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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | brd2 | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, main :::


596 12 View counter   Join Member Login Admin
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   Parkinson's disease,      Nobel Prize,    TNT,     quantum,    'quantum computer'    'quantum electronics'     laser

1.                  Parkinson's disease,         "James Parkinson",          "Jean-Martin Charcot"
A)
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Parkinson's+disease ,    
Parkinson's disease (also known as Parkinson's, Parkinson disease, or PD) is a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that impairs motor skills, cognitive processes, and other functions. The most obvious symptoms are motor-related, including tremor, rigidity, slowness of movement, and postural instability. Among non-motor symptoms are autonomic dysfunction and sensory and sleep difficulties. Cognitive and neurobehavioral problems, including dementia, are common in the advanced stages of the disease. PD usually appears around the age of 60, although there are young-onset cases.


"Parkinson's disease"                    ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "old man"/P)/Ch                    "old man"

Parkinson ^'s^ disease  >>  "Parkinson disease"                </LH;  liaison-hole (word)>

*                 "Parkinson disease"  >>  "PD" /mGC/abR  >>  "Parkinson's" /mGC/abE


*    "old man" >> "a degenerative disorder" /GC/P/abR/+bp >> "of the central nervous system" /GC/P/abR/+cp >> "that impairs motor skills" /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> "cognitive processes" /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> "and other functions" /GC/P/abE/+bp >> "The most obvious symptoms" /GC/P/abE/+cp >> "are motor-related" /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> "including tremor" /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> rigidity /GC/S/abR/+bp >> "slowness of movement" /GC/S/abR/+cp >> "and postural instability" /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> "Among non-motor symptoms" /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> "are autonomic dysfunction" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "and sensory" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> "and sleep difficulties" /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> Cognitive /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> and /mGC/abR/+bp >> neurobehavioral /mGC/abR/+cp >> problems /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> including /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp >> dementia /mGC/abE/+bp >> are /mGC/abE/+cp >> common /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> in /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp

"Parkinson's disease" >> the /GC/P/abR/+bp >> advanced /GC/P/abR/+cp >> stages /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> the /GC/P/abE/+bp >> disease /GC/P/abE/+cp >> P /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> D /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> usually /GC/S/abR/+bp >> ~ ~ ~


PD is also called "primary parkinsonism" or "idiopathic PD" (meaning having no known cause), although some cases have a genetic origin. Many risk and protective factors have been investigated, showing an increased risk of PD in those exposed to pesticides; and a reduced risk in smokers. Symptoms result from insufficient formation and action of dopamine produced in the dopaminergic neurons of the midbrain (specifically the substantia nigra). Pathologically the disease is characterized by the accumulation of alpha-synuclein protein forming inclusions called Lewy bodies. Such pathology can only be demonstrated at autopsy so diagnosis is mainly clinical (based on symptoms). Some tests such as neuroimaging techniques can also aid in diagnosis.

*               "PD" /mGC/abR  >>  "primary parkinsonism" /P  >>  "idiopathic PD" /C2

"having no known cause"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/S + "idiopathic PD"/GC/S/abT)/Ch                   "idiopathic PD"


Current treatments are effective at managing the early motor symptoms of the disease, through the use of levodopa, dopamine agonists and MAO-B inhibitors. As the disease advances, however, the continued use of medications leads to a second stage in which the patient develops motor complications called dyskinesias. Medications to treat other symptoms of PD also exist. Diet and some forms of rehabilitation have shown some effectiveness at mitigating symptoms, and surgery and deep brain stimulation may be used to reduce motor symptoms in the most extreme cases.

The disease is named after English surgeon James Parkinson, who gave the first detailed description of it in "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy" (1817). PD is a costly disease to society. Several major organizations promote research and improvement of quality of life of those with the disease and their families. Research directions include a search of new animal models of the disease, and investigations of the potential usefulness of gene therapy, stem cells transplants and neuroprotective agents. Advocacy actions include April 11, birthday of James Parkinson, as the world's Parkinson's disease day, and the use of a red tulip as the symbol of the disease. People with PD who have greatly affected public awareness include Michael J. Fox and Muhammad Ali.



B)                              James Parkinson
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/James+Parkinson ,    
Born                   11 April 1755 (1755-04-11)                              Shoreditch, London
Died                  21 December 1824 (1824-12-22) (aged 69)

"11th"                    (J/GC/S/abT + "-ames Parkinson"/C2)                     "James Parkinson"
April                    (J/GC/S/abT + "-ames Parkinson"/C2)/Ch                     "James Parkinson"
"1755"                    (J/GC/S/abT + "-ames Parkinson"/C2)/Ch/+cp                    "James Parkinson"
"Shoreditch, London"                    (J/GC/S/abT + "-ames Parkinson"/C2)/Ch/+bp                    "James Parkinson"

"21st"                    (J/GC/S/abT + "-ames Parkinson"/P)                     "James Parkinson"
December                     (J/GC/S/abT + "-ames Parkinson"/P)/Ch                     "James Parkinson"
"1824"                     (J/GC/S/abT + "-ames Parkinson"/P)/Ch/+cp                    "James Parkinson"


>>  He is most famous for his 1817 work, An Essay on the Shaking Palsy, in which he was the first to describe "paralysis agitans", a condition that would later be renamed Parkinson's disease by Jean-Martin Charcot.

*  "James Parkinson" >> "An Essay on the Shaking Palsy" /mGC/abE/+cp >> "1817" /mGC/abE/+cp/Ch >> "paralysis agitans" /GC/P/abR/+bp

**   "paralysis agitans" /GC/P/abR/+bp/Ch  >>  "Parkinson's disease" /P  >>  "Jean-Martin Charcot" /P/Ch



C)                             Jean-Martin Charcot
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Jean-Martin+Charcot ,    

Born             November 29, 1825(1825-11-29)                  Paris, France
Died                August 16, 1893(1893-08-16)                  Lac des Settons, Nièvre

"29th"                    (J/C2 + "-ean-Martin Charcot"/S)                     "Jean-Martin Charcot"
November                    (J/C2 + "-ean-Martin Charcot"/S)/Ch                     "Jean-Martin Charcot"
"1825"                    (J/C2 + "-ean-Martin Charcot"/S)/Ch/+cp                    "Jean-Martin Charcot"
"Paris, France"                    (J/C2 + "-ean-Martin Charcot"/S)/Ch/+bp                    "Jean-Martin Charcot"

"16th"                    (J/C1+ "-ean-Martin Charcot"/S)                     "Jean-Martin Charcot"
August                     (J/C1+ "-ean-Martin Charcot"/S)/Ch                     "Jean-Martin Charcot"
"1893"                     (J/C1+ "-ean-Martin Charcot"/S)/Ch/+cp                    "Jean-Martin Charcot"
"Lac des Settons, Nièvre"                     (J/C1+ "-ean-Martin Charcot"/S)/Ch/+bp                    "Jean-Martin Charcot"

>>        He is known as "the founder of modern neurology"

*         "Jean-Martin Charcot"  >>  "the founder of modern neurology" /mGC/abE/+bp



2.                     "How does Nobel (Peace) Prize have come into being??"
              Why physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and economics, peace ??


"Nobel Peace Prize"                          (dy/P + namite/T)/Ch                        dynamite

"Nobel Prize"                                 (b/T + omb/P)                                   bomb

That is,
when speaking "dynamite",  if articulating "dy" (of "dynamite") from English Primary /P chest /Ch speaking posture and articulating "namite" (of "dynamite") from English/Phoenician /T chest /Ch speaking posture,
"Nobel Peace Prize" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And
when speaking "bomb",  if articulating "b" (of "bomb") from English/Phoenician /T speaking posture and articulating "omb" (of "bomb") from English Primary /P speaking posture,
"Nobel Prize" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Nobel+prize ,  
Any of the six international prizes awarded annually by the Nobel Foundation for outstanding achievements in the fields of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature, and economics and for the promotion of world peace.

physics                           (N/P + "-obel Prize"/T)/Ch                           "Nobel Prize"
chemistry                         (N/S + "-obel Prize"/C2)/Ch                         "Nobel Prize"
physiology                        (N/C2 + "-obel Prize"/P)/Ch                         "Nobel Prize"
medicine                          (N/C2 + "-obel Prize"/S)/Ch                         "Nobel Prize"
literature                       (N/GC/S/abT + "-obel Prize"/P)/Ch                     "Nobel Prize"
economics                      (N/GC/S/abT + "-obel Prize"/S)/Ch                    "Nobel Prize"


http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Dynamite ,    
Word History:   The same man who gave us dynamite gave us the Nobel Peace Prize, an irony that was surely not lost on the pacifistic Alfred Nobel himself. It is perhaps less well known that Nobel also contributed the word dynamite. Coined in Swedish in the form dynamit, the word was taken from Greek dunamis, "power," and the Swedish suffix -it, which corresponds to the English suffix -ite used in various scientific fields. Greek dunamis also gave us words such as dynamic and dynamo and itself probably goes back to the verb dunasthai, "to be able," from which comes English dynasty.


Dynamite                                 (b/T + omb/P)/Ch                                   bomb

*                              Dynamite  >>  dynamit /mGC/abE

**   dynamit /mGC/abE/Ch >> dunamis /P >> Greek /P/Ch >> Power /P/+bp >> "-it" /T/+bp >> "Swedish suffix" /T/Ch/+bp >> "-ite" /S >> "English suffix" /S/Ch/+bp >> used /C1/Ch/+cp >> "in various scientific fields" /C1/Ch/+bp


dynamic                                  (d/P + unamis/S)                                 dunamis
dynamo                                  (d/P + unamis/C2)                                dunamis
dunasthai                             (d/P + unamis/GC/S/abT)                            dunamis

*                dunasthai  >>  "to be able" /mGC/abE  >>  dynasty /mGC/abE/Ch



3.                                        TNT

"TNT"                                   (b/P + omb/T)/Ch                                     bomb

*                    "TNT"  >>  trinitrotoluene /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp

Since "trinitrotoluene" has been derived from "TNT",
we can not say that "TNT" is abbreviation of "trinitrotoluene".


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Trinitrotoluene ,    

IUPAC name       2-methyl-1,3,5-trinitrobenzene
Other names      2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene,
TNT, Trilite, Tolite, Trinol, Trotyl, Tritolo, Tritolol, Triton, Tritone, Trotol, Trinitrotoluol,
2,4,6-Trinitromethylbenzene

Trilite                                  (t/T + [-i NT]/S)                                  "TNT [ti -]"
Tolite                                 (t/T + [-i NT]/C2)                                  "TNT [ti -]"
Trinol                               (t/T + [-i NT/GC/S/abT)                             "TNT [ti -]"
Trotyl                                  (t/P + [-i NT]/S)                                  "TNT [ti -]"
Tritolo                            (t/P + [-i NT]/GC/S/abT)                               "TNT [ti -]"
Tritolol                                  (t/S + [-i NT]/P)                                 "TNT [ti -]"
Triton                                  (t/S + [-i NT]/C2)                                "TNT [ti -]"
Tritone                                 (t/C2 + [-i NT]/P)                                "TNT [ti -]"
Trotol                              (t/C2 + [-i NT]/GC/S/abT)                            "TNT [ti -]"
Trinitrotoluol                           (t/GC/S/abT + [-i NT]/T)                         "TNT [ti -]"

"2,4,6-Trinitromethylbenzene"                    (t/T + [-i NT]/P)/Ch                    "TNT [ti -]"
"2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene"                        (t/T + [-i NT]/S)/Ch                       "TNT [ti -]"

"2-methyl-1,3,5-trinitrobenzene"                    (t/P + [-i NT]/C2)/Ch                    "TNT [ti -]"


Trinitrotoluene (famously known and abbreviated as TNT), or more specifically, 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compound with the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3. This yellow-colored solid is sometimes used as a reagent in

 chemical synthesis, but it is best known as a useful explosive material with convenient handling properties. The explosive yield of TNT is considered to be the standard measure of strength of bombs and other explosives. In chemistry, TNT is used to generate charge transfer salts.


*    "TNT" >> "a chemical compound" /GC/P/abR/+bp >> "with the formula" /GC/P/abR/+cp >> C /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> "6" /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> H /GC/P/abE/+bp >> "2" /GC/P/abE/+cp >> N /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> O /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> "2" /GC/S/abR/+bp >> "3" /GC/S/abR/+cp >> C /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> H /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> "3" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> This /GC/S/abE/+cp >> yellow /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> colored /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> solid /mGC/abR/+bp >> is /mGC/abR/+cp >> sometimes /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> used /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp >> as /mGC/abE/+bp >> a /mGC/abE/+cp >> reagent /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> in /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp

Trinitrotoluene >> chemical /GC/P/abR/+bp >> synthesis /GC/P/abR/+cp >> but /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> it /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> is /GC/P/abE/+bp >> best /GC/P/abE/+cp >> known /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~



4.                                      quantum

quantum                              (m/S + inimum/C2)/Ch                             minimum


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/quantum ,    
In physics, a quantum (plural: quanta) is the minimum amount of any physical entity involved in an interaction. Behind this, one finds the fundamental notion that

 a physical property may be "quantized," referred to as "the hypothesis of quantization"[1]. This means that the magnitude can take on only certain discrete numerical values, rather than any value, at least within a range. There is a related term of quantum number. An example of an entity that is quantized is the energy transfer of elementary particles of matter (called fermions) and of photons and other bosons.

*    quantum >> "In physics" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "a quantum" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> plural /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> quanta /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> is /GC/P/abE/+bp >> the /GC/P/abE/+cp >> minimum /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> amount /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> of /GC/S/abR/+bp >> any /GC/S/abR/+cp >> physical /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> entity /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> involved /GC/P/abR/+bp >> in /GC/P/abR/+cp >> an /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> interaction /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> Behind /mGC/abE/+bp >> this /mGC/abE/+cp >> one /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> finds /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> the /mGC/abR/+bp >> fundamental /mGC/abR/+cp >> notion /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> that /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

minimum >> a /GC/S/abE/+bp >> physical /GC/S/abE/+cp >> property /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> may /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> be /GC/P/abE/+bp >> quantized /GC/P/abE/+cp >> referred /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~


"quantum number"                          (phys/T + ical/P)/Ch                           physical

energy                                       (w/T + ork/P)/Ch                                 work

matter                                       (m/P + ass/T)/Ch                                mass

mass                              (q/GC/S/abT + uantity/P)/Ch                            quantity


A photon is a single quantum of light, and is referred to as a "light quantum". The energy of an electron bound to an atom (at rest) is said to be quantized, which results in the stability of atoms, and of matter in general.

photon                                    (l/P + ight/T)/Ch                                     light

electron                                    (l/T + ight/P)/Ch                                    light

atom                         ([ŋ=  y=]/P + electron/GC/S/abT)/Ch                        electron


As incorporated into the theory of quantum mechanics, this is regarded by physicists as part of the fundamental framework for understanding and describing nature at the infinitesimal level.

"quantum mechanics"                    (m/GC/S/abT + echanics/C1)/Ch                   mechanics

Normally quanta are considered to be discrete packets with energy stored in them. Planck considered these quanta to be particles that can change their form (meaning that they can be absorbed and released). This phenomenon can be observed in the case of black body radiation, when it is being heated and cooled.

Etymology and discovery
The word "quantum" comes from the Latin "quantus," for "how much." "Quanta" meaning short for "quanta of electricity" was used in a 1902 article on the photoelectric effect by Philipp Lenard, who credited Helmholtz for using the word in the area of electricity. However, the word quantum in general was well known before 1900 [2]. It was often used by physicians (and still is). Both Helmholtz and Mayer were physicians as well as physicists. Helmholtz used quantum with reference to heat in his article [3] on Mayer's work, and indeed, the word quantum can be found in the formulation of the first law of thermodynamics by Mayer in his letter [4] dated 24.7.1841. Max Planck used "quanta" to mean "quanta of matter and electricity" (electrons) [5], gas, and heat.[6] In 1905, in response to Planck's work and the experimental work of Lenard, who explained his results by using the term "quanta of electricity", Albert Einstein suggested that radiation existed in spatially localized packets which he called "quanta of light" ("Lichtquanta").[7]

*                      quantum  >>  quantus /mGC/abE  >>  Latin /mGC/abE/Ch

**                        quantus /mGC/abE/Ch  >>  "how much"

quanta                             (q/P + uantum/GC/S/abT)/Ch                          quantum

*                     quanta  >>  "quanta of electricity" /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp

thermodynamics                        ([ŋ=  y=]/T + energy/C1)/Ch                       energy

*                    thermodynamics  >>  "first law of thermodynamics" /mGC/abE/+bp

radiation                                    (l/T + ight/P)/Ch                                   light


The concept of quantization of radiation was discovered in 1900 by Max Planck, who had been trying to understand the emission of radiation from heated objects, known as black body radiation. By assuming that energy can only be absorbed or released in tiny, differential, discrete packets he called "bundles" or "energy elements,"[8], Planck accounted for the fact that certain objects change colour when heated.[9] On December 14, 1900, Planck reported his revolutionary findings to the German Physical Society and introduced the idea of quantization for the first time as a part of his research on black body radiation.[10] As a result of his experiments, Planck deduced the numerical value of h, known as the Planck constant, and could also report a more precise value for the Avogadro-Loschmidt number, the number of real molecules in a mole and the unit of electrical charge, to the German Physical Society. After his theory was validated, Planck was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918 for his discovery.


"Planck constant"                          (c/P + onstant/C1)/Ch                          constant

*                            "Planck constant"  >>  "h" /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp

**                       "h" /mGC/abE/+bp  >>  "Avogadro-Loschmidt number" /P

mole                                  ([ŋ=  y=]/T + ion/P)/Ch                                  ion



5.                                    quantum computer


"quantum computer"                        (c/T + omputer/P)/Ch                        computer


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/quantum+computer ,  
A quantum computer is a device for computation that makes direct use of quantum mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data. Quantum computers are

 different from traditional computers based on transistors. The basic principle behind quantum computation is that quantum properties can be used to represent data and perform operations on these data.[1] A theoretical model is the quantum Turing machine, also known as the universal quantum computer.

*    "quantum computer" >> "a device" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> for /GC/S/abE/+cp >> computation /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> that /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> makes /GC/P/abE/+bp >> direct /GC/P/abE/+cp >> use /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> quantum /GC/S/abR/+bp >> mechanical /GC/S/abR/+cp >> phenomena /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> such /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> as /GC/P/abR/+bp >> superposition /GC/P/abR/+cp >> and /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> entanglement /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> to /mGC/abE/+bp >> perform /mGC/abE/+cp >> operations /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> on /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> data /mGC/abR/+bp >> Quantum /mGC/abR/+cp >> computers /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> are /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

computer >> different /GC/S/abE/+bp >> from /GC/S/abE/+cp >> traditional /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> computers /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> based /GC/P/abE/+bp >> on /GC/P/abE/+cp >> transistors /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~


"quantum Turing machine"                            (f/T + ile/S)/Ch                           file

*               "quantum Turing machine"  >>  "universal quantum computer" /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp


Although quantum computing is still in its infancy, experiments have been carried out in which quantum computational operations were executed on a very small number of qubits (quantum bit). Both practical and theoretical research continues, and many national government and military funding agencies support quantum computing research to develop quantum computers for both civilian and national security purposes, such as cryptanalysis.[2]

qubit                                 (b/GC/S/abT + it/C2)/Ch                                   bit

*                            qubit  >>  "quantum bit" /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp


If large-scale quantum computers can be built, they will be able to solve certain problems much faster than any current classical computers (for example Shor's algorithm). Quantum computers do not allow the computation of functions that are not theoretically computable by classical computers[citation needed], i.e. they do not alter the Church–Turing thesis. The gain is only in efficiency.

"Shor's algorithm"                     ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + algorithm/P)/Ch                     algorithm

*                     "Shor's algorithm"  >>  "quantum algorithm" /mGC/abE

*                 Entscheidungsproblem  >>  "Church–Turing thesis" /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp



6.                                     Quantum electronics

"Quantum electronics"                    ([ŋ=  y=]/T + electronics/P)/Ch                    electronics

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/quantum+electronics ,    
Quantum electronics is the area of physics dealing with the effects of quantum mechanics on the behavior of electrons in matter, and their interactions with photons.

*    "Quantum electronics" >> "the area" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> of /GC/S/abE/+cp >> physics /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> dealing /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> with /GC/P/abE/+bp >> the /GC/P/abE/+cp >> effects /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> quantum /GC/S/abR/+bp >> mechanics /GC/S/abR/+cp >> on /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> the /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> behavior /GC/P/abR/+bp >> of /GC/P/abR/+cp >> electrons /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> in /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> matter /mGC/abE/+bp >> and /mGC/abE/+cp >> their /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> inter /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> action /mGC/abR/+bp >> "S [ŋe  s=]" /mGC/abR/+cp >> with /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> photons /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp


It is today rarely considered a subfield in its own right, as it has been absorbed by other fields: solid state physics regularly takes quantum mechanics into account, and is usually concerned with electrons. Specific application to electronics is researched within semiconductor physics.

*    "area of physics" >> It /GC/S/abE/+bp >> is /GC/S/abE/+cp >> today /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> rarely /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> considered /GC/P/abE/+bp >> a /GC/P/abE/+cp >> sub /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> field /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> in /GC/S/abR/+bp >> its /GC/S/abR/+cp >> own /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> right /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> ~ ~ ~


"solid state physics"                       (phy/GC/S/abT + sics/P)/Ch                      physics

"quantum mechanics"                    (m/GC/S/abT + echanics/C1)/Ch                   mechanics

"semiconductor physics"                       (phy/C2 + sics/GC/S/abT)/Ch                      physics


The field also encompasses the basic processes of laser operation where photons are interacting with electrons: absorption, spontaneous emission, and stimulated emission.

laser                                    (b/P + eam/T)/Ch                                   beam

*           laser  >>  "light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation" /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp

photon                                    (l/P + ight/T)/Ch                                     light

electron                                    (l/T + ight/P)/Ch                                    light

atom                         ([ŋ=  y=]/P + electron/GC/S/abT)/Ch                        electron


The term was mainly used between the 1950s and the 1970s. Today, the research output of this field is mainly used in quantum optics, especially for the part of it that draws not from atomic physics but from solid-state physics.

"quantum optics"                        ([ŋ=  w=]/T + optics/P)/Ch                         optics

optics                                      (l/P + ens/T)/Ch                                     lens

lens                                   ([ŋ=  y=]/T + eye/P)/Ch                                 eye

"atomic physics"                         (phy/GC/S/abT + sics/P)/Ch                        physics

physics                                  (n/P + ature/T)/Ch                                  nature



7.                              laser

*                                 addition  >>  increment /mGC/Ch

boost                              ([ŋ=  y=]/C2 + increment/S)                          increment

increase                                      (b/T + oost/C2)                                  boost

upsurge                               ([ŋ=  y=]/P + increase/C2)                          increase

surge                            ([ŋ=  w=]/GC/S/abT + upsurge/C2)                       upsurge

outpouring                                  (s/C2 + urge/T)                                   surge

effluent                            ([ŋ=  w=]/P + outpouring/T)                         outpouring

emanation                        ([ŋ=  y=]/GC/S/abT + effluent/T)                        effluent

radiation                         ([ŋ=  y=]/C2 + emanation/S)/Ch                      emanation

beam                               (r/GC/S/abT + adiation/S)/Ch                          radiation

laser                                    (b/P + eam/T)/Ch                                   beam


*           laser  >>  ("light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation" /C1)/GC/S/abE


http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Laser ,    
A Closer Look     A laser emits a thin, intense beam of nearly monochromatic visible or infrared light that can travel long distances without diffusing. Most light beams consist of many waves traveling in roughly the same direction, but the phases and polarizations of each individual wave (or photon) are randomly distributed. In laser light, the waves are all precisely in step, or in phase, with each other, and have the same polarization. Such light is called coherent. All of the photons that make up a laser beam are in the same quantum state. Lasers produce coherent light

 through a process called stimulated emission. The laser contains a chamber in which atoms of a medium such as a synthetic ruby rod or a gas are excited, bringing their electrons into higher orbits with higher energy states. When one of these electrons jumps down to a lower energy state (which can happen spontaneously), it gives off its extra energy as a photon with a specific frequency. But this photon, upon encountering another atom with an excited electron, will stimulate that electron to jump down as well, emitting another photon with the same frequency as the first

 and in phase with it. This effect cascades through the chamber, constantly stimulating other atoms to emit yet more coherent photons. Mirrors at both ends of the chamber cause the light to bounce back and forth in the chamber, sweeping across the entire medium. If a sufficient number of atoms in the medium are maintained by some external energy source in the higher energy state --- a condition called population inversion --- then emission is continuously stimulated, and a stream of coherent photons develops. One of the mirrors is partially transparent, allowing the laser beam to exit from that end of the chamber.

 Lasers have many industrial, military, and scientific uses, including welding, target detection, microscopic photography, fiber optics, surgery, and optical instrumentation for surveying.


"A Closer Look"                          (r/C1 + eview/GC/S/abT)                            review


*   laser  >>  ("A laser emits a thin, intense beam" /T/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   laser  >>  ("of nearly monochromatic visible or infrared light" /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   laser  >>  ("that can travel long distances" /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   laser  >>  ("without diffusing" /C2/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   laser  >>  ("Most light beams" /P/Ch)/T

*   laser  >>  ("consist of many waves" /S/Ch)/T

*   laser  >>  ("traveling in roughly the same direction" /C2/Ch)/T

*   laser  >>  ("but the phases and polarizations of each individual wave" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T

*   laser  >>  ("or photon" /T/Ch)/P

*   laser  >>  ("are randomly distributed" /S/Ch)/P

*   laser  >>  ("In laser light" /C2/Ch)/P

*   laser  >>  ("the waves are all precisely in step"/GC/S/abT/Ch)/P

*   laser  >>  ("or in phase" /T/Ch)/S

*   laser  >>  ("with each other" /P/Ch)/S

*   laser  >>  ("and have the same polarization" /C2/Ch)/S

*   laser  >>  ("Such light is called coherent" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/S

*   laser  >>  ("All of the photons" /T/Ch)/C2

*   laser  >>  ("that make up a laser beam" /P/Ch)/C2

*   laser  >>  ("are in the same quantum state" /S/Ch)/C2

*   laser  >>  ("Lasers produce coherent light" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C2


*   beam  >>  ("through a process called stimulated emission" /T/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   beam  >>  ("The laser contains a chamber" /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   beam  >>  ("in which atoms of a medium" /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   beam  >>  ("such as a synthetic ruby rod" /C2/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   beam  >>  ("or a gas are excited" /P/Ch)/T

*   beam  >>  ("bringing their electrons" /S/Ch)/T

*   beam  >>  ("into higher orbits" /C2/Ch)/T

*   beam  >>  ("with higher energy states" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T

*   beam  >>  ("When one of these electrons" /T/Ch)/P

*   beam  >>  ("jumps down to a lower energy state" /S/Ch)/P

*   beam  >>  ("which can happen spontaneously" /C2/Ch)/P

*   beam  >>  ("it gives off its extra energy"/GC/S/abT/Ch)/P

*   beam  >>  ("as a photon with a specific frequency" /T/Ch)/S

*   beam  >>  ("But this photon" /P/Ch)/S

*   beam  >>  ("upon encountering another atom" /C2/Ch)/S

*   beam  >>  ("with an excited electron" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/S

*   beam  >>  ("will stimulate that electron to jump down as well" /T/Ch)/C2

*   beam  >>  ("emitting another photon" /P/Ch)/C2

*   beam  >>  ("with the same frequency" /S/Ch)/C2

*   beam  >>  ("as the first" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C2


*   light  >>  ("and in phase with it" /T/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   light  >>  ("This effect cascades" /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   light  >>  ("through the chamber" /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   light  >>  ("constantly stimulating other atoms" /C2/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   light  >>  ("to emit yet more coherent photons" /P/Ch)/T

*   light  >>  ("Mirrors at both ends of the chamber" /S/Ch)/T

*   light  >>  ("cause the light to bounce back" /C2/Ch)/T

*   light  >>  ("and forth in the chamber" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T

*   light  >>  ("sweeping across the entire medium" /T/Ch)/P

*   light  >>  ("If a sufficient number of atoms" /S/Ch)/P

*   light  >>  ("in the medium are maintained" /C2/Ch)/P

*   light  >>  ("by some external energy source"/GC/S/abT/Ch)/P

*   light  >>  ("in the higher energy state" /T/Ch)/S

*   light  >>  ("a condition called population inversion" /P/Ch)/S

*   light  >>  ("then emission is continuously stimulated" /C2/Ch)/S

*   light  >>  ("and a stream of coherent photons develops" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/S

*   light  >>  ("One of the mirrors" /T/Ch)/C2

*   light  >>  ("is partially transparent" /P/Ch)/C2

*   light  >>  ("allowing the laser beam" /S/Ch)/C2

*   light  >>  ("to exit from that end of the chamber" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C2


*   radiation >>  (Lasers /T/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   radiation >>  (have /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   radiation >>  (many /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   radiation >>  (industrial /C2/Ch)/GC/S/abT

*   radiation >>  (military /P/Ch)/T

*   radiation >>  (and /S/Ch)/T

*   radiation >>  (scientific /C2/Ch)/T

*   radiation >>  (uses /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T

*   radiation >>  (including /T/Ch)/P

*   radiation >>  (welding /S/Ch)/P

*   radiation >>  (target /C2/Ch)/P

*   radiation >>  (detection /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P

*   radiation >>  ("microscopic photography" /T/Ch)/S

*   radiation >>  ("fiber optics" /P/Ch)/S

*   radiation >>  (surgery /C2/Ch)/S

*   radiation >>  (and /GC/S/abT/Ch)/S

*   radiation >>  (optical /T/Ch)/C2

*   radiation >>  (instrumentation /P/Ch)/C2

*   radiation >>  (for /S/Ch)/C2

*   radiation >>  (surveying /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C2


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/laser ,      
A laser is a device that emits light (electromagnetic radiation) through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of photons. The term "laser" originated

 as an acronym for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation.[1][2] The emitted laser light is notable for its high degree of spatial and temporal coherence, unattainable using other technologies.

*    laser >> "a device" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> that /GC/S/abE/+cp >> emits /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> light /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> electro /GC/P/abE/+bp >> magnetic /GC/P/abE/+cp >> radiation /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> through /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> a /GC/S/abR/+bp >> process /GC/S/abR/+cp >> of /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> optical /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> amplification /GC/P/abR/+bp >> based /GC/P/abR/+cp >> on /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> the /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> stimulated /mGC/abE/+bp >> emission /mGC/abE/+cp >> of /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> photons /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> The /mGC/abR/+bp >> term /mGC/abR/+cp >> laser /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> originated /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

photon >> as /GC/S/abE/+bp >> an /GC/S/abE/+cp >> acronym /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> for /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> Light /GC/P/abE/+bp >> Amplification /GC/P/abE/+cp >> by /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> Stimulated /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> Emission /GC/S/abR/+bp >> of /GC/S/abR/+cp >> Radiation /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~

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559Simple viewsimilarity between English & Korean/Seoul articulations (articulation of /abD or /abThr),         Nestorius & Prester John Y... 2012.03.11
558Simple viewlb/eg/etc.     Spanish/Basque/Catalan/~     Korean's,  'of ^Korean^ culture'     'head/tail consonants'    'worm moon' Y... 2012.03.08
557Simple viewSenkaku せんか Islands, 釣魚台群島,       Hokkaido/Ainu, Sakhalin/Сахалин,       Liancourt Rocks 독도,  Tsushima Y... 2012.03.06
556Simple view釣魚台群島/尖閣諸島, 琉球諸島, 南西諸島, 薩南諸島, 吐噶喇列島, 沖縄諸島, 慶良間諸島, 先島諸島, 宮古列島, 八重山諸島 Y... 2013.05.05
555Simple view Socotra Rock 이어도,      Falklands,       Paracel Islands,       Spratly Islands,     Yonaguni 與那國,     Hans Island Y... 2012.04.20
554Simple viewslave/Slav,    'Black History Month'    bidet/shampoo/doomsday,   'six pack abs'    birdie/par,     Sparta/Athens Y... 2012.02.18
553Simple viewavenge, scold, anxious, 'auxiliary verb', off, ugly/clever, absolute (term), like, run, able, hardly,           M&M Y... 2012.02.13
552Simple viewacquiesce, check, get, numb, coward, amount, principal, couple, husband, pair, set,  (ad)dress,  'call oneself' Y... 2012.02.13
551Simple viewfounder/flounder, author, passed/past, permit (of), way(s), ticket, race, series, (a)wake(n), mean(s), comprise Y... 2012.02.13
550Simple viewbug, contrast, vulgar, distinct(ive), crucial, contrast,  practicable/practical,  alternative/alternate, role, need Y... 2012.02.13
549Simple view'ui=*a/Λ/o'  act(ion), credentialed, best, spree, plane, number, 'look to', ilk, chagrin, senior/downsize, hassle Y... 2012.02.13
548Simple view>> Corrected                                  "verb /C1 & /S" Y... 2012.04.06
547Simple view       +'Phonetic study  on  English  nouns'        < Lingering of articles >        'definite/indefinite article' Y... 2012.02.13
546Simple view>>         'English  verb/adjective/adverb'     (derived nouns)               < have / be as v.aux. > Y... 2012.02.13
545Simple view             Mr.   Mrs.   씨,   さん,   氏              English/Korean/Japanese/Chinese  honorifics Y... 2012.02.13
544Simple view'Lost Generation',         'black hole'           Pearl S. Buck,          ** Beethoven **         <periodic table> Y... 2011.12.09
543Simple viewThomas Mann,   Ernest Hemingway,   Winston Churchill,   Rabindranath Tagore,    *Albert Einstein*   川端 康成 Y... 2011.11.25
542Simple view   Jane Austen,   Franz Kafka,   Virginia Woolf,   James Joyce,   Ezra Pound,   Gustave Flaubert,   George Sand Y... 2011.11.21
541Simple viewnickname,  'slave states'   'Roman numeral'    Conan Doyle,   Charles Baudelaire,   Mark Twain,    Helen Keller Y... 2011.11.21
540Simple viewIndian/Interlingua,     Leyzer Zamenhof,   'a pair of scissors',     Benjamin Franklin,    Poe/Yeats,   H. G. Wells Y... 2011.11.09
539Simple view'Occupy Wall -'    adjectives;    'US' Presidents'  Lincoln/Washington/Jefferson,   'Declaration of Independence' Y... 2011.11.02
538Simple view    Herman Melville,  G. A. Henty,  Oliver Wendell Holmes,  John Greenleaf Whittier,    James Russell Lowell Y... 2011.10.28
537Simple viewJoseph Conrad,  Lawrence/Hogarth,  Flinders Petrie,  Amelia Edwards,  Gaston Maspero,  Nathaniel Hawthorne Y... 2011.10.21
536Simple view    George Bernard Shaw,        William Archer,  Alfred Sutro,  Maurice Maeterlinck,  Henrik Ibsen,   Maupassant Y... 2011.10.15
535Simple viewBalzac,  Charles Dickens,    Leo Tolstoy,  Fyodor Dostoevsky,   Pushkin/Gogol/Gorky/Turgenev,  Anton Chekhov Y... 2011.10.12
534Simple viewJohn Dryden,  Jonathan Swift,  Alexander Pope,  William Cowper,  John Fletcher,       Walter Scott,     Stendhal Y... 2011.10.05
533Simple viewPliny the Younger,  Petronius, Tacitus,     Martial,  Silius Italicus, Quintilian,     Seneca,   William Lisle Bowles Y... 2011.09.29
532Simple viewSamuel Taylor Coleridge,  William Wordsworth,  Emerson,    Virgil/Ovid/Horace/Statius,   Suetonius,  Juvenal Y... 2011.09.26
531Simple viewAugust Bebel,  Herbert Spencer,            Charles Darwin,        Jean-Baptiste Lamarck,     Thomas Henry Huxley Y... 2011.09.23
530Simple viewEdmund Spenser, Franz Liszt,  Victor Hugo, Alphonse de Lamartine, Heinrich Heine,  Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels Y... 2011.09.17
529Simple viewLilly/Tasso, James Henry Leigh Hunt, Samuel Daniel, Martha Foote Crow, Claudio Monteverdi,  Richard Wagner Y... 2011.09.04
528Simple viewRobert Herrick, Samuel Pepys, William Caxton, Henry B. Wheatley, Swinburne, Christina Rossetti,   Vampyre Y... 2011.09.01
527Simple viewHeinrich Bullinger,  Johannes Brenz,  Georg Joachim Rheticus,  Philipp Melanchthon,  William Alabaster Y... 2011.09.01
526Simple viewPetrus Ramus,  Theodore Beza,  Philip Schaff,  Joachim Westphal,  François Hotman,  'The Right to Heresy' Y... 2011.08.07
525Simple viewAdam Smith,  Cassius Dio,    Stephanus,  William Smith,  Pausanias,  Marcus Aurelius, Diogenes Laërtius Y... 2011.08.03
524Simple view>> Corrected                                <Moralia> Y... 2011.08.31
523Simple viewTorricelli, Bernoulli, 'Jean le Rond d'Alembert', Diderot, 'Ephraim Chambers', 'Pierre Bayle', 'Laurence Sterne' Y... 2011.07.26
522Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
521Simple viewHero/Vitruvius Apollonius/Diophantus/Theon,       d'Aguilon, 'John Aubrey', 'François Viète', Oughtred/Pascal Y... 2011.07.21
520Simple viewCusa/Nunes/Vesalius/Borelli, 'de Vere', Stanley,  Vinci/Michelangelo/Raphael, 'Luca Pacioli',   Vasari/Alberti Y... 2011.07.12
519Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.24
518Simple viewGuicciardini, 'Pico della Mirandola', Frisius*, Nostradamus, 'Sir Philip Sidney', Milton/Chaucer/Boiardo/Cardano Y... 2011.07.05
517Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
516Simple viewShelley/Keats/Byron/Castelli/Orta/Wycliffe/Huss,  'Mary Sidney',  Baïf/Montaigne/Buchanan, 'Marie de Gournay' Y... 2011.07.01
515Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
514Simple viewMarlowe/Nashe/Chapman, 'Ben Jonson', 'Beaumont & Fletcher', Marston/Fleay/Glapthorne/Warburton/Brome Y... 2011.06.24
513Simple viewVarro/Catullus/Livy/Sallust,   Ovid/Apuleius/Horace/Lucretius,      Calvin/Servetus/Zwingli/Cranmer/Luther Y... 2011.06.19
512Simple viewSavonarola/Colet/Erasmus/Loyola/Ficino/Mirandola/Gracián/Swedenborg/Ockham/Abelard,    Latin,   'Lex Talio' Y... 2011.06.12
511Simple viewTerence/Menippus/Arcesilaus/Theophras-,  Voltaire/Maupertuis/Schiller/Winckelmann/Rochefoucauld/Cervantes Y... 2011.06.07
510Simple viewBoccaccio/Petrarch/Helvétius/Cesare/Malthus,  Say/Gresham,  Machiavelli/Telesio/Boyle/Bacon/Kepler/Brahe Y... 2011.06.04
509Simple viewHerder/Sanai/Hafez,  Dante, 'Adam Smith', 'Richard Cantillon', 'Henry More', ''Isaac Newton', Ricardo/Bentham Y... 2011.06.01
508Simple viewBerkeley, 'Giordano Bruno', Spinoza/Rousseau/Fichte/Hölderlin/Schelling, 'Jakob Böhme', Hamann/Goethe/Vigo Y... 2011.05.29
507Simple view'Thomas Hobbes' 'John Stuart Mill' 'Arthur Schopenhauer' 'Friedrich Nietzsche' Hegel/Kant/Hume/Locke/Leibniz Y... 2011.05.26
506Simple viewGalileo/Orpheus/Argonautica/Strabo,    'Augustine of Hippo', Neoplatonism/Enneads/Cicero/Anselm/Descartes Y... 2011.05.24
505Simple view                              "English    spelling/vocabulary"                   (Korean connection) Y... 2011.05.19
504Simple viewPyrrho/Galen/Avicenna/Averroes/Maimonides, 'Albertus Magnus', 'Thomas Aquinas', 'Duns Scotus', Copernicus Y... 2011.05.17
503Simple viewArchimedes/Aspasia/Euclid/Hipparchus/Hippocrates/Leonidas/Pericles/Ptolemy/Solon/Themistocles/Epicurus Y... 2011.05.14
502Simple view             Phonetic study    on   German/French   words/sentences Y... 2011.05.13
501Simple view'Milesian school'  'Seven Wonders'  Eleatics/sophism/pluralist/Cynics/Stoic/Montesquieu/Suda/eureka/Vitruvius Y... 2011.05.11
500Simple viewAeschylus/Aesop/Euripides/Hesiod,   Homer/Lucian/Menander/Pindar,  Polybius/Sappho/Sophocles, Alcibiades Y... 2011.05.11
499Simple viewThales/Anaximander/Anaximenes/Pythagoras,  Anaxagoras/Empedocles,  Antisthenes/Diogenes/Crates/Zeno Y... 2011.05.07
498Simple view'geologic era'  'Stone Age'   Yahoo/Google   'Know yourself'   introspection   'Seven Sages'   'material monism' Y... 2011.05.05
497Simple viewSocrates/Thucydides/Plutarch/Herodotus/Xenophon/Aristophanes/Plato/Aristotle/Parmenides/Democritus, etc. Y... 2011.05.04
496Simple view                           phonetic analysis on     Buddha  &  Buddhism Y... 2011.05.04
495Simple viewPhonetic analysis on   Hinduism/Veda/Sanskrit/Prakrit/Zoroaster, Manichaeism/Mani,  Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh Y... 2011.04.29
494Simple view'net-cutting'  'country music'  'General Zod'      BC/AD  'Independence day'     BCE/CE    '(Before) Common Era' Y... 2011.04.14
493Simple view    'phonetic study on Jesus Christ  &  Moshe'             'Twelve Apostles'              'Hellenistic civilization??' Y... 2011.04.10
492Simple view           translation :           논어(論語)/공자(孔子/Confucius),               etymological analysis Y... 2011.04.08
491Simple view'論語/논어 [non  ŋΛ]  &  Old Testament'       Torah/Pentateuch         'Why Torah, Prophets, Writings, 四書五經' Y... 2011.04.05
490Simple view'lady-in-waiting'  Confucius/Mencius/Laozi/Micius  popcorn  'Generation Y/X'  'Wonder Woman'       I/you    etc. Y... 2011.04.02
489Simple viewfraction/ordinal,   'national flowers'   'Department of State'    'God bless you!'   'daylight saving time'   *BC/AD Y... 2011.03.20
488Simple view"&/and",                  italic,  ride/drive,       Morrison, Messiah/Immanuel,  succeed,     'Virgin Mary'  Joseph Y... 2011.03.15
487Simple view‘Moby-Dick’     'Coca Cola'       pronouns/4,  'Chinese carry-out'     'days of months'     'leap year (day)'   date Y... 2011.03.04
486Simple view'The Star-Spangled Banner'   &   'God Save the Queen'   &    'Land of Hope and Glory';        national anthems Y... 2011.02.10
485Simple view         'La Marseillaise'              Deutschlandlied              'National anthem of Austria' Y... 2013.05.12
484Simple view'Ask not'/America       months  'days of the week'  day/week/month/year  '(the) first'  hamburger  'Super Bowl' Y... 2011.02.09
483Simple view'passive voice'               'shoe-string budget?'  'you know'  'by the way'  'eh/well'  'blood libel'    'last supper' Y... 2011.01.14
482Simple view'Do I know you?'           'Season's Greetings'  'Auld Lang Syne'      'Christian cross,  resurrection'    'Red Cross' Y... 2011.01.08
481Simple view'Moses & Jesus Christ'            Christ/Jesus,   'Christmas card'   'Why Santa is old man'   MoU,      'Three Magi' Y... 2010.12.25
480Simple view"Shakespeare   &  Plutarch"                  'Sir Thomas More'   'G6'     oneself/myself/ourselves/etc.    ID Y... 2010.12.23
479Simple view'Why wedding dresses are white'              Halloween/제사,  denim, angel(s), eve, Ivy/steak, 'Rhode Island' Y... 2010.12.19
478Simple viewThanksgiving-day,         SantaClaus,           countries,      "silent letter??"     waffle/빈대떡/cupcake Y... 2010.11.26
477Simple view>> More considerations on  "silent letter??";     between GRECOnglish & orthodox English pronunciations Y... 2010.11.27
476Simple view"for the people, by the people, of the people"                          "I have a dream"      yes/no Y... 2010.10.10
475Simple view'it :  imp. v.??'              methinks                               Memorial/Mother's Day,    'hat trick'  franchise/may Y... 2010.06.05
474Simple view"Phonetics/linguistics  &  Bible"                                            "dirty Chinese??" Y... 2010.04.20
473Simple view'aui*Λ/o/='        exigency, need/longing, matter, pressure/force, hurry/rush, weight/postulate/concept/picture Y... 2010.04.05
472Simple view>> Corrected:                   [auiΛ]/S/mES, /S/MS;    [auio]/S/mES, /T/mES, /C1/mES;   [aui=]/P/pES Y... 2010.08.14
471Simple viewview/viewpoint, scheme/surmise/lack/economy/feature,  detail/topic,  item/issue,  point/case,  trifle/matter Y... 2010.04.05
470Simple viewaffair/terrific,  spooky/spook, dreadful/fearsome/awesome/traditional,  customary/familiar,  normal/average Y... 2010.04.05
469Simple viewusual/general,  common/routine, standard, apropos, related/relati-,  germane/cognate, tempor-, fly-by-night Y... 2010.04.05
468Simple viewpassing,  fugitive, 'short-lived', transient/ably/momentarily/amplify/stretch,  expand/wax,  augment/raise Y... 2010.04.05
467Simple viewheighten/lengthen,  embarra-/discountena-,  'show up', offend,  chagrin/vex, mortify/abash,  incarna-/personi- Y... 2010.04.05
466Simple viewrepresent/depict,  illustrate/explicate, codify, manifest, rubbish,  malign/libel,  abuse/mar, decry, blacken Y... 2010.04.05
465Simple viewsignificance/fervour/ebullience,  weight/emphasis, distillation/water/dew/perspiration/moisture/spray/bigotry Y... 2010.04.05
464Simple viewchutzpah', fight, payoff, path,  consequences/end, result(s), verdict,  upshot/event, compatible, consonant Y... 2010.04.05
463Simple viewsociable, convivial,  'dyed in the wool', universal, overall,  total/downright, worldwide,  'far-flung', entire Y... 2010.04.05
462Simple viewwhole/patient,  mild/equab-, kind/generali-/interpola-,  sophisticate/pervert, counsel/instruct,  refine/temper Y... 2010.04.05
461Simple viewhype/razzmatazz, razzle-dazzle, spotlight, play-up, write-up,  champion/uphold, develop,  defend, 'plead for' Y... 2010.04.05
460Simple viewhelp,  advocate/recommend,  puzzle/poser, problem, inconsistency, 'closed book', conundrum, fabrication Y... 2010.04.05
459Simple viewforgery/phony, lie(s), fiction, myth,  fake/counterfeit,  takings, arrest/bust,  catching/espial, trappings/bard Y... 2010.04.05
458Simple viewimprisonment/detenti-, seizure,  dignity, 'self-importa-', decorum/etiquet-,  grandeur/prominen-, proprieties Y... 2010.04.05
457Simple viewsolemnities/gravity,  majesties, 'His Honour, etc.',  destitute, 'down and out',  poor, 'bad(ly) off', 'well-off' Y... 2010.04.05
456Simple viewneedy,  short/low, jovial,  lively, 'full of beans', congenial/ratty/peevish,  sour/tart,  surly/churlish, peppery Y... 2010.04.05
455Simple viewtesty/heady/snappish, unlimited/incomparable/peremptory/complain,  grumble/bellyache, carp/kvetch, groan Y... 2010.04.05
454Simple viewwail/soothe,  'relieve (yourself)', soften/mitigate/scold/blame,  correct/chasten, discipline/censure/advertise Y... 2010.04.05
453Simple viewfortis(?) consonants,                                    Short(?) Program,  Democrat/donkey,  Valentine's Day Y... 2010.02.24
452Simple view>>                                              θ/ð/v/f Y... 2014.03.09
451Simple viewDifference between English & GRECOnglish/GC,                                             pronouns,   'Excuse me.' Y... 2010.01.23
450Simple view'Λui*a/o/=', business/craft, work/occupation, call/job, line/field, condition/symptoms/disorder/appointments Y... 2010.01.06
449Simple view>> Corrections:                                               [Λuia] adjective,       [Λui=] /S/SS Y... 2010.09.18
448Simple viewhorseback-riding?    class, label, creature, gull,   figure/dupe, fitting/fit,    worthy/praiseworthy/worthwhile Y... 2010.01.06
447Simple viewcorrect,  toxic/unhealthful,  deadly/destructive, mortal/killing, choice/prime,  'cool, first-class', select/rare Y... 2010.01.06
446Simple viewbrilliant/marvello-, cracking/mega, coolish/aggregate/assemble/accumula-, test/challenge, look at, research Y... 2010.01.06
445Simple viewexaggerate/emphasise/enlarge/inflate/embroider, frighten/scare/stun/alarm, damp/humidness/opacity/dim Y... 2010.01.06
444Simple viewfaintness/funniness/sport/pleasure/cheerfulness/joy,   understanding/affectionateness/toleration/surd/hard Y... 2010.01.06
443Simple viewdire/awful/dreadful/notable, non-specialist, general/easy/simple/plain/significant/suppose/imagine, believe in Y... 2010.01.06
442Simple view'fancy up', feed, 'eat up', graze/pasture/browse,  'dine out', copulate/shag/bonk,  'have a ball', 'have a fuck' Y... 2010.01.06
441Simple view'have a hump', erase, 'cancel out', excise, 'wipe out', luxury/extra/art/pleasure/love/density/want/parsimony Y... 2010.01.06
440Simple viewdimension/solidity/impenetrability/terror/animosity/dread/horror/fright/awe/deadline,    value/unchangeability Y... 2010.01.06
439Simple viewconstancy,  merit/irreversibility,  quality/unalterability,  caliber/invariability, bad,  kind/humane, good, favour Y... 2010.01.06
438Simple viewcaring/sharp/risky/parlous/ominous/dicey/insecure/ugly/quiescent/yielding/soft/dutiful/willing, patient/serene Y... 2010.01.06
437Simple viewliberal/prodigal, lax/permissive/tender, constancy/stability, lenient/magnanimo-/free/evolve, generate/render Y... 2010.01.06
436Simple viewguarantee/guaranty, delegate/authorize, trust, transfer/transport, hand/give/pass/capture, charm/bewitch Y... 2010.01.06
435Simple viewattract/fascinate,  entrance/trance,  submit/yield/agree/bend/bow/ailment, malaise/instrument/tool/apropos Y... 2010.01.06
434Simple viewtimely/genuine/lethal/terminal/hostile/fine/willing/affable/commix/terrorize/water, kindliness, hand-out Y... 2010.01.06
433Simple viewEnglish/GRECOnglish accent,                   'Happy Holidays',  season, chemistry?         'primary consonants' Y... 2010.01.04
432Simple view'uia*Λ/o/='            mix/mixture;     blend;     compound/composite/composition;     amalgam/amalgamation Y... 2010.01.04
431Simple view>> Corrected:                                             [uia=] /T/MS, /P/mES Y... 2010.08.13
430Simple viewcoalescence; climax; venture; project; risk; scheme;  benefit/beneficiality;  good(ness);  use; gain; reward Y... 2009.12.25
429Simple viewboon; alert; serious; deep; intellectual; scholarly; fit;    appropriate/expropriate; irregular;    asymmetric(al) Y... 2009.12.01
428Simple viewfraternize; socialize; sacrifice; abandon; renounce; forfeit(ure); jilt; disentangle/untangle; generalize (-ise) Y... 2009.12.01
427Simple viewextrapolate; infer; conclude; 'reason out'; universalize; mind; sense; knowledge; wit; corruption/corruptne- Y... 2009.12.01
426Simple view>> Corrections:          mindfulness/mind, sensuousness/sense, wiseness/wisdom, judiciousness/judgement Y... 2009.12.21
425Simple viewgraft; danger(ousness); chance; prospect; optimality/optimization; gawky/gauche; heavy; earnest; true/H?  Y... 2009.12.01
424Simple viewphysical; manual; base; sanguine; expectant; budget; allowance; finance(s); shove; thrust; nudge; knock Y... 2009.12.01
423Simple viewpush; bump; cause; source; spring; agent; opposite; different; enough/enow; lavish; belligerent; conflicting Y... 2009.12.01
422Simple viewoptimize; behave;   act/react; conduct(ion); acquit ; comport; deliberate; consider; think; ponder; debate Y... 2009.12.01
421Simple viewfrighten; scare; petrify;    interweave; intermingle; commingle; alleviate;    trivialize; untangle; shadiness Y... 2009.12.01
420Simple viewrun;   disclose; divulge; evince; defraud; hoodwink;   impart; promulgate; deteriorate; fundi; wonk;   study Y... 2009.12.01
419Simple view"trick or treat"                                   "air force one" Y... 2009.11.06
418Simple view*  'iau*Λ/o/='      mean(s), aid, advantage, vacuum,    (expressive) style, competition, aggression, intrusion Y... 2009.11.04
417Simple view>> Corrected:              [iauΛ] /P/MS, /S/aES, /C1/SS, /P/mES,   [iauo] /C2/MS, /verb,   [iau=] /P/mES Y... 2010.10.05
416Simple view'ill will',    pugnacity/roundabout/wandering, straightforward/natural/frank/dirty/blue, lavish/full/grace/raise Y... 2009.11.04
415Simple viewadvance/boycott/snub, refrain from, stay away -, spurn, throw out, eject/support/bear, hold up, carry/prop Y... 2009.11.03
414Simple viewfame/honour/glory, trouble(someness), inconvenience/solemness/gravity, earnest(ness), soberness/feeling Y... 2009.11.03
413Simple viewsubmission,   philanthropic(al), gracious, almsgiving, positive, confident, hopeful, upbeat,   real(ly), absolute Y... 2009.11.03
412Simple viewperfect/right/complete/shoot/speed/race/rush/tear/dash/pose/present/create/rise,     lead (to),  result (in) Y... 2009.11.03
411Simple viewsave, rescue, recover, salvage,    bail (out), chafe, rub, scratch, rasp, scrape,    foolish(ness), judg(e)ment Y... 2009.11.03
410Simple viewgrotesquery/unpleasingness/verity,   'true fact?' reality, sensuous/sensual, provocative/delicious/delectable Y... 2009.11.03
409Simple viewsteady/beautiful/scenic, savo(u)ry, federate/merge,   unify/unite, consolidate/mingle/coalesce/save/reserve Y... 2009.11.03
408Simple viewstore/collect/vaporize/gasify/aerate,     sublimate/sublime, transpire/hesitate/waver/delay/pause/wait/falter Y... 2009.11.03
407Simple view'compound noun'                Go go go!   White House, northwest, used car,   African-American,   ball games Y... 2009.10.20
406Simple viewdefault [*]/[h]/[=]                   nightline, below, having,  'So many people, so many minds.'  'Mother’s Day' Y... 2009.10.16
405Simple viewMrs./Miss/Ms./lady,                   principle of (sur)names,                   Kor-/Eng- sentences              color Y... 2009.10.11
404Simple view'=ia*Λ/o/u'         agent/H? height/representative/minister/agent/deputy/summit/peak, fund(s), mutual/trust Y... 2009.10.04
403Simple view>> Corrections:                   [=iaΛ] /S/mES,   [=iau]/P/noun, /C1/mES,    [=iao]/S/aES,   /P/T/C1/mES,  Y... 2010.08.28
402Simple viewtherapeutic,  lavish/healing/restorative, good(s), corrective/temporary/acting/interim,  strain/stress/strenu- Y... 2009.10.04
401Simple view'stand-in',   'fill-in',   farming, country, rural, rustic, agrarian,   complain, moan, bitch, whine, growl, gripe Y... 2009.10.04
400Simple viewsophisticate/school/train/educate/consecrate,  bless/H? monitor,  'check (out)', program(me), info(rmation) Y... 2009.10.04
399Simple view>> Corrections:                                           "45. monitor"     &     "46.  check (out)" Y... 2009.11.27
398Simple viewproof, submission, reverence, observance, density, compact(ed)ness, impenetrability, thick, close, heavy Y... 2009.10.04
397Simple viewsolid, substantial, defenc(s)e, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear, shoulder, endure, keep Y... 2009.10.04
396Simple viewoscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-) Y... 2009.10.04
395Simple viewsour(ness), vice/viciousness, cruelty, savage(ry), feminine(ness), sex, female(n-), male(n-), masculine(n-) Y... 2009.10.04
394Simple viewterrific, bodacious(ly), boff(o), 'jim-dandy', hopeful, positive, confident, 'can-do', formal(ly), official, regular Y... 2009.10.04
393Simple viewparlous/perilous, '(de)fend (off)',  'cover up', protect/guard/secure/preserve/furnish,  'fit out', stock/supply Y... 2009.10.04
392Simple viewprovision/provide/serialize, 'set up', arrange/form/order/sort/sicken/disgust/revolt, repel/repulse, 'gross out' Y... 2009.10.04
391Simple view>> Corrections:                                              "set up"          (set) Y... 2010.01.18
390Simple view'Why not Gibson Charles?'          'Mr. Gibson' or 'Gibson mister'        'Your Honour'        'English middle name' Y... 2009.09.19
389Simple view'ia=*Λ/o/u'         supplement,      quest,     philanthropic(al), irritative, humanitarian, affronted, sacrifice Y... 2009.09.15
388Simple view>> Corrected Y... 2010.11.20
387Simple viewabandon(ment), focus, center, finish, do, use, '(be) used to', effect, merit, culture, public, spell/charm/lure Y... 2009.09.15
386Simple viewfair(ness), love(liness), neighbo(u)rly, siz(e)ably, wil(l)fully, corpor(e)al, cordial, futile, troubledly, disturbing Y... 2009.09.15
385Simple viewwildish, wild(ly),   loud(ly), cut, sever, divide,   rend, schism,   separate, cast, throw, project, launch, pitch Y... 2009.09.15
384Simple viewshed, consolidate, combine, unite, join,  marry, amalgamate, boundary, limits, obscurity, negligence/neglect Y... 2009.09.15
383Simple viewirresponsibleness, uncertainty, changeability, rough, crude/petro-, homespun, rough-hew(n), 'stylish person' Y... 2009.09.15
382Simple view'in/on demand'  show, express, display, reveal, register, rouse, cause, fire, prompt, ease, moderate, animate Y... 2009.09.15
381Simple viewgrafting;                  greeting;                 "good-bye"                   "forbidden fruit" Y... 2009.09.11
380Simple viewno/though/yes,         (nein/doch/ja)                    "You like it, do you? ΛV" Y... 2009.09.08
379Simple view>> "Don't you like it?"           "The life must go on."           sniper,          Phoenicia,         freemason Y... 2009.09.18
378Simple view'iaΛ*o/u/='   factor, fundament(al), problematic(al),  '(dangling) participle', loose(ly),  'blue chip', large-sized Y... 2009.09.04
377Simple viewpunctuality, promptness, read(il)y, regular(ity), stead(il)y, consistent(ly),  'Kindly yours',  '(double) genitive' Y... 2009.09.04
376Simple viewsimplicity/easiness/clarity, logic(ality), urgency/importan-, need(fulness), gravity, press(ure), hurry/querulo- Y... 2009.09.04
375Simple viewbad-tempered,     hot-tempered, irascible,    'provide (against/for)', 'fit (in)', 'spy (on)',  follow/i? monitor/H? Y... 2009.09.04
374Simple viewagree/-/i? thunder(bolt), cheat(er), sharper,  'confidence man', pledge/v? committal, promise/v? segmented Y... 2009.09.04
373Simple viewsegregative/augmentative/increasable/protractive/celebrative,  'deal in/with', 'trade in', 'build up', scare/-/i? Y... 2009.09.04
372Simple view'iao*Λ/u/='      position/H?   exposé,      (have) impact/contact/curb/date/elbow/interview/panic/park/verb? Y... 2009.08.26
371Simple view>> Corrected:                                       [iaou] /S/aES Y... 2010.07.09
370Simple viewcare(fulness),  worry/v?   'seeing eye', old/H? passé, circumspect(ive),    'Indian summer',  oldish, enervate Y... 2009.08.26
369Simple viewverity, truth,  'the true',  factuality, tru(thful)ly,     'Sincerely yours', media blitz, clear/whole/H? wholeness Y... 2009.08.26
368Simple viewunity/cohesion, barrenness, aridness/poorer/unproductivity, technological), propitiatory/atonable/reparative Y... 2009.08.26
367Simple viewoblatory, mockable, mock(up), ironic/sneerful/aggravative, exaggeratively, heightened, join/H? 'wrap (up)' Y... 2009.08.26
366Simple view* 'oia*Λ/u/='  'the more - of',      'holy grail', 'more important(ly)', '(the) more universal',      'bachelor party' Y... 2009.08.21
365Simple view>> Corrected :                                      [oiau]/P/MS/noun,  /mES/verb Y... 2010.09.13
364Simple view'Please be seated',  humidness, damp(ness), moistness, bounty,      plenty, profusion, limit(ation), ultimacy Y... 2009.08.21
363Simple viewbest/highest/finest/choicest, 'succumb to', 'catch in', 'contract of', impermanency/transiency/insecureness Y... 2009.08.21
362Simple view>> Corrected:                               "23.  catch (in)" Y... 2010.09.13
361Simple viewcapableness/means/competency/potency/captainship, complete/H? done, sacred/H? blessed, recap(itulate) Y... 2009.08.21
360Simple view'uai*Λ/o/='       periodic(al),  cyclic(al),  great(ly),    fade (away),  melt (away),    principle(s),  scruple(s) Y... 2009.08.15
359Simple view>> Corrected :                  [uaio]   from /C1/mES,  “recreate”/+-,    (14.     deleted) Y... 2010.04.11
358Simple viewgloom(ine-), disabled/handicapped, deceptively, copy(write), xerox, safety/safene-, (im)pass(e), im/explicit Y... 2009.08.15
357Simple viewsanctimonious(ly), religiose, disorder(ed)ly, straightforward(ly),   over/underestimate,  miss (out),  way(s) Y... 2009.08.15
356Simple view'aiu*Λ/o/='       hope(fulness),     long(ing),     answerableness,   opportuneness,   benevolent,   over/end Y... 2009.08.11
355Simple view>> Corrected:                                        [aiu=] /P/pES,  /T/pES Y... 2010.10.13
354Simple viewconventional,   davenport,  secretaire,       'government(s); collective n.?'       authorities,   viable/possible Y... 2009.08.10
353Simple viewstereotypic(al), baseball, empty/H? beating,  danger(ousness), clear/H? fine/H?   'intens(iv)e, intent',   past Y... 2009.08.10
352Simple viewwhat/which//that/this/whatever/whose/who/however, although, but, except(ing), and, It is me, both/with Y... 2009.08.07
351Simple view'=ai*Λ/o/u'     porn(o), revelant, continue,  keep(ing-up), maintain,  carry(ing-on), lasting(ness), curiosity Y... 2009.07.31
350Simple viewalienism, exot(ci)sm, revenge, extant, actual(ly), ugly, surly,  current/heart/Hist?  headquarter(s), bake(ry) Y... 2009.07.31
349Simple viewwork(place), observation/concurrency/conformity, fanatic(al), deadly/noticeableness/appearan-/visiblene- Y... 2009.07.31
348Simple viewdouble(ness), fellow,  submission(s),  concentrative(ly),  husband/H?  advance(ment),  purport,  claim/H? Y... 2009.07.31
347Simple viewModifications & Corrections:            'ai=*Λ/o/u' ,      difficultness  >>  difficulty          [ai=u] Y... 2009.09.16
346Simple viewboundary, confine(s), verge(s),   corporate culture, custom(s),    lifestyle,  art(s)y–craft(s)y,    one,    half Y... 2009.07.26
345Simple view(one and) only,   only,   not,  'not only ~ but'   'not-balance',  individual(s),  impeach/formidability/difficulty Y... 2009.07.26
344Simple view>> Corrections:                                 28. difficultness/difficulty Y... 2009.09.16
343Simple viewoffense, Abo,  identify with, politic(al)ly,    n/m dash,   scoot, seeing as (how), 'waste/fade/wither (away)' Y... 2009.07.26
342Simple viewFrench Kiss,   French fry,   French Connection,   French leave,   French maid,   French-German enmity,  - Y... 2009.07.21
341Simple view'Λai*o/u/='     corpor(e)ality, Tombstone,    'more higher',   'might could',   'three mile',  'VAT tax', four-foot Y... 2009.07.17
340Simple view>> Corrected:                                                 [Λai=]/T/MS Y... 2010.09.22
339Simple view'rarely ever',  'couldn't hardly', hard(ly), anticipate/empathy, IOU, insure/complacency, absolute(ness), mum Y... 2009.07.17
338Simple viewunchangeablene-/invariablene-/inalterability/feasibili-/survivab-, grow/vt?  workablene-/corrupti-/viciousne- Y... 2009.07.17
337Simple viewperversion, conscious(ness), consc(ient)ious,    'aware of'   'responsive to'   'cognizant of'   'percipient of' Y... 2009.07.17
336Simple viewtry-to,  solid(ity), substantialness/tangibility/physicality/legitimation, credibleness, greenish, denote, Andy Y... 2009.07.17
335Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='   impulsivity, impetuosity, anxious/eager?, chat(ter), chiefly/centrally, uppermost/foremost/adv? Y... 2009.07.10
334Simple viewstrangle/worrying(ly),  (ad)judge, recap(itulate), (a)bate,  council/counselor,  gown/univ, (ad)dress,  habit Y... 2009.07.10
333Simple viewstreng(k)th, on purpose, aggravate/tease, broad(ly), wide(ly), quiet(ness/ly), on the quiet, alone, sat/-ing? Y... 2009.07.10
332Simple viewforward(s/ly), further(most), favor/v.i?, foster(ing/ed), caution(ary), heed(fulness), (ad)venture, bold(ness) Y... 2009.07.10
331Simple viewpowerful(ly), power(ful), aloud, roaring(ly),     French kiss,    jazz,   'compare with/to', contrast/n?, born(e) Y... 2009.07.10
330Simple view'aio*Λ/u/='   Your-Honour,       Stonehenge,      eas(il)y/2,   safety,  obsession,    Big Apple (NY),  moniker Y... 2009.07.03
329Simple viewitem/also,  fundament(al),         neighbor,        decisive, hard-hitting,    upright(ly), sheer(ly),         need Y... 2009.07.03
328Simple view'oai*Λ/u/='    excess, inordinacy, immoderacy, extravagancy, whitish, light(ly), soft(ly), almight(il)y, (re)lax Y... 2009.06.26
327Simple view>> Corrections:                               [oaiu]            swanky Y... 2010.03.22
326Simple viewdoll, immigrate, remove/v.i.?  'permit of', sanction, sit/set, lemon,    'spelling bee',    'rote learning', 'look to' Y... 2009.06.26
325Simple viewboast/form, bragging(ly), in vain,  lordly/adv?  egotistic(al), a thought, sequent(ial), economic(al), punitory Y... 2009.06.26
324Simple view>> Corrections:                                        26. lordly Y... 2010.03.22
323Simple viewretaliative, bright(ly), historic(al), oblig(at)e, (t)here, this/that,   voiced/voiceless,   like-to, like, 'like(d) to' Y... 2009.06.26
322Simple view'iΛo*a/u/='    gender role, battle with,  media/data/agenda/dirtily/pathetic(al), fair(ly), comply with, evade Y... 2009.06.20
321Simple viewboxwood/parts/quantity, a quantity of, an amount of, a lot, partially/various/more-important(ly), disorderly Y... 2009.06.20
320Simple viewhigh(ly), bull/bear, corporal/comic(al), panicky/hysteric/fleshy/awful(ly), hysteric, /slash, dare, honey/baby Y... 2009.06.19
319Simple view'oiΛ*a/u/='     obsolescent,  big(ly),   'do ~ have or have ~ got?'  'know about'  defense,   '(not) care less' Y... 2009.06.15
318Simple view'best foot' ugly/clever, plain(ly), banal, dullish, 'girl or woman?'  '-person', man/male,  '-ess' mistress/madam Y... 2009.06.15
317Simple view'iΛa*o/u/='    acknowledgements/sensitive/reasonability/formidable,   once/everyday,   commonly/ordinarily Y... 2009.06.08
316Simple viewroutinely, 'in back of'  back/up, back/v?  capacity,  "first lady"  noblewoman, retaliative, snug(ly), warmish Y... 2009.06.08
315Simple viewelements, near(ly), close(ly), godly,  'free gift?'  free(ly), gam,   'double passive'  abhominable,  likely/liable Y... 2009.06.08
314Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='    imperative/alleviate, wrought/wreak, nuts,  vs/v,  proceeding(s), formality/solemnities, taunt Y... 2009.06.02
313Simple view>> Corrected:                       [aiΛu] /P/pES/adjectives/adverbs,     [aiΛ=/P,  /MS/noun] 11. solemnities Y... 2010.04.25
312Simple viewcalumny/self-complacently, roughish, effect/affect, marque, P.S. give up, quantity of, roaringly/selectable Y... 2009.06.02
311Simple view'iΛ=*a/o/u'  full(y)/party/complicated/certain  'We sure are'  invaluable/priceless/irrevocability/irreversibility Y... 2009.05.26
310Simple view>> Corrected:                                         complicated/complex Y... 2009.08.28
309Simple viewphilosophic/stoic/cool/factualness/blind/luxuriant/intrinsic/organic/ambiguous,    cell phone,   (to) no end, - Y... 2009.05.26
308Simple view'=iΛ*a/o/u'   beg the question,  plead guilty,   teaser, huff and puff, look at, low(ly),  TV,  agree to,  toast Y... 2009.05.22
307Simple view>> Corrected:                                              [=iΛo]/S/aES Y... 2010.11.13
306Simple viewdeadline,   justly, unique, fairly, hang out,  quarter to,  repulsive/repellant,  ceremonious,  foully, reflect on Y... 2009.05.20
305Simple view'uiΛ*a/o/='  vulnerableness/signiificancy/impotency, soundly, bad(ly), bad/uptight/perchance, chance upon Y... 2009.05.15
304Simple view>> Corrections:                    difficultness  >>   exactingness       [uiΛo] Y... 2009.09.16
303Simple viewheadline,  especially/quieten/empathize/heal, await-for, everywhere, long (for), ill-temper, preside (over), - Y... 2009.05.15
302Simple view<<iΛu*a/o/=>>    medicine/pilot/crowd/feign,     'see television'   'hear radio'      lone(li)ly,  'only terrible' Y... 2009.05.11
301Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>   check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
300Simple viewdisorder(ed)ly, check(ed),   chess/check,  'part and parcel'  blatant/outright(ly), 'pillow sham' 'of course' Y... 2009.05.11
299Simple view'Λio*a/u/='     (im)possible/answerable/chargeable/TB/utilize,    'incomparable adj. equal'   'center (on)' - Y... 2009.05.04
298Simple view>> Corrected:                                    [Λio=] /P/pES/adjectives Y... 2010.07.05
297Simple view'very best'  estimate, shy/short,  'sort of',  (im)practicable, proportional, wild(ly), waits,  'check out it' - Y... 2009.05.04
296Simple view'oΛi*a/u/='   exceptional/lowly/fantastical/absurd(ness),  sick and tired,  nauseous/fundament(al)/(re)lax Y... 2009.04.27
295Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
294Simple viewbasic(ity)/organic(ity)/basically/sick(ly)/ID/good(ness)/why/where/entertainment/awful(ly), loads (of), - Y... 2009.04.27
293Simple view'Λia*o/u/='  follow-up, help, old-salt, sacrosanctity/still(y)/tip/anarchic(al)/exhilarative/capture/casino/- Y... 2009.04.20
292Simple view>> Corrections:   [Λiao]/verb   from /T/mES           &           To: Farlex, Inc. thefreedictionary.com Y... 2009.11.02
291Simple view'aΛi*o/u/='      role, act(ion), pro/professor, older/elderly, suss (out), git/gots, transformation, sociable Y... 2009.04.13
290Simple view>> Corrected:                                [aΛio/P,  noun/MS],   [aΛiu] /P/mES/verb,   [aΛi=]/S/mES Y... 2010.11.09
289Simple viewgroup/warm,  send/idioms,  experiment-with,  sure(ly),  absent, away, gone,  certain, convince, proven Y... 2009.04.13
288Simple view'Λi=*a/o/u'    simple/full/inward/inside/fine/soft   'enough glad' 'beautiful something'   else/tight/just/fair Y... 2009.04.06
287Simple viewstraightforward/stiff/firm  'all but' '- could care less' 'all of a sudden'  specialized/quick/swift/technologic Y... 2009.04.06
286Simple view'=Λi*a/o/u'   comprise/consist, fair(ly), 'fair up/off', 'mild (down)', pretty/very, unawarely, (un)aware-of Y... 2009.03.30
285Simple viewbeware,   'nice of/for ~ to do'   'these/all kind(s) of'   eas(il)y,  friend(li)ly,  route,  suspicious,  light(ly) Y... 2009.03.30
284Simple view'Λiu*a/o/='  want-for, wish, whether/if/that/when, but-what/that, would/should, touching/about, social Y... 2009.03.23
283Simple viewtetragraph 'uΛi*a/o/='    English accent/stress,  German/French, never,  'I will make not it',  mean/break Y... 2009.03.17
282Simple viewsimilar-as,  comparable-with,   (in)famous,  fine(ly),  continual,   'let/leave, permit',  'rather: had better' Y... 2009.03.17
281Simple view'a=o, a=Λ, Λ=o'           lit, definitive, optimum,  fortuitous/felicitous,  dairy, absolutely, partly,  passing Y... 2009.03.09
280Simple view>> Corrected:                         [Λ=o] /S/mES & /S/MS,            definitive/definite Y... 2010.07.06
279Simple view'aΛ=, =aΛ, =ou, Λ=a' purpose'ful'ly, of-choice, alternate, every-cars, of-any, at-all, any-better, any-old Y... 2009.03.09
278Simple vieweach-and-every, either/one-of, he-or-she, neither/none/they, 'all (of)', used-up, hopefully, (a)wake(n) Y... 2009.03.03
277Simple view'oΛ=, =oΛ, Λa=, =Λa'  all-and-sundry, several-of-the, funny/silly/go, all-that, be-all, like-to-went, close Y... 2009.02.23
276Simple view'uaΛ, ua=, oΛa, uoΛ'  awful(ly), bad(ly), foul/culture/finalize, in-fine, at-large, believe-in, healthful,  ŋ*h Y... 2009.02.17
275Simple view>> Corrections :                            [ua=] /T/mES Y... 2013.07.18
274Simple view'=ua, a=u, Λ=u, =uo'     search-for, soldier/sc(k)eptical,  quick(ly), all-of-a-sudden, in-earnest, for-sure Y... 2009.02.09
273Simple view>> Corrections:                          [a=u] /P/pES             "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2011.02.12
272Simple viewmean/excellent, opt/cope, elementary-school, Volksschule, digraph, physiognomy/2, GRECOnglish-sound Y... 2009.02.09
271Simple view>> Corrected:           " How do English-mother-tongue people mimic GRECOnglish sounds?" Y... 2009.02.25
270Simple view'o=a, o=Λ, o=u, uo='       fellow,  queer/gay,  barbarianism,  quote,  gossamered,  'patch up it'    prep/8 Y... 2009.02.02
269Simple view>> Corrected:                                          [uo=]/S/aES/verb Y... 2010.07.01
268Simple view'u=a, u=Λ, u=o, ou='     ugly/balky,  clever/affable,  'in vain'  sanguine/sanguinary/bloodthirsty,   prep/7 Y... 2009.01.27
267Simple viewso-as-to-help; for; for-the-sake-of; on-behalf-of; instead-of; in-service-of; toward(s); lasting;    etc. Y... 2009.01.23
266Simple view'auo, Λau, au=, =au'    transitive/intransitive,   kindly/please,  kindly/adjective?   'of: owned-by'  ya/yep Y... 2009.01.21
265Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
264Simple viewTo-begin-with, look-forward-to, either/neither/too,   prep/6,  at-the-same-time,   He is young.  passive Y... 2009.01.21
263Simple view'aΛo, Λou, Λo=, =Λo'     comfy,  'at random',  opt/shove, dumb/stupid, cater, toss,   'sore afraid'     'em Y... 2009.01.14
262Simple view>> Corrected:                                  [Λo=] /S/aES/verb Y... 2010.06.25
261Simple viewpoke/bag/etc.  ye/ge/yt/yat,   notwithstanding,     prep/5,     English preposition & Korean postposition Y... 2009.01.14
260Simple view'Λu=, =Λu, Λuo, oΛu'    cushy, good/well, anyplace/etc. presently, easy/easily,    prep/4,  'than: prep?' Y... 2009.01.08
259Simple view'uΛo, ouΛ, Λua, aΛu'     mammoth,  Howdy?  be-restless/concerned-to,  identify,  a-couple-of,   prep/2 Y... 2008.12.31