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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | brd2 | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, main :::


596 12 View counter   Join Member Login Admin
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   GPCR,    'quantum mechanics'     'quantum state'     'subatomic particle'     quark,   photon,     'quantum optics'

1.                   GPCR (Nobel Prize, chemistry)                     G-protein-coupled receptor

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/G-protein-coupled+receptor ,    
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), also known as seven-transmembrane domain receptors, 7TM receptors, heptahelical receptors, serpentine receptor, and G protein-linked receptors (GPLR),

comprise a large protein family of transmembrane receptors that sense molecules outside the cell and activate inside signal transduction pathways and, ultimately,

 cellular responses. G protein-coupled receptors are found only in eukaryotes, including yeast, choanoflagellates,[1] and animals. The ligands that bind and activate these receptors include light-sensitive compounds, odors, pheromones, hormones, and neurotransmitters, and vary in size from small molecules to peptides to large proteins. G protein-coupled receptors are involved in many diseases, and are also the target of approximately 30% of all modern medicinal drugs.[2][3]


"GPCR"                                   (pr/T + otein/P)/Ch                                protein
"GPLR"                             (pr/C1 + otein/GC/S/abT)/Ch                            protein


*                   "GPCR"  >>  "G protein-coupled receptor" /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp

"seven-transmembrane domain receptor"                    (z/C2 + [-i PCR]/GC/S/abT)/Ch                    "GPCR [zi-]"
"7TM receptor"                     (z/S + [-i PCR]/P)/Ch                           "GPCR [zi-]"
"heptahelical receptor"                    (z/T + [-i PCR]/P)/Ch                     "GPCR [zi-]"
"serpentine receptor"                   (z/GC/S/abT + [-i PCR]/P)/Ch                  "GPCR [zi-]"
"G protein-linked receptor"                    (z/C1 + [-i PCR]/GC/S/abT)/Ch                    "GPCR [zi-]"


*    "GPCR" >> comprises /GC/S/abE/+bp >> a /GC/S/abE/+cp >> large /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> protein /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> family /GC/P/abE/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/+cp >> trans /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> membrane /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> receptors /GC/S/abR/+bp >> that /GC/S/abR/+cp >> sense /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> molecules /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> outside /GC/P/abR/+bp >> the /GC/P/abR/+cp >> cell /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> and /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> activate /mGC/abE/+bp >> inside /mGC/abE/+cp >> signal /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> trans /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> duction /mGC/abR/+bp >> pathways /mGC/abR/+cp >> and /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> ultimately /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

"G-protein-coupled receptor" >> cellular /GC/S/abE/+bp >> responses /GC/S/abE/+cp >> G /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> protein /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> coupled /GC/P/abE/+bp >> receptors /GC/P/abE/+cp >> ~ ~ ~


There are two principal signal transduction pathways involving the G protein-coupled receptors: the cAMP signal pathway and the Phosphatidylinositol signal pathway.[4] When a ligand binds to the GPCR it causes a conformational change in the GPCR, which allows it to act as a guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF). The GPCR can then activate an associated G-protein by exchanging its bound GDP for a GTP. The G-protein's α subunit, together with the bound GTP, can then dissociate from the β and γ subunits to further affect intracellular signaling proteins or target functional proteins directly depending on the α subunit type (Gαs, Gαi/o, Gαq/11, Gα12/13).[5]:1160


http://news.yahoo.com/2012-nobel-prize-chemistry-awards-groundbreaking-cell-research-124651941.html ,  
2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry Awards Groundbreaking Cell Research
Two U.S. scientists have won the Nobel Prize in chemistry for discovering a primary way the billions of cells in the body sense their environment, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced today (Oct. 10).

In groundbreaking research, Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka figured out the inner workings of so-called G-protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs). These receptors, or tiny sensors on cells, interact with the fight-or-flight hormone adrenalin (also called epinephrine), dopamine, serotonin, light, flavor and odor.

In fact, in times of stress, a type of GPCR mediates the many effects of adrenaline, including dilation of pupils, constriction of blood vessels and heart-rate increase.

"The work of Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka has helped us to understand more fully how our cells react to external influences such as the hormone adrenalin," Martyn Poliakoff, foreign secretary and vice president of the Royal Society, said in a statement.

"Understanding how our bodies prepare for fight or flight is just one of the applications of their work, which has also opened the door for a wide range of new, more effective drug treatments with fewer side effects," Poliakoff added.

These receptors mediate the effects of about half of all medicines, including beta-blockers, antihistamines and several psychiatric medications. GCPRs are also quite complex, and so trying to image one of them seemed an elusive goal.

In 2011, Kobilka his research team did just that, capturing an image of one GCPR called β-adrenergic receptor (it binds with the hormone adrenaline) just as it was activated by the hormone and sending a signal into the cell. "This image is a molecular masterpiece – the result of decades of research," according to a statement on the Nobel Prize website. [In Photos: Nobel Prize Winners 2012]

When the Royal Society called to let Kobilka know of his award — it was the middle of the night for him in California — he missed it. Luckily, they called again, but even then Kobilka thought it was a prank. "I thought it was some friends initially. But I don't have friends with a really good Swedish accent so then I started believing it," he said during an interview with the Nobel Prize website.

Kobilka, of Stanford University School of Medicine, and Lefkowitz, of Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Duke University Medical Center, will receive their Nobel Prizes on Dec. 10.

The Nobel Prizes in physiology or medicine and in physics were announced Monday (Oct. 8) and Tuesday (Oct. 9), respectively; the Nobels in Literature and in Peace will be announced Thursday and Friday, respectively, with the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences to be announced Monday, Oct. 15.



2.                                  Quantum mechanics

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/quantum+mechanics ,  
Quantum mechanics, also known as quantum physics or quantum theory, is a branch of physics providing a mathematical description of much of the dual particle-like and wave-like behavior and interactions of energy and matter. It

 departs from classical mechanics primarily at the atomic and subatomic scales, the so-called quantum realm. In advanced topics of quantum mechanics, some of these behaviors are macroscopic and only emerge at very low or very high energies or temperatures. The name, coined by Max Planck, derives from the observation that some physical quantities can be changed only by discrete amounts, or quanta, as multiples of the Planck constant, rather than being capable of varying continuously or by any arbitrary amount. For example, the angular momentum, or more generally the action, of an electron bound into an atom or molecule is quantized. While an unbound electron does not exhibit quantized energy levels, an electron bound in an atomic orbital has quantized values of angular momentum. In the context of quantum mechanics, the wave–particle duality of energy and matter and the uncertainty principle provide a unified view of the behavior of photons, electrons and other atomic-scale objects.


"quantum mechanics"                    (m/GC/S/abT + echanics/C1)/Ch                   mechanics

*  "quantum mechanics"  >>  ("quantum physics" /GC/S/abT)/C1  >>  ("quantum theory" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C1


*    "Quantum mechanics" >> "a branch of physics" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> providing /GC/S/abE/+cp >> a /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> mathematical /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> description /GC/P/abE/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/+cp >> much /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> the /GC/S/abR/+bp >> dual /GC/S/abR/+cp >> particle /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> like /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> and /GC/P/abR/+bp >> wave /GC/P/abR/+cp >> like /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> behavior /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> and /mGC/abE/+bp >> inter /mGC/abE/+cp >> actions /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> of /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> energy /mGC/abR/+bp >> and /mGC/abR/+cp >> matter /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> It /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

"a branch of physics" >> departs /GC/S/abE/+bp >> from /GC/S/abE/+cp >> classical /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> mechanics /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> primarily /GC/P/abE/+bp >> at /GC/P/abE/+cp >> ~ ~ ~



3.                                  quantum state


"quantum state"                         (st/C2 + ate/GC/S/abT)/Ch                           state


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/quantum+state ,    
In quantum physics, a quantum state is a set of mathematical variables that fully describes a quantum system. For example, the set of 4 numbers {n, l, ml, ms} define the state of an electron within a hydrogen atom and are known as the electron's quantum numbers. More generally, the state of the system is represented by a single mathematical object known as a ket.

*    state >> "In quantum physics" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "a quantum state" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> "is a set of mathematical variables" /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> "that fully describes" /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> "a quantum system" /GC/P/abE/+bp >> "For example" /GC/P/abE/+cp >> "the set of 4 numbers" /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> n /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> l /GC/S/abR/+bp >> ml /GC/S/abR/+cp >> ms /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> define /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> "the state of an electron" /GC/P/abR/+bp >> "within a hydrogen atom" /GC/P/abR/+cp >> "and are known" /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> "as the electron's quantum numbers" /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> "More generally" /mGC/abE/+bp >> "the state" /mGC/abE/+cp >> "of the system" /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> "is represented" /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> "by a single" /mGC/abR/+bp >> mathematical /mGC/abR/+cp >> object /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> "known as a ket" /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp


Typically, one postulates some experimental apparatus and procedure which "prepares" this quantum state; the mathematical object then reflects the setup of the apparatus. Quantum states can be either pure or mixed. Pure states cannot be described as a mixture of others. Mixed states correspond to an experiment involving a random process that blends pure states together[1].

*    "quantum state" >> Typically /GC/S/abE/+bp >> one /GC/S/abE/+cp >> postulates /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> some /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> experimental /GC/P/abE/+bp >> apparatus /GC/P/abE/+cp >> and /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~



4.                                    subatomic particle

"subatomic particle"                           (p/P + article/T)/Ch                           particle

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/subatomic+particle ,  
In physics or chemistry, subatomic particles are the smaller particles composing nucleons and atoms. There are two types of subatomic particles: elementary particles, which are not made

 of other particles, and composite particles. Particle physics and nuclear physics study these particles and how they interact.[1]

*    particle >> "In physics" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "or chemistry" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> "subatomic particles" /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> are /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> the /GC/P/abE/+bp >> smaller /GC/P/abE/+cp >> particles /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> composing /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> nucleons /GC/S/abR/+bp >> and /GC/S/abR/+cp >> atoms /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> There /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> are /GC/P/abR/+bp >> two /GC/P/abR/+cp >> types /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> subatomic /mGC/abE/+bp >> particles /mGC/abE/+cp >> elementary /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> particles /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> which /mGC/abR/+bp >> are /mGC/abR/+cp >> not /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> made /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

"subatomic particle" >> of /GC/S/abE/+bp >> other /GC/S/abE/+cp >> particles /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> and /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> composite /GC/P/abE/+bp >> particles /GC/P/abE/+cp >> ~ ~ ~


Elementary particles of the Standard Model include:[2]
•    Six "flavors" of quarks: up, down, bottom, top, strange, and charm;
•    Six types of leptons: electron, electron neutrino, muon, muon neutrino, tau, tau neutrino;
•    Twelve gauge bosons (force carriers): the photon of electromagnetism, the three W and Z bosons of the weak force, and the eight gluons of the strong force.

Composite subatomic particles (such as protons or atomic nuclei) are bound states of two or more elementary particles. For example, a proton is made of two up quarks and one down quark, while the atomic nucleus of helium-4 is composed of two protons and two neutrons. Composite particles include all hadrons, a group composed of baryons (e.g., protons and neutrons) and mesons (e.g., pions and kaons).



5.                                        quark


quark                            ([ŋ=  y=]/T + electron/P)/Ch                             electron

hadron                             ([ŋ=  y=]/T + electron/P)                               electron

proton                             ([ŋ=  y=]/T + electron/S)                               electron

neutron                           ([ŋ=  y=]/T + electron/S)/Ch                            electron



http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Quark ,  
[From Three quarks for Muster Mark!, a line in Finnegans Wake by James Joyce.]

Word History:    "Three quarks for Muster Mark! / Sure he hasn't got much of a bark / And sure any he has it's all beside the mark." This passage from James Joyce's Finnegans Wake, part of a scurrilous 13-line poem directed against King Mark, the cuckolded husband in the Tristan legend, has left its mark on modern physics. The poem and the

 accompanying prose are packed with names of birds and words suggestive of birds, and the poem is a squawk against

 the king that suggests the cawing of a crow. The word quark comes from the standard English verb quark, meaning "to caw, croak," and also from the dialectal verb quawk, meaning "to caw, screech like a bird." It is easy to see why Joyce chose the word, but why should it have become the name for a group of hypothetical subatomic particles proposed as the fundamental units of matter? Murray Gell-Mann, the physicist who proposed this name for these particles, said in a private letter of June 27, 1978, to the editor of the Oxford English Dictionary that he had been influenced by Joyce's words: "The allusion to three quarks seemed perfect" (originally there were only three subatomic quarks). Gell-Mann, however, wanted to pronounce the word with (ô) not (ä), as Joyce seemed to indicate by rhyming words in the vicinity such as Mark. Gell-Mann got around that "by supposing that one ingredient of the line 'Three quarks for Muster Mark' was a cry of 'Three quarts for Mister . . . ' heard in H.C. Earwicker's pub," a plausible suggestion given the complex punning in Joyce's novel. It seems appropriate that this perplexing and humorous novel should have supplied the term for particles that come in six "flavors" and three "colors."


"word history"                      ([ŋ=  y=]/P + etymology/T)/Ch                    etymology



*   quark  >>  ("Three quarks for Muster Mark!" /T/Ch)/GC/S/abT
*   quark  >>  ("Sure he hasn't got much of a bark" /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT
*   quark  >>  ("And sure" /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT
*   quark  >>  ("any he has" /C2/Ch)/GC/S/abT
*   quark  >>  ("it's all" /P/Ch)/T
*   quark  >>  ("beside the mark" /S/Ch)/T
*   quark  >>  ("This passage" /C2/Ch)/T
*   quark  >>  ("from James Joyce's Finnegans Wake" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T
*   quark  >>  ("part of a scurrilous" /T/Ch)/P
*   quark  >>  ("13-line" /S/Ch)/P
*   quark  >>  ("poem directed against King Mark" /C2/Ch)/P
*   quark  >>  ("the cuckolded"/GC/S/abT/Ch)/P
*   quark  >>  (husband /T/Ch)/S
*   quark  >>  (" with each other" /P/Ch)/S
*   quark  >>  ("in the Tristan legend" /C2/Ch)/S
*   quark  >>  ("has left" /GC/S/abT/Ch)/S
*   quark  >>  ("its mark on modern physics" /T/Ch)/C2
*   quark  >>  ("The poem" /P/Ch)/C2
*   quark  >>  (and /S/Ch)/C2
*   quark  >>  (the /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C2

*   quarks >> (accompanying /T/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (prose /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (are /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (packed /C2/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (with /P/Ch)/T >> (names /S/Ch)/T >> (of /C2/Ch)/T >> (birds /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T >> (and /T/Ch)/P >> (words /S/Ch)/P >> (suggestive /C2/Ch)/P >> (of /GC/S/abT/Ch)/P >> (birds /T/Ch)/S >> (and /P/Ch)/S >> (the /C2/Ch)/S >> (poem /GC/S/abT/Ch)/S >> (is /T/Ch)/C2 >> (a /P/Ch)/C2 >> (squawk /S/Ch)/C2 >> (against /GC/S/abT/Ch)/C2

*   electron >> (the /T/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (king /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (that /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (suggests /C2/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (the /P/Ch)/T >> (cawing /S/Ch)/T >> (of /C2/Ch)/T >> (a /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T >> (crow /T/Ch)/P >> ~ ~ ~


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/quark ,    
A quark (pronounced /kwΛrk/ or /kwark/) is an elementary particle and a fundamental constituent of matter. Quarks combine to form composite particles called hadrons, the most stable of which are protons and neutrons,

 the components of atomic nuclei.[1] Due to a phenomenon known as color confinement, quarks are never found in isolation; they can only be found within hadrons.[2][3] For this reason, much of what is known about quarks has been drawn from observations of the hadrons themselves.

*    quark >> "an elementary particle" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> and /GC/S/abE/+cp >> a /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> fundamental /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> constituent /GC/P/abE/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/+cp >> matter /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> Quarks /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> combine /GC/S/abR/+bp >> to /GC/S/abR/+cp >> form /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> composite /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> particles /GC/P/abR/+bp >> called /GC/P/abR/+cp >> hadrons /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> the /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> most /mGC/abE/+bp >> stable /mGC/abE/+cp >> of /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> which /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> are /mGC/abR/+bp >> protons /mGC/abR/+cp >> and /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> neutrons /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

electron >> the /GC/S/abE/+bp >> components /GC/S/abE/+cp >> of /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> atomic /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> nuclei /GC/P/abE/+bp >> Due /GC/P/abE/+cp >> to /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~


There are six types of quarks, known as flavors: up, down, charm, strange, top, and bottom.[4] Up and down quarks have the lowest masses of all quarks. The heavier quarks rapidly change into up and down quarks through a process of particle decay: the transformation from a higher mass state to a lower mass state. Because of this, up and down quarks are generally stable and the most common in the universe, whereas charm, strange, top, and bottom quarks can only be produced in high energy collisions (such as those involving cosmic rays and in particle accelerators).

*   quarks >> (up /T)/S >> (down /T/Ch)/S >> (charm /P)/S >> (strange /P/Ch)/S >> (top /C2)/S >> (bottom /C2/Ch)/S


Quarks have various intrinsic properties, including electric charge, color charge, spin, and mass. Quarks are the only elementary particles in the Standard Model of particle physics to experience all four fundamental interactions, also known as fundamental forces (electromagnetism, gravitation, strong interaction, and weak interaction), as well as the only known particles whose electric charges are not integer multiples of the elementary charge. For every quark flavor there is a corresponding type of antiparticle, known as antiquark, that differs from the quark only in that some of its properties have equal magnitude but opposite sign.

The quark model was independently proposed by physicists Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig in 1964.[5] Quarks were introduced as parts of an ordering scheme for hadrons, and there was little evidence for their physical existence until deep inelastic scattering experiments at SLAC in 1968.[6][7] All six flavors of quark have since been observed in accelerator experiments; the top quark, first observed at Fermilab in 1995, was the last to be discovered.[5]



6.                                   photon


photon                               (l/GC/S/abT + ight/S)/Ch                                 light


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/photon ,    
In physics, a photon is an elementary particle, the quantum of the electromagnetic interaction and the basic unit of light and all other forms

 of electromagnetic radiation. In other words a photon is a little packet of energy which can carry electromagnetic radiation. It is also the force carrier for the electromagnetic force. The effects of this force are easily observable at both the microscopic and macroscopic level, because the photon has no rest mass; this allows for interactions at long distances. Like all elementary particles, photons are currently best explained by quantum mechanics and will exhibit wave–particle duality, exhibiting properties of both waves and particles. For example, a single photon may be refracted by a lens or exhibit wave interference with itself, but also act as a particle giving a definite result when quantitative momentum is measured.

*    light >> "In physics" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "a photon" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> is /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> an /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> elementary /GC/P/abE/+bp >> particle /GC/P/abE/+cp >> the /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> quantum /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> of /GC/S/abR/+bp >> the /GC/S/abR/+cp >> electro /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> magnetic /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> inter /GC/P/abR/+bp >> action /GC/P/abR/+cp >> and /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> the /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> basic /mGC/abE/+bp >> unit /mGC/abE/+cp >> of /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> light /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> and /mGC/abR/+bp >> all /mGC/abR/+cp >> other /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> forms /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

photon >> of /GC/S/abE/+bp >> electro /GC/S/abE/+cp >> magnetic /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> radiation /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> In /GC/P/abE/+bp >> other /GC/P/abE/+cp >> words /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~



7.                                   Quantum optics


"quantum optics"                         ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + optics/P)/Ch                        optics


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Quantum+optics ,    
Quantum optics is a field of research in physics, dealing with the application of quantum mechanics to phenomena involving light and its interactions with matter.

*    "quantum optics" >> "a field of research" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> in /GC/S/abE/+cp >> physics /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> dealing /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> with /GC/P/abE/+bp >> the /GC/P/abE/+cp >> application /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> quantum /GC/S/abR/+bp >> mechanics /GC/S/abR/+cp >> to /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> phenomena /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> involving /GC/P/abR/+bp >> light /GC/P/abR/+cp >> and /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> its /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> inter /mGC/abE/+bp >> actions /mGC/abE/+cp >> with /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> matter /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp


History of quantum optics
Light is made up of particles called photons and hence inherently is "grainy" (quantized). Quantum optics is the study of the nature and effects of light as quantized photons. The first indication that light might be quantized came from Max Planck in 1899 when he correctly modeled blackbody radiation. By assuming that, Bohr showed that the atoms were also quantized, in the sense that they could only emit discrete amounts of energy. The understanding of the interaction between light and matter following these developments not only formed the basis of quantum optics but were also crucial for the development of quantum mechanics as a whole. However, the subfields of quantum mechanics dealing with matter-light interaction were principally regarded as research into matter rather than into light; hence one rather spoke of atom physics and quantum electronics in 1960. Laser science—i.e., research into principles, design and application of these devices—became an important field, and the quantum mechanics underlying the laser's principles was studied now with more emphasis on the properties of light, and the name quantum optics became customary.

"quantum optics" >> History /mGC/abR/+bp >> of /mGC/abR/+cp >> quantum /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> optics /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

*    optics >> Light /GC/S/abE/+bp >> is /GC/S/abE/+cp >> made /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> up /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> of /GC/P/abE/+bp >> particles /GC/P/abE/+cp >> called /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> photons /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> ~ ~ ~

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596Simple view***   NOTICE (공지) :   member registration (sign in) for LOGIN,        (LOGIN을 위한 회원 가입) Y... 2013.01.04
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594Simple view   European Union (EU),            Quantum field theory (QFT),       spacetime,      relativity,         Einstein Y... 2012.10.14
593Now readingGPCR,    'quantum mechanics'     'quantum state'     'subatomic particle'     quark,   photon,     'quantum optics' Y... 2012.10.12
592Simple viewParkinson's disease,      Nobel Prize,    TNT,     quantum,    'quantum computer'    'quantum electronics'     laser Y... 2012.10.11
591Simple viewInfluenza viruses,   bubonic plague,   Lou Gehrig’s disease,    visa,   Dracula,    DNA/RNA,    stem cell,   iPS cell Y... 2012.10.09
590Simple viewHarvest moon,  Thanksgiving Day,  Oktoberfest,          bacteria/virus/norovirus/vaccine/cancer/genome/rotavirus Y... 2012.10.03
589Simple viewplanet/Earth/Mars/Venus/Uranus/Neptune/Mercury/Jupiter/Pluto/Saturn,      El Niño,  La Niña,     Global warming Y... 2012.10.01
588Simple viewSARS,     Antibiotic,     SAT,       Medicare/Medicaid,       Salmonella,       Alzheimer,       autism,       Moon River Y... 2012.09.27
587Simple view'US dollar'   'US coins'   'State Quarters'      'Seal of the United States'   'E pluribus unum'     Canada, South Africa Y... 2012.09.24
586Simple view'Stay Away From Seattle Day'   nanny, HIV/AIDS,   superbug,  'avian flu', Tamiflu,  GMO,   'National Singles Week' Y... 2012.09.20
585Simple viewrather/quick/question/laconic/scan/boycott/outlaw/amount/fee, precipitate, bless,/regretful/formidable/automatic Y... 2012.09.16
584Simple viewcomplete, fey, damned, important, saving, elder, blatant, tsar, humor, chortle, exist, assure, net, complex, empty Y... 2012.09.16
583Simple view'iuΛ*a//o/='          sex, torturous/tortuous, reaction, accessory, complement/compliment, boast, advance, occur Y... 2012.09.16
582Simple view>>                                        Vowel chart                        (& glossary) Y... 2012.09.16
581Simple view'negative prefix/suffix'       'Labor Day'             'Capital cities' (Washington DC)     'capitals in USA'         WSPD Y... 2012.09.09
580Simple view'Gabrielle Dee 'Gabby' Giffords'       'Assassination of John F. Kennedy'       'schwa ∂ (Λ)'     'be' - inflection,      lingerie Y... 2012.08.28
579Simple view'Phonetics between West/East astrology'                  'Why gold/silver/bronze medal?'                   'why left-handed??' Y... 2012.08.14
578Simple view>>                                        other left-handed celebrities Y... 2013.08.14
577Simple viewColo. James Eagen Holmes   <bad name>          “The Dark Knight Rises.”            Batman,                  Schizophrenia Y... 2012.08.01
576Simple viewPeter Higgs, <Higgs boson>              Korea, 한국 [han gug], 韓國 or 瀚國 ??             swastika; Why Buddhist symbol?? Y... 2012.07.22
575Simple viewJapan/China/Vietnam/Thai-/Cambodia/Laos/Burma/Malaysia/Indonesia/Brunei/Singapore/Philippines/Taiwan/Okinawa Y... 2012.07.12
574Simple view         Who/how made English/German/French spellings??               'Indo-European'       Aryan Y... 2012.07.03
573Simple viewso-called,   self-styled,   various,  different,   practically,   service,  nest,     alternative/alternate,     otherwise/other Y... 2012.07.02
572Simple viewsmart,  rarely,  only,  reduction,  group,  'can't help but',  suffer,  evoke,  careen,  able,  just,  fair/fairly,  good/well Y... 2012.07.02
571Simple viewhubbub, prison, dungeon, situation, belfry, dinner, banquet, loaf, dress, require, prefer/preferable, raid, same, bad Y... 2012.06.29
570Simple viewdoubt, quiz, fire, challenged, mutual, crucial, moot, firstly, right, worry, race, vogue, 'look to', revolution, need/must Y... 2012.06.26
569Simple view'oui*aΛ='    data, dope, comptroller, regard, valediction, hassle, obviate, eliminate, harass, scold, rap, 'riot act' Y... 2012.06.26
568Simple viewstem cell,    snafu/Supermoon/derby,     Luzon Sea, South China Sea,     Financial Derivatives,        Big Ben,        K2 Y... 2012.06.12
567Simple view          common/same  (phonetic) structure  in  Korean,  Chinese,  Japanese  &  English  alphabets/characters Y... 2012.05.31
566Simple view>>  Corrected                               "J *(Y/Ch),  Q *(Z/Ch)  &  X *(S/Ch)", English Y... 2013.02.21
565Simple viewgrieve/speed/fact/lingo,     Amish,     Scarborough/Panatag Shoal,      Parece Vela, (沖ノ鳥島), 冲鸟礁, Okinotorishima Y... 2012.05.04
564Simple view'uio*a/Λ/='    wish/series/fellow/item/period,   be/strike, affect/effect, dare,   very/dig/theme/fun/gambit/discomfit Y... 2012.05.04
563Simple viewPAC,   individual,         동해東海/일본해日本海/한국해韓國海,         and/or,    fraud,    'hedge fund',   'hall of fame',   arse Y... 2012.04.15
562Simple viewtemple/fiction/legend/status/group/impeach/lay/set/emotional,    percent(age), sack/fire,      'modal aux.'  dilemma Y... 2012.04.06
561Simple view'=ui*a/Λ/o'    ketchup/pickle/advise/holler,  'powerful/mighty, metathesis'  bad(ly), intense/medium, impact/contact Y... 2012.04.06
560Simple viewa/an/the/every/one/that/those,          flea market, Niagara/commencement,           supercalifragilisticexpialidocious Y... 2012.03.20
559Simple viewsimilarity between English & Korean/Seoul articulations (articulation of /abD or /abThr),         Nestorius & Prester John Y... 2012.03.11
558Simple viewlb/eg/etc.     Spanish/Basque/Catalan/~     Korean's,  'of ^Korean^ culture'     'head/tail consonants'    'worm moon' Y... 2012.03.08
557Simple viewSenkaku せんか Islands, 釣魚台群島,       Hokkaido/Ainu, Sakhalin/Сахалин,       Liancourt Rocks 독도,  Tsushima Y... 2012.03.06
556Simple view釣魚台群島/尖閣諸島, 琉球諸島, 南西諸島, 薩南諸島, 吐噶喇列島, 沖縄諸島, 慶良間諸島, 先島諸島, 宮古列島, 八重山諸島 Y... 2013.05.05
555Simple view Socotra Rock 이어도,      Falklands,       Paracel Islands,       Spratly Islands,     Yonaguni 與那國,     Hans Island Y... 2012.04.20
554Simple viewslave/Slav,    'Black History Month'    bidet/shampoo/doomsday,   'six pack abs'    birdie/par,     Sparta/Athens Y... 2012.02.18
553Simple viewavenge, scold, anxious, 'auxiliary verb', off, ugly/clever, absolute (term), like, run, able, hardly,           M&M Y... 2012.02.13
552Simple viewacquiesce, check, get, numb, coward, amount, principal, couple, husband, pair, set,  (ad)dress,  'call oneself' Y... 2012.02.13
551Simple viewfounder/flounder, author, passed/past, permit (of), way(s), ticket, race, series, (a)wake(n), mean(s), comprise Y... 2012.02.13
550Simple viewbug, contrast, vulgar, distinct(ive), crucial, contrast,  practicable/practical,  alternative/alternate, role, need Y... 2012.02.13
549Simple view'ui=*a/Λ/o'  act(ion), credentialed, best, spree, plane, number, 'look to', ilk, chagrin, senior/downsize, hassle Y... 2012.02.13
548Simple view>> Corrected                                  "verb /C1 & /S" Y... 2012.04.06
547Simple view       +'Phonetic study  on  English  nouns'        < Lingering of articles >        'definite/indefinite article' Y... 2012.02.13
546Simple view>>         'English  verb/adjective/adverb'     (derived nouns)               < have / be as v.aux. > Y... 2012.02.13
545Simple view             Mr.   Mrs.   씨,   さん,   氏              English/Korean/Japanese/Chinese  honorifics Y... 2012.02.13
544Simple view'Lost Generation',         'black hole'           Pearl S. Buck,          ** Beethoven **         <periodic table> Y... 2011.12.09
543Simple viewThomas Mann,   Ernest Hemingway,   Winston Churchill,   Rabindranath Tagore,    *Albert Einstein*   川端 康成 Y... 2011.11.25
542Simple view   Jane Austen,   Franz Kafka,   Virginia Woolf,   James Joyce,   Ezra Pound,   Gustave Flaubert,   George Sand Y... 2011.11.21
541Simple viewnickname,  'slave states'   'Roman numeral'    Conan Doyle,   Charles Baudelaire,   Mark Twain,    Helen Keller Y... 2011.11.21
540Simple viewIndian/Interlingua,     Leyzer Zamenhof,   'a pair of scissors',     Benjamin Franklin,    Poe/Yeats,   H. G. Wells Y... 2011.11.09
539Simple view'Occupy Wall -'    adjectives;    'US' Presidents'  Lincoln/Washington/Jefferson,   'Declaration of Independence' Y... 2011.11.02
538Simple view    Herman Melville,  G. A. Henty,  Oliver Wendell Holmes,  John Greenleaf Whittier,    James Russell Lowell Y... 2011.10.28
537Simple viewJoseph Conrad,  Lawrence/Hogarth,  Flinders Petrie,  Amelia Edwards,  Gaston Maspero,  Nathaniel Hawthorne Y... 2011.10.21
536Simple view    George Bernard Shaw,        William Archer,  Alfred Sutro,  Maurice Maeterlinck,  Henrik Ibsen,   Maupassant Y... 2011.10.15
535Simple viewBalzac,  Charles Dickens,    Leo Tolstoy,  Fyodor Dostoevsky,   Pushkin/Gogol/Gorky/Turgenev,  Anton Chekhov Y... 2011.10.12
534Simple viewJohn Dryden,  Jonathan Swift,  Alexander Pope,  William Cowper,  John Fletcher,       Walter Scott,     Stendhal Y... 2011.10.05
533Simple viewPliny the Younger,  Petronius, Tacitus,     Martial,  Silius Italicus, Quintilian,     Seneca,   William Lisle Bowles Y... 2011.09.29
532Simple viewSamuel Taylor Coleridge,  William Wordsworth,  Emerson,    Virgil/Ovid/Horace/Statius,   Suetonius,  Juvenal Y... 2011.09.26
531Simple viewAugust Bebel,  Herbert Spencer,            Charles Darwin,        Jean-Baptiste Lamarck,     Thomas Henry Huxley Y... 2011.09.23
530Simple viewEdmund Spenser, Franz Liszt,  Victor Hugo, Alphonse de Lamartine, Heinrich Heine,  Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels Y... 2011.09.17
529Simple viewLilly/Tasso, James Henry Leigh Hunt, Samuel Daniel, Martha Foote Crow, Claudio Monteverdi,  Richard Wagner Y... 2011.09.04
528Simple viewRobert Herrick, Samuel Pepys, William Caxton, Henry B. Wheatley, Swinburne, Christina Rossetti,   Vampyre Y... 2011.09.01
527Simple viewHeinrich Bullinger,  Johannes Brenz,  Georg Joachim Rheticus,  Philipp Melanchthon,  William Alabaster Y... 2011.09.01
526Simple viewPetrus Ramus,  Theodore Beza,  Philip Schaff,  Joachim Westphal,  François Hotman,  'The Right to Heresy' Y... 2011.08.07
525Simple viewAdam Smith,  Cassius Dio,    Stephanus,  William Smith,  Pausanias,  Marcus Aurelius, Diogenes Laërtius Y... 2011.08.03
524Simple view>> Corrected                                <Moralia> Y... 2011.08.31
523Simple viewTorricelli, Bernoulli, 'Jean le Rond d'Alembert', Diderot, 'Ephraim Chambers', 'Pierre Bayle', 'Laurence Sterne' Y... 2011.07.26
522Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
521Simple viewHero/Vitruvius Apollonius/Diophantus/Theon,       d'Aguilon, 'John Aubrey', 'François Viète', Oughtred/Pascal Y... 2011.07.21
520Simple viewCusa/Nunes/Vesalius/Borelli, 'de Vere', Stanley,  Vinci/Michelangelo/Raphael, 'Luca Pacioli',   Vasari/Alberti Y... 2011.07.12
519Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.24
518Simple viewGuicciardini, 'Pico della Mirandola', Frisius*, Nostradamus, 'Sir Philip Sidney', Milton/Chaucer/Boiardo/Cardano Y... 2011.07.05
517Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
516Simple viewShelley/Keats/Byron/Castelli/Orta/Wycliffe/Huss,  'Mary Sidney',  Baïf/Montaigne/Buchanan, 'Marie de Gournay' Y... 2011.07.01
515Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
514Simple viewMarlowe/Nashe/Chapman, 'Ben Jonson', 'Beaumont & Fletcher', Marston/Fleay/Glapthorne/Warburton/Brome Y... 2011.06.24
513Simple viewVarro/Catullus/Livy/Sallust,   Ovid/Apuleius/Horace/Lucretius,      Calvin/Servetus/Zwingli/Cranmer/Luther Y... 2011.06.19
512Simple viewSavonarola/Colet/Erasmus/Loyola/Ficino/Mirandola/Gracián/Swedenborg/Ockham/Abelard,    Latin,   'Lex Talio' Y... 2011.06.12
511Simple viewTerence/Menippus/Arcesilaus/Theophras-,  Voltaire/Maupertuis/Schiller/Winckelmann/Rochefoucauld/Cervantes Y... 2011.06.07
510Simple viewBoccaccio/Petrarch/Helvétius/Cesare/Malthus,  Say/Gresham,  Machiavelli/Telesio/Boyle/Bacon/Kepler/Brahe Y... 2011.06.04
509Simple viewHerder/Sanai/Hafez,  Dante, 'Adam Smith', 'Richard Cantillon', 'Henry More', ''Isaac Newton', Ricardo/Bentham Y... 2011.06.01
508Simple viewBerkeley, 'Giordano Bruno', Spinoza/Rousseau/Fichte/Hölderlin/Schelling, 'Jakob Böhme', Hamann/Goethe/Vigo Y... 2011.05.29
507Simple view'Thomas Hobbes' 'John Stuart Mill' 'Arthur Schopenhauer' 'Friedrich Nietzsche' Hegel/Kant/Hume/Locke/Leibniz Y... 2011.05.26
506Simple viewGalileo/Orpheus/Argonautica/Strabo,    'Augustine of Hippo', Neoplatonism/Enneads/Cicero/Anselm/Descartes Y... 2011.05.24
505Simple view                              "English    spelling/vocabulary"                   (Korean connection) Y... 2011.05.19
504Simple viewPyrrho/Galen/Avicenna/Averroes/Maimonides, 'Albertus Magnus', 'Thomas Aquinas', 'Duns Scotus', Copernicus Y... 2011.05.17
503Simple viewArchimedes/Aspasia/Euclid/Hipparchus/Hippocrates/Leonidas/Pericles/Ptolemy/Solon/Themistocles/Epicurus Y... 2011.05.14
502Simple view             Phonetic study    on   German/French   words/sentences Y... 2011.05.13
501Simple view'Milesian school'  'Seven Wonders'  Eleatics/sophism/pluralist/Cynics/Stoic/Montesquieu/Suda/eureka/Vitruvius Y... 2011.05.11
500Simple viewAeschylus/Aesop/Euripides/Hesiod,   Homer/Lucian/Menander/Pindar,  Polybius/Sappho/Sophocles, Alcibiades Y... 2011.05.11
499Simple viewThales/Anaximander/Anaximenes/Pythagoras,  Anaxagoras/Empedocles,  Antisthenes/Diogenes/Crates/Zeno Y... 2011.05.07
498Simple view'geologic era'  'Stone Age'   Yahoo/Google   'Know yourself'   introspection   'Seven Sages'   'material monism' Y... 2011.05.05
497Simple viewSocrates/Thucydides/Plutarch/Herodotus/Xenophon/Aristophanes/Plato/Aristotle/Parmenides/Democritus, etc. Y... 2011.05.04
496Simple view                           phonetic analysis on     Buddha  &  Buddhism Y... 2011.05.04
495Simple viewPhonetic analysis on   Hinduism/Veda/Sanskrit/Prakrit/Zoroaster, Manichaeism/Mani,  Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh Y... 2011.04.29
494Simple view'net-cutting'  'country music'  'General Zod'      BC/AD  'Independence day'     BCE/CE    '(Before) Common Era' Y... 2011.04.14
493Simple view    'phonetic study on Jesus Christ  &  Moshe'             'Twelve Apostles'              'Hellenistic civilization??' Y... 2011.04.10
492Simple view           translation :           논어(論語)/공자(孔子/Confucius),               etymological analysis Y... 2011.04.08
491Simple view'論語/논어 [non  ŋΛ]  &  Old Testament'       Torah/Pentateuch         'Why Torah, Prophets, Writings, 四書五經' Y... 2011.04.05
490Simple view'lady-in-waiting'  Confucius/Mencius/Laozi/Micius  popcorn  'Generation Y/X'  'Wonder Woman'       I/you    etc. Y... 2011.04.02
489Simple viewfraction/ordinal,   'national flowers'   'Department of State'    'God bless you!'   'daylight saving time'   *BC/AD Y... 2011.03.20
488Simple view"&/and",                  italic,  ride/drive,       Morrison, Messiah/Immanuel,  succeed,     'Virgin Mary'  Joseph Y... 2011.03.15
487Simple view‘Moby-Dick’     'Coca Cola'       pronouns/4,  'Chinese carry-out'     'days of months'     'leap year (day)'   date Y... 2011.03.04
486Simple view'The Star-Spangled Banner'   &   'God Save the Queen'   &    'Land of Hope and Glory';        national anthems Y... 2011.02.10
485Simple view         'La Marseillaise'              Deutschlandlied              'National anthem of Austria' Y... 2013.05.12
484Simple view'Ask not'/America       months  'days of the week'  day/week/month/year  '(the) first'  hamburger  'Super Bowl' Y... 2011.02.09
483Simple view'passive voice'               'shoe-string budget?'  'you know'  'by the way'  'eh/well'  'blood libel'    'last supper' Y... 2011.01.14
482Simple view'Do I know you?'           'Season's Greetings'  'Auld Lang Syne'      'Christian cross,  resurrection'    'Red Cross' Y... 2011.01.08
481Simple view'Moses & Jesus Christ'            Christ/Jesus,   'Christmas card'   'Why Santa is old man'   MoU,      'Three Magi' Y... 2010.12.25
480Simple view"Shakespeare   &  Plutarch"                  'Sir Thomas More'   'G6'     oneself/myself/ourselves/etc.    ID Y... 2010.12.23
479Simple view'Why wedding dresses are white'              Halloween/제사,  denim, angel(s), eve, Ivy/steak, 'Rhode Island' Y... 2010.12.19
478Simple viewThanksgiving-day,         SantaClaus,           countries,      "silent letter??"     waffle/빈대떡/cupcake Y... 2010.11.26
477Simple view>> More considerations on  "silent letter??";     between GRECOnglish & orthodox English pronunciations Y... 2010.11.27
476Simple view"for the people, by the people, of the people"                          "I have a dream"      yes/no Y... 2010.10.10
475Simple view'it :  imp. v.??'              methinks                               Memorial/Mother's Day,    'hat trick'  franchise/may Y... 2010.06.05
474Simple view"Phonetics/linguistics  &  Bible"                                            "dirty Chinese??" Y... 2010.04.20
473Simple view'aui*Λ/o/='        exigency, need/longing, matter, pressure/force, hurry/rush, weight/postulate/concept/picture Y... 2010.04.05
472Simple view>> Corrected:                   [auiΛ]/S/mES, /S/MS;    [auio]/S/mES, /T/mES, /C1/mES;   [aui=]/P/pES Y... 2010.08.14
471Simple viewview/viewpoint, scheme/surmise/lack/economy/feature,  detail/topic,  item/issue,  point/case,  trifle/matter Y... 2010.04.05
470Simple viewaffair/terrific,  spooky/spook, dreadful/fearsome/awesome/traditional,  customary/familiar,  normal/average Y... 2010.04.05
469Simple viewusual/general,  common/routine, standard, apropos, related/relati-,  germane/cognate, tempor-, fly-by-night Y... 2010.04.05
468Simple viewpassing,  fugitive, 'short-lived', transient/ably/momentarily/amplify/stretch,  expand/wax,  augment/raise Y... 2010.04.05
467Simple viewheighten/lengthen,  embarra-/discountena-,  'show up', offend,  chagrin/vex, mortify/abash,  incarna-/personi- Y... 2010.04.05
466Simple viewrepresent/depict,  illustrate/explicate, codify, manifest, rubbish,  malign/libel,  abuse/mar, decry, blacken Y... 2010.04.05
465Simple viewsignificance/fervour/ebullience,  weight/emphasis, distillation/water/dew/perspiration/moisture/spray/bigotry Y... 2010.04.05
464Simple viewchutzpah', fight, payoff, path,  consequences/end, result(s), verdict,  upshot/event, compatible, consonant Y... 2010.04.05
463Simple viewsociable, convivial,  'dyed in the wool', universal, overall,  total/downright, worldwide,  'far-flung', entire Y... 2010.04.05
462Simple viewwhole/patient,  mild/equab-, kind/generali-/interpola-,  sophisticate/pervert, counsel/instruct,  refine/temper Y... 2010.04.05
461Simple viewhype/razzmatazz, razzle-dazzle, spotlight, play-up, write-up,  champion/uphold, develop,  defend, 'plead for' Y... 2010.04.05
460Simple viewhelp,  advocate/recommend,  puzzle/poser, problem, inconsistency, 'closed book', conundrum, fabrication Y... 2010.04.05
459Simple viewforgery/phony, lie(s), fiction, myth,  fake/counterfeit,  takings, arrest/bust,  catching/espial, trappings/bard Y... 2010.04.05
458Simple viewimprisonment/detenti-, seizure,  dignity, 'self-importa-', decorum/etiquet-,  grandeur/prominen-, proprieties Y... 2010.04.05
457Simple viewsolemnities/gravity,  majesties, 'His Honour, etc.',  destitute, 'down and out',  poor, 'bad(ly) off', 'well-off' Y... 2010.04.05
456Simple viewneedy,  short/low, jovial,  lively, 'full of beans', congenial/ratty/peevish,  sour/tart,  surly/churlish, peppery Y... 2010.04.05
455Simple viewtesty/heady/snappish, unlimited/incomparable/peremptory/complain,  grumble/bellyache, carp/kvetch, groan Y... 2010.04.05
454Simple viewwail/soothe,  'relieve (yourself)', soften/mitigate/scold/blame,  correct/chasten, discipline/censure/advertise Y... 2010.04.05
453Simple viewfortis(?) consonants,                                    Short(?) Program,  Democrat/donkey,  Valentine's Day Y... 2010.02.24
452Simple view>>                                              θ/ð/v/f Y... 2014.03.09
451Simple viewDifference between English & GRECOnglish/GC,                                             pronouns,   'Excuse me.' Y... 2010.01.23
450Simple view'Λui*a/o/=', business/craft, work/occupation, call/job, line/field, condition/symptoms/disorder/appointments Y... 2010.01.06
449Simple view>> Corrections:                                               [Λuia] adjective,       [Λui=] /S/SS Y... 2010.09.18
448Simple viewhorseback-riding?    class, label, creature, gull,   figure/dupe, fitting/fit,    worthy/praiseworthy/worthwhile Y... 2010.01.06
447Simple viewcorrect,  toxic/unhealthful,  deadly/destructive, mortal/killing, choice/prime,  'cool, first-class', select/rare Y... 2010.01.06
446Simple viewbrilliant/marvello-, cracking/mega, coolish/aggregate/assemble/accumula-, test/challenge, look at, research Y... 2010.01.06
445Simple viewexaggerate/emphasise/enlarge/inflate/embroider, frighten/scare/stun/alarm, damp/humidness/opacity/dim Y... 2010.01.06
444Simple viewfaintness/funniness/sport/pleasure/cheerfulness/joy,   understanding/affectionateness/toleration/surd/hard Y... 2010.01.06
443Simple viewdire/awful/dreadful/notable, non-specialist, general/easy/simple/plain/significant/suppose/imagine, believe in Y... 2010.01.06
442Simple view'fancy up', feed, 'eat up', graze/pasture/browse,  'dine out', copulate/shag/bonk,  'have a ball', 'have a fuck' Y... 2010.01.06
441Simple view'have a hump', erase, 'cancel out', excise, 'wipe out', luxury/extra/art/pleasure/love/density/want/parsimony Y... 2010.01.06
440Simple viewdimension/solidity/impenetrability/terror/animosity/dread/horror/fright/awe/deadline,    value/unchangeability Y... 2010.01.06
439Simple viewconstancy,  merit/irreversibility,  quality/unalterability,  caliber/invariability, bad,  kind/humane, good, favour Y... 2010.01.06
438Simple viewcaring/sharp/risky/parlous/ominous/dicey/insecure/ugly/quiescent/yielding/soft/dutiful/willing, patient/serene Y... 2010.01.06
437Simple viewliberal/prodigal, lax/permissive/tender, constancy/stability, lenient/magnanimo-/free/evolve, generate/render Y... 2010.01.06
436Simple viewguarantee/guaranty, delegate/authorize, trust, transfer/transport, hand/give/pass/capture, charm/bewitch Y... 2010.01.06
435Simple viewattract/fascinate,  entrance/trance,  submit/yield/agree/bend/bow/ailment, malaise/instrument/tool/apropos Y... 2010.01.06
434Simple viewtimely/genuine/lethal/terminal/hostile/fine/willing/affable/commix/terrorize/water, kindliness, hand-out Y... 2010.01.06
433Simple viewEnglish/GRECOnglish accent,                   'Happy Holidays',  season, chemistry?         'primary consonants' Y... 2010.01.04
432Simple view'uia*Λ/o/='            mix/mixture;     blend;     compound/composite/composition;     amalgam/amalgamation Y... 2010.01.04
431Simple view>> Corrected:                                             [uia=] /T/MS, /P/mES Y... 2010.08.13
430Simple viewcoalescence; climax; venture; project; risk; scheme;  benefit/beneficiality;  good(ness);  use; gain; reward Y... 2009.12.25
429Simple viewboon; alert; serious; deep; intellectual; scholarly; fit;    appropriate/expropriate; irregular;    asymmetric(al) Y... 2009.12.01
428Simple viewfraternize; socialize; sacrifice; abandon; renounce; forfeit(ure); jilt; disentangle/untangle; generalize (-ise) Y... 2009.12.01
427Simple viewextrapolate; infer; conclude; 'reason out'; universalize; mind; sense; knowledge; wit; corruption/corruptne- Y... 2009.12.01
426Simple view>> Corrections:          mindfulness/mind, sensuousness/sense, wiseness/wisdom, judiciousness/judgement Y... 2009.12.21
425Simple viewgraft; danger(ousness); chance; prospect; optimality/optimization; gawky/gauche; heavy; earnest; true/H?  Y... 2009.12.01
424Simple viewphysical; manual; base; sanguine; expectant; budget; allowance; finance(s); shove; thrust; nudge; knock Y... 2009.12.01
423Simple viewpush; bump; cause; source; spring; agent; opposite; different; enough/enow; lavish; belligerent; conflicting Y... 2009.12.01
422Simple viewoptimize; behave;   act/react; conduct(ion); acquit ; comport; deliberate; consider; think; ponder; debate Y... 2009.12.01
421Simple viewfrighten; scare; petrify;    interweave; intermingle; commingle; alleviate;    trivialize; untangle; shadiness Y... 2009.12.01
420Simple viewrun;   disclose; divulge; evince; defraud; hoodwink;   impart; promulgate; deteriorate; fundi; wonk;   study Y... 2009.12.01
419Simple view"trick or treat"                                   "air force one" Y... 2009.11.06
418Simple view*  'iau*Λ/o/='      mean(s), aid, advantage, vacuum,    (expressive) style, competition, aggression, intrusion Y... 2009.11.04
417Simple view>> Corrected:              [iauΛ] /P/MS, /S/aES, /C1/SS, /P/mES,   [iauo] /C2/MS, /verb,   [iau=] /P/mES Y... 2010.10.05
416Simple view'ill will',    pugnacity/roundabout/wandering, straightforward/natural/frank/dirty/blue, lavish/full/grace/raise Y... 2009.11.04
415Simple viewadvance/boycott/snub, refrain from, stay away -, spurn, throw out, eject/support/bear, hold up, carry/prop Y... 2009.11.03
414Simple viewfame/honour/glory, trouble(someness), inconvenience/solemness/gravity, earnest(ness), soberness/feeling Y... 2009.11.03
413Simple viewsubmission,   philanthropic(al), gracious, almsgiving, positive, confident, hopeful, upbeat,   real(ly), absolute Y... 2009.11.03
412Simple viewperfect/right/complete/shoot/speed/race/rush/tear/dash/pose/present/create/rise,     lead (to),  result (in) Y... 2009.11.03
411Simple viewsave, rescue, recover, salvage,    bail (out), chafe, rub, scratch, rasp, scrape,    foolish(ness), judg(e)ment Y... 2009.11.03
410Simple viewgrotesquery/unpleasingness/verity,   'true fact?' reality, sensuous/sensual, provocative/delicious/delectable Y... 2009.11.03
409Simple viewsteady/beautiful/scenic, savo(u)ry, federate/merge,   unify/unite, consolidate/mingle/coalesce/save/reserve Y... 2009.11.03
408Simple viewstore/collect/vaporize/gasify/aerate,     sublimate/sublime, transpire/hesitate/waver/delay/pause/wait/falter Y... 2009.11.03
407Simple view'compound noun'                Go go go!   White House, northwest, used car,   African-American,   ball games Y... 2009.10.20
406Simple viewdefault [*]/[h]/[=]                   nightline, below, having,  'So many people, so many minds.'  'Mother’s Day' Y... 2009.10.16
405Simple viewMrs./Miss/Ms./lady,                   principle of (sur)names,                   Kor-/Eng- sentences              color Y... 2009.10.11
404Simple view'=ia*Λ/o/u'         agent/H? height/representative/minister/agent/deputy/summit/peak, fund(s), mutual/trust Y... 2009.10.04
403Simple view>> Corrections:                   [=iaΛ] /S/mES,   [=iau]/P/noun, /C1/mES,    [=iao]/S/aES,   /P/T/C1/mES,  Y... 2010.08.28
402Simple viewtherapeutic,  lavish/healing/restorative, good(s), corrective/temporary/acting/interim,  strain/stress/strenu- Y... 2009.10.04
401Simple view'stand-in',   'fill-in',   farming, country, rural, rustic, agrarian,   complain, moan, bitch, whine, growl, gripe Y... 2009.10.04
400Simple viewsophisticate/school/train/educate/consecrate,  bless/H? monitor,  'check (out)', program(me), info(rmation) Y... 2009.10.04
399Simple view>> Corrections:                                           "45. monitor"     &     "46.  check (out)" Y... 2009.11.27
398Simple viewproof, submission, reverence, observance, density, compact(ed)ness, impenetrability, thick, close, heavy Y... 2009.10.04
397Simple viewsolid, substantial, defenc(s)e, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear, shoulder, endure, keep Y... 2009.10.04
396Simple viewoscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-) Y... 2009.10.04
395Simple viewsour(ness), vice/viciousness, cruelty, savage(ry), feminine(ness), sex, female(n-), male(n-), masculine(n-) Y... 2009.10.04
394Simple viewterrific, bodacious(ly), boff(o), 'jim-dandy', hopeful, positive, confident, 'can-do', formal(ly), official, regular Y... 2009.10.04
393Simple viewparlous/perilous, '(de)fend (off)',  'cover up', protect/guard/secure/preserve/furnish,  'fit out', stock/supply Y... 2009.10.04
392Simple viewprovision/provide/serialize, 'set up', arrange/form/order/sort/sicken/disgust/revolt, repel/repulse, 'gross out' Y... 2009.10.04
391Simple view>> Corrections:                                              "set up"          (set) Y... 2010.01.18
390Simple view'Why not Gibson Charles?'          'Mr. Gibson' or 'Gibson mister'        'Your Honour'        'English middle name' Y... 2009.09.19
389Simple view'ia=*Λ/o/u'         supplement,      quest,     philanthropic(al), irritative, humanitarian, affronted, sacrifice Y... 2009.09.15
388Simple view>> Corrected Y... 2010.11.20
387Simple viewabandon(ment), focus, center, finish, do, use, '(be) used to', effect, merit, culture, public, spell/charm/lure Y... 2009.09.15
386Simple viewfair(ness), love(liness), neighbo(u)rly, siz(e)ably, wil(l)fully, corpor(e)al, cordial, futile, troubledly, disturbing Y... 2009.09.15
385Simple viewwildish, wild(ly),   loud(ly), cut, sever, divide,   rend, schism,   separate, cast, throw, project, launch, pitch Y... 2009.09.15
384Simple viewshed, consolidate, combine, unite, join,  marry, amalgamate, boundary, limits, obscurity, negligence/neglect Y... 2009.09.15
383Simple viewirresponsibleness, uncertainty, changeability, rough, crude/petro-, homespun, rough-hew(n), 'stylish person' Y... 2009.09.15
382Simple view'in/on demand'  show, express, display, reveal, register, rouse, cause, fire, prompt, ease, moderate, animate Y... 2009.09.15
381Simple viewgrafting;                  greeting;                 "good-bye"                   "forbidden fruit" Y... 2009.09.11
380Simple viewno/though/yes,         (nein/doch/ja)                    "You like it, do you? ΛV" Y... 2009.09.08
379Simple view>> "Don't you like it?"           "The life must go on."           sniper,          Phoenicia,         freemason Y... 2009.09.18
378Simple view'iaΛ*o/u/='   factor, fundament(al), problematic(al),  '(dangling) participle', loose(ly),  'blue chip', large-sized Y... 2009.09.04
377Simple viewpunctuality, promptness, read(il)y, regular(ity), stead(il)y, consistent(ly),  'Kindly yours',  '(double) genitive' Y... 2009.09.04
376Simple viewsimplicity/easiness/clarity, logic(ality), urgency/importan-, need(fulness), gravity, press(ure), hurry/querulo- Y... 2009.09.04
375Simple viewbad-tempered,     hot-tempered, irascible,    'provide (against/for)', 'fit (in)', 'spy (on)',  follow/i? monitor/H? Y... 2009.09.04
374Simple viewagree/-/i? thunder(bolt), cheat(er), sharper,  'confidence man', pledge/v? committal, promise/v? segmented Y... 2009.09.04
373Simple viewsegregative/augmentative/increasable/protractive/celebrative,  'deal in/with', 'trade in', 'build up', scare/-/i? Y... 2009.09.04
372Simple view'iao*Λ/u/='      position/H?   exposé,      (have) impact/contact/curb/date/elbow/interview/panic/park/verb? Y... 2009.08.26
371Simple view>> Corrected:                                       [iaou] /S/aES Y... 2010.07.09
370Simple viewcare(fulness),  worry/v?   'seeing eye', old/H? passé, circumspect(ive),    'Indian summer',  oldish, enervate Y... 2009.08.26
369Simple viewverity, truth,  'the true',  factuality, tru(thful)ly,     'Sincerely yours', media blitz, clear/whole/H? wholeness Y... 2009.08.26
368Simple viewunity/cohesion, barrenness, aridness/poorer/unproductivity, technological), propitiatory/atonable/reparative Y... 2009.08.26
367Simple viewoblatory, mockable, mock(up), ironic/sneerful/aggravative, exaggeratively, heightened, join/H? 'wrap (up)' Y... 2009.08.26
366Simple view* 'oia*Λ/u/='  'the more - of',      'holy grail', 'more important(ly)', '(the) more universal',      'bachelor party' Y... 2009.08.21
365Simple view>> Corrected :                                      [oiau]/P/MS/noun,  /mES/verb Y... 2010.09.13
364Simple view'Please be seated',  humidness, damp(ness), moistness, bounty,      plenty, profusion, limit(ation), ultimacy Y... 2009.08.21
363Simple viewbest/highest/finest/choicest, 'succumb to', 'catch in', 'contract of', impermanency/transiency/insecureness Y... 2009.08.21
362Simple view>> Corrected:                               "23.  catch (in)" Y... 2010.09.13
361Simple viewcapableness/means/competency/potency/captainship, complete/H? done, sacred/H? blessed, recap(itulate) Y... 2009.08.21
360Simple view'uai*Λ/o/='       periodic(al),  cyclic(al),  great(ly),    fade (away),  melt (away),    principle(s),  scruple(s) Y... 2009.08.15
359Simple view>> Corrected :                  [uaio]   from /C1/mES,  “recreate”/+-,    (14.     deleted) Y... 2010.04.11
358Simple viewgloom(ine-), disabled/handicapped, deceptively, copy(write), xerox, safety/safene-, (im)pass(e), im/explicit Y... 2009.08.15
357Simple viewsanctimonious(ly), religiose, disorder(ed)ly, straightforward(ly),   over/underestimate,  miss (out),  way(s) Y... 2009.08.15
356Simple view'aiu*Λ/o/='       hope(fulness),     long(ing),     answerableness,   opportuneness,   benevolent,   over/end Y... 2009.08.11
355Simple view>> Corrected:                                        [aiu=] /P/pES,  /T/pES Y... 2010.10.13
354Simple viewconventional,   davenport,  secretaire,       'government(s); collective n.?'       authorities,   viable/possible Y... 2009.08.10
353Simple viewstereotypic(al), baseball, empty/H? beating,  danger(ousness), clear/H? fine/H?   'intens(iv)e, intent',   past Y... 2009.08.10
352Simple viewwhat/which//that/this/whatever/whose/who/however, although, but, except(ing), and, It is me, both/with Y... 2009.08.07
351Simple view'=ai*Λ/o/u'     porn(o), revelant, continue,  keep(ing-up), maintain,  carry(ing-on), lasting(ness), curiosity Y... 2009.07.31
350Simple viewalienism, exot(ci)sm, revenge, extant, actual(ly), ugly, surly,  current/heart/Hist?  headquarter(s), bake(ry) Y... 2009.07.31
349Simple viewwork(place), observation/concurrency/conformity, fanatic(al), deadly/noticeableness/appearan-/visiblene- Y... 2009.07.31
348Simple viewdouble(ness), fellow,  submission(s),  concentrative(ly),  husband/H?  advance(ment),  purport,  claim/H? Y... 2009.07.31
347Simple viewModifications & Corrections:            'ai=*Λ/o/u' ,      difficultness  >>  difficulty          [ai=u] Y... 2009.09.16
346Simple viewboundary, confine(s), verge(s),   corporate culture, custom(s),    lifestyle,  art(s)y–craft(s)y,    one,    half Y... 2009.07.26
345Simple view(one and) only,   only,   not,  'not only ~ but'   'not-balance',  individual(s),  impeach/formidability/difficulty Y... 2009.07.26
344Simple view>> Corrections:                                 28. difficultness/difficulty Y... 2009.09.16
343Simple viewoffense, Abo,  identify with, politic(al)ly,    n/m dash,   scoot, seeing as (how), 'waste/fade/wither (away)' Y... 2009.07.26
342Simple viewFrench Kiss,   French fry,   French Connection,   French leave,   French maid,   French-German enmity,  - Y... 2009.07.21
341Simple view'Λai*o/u/='     corpor(e)ality, Tombstone,    'more higher',   'might could',   'three mile',  'VAT tax', four-foot Y... 2009.07.17
340Simple view>> Corrected:                                                 [Λai=]/T/MS Y... 2010.09.22
339Simple view'rarely ever',  'couldn't hardly', hard(ly), anticipate/empathy, IOU, insure/complacency, absolute(ness), mum Y... 2009.07.17
338Simple viewunchangeablene-/invariablene-/inalterability/feasibili-/survivab-, grow/vt?  workablene-/corrupti-/viciousne- Y... 2009.07.17
337Simple viewperversion, conscious(ness), consc(ient)ious,    'aware of'   'responsive to'   'cognizant of'   'percipient of' Y... 2009.07.17
336Simple viewtry-to,  solid(ity), substantialness/tangibility/physicality/legitimation, credibleness, greenish, denote, Andy Y... 2009.07.17
335Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='   impulsivity, impetuosity, anxious/eager?, chat(ter), chiefly/centrally, uppermost/foremost/adv? Y... 2009.07.10
334Simple viewstrangle/worrying(ly),  (ad)judge, recap(itulate), (a)bate,  council/counselor,  gown/univ, (ad)dress,  habit Y... 2009.07.10
333Simple viewstreng(k)th, on purpose, aggravate/tease, broad(ly), wide(ly), quiet(ness/ly), on the quiet, alone, sat/-ing? Y... 2009.07.10
332Simple viewforward(s/ly), further(most), favor/v.i?, foster(ing/ed), caution(ary), heed(fulness), (ad)venture, bold(ness) Y... 2009.07.10
331Simple viewpowerful(ly), power(ful), aloud, roaring(ly),     French kiss,    jazz,   'compare with/to', contrast/n?, born(e) Y... 2009.07.10
330Simple view'aio*Λ/u/='   Your-Honour,       Stonehenge,      eas(il)y/2,   safety,  obsession,    Big Apple (NY),  moniker Y... 2009.07.03
329Simple viewitem/also,  fundament(al),         neighbor,        decisive, hard-hitting,    upright(ly), sheer(ly),         need Y... 2009.07.03
328Simple view'oai*Λ/u/='    excess, inordinacy, immoderacy, extravagancy, whitish, light(ly), soft(ly), almight(il)y, (re)lax Y... 2009.06.26
327Simple view>> Corrections:                               [oaiu]            swanky Y... 2010.03.22
326Simple viewdoll, immigrate, remove/v.i.?  'permit of', sanction, sit/set, lemon,    'spelling bee',    'rote learning', 'look to' Y... 2009.06.26
325Simple viewboast/form, bragging(ly), in vain,  lordly/adv?  egotistic(al), a thought, sequent(ial), economic(al), punitory Y... 2009.06.26
324Simple view>> Corrections:                                        26. lordly Y... 2010.03.22
323Simple viewretaliative, bright(ly), historic(al), oblig(at)e, (t)here, this/that,   voiced/voiceless,   like-to, like, 'like(d) to' Y... 2009.06.26
322Simple view'iΛo*a/u/='    gender role, battle with,  media/data/agenda/dirtily/pathetic(al), fair(ly), comply with, evade Y... 2009.06.20
321Simple viewboxwood/parts/quantity, a quantity of, an amount of, a lot, partially/various/more-important(ly), disorderly Y... 2009.06.20
320Simple viewhigh(ly), bull/bear, corporal/comic(al), panicky/hysteric/fleshy/awful(ly), hysteric, /slash, dare, honey/baby Y... 2009.06.19
319Simple view'oiΛ*a/u/='     obsolescent,  big(ly),   'do ~ have or have ~ got?'  'know about'  defense,   '(not) care less' Y... 2009.06.15
318Simple view'best foot' ugly/clever, plain(ly), banal, dullish, 'girl or woman?'  '-person', man/male,  '-ess' mistress/madam Y... 2009.06.15
317Simple view'iΛa*o/u/='    acknowledgements/sensitive/reasonability/formidable,   once/everyday,   commonly/ordinarily Y... 2009.06.08
316Simple viewroutinely, 'in back of'  back/up, back/v?  capacity,  "first lady"  noblewoman, retaliative, snug(ly), warmish Y... 2009.06.08
315Simple viewelements, near(ly), close(ly), godly,  'free gift?'  free(ly), gam,   'double passive'  abhominable,  likely/liable Y... 2009.06.08
314Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='    imperative/alleviate, wrought/wreak, nuts,  vs/v,  proceeding(s), formality/solemnities, taunt Y... 2009.06.02
313Simple view>> Corrected:                       [aiΛu] /P/pES/adjectives/adverbs,     [aiΛ=/P,  /MS/noun] 11. solemnities Y... 2010.04.25
312Simple viewcalumny/self-complacently, roughish, effect/affect, marque, P.S. give up, quantity of, roaringly/selectable Y... 2009.06.02
311Simple view'iΛ=*a/o/u'  full(y)/party/complicated/certain  'We sure are'  invaluable/priceless/irrevocability/irreversibility Y... 2009.05.26
310Simple view>> Corrected:                                         complicated/complex Y... 2009.08.28
309Simple viewphilosophic/stoic/cool/factualness/blind/luxuriant/intrinsic/organic/ambiguous,    cell phone,   (to) no end, - Y... 2009.05.26
308Simple view'=iΛ*a/o/u'   beg the question,  plead guilty,   teaser, huff and puff, look at, low(ly),  TV,  agree to,  toast Y... 2009.05.22
307Simple view>> Corrected:                                              [=iΛo]/S/aES Y... 2010.11.13
306Simple viewdeadline,   justly, unique, fairly, hang out,  quarter to,  repulsive/repellant,  ceremonious,  foully, reflect on Y... 2009.05.20
305Simple view'uiΛ*a/o/='  vulnerableness/signiificancy/impotency, soundly, bad(ly), bad/uptight/perchance, chance upon Y... 2009.05.15
304Simple view>> Corrections:                    difficultness  >>   exactingness       [uiΛo] Y... 2009.09.16
303Simple viewheadline,  especially/quieten/empathize/heal, await-for, everywhere, long (for), ill-temper, preside (over), - Y... 2009.05.15
302Simple view<<iΛu*a/o/=>>    medicine/pilot/crowd/feign,     'see television'   'hear radio'      lone(li)ly,  'only terrible' Y... 2009.05.11
301Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>   check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
300Simple viewdisorder(ed)ly, check(ed),   chess/check,  'part and parcel'  blatant/outright(ly), 'pillow sham' 'of course' Y... 2009.05.11
299Simple view'Λio*a/u/='     (im)possible/answerable/chargeable/TB/utilize,    'incomparable adj. equal'   'center (on)' - Y... 2009.05.04
298Simple view>> Corrected:                                    [Λio=] /P/pES/adjectives Y... 2010.07.05
297Simple view'very best'  estimate, shy/short,  'sort of',  (im)practicable, proportional, wild(ly), waits,  'check out it' - Y... 2009.05.04
296Simple view'oΛi*a/u/='   exceptional/lowly/fantastical/absurd(ness),  sick and tired,  nauseous/fundament(al)/(re)lax Y... 2009.04.27
295Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
294Simple viewbasic(ity)/organic(ity)/basically/sick(ly)/ID/good(ness)/why/where/entertainment/awful(ly), loads (of), - Y... 2009.04.27
293Simple view'Λia*o/u/='  follow-up, help, old-salt, sacrosanctity/still(y)/tip/anarchic(al)/exhilarative/capture/casino/- Y... 2009.04.20
292Simple view>> Corrections:   [Λiao]/verb   from /T/mES           &           To: Farlex, Inc. thefreedictionary.com Y... 2009.11.02
291Simple view'aΛi*o/u/='      role, act(ion), pro/professor, older/elderly, suss (out), git/gots, transformation, sociable Y... 2009.04.13
290Simple view>> Corrected:                                [aΛio/P,  noun/MS],   [aΛiu] /P/mES/verb,   [aΛi=]/S/mES Y... 2010.11.09
289Simple viewgroup/warm,  send/idioms,  experiment-with,  sure(ly),  absent, away, gone,  certain, convince, proven Y... 2009.04.13
288Simple view'Λi=*a/o/u'    simple/full/inward/inside/fine/soft   'enough glad' 'beautiful something'   else/tight/just/fair Y... 2009.04.06
287Simple viewstraightforward/stiff/firm  'all but' '- could care less' 'all of a sudden'  specialized/quick/swift/technologic Y... 2009.04.06
286Simple view'=Λi*a/o/u'   comprise/consist, fair(ly), 'fair up/off', 'mild (down)', pretty/very, unawarely, (un)aware-of Y... 2009.03.30
285Simple viewbeware,   'nice of/for ~ to do'   'these/all kind(s) of'   eas(il)y,  friend(li)ly,  route,  suspicious,  light(ly) Y... 2009.03.30
284Simple view'Λiu*a/o/='  want-for, wish, whether/if/that/when, but-what/that, would/should, touching/about, social Y... 2009.03.23
283Simple viewtetragraph 'uΛi*a/o/='    English accent/stress,  German/French, never,  'I will make not it',  mean/break Y... 2009.03.17
282Simple viewsimilar-as,  comparable-with,   (in)famous,  fine(ly),  continual,   'let/leave, permit',  'rather: had better' Y... 2009.03.17
281Simple view'a=o, a=Λ, Λ=o'           lit, definitive, optimum,  fortuitous/felicitous,  dairy, absolutely, partly,  passing Y... 2009.03.09
280Simple view>> Corrected:                         [Λ=o] /S/mES & /S/MS,            definitive/definite Y... 2010.07.06
279Simple view'aΛ=, =aΛ, =ou, Λ=a' purpose'ful'ly, of-choice, alternate, every-cars, of-any, at-all, any-better, any-old Y... 2009.03.09
278Simple vieweach-and-every, either/one-of, he-or-she, neither/none/they, 'all (of)', used-up, hopefully, (a)wake(n) Y... 2009.03.03
277Simple view'oΛ=, =oΛ, Λa=, =Λa'  all-and-sundry, several-of-the, funny/silly/go, all-that, be-all, like-to-went, close Y... 2009.02.23
276Simple view'uaΛ, ua=, oΛa, uoΛ'  awful(ly), bad(ly), foul/culture/finalize, in-fine, at-large, believe-in, healthful,  ŋ*h Y... 2009.02.17
275Simple view>> Corrections :                            [ua=] /T/mES Y... 2013.07.18
274Simple view'=ua, a=u, Λ=u, =uo'     search-for, soldier/sc(k)eptical,  quick(ly), all-of-a-sudden, in-earnest, for-sure Y... 2009.02.09
273Simple view>> Corrections:                          [a=u] /P/pES             "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2011.02.12
272Simple viewmean/excellent, opt/cope, elementary-school, Volksschule, digraph, physiognomy/2, GRECOnglish-sound Y... 2009.02.09
271Simple view>> Corrected:           " How do English-mother-tongue people mimic GRECOnglish sounds?" Y... 2009.02.25
270Simple view'o=a, o=Λ, o=u, uo='       fellow,  queer/gay,  barbarianism,  quote,  gossamered,  'patch up it'    prep/8 Y... 2009.02.02
269Simple view>> Corrected:                                          [uo=]/S/aES/verb Y... 2010.07.01
268Simple view'u=a, u=Λ, u=o, ou='     ugly/balky,  clever/affable,  'in vain'  sanguine/sanguinary/bloodthirsty,   prep/7 Y... 2009.01.27
267Simple viewso-as-to-help; for; for-the-sake-of; on-behalf-of; instead-of; in-service-of; toward(s); lasting;    etc. Y... 2009.01.23
266Simple view'auo, Λau, au=, =au'    transitive/intransitive,   kindly/please,  kindly/adjective?   'of: owned-by'  ya/yep Y... 2009.01.21
265Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
264Simple viewTo-begin-with, look-forward-to, either/neither/too,   prep/6,  at-the-same-time,   He is young.  passive Y... 2009.01.21
263Simple view'aΛo, Λou, Λo=, =Λo'     comfy,  'at random',  opt/shove, dumb/stupid, cater, toss,   'sore afraid'     'em Y... 2009.01.14
262Simple view>> Corrected:                                  [Λo=] /S/aES/verb Y... 2010.06.25
261Simple viewpoke/bag/etc.  ye/ge/yt/yat,   notwithstanding,     prep/5,     English preposition & Korean postposition Y... 2009.01.14
260Simple view'Λu=, =Λu, Λuo, oΛu'    cushy, good/well, anyplace/etc. presently, easy/easily,    prep/4,  'than: prep?' Y... 2009.01.08
259Simple view'uΛo, ouΛ, Λua, aΛu'     mammoth,  Howdy?  be-restless/concerned-to,  identify,  a-couple-of,   prep/2 Y... 2008.12.31
258Simple viewas/so~as, like, as/that/what/since/because,   on/in-behalf-of,  different from/to/than,   prepositions/3 Y... 2008.12.31
257Simple view'uΛa, auΛ, uΛ=, =uΛ'         infer/imply,    'walk/go/hike/etc.' as v.tr.?    Coke,      English prepositions/1 Y... 2008.12.24
256Simple view<<i=a, i=Λ, i=o, oua>>   cater-to/for, annoy/aggravate, 'People goes'  entente,  May I help you? wrong Y... 2008.12.17
255Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
254Simple view<<a=i, Λ=i, o=i, u=i>>  identify(v.intr?),  be-anxious/eager/dying/ardent/yearning-to,  Sylvia,  angry-at Y... 2008.12.10
253Simple view<<ao=, =ao, aou, uao>>   v/f/r/l/m/n/k/g  mass noun, much/a-lot-of/a-great-deal-of, many-a/as-many Y... 2008.12.04
252Simple viewnightclub.  something, a-bit/too-much/make-much-of, much-as,  quote/unquote,  split infinitive?  <go> Y... 2008.12.04
251Simple view<<oau, uoa, aoΛ, Λao>>    She is very praised.    'cannot help but'/'can't seem to'    talk,   be-fixing-to Y... 2008.11.25
250Simple view<<oaΛ, Λoa, oa=, =oa>>      suss,     lingo/jargon/etc.    j/c/x/q/w/y,    "at fright"/aghast,     when Y... 2008.11.18
249Simple view<<iou, io=, =io, i=u>>                      look,                 up,                    "at life"/alive Y... 2008.11.13
248Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
247Simple view<<iuo, oiu, uoi, ioΛ>>       sweet-potato,       θ[fs]/ð[vz],       amuck,     "crazy good"         <as> Y... 2008.11.05
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