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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | brd2 | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, main :::


596 12 View counter   Join Member Login Admin
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   'uΛa, auΛ, uΛ=, =uΛ'         infer/imply,    'walk/go/hike/etc.' as v.tr.?    Coke,      English prepositions/1
coat-of-arms, taken-for-granted, debt-free, in-credit, let-droop, dispose-of, put-up-for-sale, too-much, send-away, put-to-flight, drive-away, work-for, be-in-the-service-of, rebel-against,                      <<uΛa, auΛ, uΛ=, =uΛ>>              Why is "infer" sometimes confused with "imply"?                Are "walk/stroll/wander/advance/hike/go" possible as transitive verbs??             Coke/Coca-Cola,               How have English prepositions come into being?


"coat-of-arms":         See below       "column 1.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<uΛa>>,   A"
"taken-for-granted":         See below       "column 1.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<uΛa>>,   B"
"debt-free";        "in-credit":         See below       "column 2.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<auΛ>>,   B"
"let-droop";         "dispose-of";        "put-up-for-sale":         See below       "column 2.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<auΛ>>,   D"
"too-much":         See below       "column 3.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<uΛ=>>,   B"
"send-away";       "put-to-flight";      "work-for";        "be-in-the-service-of";        "drive-away";       "rebel-against":         See below       "column 3.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<uΛ=>>,   D"


1.   (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<uΛa>>

A)   [uΛa/P,  noun/MS] is pronounced as  “safety"/+-,  "safeguards"/+bp,  "assurance"/+cp”;        and, [uΛa/P/MS/Ch] is pronounced as “immunity"/+-,  "security"/+bp,  "precautions"/+cp”  in the chest (circle) /Ch.


**     The above shows:          "safeguards" and "precautions" are original English spelling,     which are metaphthong/MPh pronounced as "safeguard" and "precaution" respectively   (without "-s")    with/from GRECOnglish /S speaking posture.


If articulating [uΛa]   from /T/MS,         “emblem"/+-,  “seal"/+bp,  “mark”/+cp,    and  “shield”/Ch/+-,  “coat-of-arms”/Ch/+bp,  “badge”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "coat-of-arms"


If articulating [uΛa]   from /C2/MS,         “ability”/+-,  “expertise”/+bp,  “talent”/+cp,  and   “faculty”/Ch/+-,  “competence”/Ch/+bp,  "aptitude”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛa]   from /S/SS,          “assistance”/+-,  “backing”/+bp,  “benefit”/+cp,      and   “help"/Ch/+-,  “boost”/Ch/+bp,  “encouragement"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


B)   If articulating [uΛa]   from /P/pES/adjectives,         “angry"/+-,  “furious”/+bp,  “mad”/+cp,    and  “cross”/+-/Ch,  "passionate"/Ch/+bp,  "raging"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [uΛa]   from /T/pES,         “tacit"/+-,  “silent”/+bp,  “taken-for-granted”/+cp,    and  “wordless”/+-/Ch,  "implicit"/Ch/+bp,  “inferred"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "taken-for-granted"


If articulating [uΛa]   from /C1/SS(SPHENOIDAL sinuses),         “agonized”/+-,  “tortured"/+bp,  "wounded"/+cp,  and   “racked"/+-/Ch,  “anguished”/Ch/+bp,  “wretched"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛa]   from /S/mES,          “wide”/+-,  “broad"/+bp,  “large"/+cp,      and   “expanded”/Ch/+-,  “comprehensive”/Ch/+bp,  “catholic"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


C)   If articulating [uΛa]   from /P/SS/adverbs,        "angrily”/+-,  “furiously”/+bp,  “madly”/+cp,    and  “crossly”/+-/Ch,  “passionately”/Ch/+bp,  “wildly”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [uΛa]   from /T/SS,         “tacitly"/+-,  "silently”/+bp,  “intrinsically”/+cp,    and  "wordlessly”/+-/Ch,  “implicitly"/Ch/+bp,  “latently"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛa]   from /C2/pES,          "agonizingly”/+-,  “torturingly"/+bp,  “woundedly”/+cp,  and   “excruciatingly”/+-/Ch,  “sorrowfully”/Ch/+bp,    “wretchedly”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛa]   from /S/MS (MAXILLARY sinuses),           “widely”/+-,  "broadly"/+bp,  “largely"/+cp,          and   “expansively”/+-/Ch,  “comprehensively”/Ch/+bp,  “catholically”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


D)   If articulating [uΛa]   from /P/mES/verb,       “aggrandize"/+-,  "pad"/+bp,  “embellish”/+cp,    and  “lard"/Ch/+-,  “dramatize”/Ch/+bp,  “embroider"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [uΛa]   from /T/mES,        “wink"/+-,  “nictate"/+bp,  “bat”/+cp,    and  “flutter”/Ch/+-,  "nictitate”/Ch/+bp,  "blink”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛa]   from /C1/mES,       “walk”/+-,  “stroll”/+bp,  “wander"/+cp,         and   “go”/Ch/+-,  “advance”/Ch/+bp,  “hike”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛa]   from /S/aES (ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses),        “signify”/+-,  “show”/+bp,  “mean"/+cp,    and  “represent”/Ch/+-,  “announce”/Ch/+bp,  “evidence”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


*  aggrandize [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  g=h  r=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  z=h];         pad [p(=æ)h  h=h  d=h];         embellish [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap  b=h  l=h  hΛh  s=h];               lard [l(=a)h  h=h  d=h];          dramatize [d(=u)h  h=h  r=h  m=h  hΛh  t=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  z=h];         embroider [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap  b=h  r=h  hΛh  d=h];

*  wink [wih  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  k=h];        nictate [n(i=)h  h=h  t=h  t=h  hΛh];         bat [b(=æ)h  h=h  t=h];                    flutter [f(=u)h  h=h  l=h  t=h  hΛh];          nictitate [nih  h=h  t=h  t=h  hΛh  t=h];           blink [b(=u)h  h=h  l=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  k=h];


*  walk [w(=Λ)h  h=h  k=h];         stroll [s(=u)h  h=h  t=h  r=h  hΛh  (h=l)/+Ap];         wander [wah  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h  ŋ=h  hΛh];                  go [g(=o)h  h=h];           advance [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  d=h  v=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];        hike [h(=a)h  hih  k=h];

*  signify [s(i=)h  h=h  g=h  n=h  hΛh  f=h];         show [s(=o)h  h=h];         mean [mih  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap];                  represent [r(=æ)h  h=h  p=h  r=h  hΛh  z=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  t=h];         announce [ŋæh  h=h  n=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];         evidence [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  v=h  d=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];


E)   If articulating [uΛa]   from Korean/P/mES/verb,            “걷다[gΛs  da]*[gΛh  h=h  h=s  d=h  hah]*[gΛh  h=h  d=h]/walk”/+-,   “산책(散策)하다[san  cæg  ha  da]*[qah  h=h  h=n  c=h  hæh  h=g  hah  d=h  hah]*[sah  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  c=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/stroll"/+bp,  "배회(徘徊)하다[bæ  h(oi)  ha  da]*[bæh  h=h  h(oi)h  hah  d=h  hah]*[bæh  h=h  ŋ=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/wander"/+cp,   "가다[ga  da]*[gah  h=h  d=h  hah]*[gah  h=h  d=h]/go"/+-/Ch,   “전진(前進)하다[zΛn  zin  ha  da]*[xΛh  h=h  h=n  z=h  hih  h=n  hah  d=h  hah]*[zΛh  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  z=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/advance"/+bp/Ch,   "도보여행(徒步旅行)하다[do  bo  yΛ  hæŋ  ha  da]*[doh  h=h  b=h  hoh  y=h  hΛh  hæh  h=ŋ  hah  d=h  hah]*[doh  h=h  b=h  y=h  hΛh  d=h]/hike"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


If articulating [uΛa]   from Korean/S/mES,           “알리다[ŋal  li  da]*[ŋah  h=h  h=l  l=h  hih  d=h  hah]*[ŋah  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  l=h  d=h  hΛh]/signify"/+-,    "보이다[bo  ŋi  da]*[boh  h=h  ŋ=h  hih  d=h  hah]*[boh  h=h  ŋ=h  d=h  hΛh]/show"/+bp,   “의미(意味)하다[ŋ(=i)  mi  ha  da]*[ŋ(=i)h  h=h  m=h  hih  hah  d=h  hah]*[ŋ(=i)h  h=h  m=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/mean"/+cp,   "나타내다[na  ta  næ  da]*[nah  h=h  t=h  hah  n=h  hæh  d=h  hah]*[nah  h=h  t=h  n=h  hΛh  d=h]/represent"/+-/Ch,   "공고(公告)하다[goŋ  go  ha  da]*[goh  h=h  h=ŋ  g=h  hoh  hah  d=h  hah]*[goh  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  g=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/announce"/+bp/Ch,   “증언(證言)하다[z=ŋ  ŋΛn  ha  da]*[x=h  h=h  h=ŋ  ŋ=h  hΛh  h=n  hah  d=h  hah]*[z=h  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  ŋ=h ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/evidence"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


2.   (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<auΛ>>

A)   [auΛ/P,  noun/MS] is pronounced as  “punch"/+-,  "forcefulness"/+bp,  "point"/+cp”;        and, [auΛ/P/MS/Ch] is pronounced as “bite"/+-,  "force"/+bp,  "drive"/+cp”  in the chest (circle) /Ch.

If articulating [auΛ]   from /T/MS,         “application"/+-,  “value"/+bp,  “exercise”/+cp,    and  “bearing”/Ch/+-,  “function”/Ch/+bp,  “purpose”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [auΛ]   from /C2/MS,         “touch”/+-,  “skill”/+bp,  “mastery”/+cp,  and   “art”/Ch/+-,  “command”/Ch/+bp,  "knack”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [auΛ]   from /S/SS,          “sentimentality”/+-,  “gush”/+bp,  “nostalgia”/+cp,      and   “pathos"/Ch/+-,  “bathos”/Ch/+bp,  “schmaltz"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


B)   If articulating [auΛ]   from /P/pES/adjectives,         “supple"/+-,  “plastic”/+bp,  “bending”/+cp,    and  “pliant”/+-/Ch,  "flexible"/Ch/+bp,  "pliable"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [auΛ]   from /T/pES,         “current"/+-,  “general”/+bp,  “common”/+cp,    and  “popular”/+-/Ch,  "customary"/Ch/+bp,  “prevalent"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [auΛ]   from /C1/SS(SPHENOIDAL sinuses),         “urgent”/+-,  “acute"/+bp,  "instant"/+cp,  and   “immediate"/+-/Ch,  “grave”/Ch/+bp,  “compelling"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [auΛ]   from /S/mES,          “solvent”/+-,  “sound"/+bp,  “secure"/+cp,      and   “solid”/Ch/+-,  “debt-free”/Ch/+bp,  “in-credit"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "debt-free";          "in-credit"


C)   If articulating [auΛ]   from /P/SS/adverbs,        "supplely”/+-,  “plastically”/+bp,  “lithely”/+cp,    and  “pliantly”/+-/Ch,  “flexibly”/Ch/+bp,  “pliably”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [auΛ]   from /T/SS,         “currently"/+-,  "generally”/+bp,  “commonly”/+cp,    and  "popularly”/+-/Ch,  “customarily"/Ch/+bp,  “prevalently"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [auΛ]   from /C2/pES,          "urgently”/+-,  “acutely"/+bp,  “instantly”/+cp,  and   “immediately”/+-/Ch,  “gravely”/Ch/+bp,    “compellingly”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [auΛ]   from /S/MS (MAXILLARY sinuses),           “solvently”/+-,  "soundly"/+bp,  “securely"/+cp,          and   “solidly”/+-/Ch,  “definitely”/Ch/+bp,  “reliably”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


D)   If articulating [auΛ]   from /P/mES/verb,       “pend"/+-,  "hang"/+bp,  “dangle”/+cp,    and  “lower"/Ch/+-,  “suspend”/Ch/+bp,  “let-droop"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "let-droop"


If articulating [auΛ]   from /T/mES,        “urge"/+-,  “prompt"/+bp,  “beg”/+cp,    and  “goad”/Ch/+-,  "plead”/Ch/+bp,  "implore”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [auΛ]   from /C1/mES,       “thaw”/+-,  “soften”/+bp,  “melt"/+cp,         and   “warm”/Ch/+-,  “liquefy”/Ch/+bp,  “defrost”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [auΛ]   from /S/aES (ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses),        “sell”/+-,  “exchange”/+bp,  “dispose-of"/+cp,    and  “barter”/Ch/+-,  “put-up-for-sale”/Ch/+bp,  “trade”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "dispose-of";         "put-up-for-sale"


*  pend [p(=æ)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h];         hang [h(=æ)h  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap];         dangle [d(=æ)h  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  g=h  (h=l)/+Ap];               lower [l(=Λ)h  h=h  w=h  ŋ=h  hΛh];          suspend [s(=Λ)h  h=h  s=h  p=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h];         let-droop [l(=æ)h  h=h  d=h  r=h  hΛh];

*  urge [ŋ(=Λ)h  h=h  z=h];        prompt [p(=u)h  h=h  r=h  (h=m)/+Ap  p=h  hΛh  t=h];         beg [b(=e)h  h=h  g=h];                    goad [g(u=Λ)h  h=h  d=h];          plead [p(=u)h  h=h  l=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h];           implore [ŋ(i=)h  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap  p=h  l=h  hΛh];

*  thaw [s(=uΛ)h  h=h];         soften [s(=o)h  h=h  f=h  t=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap];         melt [m(=æ)h  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  t=h];                  warm [w(=Λ)h  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap];           liquefy [l(i=)h  h=h  k=h  f=h  hΛh];        defrost [d(=u)  h=h  f=h  r=h  hΛh  s=h  t=h  hΛh];

*  sell [s(=e)h  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap];         exchange [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  s=h  c=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  z=h];         dispose-of [d(i=)h  h=h  s=h  p=h  hΛh  z=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  b=h];                  barter [b(=a)h  h=h  t=h  ŋ=h  hΛh];         put-up-for-sale [p(=u)h  h=h  t=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  f=h  s=h  hΛh  l=h];         trade [t(=u)h  h=h  r=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h];


E)   If articulating [auΛ]   from Korean/P/mES/verb,            “녹이다[nog  ŋi  da]*[noh  h=h  h=g  ŋ=h  hih  d=h  hah]*[noh  h=h  ŋ=h  d=h  hΛh]/thaw”/+-,   “온화하게-하다[ŋon  h(oa)  ha  ge  ha  da]*[ŋoh  h=h  h=n  h(oa)h  hah  g=h  heh  hah  d=h  hah]*[ŋoh  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  g=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/soften"/+bp,  "용해(溶解)하다[yoŋ  hæ  ha  da]*[yoh  h=h  h=ŋ  hæh  hah  d=h  hah]*[yoh  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  ŋ=h  d=h  hΛh]/melt"/+cp,   "데우다[de  w=  da]*[deh  h=h  w=h  d=h  hah]*[deh  h=h  w=h  d=h  hΛh]/warm"/+-/Ch,   “액화(液化)시키다[ŋæg  h(oa)  si  ki  da]*[ŋæh  h=h  h=g  h(oa)h  q=h  hih  k=h  hih  d=h  hah]*[ŋæh  h=h  s=h  k=h  hΛh  d=h]/liquefy"/+bp/Ch,   "성에를-제거(除去)하다[sΛŋ  ŋe  r=l  ze  gΛ  ha  da]*[qΛh  h=h  h=ŋ  ŋ=h  heh  r=h  h=l  x=h  heh  g=h  hΛh  hah  d=h  hah]*[sΛh  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  ŋ=h  r=h  hΛh  z=h  g=h  hΛh  d=h]/defrost"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


If articulating [auΛ]   from Korean/S/mES,           “팔다[pal  da]*[pah  h=h  h=l  d=h  hah]*[pah  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  d=h]/sell"/+-,    "교환(交換)하다[g(io)  h(oa)n  ha  da]*[g(io)h  h=h  h(oa)h  h=n  hah  d=h  hah]*[g(io)h  h=h  ŋ=h  d=h  hΛh]/exchange"/+bp,   “처분(處分)하다[cΛ  bun  ha  da]*[cΛh  h=h  b=h  huh  h=n  hah  d=h  hah]*[cΛh  h=h  b=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/dispose-of"/+cp,   "물물교환(物物交換)을-하다[mul  mul  g(io)  h(oa)n  ŋ=l  ha  da]*[muh  h=h  h=l  m=h  huh  h=l  g=h  h(io)h  h(oa)h  h=n  ŋ=h  h=l  hah  d=h  hah]*[muh  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  m=h  g=h  hΛh  ŋ=h  d=h  hΛh]/barter"/+-/Ch,   "팔려고-내놓다[pal  l(iΛ)  go  næ  no  ta]*[pah  h=h  h=l  l=h  h(iΛ)h  g=h  hoh  n=h  hæh  n=h  hoh  t=h  hah]*[pah  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  l=h  g=h  hΛh  n=h  n=h  hΛh  t=h]/put-up-for-sale"/+bp/Ch,   “매매(賣買)하다[mæ  mæ  ha  da]*[mæh  h=h  m=h  hæh  hah  d=h  hah]*[mæh  h=h  m=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/trade"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


3.   (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<uΛ=>>

A)   [uΛ=/P,  noun/MS] is pronounced as  “chain"/+-,  "coupling"/+bp,  "bond"/+cp”;        and, [uΛ=/P/MS/Ch] is pronounced as “link"/+-,  "shackle"/+bp,  "tether"/+cp”  in the chest (circle) /Ch.

If articulating [uΛ=]   from /T/MS,         “calculation"/+-,  “computation"/+bp,  “estimate”/+cp,    and  “judgment”/Ch/+-,  “figuring”/Ch/+bp,  “estimation”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛ=]   from /C2/MS,         “benefit”/+-,  “help”/+bp,  “gain”/+cp,  and   “use”/Ch/+-,  “good”/Ch/+bp,  "boon”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛ=]   from /S/SS,          “fake”/+-,  “dummy”/+bp,  “copy”/+cp,      and   “fraud"/Ch/+-,  “copy”/Ch/+bp,  “hoax"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


B)   If articulating [uΛ=]   from /P/pES/adjectives,         “harmful"/+-,  “evil”/+bp,  “hazardous”/+cp,    and  “noxious”/+-/Ch,  "negative"/Ch/+bp,  "dangerous"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [uΛ=]   from /T/pES,         “unbearable"/+-,  “too-much”/+bp,  “insufferable”/+cp,    and  “insupportable”/+-/Ch,  "oppressive"/Ch/+bp,  “unacceptable"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "too-much"


If articulating [uΛ=]   from /C1/SS(SPHENOIDAL sinuses),         “vibrant”/+-,  “dynamic"/+bp,  "storming"/+cp,  and   “energetic"/+-/Ch,  “vivid”/Ch/+bp,  “alive"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛ=]   from /S/mES,          “patient”/+-,  “calm"/+bp,  “composed"/+cp,      and   “resigned”/Ch/+-,  “quiet”/Ch/+bp,  “serene"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


C)   If articulating [uΛ=]   from /P/SS/adverbs,        "harmfully”/+-,  “evilly”/+bp,  “hazardously”/+cp,    and  “noxiously”/+-/Ch,  “negatively”/Ch/+bp,  “dangerously”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [uΛ=]   from /T/SS,         “unbearably"/+-,  "unendurably”/+bp,  “insufferably”/+cp,    and  "insupportably”/+-/Ch,  “oppressively"/Ch/+bp,  “unacceptably"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛ=]   from /C2/pES,          "vibrantly”/+-,  “dynamically"/+bp,  “impressively”/+cp,  and   “energetically”/+-/Ch,  “vividly”/Ch/+bp,    “actively”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛ=]   from /S/MS (MAXILLARY sinuses),           “patiently”/+-,  "calmly"/+bp,  “composedly"/+cp,          and   “resignedly”/+-/Ch,  “quietly”/Ch/+bp,  “serenely”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


D)   If articulating [uΛ=]   from /P/mES/verb,       “chase"/+-,  "expel"/+bp,  “hound”/+cp,    and  “send-away"/Ch/+-,  “put-to-flight”/Ch/+bp,  “drive-away"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**      "send-away";          "put-to-flight";         "drive-away"


If articulating [uΛ=]   from /T/mES,        “serve"/+-,  “help"/+bp,  “work-for”/+cp,    and  “be-in-the-service-of”/Ch/+-,  "assist”/Ch/+bp,  "aid”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "work-for";         "be-in-the-service-of"


If articulating [uΛ=]   from /C1/mES,       “cure”/+-,  “heal”/+bp,  “ease"/+cp,         and   “correct”/Ch/+-,  “remedy”/Ch/+bp,  “mend”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛ=]   from /S/aES (ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses),        “violate”/+-,  “defy”/+bp,  “ignore"/+cp,    and  “break”/Ch/+-,  “infringe”/Ch/+bp,  “rebel-against”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


*  chase [c(=æ)h  hih  s=h];         expel [ŋ(=e)h  h=h  s=h  p=h  hΛh  (h=l)/+Ap];         hound [h(=a)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h];               send-away [s(=e)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h  ŋ=h  hΛh];          put-to-flight [p(=u)h  h=h  t=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  f=h  l=h  hΛh  t=h];         drive-away [d(=u)h  h=h  r=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  b=h  w=h  hΛh];

*  serve [s(=Λ)h  h=h  v=h];        help [h(=e)h  h=h  p=h];         work-for [w(=Λ)h  h=h  k=h  f=h  hΛh];                    be-in-the-service-of [b(i=)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h  s=h  hΛh  b=h  s=h  hΛh  b=h];          assist [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  s=h  s=h  hΛh  t=h];           aid [ŋ(=e)h  hih  d=h];

*  cure [k(iu)h  hΛh];         heal [h(i=)h  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap];         ease [ŋ(i=)h  h=h  z=h];                  correct [k(=a)h  h=h  r=h  t=h  hΛh];           remedy [r(=æ)h  h=h  m=h  d=h  hΛh];        mend [m(=æ)  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h];

*  violate [v(=a)h  hih  ŋ=h  l=h  hΛh  t=h];         defy [d(=æ)h  h=h  f=h];         ignore [ŋ(i=)h  h=h  g=h  n=h  hΛh];                  break [b(=u)h  h=h  r=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  k=h];         infringe [ŋ(i=)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  f=h  r=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  z=h];         rebel-against [r(=æ)h  h=h  b=h  (h=l)/+Ap  ŋ=h  hΛh  g=h  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h  hΛh  t=h];


E)   If articulating [uΛ=]   from Korean/P/mES/verb,            “고치다[go  ci  da]*[goh  h=h  c=h  hih  d=h  hah]*[goh  h=h  c=h  d=h  hΛh]/cure”/+-,   “해결(解決)하다[hæ  g(iΛ)l  ha  da]*[hæh  h=h  g=h  h(iΛ)h  h=l  hah  d=h  hah]*[hæh  h=h  g=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/heal"/+bp,  "쉬게-하다[s(ui)  ge  ha  da]*[q(ui)h  h=h  g=h  heh  hah  d=h  hah]*[s(ui)h  h=h  g=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/ease"/+cp,   "벌(罰)주다[bΛl  zu  da]*[bΛh  h=h  h=l  x=h  huh  d=h  hah]*[bΛh  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  z=h  d=h  hΛh]/correct"/+-/Ch,   “교정(校正)하다[g(io)  zΛŋ  ha  da]*[g(io)h  h=h  x=h  hΛh  h=ŋ  hah  d=h  hah]*[g(io)h  h=h  z=h  hΛh  d=h]/remedy"/+bp/Ch,   "수리(修理)하다[su  ri  ha  da]*[quh  h=h  r=h  hih  hah  d=h  hah]*[suh  h=h  r=h  hΛh  d=h]/mend"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


If articulating [uΛ=]   from Korean/S/mES,           “어기다[ŋΛ  gi  da]*[ŋΛh  h=h  g=h  hih  d=h  hah]*[ŋΛh  h=h  g=h  d=h  hΛh]/violate"/+-,    "무시(無視)하다[mu  si  ha  da]*[muh  h=h  q=h  hih  hah  d=h  hah]*[muh  h=h  s=h  hΛh  d=h]/defy"/+bp,   “묵살하다[mug  sal  ha  da]*[muh  h=h  h=g  q=h  hah  h=l  hah  d=h  hah]*[muh  h=h  s=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/ignore"/+cp,   "부수다[bu  su  da]*[buh  h=h  q=h  huh  d=h  hah]*[buh  h=h  s=h  d=h  hΛh]/break"/+-/Ch,   "침해(侵害)하다[cim  hæ  ha  da]*[cih  h=h  h=m  hæh  hah  d=h  hah]*[cih  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap  ŋ=h  d=h  hΛh]/infringe"/+bp/Ch,   “반발(反撥)하다[ban  bal  ha  da]*[bah  h=h  h=n  b=h  hah  h=l  hah  d=h  hah]*[bah  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  b=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/rebel-against"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


4.   (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<=uΛ>>

A)   [=uΛ/P,  noun/MS] is pronounced as  “happiness"/+-,  "joy"/+bp,  "cheer"/+cp”;        and, [=uΛ/P/MS/Ch] is pronounced as “delight"/+-,  "ecstasy"/+bp,  "enjoyment"/+cp”  in the chest (circle) /Ch.

If articulating [=uΛ]   from /T/MS,      “surface"/+-,  “side"/+bp,  “face”/+cp,    and  “exterior”/Ch/+-,  “covering”/Ch/+bp,  “top”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [=uΛ]   from /C2/MS,         “health”/+-,  “form”/+bp,  “condition”/+cp,  and   “tone”/Ch/+-,  “shape”/Ch/+bp,  "constitution”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [=uΛ]   from /S/SS,          “mind”/+-,  “head”/+bp,  “psyche”/+cp,      and   “brain"/Ch/+-,  “imagination”/Ch/+bp,  “subconscious"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


B)   If articulating [=uΛ]   from /P/pES/adjectives,         “thinkable"/+-,  “possible”/+bp,  “achievable”/+cp,    and  “feasible”/+-/Ch,  "workable"/Ch/+bp,  "viable"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [=uΛ]   from /T/pES,         “affordable"/+-,  “fair”/+bp,  “modest”/+cp,    and  “cheap”/+-/Ch,  "moderate"/Ch/+bp,  “economical"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [=uΛ]   from /C1/SS(SPHENOIDAL sinuses),         “tolerable”/+-,  “bearable"/+bp,  "endurable"/+cp,  and   “acceptable"/+-/Ch,  “allowable”/Ch/+bp,  “sufferable"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [=uΛ]   from /S/mES,          “tight”/+-,  “watertight"/+bp,  “sealed"/+cp,      and   “impervious”/Ch/+-,  “hermetic”/Ch/+bp,  “sound"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


C)   If articulating [=uΛ]   from /P/SS/adverbs,        "thinkably”/+-,  “possibly”/+bp,  “achievably”/+cp,    and  “feasibly”/+-/Ch,  “workably”/Ch/+bp,  “viably”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [=uΛ]   from /T/SS,         “affordably"/+-,  "fairly”/+bp,  “modestly”/+cp,    and  "cheaply”/+-/Ch,  “moderately"/Ch/+bp,  “economically"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [=uΛ]   from /C2/pES,          "tolerably”/+-,  “bearably"/+bp,  “endurably”/+cp,  and   “acceptably”/+-/Ch,  “allowably”/Ch/+bp,    “sufferably”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [=uΛ]   from /S/MS (MAXILLARY sinuses),           “tightly”/+-,  "oppressively"/+bp,  “impermeably"/+cp,          and   “imperviously”/+-/Ch,  “hermetically”/Ch/+bp,  “soundly”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


D)   If articulating [=uΛ]   from /P/mES/verb,       “update"/+-,  "revise"/+bp,  “streamline”/+cp,    and  “renew"/Ch/+-,  “improve”/Ch/+bp,  “overhaul"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [=uΛ]   from /T/mES,        “surge"/+-,  “pour"/+bp,  “rush”/+cp,    and  “stream”/Ch/+-,  "rise”/Ch/+bp,  "gush”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [=uΛ]   from /C1/mES,       “urge”/+-,  “exhort”/+bp,  “beg"/+cp,         and   “solicit”/Ch/+-,  “goad”/Ch/+bp,  “prompt”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [=uΛ]   from /S/aES (ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses),        “oblige”/+-,  “force”/+bp,  “make"/+cp,    and  “compel”/Ch/+-,  “coerce”/Ch/+bp,  “impel”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


*  update [ŋ(=u)h  h=h  d=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  t=h];         revise [r(=æ)h  h=h  v=h  z=h  hΛh];         streamline [s(=u)h  h=h  t=h  r=h  hΛh  (h=m)/+Ap  l=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap];               renew [r(=æ)h  h=h  n=h];          improve [ŋ(=a)h  hih  (h=m)/+Ap  p=h  r=h  hΛh  v=h];         overhaul [ŋ(=o)h  h=h  v=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  ŋ=h  (h=l)/+Ap];

*  surge [s(=uΛ)h  h=h  z=h];        pour [p(=Λ)h  h=h];         rush [r(=uΛ)h  h=h  s=h];                    stream [s(=u)h  h=h  t=h  r=h  hΛh  (h=m)/+Ap];          rise [r(=Λ)h  h=h  z=h];           gush [g(=Λ)h  h=h  s=h];

*  urge [ŋ(=Λ)h  h=h  z=h];         exhort [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  z=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  t=h];         beg [b(=e)h  h=h  g=h];                  solicit [s(=Λ)h  h=h  l=h  s=h  hΛh  t=h];           goad [g(=Λ)h  h=h  d=h];        prompt [p(=u)  h=h  r=h  (h=m)/+Ap  p=h  hΛh  t=h];

*  oblige [ŋ(=Λ)h  h=h  b=h  l=h  hΛh  z=h];         force [f(=o)h  h=h  s=h];         make [m(=æ)h  hih  k=h];                  compel [k(=a)h  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap  p=h  (h=l)/+Ap];         coerce [k(=o)h  h=h  s=h];         impel [ŋ(=a)h  hih  (h=m)/+Ap  p=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=l)/+Ap];


E)   If articulating [=uΛ]   from Korean/P/mES/verb,            “재촉하다[zæ  cog  ha  da]*[xæh  h=h  c=h  hoh  h=g  hah  d=h  hah]*[zæh  h=h  c=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/urge”/+-,   “훈계(訓戒)하다[hun  gye  ha  da]*[huh  h=h  h=n  gy=h  heh  hah  d=h  hah]*[huh  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  gy=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/exhort"/+bp,  "간청(懇請)하다[gan  cΛŋ  ha  da]*[gah  h=h  h=n  c=h  hΛh  h=ŋ  hah  d=h  hah]*[gah  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  c=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/beg"/+cp,   "권유(勸誘)하다[g(uΛ)n  y=  ha  da]*[g(uΛ)h  h=h  h=n  y=h  hah  d=h  hah]*[g(uΛ)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  y=h  d=h  hΛh]/solicit"/+-/Ch,   “부추기다[bu  cu  gi  da]*[buh  h=h  c=h  huh  g=h  hih  d=h  hah]*[buh  h=h  c=h  g=h  hΛh  d=h]/goad"/+bp/Ch,   "자극(刺戟)하다[za  g=g  ha  da]*[xah  h=h  g=h  h=g  hah  d=h  hah]*[zah  h=h  g=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/prompt"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


If articulating [=uΛ]   from Korean/S/mES,           “강제(强制)하다[gaŋ  ze  ha  da]*[gah  h=h  h=ŋ  x=h  heh  hah  d=h  hah]*[gah  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  z=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/oblige"/+-,    "억지로-시키다[ŋΛg  zi  ro  si  ki  da]*[ŋΛh  h=h  h=g  x=h  hih  r=h  hoh  q=h  hih  k=h  hih d=h  hah]*[ŋΛh  h=h  z=h  r=h  hΛh  s=h  k=h  hΛh  d=h]/force"/+bp,   “하게-하다[ha  ge    ha  da]*[hah  h=h  g=h  heh  hah  d=h  hah]*[hah  h=h  g=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/make"/+cp,   "강요(强要)하다[gaŋ   yo  ha  da]*[gah  h=h  h=ŋ   y=h  hoh  hah  d=h  hah]*[gah  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  y=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h]/compel"/+-/Ch,   "강요하여-시키다[gaŋ  yo  ha  yΛ  si  ki  da]*[gah  h=h  h=ŋ  y=h  hoh  hah  y=h  hΛh  q=h  hih  k=h  hih  d=h  hah]*[gah  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  y=h  y=h  hΛh  s=h  k=h  hΛh  d=h]/coerce"/+bp/Ch,   “재촉하여-하게-하다[zæ  cog  ha  yΛ  ha  ge  ha  da]/[xæh  h=h  c=h  hoh  h=g  hah  y=h  hΛh  hah  g=h  heh  hah  d=h  hah]/[zæh  h=h  c=h  y=h  hΛh  g=h  d=h  hΛh]/impel"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


5.   Why is "Infer" sometimes confused with "imply"?

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/infer ,    
Usage Note:       Infer is sometimes confused with imply,   but the distinction is a useful one.      When we say that a speaker or sentence implies something,  we mean that it is conveyed or suggested without being stated outright:     When the mayor said that she would not rule out a business tax increase,  she implied (not inferred) that some taxes might be raised.       Inference, on the other hand, is the activity performed by a reader or interpreter in drawing conclusions that are not explicit in what is said:       When the mayor said that she would not rule out a tax increase, we inferred that she had been consulting with some new financial advisers,   since her old advisers were in favor of tax reductions.

USAGE        The use of infer to mean imply is becoming more and more common in both speech and writing.       There is nevertheless a useful distinction between the two   which many people would be in favour of maintaining.       To infer means 'to deduce', and is used in the construction 'to infer something from something':    I inferred from what she said that she had not been well.       To imply means `to suggest, to insinuate' and is normally followed by a clause:     are you implying that I was responsible for the mistake?

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/infer ,  
1: to derive as a conclusion from facts or premises   <we see smoke and infer fire — L. A. White> — compare imply
2: guess , surmise     <your letter…allows me to infer that you are as well as ever — O. W. Holmes †1935>
3 a: to involve as a normal outcome of thought b: to point out : indicate     <this doth infer the zeal I had to see him — Shakespeare>      <another survey…infers that two-thirds of all present computer installations are not paying for themselves — H. R. Chellman>
4: suggest , hint     <are you inferring I'm incompetent?>
usage        Sir Thomas More is the first writer known to have used both infer and imply in their approved senses (1528).      He is also the first to have used infer in a sense close in meaning to imply (1533).        Both of these uses of infer coexisted without comment until some time around the end of World War I.      Since then, senses 3 and 4 of infer have been frequently condemned as an undesirable blurring of a useful distinction.        The actual blurring has been done by the commentators.       Sense 3, descended from More's use of 1533, does not occur with a personal subject.       When objections arose, they were to a use with a personal subject (now sense 4).        Since dictionaries did not recognize this use specifically, the objectors assumed that sense 3 was the one they found illogical, even though it had been in respectable use for four centuries.         The actual usage condemned was a spoken one never used in logical discourse.        At present sense 4 is found in print chiefly in letters to the editor and other informal prose, not in serious intellectual writing.        The controversy over sense 4 has apparently reduced the frequency of use of sense 3.

**     When articulating "imply [im  p  la  i]"      (which is a pronunciation of GRECOnglish/GC /S speaking posture,    while /T/Ch English original pronunciation is [ŋih  h=h  h=m  p=h  l=h  hΛh])      with/from /C1 speaking posture,       "infer [ŋin  fΛ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.         (In origin) "infer" (of [ŋ(i=)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  f=h  ŋ=h  hΛh]) is also /T/Ch word.

[ŋih  h=h  h=m  p=h  l=h  hΛh] of English original /T/Ch pronunciation for "imply" can not be articulated/spoken with/from /C1 speaking posture.


6.   "walk"    as transitive verb??         & stroll, wander, advance, hike;         (go)
http://www.answers.com/walk ,    
v.tr.
1. To go or pass over, on, or through by walking:        walk (through) the financial district of a city.         walking (along/over/on) the coastal path
2. To bring to a specified condition by walking:          They walked me to exhaustion.
3. To cause to walk or proceed at a walk:          walk a horse uphill.
4. To accompany in walking; escort on foot:         walk (with) the children home;       walked (with) me down the hall.
5. To traverse on foot in order to survey or measure;    pace off:       walked (across) the bounds of the property.
6. To move (a heavy or cumbersome object) in a manner suggestive of walking:      walked the bureau into the hall.
7. Baseball :         a. To allow (a batter) to go to first base by throwing four pitches ruled as balls.
b. To cause (a run) to score by walking a batter.      Often used with in.


**     When articulating "walk through/along/over/on/across/etc."    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,       "walk" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.           This symptom is also applied to "stroll through/along/over/on/across/etc.", "wander through/along/over/on/across/etc.", "advance through/along/over/on/across/etc." and "hike through/along/over/on/across/etc."    

On the other hand,    "go" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced,    when articulating "go through/along/over/on/across/etc."    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture.


*     When articulating "They let me (to) walk to exhaustion."    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "They walked me to exhaustion." is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.         This symptom is also applied to "stroll/wander/advance/hike/go".


http://www.answers.com/go ,    
v.tr.
1. To proceed or move according to:          I was free to go/pursue my own way.
2. To traverse:        Only two of the runners went/complete the entire distance.
3. To engage in:      went skiing.        <go to ski>
4. Informal         a. To bet:      go $20 on the black horse.
b. To bid:        I'll go $500 on the vase.
5. Informal        a. To take on the responsibility or obligation for:        go/pay bail for a client.
b. To participate to (a given extent):            Will you go/accept halves with me if we win the lottery?
6. To amount to;       weigh:        a shark that went 400 pounds.
7. Sports To have as a record:              went/record 3 for 4 against their best pitcher.
8. Informal To enjoy:           I could go/drink a cold beer right now.
9. To say or utter. Used chiefly in verbal narration:       First I go/speak, "Thank you," then he goes/speak, "What for?"

**    And also when articulating "pursue/complete/bet/bid/pay/accept/weigh/record/drink/speak"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       go" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced       (as transitive verb??).


http://www.answers.com/advance ,  
v.tr.
1. To cause to move forward:         advance/move a chess piece.
2. To put forward; propose or suggest:            advanced/introduce a novel theory during the seminar.
3. To aid the growth or progress of:           advanced/promote the cause of freedom.
4. To raise in rank;       promote.
5. To cause to occur sooner:         advance/shorten a deadline by one week.
6. To raise in amount or rate;      increase.
7. To pay (money or interest) before due.      prepay.
8. To supply or lend, especially on credit.  
9. To serve as an advance person for (a trip to be made by a politician or a dignitary):          "advanced/pre-travel the China trip during which the first trade agreements . . . were signed" Suzanne Perney.
10. Archaic     To lift.

**     When articulating "move/introduce/promote/shorten/increase/prepay/lend/pre-travel/lift"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,       "advance" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


http://www.answers.com/hike ,    
v.tr.
1. To increase or raise in amount, especially abruptly:       shopkeepers who hiked their prices for the tourist trade.
2. To pull or raise with a sudden motion; hitch:         hiked myself onto the stone wall;        hiked up her knee socks.
3. Football          To snap (the ball).

**     When articulating "raise/pull/snap"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,       "hike" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


*      In conclusion,    the above show/means:          If "walk, stroll, wander, advance, hike, go" are used as transitive verb,   it is    (not  true/genuine English/TE   but)     GRECOnglish/GC.


7.   Coke;    Coca-Cola

**     When articulating "Coca-Cola"     (as a word,    continuously,  without pause)    with/from /T speaking posture,       "Coke" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


8.   How have English prepositions come into being?

A)      "about"

Re:      Article of    "nightclub.  something, a-bit/too-much/make-much-of, much-as,  quote/unquote,  split infinitive?  <go>"      <<Column 20.  "split infinitive ??">>  

*     I go and do business.

When articulating "go-and"   ("went-to"   or     "going-to"    as a word;   that is, continuously, without interruption)     as an adverb   (tensing the mid point between the MAXILLARY sinuses /MS)    from/with /S/Ch speaking posture,      "go/Ch-to/Mo"   (not as two but as one word)  is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.                          And when articulating "and-do"   ("and-did"    or      "and-doing"     as a word)     as an adverb   (tensing the mid point between the SPHENOIDAL sinuses /SS)    from/with /T/Ch speaking posture,      "so-as-to-do"   (not as two but as one word)  is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


**     In addition to the above;     when articulating "and-do"   ("and-did"    or     "and-doing"     as a word)     as a preposition   (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES)    from/with /T speaking posture,          "about" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_/about.html ,    
>>   1.     preposition in connection with:        in connection with or relating to
think about problems

*   think and-do(?) problems


>>   2.     preposition??     approximately:     close to in number, time, or degree
inviting about fifteen people

*   When articulating    "approximately"    (which is pronunciation of GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,    though originally /C2 word/adverb)    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,       "about" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    3.   preposition       doing or attending to:      with or in an activity
go about your business:        

*   go and-do your business


>>    4.   preposition U.K. at hand: somewhere in a place or on a person
I don't have any cash about me.            She must be about. I saw her a minute ago.

*  When articulating    "with"    (which is /T word/preposition)    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "about" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating "near"    (which is pronunciation of GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,    though originally /P word/adverb)    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,       "about" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>   5.     adverb       all around:      on every side of or all the way around

*     When articulating   "all around"   (as a word)       from/with /C2 speaking posture,      "about" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>   6.     adverb??    adds emphasis:    used to emphasize a statement,   usually when expressing impatience or anger ( informal )
Well, it's about time you showed up!

*  When articulating    "the"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "about" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>   7.     adverb     sailing to opposite tack:     on or to the opposite tack

*     When articulating   "to the opposite tack"   (as a word)       from/with /S speaking posture,      "about" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


http://www.answers.com/about ,      
adv.
>>   7. In succession; one after another:            Turn about is fair play.

*     When articulating   "one after another"   (as a word)       from/with /C2/Ch speaking posture,      "about" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>   8.     a. On the verge of; presently going to. Used with the infinitive:        The chorus is about to sing.
b. Usage Problem       Used to show determination or intention in negative constructions with an infinitive:        I am not about to concede the point.

*    See  the article of  "<<iΛa, oiΛ, iΛo, iaΛ>>  [word + s]  'be about to;, about,   'How about that?'  'and how?!'"        <<Column 6.  "be about to">>


prep.
>>      1. On all sides of; surrounding:       I found an English garden all about me.

*     When articulating    "around"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "all-about" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>      4.   a. In reference to; relating to; concerned with:      a book about snakes.
b. In the act or process of:       While you're about it, please clean your room.
5. In the possession or innate character of:         Keep your wits about you.

*     When articulating    "on"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "about" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating    "in"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "about" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


adj.
>>     1. Moving here and there; astir:       The patient is up and about.

*     When articulating   "well"       from/with /T speaking posture,      "up-and-about" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     2. Being in evidence or existence:       Rumors are about concerning his resignation.

*     When articulating    "running"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "about" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


B)      aboard:

When articulating "on board of"     (as a word,    continuously,  without pause)    with/from /T speaking posture        (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES   for pronunciation of “prepositions”),       "aboard" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


C)      above

When articulating    "over"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "above" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.              
a cool spring above the timberline.               put principles above expediency.               a shot that was heard above the music.             I am above petty intrigue.

a dam positioned ten miles above the town.

*      And when articulating   "north of"   (as a word)      as a preposition   (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES)       from/with /P/Ch speaking posture,      "above" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
Minnesota is above Iowa.


D)     across

When articulating    "on/at/from-the-other-side-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "across" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.               across the street.

And when articulating    "through"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "across" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.               drew lines across the paper.

*      And when articulating   "over"       as an preposition   (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES)       from/with /P/Ch speaking posture,      "across" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
a bridge across a river.

When articulating    "meet"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "come-across" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.               came across my old roommate.


E)     after

**     When articulating "behind [bi  ha  in  d]"       (which is a pronunciation of GRECOnglish/GC /S speaking posture,    while /T/Ch English original pronunciation of "behind" is [b(i=)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h])         with/from /C1 speaking posture,         "after [ŋe  f=  tΛ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.              (In origin) "after" (of [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  f=h  t=h  hΛh]) is also /T/Ch word.
Z comes after Y in the alphabet.

[b(i=)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h] of English original /T/Ch pronunciation for "behind" can not be articulated/spoken with/from /C1 speaking posture.


*     When articulating    "seek"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "seek-after" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.               seek after fame.

And when articulating    "seek"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "go-after" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.               go after big money.


**     When articulating    "about"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "after" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.               asked after you.

When articulating    "past"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,       "after" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.                come after dinner.             five minutes after three.

When articulating    "subsequent-to",     "because-of"      or    "regardless-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,       "after" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.                They are still friends after all their differences.

*      When articulating    "in-the-style-of"       as a preposition   (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES)      with/from /P/Ch speaking posture,       "after" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.                satires after Horace.

When articulating    "in-honor-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "after" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.               named after her mother.

When articulating    "according-to-the-desires-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "after" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.               a tenor after my own heart.


http://www.answers.com/after ,      
11. Irish Used with a present participle to indicate action that has just been completed:       "Sure I'm after seeing him not five minutes ago" James Joyce.

When articulating    "just"       as an adverb   (tensing the mid point between the POSTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /pES)      with/from /C2/Ch speaking posture,       "after" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.      


G)     against

Re:     "8. A) about"

*     When articulating "and-press"   ("and-pressed",    or    "and-pressing"     as a word)     as a preposition   (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES)    from/with /T speaking posture,      "against" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

**     And when articulating "and-face"   ("and-faced",    or "and-facing"     as a word)     as a preposition   (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES)    from/with /T speaking posture,      "against" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://www.answers.com/against ,    
1. In a direction or course opposite to:         row against the current.       row and-press the current.
2. So as to come into forcible contact with:          waves dashing against the shore.        waves dashing and-pressing the shore.
3. In contact with so as to rest or press on:          leaned against the tree.         leaned and-press the tree.
4. In hostile opposition or resistance to:          struggle against fate.         struggle and-press fate.
5. Contrary to; opposed to:          (do it) against my better judgment.          (do it) and-press my better judgment.
6. In competition with:           race against the record holder.         race and-press the record holder.
10. To the account or debt of:         drew a check against my bank balance.           drew a check and-press my bank balance.

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/against ,  
<she sat down just over against me — Daniel Defoe>           She sat down just over and-faced me.


>>     7. In contrast or comparison with the setting or background of:          dark colors against a fair skin.

*    When articulating    "compared-with"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,       "against" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.              


>>     8. In preparation for; in anticipation of:          food stored against winter.
9. As a defense or safeguard from:           protection against the cold.

*    When articulating    "prepared-for"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "against" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.              


>>     5. Contrary to; opposed to:          against my better judgment.          not-allowed-by my better judgment.
It's against the law.            It's not-allowed-by the law.

*    When articulating    "not-allowed-by"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "against" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.              


H)     along

Re:     "8. A) about"     &    "8. G) against"

*     When articulating "and-follow"   ("and-followed",    or    "and-following"     as a word)     as a preposition   (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES)    from/with /T speaking posture,      "along" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://www.answers.com/along ,    
1. Over the length of:       walked along the path.       walked and-followed the path.
3. In accordance with:        The committee split along party lines over the issue.       The committee split and-followed party lines over the issue.


>>    2. On a line or course parallel and close to; continuously beside:       rowed along the shore;       rowed and-followed the shore;       the trees along the avenue.        the trees parallel-to the avenue.

*    When articulating    "parallel-to"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "along" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.              


I)    alongside

http://www.answers.com/alongside ,  
Usage Note:        Both alongside and alongside of are acceptable as prepositions:          The barge lay alongside (or alongside of) the pier.

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/alongside[2] ,    
1 a: along the side of     <the boat docked alongside the pier>        b: beside 1   <standing alongside me>
2 a: in company with     <men she has been working alongside — Richard Halloran>      b: in addition to      <a special category alongside the awards it annually presents — Horizon>

When articulating   "along-the-side-of"       as a preposition   (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES)       from/with /P/Ch speaking posture,      "alongside" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating    "beside"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "alongside-of" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.              


*      When articulating    "work-with-(him)"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "work-alongside-(him)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating    "in-addition-to-(it)"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "alongside-(it)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


J)    amid

**     When articulating "among [ŋΛ  moŋ]"        (which is a pronunciation of GRECOnglish/GC /S speaking posture,    while /T/Ch English original pronunciation of "among" is [ŋæh  h=h  m=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap])       with/from /C1 speaking posture,            "amid [ŋΛ  mi  d]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

[ŋæh  h=h  m=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap] of English original /T/Ch pronunciation for "among" can not be articulated/spoken with/from /C1 speaking posture.


K)   amidst

When articulating    "amid"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "amidst" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.              


L)   among    &    between

When articulating "within two"     (as a word,    continuously,  without pause)    with/from /T speaking posture        (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES   for pronunciation of “prepositions”),       "between" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating "within many"     (as a word,    continuously,  without pause)    with/from /T speaking posture        (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES   for pronunciation of “prepositions”),       "among" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://www.answers.com/topic/between ,      
Usage Note:           According to a widely repeated but unjustified tradition,    "between is used for two,   and among for more than two."       It is true that between is the only choice when exactly two entities are specified:   the choice between (not among) good and evil,   the rivalry between (not among) Great Britain and France.        When more than two entities are involved,   however, or when the number of entities is unspecified,      the choice of one or the other word depends on the intended sense.        Between is used when the entities are considered as distinct individuals;     among, when they are considered as a mass or collectivity.       Thus in the sentence   The bomb landed between the houses,    the houses are seen as points that define the boundaries of the area of impact    (so that we presume that none of the individual houses was hit).       In The bomb landed among the houses,     the area of impact is considered to be the general location of the houses,    taken together (in which case it is left open whether any houses were hit).       By the same token, we may speak of a series of wars between the Greek cities,   which suggests that each city was an independent participant in the hostilities,    or of a series of wars among the Greek cities,   which allows for the possibility that the participants were shifting alliances of cities.        For this reason, among is used to indicate inclusion in a group:     She is among the best of our young sculptors.       There is a spy among you.     Use between when the entities are seen as determining the limits or endpoints of a range:       They searched the area between the river, the farmhouse, and the woods.      The truck driver had obviously been drinking between stops.

http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_/between.html ,    
Word Usage
between or among?
Although some people insist on using among and not between when more than two items are involved,  it is established usage to use between in this meaning as well, especially when among might sound too formal:       They shared out the money equally between their five children.        Among is never used when only two items are involved.

http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/between ,  
usage       There is a persistent but unfounded notion    that between can be used only of two items      and that among must be used for more than two.          Between has been used of more than two since Old English;       it is especially appropriate to denote a one-to-one relationship,   regardless of the number of items.        It can be used when the number is unspecified      <economic cooperation between nations>,      when more than two are enumerated     <between you and me and the lamppost>      <partitioned between Austria, Prussia, and Russia — Nathaniel Benchley>,      and even when only one item is mentioned (but repetition is implied)      <pausing between every sentence to rap the floor — George Eliot>.         Among is more appropriate where the emphasis is on distribution    rather than individual relationships        <discontent among the peasants>.          When among is automatically chosen for more than two, English idiom may be strained       <a worthy book that nevertheless falls among many stools — John Simon>        <the author alternates among modern slang, clichés and quotes from literary giants — A. H. Johnston>.


M)     amongst

**     When articulating "among [ŋΛ  moŋ]"    (which is a pronunciation of GRECOnglish/GC /S speaking posture,    while /T/Ch English original pronunciation of "among" is [ŋæh  h=h  m=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap])   with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "amongst [ŋΛ  mΛŋ  s  t]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

By the way, GRECOnglish/GC linguists coined the word of "among"   from the pronunciation of [ŋæh  h=h  m=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap]      with GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture.

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DATE: 2008.12.24 - 13:19


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585Simple viewrather/quick/question/laconic/scan/boycott/outlaw/amount/fee, precipitate, bless,/regretful/formidable/automatic Y... 2012.09.16
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582Simple view>>                                        Vowel chart                        (& glossary) Y... 2012.09.16
581Simple view'negative prefix/suffix'       'Labor Day'             'Capital cities' (Washington DC)     'capitals in USA'         WSPD Y... 2012.09.09
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579Simple view'Phonetics between West/East astrology'                  'Why gold/silver/bronze medal?'                   'why left-handed??' Y... 2012.08.14
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575Simple viewJapan/China/Vietnam/Thai-/Cambodia/Laos/Burma/Malaysia/Indonesia/Brunei/Singapore/Philippines/Taiwan/Okinawa Y... 2012.07.12
574Simple view         Who/how made English/German/French spellings??               'Indo-European'       Aryan Y... 2012.07.03
573Simple viewso-called,   self-styled,   various,  different,   practically,   service,  nest,     alternative/alternate,     otherwise/other Y... 2012.07.02
572Simple viewsmart,  rarely,  only,  reduction,  group,  'can't help but',  suffer,  evoke,  careen,  able,  just,  fair/fairly,  good/well Y... 2012.07.02
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570Simple viewdoubt, quiz, fire, challenged, mutual, crucial, moot, firstly, right, worry, race, vogue, 'look to', revolution, need/must Y... 2012.06.26
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519Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.24
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507Simple view'Thomas Hobbes' 'John Stuart Mill' 'Arthur Schopenhauer' 'Friedrich Nietzsche' Hegel/Kant/Hume/Locke/Leibniz Y... 2011.05.26
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502Simple view             Phonetic study    on   German/French   words/sentences Y... 2011.05.13
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496Simple view                           phonetic analysis on     Buddha  &  Buddhism Y... 2011.05.04
495Simple viewPhonetic analysis on   Hinduism/Veda/Sanskrit/Prakrit/Zoroaster, Manichaeism/Mani,  Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh Y... 2011.04.29
494Simple view'net-cutting'  'country music'  'General Zod'      BC/AD  'Independence day'     BCE/CE    '(Before) Common Era' Y... 2011.04.14
493Simple view    'phonetic study on Jesus Christ  &  Moshe'             'Twelve Apostles'              'Hellenistic civilization??' Y... 2011.04.10
492Simple view           translation :           논어(論語)/공자(孔子/Confucius),               etymological analysis Y... 2011.04.08
491Simple view'論語/논어 [non  ŋΛ]  &  Old Testament'       Torah/Pentateuch         'Why Torah, Prophets, Writings, 四書五經' Y... 2011.04.05
490Simple view'lady-in-waiting'  Confucius/Mencius/Laozi/Micius  popcorn  'Generation Y/X'  'Wonder Woman'       I/you    etc. Y... 2011.04.02
489Simple viewfraction/ordinal,   'national flowers'   'Department of State'    'God bless you!'   'daylight saving time'   *BC/AD Y... 2011.03.20
488Simple view"&/and",                  italic,  ride/drive,       Morrison, Messiah/Immanuel,  succeed,     'Virgin Mary'  Joseph Y... 2011.03.15
487Simple view‘Moby-Dick’     'Coca Cola'       pronouns/4,  'Chinese carry-out'     'days of months'     'leap year (day)'   date Y... 2011.03.04
486Simple view'The Star-Spangled Banner'   &   'God Save the Queen'   &    'Land of Hope and Glory';        national anthems Y... 2011.02.10
485Simple view         'La Marseillaise'              Deutschlandlied              'National anthem of Austria' Y... 2013.05.12
484Simple view'Ask not'/America       months  'days of the week'  day/week/month/year  '(the) first'  hamburger  'Super Bowl' Y... 2011.02.09
483Simple view'passive voice'               'shoe-string budget?'  'you know'  'by the way'  'eh/well'  'blood libel'    'last supper' Y... 2011.01.14
482Simple view'Do I know you?'           'Season's Greetings'  'Auld Lang Syne'      'Christian cross,  resurrection'    'Red Cross' Y... 2011.01.08
481Simple view'Moses & Jesus Christ'            Christ/Jesus,   'Christmas card'   'Why Santa is old man'   MoU,      'Three Magi' Y... 2010.12.25
480Simple view"Shakespeare   &  Plutarch"                  'Sir Thomas More'   'G6'     oneself/myself/ourselves/etc.    ID Y... 2010.12.23
479Simple view'Why wedding dresses are white'              Halloween/제사,  denim, angel(s), eve, Ivy/steak, 'Rhode Island' Y... 2010.12.19
478Simple viewThanksgiving-day,         SantaClaus,           countries,      "silent letter??"     waffle/빈대떡/cupcake Y... 2010.11.26
477Simple view>> More considerations on  "silent letter??";     between GRECOnglish & orthodox English pronunciations Y... 2010.11.27
476Simple view"for the people, by the people, of the people"                          "I have a dream"      yes/no Y... 2010.10.10
475Simple view'it :  imp. v.??'              methinks                               Memorial/Mother's Day,    'hat trick'  franchise/may Y... 2010.06.05
474Simple view"Phonetics/linguistics  &  Bible"                                            "dirty Chinese??" Y... 2010.04.20
473Simple view'aui*Λ/o/='        exigency, need/longing, matter, pressure/force, hurry/rush, weight/postulate/concept/picture Y... 2010.04.05
472Simple view>> Corrected:                   [auiΛ]/S/mES, /S/MS;    [auio]/S/mES, /T/mES, /C1/mES;   [aui=]/P/pES Y... 2010.08.14
471Simple viewview/viewpoint, scheme/surmise/lack/economy/feature,  detail/topic,  item/issue,  point/case,  trifle/matter Y... 2010.04.05
470Simple viewaffair/terrific,  spooky/spook, dreadful/fearsome/awesome/traditional,  customary/familiar,  normal/average Y... 2010.04.05
469Simple viewusual/general,  common/routine, standard, apropos, related/relati-,  germane/cognate, tempor-, fly-by-night Y... 2010.04.05
468Simple viewpassing,  fugitive, 'short-lived', transient/ably/momentarily/amplify/stretch,  expand/wax,  augment/raise Y... 2010.04.05
467Simple viewheighten/lengthen,  embarra-/discountena-,  'show up', offend,  chagrin/vex, mortify/abash,  incarna-/personi- Y... 2010.04.05
466Simple viewrepresent/depict,  illustrate/explicate, codify, manifest, rubbish,  malign/libel,  abuse/mar, decry, blacken Y... 2010.04.05
465Simple viewsignificance/fervour/ebullience,  weight/emphasis, distillation/water/dew/perspiration/moisture/spray/bigotry Y... 2010.04.05
464Simple viewchutzpah', fight, payoff, path,  consequences/end, result(s), verdict,  upshot/event, compatible, consonant Y... 2010.04.05
463Simple viewsociable, convivial,  'dyed in the wool', universal, overall,  total/downright, worldwide,  'far-flung', entire Y... 2010.04.05
462Simple viewwhole/patient,  mild/equab-, kind/generali-/interpola-,  sophisticate/pervert, counsel/instruct,  refine/temper Y... 2010.04.05
461Simple viewhype/razzmatazz, razzle-dazzle, spotlight, play-up, write-up,  champion/uphold, develop,  defend, 'plead for' Y... 2010.04.05
460Simple viewhelp,  advocate/recommend,  puzzle/poser, problem, inconsistency, 'closed book', conundrum, fabrication Y... 2010.04.05
459Simple viewforgery/phony, lie(s), fiction, myth,  fake/counterfeit,  takings, arrest/bust,  catching/espial, trappings/bard Y... 2010.04.05
458Simple viewimprisonment/detenti-, seizure,  dignity, 'self-importa-', decorum/etiquet-,  grandeur/prominen-, proprieties Y... 2010.04.05
457Simple viewsolemnities/gravity,  majesties, 'His Honour, etc.',  destitute, 'down and out',  poor, 'bad(ly) off', 'well-off' Y... 2010.04.05
456Simple viewneedy,  short/low, jovial,  lively, 'full of beans', congenial/ratty/peevish,  sour/tart,  surly/churlish, peppery Y... 2010.04.05
455Simple viewtesty/heady/snappish, unlimited/incomparable/peremptory/complain,  grumble/bellyache, carp/kvetch, groan Y... 2010.04.05
454Simple viewwail/soothe,  'relieve (yourself)', soften/mitigate/scold/blame,  correct/chasten, discipline/censure/advertise Y... 2010.04.05
453Simple viewfortis(?) consonants,                                    Short(?) Program,  Democrat/donkey,  Valentine's Day Y... 2010.02.24
452Simple view>>                                              θ/ð/v/f Y... 2014.03.09
451Simple viewDifference between English & GRECOnglish/GC,                                             pronouns,   'Excuse me.' Y... 2010.01.23
450Simple view'Λui*a/o/=', business/craft, work/occupation, call/job, line/field, condition/symptoms/disorder/appointments Y... 2010.01.06
449Simple view>> Corrections:                                               [Λuia] adjective,       [Λui=] /S/SS Y... 2010.09.18
448Simple viewhorseback-riding?    class, label, creature, gull,   figure/dupe, fitting/fit,    worthy/praiseworthy/worthwhile Y... 2010.01.06
447Simple viewcorrect,  toxic/unhealthful,  deadly/destructive, mortal/killing, choice/prime,  'cool, first-class', select/rare Y... 2010.01.06
446Simple viewbrilliant/marvello-, cracking/mega, coolish/aggregate/assemble/accumula-, test/challenge, look at, research Y... 2010.01.06
445Simple viewexaggerate/emphasise/enlarge/inflate/embroider, frighten/scare/stun/alarm, damp/humidness/opacity/dim Y... 2010.01.06
444Simple viewfaintness/funniness/sport/pleasure/cheerfulness/joy,   understanding/affectionateness/toleration/surd/hard Y... 2010.01.06
443Simple viewdire/awful/dreadful/notable, non-specialist, general/easy/simple/plain/significant/suppose/imagine, believe in Y... 2010.01.06
442Simple view'fancy up', feed, 'eat up', graze/pasture/browse,  'dine out', copulate/shag/bonk,  'have a ball', 'have a fuck' Y... 2010.01.06
441Simple view'have a hump', erase, 'cancel out', excise, 'wipe out', luxury/extra/art/pleasure/love/density/want/parsimony Y... 2010.01.06
440Simple viewdimension/solidity/impenetrability/terror/animosity/dread/horror/fright/awe/deadline,    value/unchangeability Y... 2010.01.06
439Simple viewconstancy,  merit/irreversibility,  quality/unalterability,  caliber/invariability, bad,  kind/humane, good, favour Y... 2010.01.06
438Simple viewcaring/sharp/risky/parlous/ominous/dicey/insecure/ugly/quiescent/yielding/soft/dutiful/willing, patient/serene Y... 2010.01.06
437Simple viewliberal/prodigal, lax/permissive/tender, constancy/stability, lenient/magnanimo-/free/evolve, generate/render Y... 2010.01.06
436Simple viewguarantee/guaranty, delegate/authorize, trust, transfer/transport, hand/give/pass/capture, charm/bewitch Y... 2010.01.06
435Simple viewattract/fascinate,  entrance/trance,  submit/yield/agree/bend/bow/ailment, malaise/instrument/tool/apropos Y... 2010.01.06
434Simple viewtimely/genuine/lethal/terminal/hostile/fine/willing/affable/commix/terrorize/water, kindliness, hand-out Y... 2010.01.06
433Simple viewEnglish/GRECOnglish accent,                   'Happy Holidays',  season, chemistry?         'primary consonants' Y... 2010.01.04
432Simple view'uia*Λ/o/='            mix/mixture;     blend;     compound/composite/composition;     amalgam/amalgamation Y... 2010.01.04
431Simple view>> Corrected:                                             [uia=] /T/MS, /P/mES Y... 2010.08.13
430Simple viewcoalescence; climax; venture; project; risk; scheme;  benefit/beneficiality;  good(ness);  use; gain; reward Y... 2009.12.25
429Simple viewboon; alert; serious; deep; intellectual; scholarly; fit;    appropriate/expropriate; irregular;    asymmetric(al) Y... 2009.12.01
428Simple viewfraternize; socialize; sacrifice; abandon; renounce; forfeit(ure); jilt; disentangle/untangle; generalize (-ise) Y... 2009.12.01
427Simple viewextrapolate; infer; conclude; 'reason out'; universalize; mind; sense; knowledge; wit; corruption/corruptne- Y... 2009.12.01
426Simple view>> Corrections:          mindfulness/mind, sensuousness/sense, wiseness/wisdom, judiciousness/judgement Y... 2009.12.21
425Simple viewgraft; danger(ousness); chance; prospect; optimality/optimization; gawky/gauche; heavy; earnest; true/H?  Y... 2009.12.01
424Simple viewphysical; manual; base; sanguine; expectant; budget; allowance; finance(s); shove; thrust; nudge; knock Y... 2009.12.01
423Simple viewpush; bump; cause; source; spring; agent; opposite; different; enough/enow; lavish; belligerent; conflicting Y... 2009.12.01
422Simple viewoptimize; behave;   act/react; conduct(ion); acquit ; comport; deliberate; consider; think; ponder; debate Y... 2009.12.01
421Simple viewfrighten; scare; petrify;    interweave; intermingle; commingle; alleviate;    trivialize; untangle; shadiness Y... 2009.12.01
420Simple viewrun;   disclose; divulge; evince; defraud; hoodwink;   impart; promulgate; deteriorate; fundi; wonk;   study Y... 2009.12.01
419Simple view"trick or treat"                                   "air force one" Y... 2009.11.06
418Simple view*  'iau*Λ/o/='      mean(s), aid, advantage, vacuum,    (expressive) style, competition, aggression, intrusion Y... 2009.11.04
417Simple view>> Corrected:              [iauΛ] /P/MS, /S/aES, /C1/SS, /P/mES,   [iauo] /C2/MS, /verb,   [iau=] /P/mES Y... 2010.10.05
416Simple view'ill will',    pugnacity/roundabout/wandering, straightforward/natural/frank/dirty/blue, lavish/full/grace/raise Y... 2009.11.04
415Simple viewadvance/boycott/snub, refrain from, stay away -, spurn, throw out, eject/support/bear, hold up, carry/prop Y... 2009.11.03
414Simple viewfame/honour/glory, trouble(someness), inconvenience/solemness/gravity, earnest(ness), soberness/feeling Y... 2009.11.03
413Simple viewsubmission,   philanthropic(al), gracious, almsgiving, positive, confident, hopeful, upbeat,   real(ly), absolute Y... 2009.11.03
412Simple viewperfect/right/complete/shoot/speed/race/rush/tear/dash/pose/present/create/rise,     lead (to),  result (in) Y... 2009.11.03
411Simple viewsave, rescue, recover, salvage,    bail (out), chafe, rub, scratch, rasp, scrape,    foolish(ness), judg(e)ment Y... 2009.11.03
410Simple viewgrotesquery/unpleasingness/verity,   'true fact?' reality, sensuous/sensual, provocative/delicious/delectable Y... 2009.11.03
409Simple viewsteady/beautiful/scenic, savo(u)ry, federate/merge,   unify/unite, consolidate/mingle/coalesce/save/reserve Y... 2009.11.03
408Simple viewstore/collect/vaporize/gasify/aerate,     sublimate/sublime, transpire/hesitate/waver/delay/pause/wait/falter Y... 2009.11.03
407Simple view'compound noun'                Go go go!   White House, northwest, used car,   African-American,   ball games Y... 2009.10.20
406Simple viewdefault [*]/[h]/[=]                   nightline, below, having,  'So many people, so many minds.'  'Mother’s Day' Y... 2009.10.16
405Simple viewMrs./Miss/Ms./lady,                   principle of (sur)names,                   Kor-/Eng- sentences              color Y... 2009.10.11
404Simple view'=ia*Λ/o/u'         agent/H? height/representative/minister/agent/deputy/summit/peak, fund(s), mutual/trust Y... 2009.10.04
403Simple view>> Corrections:                   [=iaΛ] /S/mES,   [=iau]/P/noun, /C1/mES,    [=iao]/S/aES,   /P/T/C1/mES,  Y... 2010.08.28
402Simple viewtherapeutic,  lavish/healing/restorative, good(s), corrective/temporary/acting/interim,  strain/stress/strenu- Y... 2009.10.04
401Simple view'stand-in',   'fill-in',   farming, country, rural, rustic, agrarian,   complain, moan, bitch, whine, growl, gripe Y... 2009.10.04
400Simple viewsophisticate/school/train/educate/consecrate,  bless/H? monitor,  'check (out)', program(me), info(rmation) Y... 2009.10.04
399Simple view>> Corrections:                                           "45. monitor"     &     "46.  check (out)" Y... 2009.11.27
398Simple viewproof, submission, reverence, observance, density, compact(ed)ness, impenetrability, thick, close, heavy Y... 2009.10.04
397Simple viewsolid, substantial, defenc(s)e, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear, shoulder, endure, keep Y... 2009.10.04
396Simple viewoscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-) Y... 2009.10.04
395Simple viewsour(ness), vice/viciousness, cruelty, savage(ry), feminine(ness), sex, female(n-), male(n-), masculine(n-) Y... 2009.10.04
394Simple viewterrific, bodacious(ly), boff(o), 'jim-dandy', hopeful, positive, confident, 'can-do', formal(ly), official, regular Y... 2009.10.04
393Simple viewparlous/perilous, '(de)fend (off)',  'cover up', protect/guard/secure/preserve/furnish,  'fit out', stock/supply Y... 2009.10.04
392Simple viewprovision/provide/serialize, 'set up', arrange/form/order/sort/sicken/disgust/revolt, repel/repulse, 'gross out' Y... 2009.10.04
391Simple view>> Corrections:                                              "set up"          (set) Y... 2010.01.18
390Simple view'Why not Gibson Charles?'          'Mr. Gibson' or 'Gibson mister'        'Your Honour'        'English middle name' Y... 2009.09.19
389Simple view'ia=*Λ/o/u'         supplement,      quest,     philanthropic(al), irritative, humanitarian, affronted, sacrifice Y... 2009.09.15
388Simple view>> Corrected Y... 2010.11.20
387Simple viewabandon(ment), focus, center, finish, do, use, '(be) used to', effect, merit, culture, public, spell/charm/lure Y... 2009.09.15
386Simple viewfair(ness), love(liness), neighbo(u)rly, siz(e)ably, wil(l)fully, corpor(e)al, cordial, futile, troubledly, disturbing Y... 2009.09.15
385Simple viewwildish, wild(ly),   loud(ly), cut, sever, divide,   rend, schism,   separate, cast, throw, project, launch, pitch Y... 2009.09.15
384Simple viewshed, consolidate, combine, unite, join,  marry, amalgamate, boundary, limits, obscurity, negligence/neglect Y... 2009.09.15
383Simple viewirresponsibleness, uncertainty, changeability, rough, crude/petro-, homespun, rough-hew(n), 'stylish person' Y... 2009.09.15
382Simple view'in/on demand'  show, express, display, reveal, register, rouse, cause, fire, prompt, ease, moderate, animate Y... 2009.09.15
381Simple viewgrafting;                  greeting;                 "good-bye"                   "forbidden fruit" Y... 2009.09.11
380Simple viewno/though/yes,         (nein/doch/ja)                    "You like it, do you? ΛV" Y... 2009.09.08
379Simple view>> "Don't you like it?"           "The life must go on."           sniper,          Phoenicia,         freemason Y... 2009.09.18
378Simple view'iaΛ*o/u/='   factor, fundament(al), problematic(al),  '(dangling) participle', loose(ly),  'blue chip', large-sized Y... 2009.09.04
377Simple viewpunctuality, promptness, read(il)y, regular(ity), stead(il)y, consistent(ly),  'Kindly yours',  '(double) genitive' Y... 2009.09.04
376Simple viewsimplicity/easiness/clarity, logic(ality), urgency/importan-, need(fulness), gravity, press(ure), hurry/querulo- Y... 2009.09.04
375Simple viewbad-tempered,     hot-tempered, irascible,    'provide (against/for)', 'fit (in)', 'spy (on)',  follow/i? monitor/H? Y... 2009.09.04
374Simple viewagree/-/i? thunder(bolt), cheat(er), sharper,  'confidence man', pledge/v? committal, promise/v? segmented Y... 2009.09.04
373Simple viewsegregative/augmentative/increasable/protractive/celebrative,  'deal in/with', 'trade in', 'build up', scare/-/i? Y... 2009.09.04
372Simple view'iao*Λ/u/='      position/H?   exposé,      (have) impact/contact/curb/date/elbow/interview/panic/park/verb? Y... 2009.08.26
371Simple view>> Corrected:                                       [iaou] /S/aES Y... 2010.07.09
370Simple viewcare(fulness),  worry/v?   'seeing eye', old/H? passé, circumspect(ive),    'Indian summer',  oldish, enervate Y... 2009.08.26
369Simple viewverity, truth,  'the true',  factuality, tru(thful)ly,     'Sincerely yours', media blitz, clear/whole/H? wholeness Y... 2009.08.26
368Simple viewunity/cohesion, barrenness, aridness/poorer/unproductivity, technological), propitiatory/atonable/reparative Y... 2009.08.26
367Simple viewoblatory, mockable, mock(up), ironic/sneerful/aggravative, exaggeratively, heightened, join/H? 'wrap (up)' Y... 2009.08.26
366Simple view* 'oia*Λ/u/='  'the more - of',      'holy grail', 'more important(ly)', '(the) more universal',      'bachelor party' Y... 2009.08.21
365Simple view>> Corrected :                                      [oiau]/P/MS/noun,  /mES/verb Y... 2010.09.13
364Simple view'Please be seated',  humidness, damp(ness), moistness, bounty,      plenty, profusion, limit(ation), ultimacy Y... 2009.08.21
363Simple viewbest/highest/finest/choicest, 'succumb to', 'catch in', 'contract of', impermanency/transiency/insecureness Y... 2009.08.21
362Simple view>> Corrected:                               "23.  catch (in)" Y... 2010.09.13
361Simple viewcapableness/means/competency/potency/captainship, complete/H? done, sacred/H? blessed, recap(itulate) Y... 2009.08.21
360Simple view'uai*Λ/o/='       periodic(al),  cyclic(al),  great(ly),    fade (away),  melt (away),    principle(s),  scruple(s) Y... 2009.08.15
359Simple view>> Corrected :                  [uaio]   from /C1/mES,  “recreate”/+-,    (14.     deleted) Y... 2010.04.11
358Simple viewgloom(ine-), disabled/handicapped, deceptively, copy(write), xerox, safety/safene-, (im)pass(e), im/explicit Y... 2009.08.15
357Simple viewsanctimonious(ly), religiose, disorder(ed)ly, straightforward(ly),   over/underestimate,  miss (out),  way(s) Y... 2009.08.15
356Simple view'aiu*Λ/o/='       hope(fulness),     long(ing),     answerableness,   opportuneness,   benevolent,   over/end Y... 2009.08.11
355Simple view>> Corrected:                                        [aiu=] /P/pES,  /T/pES Y... 2010.10.13
354Simple viewconventional,   davenport,  secretaire,       'government(s); collective n.?'       authorities,   viable/possible Y... 2009.08.10
353Simple viewstereotypic(al), baseball, empty/H? beating,  danger(ousness), clear/H? fine/H?   'intens(iv)e, intent',   past Y... 2009.08.10
352Simple viewwhat/which//that/this/whatever/whose/who/however, although, but, except(ing), and, It is me, both/with Y... 2009.08.07
351Simple view'=ai*Λ/o/u'     porn(o), revelant, continue,  keep(ing-up), maintain,  carry(ing-on), lasting(ness), curiosity Y... 2009.07.31
350Simple viewalienism, exot(ci)sm, revenge, extant, actual(ly), ugly, surly,  current/heart/Hist?  headquarter(s), bake(ry) Y... 2009.07.31
349Simple viewwork(place), observation/concurrency/conformity, fanatic(al), deadly/noticeableness/appearan-/visiblene- Y... 2009.07.31
348Simple viewdouble(ness), fellow,  submission(s),  concentrative(ly),  husband/H?  advance(ment),  purport,  claim/H? Y... 2009.07.31
347Simple viewModifications & Corrections:            'ai=*Λ/o/u' ,      difficultness  >>  difficulty          [ai=u] Y... 2009.09.16
346Simple viewboundary, confine(s), verge(s),   corporate culture, custom(s),    lifestyle,  art(s)y–craft(s)y,    one,    half Y... 2009.07.26
345Simple view(one and) only,   only,   not,  'not only ~ but'   'not-balance',  individual(s),  impeach/formidability/difficulty Y... 2009.07.26
344Simple view>> Corrections:                                 28. difficultness/difficulty Y... 2009.09.16
343Simple viewoffense, Abo,  identify with, politic(al)ly,    n/m dash,   scoot, seeing as (how), 'waste/fade/wither (away)' Y... 2009.07.26
342Simple viewFrench Kiss,   French fry,   French Connection,   French leave,   French maid,   French-German enmity,  - Y... 2009.07.21
341Simple view'Λai*o/u/='     corpor(e)ality, Tombstone,    'more higher',   'might could',   'three mile',  'VAT tax', four-foot Y... 2009.07.17
340Simple view>> Corrected:                                                 [Λai=]/T/MS Y... 2010.09.22
339Simple view'rarely ever',  'couldn't hardly', hard(ly), anticipate/empathy, IOU, insure/complacency, absolute(ness), mum Y... 2009.07.17
338Simple viewunchangeablene-/invariablene-/inalterability/feasibili-/survivab-, grow/vt?  workablene-/corrupti-/viciousne- Y... 2009.07.17
337Simple viewperversion, conscious(ness), consc(ient)ious,    'aware of'   'responsive to'   'cognizant of'   'percipient of' Y... 2009.07.17
336Simple viewtry-to,  solid(ity), substantialness/tangibility/physicality/legitimation, credibleness, greenish, denote, Andy Y... 2009.07.17
335Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='   impulsivity, impetuosity, anxious/eager?, chat(ter), chiefly/centrally, uppermost/foremost/adv? Y... 2009.07.10
334Simple viewstrangle/worrying(ly),  (ad)judge, recap(itulate), (a)bate,  council/counselor,  gown/univ, (ad)dress,  habit Y... 2009.07.10
333Simple viewstreng(k)th, on purpose, aggravate/tease, broad(ly), wide(ly), quiet(ness/ly), on the quiet, alone, sat/-ing? Y... 2009.07.10
332Simple viewforward(s/ly), further(most), favor/v.i?, foster(ing/ed), caution(ary), heed(fulness), (ad)venture, bold(ness) Y... 2009.07.10
331Simple viewpowerful(ly), power(ful), aloud, roaring(ly),     French kiss,    jazz,   'compare with/to', contrast/n?, born(e) Y... 2009.07.10
330Simple view'aio*Λ/u/='   Your-Honour,       Stonehenge,      eas(il)y/2,   safety,  obsession,    Big Apple (NY),  moniker Y... 2009.07.03
329Simple viewitem/also,  fundament(al),         neighbor,        decisive, hard-hitting,    upright(ly), sheer(ly),         need Y... 2009.07.03
328Simple view'oai*Λ/u/='    excess, inordinacy, immoderacy, extravagancy, whitish, light(ly), soft(ly), almight(il)y, (re)lax Y... 2009.06.26
327Simple view>> Corrections:                               [oaiu]            swanky Y... 2010.03.22
326Simple viewdoll, immigrate, remove/v.i.?  'permit of', sanction, sit/set, lemon,    'spelling bee',    'rote learning', 'look to' Y... 2009.06.26
325Simple viewboast/form, bragging(ly), in vain,  lordly/adv?  egotistic(al), a thought, sequent(ial), economic(al), punitory Y... 2009.06.26
324Simple view>> Corrections:                                        26. lordly Y... 2010.03.22
323Simple viewretaliative, bright(ly), historic(al), oblig(at)e, (t)here, this/that,   voiced/voiceless,   like-to, like, 'like(d) to' Y... 2009.06.26
322Simple view'iΛo*a/u/='    gender role, battle with,  media/data/agenda/dirtily/pathetic(al), fair(ly), comply with, evade Y... 2009.06.20
321Simple viewboxwood/parts/quantity, a quantity of, an amount of, a lot, partially/various/more-important(ly), disorderly Y... 2009.06.20
320Simple viewhigh(ly), bull/bear, corporal/comic(al), panicky/hysteric/fleshy/awful(ly), hysteric, /slash, dare, honey/baby Y... 2009.06.19
319Simple view'oiΛ*a/u/='     obsolescent,  big(ly),   'do ~ have or have ~ got?'  'know about'  defense,   '(not) care less' Y... 2009.06.15
318Simple view'best foot' ugly/clever, plain(ly), banal, dullish, 'girl or woman?'  '-person', man/male,  '-ess' mistress/madam Y... 2009.06.15
317Simple view'iΛa*o/u/='    acknowledgements/sensitive/reasonability/formidable,   once/everyday,   commonly/ordinarily Y... 2009.06.08
316Simple viewroutinely, 'in back of'  back/up, back/v?  capacity,  "first lady"  noblewoman, retaliative, snug(ly), warmish Y... 2009.06.08
315Simple viewelements, near(ly), close(ly), godly,  'free gift?'  free(ly), gam,   'double passive'  abhominable,  likely/liable Y... 2009.06.08
314Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='    imperative/alleviate, wrought/wreak, nuts,  vs/v,  proceeding(s), formality/solemnities, taunt Y... 2009.06.02
313Simple view>> Corrected:                       [aiΛu] /P/pES/adjectives/adverbs,     [aiΛ=/P,  /MS/noun] 11. solemnities Y... 2010.04.25
312Simple viewcalumny/self-complacently, roughish, effect/affect, marque, P.S. give up, quantity of, roaringly/selectable Y... 2009.06.02
311Simple view'iΛ=*a/o/u'  full(y)/party/complicated/certain  'We sure are'  invaluable/priceless/irrevocability/irreversibility Y... 2009.05.26
310Simple view>> Corrected:                                         complicated/complex Y... 2009.08.28
309Simple viewphilosophic/stoic/cool/factualness/blind/luxuriant/intrinsic/organic/ambiguous,    cell phone,   (to) no end, - Y... 2009.05.26
308Simple view'=iΛ*a/o/u'   beg the question,  plead guilty,   teaser, huff and puff, look at, low(ly),  TV,  agree to,  toast Y... 2009.05.22
307Simple view>> Corrected:                                              [=iΛo]/S/aES Y... 2010.11.13
306Simple viewdeadline,   justly, unique, fairly, hang out,  quarter to,  repulsive/repellant,  ceremonious,  foully, reflect on Y... 2009.05.20
305Simple view'uiΛ*a/o/='  vulnerableness/signiificancy/impotency, soundly, bad(ly), bad/uptight/perchance, chance upon Y... 2009.05.15
304Simple view>> Corrections:                    difficultness  >>   exactingness       [uiΛo] Y... 2009.09.16
303Simple viewheadline,  especially/quieten/empathize/heal, await-for, everywhere, long (for), ill-temper, preside (over), - Y... 2009.05.15
302Simple view<<iΛu*a/o/=>>    medicine/pilot/crowd/feign,     'see television'   'hear radio'      lone(li)ly,  'only terrible' Y... 2009.05.11
301Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>   check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
300Simple viewdisorder(ed)ly, check(ed),   chess/check,  'part and parcel'  blatant/outright(ly), 'pillow sham' 'of course' Y... 2009.05.11
299Simple view'Λio*a/u/='     (im)possible/answerable/chargeable/TB/utilize,    'incomparable adj. equal'   'center (on)' - Y... 2009.05.04
298Simple view>> Corrected:                                    [Λio=] /P/pES/adjectives Y... 2010.07.05
297Simple view'very best'  estimate, shy/short,  'sort of',  (im)practicable, proportional, wild(ly), waits,  'check out it' - Y... 2009.05.04
296Simple view'oΛi*a/u/='   exceptional/lowly/fantastical/absurd(ness),  sick and tired,  nauseous/fundament(al)/(re)lax Y... 2009.04.27
295Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
294Simple viewbasic(ity)/organic(ity)/basically/sick(ly)/ID/good(ness)/why/where/entertainment/awful(ly), loads (of), - Y... 2009.04.27
293Simple view'Λia*o/u/='  follow-up, help, old-salt, sacrosanctity/still(y)/tip/anarchic(al)/exhilarative/capture/casino/- Y... 2009.04.20
292Simple view>> Corrections:   [Λiao]/verb   from /T/mES           &           To: Farlex, Inc. thefreedictionary.com Y... 2009.11.02
291Simple view'aΛi*o/u/='      role, act(ion), pro/professor, older/elderly, suss (out), git/gots, transformation, sociable Y... 2009.04.13
290Simple view>> Corrected:                                [aΛio/P,  noun/MS],   [aΛiu] /P/mES/verb,   [aΛi=]/S/mES Y... 2010.11.09
289Simple viewgroup/warm,  send/idioms,  experiment-with,  sure(ly),  absent, away, gone,  certain, convince, proven Y... 2009.04.13
288Simple view'Λi=*a/o/u'    simple/full/inward/inside/fine/soft   'enough glad' 'beautiful something'   else/tight/just/fair Y... 2009.04.06
287Simple viewstraightforward/stiff/firm  'all but' '- could care less' 'all of a sudden'  specialized/quick/swift/technologic Y... 2009.04.06
286Simple view'=Λi*a/o/u'   comprise/consist, fair(ly), 'fair up/off', 'mild (down)', pretty/very, unawarely, (un)aware-of Y... 2009.03.30
285Simple viewbeware,   'nice of/for ~ to do'   'these/all kind(s) of'   eas(il)y,  friend(li)ly,  route,  suspicious,  light(ly) Y... 2009.03.30
284Simple view'Λiu*a/o/='  want-for, wish, whether/if/that/when, but-what/that, would/should, touching/about, social Y... 2009.03.23
283Simple viewtetragraph 'uΛi*a/o/='    English accent/stress,  German/French, never,  'I will make not it',  mean/break Y... 2009.03.17
282Simple viewsimilar-as,  comparable-with,   (in)famous,  fine(ly),  continual,   'let/leave, permit',  'rather: had better' Y... 2009.03.17
281Simple view'a=o, a=Λ, Λ=o'           lit, definitive, optimum,  fortuitous/felicitous,  dairy, absolutely, partly,  passing Y... 2009.03.09
280Simple view>> Corrected:                         [Λ=o] /S/mES & /S/MS,            definitive/definite Y...