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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | brd2 | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, main :::


596 12 View counter   Join Member Login Admin
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject                            January/Janus,                  February/March/April/May/June/July

*                 "first month"  >>  January /GC/S/abE
*                 "2nd month"  >>  February /GC/S/abE
*                 "3rd month"  >>  March /GC/S/abE
*                 "4th month"  >>  April /GC/S/abE
*                 "5th month"  >>  May /GC/S/abE
*                 "6th month"  >>  June /GC/S/abE
*                 "7th month"  >>  July /GC/S/abE
*                 "8th month"  >>  August /GC/S/abE
*                 "9th month"  >>  September /GC/S/abE
*                 "10th month"  >>  October /GC/S/abE
*                 "11th month"  >>  November /GC/S/abE
*                 "12th month"  >>  December /GC/S/abE



1.                            January,                  Janus

A)                                   January

*                 "first month"  >>  January /GC/S/abE

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/January ,  
January is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. The first day of the month is

 known as New Year's Day. It is, on average, the coldest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere (where it is the second month of winter) and the warmest month of the year within most of the Southern Hemisphere (where it is the second month of summer). In the Southern Hemisphere, January is the seasonal equivalent of July in the Northern Hemisphere.

*    January >> "the first month of the year" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "in the Julian" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> and /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> Gregorian /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> calendars /GC/P/abE/+bp >> and /GC/P/abE/+cp >> one /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> seven /GC/S/abR/+bp >> Gregorian /GC/S/abR/+cp >> months /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> with /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> the /GC/P/abR/+bp >> length /GC/P/abR/+cp >> of /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> "31" /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> days /mGC/abE/+bp >> The /mGC/abE/+cp >> first /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> day /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> of /mGC/abR/+bp >> the /mGC/abR/+cp >> month /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> is /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

"first month" >> known /GC/S/abE/+bp >> as /GC/S/abE/+cp >> New /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> Year /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> 's /GC/P/abE/+bp >> Day /GC/P/abE/+cp >> ~ ~ ~


January starts on the same day of the week as October in common years, and starts on the same day of the week as April and July in leap years. In a common year, January ends on the same day of the week as February and October, and ends on the same day of the week as July in a leap year.


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/January ,  
History
January is named after Janus (Ianuarius), the god of the doorway; the name has its beginnings in Roman mythology, coming from the Latin word for door (ianua) – January is the door to the year. Traditionally, the original Roman calendar consisted of 10 months, totalling 304 days, winter being considered a monthless period. Around 713 BC, the semi-mythical successor of Romulus, King Numa Pompilius, is supposed to have added the months of January and February, allowing the calendar to equal a standard lunar year (355 days). Although March was originally the first month in the old Roman Calendar, January became the first month of the calendar year either under Numa or under the Decemvirs about 450 BC (Roman writers differ). In contrast, years in dates were identified by naming two consuls, who entered office on May 1 and March 15 before 153 BC when they began to enter office on January 1.

Various Christian feast dates were used for the New Year in Europe during the Middle Ages, including March 25 and December 25. However, medieval calendars were still displayed in the Roman fashion of twelve columns from January to December. Beginning in the 16th century, European countries began officially making January 1 the start of the New Year once again—sometimes called Circumcision Style because this was the date of the Feast of the Circumcision, being the eighth day from December 25.

Historical names for January include its original Roman designation, Ianuarius, the Saxon term Wulf-monath (meaning wolf month) and Charlemagne's designation Wintarmanoth (winter / cold month).


**      January /GC/S/abE/Ch  >>  Janus /P  >>  Ianuarius /T  >>  "god of doorway" /T/Ch

"Roman mythology"                        (J/T + anuary/P)/Ch                            January

ianua                           ([ŋ=  y=]/T + Ianuarius/P)/Ch                           Ianuarius
door                           ([ŋ=  y=]/T + Ianuarius/P)/+cp                           Ianuarius
Latin                           ([ŋ=  y=]/T + Ianuarius/P)/+bp                           Ianuarius


"Roman calendar"                     (c/T + alendar/GC/S/abT)/Ch                        calendar

*                             "Roman calendar"  >>  "10 months" /mGC/abE

"304 days"                    (R/P + "-oman calendar"/T)/Ch                      "Roman calendar"

"monthless period"                           (w/T + inter/P)/Ch                              winter


"Numa Pompilius"                        (R/S + omulus/C2)/Ch                            Romulus
    

"around 713 BC"                    (N/P + "-uma Pompilius"/T)/Ch                    "Numa Pompilius"

*                           "around 713 BC"  >>  "January and February" /mGC/abE

**    "January and February" /mGC/abE/Ch  >>  "standard lunar year" /P  >>  "355 days" /P/Ch


"first month in Roman Calendar"                     (M/T + arch/C1)/Ch                     March

"third month"                              (M/S + arch/P)/+cp                                March
"about 450 BC"                              (M/S + arch/P)/+bp                             March
Numa                                (M/S + arch/P)/Ch/+bp                                 March
Decemvirs                               (M/S + arch/P)/Ch/+cp                              March


"May 1st"                         (c/GC/S/abT + onsul/C1)/Ch/+cp                          consul
"March 15th"                       (c/GC/S/abT + onsul/C1)/Ch/+bp                        consul
"before 153 BC"                        (c/GC/S/abT + onsul/C1)/+cp                        consul
"January 1st"                         (c/GC/S/abT + onsul/C1)/+bp                          consul


Europe                       (M/GC/S/abT + "-iddle Ages"/P)/Ch                     "Middle Ages"
"Christian feast dates"                  (M/GC/S/abT + "-iddle Ages"/P)                "Middle Ages"
"New Year"                    (M/GC/S/abT + "-iddle Ages"/P)/+bp                   "Middle Ages"
"March 25th"                  (M/GC/S/abT + "-iddle Ages"/P)/+cp                   "Middle Ages"
"December 25"                 (M/GC/S/abT + "-iddle Ages"/P)/Ch/+cp                 "Middle Ages"


"medieval calendars"                    (c/GC/S/abT + alendar/C2)/Ch                    calendar
"Roman fashion"                        (c/GC/S/abT + alendar/C2)                        calendar
"twelve columns"                   (c/GC/S/abT + alendar/C2)/Ch/+cp                    calendar
"from January to December"                 (c/GC/S/abT + alendar/C2)/Ch/+bp                 calendar


"January 1st"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/S + "European countries"/P)/Ch                   "European countries"
"Beginning in the 16th century"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/S + "European countries"/P)                   "European countries"
"start of the New Year"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/S + "European countries"/P)/+cp                   "European countries"
"Circumcision Style"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/S + "European countries"/P)/Ch/+cp                   "European countries"
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Feast+of+the+Circumcision ,    
"Feast of Circumcision"                    (J/GC/S/abT + "-anuary 1st"/C2)/Ch                   "January 1st"
"Feast of Circumcision"                    (J/GC/S/abT + "-anuary 14th"/C2)/Ch                   "January 14th"

*              "Feast of Circumcision"  >>  "Feast of Circumcision of Our Lord" /mGC


**  January /GC/S/abE/Ch >> Janus /P >> Ianuarius /T >> "god of doorway" /T/Ch >> "Wulf-monath" /S >> Wintarmanoth /C2

*                "Wulf-monath"  >>  "wolf month" /mGC/abE  >>  Saxon /mGC/abE/Ch

*   Wintarmanoth  >>  "winter month" /mGC/abR  >>  "cold month" /mGC/abR/Ch  >>  Charlemagne /mGC/abE


Other names
In Finnish, the month is called tammikuu, meaning month of the oak, but the original meaning was the month of the heart of winter, as tammi has initially meant axis or core. In Czech this month is called leden, meaning ice month. In Ukrainian it is січень meaning cutting or slicing perhaps referring to the wind. Similarly, in Croatian January is called siječanj, also meaning cutting or slicing. In Sámi it is known as ođđajagimánnu, meaning simply "new year's month".

**  January /GC/S/abE/Ch >> Janus /P >> Ianuarius /T >> "god of doorway" /T/Ch >> "Wulf-monath" /S >> Wintarmanoth /C2 >> tammikuu /C2/Ch >> leden /C1/Ch >> (січень /C2)/T >> (siječanj /C1)/T >> (ođđajagimánnu /GC/S/abT)/T

*  tammikuu >> "month of oak" /GC/S/abE >> Finnish /GC/S/abE/Ch >> "month of heart of winter" /GC/S/abR

*                     tammi  >>  core /GC/S/abE  >>  axis /GC/S/abE/Ch

*                     leden  >>  Czech /mGC/abE  >>  "ice month" /mGC/abE/Ch

*   січень >> Ukrainian /mGC/abE >> cutting /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> slicing /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp  >> wind /mGC/abR

*        siječanj  >>  Croatian /GC/S/abE  >>  cutting /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp  >>  slicing /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp

*                ođđajagimánnu  >>  Sámi /mGC/abE  >>  "new year's month" /mGC/abE/Ch



B)                                   Janus
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Janus ,  
In Roman mythology, Janus is the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings, endings and time. Most often he is depicted as having two heads, facing opposite directions; one

 head looks back at the last year while the other looks forward to the new, simultaneously into the future and the past.

**      January /GC/S/abE/Ch  >>  Janus /P  >>  Ianuarius /T  >>  "god of doorway" /T/Ch


*    Janus >> "In Roman mythology" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "Janus is" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> "the god" /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> gates /GC/P/abE/+bp >> doors /GC/P/abE/+cp >> doorways /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> beginnings /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> endings /GC/S/abR/+bp >> and /GC/S/abR/+cp >> time /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> Most /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> often /GC/P/abR/+bp >> he /GC/P/abR/+cp >> is /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> depicted /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> as /mGC/abE/+bp >> having /mGC/abE/+cp >> two /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> heads /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> facing /mGC/abR/+bp >> opposite /mGC/abR/+cp >> directions /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> one /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

mythology >> head /GC/S/abE/+bp >> looks /GC/S/abE/+cp >> back /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> at /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> the /GC/P/abE/+bp >> last /GC/P/abE/+cp >> year /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> while /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> ~ ~ ~


Origins and nature
Macrobius and Cicero attempted to explain the name as Latin deriving it from the verb ire ("to go").[1] It has been conjectured to be derived from the Indo-European root meaning transitional movement (cf. Sanskrit "yana-" or Avestan "yah-", likewise with Latin "i-" and Greek "ie-".).[2]

"Origins and nature"                        (J/C1 + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch                       Janus

Macrobius                                    (J/T + anus/P)                                   Janus
"and Cicero"                                    (J/T + anus/S)                                Janus
attempted                                   (J/T + anus/C1)                                  Janus
"to explain"                                  (J/T + anus/C2)                                  Janus
"the name"                               (J/T + anus/GC/S/abT)                              Janus
as                                         (J/P + anus/T)                                      Janus
Latin                                         (J/P + anus/S)                                   Janus
"deriving it"                                   (J/P + anus/C1)                                 Janus
"from the verb"                               (J/P + anus/C2)                                 Janus
ire                                      (J/P + anus/GC/S/abT)                                Janus
"to go"                                       (J/S + anus/T)                                   Janus

It                                          (J/S + anus/P)                                     Janus
has                                        (J/S + anus/C1)                                    Janus
been                                       (J/S + anus/C2)                                    Janus
conjectured                              (J/S + anus/GC/S/abT)                              Janus
to                                        (J/C1 + anus/T)                                     Janus
be                                        (J/C1 + anus/P)                                     Janus
derived                                     (J/C1 + anus/S)                                   Janus
from                                   (J/C1 + anus/GC/S/abT)                               Janus
"the Indo"                                   (J/C2 + anus/T)                                  Janus
European                                   (J/C2 + anus/P)                                   Janus
root                                       (J/C2 + anus/S)                                    Janus
meaning                               (J/C2 + anus/GC/S/abT)                               Janus
transitional                              (J/GC/S/abT + anus/T)                               Janus
movement                               (J/GC/S/abT + anus/P)                               Janus

c                                   (J/GC/S/abT + anus/S)                                    Janus
f                                   (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C1)                                   Janus

Sanskrit                               (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C2)                               Janus

"yana-"                                   (J/T + anus/P)/Ch                                   Janus
or                                        (J/T + anus/S)/Ch                                   Janus
Avestan                                  (J/T + anus/C1)/Ch                                  Janus
"yah-"                                (J/T + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch                              Janus
likewise                                   (J/P + anus/T)/Ch                                  Janus
with                                      (J/P + anus/S)/Ch                                   Janus
Latin                                    (J/P + anus/C1)/Ch                                   Janus
"i-"                                     (J/P + anus/C2)/Ch                                    Janus
and                                  (J/P + anus /GC/S/abT)/Ch                              Janus
Greek                                    (J/S + anus/T)/Ch                                   Janus

i                                       (J/S + anus/P)/Ch                                      Janus
e                                      (J/S + anus/C1)/Ch                                    Janus


William Betham argued that the cult arrived from the Middle East and that Janus corresponds to the Baal-ianus or Belinus of the Chaldeans sharing a common origin with the Oannes of Berosus.[3]

William                                  (J/S + anus/C2)/Ch                                  Janus
Betham                               (J/S + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch                              Janus
argued                                   (J/C1 + anus/T)/Ch                                  Janus
that                                      (J/C1 + anus/P)/Ch                                  Janus
"the cult"                                (J/C1 + anus/S)/Ch                                  Janus
arrived                              (J/C1 + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch                              Janus
from                                     (J/C2 + anus/T)/Ch                                  Janus
"the Middle"                              (J/C2 + anus/P)/Ch                                  Janus
East                                      (J/C2 + anus/S)/Ch                                 Janus
"and that"                             (J/C2 + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch                            Janus
Janus                                  (J/GC/S/abT + anus/T)/Ch                             Janus
corresponds                             (J/GC/S/abT + anus/P)/Ch                           Janus
to                                   (J/GC/S/abT + anus/S)/Ch                               Janus
"the Baal"                             (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C1)/Ch                            Janus
ianus                                  (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C2)/Ch                            Janus

or                                    (J/T + anus/P)/Ch/+cp                                  Janus
Belinus                                (J/T + anus/S)/Ch/+cp                                 Janus
of                                    (J/T + anus/C1)/Ch/+cp                                 Janus
"the Chaldeans"                            (J/T + anus/C2)/Ch/+cp                           Janus
sharing                            (J/T + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                            Janus
"a common"                              (J/P + anus/T)/Ch/+cp                              Janus
origin                                  (J/P + anus/S)/Ch/+cp                                Janus
with                                  (J/P + anus/C1)/Ch/+cp                                 Janus
"the Oannes"                             (J/P + anus/C2)/Ch/+cp                             Janus
"of Berosus"                          (J/P + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                         Janus


Janus was usually depicted with two heads facing in opposite directions. According to a legend, he had received the gift to see both future and past from the god Saturn in reward for the hospitality received.[citation needed] Janus-like heads of gods related to Hermes have been found in Greece, perhaps suggesting a compound god.

Janus                                 (J/S + anus/T)/Ch/+cp                                 Janus
was                                   (J/S + anus/P)/Ch/+cp                                 Janus
usually                                 (J/S + anus/S)/Ch/+cp                                Janus
depicted                               (J/S + anus/C1)/Ch/+cp                               Janus
"with two"                              (J/S + anus/C2)/Ch/+cp                              Janus
heads                              (J/S + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                            Janus
"facing in"                              (J/C1 + anus/T)/Ch/+cp                              Janus
opposite                                (J/C1 + anus/P)/Ch/+cp                              Janus
directions                               (J/C1 + anus/S)/Ch/+cp                              Janus
"According to a"                       (J/C1 + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                       Janus
legend                                 (J/C2 + anus/T)/Ch/+cp                               Janus
he                                    (J/C2 + anus/P)/Ch/+cp                                Janus
"had received"                             (J/C2 + anus/S)/Ch/+cp                           Janus
"the gift"                            (J/C2 + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+cp                         Janus
"to see"                            (J/GC/S/abT + anus/T)/Ch/+cp                            Janus
both                               (J/GC/S/abT + anus/P)/Ch/+cp                            Janus
future                             (J/GC/S/abT + anus/S)/Ch/+cp                            Janus
"and past"                          (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C1)/Ch/+cp                          Janus
"from the god"                        (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C2)/Ch/+cp                       Janus

Saturn                                   (J/T + anus/P)/Ch/+bp                              Janus
"in reward"                               (J/T + anus/S)/Ch/+bp                              Janus
for                                     (J/T + anus/C1)/Ch/+bp                               Janus
"the hospitality"                            (J/T + anus/C2)/Ch/+bp                          Janus
received                             (J/T + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                          Janus

"Janus-like"                              (J/P + anus/T)/Ch/+bp                              Janus
heads                                  (J/P + anus/S)/Ch/+bp                                Janus
"of god"                               (J/P + anus/C1)/Ch/+bp                               Janus
related                                (J/P + anus/C2)/Ch/+bp                               Janus
"to Hermes"                         (J/P + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                          Janus
"have been"                              (J/S + anus/T)/Ch/+bp                              Janus
found                                  (J/S + anus/P)/Ch/+bp                                Janus
"in Greece"                              (J/S + anus/C1)/Ch/+bp                             Janus
perhaps                            (J/S + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                           Janus
suggesting                              (J/C1 + anus/T)/Ch/+bp                              Janus
"a compound"                             (J/C1 + anus/P)/Ch/+bp                           Janus
god                                  (J/C1 + anus/S)/Ch/+bp                                 Janus


The Romans associated Janus with the Etruscan deity Ani.[citation needed] Several scholars suggest that he was likely the most important god in the Roman archaic pantheon. He was often invoked together with Iuppiter (Jupiter).

"The Romans"                        (J/C1 + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                        Janus
associated                              (J/C2 + anus/T)/Ch/+bp                              Janus
Janus                                 (J/C2 + anus/P)/Ch/+bp                                Janus
with                                  (J/C2 + anus/S)/Ch/+bp                                Janus
"the Etruscan"                        (J/C2 + anus/GC/S/abT)/Ch/+bp                       Janus
deity                             (J/GC/S/abT + anus/T)/Ch/+bp                             Janus
Ani                               (J/GC/S/abT + anus/P)/Ch/+bp                             Janus
Several                            (J/GC/S/abT + anus/S)/Ch/+bp                            Janus
scholars                            (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C1)/Ch/+bp                          Janus
suggest                            (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C2)/Ch/+bp                          Janus

that                                     (J/T + anus/P)/+cp                                   Janus
"he was"                                  (J/T + anus/S)/+cp                                 Janus
likely                                     (J/T + anus/C1)/+cp                                Janus
"the most"                                 (J/T + anus/C2)/+cp                               Janus
"important god"                          (J/T + anus/GC/S/abT)/+cp                         Janus
in                                       (J/P + anus/T)/+cp                                   Janus
"the Roman"                                (J/P + anus/S)/+cp                               Janus
archaic                                    (J/P + anus/C1)/+cp                                Janus
pantheon                                  (J/P + anus/C2)/+cp                               Janus

He                                 (J/P + anus/GC/S/abT)/+cp                                Janus
was                                       (J/S + anus/T)/+cp                                 Janus
often                                      (J/S + anus/P)/+cp                                 Janus
invoked                                   (J/S + anus/C1)/+cp                                Janus
together                                  (J/S + anus/C2)/+cp                                Janus
"with Iuppiter"                          (J/S + anus/GC/S/abT)/+cp                           Janus


According to Macrobius and Cicero, Janus and Jana (Diana) are a pair of divinities, worshipped as the sun and moon, whence they were regarded as the highest of the gods, and received their sacrifices before all the others.[4]

"According to"                              (J/C1 + anus/T)/+cp                              Janus
Macrobius                                 (J/C1 + anus/P)/+cp                                Janus
and                                    (J/C1 + anus/S)/+cp                                   Janus
Cicero                              (J/C1 + anus/GC/S/abT)/+cp                              Janus
Janus                                   (J/C2 + anus/T)/+cp                                  Janus
and                                     (J/C2 + anus/P)/+cp                                  Janus
Jana                                    (J/C2 + anus/S)/+cp                                  Janus
are                                (J/C2 + anus/GC/S/abT)/+cp                               Janus
"a pair"                              (J/GC/S/abT + anus/T)/+cp                              Janus
"of divinities"                          (J/GC/S/abT + anus/P)/+cp                            Janus
worshipped                            (J/GC/S/abT + anus/S)/+cp                            Janus
as                                 (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C1)/+cp                               Janus
"the sun"                            (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C2)/+cp                             Janus

"and moon"                                (J/T + anus/P)/+bp                                Janus
whence                                  (J/T + anus/S)/+bp                                  Janus
they                                   (J/T + anus/C1)/+bp                                   Janus
"were regarded"                            (J/T + anus/C2)/+bp                              Janus
as                                 (J/T + anus/GC/S/abT)/+bp                                Janus
"the highest"                               (J/P + anus/T)/+bp                                Janus
of                                     (J/P + anus/S)/+bp                                     Janus
"the gods"                                (J/P + anus/C1)/+bp                                Janus
and                                    (J/P + anus/C2)/+bp                                   Janus
received                               (J/P + anus/GC/S/abT)/+bp                            Janus
their                                    (J/S + anus/T)/+bp                                   Janus
sacrifices                                  (J/S + anus/P)/+bp                                 Janus
before                                   (J/S + anus/C1)/+bp                                 Janus
all                                     (J/S + anus/C2)/+bp                                   Janus
"the others"                          (J/S + anus/GC/S/abT)/+bp                             Janus


In general, Janus was the patron of concrete and abstract beginnings of the world[5](such as the religion and the gods themselves), the human life,[6] new historical ages, and economical enterprises. He was also the god of the home entrance (ianua), gates, bridges and covered and arcaded passages (iani) named after him.

"In general"                              (J/C1 + anus/T)/+bp                                Janus
Janus                                    (J/C1 + anus/P)/+bp                                 Janus
was                                   (J/C1 + anus/S)/+bp                                   Janus
"the patron"                           (J/C1 + anus/GC/S/abT)/+bp                          Janus
"of concrete"                              (J/C2 + anus/T)/+bp                               Janus
and                                    (J/C2 + anus/P)/+bp                                   Janus
abstract                                 (J/C2 + anus/S)/+bp                                 Janus
beginnings                            (J/C2 + anus/GC/S/abT)/+bp                           Janus
of                                 (J/GC/S/abT + anus/T)/+bp                                Janus
"the world"                            (J/GC/S/abT + anus/P)/+bp                            Janus
"such as"                              (J/GC/S/abT + anus/S)/+bp                            Janus
"the religion"                           (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C1)/+bp                          Janus
and                                (J/GC/S/abT + anus/C2)/+bp                              Janus

*               Janus  >>  ("the gods" /P/+cp)/T
*               Janus  >>  (themselves /S/+cp)/T
*               Janus  >>  ("the human" /C1/+cp)/T
*               Janus  >>  (life /C2/+cp)/T
*               Janus  >>  (new /GC/S/abT/+cp)/T
*               Janus  >>  (historical /T/+cp)/P
*               Janus  >>  (ages /S/+cp)/P
*               Janus  >>  (and /C1/+cp)/P

Et cetera.


He was frequently used to symbolize change and transitions such as the progression of past to future, of one condition to another, of one vision to another, the growing up of young people, and of one universe to another. He was also known as the figure representing time because he could see into the past with one face and into the future with the other. Hence, Janus was worshipped at the beginnings of the harvest and planting times, as well as marriages, deaths and other beginnings. He was representative of the middle ground between barbarity and civilization, rural country and urban cities, and youth and adulthood.

Numa in his regulation of the Roman calendar called the first month Januarius after Janus, at the time the highest divinity. Numa also introduced the Ianus geminus (also Janus Bifrons, Janus Quirinus or Portae Belli) , a passage ritually opened at times of war, and shut again when Roman arms rested.[7] It formed a walled enclosure with gates at each end, situated in the Roman Forum which had been consecrated by Numa Pompilius. In the course of wars, the gates of the Janus were opened, and in its interior sacrifices and vaticinia were held to forecast the outcome of military deeds.[8] The doors were closed only during peacetime, an extremely rare event. Livy wrote in his Ab urbe condita that the doors of the temple had only been closed twice since the reign of Numa: firstly in 235 BC after the first Punic war and secondly in after the battle of Actium in 31 BC. A temple of Janus is said to have been consecrated by the consul Gaius Duilius in 260 BCE after the Battle of Mylae in the Forum Holitorium. The four-side structure known as the Arch of Janus in the Forum Boarium dates to the 4th century CE.

In the Middle Ages, Janus was also taken as the symbol of Genoa, whose Latin name was Ianua, as well as of other European communes.[citation needed]


Et cetera.



2.                                February

*                 "2nd month"  >>  February /GC/S/abE

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/February ,    
February is the second month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars. It is the shortest month and the only month with less than 30 days. The month has 29 days

 in leap years, when the year number is divisible by four (except for years that are divisible by 100 and not by 400 in the Gregorian calendar). In common years the month has 28 days.

*    February >> "the second month of the year" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "in the Julian" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> and /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> Gregorian /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> calendars /GC/P/abE/+bp >> It /GC/P/abE/+cp >> is /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> the /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> shortest /GC/S/abR/+bp >> month /GC/S/abR/+cp >> and /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> the /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> only /GC/P/abR/+bp >> month /GC/P/abR/+cp >> with /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> less /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> than /mGC/abE/+bp >> "30" /mGC/abE/+cp >> days /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> The /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> month /mGC/abR/+bp >> has /mGC/abR/+cp >> "29" /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> days /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

"second month" >> in /GC/S/abE/+bp >> leap /GC/S/abE/+cp >> years /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> when /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> the /GC/P/abE/+bp >> year /GC/P/abE/+cp >> number /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~


In the Southern Hemisphere, February is the seasonal equivalent of August in the Northern Hemisphere.

February starts on the same day of the week as March and November in common years, and on the same day of the week as August in leap years. February ends on the same day of the week as October every year and January in common years only.


History
February was named after the Latin term februum, which means purification, via the purification ritual Februa held on February 15 in the old Roman calendar. January and February were the last two months to be added to the Roman calendar, since the Romans originally considered winter a monthless period. They were added by Numa Pompilius about 713 BC. February remained the last month of the calendar year until the time of the decemvirs (c. 450 BC), when it became the second month. At certain intervals February was truncated to 23 or 24 days; and a 27-day intercalary month, Intercalaris, was inserted immediately after February to realign the year with the seasons.

*                            "2nd month"  >>  February /GC/S/abE

*                      February /GC/S/abE/Ch  >>  februum /P  >>  Latin /P/Ch

**                      februum  >>  purification /mGC/abR/Ch

*                purification /mGC/abR  >>  Februa /P  >>  "purification ritual" /P/Ch

"held on February 15th"                           (F/C2 + ebrua/P)                          Februa
"in the Roman calendar"                        (F/C2 + ebrua/P)/Ch                         Februa


"around 713 BC"                  (N/P + "-uma Pompilius"/T)/Ch                  "Numa Pompilius"

*  "around 713 BC"  >>  "January and February" /mGC/abE  >>  "added to the roman calendar" /mGC/abE/Ch

** "January and February" /mGC/abE/Ch >> "standard lunar year" /P >> "355 days" /P/Ch >> "the last two months" /GC/S/abT >> "of the Roman calendar" /GC/S/abT/Ch


"450 BC"                                 (F/P + ebruary/S)                                February
circa                                  (F/P + ebruary/S)/Ch                                February
decemvirs                               (F/P + ebruary/C2)                                February
"last month"                            (F/P + ebruary/C2)/Ch                             February

"the second month"                      (F/C2 + ebruary/GC/S/abT)                       February
"of the year"                        (F/C2 + ebruary/GC/S/abT)/Ch                        February

*   February >> ("At certain intervals" /P)/GC/S/abT >> ("February was truncated" /P/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> ("to 23 or 24 days" /S)/GC/S/abT >> ("and a 27-day intercalary month" /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> (Intercalaris /C1)/GC/S/abT >> ("was inserted" /C1/Ch)/GC/S/abT >> ("immediately after February" /C2)/GC/S/abT >> ("to realign the year with the seasons " /C2/Ch)/GC/S/abT


Under the reforms that instituted the Julian calendar, Intercalaris was abolished, leap years occurred regularly every fourth year (after a few years of confusion), and in leap years February gained a 29th day. Thereafter, it remained the second month of the calendar year, meaning the order that months are displayed (January, February, March, ..., December) within a year-at-a-glance calendar. Even during the Middle Ages, when the numbered Anno Domini year began on March 25 or December 25, the second month was February whenever all twelve months were displayed in order. The Gregorian calendar reforms made slight changes to the system for determining which years were leap years and thus contained a 29-day February.

*    Intercalaris >> "Under the reforms" /mGC/abR/+bp >> that /mGC/abR/+cp >> instituted /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> the /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp >> Julian /mGC/abE/+bp >> calendar /mGC/abE/+cp >> ~ ~ ~

Re:    Article of  "‘Moby-Dick’  'Coca Cola'  pronouns/4,  'Chinese carry-out'  'days of months'  'leap year (day)'  date"
<<Column 6.  "leap year">>

Historical names for February include the Anglo-Saxon terms Solmonath (mud month) and Kale-monath (named for cabbage) as well as Charlemagne's designation Hornung. In Finnish, the month is called helmikuu, meaning "month of the pearl"; when snow melts on tree branches, it forms droplets, and as these freeze again, they are like pearls of ice. In Ukrainian, the month is called лютий meaning the month of ice or hard frost.

*    February >> Solmonath /GC/S/abE >> "Anglo-Saxon" /GC/S/abE/Ch >> "Kale-monath" /GC/P/abR >> "Anglo-Saxon" /GC/P/abR/Ch >> Hornung /mGC/abR/+cp >> Charlemagne /mGC/abR/+bp >> helmikuu /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp >> Finnish /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> лютий [na ŋΛ t=n nu] /GC/P/abR/+cp >> Ukraine /GC/P/abR/+bp

**                   Solmonath /GC/S/abE/Ch  >>  "mud month" /P

**                   "Kale-monath" /GC/P/abR/Ch  >>  cabbage /P

**   helmikuu /mGC/abR/+cp >> "month of the pearl" /P >> "when snow melts on tree branches" /GC/S/abE >> "it forms droplets" /GC/S/abE/Ch >> "and as these freeze again" /GC/P/abE >> "they are like pearls of ice" /GC/P/abE/Ch

**          лютий [na ŋΛ t=n nu] /GC/P/abR/+cp/Ch  >>  "month of ice or hard frost" /P



3.                            March

*                 "3rd month"  >>  March /GC/S/abE

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/March ,  
March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, and one of the seven months which are 31 days long.

*    March >> "the third month of the year" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "in the Gregorian Calendar" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> and /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> one /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> of /GC/P/abE/+bp >> the /GC/P/abE/+cp >> seven /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> months /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> which /GC/S/abR/+bp >> are /GC/S/abR/+cp >> "31" /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> days /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> long /GC/P/abR/+bp

March in the Southern Hemisphere is the seasonal equivalent of September in the Northern Hemisphere.

March >> March /GC/P/abR/+cp >> in /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> the /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> Southern /mGC/abE/+bp >> Hemisphere /mGC/abE/+cp >> is /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> the /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> seasonal /mGC/abR/+bp >> equivalent /mGC/abR/+cp >> of /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> "September in the Northern Hemisphere" /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp


In the Northern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological spring is 1 March. In the Southern hemisphere, the beginning of the meteorological autumn is 1 March.

*    "3rd month" >> " In /GC/S/abE/+bp >> the /GC/S/abE/+cp >> Northern /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> hemisphere /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> the /GC/P/abE/+bp >> beginning /GC/P/abE/+cp >> of /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~


The name of March comes from ancient Rome, when March was the first month of the year and named Martius after Mars, the Roman god of war. In Rome, where the climate is Mediterranean, March was the first month of spring, a logical point for the beginning of the year as well as the start of the military campaign season. January became the first month of the calendar year either under King Numa Pompilius (c. 713 BC) or under the Decemvirs about 450 BC (Roman writers differ). The numbered year began on March 1 in Russia until the end of the 15th century. Great Britain and its colonies continued to use March 25 until 1752, which was when they ultimately adopted the Gregorian calendar. Many other cultures and religions still celebrate the beginning of the New Year in March.

*                                  March  >>  Martius /mGC/abE

**                  Martius /mGC/abE/Ch  >>  Mars /P  >>  "the Roman god of war" /P/Ch


In Finnish, the month is called maaliskuu, which originates from maallinen kuu, meaning earthy month, because during maaliskuu, earth finally became visible under the snow. In Ukrainian, the month is called березень, meaning birch tree. Historical names for March include the Saxon Lentmonat, named after the equinox and gradual lengthening of days, and the eventual namesake of Lent. Saxons also called March Rhed-monat or Hreth-monath (deriving from their goddess Rhedam/Hreth), and Angles called it Hyld-monath.

* March >> maaliskuu /GC/S/abE >> Finnish /GC/S/abE/Ch >> березень /GC/P/abR >> Ukraine /GC/P/abR/Ch >> (Lentmonat /S)/T >> (Saxon /S/Ch)/T >> ("Rhed-monat" /GC/S/abT)/T >> (Saxon /GC/S/abT/Ch)/T >> ("Hreth-monath" /S)/P >> (Saxon /S/Ch)/P >> ("Hyld-monath" /GC/S/abT)/P >> (Angles /GC/S/abT)/P

**                   maaliskuu /GC/S/abE  >>  "maallinen kuu" /P  >>  "earthy month" /P/Ch

**                                 березень /GC/P/abR/Ch  >>  "birch tree" /P

**            (Lentmonat /S/Ch)/T  >>  "the equinox and gradual lengthening of days" /P  >>  Lent

**                           Rhed  >>  Rhedam /mGC/abE  >>  goddess /mGC/abE/Ch

**                                     Hreth  >>  (goddess /S)/T

March starts on the same day of the week as November every year and February in common years only. March ends on the same day of the week as June every year.



4.                                    April

*                             "4th month"  >>  April /GC/S/abE

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/April ,    
April is the fourth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, and one of four months with a length of 30 days. April was originally the second month of the Roman calendar, before January and

February were added by King Numa Pompilius about 700 BC. It became the fourth month of the calendar year (the year when twelve months are displayed in order) during the time of the decemvirs about 450 BC, when it also was given 29 days. The derivation of the name (Latin Aprilis) is uncertain. The traditional etymology is from the Latin aperire, "to open," in allusion to its being the season when trees and flowers begin to "open," which is supported by comparison with the modern Greek use of ἁνοιξις (opening) for spring. Since some of the Roman months were named in honor of divinities, and as April was sacred to Venus, the Festum Veneris et Fortunae Virilis being held on the first day, it has been suggested that Aprilis was originally her month Aphrilis, from her Greek name Aphrodite (Aphros), or from the Etruscan name Apru. Jacob Grimm suggests the name of a hypothetical god or hero, Aper or Aprus.[1]

*    April >> "the fourth month of the year" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "in the Gregorian Calendar" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> and /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> one /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> of /GC/P/abE/+bp >> four /GC/P/abE/+cp >> months /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> with /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> a /GC/S/abR/+bp >> length /GC/S/abR/+cp >> "of 30 days" /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> April /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> was /GC/P/abR/+bp >> originally /GC/P/abR/+cp >> the /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> second /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> month /mGC/abE/+bp >> of /mGC/abE/+cp >> the /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> Roman /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> calendar /mGC/abR/+bp >> before /mGC/abR/+cp >> January /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> and /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

"4th month" >> February /GC/S/abE/+bp >> were /GC/S/abE/+cp >> added /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> by /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> King /GC/P/abE/+bp >> Numa /GC/P/abE/+cp >> Pompilius /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> about /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> "700" /GC/S/abR/+bp >> B /GC/S/abR/+cp >> C /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~


*  April  >>  Aprilis /mGC/abE  >>  Latin /mGC/abE/Ch  >>  aperire /GC/S/abE  >>  Latin /GC/S/abE/Ch

**                          aperire /GC/S/abE /Ch  >>  open /P


Venus                                  ([ŋ=  w=]/P + April/S)                                 April

"Festum Veneris et Fortunae Virilis"                    (V/C2 + enus/P)/Ch                    Venus

"April 1st"                                  (V/C2 + enus/P)                                   Venus


*   Aprilis /mGC/abE/Ch >> Aphrilis /P >> Aphrodite /P/Ch >> Aphros /C2 >> Greek /C2/Ch >> Apru /C1 >> Etruscan /C1/Ch >> (Aper /T)/P >> (Aprus /C2)/P

**                           (Aper /T/Ch)/P  >>  "Jacob Grimm" /P

**             (Aprus /C2/Ch)/P  >>  "hypothetical god" /P  >>  "hypothetical hero" /P/Ch


The Anglo-Saxons called April Oster-monath or Eostur-monath. The Venerable Bede says that this month is the root of the word Easter. He further speculates that the month was named after a goddess Eostre whose feast was in that month. St George's day is the twenty-third of the month; and St Mark's Eve, with its superstition that the ghosts of those who are doomed to die within the year will be seen to pass into the church, falls on the twenty-fourth. In China the symbolic ploughing of the earth by the emperor and princes of the blood takes place in their third month, which frequently corresponds to our April. The Finns called (and still call) this month Huhtikuu, or 'Burnwood Month', when the wood for beat and burn clearing of farmland was felled.

"Oster-monath"                           ([ŋ=  w=]/T + April/C1)/Ch                         April

"Eostur-monath"                          ([ŋ=  w=]/S + April/C1)/Ch                         April

*                           "Oster-monath"  >>  "Anglo-Saxon" /mGC/abE

*                           "Eostur-monath"  >>  "Anglo-Saxon" /mGC/abE


Easter                             ([ŋ=  w=]/GC/S/abT + April/S)/Ch                          April
"The Venerable Bede"                     ([ŋ=  w=]/GC/S/abT + April/S)                     April

Eostre                            ([ŋ=  w=]/GC/S/abT + April/C2)/Ch                         April
goddess                             ([ŋ=  w=]/GC/S/abT + April/C2)                          April

"St George's day"                    ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "April 23rd"/C1)/Ch                   "April 23rd"

"St Mark's Eve"                   ([ŋ=  w=]/S + "April 24 th"C1)/Ch                   "April 24 th"


*                   April  >>  Huhtikuu /mGC/abE  >>  Finn /mGC/abE/Ch

**                         Huhtikuu /mGC/abE/Ch  >>  "Burnwood Month" /P


The "days of April" (journées d'avril) is a name appropriated in French history to a series of insurrections at Lyons, Paris and elsewhere, against the government of Louis Philippe in 1834, which led to violent repressive measures, and to a famous trial known as the procès d'avril.

"journées d'avril"                         (r/P + evolution /T)/Ch                          revolution

"procès d'avril"                            (j/P + udgment/T)/Ch                          judgment


The birthstone of April is the diamond, and the birth flower is typically listed as either the Daisy or the Sweet Pea.[2]

*                              diamond  >>  "birthstone of April" /mGC/abE

"birth flower of April"                          (D/GC/S/abT + aisy/C1)                        Daisy

"birth flower of April"                     (S/GC/S/abT + "-weet Pea"/C1)                  "Sweet Pea"


April is commonly associated with the season of spring in the Northern hemisphere and autumn in the Southern hemisphere, where it is the seasonal equivalent to October in the Northern hemisphere and vice versa.

April starts on the same day of the week as July in all years, and January in leap years. April ends on the same day of the week as December every year.



5.                                       May

*                                 "5th month"  >>  May /GC/S/abE

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May ,  
May is the fifth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian Calendars and one of seven months with the length of 31 days.

*    May >> "the fifth month of the year" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "in the Julian" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> and /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> Gregorian /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> Calendars /GC/P/abE/+bp >> and /GC/P/abE/+cp >> one /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> seven /GC/S/abR/+bp >> months /GC/S/abR/+cp >> with /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> the /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> length /GC/P/abR/+bp >> of /GC/P/abR/+cp >> "31" /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> days /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp


May is a month of autumn in the Southern Hemisphere and spring in the Northern Hemisphere. Therefore May in the Southern Hemisphere

 is the seasonal equivalent of November in the Northern Hemisphere and vice versa.

May >> May /mGC/abE/+bp >> "is a month" /mGC/abE/+cp >> "of autumn" /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> "in the Southern Hemisphere" /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> "and spring" /mGC/abR/+bp >> "in the Northern Hemisphere" /mGC/abR/+cp >> Therefore /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> "May in the Southern Hemisphere" /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

*    "fifth month" >> "is the seasonal equivalent" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "of November" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> "in the Northern Hemisphere" /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> "and vice versa" /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp


No other month begins or ends on the same day of the week as May in any year. January of the following year always begins and ends on the same day of the week as May of the current year.

"fifth month" >> "No other month" /GC/P/abE/+bp >> "begins or ends" /GC/P/abE/+cp >> "on the same day" /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> "of the week" /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> "as May in any year" /GC/S/abR/+bp >> ~ ~ ~


The month May was named for the Greek goddess Maia, who was identified with the Roman era goddess of fertility, Bona Dea, whose festival was held in May. Conversely, the Roman poet Ovid provides a second etymology, in which he says that the month of May is named for the maiores, Latin for "elders," and that the following month (June) is named for the iuniores, or "young people" (Fasti VI.88).

*       May  >>  Maia /mGC/abE  >>  "Bona Dea" /GC/S/abR  >>  (maiores /S)/GC/S/abT

**                       Maia /mGC/abE/Ch  >>  "Greek goddess" /P

**     "Bona Dea" /GC/S/abR  >>  goddess /P  >>  "of Roman era" /P/Ch/+bp >>  fertility /Ch/+cp

*             (maiores /S/Ch)/GC/S/abT  >>  Latin /P  >>  Ovid /P/Ch  >>  elders /S

"Roman poet"                       ([ŋ=  w=]/GC/S/abT + Ovid/C1)/Ch                       Ovid

iuniores                                     (J/T + une/P)/Ch                                  June
Ovid                                         (J/T + une/P)                                     June
"young people"                                (J/T + une/S)/Ch                                June
Fasti                                      (J/T + une/C2)/Ch                                   June
V                                         (J/P + une/T)/Ch                                     June
I                                         (J/P + une/S)/Ch                                     June
"88"                                      (J/P + une/C2)/Ch                                    June


In Slovene, the most established traditional name of May is veliki traven, meaning the when plants grow. It was first written in 1466 in the Škofja Loka manuscript. There are numerous other names for it, for example majnik, cvetnar, rožni mesec. The latter two relate to flowers blossoming.

*    May >> Maia /mGC/abE >> "Bona Dea" /GC/S/abR >> (maiores /S)/GC/S/abT >> "veliki traven" /GC/P/abR >> majnik /GC/P/abE >> cvetnar /GC/P/abR/Ch >> "rožni mesec" /GC/P/abE/Ch

**    "veliki traven" /GC/P/abR/Ch >> Slovene /P >> "when plants grow" /S >> "1466" /T >> "Škofja Loka manuscript" /T/Ch

**                    cvetnar /GC/P/abR  >>  "flowers blossoming" /P

**                    "rožni mesec" /GC/P/abE  >>  "flowers blossoming" /P



6.                                            June

*                              "6th month"  >>  June /GC/S/abE

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/June ,    
June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with a length of 30 days. The Roman poet Ovid provides two etymologies for June's name in his poem concerning the

 months entitled the Fasti. The first is that the month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, wife of Jupiter and equivalent to the Greek goddess Hera, whilst the second is that the name comes from the Latin word iuniores, meaning "younger ones," as opposed to maiores ("elders") for which the preceding month May is named (Fasti VI.1–88). See: Months in various calendars also called the season of the unicorn.

*    June >> "the sixth month of the year" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "in the Gregorian calendar" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> with /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> a /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> length /GC/P/abE/+bp >> of /GC/P/abE/+cp >> "30" /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> days /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> The /GC/S/abR/+bp >> Roman /GC/S/abR/+cp >> poet /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> Ovid /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> provides /GC/P/abR/+bp >> two /GC/P/abR/+cp >> etymologies /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> for /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> June /mGC/abE/+bp >> S [ŋe  s=] /mGC/abE/+cp >> name /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> in /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> his /mGC/abR/+bp >> poem /mGC/abR/+cp >> concerning /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> the /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

"sixth month" >> months /GC/S/abE/+bp >> entitled /GC/S/abE/+cp >> the /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> Fasti /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> The /GC/P/abE/+bp >> first /GC/P/abE/+cp >> is /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> ~ ~ ~


*    June >> Juno /mGC/abE >> "Roman goddess" /mGC/abE/Ch >> Hera /GC/P/abE >> Ovid /GC/S/abR


**                     Juno /mGC/abE/Ch  >>  "wife of Jupiter" /P

**                     Hera /GC/P/abE/Ch  >>  "Greek goddess" /P

**   Ovid /GC/S/abR/Ch >> "Roman poet" /P >> Fasti /P/Ch >> iuniores /T >> "younger ones" /T/Ch >> maiores /S >> elders /S/Ch

*                                    maiores  >>  May /mGC/abE

**      May /mGC/abE/Ch  >>  Fasti /P  >>  VI /P/Ch  >>  "1" /T  >>  "88" /T/Ch

"season of the unicorn"                           (J/C2 + une/P)/Ch                           June


~ ~

The traditional June birthstone is the pearl. The June birth flower is the rose, or the honeysuckle, as roses and honeysuckles bloom throughout June. June is also sometimes called the "Rose month."

"June birthstone"                              (p/P + earl/C2)/Ch                              pearl

"June birth flower"                             (r/C2 + ose/P)/Ch                               rose
"June birth flower"                     (h/C2 + oneysuckle/P)/Ch                       honeysuckle

"Rose month"                              (J/C2 + une/T)/Ch                                  June


June is known for the large number of marriages that occur over the course of the month. According to one etymology, June is named after Juno (Hera). Juno was the goddess of marriage and a married couple's household, so some consider it good luck to be married in this month.[1]

"goddess of marriage"                           (J/C2 + uno/P)/Ch                            Juno



7.                                     July

*                              "7th month"  >>  July /GC/S/abE

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/July ,    
July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. It is, on average, the warmest month in most of

 the Northern hemisphere (where it is the second month of summer) and the coldest month in much of the Southern hemisphere (where it is the second month of winter). The second half of the year commences in July. In the Southern Hemisphere, July is the seasonal equivalent of January.

*    July >> "the seventh month of the year" /GC/S/abE/+bp >> "in the Gregorian calendar" /GC/S/abE/+cp >> and /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> one /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> of /GC/P/abE/+bp >> seven /GC/P/abE/+cp >> Gregorian /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> months /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> with /GC/S/abR/+bp >> the /GC/S/abR/+cp >> length /GC/S/abR/Ch/+bp >> of /GC/S/abR/Ch/+cp >> "31" /GC/P/abR/+bp >> days /GC/P/abR/+cp >> It /GC/P/abR/Ch/+bp >> is /GC/P/abR/Ch/+cp >> on /mGC/abE/+bp >> average /mGC/abE/+cp >> the /mGC/abE/Ch/+bp >> warmest /mGC/abE/Ch/+cp >> month /mGC/abR/+bp >> in /mGC/abR/+cp >> most /mGC/abR/Ch/+bp >> of /mGC/abR/Ch/+cp

"seventh month" >> the /GC/S/abE/+bp >> Northern /GC/S/abE/+cp >> hemisphere /GC/S/abE/Ch/+bp >> where /GC/S/abE/Ch/+cp >> it /GC/P/abE/+bp >> is /GC/P/abE/+cp >> the /GC/P/abE/Ch/+bp >> second /GC/P/abE/Ch/+cp >> ~ ~ ~


The birthstone for July is a red ruby.

"July birthstone"                          (r/S + "-ed ruby"/P)                            "red ruby"


In the Northern hemisphere:
•    Dog days begin in early July, when the hot sultry weather of summer usually starts.
•    Summer school is under way for many students.
•    Spring lambs, born in late winter or early spring, are usually sold before July 1.

"dog days"                         (h/C2 + "-ot summer"/S)                          "hot summer"

"summer school"                           (sc/S + hool/GC/S/abT)                           school
"summer university"                       (s/C2 + ummer/GC/S/abT)                      summer


Previously, it was called Quintilis in Latin, since it was the fifth month in the ancient Roman calendar, which traditionally set March as the beginning of the year before it was changed to January at the time of the decemvirs about 450 BC. The name was then changed by Augustus to honor Julius Caesar. In the ancient Roman calendar the ides of July fell on the 15th day of the month.
July starts on the same day of the week as April every year, and January in leap years. In a common year no other month ends on the same day as July, while in a leap year July ends on the same day of the week as January.

*                          July  >>  Quintilis /mGC/abE  >>  Latin /mGC/abE/Ch

**                Quintilis /mGC/abE/Ch  >>  "fifth month" /P  >>  "Roman calendar" /P/Ch

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DATE: 2012.10.14 - 23:56


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552Simple viewacquiesce, check, get, numb, coward, amount, principal, couple, husband, pair, set,  (ad)dress,  'call oneself' Y... 2012.02.13
551Simple viewfounder/flounder, author, passed/past, permit (of), way(s), ticket, race, series, (a)wake(n), mean(s), comprise Y... 2012.02.13
550Simple viewbug, contrast, vulgar, distinct(ive), crucial, contrast,  practicable/practical,  alternative/alternate, role, need Y... 2012.02.13
549Simple view'ui=*a/Λ/o'  act(ion), credentialed, best, spree, plane, number, 'look to', ilk, chagrin, senior/downsize, hassle Y... 2012.02.13
548Simple view>> Corrected                                  "verb /C1 & /S" Y... 2012.04.06
547Simple view       +'Phonetic study  on  English  nouns'        < Lingering of articles >        'definite/indefinite article' Y... 2012.02.13
546Simple view>>         'English  verb/adjective/adverb'     (derived nouns)               < have / be as v.aux. > Y... 2012.02.13
545Simple view             Mr.   Mrs.   씨,   さん,   氏              English/Korean/Japanese/Chinese  honorifics Y... 2012.02.13
544Simple view'Lost Generation',         'black hole'           Pearl S. Buck,          ** Beethoven **         <periodic table> Y... 2011.12.09
543Simple viewThomas Mann,   Ernest Hemingway,   Winston Churchill,   Rabindranath Tagore,    *Albert Einstein*   川端 康成 Y... 2011.11.25
542Simple view   Jane Austen,   Franz Kafka,   Virginia Woolf,   James Joyce,   Ezra Pound,   Gustave Flaubert,   George Sand Y... 2011.11.21
541Simple viewnickname,  'slave states'   'Roman numeral'    Conan Doyle,   Charles Baudelaire,   Mark Twain,    Helen Keller Y... 2011.11.21
540Simple viewIndian/Interlingua,     Leyzer Zamenhof,   'a pair of scissors',     Benjamin Franklin,    Poe/Yeats,   H. G. Wells Y... 2011.11.09
539Simple view'Occupy Wall -'    adjectives;    'US' Presidents'  Lincoln/Washington/Jefferson,   'Declaration of Independence' Y... 2011.11.02
538Simple view    Herman Melville,  G. A. Henty,  Oliver Wendell Holmes,  John Greenleaf Whittier,    James Russell Lowell Y... 2011.10.28
537Simple viewJoseph Conrad,  Lawrence/Hogarth,  Flinders Petrie,  Amelia Edwards,  Gaston Maspero,  Nathaniel Hawthorne Y... 2011.10.21
536Simple view    George Bernard Shaw,        William Archer,  Alfred Sutro,  Maurice Maeterlinck,  Henrik Ibsen,   Maupassant Y... 2011.10.15
535Simple viewBalzac,  Charles Dickens,    Leo Tolstoy,  Fyodor Dostoevsky,   Pushkin/Gogol/Gorky/Turgenev,  Anton Chekhov Y... 2011.10.12
534Simple viewJohn Dryden,  Jonathan Swift,  Alexander Pope,  William Cowper,  John Fletcher,       Walter Scott,     Stendhal Y... 2011.10.05
533Simple viewPliny the Younger,  Petronius, Tacitus,     Martial,  Silius Italicus, Quintilian,     Seneca,   William Lisle Bowles Y... 2011.09.29
532Simple viewSamuel Taylor Coleridge,  William Wordsworth,  Emerson,    Virgil/Ovid/Horace/Statius,   Suetonius,  Juvenal Y... 2011.09.26
531Simple viewAugust Bebel,  Herbert Spencer,            Charles Darwin,        Jean-Baptiste Lamarck,     Thomas Henry Huxley Y... 2011.09.23
530Simple viewEdmund Spenser, Franz Liszt,  Victor Hugo, Alphonse de Lamartine, Heinrich Heine,  Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels Y... 2011.09.17
529Simple viewLilly/Tasso, James Henry Leigh Hunt, Samuel Daniel, Martha Foote Crow, Claudio Monteverdi,  Richard Wagner Y... 2011.09.04
528Simple viewRobert Herrick, Samuel Pepys, William Caxton, Henry B. Wheatley, Swinburne, Christina Rossetti,   Vampyre Y... 2011.09.01
527Simple viewHeinrich Bullinger,  Johannes Brenz,  Georg Joachim Rheticus,  Philipp Melanchthon,  William Alabaster Y... 2011.09.01
526Simple viewPetrus Ramus,  Theodore Beza,  Philip Schaff,  Joachim Westphal,  François Hotman,  'The Right to Heresy' Y... 2011.08.07
525Simple viewAdam Smith,  Cassius Dio,    Stephanus,  William Smith,  Pausanias,  Marcus Aurelius, Diogenes Laërtius Y... 2011.08.03
524Simple view>> Corrected                                <Moralia> Y... 2011.08.31
523Simple viewTorricelli, Bernoulli, 'Jean le Rond d'Alembert', Diderot, 'Ephraim Chambers', 'Pierre Bayle', 'Laurence Sterne' Y... 2011.07.26
522Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
521Simple viewHero/Vitruvius Apollonius/Diophantus/Theon,       d'Aguilon, 'John Aubrey', 'François Viète', Oughtred/Pascal Y... 2011.07.21
520Simple viewCusa/Nunes/Vesalius/Borelli, 'de Vere', Stanley,  Vinci/Michelangelo/Raphael, 'Luca Pacioli',   Vasari/Alberti Y... 2011.07.12
519Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.24
518Simple viewGuicciardini, 'Pico della Mirandola', Frisius*, Nostradamus, 'Sir Philip Sidney', Milton/Chaucer/Boiardo/Cardano Y... 2011.07.05
517Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
516Simple viewShelley/Keats/Byron/Castelli/Orta/Wycliffe/Huss,  'Mary Sidney',  Baïf/Montaigne/Buchanan, 'Marie de Gournay' Y... 2011.07.01
515Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
514Simple viewMarlowe/Nashe/Chapman, 'Ben Jonson', 'Beaumont & Fletcher', Marston/Fleay/Glapthorne/Warburton/Brome Y... 2011.06.24
513Simple viewVarro/Catullus/Livy/Sallust,   Ovid/Apuleius/Horace/Lucretius,      Calvin/Servetus/Zwingli/Cranmer/Luther Y... 2011.06.19
512Simple viewSavonarola/Colet/Erasmus/Loyola/Ficino/Mirandola/Gracián/Swedenborg/Ockham/Abelard,    Latin,   'Lex Talio' Y... 2011.06.12
511Simple viewTerence/Menippus/Arcesilaus/Theophras-,  Voltaire/Maupertuis/Schiller/Winckelmann/Rochefoucauld/Cervantes Y... 2011.06.07
510Simple viewBoccaccio/Petrarch/Helvétius/Cesare/Malthus,  Say/Gresham,  Machiavelli/Telesio/Boyle/Bacon/Kepler/Brahe Y... 2011.06.04
509Simple viewHerder/Sanai/Hafez,  Dante, 'Adam Smith', 'Richard Cantillon', 'Henry More', ''Isaac Newton', Ricardo/Bentham Y... 2011.06.01
508Simple viewBerkeley, 'Giordano Bruno', Spinoza/Rousseau/Fichte/Hölderlin/Schelling, 'Jakob Böhme', Hamann/Goethe/Vigo Y... 2011.05.29
507Simple view'Thomas Hobbes' 'John Stuart Mill' 'Arthur Schopenhauer' 'Friedrich Nietzsche' Hegel/Kant/Hume/Locke/Leibniz Y... 2011.05.26
506Simple viewGalileo/Orpheus/Argonautica/Strabo,    'Augustine of Hippo', Neoplatonism/Enneads/Cicero/Anselm/Descartes Y... 2011.05.24
505Simple view                              "English    spelling/vocabulary"                   (Korean connection) Y... 2011.05.19
504Simple viewPyrrho/Galen/Avicenna/Averroes/Maimonides, 'Albertus Magnus', 'Thomas Aquinas', 'Duns Scotus', Copernicus Y... 2011.05.17
503Simple viewArchimedes/Aspasia/Euclid/Hipparchus/Hippocrates/Leonidas/Pericles/Ptolemy/Solon/Themistocles/Epicurus Y... 2011.05.14
502Simple view             Phonetic study    on   German/French   words/sentences Y... 2011.05.13
501Simple view'Milesian school'  'Seven Wonders'  Eleatics/sophism/pluralist/Cynics/Stoic/Montesquieu/Suda/eureka/Vitruvius Y... 2011.05.11
500Simple viewAeschylus/Aesop/Euripides/Hesiod,   Homer/Lucian/Menander/Pindar,  Polybius/Sappho/Sophocles, Alcibiades Y... 2011.05.11
499Simple viewThales/Anaximander/Anaximenes/Pythagoras,  Anaxagoras/Empedocles,  Antisthenes/Diogenes/Crates/Zeno Y... 2011.05.07
498Simple view'geologic era'  'Stone Age'   Yahoo/Google   'Know yourself'   introspection   'Seven Sages'   'material monism' Y... 2011.05.05
497Simple viewSocrates/Thucydides/Plutarch/Herodotus/Xenophon/Aristophanes/Plato/Aristotle/Parmenides/Democritus, etc. Y... 2011.05.04
496Simple view                           phonetic analysis on     Buddha  &  Buddhism Y... 2011.05.04
495Simple viewPhonetic analysis on   Hinduism/Veda/Sanskrit/Prakrit/Zoroaster, Manichaeism/Mani,  Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh Y... 2011.04.29
494Simple view'net-cutting'  'country music'  'General Zod'      BC/AD  'Independence day'     BCE/CE    '(Before) Common Era' Y... 2011.04.14
493Simple view    'phonetic study on Jesus Christ  &  Moshe'             'Twelve Apostles'              'Hellenistic civilization??' Y... 2011.04.10
492Simple view           translation :           논어(論語)/공자(孔子/Confucius),               etymological analysis Y... 2011.04.08
491Simple view'論語/논어 [non  ŋΛ]  &  Old Testament'       Torah/Pentateuch         'Why Torah, Prophets, Writings, 四書五經' Y... 2011.04.05
490Simple view'lady-in-waiting'  Confucius/Mencius/Laozi/Micius  popcorn  'Generation Y/X'  'Wonder Woman'       I/you    etc. Y... 2011.04.02
489Simple viewfraction/ordinal,   'national flowers'   'Department of State'    'God bless you!'   'daylight saving time'   *BC/AD Y... 2011.03.20
488Simple view"&/and",                  italic,  ride/drive,       Morrison, Messiah/Immanuel,  succeed,     'Virgin Mary'  Joseph Y... 2011.03.15
487Simple view‘Moby-Dick’     'Coca Cola'       pronouns/4,  'Chinese carry-out'     'days of months'     'leap year (day)'   date Y... 2011.03.04
486Simple view'The Star-Spangled Banner'   &   'God Save the Queen'   &    'Land of Hope and Glory';        national anthems Y... 2011.02.10
485Simple view         'La Marseillaise'              Deutschlandlied              'National anthem of Austria' Y... 2013.05.12
484Simple view'Ask not'/America       months  'days of the week'  day/week/month/year  '(the) first'  hamburger  'Super Bowl' Y... 2011.02.09
483Simple view'passive voice'               'shoe-string budget?'  'you know'  'by the way'  'eh/well'  'blood libel'    'last supper' Y... 2011.01.14
482Simple view'Do I know you?'           'Season's Greetings'  'Auld Lang Syne'      'Christian cross,  resurrection'    'Red Cross' Y... 2011.01.08
481Simple view'Moses & Jesus Christ'            Christ/Jesus,   'Christmas card'   'Why Santa is old man'   MoU,      'Three Magi' Y... 2010.12.25
480Simple view"Shakespeare   &  Plutarch"                  'Sir Thomas More'   'G6'     oneself/myself/ourselves/etc.    ID Y... 2010.12.23
479Simple view'Why wedding dresses are white'              Halloween/제사,  denim, angel(s), eve, Ivy/steak, 'Rhode Island' Y... 2010.12.19
478Simple viewThanksgiving-day,         SantaClaus,           countries,      "silent letter??"     waffle/빈대떡/cupcake Y... 2010.11.26
477Simple view>> More considerations on  "silent letter??";     between GRECOnglish & orthodox English pronunciations Y... 2010.11.27
476Simple view"for the people, by the people, of the people"                          "I have a dream"      yes/no Y... 2010.10.10
475Simple view'it :  imp. v.??'              methinks                               Memorial/Mother's Day,    'hat trick'  franchise/may Y... 2010.06.05
474Simple view"Phonetics/linguistics  &  Bible"                                            "dirty Chinese??" Y... 2010.04.20
473Simple view'aui*Λ/o/='        exigency, need/longing, matter, pressure/force, hurry/rush, weight/postulate/concept/picture Y... 2010.04.05
472Simple view>> Corrected:                   [auiΛ]/S/mES, /S/MS;    [auio]/S/mES, /T/mES, /C1/mES;   [aui=]/P/pES Y... 2010.08.14
471Simple viewview/viewpoint, scheme/surmise/lack/economy/feature,  detail/topic,  item/issue,  point/case,  trifle/matter Y... 2010.04.05
470Simple viewaffair/terrific,  spooky/spook, dreadful/fearsome/awesome/traditional,  customary/familiar,  normal/average Y... 2010.04.05
469Simple viewusual/general,  common/routine, standard, apropos, related/relati-,  germane/cognate, tempor-, fly-by-night Y... 2010.04.05
468Simple viewpassing,  fugitive, 'short-lived', transient/ably/momentarily/amplify/stretch,  expand/wax,  augment/raise Y... 2010.04.05
467Simple viewheighten/lengthen,  embarra-/discountena-,  'show up', offend,  chagrin/vex, mortify/abash,  incarna-/personi- Y... 2010.04.05
466Simple viewrepresent/depict,  illustrate/explicate, codify, manifest, rubbish,  malign/libel,  abuse/mar, decry, blacken Y... 2010.04.05
465Simple viewsignificance/fervour/ebullience,  weight/emphasis, distillation/water/dew/perspiration/moisture/spray/bigotry Y... 2010.04.05
464Simple viewchutzpah', fight, payoff, path,  consequences/end, result(s), verdict,  upshot/event, compatible, consonant Y... 2010.04.05
463Simple viewsociable, convivial,  'dyed in the wool', universal, overall,  total/downright, worldwide,  'far-flung', entire Y... 2010.04.05
462Simple viewwhole/patient,  mild/equab-, kind/generali-/interpola-,  sophisticate/pervert, counsel/instruct,  refine/temper Y... 2010.04.05
461Simple viewhype/razzmatazz, razzle-dazzle, spotlight, play-up, write-up,  champion/uphold, develop,  defend, 'plead for' Y... 2010.04.05
460Simple viewhelp,  advocate/recommend,  puzzle/poser, problem, inconsistency, 'closed book', conundrum, fabrication Y... 2010.04.05
459Simple viewforgery/phony, lie(s), fiction, myth,  fake/counterfeit,  takings, arrest/bust,  catching/espial, trappings/bard Y... 2010.04.05
458Simple viewimprisonment/detenti-, seizure,  dignity, 'self-importa-', decorum/etiquet-,  grandeur/prominen-, proprieties Y... 2010.04.05
457Simple viewsolemnities/gravity,  majesties, 'His Honour, etc.',  destitute, 'down and out',  poor, 'bad(ly) off', 'well-off' Y... 2010.04.05
456Simple viewneedy,  short/low, jovial,  lively, 'full of beans', congenial/ratty/peevish,  sour/tart,  surly/churlish, peppery Y... 2010.04.05
455Simple viewtesty/heady/snappish, unlimited/incomparable/peremptory/complain,  grumble/bellyache, carp/kvetch, groan Y... 2010.04.05
454Simple viewwail/soothe,  'relieve (yourself)', soften/mitigate/scold/blame,  correct/chasten, discipline/censure/advertise Y... 2010.04.05
453Simple viewfortis(?) consonants,                                    Short(?) Program,  Democrat/donkey,  Valentine's Day Y... 2010.02.24
452Simple view>>                                              θ/ð/v/f Y... 2014.03.09
451Simple viewDifference between English & GRECOnglish/GC,                                             pronouns,   'Excuse me.' Y... 2010.01.23
450Simple view'Λui*a/o/=', business/craft, work/occupation, call/job, line/field, condition/symptoms/disorder/appointments Y... 2010.01.06
449Simple view>> Corrections:                                               [Λuia] adjective,       [Λui=] /S/SS Y... 2010.09.18
448Simple viewhorseback-riding?    class, label, creature, gull,   figure/dupe, fitting/fit,    worthy/praiseworthy/worthwhile Y... 2010.01.06
447Simple viewcorrect,  toxic/unhealthful,  deadly/destructive, mortal/killing, choice/prime,  'cool, first-class', select/rare Y... 2010.01.06
446Simple viewbrilliant/marvello-, cracking/mega, coolish/aggregate/assemble/accumula-, test/challenge, look at, research Y... 2010.01.06
445Simple viewexaggerate/emphasise/enlarge/inflate/embroider, frighten/scare/stun/alarm, damp/humidness/opacity/dim Y... 2010.01.06
444Simple viewfaintness/funniness/sport/pleasure/cheerfulness/joy,   understanding/affectionateness/toleration/surd/hard Y... 2010.01.06
443Simple viewdire/awful/dreadful/notable, non-specialist, general/easy/simple/plain/significant/suppose/imagine, believe in Y... 2010.01.06
442Simple view'fancy up', feed, 'eat up', graze/pasture/browse,  'dine out', copulate/shag/bonk,  'have a ball', 'have a fuck' Y... 2010.01.06
441Simple view'have a hump', erase, 'cancel out', excise, 'wipe out', luxury/extra/art/pleasure/love/density/want/parsimony Y... 2010.01.06
440Simple viewdimension/solidity/impenetrability/terror/animosity/dread/horror/fright/awe/deadline,    value/unchangeability Y... 2010.01.06
439Simple viewconstancy,  merit/irreversibility,  quality/unalterability,  caliber/invariability, bad,  kind/humane, good, favour Y... 2010.01.06
438Simple viewcaring/sharp/risky/parlous/ominous/dicey/insecure/ugly/quiescent/yielding/soft/dutiful/willing, patient/serene Y... 2010.01.06
437Simple viewliberal/prodigal, lax/permissive/tender, constancy/stability, lenient/magnanimo-/free/evolve, generate/render Y... 2010.01.06
436Simple viewguarantee/guaranty, delegate/authorize, trust, transfer/transport, hand/give/pass/capture, charm/bewitch Y... 2010.01.06
435Simple viewattract/fascinate,  entrance/trance,  submit/yield/agree/bend/bow/ailment, malaise/instrument/tool/apropos Y... 2010.01.06
434Simple viewtimely/genuine/lethal/terminal/hostile/fine/willing/affable/commix/terrorize/water, kindliness, hand-out Y... 2010.01.06
433Simple viewEnglish/GRECOnglish accent,                   'Happy Holidays',  season, chemistry?         'primary consonants' Y... 2010.01.04
432Simple view'uia*Λ/o/='            mix/mixture;     blend;     compound/composite/composition;     amalgam/amalgamation Y... 2010.01.04
431Simple view>> Corrected:                                             [uia=] /T/MS, /P/mES Y... 2010.08.13
430Simple viewcoalescence; climax; venture; project; risk; scheme;  benefit/beneficiality;  good(ness);  use; gain; reward Y... 2009.12.25
429Simple viewboon; alert; serious; deep; intellectual; scholarly; fit;    appropriate/expropriate; irregular;    asymmetric(al) Y... 2009.12.01
428Simple viewfraternize; socialize; sacrifice; abandon; renounce; forfeit(ure); jilt; disentangle/untangle; generalize (-ise) Y... 2009.12.01
427Simple viewextrapolate; infer; conclude; 'reason out'; universalize; mind; sense; knowledge; wit; corruption/corruptne- Y... 2009.12.01
426Simple view>> Corrections:          mindfulness/mind, sensuousness/sense, wiseness/wisdom, judiciousness/judgement Y... 2009.12.21
425Simple viewgraft; danger(ousness); chance; prospect; optimality/optimization; gawky/gauche; heavy; earnest; true/H?  Y... 2009.12.01
424Simple viewphysical; manual; base; sanguine; expectant; budget; allowance; finance(s); shove; thrust; nudge; knock Y... 2009.12.01
423Simple viewpush; bump; cause; source; spring; agent; opposite; different; enough/enow; lavish; belligerent; conflicting Y... 2009.12.01
422Simple viewoptimize; behave;   act/react; conduct(ion); acquit ; comport; deliberate; consider; think; ponder; debate Y... 2009.12.01
421Simple viewfrighten; scare; petrify;    interweave; intermingle; commingle; alleviate;    trivialize; untangle; shadiness Y... 2009.12.01
420Simple viewrun;   disclose; divulge; evince; defraud; hoodwink;   impart; promulgate; deteriorate; fundi; wonk;   study Y... 2009.12.01
419Simple view"trick or treat"                                   "air force one" Y... 2009.11.06
418Simple view*  'iau*Λ/o/='      mean(s), aid, advantage, vacuum,    (expressive) style, competition, aggression, intrusion Y... 2009.11.04
417Simple view>> Corrected:              [iauΛ] /P/MS, /S/aES, /C1/SS, /P/mES,   [iauo] /C2/MS, /verb,   [iau=] /P/mES Y... 2010.10.05
416Simple view'ill will',    pugnacity/roundabout/wandering, straightforward/natural/frank/dirty/blue, lavish/full/grace/raise Y... 2009.11.04
415Simple viewadvance/boycott/snub, refrain from, stay away -, spurn, throw out, eject/support/bear, hold up, carry/prop Y... 2009.11.03
414Simple viewfame/honour/glory, trouble(someness), inconvenience/solemness/gravity, earnest(ness), soberness/feeling Y... 2009.11.03
413Simple viewsubmission,   philanthropic(al), gracious, almsgiving, positive, confident, hopeful, upbeat,   real(ly), absolute Y... 2009.11.03
412Simple viewperfect/right/complete/shoot/speed/race/rush/tear/dash/pose/present/create/rise,     lead (to),  result (in) Y... 2009.11.03
411Simple viewsave, rescue, recover, salvage,    bail (out), chafe, rub, scratch, rasp, scrape,    foolish(ness), judg(e)ment Y... 2009.11.03
410Simple viewgrotesquery/unpleasingness/verity,   'true fact?' reality, sensuous/sensual, provocative/delicious/delectable Y... 2009.11.03
409Simple viewsteady/beautiful/scenic, savo(u)ry, federate/merge,   unify/unite, consolidate/mingle/coalesce/save/reserve Y... 2009.11.03
408Simple viewstore/collect/vaporize/gasify/aerate,     sublimate/sublime, transpire/hesitate/waver/delay/pause/wait/falter Y... 2009.11.03
407Simple view'compound noun'                Go go go!   White House, northwest, used car,   African-American,   ball games Y... 2009.10.20
406Simple viewdefault [*]/[h]/[=]                   nightline, below, having,  'So many people, so many minds.'  'Mother’s Day' Y... 2009.10.16
405Simple viewMrs./Miss/Ms./lady,                   principle of (sur)names,                   Kor-/Eng- sentences              color Y... 2009.10.11
404Simple view'=ia*Λ/o/u'         agent/H? height/representative/minister/agent/deputy/summit/peak, fund(s), mutual/trust Y... 2009.10.04
403Simple view>> Corrections:                   [=iaΛ] /S/mES,   [=iau]/P/noun, /C1/mES,    [=iao]/S/aES,   /P/T/C1/mES,  Y... 2010.08.28
402Simple viewtherapeutic,  lavish/healing/restorative, good(s), corrective/temporary/acting/interim,  strain/stress/strenu- Y... 2009.10.04
401Simple view'stand-in',   'fill-in',   farming, country, rural, rustic, agrarian,   complain, moan, bitch, whine, growl, gripe Y... 2009.10.04
400Simple viewsophisticate/school/train/educate/consecrate,  bless/H? monitor,  'check (out)', program(me), info(rmation) Y... 2009.10.04
399Simple view>> Corrections:                                           "45. monitor"     &     "46.  check (out)" Y... 2009.11.27
398Simple viewproof, submission, reverence, observance, density, compact(ed)ness, impenetrability, thick, close, heavy Y... 2009.10.04
397Simple viewsolid, substantial, defenc(s)e, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear, shoulder, endure, keep Y... 2009.10.04
396Simple viewoscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-) Y... 2009.10.04
395Simple viewsour(ness), vice/viciousness, cruelty, savage(ry), feminine(ness), sex, female(n-), male(n-), masculine(n-) Y... 2009.10.04
394Simple viewterrific, bodacious(ly), boff(o), 'jim-dandy', hopeful, positive, confident, 'can-do', formal(ly), official, regular Y... 2009.10.04
393Simple viewparlous/perilous, '(de)fend (off)',  'cover up', protect/guard/secure/preserve/furnish,  'fit out', stock/supply Y... 2009.10.04
392Simple viewprovision/provide/serialize, 'set up', arrange/form/order/sort/sicken/disgust/revolt, repel/repulse, 'gross out' Y... 2009.10.04
391Simple view>> Corrections:                                              "set up"          (set) Y... 2010.01.18
390Simple view'Why not Gibson Charles?'          'Mr. Gibson' or 'Gibson mister'        'Your Honour'        'English middle name' Y... 2009.09.19
389Simple view'ia=*Λ/o/u'         supplement,      quest,     philanthropic(al), irritative, humanitarian, affronted, sacrifice Y... 2009.09.15
388Simple view>> Corrected Y... 2010.11.20
387Simple viewabandon(ment), focus, center, finish, do, use, '(be) used to', effect, merit, culture, public, spell/charm/lure Y... 2009.09.15
386Simple viewfair(ness), love(liness), neighbo(u)rly, siz(e)ably, wil(l)fully, corpor(e)al, cordial, futile, troubledly, disturbing Y... 2009.09.15
385Simple viewwildish, wild(ly),   loud(ly), cut, sever, divide,   rend, schism,   separate, cast, throw, project, launch, pitch Y... 2009.09.15
384Simple viewshed, consolidate, combine, unite, join,  marry, amalgamate, boundary, limits, obscurity, negligence/neglect Y... 2009.09.15
383Simple viewirresponsibleness, uncertainty, changeability, rough, crude/petro-, homespun, rough-hew(n), 'stylish person' Y... 2009.09.15
382Simple view'in/on demand'  show, express, display, reveal, register, rouse, cause, fire, prompt, ease, moderate, animate Y... 2009.09.15
381Simple viewgrafting;                  greeting;                 "good-bye"                   "forbidden fruit" Y... 2009.09.11
380Simple viewno/though/yes,         (nein/doch/ja)                    "You like it, do you? ΛV" Y... 2009.09.08
379Simple view>> "Don't you like it?"           "The life must go on."           sniper,          Phoenicia,         freemason Y... 2009.09.18
378Simple view'iaΛ*o/u/='   factor, fundament(al), problematic(al),  '(dangling) participle', loose(ly),  'blue chip', large-sized Y... 2009.09.04
377Simple viewpunctuality, promptness, read(il)y, regular(ity), stead(il)y, consistent(ly),  'Kindly yours',  '(double) genitive' Y... 2009.09.04
376Simple viewsimplicity/easiness/clarity, logic(ality), urgency/importan-, need(fulness), gravity, press(ure), hurry/querulo- Y... 2009.09.04
375Simple viewbad-tempered,     hot-tempered, irascible,    'provide (against/for)', 'fit (in)', 'spy (on)',  follow/i? monitor/H? Y... 2009.09.04
374Simple viewagree/-/i? thunder(bolt), cheat(er), sharper,  'confidence man', pledge/v? committal, promise/v? segmented Y... 2009.09.04
373Simple viewsegregative/augmentative/increasable/protractive/celebrative,  'deal in/with', 'trade in', 'build up', scare/-/i? Y... 2009.09.04
372Simple view'iao*Λ/u/='      position/H?   exposé,      (have) impact/contact/curb/date/elbow/interview/panic/park/verb? Y... 2009.08.26
371Simple view>> Corrected:                                       [iaou] /S/aES Y... 2010.07.09
370Simple viewcare(fulness),  worry/v?   'seeing eye', old/H? passé, circumspect(ive),    'Indian summer',  oldish, enervate Y... 2009.08.26
369Simple viewverity, truth,  'the true',  factuality, tru(thful)ly,     'Sincerely yours', media blitz, clear/whole/H? wholeness Y... 2009.08.26
368Simple viewunity/cohesion, barrenness, aridness/poorer/unproductivity, technological), propitiatory/atonable/reparative Y... 2009.08.26
367Simple viewoblatory, mockable, mock(up), ironic/sneerful/aggravative, exaggeratively, heightened, join/H? 'wrap (up)' Y... 2009.08.26
366Simple view* 'oia*Λ/u/='  'the more - of',      'holy grail', 'more important(ly)', '(the) more universal',      'bachelor party' Y... 2009.08.21
365Simple view>> Corrected :                                      [oiau]/P/MS/noun,  /mES/verb Y... 2010.09.13
364Simple view'Please be seated',  humidness, damp(ness), moistness, bounty,      plenty, profusion, limit(ation), ultimacy Y... 2009.08.21
363Simple viewbest/highest/finest/choicest, 'succumb to', 'catch in', 'contract of', impermanency/transiency/insecureness Y... 2009.08.21
362Simple view>> Corrected:                               "23.  catch (in)" Y... 2010.09.13
361Simple viewcapableness/means/competency/potency/captainship, complete/H? done, sacred/H? blessed, recap(itulate) Y... 2009.08.21
360Simple view'uai*Λ/o/='       periodic(al),  cyclic(al),  great(ly),    fade (away),  melt (away),    principle(s),  scruple(s) Y... 2009.08.15
359Simple view>> Corrected :                  [uaio]   from /C1/mES,  “recreate”/+-,    (14.     deleted) Y... 2010.04.11
358Simple viewgloom(ine-), disabled/handicapped, deceptively, copy(write), xerox, safety/safene-, (im)pass(e), im/explicit Y... 2009.08.15
357Simple viewsanctimonious(ly), religiose, disorder(ed)ly, straightforward(ly),   over/underestimate,  miss (out),  way(s) Y... 2009.08.15
356Simple view'aiu*Λ/o/='       hope(fulness),     long(ing),     answerableness,   opportuneness,   benevolent,   over/end Y... 2009.08.11
355Simple view>> Corrected:                                        [aiu=] /P/pES,  /T/pES Y... 2010.10.13
354Simple viewconventional,   davenport,  secretaire,       'government(s); collective n.?'       authorities,   viable/possible Y... 2009.08.10
353Simple viewstereotypic(al), baseball, empty/H? beating,  danger(ousness), clear/H? fine/H?   'intens(iv)e, intent',   past Y... 2009.08.10
352Simple viewwhat/which//that/this/whatever/whose/who/however, although, but, except(ing), and, It is me, both/with Y... 2009.08.07
351Simple view'=ai*Λ/o/u'     porn(o), revelant, continue,  keep(ing-up), maintain,  carry(ing-on), lasting(ness), curiosity Y... 2009.07.31
350Simple viewalienism, exot(ci)sm, revenge, extant, actual(ly), ugly, surly,  current/heart/Hist?  headquarter(s), bake(ry) Y... 2009.07.31
349Simple viewwork(place), observation/concurrency/conformity, fanatic(al), deadly/noticeableness/appearan-/visiblene- Y... 2009.07.31
348Simple viewdouble(ness), fellow,  submission(s),  concentrative(ly),  husband/H?  advance(ment),  purport,  claim/H? Y... 2009.07.31
347Simple viewModifications & Corrections:            'ai=*Λ/o/u' ,      difficultness  >>  difficulty          [ai=u] Y... 2009.09.16
346Simple viewboundary, confine(s), verge(s),   corporate culture, custom(s),    lifestyle,  art(s)y–craft(s)y,    one,    half Y... 2009.07.26
345Simple view(one and) only,   only,   not,  'not only ~ but'   'not-balance',  individual(s),  impeach/formidability/difficulty Y... 2009.07.26
344Simple view>> Corrections:                                 28. difficultness/difficulty Y... 2009.09.16
343Simple viewoffense, Abo,  identify with, politic(al)ly,    n/m dash,   scoot, seeing as (how), 'waste/fade/wither (away)' Y... 2009.07.26
342Simple viewFrench Kiss,   French fry,   French Connection,   French leave,   French maid,   French-German enmity,  - Y... 2009.07.21
341Simple view'Λai*o/u/='     corpor(e)ality, Tombstone,    'more higher',   'might could',   'three mile',  'VAT tax', four-foot Y... 2009.07.17
340Simple view>> Corrected:                                                 [Λai=]/T/MS Y... 2010.09.22
339Simple view'rarely ever',  'couldn't hardly', hard(ly), anticipate/empathy, IOU, insure/complacency, absolute(ness), mum Y... 2009.07.17
338Simple viewunchangeablene-/invariablene-/inalterability/feasibili-/survivab-, grow/vt?  workablene-/corrupti-/viciousne- Y... 2009.07.17
337Simple viewperversion, conscious(ness), consc(ient)ious,    'aware of'   'responsive to'   'cognizant of'   'percipient of' Y... 2009.07.17
336Simple viewtry-to,  solid(ity), substantialness/tangibility/physicality/legitimation, credibleness, greenish, denote, Andy Y... 2009.07.17
335Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='   impulsivity, impetuosity, anxious/eager?, chat(ter), chiefly/centrally, uppermost/foremost/adv? Y... 2009.07.10
334Simple viewstrangle/worrying(ly),  (ad)judge, recap(itulate), (a)bate,  council/counselor,  gown/univ, (ad)dress,  habit Y... 2009.07.10
333Simple viewstreng(k)th, on purpose, aggravate/tease, broad(ly), wide(ly), quiet(ness/ly), on the quiet, alone, sat/-ing? Y... 2009.07.10
332Simple viewforward(s/ly), further(most), favor/v.i?, foster(ing/ed), caution(ary), heed(fulness), (ad)venture, bold(ness) Y... 2009.07.10
331Simple viewpowerful(ly), power(ful), aloud, roaring(ly),     French kiss,    jazz,   'compare with/to', contrast/n?, born(e) Y... 2009.07.10
330Simple view'aio*Λ/u/='   Your-Honour,       Stonehenge,      eas(il)y/2,   safety,  obsession,    Big Apple (NY),  moniker Y... 2009.07.03
329Simple viewitem/also,  fundament(al),         neighbor,        decisive, hard-hitting,    upright(ly), sheer(ly),         need Y... 2009.07.03
328Simple view'oai*Λ/u/='    excess, inordinacy, immoderacy, extravagancy, whitish, light(ly), soft(ly), almight(il)y, (re)lax Y... 2009.06.26
327Simple view>> Corrections:                               [oaiu]            swanky Y... 2010.03.22
326Simple viewdoll, immigrate, remove/v.i.?  'permit of', sanction, sit/set, lemon,    'spelling bee',    'rote learning', 'look to' Y... 2009.06.26
325Simple viewboast/form, bragging(ly), in vain,  lordly/adv?  egotistic(al), a thought, sequent(ial), economic(al), punitory Y... 2009.06.26
324Simple view>> Corrections:                                        26. lordly Y... 2010.03.22
323Simple viewretaliative, bright(ly), historic(al), oblig(at)e, (t)here, this/that,   voiced/voiceless,   like-to, like, 'like(d) to' Y... 2009.06.26
322Simple view'iΛo*a/u/='    gender role, battle with,  media/data/agenda/dirtily/pathetic(al), fair(ly), comply with, evade Y... 2009.06.20
321Simple viewboxwood/parts/quantity, a quantity of, an amount of, a lot, partially/various/more-important(ly), disorderly Y... 2009.06.20
320Simple viewhigh(ly), bull/bear, corporal/comic(al), panicky/hysteric/fleshy/awful(ly), hysteric, /slash, dare, honey/baby Y... 2009.06.19
319Simple view'oiΛ*a/u/='     obsolescent,  big(ly),   'do ~ have or have ~ got?'  'know about'  defense,   '(not) care less' Y... 2009.06.15
318Simple view'best foot' ugly/clever, plain(ly), banal, dullish, 'girl or woman?'  '-person', man/male,  '-ess' mistress/madam Y... 2009.06.15
317Simple view'iΛa*o/u/='    acknowledgements/sensitive/reasonability/formidable,   once/everyday,   commonly/ordinarily Y... 2009.06.08
316Simple viewroutinely, 'in back of'  back/up, back/v?  capacity,  "first lady"  noblewoman, retaliative, snug(ly), warmish Y... 2009.06.08
315Simple viewelements, near(ly), close(ly), godly,  'free gift?'  free(ly), gam,   'double passive'  abhominable,  likely/liable Y... 2009.06.08
314Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='    imperative/alleviate, wrought/wreak, nuts,  vs/v,  proceeding(s), formality/solemnities, taunt Y... 2009.06.02
313Simple view>> Corrected:                       [aiΛu] /P/pES/adjectives/adverbs,     [aiΛ=/P,  /MS/noun] 11. solemnities Y... 2010.04.25
312Simple viewcalumny/self-complacently, roughish, effect/affect, marque, P.S. give up, quantity of, roaringly/selectable Y... 2009.06.02
311Simple view'iΛ=*a/o/u'  full(y)/party/complicated/certain  'We sure are'  invaluable/priceless/irrevocability/irreversibility Y... 2009.05.26
310Simple view>> Corrected:                                         complicated/complex Y... 2009.08.28
309Simple viewphilosophic/stoic/cool/factualness/blind/luxuriant/intrinsic/organic/ambiguous,    cell phone,   (to) no end, - Y... 2009.05.26
308Simple view'=iΛ*a/o/u'   beg the question,  plead guilty,   teaser, huff and puff, look at, low(ly),  TV,  agree to,  toast Y... 2009.05.22
307Simple view>> Corrected:                                              [=iΛo]/S/aES Y... 2010.11.13