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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | brd2 | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, main :::


596 12 View counter   Join Member Login Admin
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   'uΛo, ouΛ, Λua, aΛu'     mammoth,  Howdy?  be-restless/concerned-to,  identify,  a-couple-of,   prep/2
'uΛo, ouΛ, Λua, aΛu'     mammoth,  Howdy?  be-restless/concerned-to,  identify,  a-couple-of,   prep/2

as/so~as, like, as/that/what/since/because,   on/in-behalf-of,  different from/to/than,   prepositions/3


self-government, self-rule, ill-breeding, use-sign-language, take-care-of, easy-going, kind-hearted(ly), open-mindedly, hard-work, to-the-point, to-the-purpose, make-out, oversensitive, bad-tempered, give-someone-a-leg-up,                       <<uΛo, ouΛ, Λua, aΛu>>               mammoth               Howdy? How do you do?         be-restless/concerned-to,                 identify (oneself) with,             a-couple-of,           2/How have English prepositions come into being?

prepositions/3,     as/so ~ as, like, as/that/what, as/since/because,     on/in-behalf-of,              different from/to/than


**       mammoth:         See below       "column 2.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<ouΛ>>,   C"


"self-government";        "self-rule";        "ill-breeding":         See below       "column 1.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<uΛo>>,   A"
"use-sign-language";        "take-care-of":         See below       "column 1.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<uΛo>>,   E"
"easy-going";       "kind-hearted(ly)":         See below       "column 2.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<ouΛ>>,   C"
"open-mindedly":         See below       "column 2.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<ouΛ>>,   D"
"hard-work":         See below       "column 3.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<Λua>>,   A"
"to-the-point";       "to-the-purpose":         See below       "column 3.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<Λua>>,   C"
"make-out":         See below       "column 3.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<Λua>>,   E"
"oversensitive";       "bad-tempered":         See below       "column 4.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<aΛu>>,   C"
"give-someone-a-leg-up":         See below       "column 4.  (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<aΛu>>,   E"


1.   (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<uΛo>>

A)   [uΛo/P,  noun/MS] is pronounced as  “pause"/+-,  "rest"/+bp,  "wait"/+cp”;        and, [uΛo/P/MS/Ch] is pronounced as “halt"/+-,  "lull"/+bp,  "respite"/+cp”  in the chest (circle) /Ch.

If articulating [uΛo]   from /T/MS,      “liberty"/+-,  “autonomy"/+bp,  “independence”/+cp,    and  “sovereignty”/Ch/+-,  “self-government”/Ch/+bp,  “self-rule”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "self-government";         "self-rule"


If articulating [uΛo]   from /C2/MS,         “awkwardness”/+-,  “stiffness”/+bp,  “coarseness”/+cp,  and   “clumsiness”/Ch/+-,  “artlessness”/Ch/+bp,  "ill-breeding”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "ill-breeding"


If articulating [uΛo]   from /S/SS,          “aptitude”/+-,  “capacity”/+bp,  “talent”/+cp,      and   “bent"/Ch/+-,  “tendency”/Ch/+bp,  “knack"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


*  pause [p(=o)h  h=h  z=h];         rest [r(=æ)h  h=h  s=h  t=h  hΛh];         wait [w(=e)h  hih  t=h];               halt [h(=o)h  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  t=h];          lull [l(=Λ)h  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap];         respite [r(=æ)h  h=h  s=h  p=h  hΛh  t=h];

*  liberty [l(i=)h  h=h  b=h  t=h hΛh];        autonomy [ŋ(=o)h  h=h  t=h  n=h  hΛh  m=h];         independence [ŋ(i=)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h  p=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];                    sovereignty [s(=a)h  h=h  v=h  r=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  t=h];          self-government [s(=e)h  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  f=h  g=h  hΛh  v=h  m=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  t=h];           self-rule [s(=æ)h  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  f=h  r=h  hΛh  (h=l)/+Ap];

*  awkwardness [ŋ(=Λ)h  h=h  k=h  d=h  hΛh  n=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  s=h];         stiffness [s(=u)h  h=h  t=h  f=h  hΛh  n=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  s=h];         coarseness [k(=o)h  h=h  s=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];                  clumsiness [k(=u)h  h=h  l=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=m)/+Ap  z=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];           artlessness [ŋ(=a)h  h=h  t=h  l=h  hΛh  s=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];        ill-breeding [ŋ(i=)  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  b=h  r=h  hΛh  d=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap];

*  aptitude [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  t=h  t=h  hΛh  d=h];         capacity [k(=æ)h  h=h  p=h  s=h  hΛh  t=h];         talent [t(=æ)h  h=h  l=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  t=h];                  bent [b(=æ)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  t=h];         tendency [t(=e)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h  hΛh];         knack [n(=æ)h  h=h  k=h];


B)   If articulating [uΛo]   from Korean/P/MS/noun,            “불편(不便)[bul  p(iΛ)n]*[buh  h=h  h=l  p=h  h(iΛ)h  h=n]*[buh  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  p=h]/awkwardness/incommodiousness”/+-,   “부당(不當)[bu  daŋ]*[buh  h=h  d=h  hah  h=ŋ]*[buh  h=h  d=h]/stiffness/impropriety"/+bp,  "난폭(亂暴)[nan  pog]*[nah  h=h  h=n  p=h  hoh  h=g]*[nah  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  p=h]/coarseness/roughness"/+cp,   "서투름[sΛ  tu  r=m]*[qΛh  h=h  t=h  huh  r=h  h=m]*[sΛh  h=h  t=h  r=h  hΛh]/clumsiness"/+-/Ch,   “엉성함[ŋΛŋ  sΛŋ  ham]*[ŋΛh  h=h  h=ŋ  q=h  hΛh  h=ŋ  hah  h=m]*[ŋΛh  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  s=h  ŋ=h  hΛh]/artlessness/slovenliness"/+bp/Ch,   "미숙(未熟)함[mi  sug  ham]*[mih  h=h  q=h  huh  h=g  hah  h=m]*[mih  h=h  s=h  ŋ=h  hΛh]/ill-breeding/immaturity"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


If articulating [uΛo]   from Korean/S/MS,           “소질(素質)[so  zil]*[qoh  h=h  x=h  hih  h=l]*[soh  h=h  z=h]/aptitude"/+-,    "재능(才能)[zæ  n=ŋ]*[xæh  h=h  n=h  h=ŋ]*[zæh  h=h  n=h]/capacity"/+bp,   “솜씨[som  si]*[qoh  h=h  h=m  s=h  hih]*[soh  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap  s=h]/talent"/+cp,   "기호(嗜好)[gi  ho]*[gih  h=h  hoh]*[gih  h=h  ŋ=h]/bent"/+-/Ch,   "버릇[bΛ  r=s]*[bΛh  h=h  r=h  h=s]*[bΛh  h=h  r=h]/tendency"/+bp/Ch,   “특성(特性)[t=g  sΛŋ]/[t=h  h=h  h=g  q=h  hΛh  h=ŋ]/[t=h  h=h  s=h]/knack"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


C)   If articulating [uΛo]   from /P/pES/adjectives,         “alternative"/+-,  “other”/+bp,  “individual”/+cp,    and  “alternate”/+-/Ch,  "separate"/Ch/+bp,  "different"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [uΛo]   from /T/pES,         “hopeful"/+-,  “encouraging”/+bp,  “cheerful”/+cp,    and  “heartening”/+-/Ch,  "rosy"/Ch/+bp,  “auspicious"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛo]   from /C1/SS(SPHENOIDAL sinuses),         “optimistic”/+-,  “positive"/+bp,  "hopeful"/+cp,  and   “confident"/+-/Ch,  “buoyant”/Ch/+bp,  “sanguine"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛo]   from /S/mES,          “canny”/+-,  “careful"/+bp,  “provident"/+cp,      and   “economical”/Ch/+-,  “thrifty”/Ch/+bp,  “sparing"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


D)   If articulating [uΛo]   from /P/SS/adverbs,        "alternatively”/+-,  “rarely”/+bp,  “individually”/+cp,    and  “alternately”/+-/Ch,  “separately”/Ch/+bp,  “differently”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [uΛo]   from /T/SS,         “hopefully"/+-,  "encouragingly”/+bp,  “cheerfully”/+cp,    and  "hearteningly”/+-/Ch,  “rosily"/Ch/+bp,  “auspiciously"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛo]   from /C2/pES,          "optimistically”/+-,  “positively"/+bp,  “hopefully”/+cp,  and   “confidently”/+-/Ch,  “buoyantly”/Ch/+bp,    “sanguinely”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛo]   from /S/MS (MAXILLARY sinuses),           “cannily”/+-,  "carefully"/+bp,  “providently"/+cp,          and   “economically”/+-/Ch,  “thriftily”/Ch/+bp,  “sparingly”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


E)   If articulating [uΛo]   from /P/mES/verb,       “sign"/+-,  "signal"/+bp,  “gesture”/+cp,    and  “wave"/Ch/+-,  “indicate”/Ch/+bp,  “use-sign-language"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**        "use-sign-language"


If articulating [uΛo]   from /T/mES,        “save"/+-,  “take-care-of"/+bp,  “keep”/+cp,    and  “salvage”/Ch/+-,  "guard”/Ch/+bp,  "protect”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "take-care-of"


If articulating [uΛo]   from /C1/mES,       “challenge”/+-,  “question”/+bp,  “suspect"/+cp,         and   “query”/Ch/+-,  “doubt”/Ch/+bp,  “mistrust”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [uΛo]   from /S/aES (ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses),        “publish”/+-,  “declare”/+bp,  “advertise"/+cp,    and  “reveal”/Ch/+-,  “announce”/Ch/+bp,  “communicate”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


2.   (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<ouΛ>>

A)   [ouΛ/P,  noun/MS] is pronounced as  “cut"/+-,  "nick"/+bp,  "rip"/+cp”;        and, [ouΛ/P/MS/Ch] is pronounced as “stroke"/+-,  "slit"/+bp,  "slash"/+cp”  in the chest (circle) /Ch.

If articulating [ouΛ]   from /T/MS,      “service"/+-,  “rite"/+bp,  “function”/+cp,    and  “ceremony”/Ch/+-,  “worship”/Ch/+bp,  “observance”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [ouΛ]   from /C2/MS,         “happiness”/+-,  “joy”/+bp,  “enjoyment”/+cp,  and   “delight”/Ch/+-,  “ecstasy”/Ch/+bp,  "felicity”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [ouΛ]   from /S/SS,          “tendency”/+-,  “bent”/+bp,  “disposition”/+cp,      and   “readiness"/Ch/+-,  “penchant”/Ch/+bp,  “leaning"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


*  cut [k(=Λ)h  h=h  t=h];         nick [n(i=)h  h=h  k=h];         rip [r(i=)h  h=h  p=h];               stroke [s(=u)h  h=h  t=h  r=h  hΛh  k=h];          slit [s(=u)h  h=h  l=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  t=h];         slash [s(=u)h  h=h  l=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  s=h];

*  service [s(=æ)h  h=h  v=h  s=h  hΛh];        rite [r(=a)h  hih  t=h];         function [f(=Λ)h  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  s=h  (h=n)/+Ap];                    ceremony [s(=æ)h  h=h  r=h  m=h  hΛh  n=h];          worship [w(=Λ)h  h=h  s=h];           observance [ŋ(=a)h  h=h  z=h  b=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];

*  happiness [h(=æ)h  h=h  p=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];         joy [z(=o)h  h=h];         enjoyment [ŋ(=e)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  z=h  m=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  t=h];                  delight [d(=æ)h  h=h  l=h  t=h  hΛh];           ecstasy [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  s=h  t=h  hΛh  s=h];        felicity [f(=æ)  h=h  l=h  s=h  hΛh  t=h];

*  tendency [t(=æ)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];         bent [b(=æ)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  t=h];         disposition [d(i=)h  h=h  s=h  p=h  hΛh  z=h  s=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap];                  readiness [r(=æ)h  h=h  d=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];         penchant [p(=æ)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  c=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  t=h];         leaning [l(i=)h  h=h  n=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap];


B)   If articulating [ouΛ]   from Korean/P/MS/noun,            “행운(幸運)[hæŋ  w=n]*[hæh  h=h  h=ŋ  w=h  h=n]*[hæh  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  w=h]/happiness/luck”/+-,   “환희(歡喜)[h(oa)n  h(=i)]*[h(oa)h  h=h  h=n  h(=i)h]*[h(oa)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  ŋ=h]/joy/jubilation"/+bp,  "쾌락(快樂)[k(oæ)  rag]*[k(oæ)h  h=h  r=h  hah  h=g]*[k(oæ)h  h=h  r=h]/enjoyment/pleasure"/+cp,   "유쾌(愉快)[y=  k(oæ)]*[y=h  h=h  k=h  h(oæ)h]*[y=h  h=h  k=h]/delight/merriment"/+-/Ch,   “광희(狂喜)[g(oa)ŋ  h(=i)]*[g(oa)h  h=h  h=ŋ  h(=i)h]*[g(oa)h  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  ŋ=h]/ecstasy/rapture"/+bp/Ch,   "지복(至福)[zi  bog]*[xih  h=h  b=h  hoh  h=g]*[zih  h=h  b=h]/felicity/beatitude"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


If articulating [ouΛ]   from Korean/S/MS,           “성향(性向)[sΛŋ  h(ia)ŋ]*[qΛh  h=h  h=ŋ  h(ia)h  h=ŋ]*[sΛh  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  ŋ=h]/tendency"/+-,    "경향(傾向)[g(iΛ)ŋ  h(ia)ŋ]*[g(iΛ)h  h=h  h=ŋ  h(ia)h  h=ŋ]*[g(iΛ)h  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  ŋ=h]/bent"/+bp,   “취향(趣向)[c(ui)  h(ia)ŋ]*[c(ui)h  h=h  h(ia)h  h=ŋ]*[c(ui)h  h=h  ŋ=h]/disposition/liking"/+cp,   "기꺼이-하기[gi  gΛ  ŋi  ha  gi]*[gih  h=h  g=h  hΛh  ŋ=h  hih  hah  g=h  hih]*[gih  h=h  g=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  g=h]/readiness/willingness"/+-/Ch,   "편벽(偏僻)되게-좋아하기[p(iΛ)n  b(iΛ)g  d(oi)  ge  zo  ŋa  ha  gi]*[p(iΛ)h  h=h  h=n  b=h  h(iΛ)h  h=g  d=h  h(oi)h  g=h  heh  x=h  hoh  ŋ=h  hah  hah  g=h  hih]*[p(iΛ)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  b=h  d=h  hΛh  g=h  z=h  hΛh  ŋ=h  g=h  hΛh]/penchant"/+bp/Ch,   “편애(偏愛)[p(iΛ)n  ŋæ]/[p(iΛ)h  h=h  h=n  ŋ=h  hæh]/[p(iΛ)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  ŋ=h]/leaning"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


C)   If articulating [ouΛ]   from /P/pES/adjectives,         “tolerant"/+-,  “fair”/+bp,  “easy-going”/+cp,    and  “lax”/+-/Ch,  "kind-hearted"/Ch/+bp,  "unbigoted"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "easy-going";         "kind-hearted"


If articulating [ouΛ]   from /T/pES,         “anxious"/+-,  “restless”/+bp,  “concerned”/+cp,    and  “edgy”/+-/Ch,  "distressed"/Ch/+bp,  “neurotic"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [ouΛ]   from /C1/SS(SPHENOIDAL sinuses),         “possible”/+-,  “likely"/+bp,  "conceivable"/+cp,  and   “believable"/+-/Ch,  “imaginable”/Ch/+bp,  “hypothetical"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [ouΛ]   from /S/mES,          “formidable”/+-,  “daunting"/+bp,  “taxing"/+cp,      and   “mammoth”/Ch/+-,  “arduous”/Ch/+bp,  “challenging"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**      mammoth:      Siberian language??
http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_/mammoth.html ,    
Word History:      In its original Siberian language (possibly Ostyak) mammoth meant literally "earth, soil": the first remains of mammoths to be found were dug out of the frozen soil of Siberia, and it came to be believed that the animals burrowed in the earth. The adjectival use of mammoth for "huge" dates from the early 19th century.
 
*     But we now know     that "mammoth" is   not Siberian but  English.


D)   If articulating [ouΛ]   from /P/SS/adverbs,        "tolerantly”/+-,  “fairly”/+bp,  “comfortably”/+cp,    and  “laxly”/+-/Ch,  “kind-heartedly”/Ch/+bp,  “open-mindedly”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "open-mindedly"


If articulating [ouΛ]   from /T/SS,         “anxiously"/+-,  "restlessly”/+bp,  “concernedly”/+cp,    and  "edgily”/+-/Ch,  “nervously"/Ch/+bp,  “neurotically"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [ouΛ]   from /C2/pES,          "possibly”/+-,  “suitably"/+bp,  “conceivably”/+cp,  and   “believably”/+-/Ch,  “imaginably”/Ch/+bp,    “hypothetically”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [ouΛ]   from /S/MS (MAXILLARY sinuses),           “formidably”/+-,  "dauntingly"/+bp,  “taxingly"/+cp,          and   “enormously”/+-/Ch,  “arduously”/Ch/+bp,  “challengingly”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


E)   If articulating [ouΛ]   from /P/mES/verb,       “fight"/+-,  "dispute"/+bp,  “contest”/+cp,    and  "withstand"/Ch/+-,  “oppose”/Ch/+bp,  “defy"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [ouΛ]   from /T/mES,        “shake"/+-,  “shudder"/+bp,  “tremble”/+cp,    and  “quiver”/Ch/+-,  "quake”/Ch/+bp,  "shiver”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [ouΛ]   from /C1/mES,       “fine”/+-,  “charge”/+bp,  “chastise"/+cp,         and   “punish”/Ch/+-,  “chasten”/Ch/+bp,  “penalize”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [ouΛ]   from /S/aES (ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses),        “renew”/+-,  “update”/+bp,  “streamline"/+cp,    and  “revise”/Ch/+-,  “overhaul”/Ch/+bp,  “amend”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


3.   (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<Λua>>

A)   [Λua/P,  noun/MS] is pronounced as  “aptitude"/+-,  "leaning"/+bp,  "aptness"/+cp”;        and, [Λua/P/MS/Ch] is pronounced as “knack"/+-,  "giftedness"/+bp,  "proneness"/+cp”  in the chest (circle) /Ch.

If articulating [Λua]   from /T/MS,      “silence"/+-,  “peace"/+bp,  “calm”/+cp,    and  “stillness”/Ch/+-,  “noiselessness”/Ch/+bp,  “quiescence”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [Λua]   from /C2/MS,         “application”/+-,  “work”/+bp,  “effort”/+cp,  and   “labor”/Ch/+-,  “hard-work”/Ch/+bp,  "dedication”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**      "hard-work"


If articulating [Λua]   from /S/SS,          “thickness”/+-,  “consistence”/+bp,  “body”/+cp,      and   “gaseousness"/Ch/+-,  “thinness”/Ch/+bp,  “solidity"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


*  aptitude [ŋæh  h=h  t=h  t=h  hΛh  d=h];         leaning [l(i=)h  h=h  n=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap];         aptness [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  t=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];               knack [n(=æ)h  h=h  k=h];          giftedness [g(i=)h  h=h  f=h  t=h  hΛh  d=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];         proneness [p(=u)h  h=h  r=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];

*  silence [s(=a)h  h=h  l=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];        peace [pih  h=h  s=h];         calm [kah  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap];                    stillness [s(=u)h  h=h  t=h  (h=l)/+Ap  n=h  hΛh  s=h];          noiselessness [n(=o)h  h=h  z=h  l=h  hΛh  s=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];           quiescence [k(=a)h  hih  ŋ=h  s=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];

*  application [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  p=h  l=h  hΛh  k=h  s=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap];         work [w(=Λ)h  h=h  k=h];         effort [ŋ(=e)h  h=h  f=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  t=h];                  labor [l(=æ)h  hih  b=h  ŋ=h  hΛh];           hard-work [h(=a)h  h=h  d=h  w=h  hΛh  k=h];        dedication [d(=æ)  h=h  d=h  k=h  hΛh  s=h  (h=n)/+Ap];

*  thickness [s(i=)h  h=h  k=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];         consistence [k(=a)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h  t=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];         body [b(=a)h  h=h  d=h];                  gaseousness [g(=æ)h  h=h  s=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  s=h  n=h  hΛh  s=h];         thinness [s(i=)h  h=h  n=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  s=h];         solidity [s(=a)h  h=h  l=h  d=h  hΛh  t=h];


B)   If articulating [Λua]   from Korean/P/MS/noun,            “사용(使用)[sa  yoŋ]*[qah  h=h  y=h  hoh  h=ŋ]*[sah  h=h  y=h]/application”/+-,   “수고[su  go]*[quh  h=h  g=h  hoh]*[suh  h=h  g=h]/work/toil"/+bp,  "진력(盡力)[zin  l(iΛ)g]*[xih  h=h  h=n  l=h  h(iΛ)h  h=g]*[zih  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  l=h]/effort"/+cp,   "노무(勞務)[no  mu]*[noh  h=h  m=h  huh]*[noh  h=h  m=h]/labor"/+-/Ch,   “노역(勞役)[no  yΛg]*[noh  h=h  y=h  hΛh  h=g]*[noh  h=h  y=h]/hard-work"/+bp/Ch,   "전념(專念)[zΛn  n(iΛ)m]*[xΛh  h=h  h=n  n=h  h(iΛ)h  h=m]*[zΛh  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  n=h]/dedication"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


If articulating [Λua]   from Korean/S/MS,           “밀생(密生)[mil  sæŋ]*[mih  h=h  h=l  q=h  hæh  h=ŋ]*[mih  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  s=h]/thickness"/+-,    "밀도(密度)[mil  do]*[mih  h=h  h=l  d=h  hoh]*[mih  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  d=h]/consistence/density"/+bp,   “점성(粘性)[zΛm  sΛŋ]*[xΛh  h=h  h=m  q=h  hΛh  h=ŋ]*[zΛh  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap  s=h]/body/viscosity"/+cp,   "기체상태(氣體狀態)[gi  ce  saŋ  tæ]*[gih  h=h  c=h  heh  q=h  hah  h=ŋ  t=h  hæh]*[gih  h=h  c=h  s=h  hΛh  t=h]/gaseousness"/+-/Ch,   "희박(稀薄)[h(=i)  bag]*[h(=i)h  h=h  b=h  hah  h=g]*[h(=i)h  h=h  b=h]/thinness"/+bp/Ch,   “부피[bu  pi]/[buh  h=h  p=h  hih]/[buh  h=h  p=h]/solidity/volume"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


C)   If articulating [Λua]   from /P/pES/adjectives,         “appropriate"/+-,  “right”/+bp,  “apt”/+cp,    and  “relevant”/+-/Ch,  "fitting"/Ch/+bp,  "to-the-point"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**        "to-the-point"


If articulating [Λua]   from /T/pES,         “applicable"/+-,  “apposite”/+bp,  “apropos”/+cp,    and  “to-the-purpose”/+-/Ch,  "fit"/Ch/+bp,  “suited"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**        "to-the-purpose"


If articulating [Λua]   from /C1/SS(SPHENOIDAL sinuses),         “accidental”/+-,  “casual"/+bp,  "fortuitous"/+cp,  and   “random"/+-/Ch,  “chance”/Ch/+bp,  “serendipitous"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [Λua]   from /S/mES,          “terrible”/+-,  “shocking"/+bp,  “monstrous"/+cp,      and   “frightful”/Ch/+-,  “hellacious”/Ch/+bp,  “dread"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


D)   If articulating [Λua]   from /P/SS/adverbs,        "appropriately”/+-,  “rightly”/+bp,  “aptly”/+cp,    and  “relevantly”/+-/Ch,  “fittingly”/Ch/+bp,  “pertinently”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [Λua]   from /T/SS,         “applicably"/+-,  "appositely”/+bp,  “timely”/+cp,    and  "purposefully”/+-/Ch,  “fitly"/Ch/+bp,  “suitably"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [Λua]   from /C2/pES,          "accidentally”/+-,  “casually"/+bp,  “fortuitously”/+cp,  and   “randomly”/+-/Ch,  “unexpectedly”/Ch/+bp,    “serendipitously”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [Λua]   from /S/MS (MAXILLARY sinuses),           “terribly”/+-,  "shockingly"/+bp,  “monstrously"/+cp,          and   “frightfully”/+-/Ch,  “hellaciously”/Ch/+bp,  “dreadfully”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


E)   If articulating [Λua]   from /P/mES/verb,       “tame"/+-,  "curb"/+bp,  “subdue”/+cp,    and  "master"/Ch/+-,  “conquer”/Ch/+bp,  “subjugate"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [Λua]   from /T/mES,        “argue"/+-,  “dispute"/+bp,  “fight”/+cp,    and  “bicker”/Ch/+-,  "feud”/Ch/+bp,  "quarrel”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [Λua]   from /C1/mES,       “identify”/+-,  “name”/+bp,  “label"/+cp,         and   “pinpoint”/Ch/+-,  “make-out”/Ch/+bp,  “catalogue”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "make-out"


If articulating [Λua]   from /S/aES (ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses),        “ache”/+-,  “pain”/+bp,  “burn"/+cp,    and  “suffer”/Ch/+-,  “sting”/Ch/+bp,  “pound”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


4.   (Trigraph-type) seed??  <<aΛu>>

A)   [aΛu/P,  noun/MS] is pronounced as  “change"/+-,  "exchange"/+bp,  "trade"/+cp”;        and, [aΛu/P/MS/Ch] is pronounced as “swap"/+-,  "interchange"/+bp,  "substitution"/+cp”  in the chest (circle) /Ch.

If articulating [aΛu]   from /T/MS,      “couple"/+-,  “two"/+bp,  “span”/+cp,    and  “pair”/Ch/+-,  “duo”/Ch/+bp,  “twain”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [aΛu]   from /C2/MS,         “sake”/+-,  “cause”/+bp,  “objective”/+cp,  and   “aim”/Ch/+-,  “motive”/Ch/+bp,  "end”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [aΛu]   from /S/SS,          “pickle”/+-,  “spot”/+bp,  “difficulty”/+cp,      and   “jam"/Ch/+-,  “fix”/Ch/+bp,  “scrape"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


*  change [cæh  hih  (h=n)/+Ap  z=h];         exchange [ŋæh  h=h  s=h  c=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  z=h];         trade [t(=u)h  h=h  r=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  d=h];               swap [s(=u)h  h=h  w=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  p=h];          interchange [ŋ(i=)h  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  t=h  c=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  z=h];         substitution [s(=Λ)h  h=h  s=h  t=h  hΛh  t=h  s=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap];

*  couple [k(=Λ)h  h=h  p=h  (h=l)/+Ap];        two [t(=u)h  h=h];         span [s(=u)h  h=h  p=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap];                    pair [p(=æ)h  h=h  ŋ=h  ŋ=h  hΛh];          duo [d(=u)h  h=h  ŋ=h  ŋ=h  hΛh];           twain [t(=u)h  hih  ŋ=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  (h=n)/+Ap  s=h];

*  sake [s(=æ)h  hih  k=h];         cause [k(=Λ)h  h=h  z=h];         objective [ŋ(=a)h  h=h  z=h  t=h  hΛh  b=h];                  aim [ŋ(=æ)h  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap];           motive [m(=o)h  h=h  t=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  b=h];        end [ŋ(=æ)  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  d=h];

*  pickle [p(i=)h  h=h  k=h  (h=l)/+Ap];         spot [s(=u)h  h=h  p=h  ŋ=h  hΛh  t=h];         difficulty [d(i=)h  h=h  f=h  k=h  hΛh  (h=l)/+Ap  t=h];                  jam [z(=æ)h  h=h  (h=m)/+Ap];         fix [f(i=)h  h=h  s=h];         scrape [s(=u)h  h=h  k=h  r=h  hΛh  p=h];


B)   If articulating [aΛu]   from Korean/P/MS/noun,            “이익(利益)[ŋi  ŋig]*[ŋih  h=h  ŋ=h  hih  h=g]*[ŋih  h=h  ŋ=h]/sake/profit”/+-,   “원인(原因)[wΛn  ŋin]*[wΛh  h=h  h=n  ŋ=h  hih  h=n]*[wΛh  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  ŋ=h]/cause"/+bp,  "목표(目標)[mog  p(io)]*[moh  h=h  h=g  p=h  h(io)h]*[moh  h=h  p=h]/objective"/+cp,   "의도(意圖)[ŋ(=i)  do]*[ŋ(=i)h  h=h  d=h  hoh]*[ŋ(=i)h  h=h  d=h]/aim/intention"/+-/Ch,   “동기(動機)[doŋ  gi]*[doh  h=h  h=ŋ  g=h  hih]*[doh  h=h  (h=ŋ)/+Ap  g=h]/motive"/+bp/Ch,   "목적(目的)[mog  zΛg]*[moh  h=h  h=g  x=h  hΛh  h=g]*[moh  h=h  z=h]/end/purpose"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


If articulating [aΛu]   from Korean/S/MS,           “궁지(窮地)[guŋ  zi]*[guh  h=h  h=ŋ  x=h  hih]*[guh  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  z=h]/pickle/predicament"/+-,    "결점(缺點)[g(iΛ)l  zΛm]*[g(iΛ)h  h=h  h=l  x=h  hΛh  h=m]*[g(iΛ)h  h=h  (h=l)/+Ap  z=h]/spot/defect"/+bp,   “곤란(困難)[gon  lan]*[goh  h=h  h=n  l=h  hah  h=n]*[goh  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  l=h]/difficulty"/+cp,   "난처(難處)한-처지(處地)[nan  cΛ  han  cΛ  zi]*[nah  h=h  h=n  c=h  hΛh  hah  h=n  c=h  hΛh  x=h  hih]*[nah  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  c=h  c=h  hΛh  z=h]/jam/dilemma"/+-/Ch,   "난관(難關)[nan  g(oa)n]*[nah  h=h  h=n  g=h  h(oa)h  h=n]*[nah  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  g=h]/fix/deadlock"/+bp/Ch,   “곤경(困境)[gon  g(iΛ)ŋ]/[goh  h=h  h=n  g=h  h(iΛ)h  h=ŋ]/[goh  h=h  (h=n)/+Ap  g=h]/scrape/straits"/+cp/Ch are pronounced.


C)   If articulating [aΛu]   from /P/pES/adjectives,         “quick"/+-,  “rapid”/+bp,  “brisk”/+cp,    and  “swift”/+-/Ch,  "fleet"/Ch/+bp,  "hasty"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [aΛu]   from /T/pES,         “tight"/+-,  “sealed”/+bp,  “watertight”/+cp,    and  “proof”/+-/Ch,  "hermetic"/Ch/+bp,  “sound"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [aΛu]   from /C1/SS(SPHENOIDAL sinuses),         “touchy”/+-,  “oversensitive"/+bp,  "bad-tempered"/+cp,  and   “grumpy"/+-/Ch,  “petulant”/Ch/+bp,  “surly"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**        "oversensitive";           "bad-tempered"


If articulating [aΛu]   from /S/mES,          “secret”/+-,  “hidden"/+bp,  “disguised"/+cp,      and   “covered”/Ch/+-,  “unseen"/Ch/+bp,  “camouflaged"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


D)   If articulating [aΛu]   from /P/SS/adverbs,        "quickly”/+-,  “rapidly”/+bp,  “briskly”/+cp,    and  “swiftly”/+-/Ch,  “fleetly”/Ch/+bp,  “hastily”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [aΛu]   from /T/SS,         “tightly"/+-,  "irrevocably”/+bp,  “flawlessly”/+cp,    and  "imperviously”/+-/Ch,  “hermetically"/Ch/+bp,  “soundly"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [aΛu]   from /C2/pES,          "touchily”/+-,  “sensitively"/+bp,  “bad-temperedly”/+cp,  and   “grumpily”/+-/Ch,  “petulantly”/Ch/+bp,    “surlily”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [aΛu]   from /S/MS (MAXILLARY sinuses),           “secretly”/+-,  "obscurely"/+bp,  “disguisedly"/+cp,          and   “unfamiliarly”/+-/Ch,  “namelessly”/Ch/+bp,  “inconspicuously”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


E)   If articulating [aΛu]   from /P/mES/verb,       “catch"/+-,  "seize"/+bp,  “grab”/+cp,    and  "fasten"/Ch/+-,  “get”/Ch/+bp,  “snatch"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

If articulating [aΛu]   from /T/mES,        “pick"/+-,  “gather"/+bp,  “pull”/+cp,    and  “cut”/Ch/+-,  "pluck”/Ch/+bp,  "garner”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [aΛu]   from /C1/mES,       “push”/+-,  “move”/+bp,  “elbow"/+cp,         and   “shove”/Ch/+-,  “inch”/Ch/+bp,  “squeeze”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
If articulating [aΛu]   from /S/aES (ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses),        “help”/+-,  “back”/+bp,  “assist"/+cp,    and  “befriend”/Ch/+-,  “encourage”/Ch/+bp,  “give-someone-a-leg-up”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


**       "give-someone-a-leg-up"


5.  Howdy?       How do you do?

*    When articulating    "How-do-you-do"       (as a)     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,       "against" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.              

When articulating "How-do-you-do"     (as a word,    continuously,  without pause)    with/from /T speaking posture        (tensing the mid point between the SPHENOIDAL sinuses /SS    for pronunciation of “adverb”),       "Howdy" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


6.     be  restless/concerned to

Re:    Article of    "seldom/sure:  why not aux. v.?   Verbal   go (a)fishing   'be to'  afire  mine/yours   phrase"         <<Column 1.  seldom/perhaps/sure/habitually:     if so, why not auxiliary verbs?>>
Article of    "numbers/sP,  Seed?? <<t>>.  Modal aux. v.??   Liaison-hole  Inf./ger. & prosody"         <<Column 5.  INFINITIVE/GERUND??>>
Article of    "<<a=i, Λ=i, o=i, u=i>>  identify(v.intr?),  be-anxious/eager/dying/ardent/yearning-to,  Sylvia,  angry-at"         <<Column 6.  "be anxious to"/angrily;  "be eager to"/urgently;  "be dying to"/desperately;  "be ardent to"/sincerely;  "be yearning to"/piously>>

be restless to        :   (discontentedly/S/Ch + t/P/Ch)
be concerned to     :   (worryingly/S/Ch + t/P/Ch)

(“discontentedly”/T/Ch + t/P/Ch);
XX                   (noun;      the MAXILLARY sinuses /MS)
discontentedly       (adverb;      the SPHENOIDAL sinuses /SS);        
XX                   (adjective;      the POSTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /pES)

**   (discontentedly/S/Ch + t/P/Ch);
XX                   (noun;  the SPHENOIDAL sinuses /SS)
“be restless to”  <<  be-restless-to      (adverb;   the MAXILLARY sinuses /MS);        “edgily”/T,  “jumpily”/P,  “fitfully”/C2
XX                  (adjective;   the MIDDLE Ethmoidal sinuses /mES)


(“worryingly”/T/Ch + t/P/Ch);
XX                   (noun;      the MAXILLARY sinuses /MS)
worryingly           (adverb;      the SPHENOIDAL sinuses /SS);        
XX                   (adjective;      the POSTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /pES)

**   (worryingly/S/Ch + t/P/Ch);
XX                   (noun;  the SPHENOIDAL sinuses /SS)
“be concerned to”  <<  be-concerned-to      (adverb;   the MAXILLARY sinuses /MS);        “caringly”/T,  “attentively”/P,  “solicitously”/C2
XX                  (adjective;   the MIDDLE Ethmoidal sinuses /mES)


7.    identify (oneself) with
http://www.answers.com/identify ,    
Usage Note:         In the sense "to associate or affiliate (oneself) closely with a person or group,"      identify suggests a psychological empathy with the feelings or experiences of another person,     as in Most young readers of The Catcher in the Rye will readily identify (or identify themselves) with Holden Caulfield.        This usage derives originally from psychoanalytic writing,   where it has a specific technical meaning,     but like other terms from that field, it was widely regarded as jargon when introduced into wider use.        In particular, some critics seized on the fact that in this sense the verb was often used intransitively, with no reflexive pronoun.        In recent years, however, this use of identify with without the reflexive has become standard and may have become even more conventional than the reflexive construction.        Eighty-two percent of the Usage Panel accepts the sentence I find it hard to identify with any of his characters,    whereas only 63 percent now accepts this same usage when the reflexive pronoun is used,     as in I find it hard to identify myself with any of his characters.

**      "identify" is transitive verb when spoken with/from /C1 posture      and intransitive verb when spoken with/from /T posture.


8.   a couple of

http://www.answers.com/couple ,  
Usage Note:       When used to refer to two people who function socially as a unit, as in a married couple,   the word couple may take either a singular or a plural verb,    depending on whether the members are considered individually or collectively:       The couple were married last week.      Only one couple was left on the dance floor.         When a pronoun follows, they and their are more common than it and its:     The couple decided to spend their (less commonly its) vacation in Florida.         Using a singular verb and a plural pronoun, as in The couple wants their children to go to college, is widely considered to be incorrect.         Care should be taken that the verb and pronoun agree in number:      The couple want their children to go to college.          •Although the phrase a couple of has been well established in English since before the Renaissance,       modern critics have sometimes maintained that a couple of is too inexact to be appropriate in formal writing.       But the inexactitude of a couple of may serve a useful purpose,   suggesting that the writer is indifferent to the precise number of items involved.          Thus the sentence She lives only a couple of miles away implies not only that the distance is short but that its exact measure is unimportant.          This usage should be considered unobjectionable on all levels of style.            •The of in the phrase a couple of is often dropped in speech,      but this omission is usually considered a mistake, especially in formal contexts.           Three-fourths of the Usage Panel finds the sentence I read a couple books over vacation to be unacceptable;       however, another 20% of the Panel finds the sentence to be acceptable in informal speech and writing.

**liaison-hole/LH:      "I read a couple ^of^ books" is pronounced as "I read a couple books."

In reality/origin,   "a-couple-of" and "a-few" are not idiom (of multiple words) but simple words (of /T):        GRECOnglish/GC linguists coined (idiom-like) "a-couple-of" and "a-few" for simple words which are same with "some" in phonetic origin.

English-mother-tongue people speak "a-couple-of" as  (not idiom but)  a word    and always speak    not "I read a couple books"    but "I read a couple of books";            but, English-prosody-excellent/correct foreigners (including GRECOnglish/GC speaking people) will articulate "a-couple-of"   as  (not a word  but)   an idiom of three words    and (unconsciously) come to pronounce    not "I read a couple of books"    but "I read a couple books"     by principle/symptom of liaison-hole/LH.


9.            English prepositions/2            How have English prepositions come into being?

A)     around

http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_/around.html ,      
>>        8. preposition so as to avoid: so as to sidestep or otherwise avoid something unpleasant or difficult
finally found a way around the problem;     finally found a way and-avoided the problem

Re:      Article of    " 'uΛa, auΛ, uΛ=, =uΛ'    infer/imply,  'walk/go/hike/etc.' as v.tr.?  Coke,    English prepositions/1"      <<Column 8.   How have English prepositions come into being?      A)  "about">>

*     When articulating "and-avoid"   ("and-avoided",    or    "and-avoiding"     as a word)     as a preposition   (tensing the mid point between the ANTERIOR Ethmoidal sinuses /aES)    from/with /T speaking posture,      "around" is automatically metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


http://www.answers.com/around ,      
>>    1. On all sides of:       trees around the field.
2. In such a position as to encircle or surround:        a sash around the waist.

*    When articulating    "round"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "around" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

    
>>     3.  a. Here and there within;      throughout:      on the political stump around the country.

*    When articulating    "throughout"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "round" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.               And when articulating    "round"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "around" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    b. In the immediate vicinity of; near:         She lives around Norfolk.

*    When articulating    "in-the-vicinity-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "around" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>   4. On or to the farther side of:        the house around the corner.

*    When articulating    "on-the-side-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "around" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>   6. Approximately at: woke up around seven.

*    When articulating    "about-at"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "around" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>   7. In such a way as to have a basis or center in:       an economy focused around farming and light industry.

*    When articulating    "with-regard-to"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "around" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


B)    as

http://www.answers.com/as ,    
1. In the role, capacity, or function of:             acting as a mediator.
2. In a manner similar to;      the same as:          On this issue they thought as one.

*    When articulating    "in-the-function-of"     or     "like"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "as" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


C)    aside

When articulating    "beyond (it)"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "aside" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


D)    at

When articulating    "on"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "at" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced;               that is, "at" is/seems  (not true/genuine English/TE  but)    GRECOnglish/GC word,      since "at" can not be spoken in any English-speaking posture.


E)    athwart

When articulating    "across"    or    "contrary-to"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "athwart" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


F)    atop

When articulating    "on-top-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "atop" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


G)    barring
http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_/barring.html ,    
Barring delays, we'll arrive this afternoon.

When articulating    "except-for"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "barring" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


H)    before

When articulating    "in-front-of"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "before" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


I)    behind

When articulating    "at-the-rear-of"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "behind" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


J)    below

When articulating    "lower-than"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "below" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


K)    beneath

When articulating    "below"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "beneath" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


L)    beside
http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_/beside.html ,    
Sit beside me.
handsome beside his brother
in another dictionary beside this one
http://www.answers.com/beside ,  
a remark that was beside the point.
everyone except me

When articulating    "at-side-of",      "compared-with",    "in-addition-to",      "irrelevant-to"      or     "except"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "beside" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


M)   besides

When articulating    "beside"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "besides" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://www.answers.com/besides ,      
Usage Note:       Some critics argue that beside and besides should be kept distinct when they are used as prepositions.        According to that argument, beside is used only to mean "at the side of," as in There was no one in the seat beside me.      For the meanings "in addition to" and "except for" besides should be used:      Besides replacing the back stairs, she fixed the broken banister.        No one besides Smitty would say a thing like that.         But this distinction is often ignored, even by widely respected writers.        While it is true that besides can never mean "at the side of," beside regularly appears in print in place of besides.         Using beside in this way can be ambiguous, however; the sentence There was no one beside him at the table could mean that he had the table to himself or that the seats next to him were not occupied. See Usage Note at together.

http://encarta.msn.com/dictionary_1861590142/beside.html ,    
Word Usage
beside or besides?
Beside is a preposition referring to physical position:        Come and sit beside me.        It is also used to mean "in addition to,"       although this can lead to confusion with the meaning "at the side of." Besides is an adverb meaning "what is more" or "in addition":      It's late, and besides, the weather's too cold.;      I've money to live on, and plenty more besides.            It is also a preposition meaning "in addition to":     There are other people involved besides us.        Note that besides is inclusive,    whereas except is exclusive,     so that Besides Larry, we'll invite John, Jake, and Renée means that Larry is also invited, whereas They are all invited except Larry means that Larry is not invited.
 

N)    beyond

When articulating    "past"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "beyond" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


O)    but
http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/but[2] ,    
1 a: with the exception of : barring     <no one there but me> — compare {h,1}but 2c       b: other than      <this letter is nothing but an insult>
2Scottish a: without , lacking b: outside

When articulating    "other-than"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "but" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://www.answers.com/but ,      
Usage Note:      Traditional grammarians have worried over what form the pronoun ought to take when but is used to indicate an exception in sentences such as     No one but I (or No one but me) has read it.         Some have argued that but is a conjunction in these sentences and therefore should be followed by the nominative form I.        However, many of these grammarians have gone on to argue somewhat inconsistently that the accusative form me is appropriate when the but phrase occurs at the end of a sentence,     as in No one has read it but me.         While this treatment of the construction has a considerable weight of precedent on its side and cannot be regarded as incorrect, a strong case can be made on grammatical grounds for treating this use of but as a preposition.        For one thing, if but were truly a conjunction here, we would expect the verb to agree in person and number with the noun or pronoun following but;      we would then say No one but the students have read it.        What is more, if but were a true conjunction here we would not expect that it could be moved to the end of a clause, as in No one has read it but the students.         Note that we cannot use the conjunction and in a similar way, saying John left and everyone else in the class in place of John and everyone else in the class left.           These observations suggest that but is best considered as a preposition here and followed by accusative forms such as me and them in all positions:       No one but me has read it.     No one has read it but me.          These recommendations are supported by 73 percent of the Usage Panel when the but phrase precedes the verb and by 93 percent when the but phrase follows the verb.        •But is redundant when used together with however, as in But the army, however, went on with its plans; one or the other word should be eliminated.       •But is generally not followed by a comma.         Correct written style requires Kim wanted to go, but we stayed, not Kim wanted to go, but, we stayed.         •But may be used to begin a sentence at all levels of style.        See Usage Notes at and, cannot, doubt, however, I1.


P)    by

http://www.thefreedictionary.com/by ,    
>>     1. Close to; next to:          the window by the door.

*    When articulating    "next-to"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     2. With the use or help of; through:       We came by the back road.
10. Used to indicate a succession of specified individuals, groups, or quantities        One by one they left.       They were persuaded little by little.
11.  c. Toward. Used to express direction with points of the compass:     south by east.

*    When articulating    "on"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    3. Up to and beyond; past:        We drove by the house.       <went right by him>

*    When articulating    "near-and-beyond"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    4. In the period of; during:         sleeping by day.

*    When articulating    "in-the-period-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/+bp speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    5. Not later than:         by 5:30 p.m.

*    When articulating    "up-to"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    6. a. In the amount of:        letters by the thousands.

*    When articulating    "in-the-number-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    b. To the extent of:        shorter by two inches.         <win by a nose>

*    When articulating    "to-the-difference-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    7.   a.  According to:         played by the rules.
b. With respect to:         siblings by blood.

*    When articulating    "according-to"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    8. In the name of:      swore by the Bible to tell the truth.

*    When articulating    "in-the-name-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    9. Through the agency or action of:         was killed by a bullet.

*    When articulating    "through-the-action-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    11.  a. Used in multiplication and division:       Multiply 4 by 6 to get 24.      <divide a by b>     <multiply 10 by 4>     <a room 15 feet by 20 feet>

*    When articulating    "and"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/by ,    
>>    7 a: on behalf of         <did right by his children>      

*    When articulating    "as-the-agent-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>   11: in the opinion of : from the point of view of           <okay by me>

*    When articulating    "as-for"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


Q)     circa
http://www.answers.com/circa ,    
In approximately; about:          born circa 1900.

When articulating      (not "in approximately"    but)    "approximately-in"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "circa" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


R)     concerning

When articulating      "as-to"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "concerning" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


S)     despite

When articulating      "notwithstanding"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "despite" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


T)     down

When articulating      "along"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "down" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


U)     during
http://www.answers.com/during ,      
1. Throughout the course or duration of:           suffered food shortages during the war.
2. At some time in:         was born during a blizzard.


When articulating      "in-the=period-of"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/+cp speaking posture,       "during" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*    When articulating    "in-the-period-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/+bp speaking posture,       "by" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


When articulating      "in"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/+cp speaking posture,       "during" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*    When articulating    "in-the-period-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/+bp speaking posture,       "within" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


V)      except

When articulating    "without"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "except" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://www.answers.com/except ,  
Usage Note:         Except in the sense of "with the exclusion of" or "other than" is generally viewed as a preposition, not a conjunction.       Therefore, a personal pronoun that follows except should be in the objective case:      No one except me knew it.      Everyone had a ticket except her.


W)      failing

*    When articulating    "in-default-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "failing" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


X)       following

*    When articulating    "immediately-after"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch speaking posture,       "following" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


Y)       for

http://www.answers.com/for ,    
>>     1. a. Used to indicate the object, aim, or purpose of an action or activity:      trained for the ministry;      put the house up for sale;        plans to run for senator.
3.  a. Used to indicate the recipient or beneficiary of an action:      prepared lunch for us.
b. On behalf of:        spoke for all the members.
c. In favor of:         Were they for or against the proposal?
d. In place of:          a substitute for eggs.

*    When articulating    "in-service-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "for" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     b. Used to indicate a destination:          headed off for town.

*    When articulating    "toward"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "for" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     2. Used to indicate the object of a desire, intention, or perception:        had a nose for news;          eager for success.
4.  a. Used to indicate equivalence or equality:       paid ten dollars for a ticket;       repeated the conversation word for word.
b. Used to indicate correlation or correspondence:      took two steps back for every step forward.

*    When articulating    "to"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "for" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    5.  a. Used to indicate amount, extent, or duration:      a bill for five dollars;      walked for miles;      stood in line for an hour.

*    When articulating    "in-the-amount-of",        "in-the-distance-of",      or      "in-the-time-of"       with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "for" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    b. Used to indicate a specific time:         had an appointment for two o'clock.

*    When articulating    "at-(two)-o'clock"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "for-(two)-o'clock" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    c. Used to indicate a number of attempts:        shot three for four from the foul line.

*    When articulating    "(three)-to-(four)"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "(three)-for-(four)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     6.  a. As being: take for granted;        mistook me for the librarian.

*    When articulating    "as-the-(librarian)"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "for-the-(librarian)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     b. Used to indicate an actual or implied listing or choosing:      For one thing, we can't afford it.

*    When articulating    "as-one-thing"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "for-one-thing" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     7. As a result of;      because of:        jumped for joy.
10. a. As regards; concerning:         a stickler for neatness.
b. Considering the nature or usual character of:        was spry for his advanced age.

*    When articulating    "jump(ed)-at-joy"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "jump(ed)-for-joy" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*    When articulating    "(a-stickler)-at-(neatness)"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "(a-stickler)-for-(neatness)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*    When articulating    "(be)-spry-at-"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "(be)-spry-for-" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     8. Used to indicate appropriateness or suitability:           It will be for the judge to decide.

*    When articulating    "It will be (the judge) that (decide)"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "It will be for (the judge) to (decide)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     9. Notwithstanding; despite:        For all the problems, it was a valuable experience.

*    When articulating    "notwithstanding-all-the-(problems)"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "for-all-the-(problems)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>      10.   c. In honor of:          named for her grandmother.

*    When articulating    "named-after-(someone)"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "named-for-(someone)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


Z)      from

When articulating    "our-of"     with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch speaking posture,       "from" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

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DATE: 2008.12.31 - 22:05


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522Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
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519Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.24
518Simple viewGuicciardini, 'Pico della Mirandola', Frisius*, Nostradamus, 'Sir Philip Sidney', Milton/Chaucer/Boiardo/Cardano Y... 2011.07.05
517Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
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494Simple view'net-cutting'  'country music'  'General Zod'      BC/AD  'Independence day'     BCE/CE    '(Before) Common Era' Y... 2011.04.14
493Simple view    'phonetic study on Jesus Christ  &  Moshe'             'Twelve Apostles'              'Hellenistic civilization??' Y... 2011.04.10
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491Simple view'論語/논어 [non  ŋΛ]  &  Old Testament'       Torah/Pentateuch         'Why Torah, Prophets, Writings, 四書五經' Y... 2011.04.05
490Simple view'lady-in-waiting'  Confucius/Mencius/Laozi/Micius  popcorn  'Generation Y/X'  'Wonder Woman'       I/you    etc. Y... 2011.04.02
489Simple viewfraction/ordinal,   'national flowers'   'Department of State'    'God bless you!'   'daylight saving time'   *BC/AD Y... 2011.03.20
488Simple view"&/and",                  italic,  ride/drive,       Morrison, Messiah/Immanuel,  succeed,     'Virgin Mary'  Joseph Y... 2011.03.15
487Simple view‘Moby-Dick’     'Coca Cola'       pronouns/4,  'Chinese carry-out'     'days of months'     'leap year (day)'   date Y... 2011.03.04
486Simple view'The Star-Spangled Banner'   &   'God Save the Queen'   &    'Land of Hope and Glory';        national anthems Y... 2011.02.10
485Simple view         'La Marseillaise'              Deutschlandlied              'National anthem of Austria' Y... 2013.05.12
484Simple view'Ask not'/America       months  'days of the week'  day/week/month/year  '(the) first'  hamburger  'Super Bowl' Y... 2011.02.09
483Simple view'passive voice'               'shoe-string budget?'  'you know'  'by the way'  'eh/well'  'blood libel'    'last supper' Y... 2011.01.14
482Simple view'Do I know you?'           'Season's Greetings'  'Auld Lang Syne'      'Christian cross,  resurrection'    'Red Cross' Y... 2011.01.08
481Simple view'Moses & Jesus Christ'            Christ/Jesus,   'Christmas card'   'Why Santa is old man'   MoU,      'Three Magi' Y... 2010.12.25
480Simple view"Shakespeare   &  Plutarch"                  'Sir Thomas More'   'G6'     oneself/myself/ourselves/etc.    ID Y... 2010.12.23
479Simple view'Why wedding dresses are white'              Halloween/제사,  denim, angel(s), eve, Ivy/steak, 'Rhode Island' Y... 2010.12.19
478Simple viewThanksgiving-day,         SantaClaus,           countries,      "silent letter??"     waffle/빈대떡/cupcake Y... 2010.11.26
477Simple view>> More considerations on  "silent letter??";     between GRECOnglish & orthodox English pronunciations Y... 2010.11.27
476Simple view"for the people, by the people, of the people"                          "I have a dream"      yes/no Y... 2010.10.10
475Simple view'it :  imp. v.??'              methinks                               Memorial/Mother's Day,    'hat trick'  franchise/may Y... 2010.06.05
474Simple view"Phonetics/linguistics  &  Bible"                                            "dirty Chinese??" Y... 2010.04.20
473Simple view'aui*Λ/o/='        exigency, need/longing, matter, pressure/force, hurry/rush, weight/postulate/concept/picture Y... 2010.04.05
472Simple view>> Corrected:                   [auiΛ]/S/mES, /S/MS;    [auio]/S/mES, /T/mES, /C1/mES;   [aui=]/P/pES Y... 2010.08.14
471Simple viewview/viewpoint, scheme/surmise/lack/economy/feature,  detail/topic,  item/issue,  point/case,  trifle/matter Y... 2010.04.05
470Simple viewaffair/terrific,  spooky/spook, dreadful/fearsome/awesome/traditional,  customary/familiar,  normal/average Y... 2010.04.05
469Simple viewusual/general,  common/routine, standard, apropos, related/relati-,  germane/cognate, tempor-, fly-by-night Y... 2010.04.05
468Simple viewpassing,  fugitive, 'short-lived', transient/ably/momentarily/amplify/stretch,  expand/wax,  augment/raise Y... 2010.04.05
467Simple viewheighten/lengthen,  embarra-/discountena-,  'show up', offend,  chagrin/vex, mortify/abash,  incarna-/personi- Y... 2010.04.05
466Simple viewrepresent/depict,  illustrate/explicate, codify, manifest, rubbish,  malign/libel,  abuse/mar, decry, blacken Y... 2010.04.05
465Simple viewsignificance/fervour/ebullience,  weight/emphasis, distillation/water/dew/perspiration/moisture/spray/bigotry Y... 2010.04.05
464Simple viewchutzpah', fight, payoff, path,  consequences/end, result(s), verdict,  upshot/event, compatible, consonant Y... 2010.04.05
463Simple viewsociable, convivial,  'dyed in the wool', universal, overall,  total/downright, worldwide,  'far-flung', entire Y... 2010.04.05
462Simple viewwhole/patient,  mild/equab-, kind/generali-/interpola-,  sophisticate/pervert, counsel/instruct,  refine/temper Y... 2010.04.05
461Simple viewhype/razzmatazz, razzle-dazzle, spotlight, play-up, write-up,  champion/uphold, develop,  defend, 'plead for' Y... 2010.04.05
460Simple viewhelp,  advocate/recommend,  puzzle/poser, problem, inconsistency, 'closed book', conundrum, fabrication Y... 2010.04.05
459Simple viewforgery/phony, lie(s), fiction, myth,  fake/counterfeit,  takings, arrest/bust,  catching/espial, trappings/bard Y... 2010.04.05
458Simple viewimprisonment/detenti-, seizure,  dignity, 'self-importa-', decorum/etiquet-,  grandeur/prominen-, proprieties Y... 2010.04.05
457Simple viewsolemnities/gravity,  majesties, 'His Honour, etc.',  destitute, 'down and out',  poor, 'bad(ly) off', 'well-off' Y... 2010.04.05
456Simple viewneedy,  short/low, jovial,  lively, 'full of beans', congenial/ratty/peevish,  sour/tart,  surly/churlish, peppery Y... 2010.04.05
455Simple viewtesty/heady/snappish, unlimited/incomparable/peremptory/complain,  grumble/bellyache, carp/kvetch, groan Y... 2010.04.05
454Simple viewwail/soothe,  'relieve (yourself)', soften/mitigate/scold/blame,  correct/chasten, discipline/censure/advertise Y... 2010.04.05
453Simple viewfortis(?) consonants,                                    Short(?) Program,  Democrat/donkey,  Valentine's Day Y... 2010.02.24
452Simple view>>                                              θ/ð/v/f Y... 2014.03.09
451Simple viewDifference between English & GRECOnglish/GC,                                             pronouns,   'Excuse me.' Y... 2010.01.23
450Simple view'Λui*a/o/=', business/craft, work/occupation, call/job, line/field, condition/symptoms/disorder/appointments Y... 2010.01.06
449Simple view>> Corrections:                                               [Λuia] adjective,       [Λui=] /S/SS Y... 2010.09.18
448Simple viewhorseback-riding?    class, label, creature, gull,   figure/dupe, fitting/fit,    worthy/praiseworthy/worthwhile Y... 2010.01.06
447Simple viewcorrect,  toxic/unhealthful,  deadly/destructive, mortal/killing, choice/prime,  'cool, first-class', select/rare Y... 2010.01.06
446Simple viewbrilliant/marvello-, cracking/mega, coolish/aggregate/assemble/accumula-, test/challenge, look at, research Y... 2010.01.06
445Simple viewexaggerate/emphasise/enlarge/inflate/embroider, frighten/scare/stun/alarm, damp/humidness/opacity/dim Y... 2010.01.06
444Simple viewfaintness/funniness/sport/pleasure/cheerfulness/joy,   understanding/affectionateness/toleration/surd/hard Y... 2010.01.06
443Simple viewdire/awful/dreadful/notable, non-specialist, general/easy/simple/plain/significant/suppose/imagine, believe in Y... 2010.01.06
442Simple view'fancy up', feed, 'eat up', graze/pasture/browse,  'dine out', copulate/shag/bonk,  'have a ball', 'have a fuck' Y... 2010.01.06
441Simple view'have a hump', erase, 'cancel out', excise, 'wipe out', luxury/extra/art/pleasure/love/density/want/parsimony Y... 2010.01.06
440Simple viewdimension/solidity/impenetrability/terror/animosity/dread/horror/fright/awe/deadline,    value/unchangeability Y... 2010.01.06
439Simple viewconstancy,  merit/irreversibility,  quality/unalterability,  caliber/invariability, bad,  kind/humane, good, favour Y... 2010.01.06
438Simple viewcaring/sharp/risky/parlous/ominous/dicey/insecure/ugly/quiescent/yielding/soft/dutiful/willing, patient/serene Y... 2010.01.06
437Simple viewliberal/prodigal, lax/permissive/tender, constancy/stability, lenient/magnanimo-/free/evolve, generate/render Y... 2010.01.06
436Simple viewguarantee/guaranty, delegate/authorize, trust, transfer/transport, hand/give/pass/capture, charm/bewitch Y... 2010.01.06
435Simple viewattract/fascinate,  entrance/trance,  submit/yield/agree/bend/bow/ailment, malaise/instrument/tool/apropos Y... 2010.01.06
434Simple viewtimely/genuine/lethal/terminal/hostile/fine/willing/affable/commix/terrorize/water, kindliness, hand-out Y... 2010.01.06
433Simple viewEnglish/GRECOnglish accent,                   'Happy Holidays',  season, chemistry?         'primary consonants' Y... 2010.01.04
432Simple view'uia*Λ/o/='            mix/mixture;     blend;     compound/composite/composition;     amalgam/amalgamation Y... 2010.01.04
431Simple view>> Corrected:                                             [uia=] /T/MS, /P/mES Y... 2010.08.13
430Simple viewcoalescence; climax; venture; project; risk; scheme;  benefit/beneficiality;  good(ness);  use; gain; reward Y... 2009.12.25
429Simple viewboon; alert; serious; deep; intellectual; scholarly; fit;    appropriate/expropriate; irregular;    asymmetric(al) Y... 2009.12.01
428Simple viewfraternize; socialize; sacrifice; abandon; renounce; forfeit(ure); jilt; disentangle/untangle; generalize (-ise) Y... 2009.12.01
427Simple viewextrapolate; infer; conclude; 'reason out'; universalize; mind; sense; knowledge; wit; corruption/corruptne- Y... 2009.12.01
426Simple view>> Corrections:          mindfulness/mind, sensuousness/sense, wiseness/wisdom, judiciousness/judgement Y... 2009.12.21
425Simple viewgraft; danger(ousness); chance; prospect; optimality/optimization; gawky/gauche; heavy; earnest; true/H?  Y... 2009.12.01
424Simple viewphysical; manual; base; sanguine; expectant; budget; allowance; finance(s); shove; thrust; nudge; knock Y... 2009.12.01
423Simple viewpush; bump; cause; source; spring; agent; opposite; different; enough/enow; lavish; belligerent; conflicting Y... 2009.12.01
422Simple viewoptimize; behave;   act/react; conduct(ion); acquit ; comport; deliberate; consider; think; ponder; debate Y... 2009.12.01
421Simple viewfrighten; scare; petrify;    interweave; intermingle; commingle; alleviate;    trivialize; untangle; shadiness Y... 2009.12.01
420Simple viewrun;   disclose; divulge; evince; defraud; hoodwink;   impart; promulgate; deteriorate; fundi; wonk;   study Y... 2009.12.01
419Simple view"trick or treat"                                   "air force one" Y... 2009.11.06
418Simple view*  'iau*Λ/o/='      mean(s), aid, advantage, vacuum,    (expressive) style, competition, aggression, intrusion Y... 2009.11.04
417Simple view>> Corrected:              [iauΛ] /P/MS, /S/aES, /C1/SS, /P/mES,   [iauo] /C2/MS, /verb,   [iau=] /P/mES Y... 2010.10.05
416Simple view'ill will',    pugnacity/roundabout/wandering, straightforward/natural/frank/dirty/blue, lavish/full/grace/raise Y... 2009.11.04
415Simple viewadvance/boycott/snub, refrain from, stay away -, spurn, throw out, eject/support/bear, hold up, carry/prop Y... 2009.11.03
414Simple viewfame/honour/glory, trouble(someness), inconvenience/solemness/gravity, earnest(ness), soberness/feeling Y... 2009.11.03
413Simple viewsubmission,   philanthropic(al), gracious, almsgiving, positive, confident, hopeful, upbeat,   real(ly), absolute Y... 2009.11.03
412Simple viewperfect/right/complete/shoot/speed/race/rush/tear/dash/pose/present/create/rise,     lead (to),  result (in) Y... 2009.11.03
411Simple viewsave, rescue, recover, salvage,    bail (out), chafe, rub, scratch, rasp, scrape,    foolish(ness), judg(e)ment Y... 2009.11.03
410Simple viewgrotesquery/unpleasingness/verity,   'true fact?' reality, sensuous/sensual, provocative/delicious/delectable Y... 2009.11.03
409Simple viewsteady/beautiful/scenic, savo(u)ry, federate/merge,   unify/unite, consolidate/mingle/coalesce/save/reserve Y... 2009.11.03
408Simple viewstore/collect/vaporize/gasify/aerate,     sublimate/sublime, transpire/hesitate/waver/delay/pause/wait/falter Y... 2009.11.03
407Simple view'compound noun'                Go go go!   White House, northwest, used car,   African-American,   ball games Y... 2009.10.20
406Simple viewdefault [*]/[h]/[=]                   nightline, below, having,  'So many people, so many minds.'  'Mother’s Day' Y... 2009.10.16
405Simple viewMrs./Miss/Ms./lady,                   principle of (sur)names,                   Kor-/Eng- sentences              color Y... 2009.10.11
404Simple view'=ia*Λ/o/u'         agent/H? height/representative/minister/agent/deputy/summit/peak, fund(s), mutual/trust Y... 2009.10.04
403Simple view>> Corrections:                   [=iaΛ] /S/mES,   [=iau]/P/noun, /C1/mES,    [=iao]/S/aES,   /P/T/C1/mES,  Y... 2010.08.28
402Simple viewtherapeutic,  lavish/healing/restorative, good(s), corrective/temporary/acting/interim,  strain/stress/strenu- Y... 2009.10.04
401Simple view'stand-in',   'fill-in',   farming, country, rural, rustic, agrarian,   complain, moan, bitch, whine, growl, gripe Y... 2009.10.04
400Simple viewsophisticate/school/train/educate/consecrate,  bless/H? monitor,  'check (out)', program(me), info(rmation) Y... 2009.10.04
399Simple view>> Corrections:                                           "45. monitor"     &     "46.  check (out)" Y... 2009.11.27
398Simple viewproof, submission, reverence, observance, density, compact(ed)ness, impenetrability, thick, close, heavy Y... 2009.10.04
397Simple viewsolid, substantial, defenc(s)e, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear, shoulder, endure, keep Y... 2009.10.04
396Simple viewoscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-) Y... 2009.10.04
395Simple viewsour(ness), vice/viciousness, cruelty, savage(ry), feminine(ness), sex, female(n-), male(n-), masculine(n-) Y... 2009.10.04
394Simple viewterrific, bodacious(ly), boff(o), 'jim-dandy', hopeful, positive, confident, 'can-do', formal(ly), official, regular Y... 2009.10.04
393Simple viewparlous/perilous, '(de)fend (off)',  'cover up', protect/guard/secure/preserve/furnish,  'fit out', stock/supply Y... 2009.10.04
392Simple viewprovision/provide/serialize, 'set up', arrange/form/order/sort/sicken/disgust/revolt, repel/repulse, 'gross out' Y... 2009.10.04
391Simple view>> Corrections:                                              "set up"          (set) Y... 2010.01.18
390Simple view'Why not Gibson Charles?'          'Mr. Gibson' or 'Gibson mister'        'Your Honour'        'English middle name' Y... 2009.09.19
389Simple view'ia=*Λ/o/u'         supplement,      quest,     philanthropic(al), irritative, humanitarian, affronted, sacrifice Y... 2009.09.15
388Simple view>> Corrected Y... 2010.11.20
387Simple viewabandon(ment), focus, center, finish, do, use, '(be) used to', effect, merit, culture, public, spell/charm/lure Y... 2009.09.15
386Simple viewfair(ness), love(liness), neighbo(u)rly, siz(e)ably, wil(l)fully, corpor(e)al, cordial, futile, troubledly, disturbing Y... 2009.09.15
385Simple viewwildish, wild(ly),   loud(ly), cut, sever, divide,   rend, schism,   separate, cast, throw, project, launch, pitch Y... 2009.09.15
384Simple viewshed, consolidate, combine, unite, join,  marry, amalgamate, boundary, limits, obscurity, negligence/neglect Y... 2009.09.15
383Simple viewirresponsibleness, uncertainty, changeability, rough, crude/petro-, homespun, rough-hew(n), 'stylish person' Y... 2009.09.15
382Simple view'in/on demand'  show, express, display, reveal, register, rouse, cause, fire, prompt, ease, moderate, animate Y... 2009.09.15
381Simple viewgrafting;                  greeting;                 "good-bye"                   "forbidden fruit" Y... 2009.09.11
380Simple viewno/though/yes,         (nein/doch/ja)                    "You like it, do you? ΛV" Y... 2009.09.08
379Simple view>> "Don't you like it?"           "The life must go on."           sniper,          Phoenicia,         freemason Y... 2009.09.18
378Simple view'iaΛ*o/u/='   factor, fundament(al), problematic(al),  '(dangling) participle', loose(ly),  'blue chip', large-sized Y... 2009.09.04
377Simple viewpunctuality, promptness, read(il)y, regular(ity), stead(il)y, consistent(ly),  'Kindly yours',  '(double) genitive' Y... 2009.09.04
376Simple viewsimplicity/easiness/clarity, logic(ality), urgency/importan-, need(fulness), gravity, press(ure), hurry/querulo- Y... 2009.09.04
375Simple viewbad-tempered,     hot-tempered, irascible,    'provide (against/for)', 'fit (in)', 'spy (on)',  follow/i? monitor/H? Y... 2009.09.04
374Simple viewagree/-/i? thunder(bolt), cheat(er), sharper,  'confidence man', pledge/v? committal, promise/v? segmented Y... 2009.09.04
373Simple viewsegregative/augmentative/increasable/protractive/celebrative,  'deal in/with', 'trade in', 'build up', scare/-/i? Y... 2009.09.04
372Simple view'iao*Λ/u/='      position/H?   exposé,      (have) impact/contact/curb/date/elbow/interview/panic/park/verb? Y... 2009.08.26
371Simple view>> Corrected:                                       [iaou] /S/aES Y... 2010.07.09
370Simple viewcare(fulness),  worry/v?   'seeing eye', old/H? passé, circumspect(ive),    'Indian summer',  oldish, enervate Y... 2009.08.26
369Simple viewverity, truth,  'the true',  factuality, tru(thful)ly,     'Sincerely yours', media blitz, clear/whole/H? wholeness Y... 2009.08.26
368Simple viewunity/cohesion, barrenness, aridness/poorer/unproductivity, technological), propitiatory/atonable/reparative Y... 2009.08.26
367Simple viewoblatory, mockable, mock(up), ironic/sneerful/aggravative, exaggeratively, heightened, join/H? 'wrap (up)' Y... 2009.08.26
366Simple view* 'oia*Λ/u/='  'the more - of',      'holy grail', 'more important(ly)', '(the) more universal',      'bachelor party' Y... 2009.08.21
365Simple view>> Corrected :                                      [oiau]/P/MS/noun,  /mES/verb Y... 2010.09.13
364Simple view'Please be seated',  humidness, damp(ness), moistness, bounty,      plenty, profusion, limit(ation), ultimacy Y... 2009.08.21
363Simple viewbest/highest/finest/choicest, 'succumb to', 'catch in', 'contract of', impermanency/transiency/insecureness Y... 2009.08.21
362Simple view>> Corrected:                               "23.  catch (in)" Y... 2010.09.13
361Simple viewcapableness/means/competency/potency/captainship, complete/H? done, sacred/H? blessed, recap(itulate) Y... 2009.08.21
360Simple view'uai*Λ/o/='       periodic(al),  cyclic(al),  great(ly),    fade (away),  melt (away),    principle(s),  scruple(s) Y... 2009.08.15
359Simple view>> Corrected :                  [uaio]   from /C1/mES,  “recreate”/+-,    (14.     deleted) Y... 2010.04.11
358Simple viewgloom(ine-), disabled/handicapped, deceptively, copy(write), xerox, safety/safene-, (im)pass(e), im/explicit Y... 2009.08.15
357Simple viewsanctimonious(ly), religiose, disorder(ed)ly, straightforward(ly),   over/underestimate,  miss (out),  way(s) Y... 2009.08.15
356Simple view'aiu*Λ/o/='       hope(fulness),     long(ing),     answerableness,   opportuneness,   benevolent,   over/end Y... 2009.08.11
355Simple view>> Corrected:                                        [aiu=] /P/pES,  /T/pES Y... 2010.10.13
354Simple viewconventional,   davenport,  secretaire,       'government(s); collective n.?'       authorities,   viable/possible Y... 2009.08.10
353Simple viewstereotypic(al), baseball, empty/H? beating,  danger(ousness), clear/H? fine/H?   'intens(iv)e, intent',   past Y... 2009.08.10
352Simple viewwhat/which//that/this/whatever/whose/who/however, although, but, except(ing), and, It is me, both/with Y... 2009.08.07
351Simple view'=ai*Λ/o/u'     porn(o), revelant, continue,  keep(ing-up), maintain,  carry(ing-on), lasting(ness), curiosity Y... 2009.07.31
350Simple viewalienism, exot(ci)sm, revenge, extant, actual(ly), ugly, surly,  current/heart/Hist?  headquarter(s), bake(ry) Y... 2009.07.31
349Simple viewwork(place), observation/concurrency/conformity, fanatic(al), deadly/noticeableness/appearan-/visiblene- Y... 2009.07.31
348Simple viewdouble(ness), fellow,  submission(s),  concentrative(ly),  husband/H?  advance(ment),  purport,  claim/H? Y... 2009.07.31
347Simple viewModifications & Corrections:            'ai=*Λ/o/u' ,      difficultness  >>  difficulty          [ai=u] Y... 2009.09.16
346Simple viewboundary, confine(s), verge(s),   corporate culture, custom(s),    lifestyle,  art(s)y–craft(s)y,    one,    half Y... 2009.07.26
345Simple view(one and) only,   only,   not,  'not only ~ but'   'not-balance',  individual(s),  impeach/formidability/difficulty Y... 2009.07.26
344Simple view>> Corrections:                                 28. difficultness/difficulty Y... 2009.09.16
343Simple viewoffense, Abo,  identify with, politic(al)ly,    n/m dash,   scoot, seeing as (how), 'waste/fade/wither (away)' Y... 2009.07.26
342Simple viewFrench Kiss,   French fry,   French Connection,   French leave,   French maid,   French-German enmity,  - Y... 2009.07.21
341Simple view'Λai*o/u/='     corpor(e)ality, Tombstone,    'more higher',   'might could',   'three mile',  'VAT tax', four-foot Y... 2009.07.17
340Simple view>> Corrected:                                                 [Λai=]/T/MS Y... 2010.09.22
339Simple view'rarely ever',  'couldn't hardly', hard(ly), anticipate/empathy, IOU, insure/complacency, absolute(ness), mum Y... 2009.07.17
338Simple viewunchangeablene-/invariablene-/inalterability/feasibili-/survivab-, grow/vt?  workablene-/corrupti-/viciousne- Y... 2009.07.17
337Simple viewperversion, conscious(ness), consc(ient)ious,    'aware of'   'responsive to'   'cognizant of'   'percipient of' Y... 2009.07.17
336Simple viewtry-to,  solid(ity), substantialness/tangibility/physicality/legitimation, credibleness, greenish, denote, Andy Y... 2009.07.17
335Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='   impulsivity, impetuosity, anxious/eager?, chat(ter), chiefly/centrally, uppermost/foremost/adv? Y... 2009.07.10
334Simple viewstrangle/worrying(ly),  (ad)judge, recap(itulate), (a)bate,  council/counselor,  gown/univ, (ad)dress,  habit Y... 2009.07.10
333Simple viewstreng(k)th, on purpose, aggravate/tease, broad(ly), wide(ly), quiet(ness/ly), on the quiet, alone, sat/-ing? Y... 2009.07.10
332Simple viewforward(s/ly), further(most), favor/v.i?, foster(ing/ed), caution(ary), heed(fulness), (ad)venture, bold(ness) Y... 2009.07.10
331Simple viewpowerful(ly), power(ful), aloud, roaring(ly),     French kiss,    jazz,   'compare with/to', contrast/n?, born(e) Y... 2009.07.10
330Simple view'aio*Λ/u/='   Your-Honour,       Stonehenge,      eas(il)y/2,   safety,  obsession,    Big Apple (NY),  moniker Y... 2009.07.03
329Simple viewitem/also,  fundament(al),         neighbor,        decisive, hard-hitting,    upright(ly), sheer(ly),         need Y... 2009.07.03
328Simple view'oai*Λ/u/='    excess, inordinacy, immoderacy, extravagancy, whitish, light(ly), soft(ly), almight(il)y, (re)lax Y... 2009.06.26
327Simple view>> Corrections:                               [oaiu]            swanky Y... 2010.03.22
326Simple viewdoll, immigrate, remove/v.i.?  'permit of', sanction, sit/set, lemon,    'spelling bee',    'rote learning', 'look to' Y... 2009.06.26
325Simple viewboast/form, bragging(ly), in vain,  lordly/adv?  egotistic(al), a thought, sequent(ial), economic(al), punitory Y... 2009.06.26
324Simple view>> Corrections:                                        26. lordly Y... 2010.03.22
323Simple viewretaliative, bright(ly), historic(al), oblig(at)e, (t)here, this/that,   voiced/voiceless,   like-to, like, 'like(d) to' Y... 2009.06.26
322Simple view'iΛo*a/u/='    gender role, battle with,  media/data/agenda/dirtily/pathetic(al), fair(ly), comply with, evade Y... 2009.06.20
321Simple viewboxwood/parts/quantity, a quantity of, an amount of, a lot, partially/various/more-important(ly), disorderly Y... 2009.06.20
320Simple viewhigh(ly), bull/bear, corporal/comic(al), panicky/hysteric/fleshy/awful(ly), hysteric, /slash, dare, honey/baby Y... 2009.06.19
319Simple view'oiΛ*a/u/='     obsolescent,  big(ly),   'do ~ have or have ~ got?'  'know about'  defense,   '(not) care less' Y... 2009.06.15
318Simple view'best foot' ugly/clever, plain(ly), banal, dullish, 'girl or woman?'  '-person', man/male,  '-ess' mistress/madam Y... 2009.06.15
317Simple view'iΛa*o/u/='    acknowledgements/sensitive/reasonability/formidable,   once/everyday,   commonly/ordinarily Y... 2009.06.08
316Simple viewroutinely, 'in back of'  back/up, back/v?  capacity,  "first lady"  noblewoman, retaliative, snug(ly), warmish Y... 2009.06.08
315Simple viewelements, near(ly), close(ly), godly,  'free gift?'  free(ly), gam,   'double passive'  abhominable,  likely/liable Y... 2009.06.08
314Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='    imperative/alleviate, wrought/wreak, nuts,  vs/v,  proceeding(s), formality/solemnities, taunt Y... 2009.06.02
313Simple view>> Corrected:                       [aiΛu] /P/pES/adjectives/adverbs,     [aiΛ=/P,  /MS/noun] 11. solemnities Y... 2010.04.25
312Simple viewcalumny/self-complacently, roughish, effect/affect, marque, P.S. give up, quantity of, roaringly/selectable Y... 2009.06.02
311Simple view'iΛ=*a/o/u'  full(y)/party/complicated/certain  'We sure are'  invaluable/priceless/irrevocability/irreversibility Y... 2009.05.26
310Simple view>> Corrected:                                         complicated/complex Y... 2009.08.28
309Simple viewphilosophic/stoic/cool/factualness/blind/luxuriant/intrinsic/organic/ambiguous,    cell phone,   (to) no end, - Y... 2009.05.26
308Simple view'=iΛ*a/o/u'   beg the question,  plead guilty,   teaser, huff and puff, look at, low(ly),  TV,  agree to,  toast Y... 2009.05.22
307Simple view>> Corrected:                                              [=iΛo]/S/aES Y... 2010.11.13
306Simple viewdeadline,   justly, unique, fairly, hang out,  quarter to,  repulsive/repellant,  ceremonious,  foully, reflect on Y... 2009.05.20
305Simple view'uiΛ*a/o/='  vulnerableness/signiificancy/impotency, soundly, bad(ly), bad/uptight/perchance, chance upon Y... 2009.05.15
304Simple view>> Corrections:                    difficultness  >>   exactingness       [uiΛo] Y... 2009.09.16
303Simple viewheadline,  especially/quieten/empathize/heal, await-for, everywhere, long (for), ill-temper, preside (over), - Y... 2009.05.15
302Simple view<<iΛu*a/o/=>>    medicine/pilot/crowd/feign,     'see television'   'hear radio'      lone(li)ly,  'only terrible' Y... 2009.05.11
301Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>   check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
300Simple viewdisorder(ed)ly, check(ed),   chess/check,  'part and parcel'  blatant/outright(ly), 'pillow sham' 'of course' Y... 2009.05.11
299Simple view'Λio*a/u/='     (im)possible/answerable/chargeable/TB/utilize,    'incomparable adj. equal'   'center (on)' - Y... 2009.05.04
298Simple view>> Corrected:                                    [Λio=] /P/pES/adjectives Y... 2010.07.05
297Simple view'very best'  estimate, shy/short,  'sort of',  (im)practicable, proportional, wild(ly), waits,  'check out it' - Y... 2009.05.04
296Simple view'oΛi*a/u/='   exceptional/lowly/fantastical/absurd(ness),  sick and tired,  nauseous/fundament(al)/(re)lax Y... 2009.04.27
295Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
294Simple viewbasic(ity)/organic(ity)/basically/sick(ly)/ID/good(ness)/why/where/entertainment/awful(ly), loads (of), - Y... 2009.04.27
293Simple view'Λia*o/u/='  follow-up, help, old-salt, sacrosanctity/still(y)/tip/anarchic(al)/exhilarative/capture/casino/- Y... 2009.04.20
292Simple view>> Corrections:   [Λiao]/verb   from /T/mES           &           To: Farlex, Inc. thefreedictionary.com Y... 2009.11.02
291Simple view'aΛi*o/u/='      role, act(ion), pro/professor, older/elderly, suss (out), git/gots, transformation, sociable Y... 2009.04.13
290Simple view>> Corrected:                                [aΛio/P,  noun/MS],   [aΛiu] /P/mES/verb,   [aΛi=]/S/mES Y... 2010.11.09
289Simple viewgroup/warm,  send/idioms,  experiment-with,  sure(ly),  absent, away, gone,  certain, convince, proven Y... 2009.04.13
288Simple view'Λi=*a/o/u'    simple/full/inward/inside/fine/soft   'enough glad' 'beautiful something'   else/tight/just/fair Y... 2009.04.06
287Simple viewstraightforward/stiff/firm  'all but' '- could care less' 'all of a sudden'  specialized/quick/swift/technologic Y... 2009.04.06
286Simple view'=Λi*a/o/u'   comprise/consist, fair(ly), 'fair up/off', 'mild (down)', pretty/very, unawarely, (un)aware-of Y... 2009.03.30
285Simple viewbeware,   'nice of/for ~ to do'   'these/all kind(s) of'   eas(il)y,  friend(li)ly,  route,  suspicious,  light(ly) Y... 2009.03.30
284Simple view'Λiu*a/o/='  want-for, wish, whether/if/that/when, but-what/that, would/should, touching/about, social Y... 2009.03.23
283Simple viewtetragraph 'uΛi*a/o/='    English accent/stress,  German/French, never,  'I will make not it',  mean/break Y... 2009.03.17
282Simple viewsimilar-as,  comparable-with,   (in)famous,  fine(ly),  continual,   'let/leave, permit',  'rather: had better' Y... 2009.03.17
281Simple view'a=o, a=Λ, Λ=o'           lit, definitive, optimum,  fortuitous/felicitous,  dairy, absolutely, partly,  passing Y... 2009.03.09
280Simple view>> Corrected:                         [Λ=o] /S/mES & /S/MS,            definitive/definite Y... 2010.07.06
279Simple view'aΛ=, =aΛ, =ou, Λ=a' purpose'ful'ly, of-choice, alternate, every-cars, of-any, at-all, any-better, any-old Y... 2009.03.09
278Simple vieweach-and-every, either/one-of, he-or-she, neither/none/they, 'all (of)', used-up, hopefully, (a)wake(n) Y... 2009.03.03
277Simple view