
430Simple viewcoalescence; climax; venture; project; risk; scheme;  benefit/beneficiality;  good(ness);  use; gain; reward Y... 2009.12.25
429Simple viewboon; alert; serious; deep; intellectual; scholarly; fit;    appropriate/expropriate; irregular;    asymmetric(al) Y... 2009.12.01
428Simple viewfraternize; socialize; sacrifice; abandon; renounce; forfeit(ure); jilt; disentangle/untangle; generalize (-ise) Y... 2009.12.01
427Simple viewextrapolate; infer; conclude; 'reason out'; universalize; mind; sense; knowledge; wit; corruption/corruptne- Y... 2009.12.01
426Simple view>> Corrections:          mindfulness/mind, sensuousness/sense, wiseness/wisdom, judiciousness/judgement Y... 2009.12.21
425Simple viewgraft; danger(ousness); chance; prospect; optimality/optimization; gawky/gauche; heavy; earnest; true/H?  Y... 2009.12.01
424Simple viewphysical; manual; base; sanguine; expectant; budget; allowance; finance(s); shove; thrust; nudge; knock Y... 2009.12.01
423Simple viewpush; bump; cause; source; spring; agent; opposite; different; enough/enow; lavish; belligerent; conflicting Y... 2009.12.01
422Simple viewoptimize; behave;   act/react; conduct(ion); acquit ; comport; deliberate; consider; think; ponder; debate Y... 2009.12.01
421Simple viewfrighten; scare; petrify;    interweave; intermingle; commingle; alleviate;    trivialize; untangle; shadiness Y... 2009.12.01
420Simple viewrun;   disclose; divulge; evince; defraud; hoodwink;   impart; promulgate; deteriorate; fundi; wonk;   study Y... 2009.12.01
419Simple view"trick or treat"                                   "air force one" Y... 2009.11.06
418Simple view*  'iau*Λ/o/='      mean(s), aid, advantage, vacuum,    (expressive) style, competition, aggression, intrusion Y... 2009.11.04
417Simple view>> Corrected:              [iauΛ] /P/MS, /S/aES, /C1/SS, /P/mES,   [iauo] /C2/MS, /verb,   [iau=] /P/mES Y... 2010.10.05
416Simple view'ill will',    pugnacity/roundabout/wandering, straightforward/natural/frank/dirty/blue, lavish/full/grace/raise Y... 2009.11.04
415Simple viewadvance/boycott/snub, refrain from, stay away -, spurn, throw out, eject/support/bear, hold up, carry/prop Y... 2009.11.03
414Simple viewfame/honour/glory, trouble(someness), inconvenience/solemness/gravity, earnest(ness), soberness/feeling Y... 2009.11.03
413Simple viewsubmission,   philanthropic(al), gracious, almsgiving, positive, confident, hopeful, upbeat,   real(ly), absolute Y... 2009.11.03
412Simple viewperfect/right/complete/shoot/speed/race/rush/tear/dash/pose/present/create/rise,     lead (to),  result (in) Y... 2009.11.03
411Simple viewsave, rescue, recover, salvage,    bail (out), chafe, rub, scratch, rasp, scrape,    foolish(ness), judg(e)ment Y... 2009.11.03
410Simple viewgrotesquery/unpleasingness/verity,   'true fact?' reality, sensuous/sensual, provocative/delicious/delectable Y... 2009.11.03
409Simple viewsteady/beautiful/scenic, savo(u)ry, federate/merge,   unify/unite, consolidate/mingle/coalesce/save/reserve Y... 2009.11.03
408Simple viewstore/collect/vaporize/gasify/aerate,     sublimate/sublime, transpire/hesitate/waver/delay/pause/wait/falter Y... 2009.11.03
407Simple view'compound noun'                Go go go!   White House, northwest, used car,   African-American,   ball games Y... 2009.10.20
406Simple viewdefault [*]/[h]/[=]                   nightline, below, having,  'So many people, so many minds.'  'Mothers Day' Y... 2009.10.16
405Simple viewMrs./Miss/Ms./lady,                   principle of (sur)names,                   Kor-/Eng- sentences              color Y... 2009.10.11
404Simple view'=ia*Λ/o/u'         agent/H? height/representative/minister/agent/deputy/summit/peak, fund(s), mutual/trust Y... 2009.10.04
403Simple view>> Corrections:                   [=iaΛ] /S/mES,   [=iau]/P/noun, /C1/mES,    [=iao]/S/aES,   /P/T/C1/mES,  Y... 2010.08.28
402Simple viewtherapeutic,  lavish/healing/restorative, good(s), corrective/temporary/acting/interim,  strain/stress/strenu- Y... 2009.10.04
401Simple view'stand-in',   'fill-in',   farming, country, rural, rustic, agrarian,   complain, moan, bitch, whine, growl, gripe Y... 2009.10.04
400Simple viewsophisticate/school/train/educate/consecrate,  bless/H? monitor,  'check (out)', program(me), info(rmation) Y... 2009.10.04
399Simple view>> Corrections:                                           "45. monitor"     &     "46.  check (out)" Y... 2009.11.27
398Simple viewproof, submission, reverence, observance, density, compact(ed)ness, impenetrability, thick, close, heavy Y... 2009.10.04
397Simple viewsolid, substantial, defenc(s)e, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear, shoulder, endure, keep Y... 2009.10.04
396Simple viewoscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-) Y... 2009.10.04
395Simple viewsour(ness), vice/viciousness, cruelty, savage(ry), feminine(ness), sex, female(n-), male(n-), masculine(n-) Y... 2009.10.04
394Simple viewterrific, bodacious(ly), boff(o), 'jim-dandy', hopeful, positive, confident, 'can-do', formal(ly), official, regular Y... 2009.10.04
393Simple viewparlous/perilous, '(de)fend (off)',  'cover up', protect/guard/secure/preserve/furnish,  'fit out', stock/supply Y... 2009.10.04
392Simple viewprovision/provide/serialize, 'set up', arrange/form/order/sort/sicken/disgust/revolt, repel/repulse, 'gross out' Y... 2009.10.04
391Simple view>> Corrections:                                              "set up"          (set) Y... 2010.01.18
390Simple view'Why not Gibson Charles?'          'Mr. Gibson' or 'Gibson mister'        'Your Honour'        'English middle name' Y... 2009.09.19
389Simple view'ia=*Λ/o/u'         supplement,      quest,     philanthropic(al), irritative, humanitarian, affronted, sacrifice Y... 2009.09.15
388Simple view>> Corrected Y... 2010.11.20
387Simple viewabandon(ment), focus, center, finish, do, use, '(be) used to', effect, merit, culture, public, spell/charm/lure Y... 2009.09.15
386Simple viewfair(ness), love(liness), neighbo(u)rly, siz(e)ably, wil(l)fully, corpor(e)al, cordial, futile, troubledly, disturbing Y... 2009.09.15
385Simple viewwildish, wild(ly),   loud(ly), cut, sever, divide,   rend, schism,   separate, cast, throw, project, launch, pitch Y... 2009.09.15
384Simple viewshed, consolidate, combine, unite, join,  marry, amalgamate, boundary, limits, obscurity, negligence/neglect Y... 2009.09.15
383Simple viewirresponsibleness, uncertainty, changeability, rough, crude/petro-, homespun, rough-hew(n), 'stylish person' Y... 2009.09.15
382Simple view'in/on demand'  show, express, display, reveal, register, rouse, cause, fire, prompt, ease, moderate, animate Y... 2009.09.15
381Simple viewgrafting;                  greeting;                 "good-bye"                   "forbidden fruit" Y... 2009.09.11
380Simple viewno/though/yes,         (nein/doch/ja)                    "You like it, do you? ΛV" Y... 2009.09.08
379Simple view>> "Don't you like it?"           "The life must go on."           sniper,          Phoenicia,         freemason Y... 2009.09.18
378Simple view'iaΛ*o/u/='   factor, fundament(al), problematic(al),  '(dangling) participle', loose(ly),  'blue chip', large-sized Y... 2009.09.04
377Simple viewpunctuality, promptness, read(il)y, regular(ity), stead(il)y, consistent(ly),  'Kindly yours',  '(double) genitive' Y... 2009.09.04
376Simple viewsimplicity/easiness/clarity, logic(ality), urgency/importan-, need(fulness), gravity, press(ure), hurry/querulo- Y... 2009.09.04
375Simple viewbad-tempered,     hot-tempered, irascible,    'provide (against/for)', 'fit (in)', 'spy (on)',  follow/i? monitor/H? Y... 2009.09.04
374Simple viewagree/-/i? thunder(bolt), cheat(er), sharper,  'confidence man', pledge/v? committal, promise/v? segmented Y... 2009.09.04
373Simple viewsegregative/augmentative/increasable/protractive/celebrative,  'deal in/with', 'trade in', 'build up', scare/-/i? Y... 2009.09.04
372Simple view'iao*Λ/u/='      position/H?   expos,      (have) impact/contact/curb/date/elbow/interview/panic/park/verb? Y... 2009.08.26
371Simple view>> Corrected:                                       [iaou] /S/aES Y... 2010.07.09
370Simple viewcare(fulness),  worry/v?   'seeing eye', old/H? pass, circumspect(ive),    'Indian summer',  oldish, enervate Y... 2009.08.26
369Simple viewverity, truth,  'the true',  factuality, tru(thful)ly,     'Sincerely yours', media blitz, clear/whole/H? wholeness Y... 2009.08.26
368Simple viewunity/cohesion, barrenness, aridness/poorer/unproductivity, technological), propitiatory/atonable/reparative Y... 2009.08.26
367Simple viewoblatory, mockable, mock(up), ironic/sneerful/aggravative, exaggeratively, heightened, join/H? 'wrap (up)' Y... 2009.08.26
366Simple view* 'oia*Λ/u/='  'the more - of',      'holy grail', 'more important(ly)', '(the) more universal',      'bachelor party' Y... 2009.08.21
365Simple view>> Corrected :                                      [oiau]/P/MS/noun,  /mES/verb Y... 2010.09.13
364Simple view'Please be seated',  humidness, damp(ness), moistness, bounty,      plenty, profusion, limit(ation), ultimacy Y... 2009.08.21
363Simple viewbest/highest/finest/choicest, 'succumb to', 'catch in', 'contract of', impermanency/transiency/insecureness Y... 2009.08.21
362Simple view>> Corrected:                               "23.  catch (in)" Y... 2010.09.13
361Simple viewcapableness/means/competency/potency/captainship, complete/H? done, sacred/H? blessed, recap(itulate) Y... 2009.08.21
360Simple view'uai*Λ/o/='       periodic(al),  cyclic(al),  great(ly),    fade (away),  melt (away),    principle(s),  scruple(s) Y... 2009.08.15
359Simple view>> Corrected :                  [uaio]   from /C1/mES,  recreate/+-,    (14.     deleted) Y... 2010.04.11
358Simple viewgloom(ine-), disabled/handicapped, deceptively, copy(write), xerox, safety/safene-, (im)pass(e), im/explicit Y... 2009.08.15
357Simple viewsanctimonious(ly), religiose, disorder(ed)ly, straightforward(ly),   over/underestimate,  miss (out),  way(s) Y... 2009.08.15
356Simple view'aiu*Λ/o/='       hope(fulness),     long(ing),     answerableness,   opportuneness,   benevolent,   over/end Y... 2009.08.11
355Simple view>> Corrected:                                        [aiu=] /P/pES,  /T/pES Y... 2010.10.13
354Simple viewconventional,   davenport,  secretaire,       'government(s); collective n.?'       authorities,   viable/possible Y... 2009.08.10
353Simple viewstereotypic(al), baseball, empty/H? beating,  danger(ousness), clear/H? fine/H?   'intens(iv)e, intent',   past Y... 2009.08.10
352Simple viewwhat/which//that/this/whatever/whose/who/however, although, but, except(ing), and, It is me, both/with Y... 2009.08.07
351Simple view'=ai*Λ/o/u'     porn(o), revelant, continue,  keep(ing-up), maintain,  carry(ing-on), lasting(ness), curiosity Y... 2009.07.31
350Simple viewalienism, exot(ci)sm, revenge, extant, actual(ly), ugly, surly,  current/heart/Hist?  headquarter(s), bake(ry) Y... 2009.07.31
349Simple viewwork(place), observation/concurrency/conformity, fanatic(al), deadly/noticeableness/appearan-/visiblene- Y... 2009.07.31
348Simple viewdouble(ness), fellow,  submission(s),  concentrative(ly),  husband/H?  advance(ment),  purport,  claim/H? Y... 2009.07.31
347Simple viewModifications & Corrections:            'ai=*Λ/o/u' ,      difficultness  >>  difficulty          [ai=u] Y... 2009.09.16
346Simple viewboundary, confine(s), verge(s),   corporate culture, custom(s),    lifestyle,  art(s)ycraft(s)y,    one,    half Y... 2009.07.26
345Simple view(one and) only,   only,   not,  'not only ~ but'   'not-balance',  individual(s),  impeach/formidability/difficulty Y... 2009.07.26
344Simple view>> Corrections:                                 28. difficultness/difficulty Y... 2009.09.16
343Simple viewoffense, Abo,  identify with, politic(al)ly,    n/m dash,   scoot, seeing as (how), 'waste/fade/wither (away)' Y... 2009.07.26
342Simple viewFrench Kiss,   French fry,   French Connection,   French leave,   French maid,   French-German enmity,  - Y... 2009.07.21
341Simple view'Λai*o/u/='     corpor(e)ality, Tombstone,    'more higher',   'might could',   'three mile',  'VAT tax', four-foot Y... 2009.07.17
340Simple view>> Corrected:                                                 [Λai=]/T/MS Y... 2010.09.22
339Simple view'rarely ever',  'couldn't hardly', hard(ly), anticipate/empathy, IOU, insure/complacency, absolute(ness), mum Y... 2009.07.17
338Simple viewunchangeablene-/invariablene-/inalterability/feasibili-/survivab-, grow/vt?  workablene-/corrupti-/viciousne- Y... 2009.07.17
337Simple viewperversion, conscious(ness), consc(ient)ious,    'aware of'   'responsive to'   'cognizant of'   'percipient of' Y... 2009.07.17
336Simple viewtry-to,  solid(ity), substantialness/tangibility/physicality/legitimation, credibleness, greenish, denote, Andy Y... 2009.07.17
335Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='   impulsivity, impetuosity, anxious/eager?, chat(ter), chiefly/centrally, uppermost/foremost/adv? Y... 2009.07.10
334Simple viewstrangle/worrying(ly),  (ad)judge, recap(itulate), (a)bate,  council/counselor,  gown/univ, (ad)dress,  habit Y... 2009.07.10
333Simple viewstreng(k)th, on purpose, aggravate/tease, broad(ly), wide(ly), quiet(ness/ly), on the quiet, alone, sat/-ing? Y... 2009.07.10
332Simple viewforward(s/ly), further(most), favor/v.i?, foster(ing/ed), caution(ary), heed(fulness), (ad)venture, bold(ness) Y... 2009.07.10
331Simple viewpowerful(ly), power(ful), aloud, roaring(ly),     French kiss,    jazz,   'compare with/to', contrast/n?, born(e) Y... 2009.07.10
330Simple view'aio*Λ/u/='   Your-Honour,       Stonehenge,      eas(il)y/2,   safety,  obsession,    Big Apple (NY),  moniker Y... 2009.07.03
329Simple viewitem/also,  fundament(al),         neighbor,        decisive, hard-hitting,    upright(ly), sheer(ly),         need Y... 2009.07.03
328Simple view'oai*Λ/u/='    excess, inordinacy, immoderacy, extravagancy, whitish, light(ly), soft(ly), almight(il)y, (re)lax Y... 2009.06.26
327Simple view>> Corrections:                               [oaiu]            swanky Y... 2010.03.22
326Simple viewdoll, immigrate, remove/v.i.?  'permit of', sanction, sit/set, lemon,    'spelling bee',    'rote learning', 'look to' Y... 2009.06.26
325Simple viewboast/form, bragging(ly), in vain,  lordly/adv?  egotistic(al), a thought, sequent(ial), economic(al), punitory Y... 2009.06.26
324Simple view>> Corrections:                                        26. lordly Y... 2010.03.22
323Simple viewretaliative, bright(ly), historic(al), oblig(at)e, (t)here, this/that,   voiced/voiceless,   like-to, like, 'like(d) to' Y... 2009.06.26
322Simple view'iΛo*a/u/='    gender role, battle with,  media/data/agenda/dirtily/pathetic(al), fair(ly), comply with, evade Y... 2009.06.20
321Simple viewboxwood/parts/quantity, a quantity of, an amount of, a lot, partially/various/more-important(ly), disorderly Y... 2009.06.20
320Simple viewhigh(ly), bull/bear, corporal/comic(al), panicky/hysteric/fleshy/awful(ly), hysteric, /slash, dare, honey/baby Y... 2009.06.19
319Simple view'oiΛ*a/u/='     obsolescent,  big(ly),   'do ~ have or have ~ got?'  'know about'  defense,   '(not) care less' Y... 2009.06.15
318Simple view'best foot' ugly/clever, plain(ly), banal, dullish, 'girl or woman?'  '-person', man/male,  '-ess' mistress/madam Y... 2009.06.15
317Simple view'iΛa*o/u/='    acknowledgements/sensitive/reasonability/formidable,   once/everyday,   commonly/ordinarily Y... 2009.06.08
316Simple viewroutinely, 'in back of'  back/up, back/v?  capacity,  "first lady"  noblewoman, retaliative, snug(ly), warmish Y... 2009.06.08
315Simple viewelements, near(ly), close(ly), godly,  'free gift?'  free(ly), gam,   'double passive'  abhominable,  likely/liable Y... 2009.06.08
314Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='    imperative/alleviate, wrought/wreak, nuts,  vs/v,  proceeding(s), formality/solemnities, taunt Y... 2009.06.02
313Simple view>> Corrected:                       [aiΛu] /P/pES/adjectives/adverbs,     [aiΛ=/P,  /MS/noun] 11. solemnities Y... 2010.04.25
312Simple viewcalumny/self-complacently, roughish, effect/affect, marque, P.S. give up, quantity of, roaringly/selectable Y... 2009.06.02
311Simple view'iΛ=*a/o/u'  full(y)/party/complicated/certain  'We sure are'  invaluable/priceless/irrevocability/irreversibility Y... 2009.05.26
310Simple view>> Corrected:                                         complicated/complex Y... 2009.08.28
309Simple viewphilosophic/stoic/cool/factualness/blind/luxuriant/intrinsic/organic/ambiguous,    cell phone,   (to) no end, - Y... 2009.05.26
308Simple view'=iΛ*a/o/u'   beg the question,  plead guilty,   teaser, huff and puff, look at, low(ly),  TV,  agree to,  toast Y... 2009.05.22
307Simple view>> Corrected:                                              [=iΛo]/S/aES Y... 2010.11.13
306Simple viewdeadline,   justly, unique, fairly, hang out,  quarter to,  repulsive/repellant,  ceremonious,  foully, reflect on Y... 2009.05.20
305Simple view'uiΛ*a/o/='  vulnerableness/signiificancy/impotency, soundly, bad(ly), bad/uptight/perchance, chance upon Y... 2009.05.15
304Simple view>> Corrections:                    difficultness  >>   exactingness       [uiΛo] Y... 2009.09.16
303Simple viewheadline,  especially/quieten/empathize/heal, await-for, everywhere, long (for), ill-temper, preside (over), - Y... 2009.05.15
302Simple view<<iΛu*a/o/=>>    medicine/pilot/crowd/feign,     'see television'   'hear radio'      lone(li)ly,  'only terrible' Y... 2009.05.11
301Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>   check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
300Simple viewdisorder(ed)ly, check(ed),   chess/check,  'part and parcel'  blatant/outright(ly), 'pillow sham' 'of course' Y... 2009.05.11
299Simple view'Λio*a/u/='     (im)possible/answerable/chargeable/TB/utilize,    'incomparable adj. equal'   'center (on)' - Y... 2009.05.04
298Simple view>> Corrected:                                    [Λio=] /P/pES/adjectives Y... 2010.07.05
297Simple view'very best'  estimate, shy/short,  'sort of',  (im)practicable, proportional, wild(ly), waits,  'check out it' - Y... 2009.05.04
296Simple view'oΛi*a/u/='   exceptional/lowly/fantastical/absurd(ness),  sick and tired,  nauseous/fundament(al)/(re)lax Y... 2009.04.27
295Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
294Simple viewbasic(ity)/organic(ity)/basically/sick(ly)/ID/good(ness)/why/where/entertainment/awful(ly), loads (of), - Y... 2009.04.27
293Simple view'Λia*o/u/='  follow-up, help, old-salt, sacrosanctity/still(y)/tip/anarchic(al)/exhilarative/capture/casino/- Y... 2009.04.20
292Simple view>> Corrections:   [Λiao]/verb   from /T/mES           &           To: Farlex, Inc. thefreedictionary.com Y... 2009.11.02
291Simple view'aΛi*o/u/='      role, act(ion), pro/professor, older/elderly, suss (out), git/gots, transformation, sociable Y... 2009.04.13
290Simple view>> Corrected:                                [aΛio/P,  noun/MS],   [aΛiu] /P/mES/verb,   [aΛi=]/S/mES Y... 2010.11.09
289Simple viewgroup/warm,  send/idioms,  experiment-with,  sure(ly),  absent, away, gone,  certain, convince, proven Y... 2009.04.13
288Simple view'Λi=*a/o/u'    simple/full/inward/inside/fine/soft   'enough glad' 'beautiful something'   else/tight/just/fair Y... 2009.04.06
287Simple viewstraightforward/stiff/firm  'all but' '- could care less' 'all of a sudden'  specialized/quick/swift/technologic Y... 2009.04.06
286Simple view'=Λi*a/o/u'   comprise/consist, fair(ly), 'fair up/off', 'mild (down)', pretty/very, unawarely, (un)aware-of Y... 2009.03.30
285Simple viewbeware,   'nice of/for ~ to do'   'these/all kind(s) of'   eas(il)y,  friend(li)ly,  route,  suspicious,  light(ly) Y... 2009.03.30
284Simple view'Λiu*a/o/='  want-for, wish, whether/if/that/when, but-what/that, would/should, touching/about, social Y... 2009.03.23
283Simple viewtetragraph 'uΛi*a/o/='    English accent/stress,  German/French, never,  'I will make not it',  mean/break Y... 2009.03.17
282Simple viewsimilar-as,  comparable-with,   (in)famous,  fine(ly),  continual,   'let/leave, permit',  'rather: had better' Y... 2009.03.17
281Simple view'a=o, a=Λ, Λ=o'           lit, definitive, optimum,  fortuitous/felicitous,  dairy, absolutely, partly,  passing Y... 2009.03.09
280Simple view>> Corrected:                         [Λ=o] /S/mES & /S/MS,            definitive/definite Y... 2010.07.06
279Simple view'aΛ=, =aΛ, =ou, Λ=a' purpose'ful'ly, of-choice, alternate, every-cars, of-any, at-all, any-better, any-old Y... 2009.03.09
278Simple vieweach-and-every, either/one-of, he-or-she, neither/none/they, 'all (of)', used-up, hopefully, (a)wake(n) Y... 2009.03.03
277Simple view'oΛ=, =oΛ, Λa=, =Λa'  all-and-sundry, several-of-the, funny/silly/go, all-that, be-all, like-to-went, close Y... 2009.02.23
276Simple view'uaΛ, ua=, oΛa, uoΛ'  awful(ly), bad(ly), foul/culture/finalize, in-fine, at-large, believe-in, healthful,  ŋ*h Y... 2009.02.17
275Simple view>> Corrections :                            [ua=] /T/mES Y... 2013.07.18
274Simple view'=ua, a=u, Λ=u, =uo'     search-for, soldier/sc(k)eptical,  quick(ly), all-of-a-sudden, in-earnest, for-sure Y... 2009.02.09
273Simple view>> Corrections:                          [a=u] /P/pES             "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2011.02.12
272Simple viewmean/excellent, opt/cope, elementary-school, Volksschule, digraph, physiognomy/2, GRECOnglish-sound Y... 2009.02.09
271Simple view>> Corrected:           " How do English-mother-tongue people mimic GRECOnglish sounds?" Y... 2009.02.25
270Simple view'o=a, o=Λ, o=u, uo='       fellow,  queer/gay,  barbarianism,  quote,  gossamered,  'patch up it'    prep/8 Y... 2009.02.02
269Simple view>> Corrected:                                          [uo=]/S/aES/verb Y... 2010.07.01
268Simple view'u=a, u=Λ, u=o, ou='     ugly/balky,  clever/affable,  'in vain'  sanguine/sanguinary/bloodthirsty,   prep/7 Y... 2009.01.27
267Simple viewso-as-to-help; for; for-the-sake-of; on-behalf-of; instead-of; in-service-of; toward(s); lasting;    etc. Y... 2009.01.23
266Simple view'auo, Λau, au=, =au'    transitive/intransitive,   kindly/please,  kindly/adjective?   'of: owned-by'  ya/yep Y... 2009.01.21
265Simple view>> Corrections: