|Subject ||solid, substantial, defenc(s)e, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear, shoulder, endure, keep
solid, substantial, defence/defense, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear/born(e), shoulder, endure, keep
1. A substance having a definite shape and volume; one that is neither liquid nor gaseous.
2. Mathematics A geometric figure having three dimensions.
1. As a whole; unanimously: The committee voted solid for the challenger.
2. Without a break or opening; completely or continuously: The theater was booked solid for a month.
solid (sha/P/Ch + pe/S/Ch) shape
solid (di/P/Ch + mension/S/Ch) dimension
unanimously (sol/S + id/P) solid
unanimously (sol/S + id/P) solid
completely (sol/S/Ch + id/P/Ch) solid
1. An essential. Often used in the plural.
2. A solid thing. Often used in the plural.
substantial (essen/P/Ch + ce/S/Ch) essence
substantial (ri/P/Ch + gidity/S/Ch) rigidity
* When articulating "defense" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "defence" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1. A skin eruption.
2. An outbreak of many instances within a brief period: a rash of burglaries.
* When articulating "pimple" or "frequency" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "rash" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1. One who has no sense of responsibility.
2. Law One who is mentally or financially unfit to assume responsibility for one's actions.
3. One who is unlikely to be called to account by a higher authority.
irresponsible (per/T/Ch + son/S/Ch) person
irresponsible (mental/T/Ch + retardation/S/Ch) "mental retardation"
irresponsible (pro/T/Ch + motion/S/Ch) promotion
Usage Note: The adjective precipitate and the adverb precipitately were once applied to physical steepness but are now used primarily of rash, headlong actions: Their precipitate entry into the foreign markets led to disaster. He withdrew precipitately from the race. Precipitous currently means "steep" in both literal and figurative senses: the precipitous rapids of the upper river; a precipitous drop in commodity prices. But precipitous and precipitously are also frequently used to mean "abrupt, hasty," which takes them into territory that would ordinarily belong to precipitate and precipitately: their precipitous decision to leave. This usage is a natural extension of the use of precipitous to describe a rise or fall in a quantity over time: a precipitous increase in reports of measles is also an abrupt or sudden event. Though this extended use of precipitous is well attested in the work of reputable writers, it is still widely regarded as an error.
If articulating [=iao] from /C1/SS(SPHENOIDAL sinuses), “reckless"/+-, “careless"/+bp, “rash"/+cp, and “irresponsible"/Ch/+-, “precipitate"/Ch/+bp, “hasty"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.
steep (pre/P/Ch + cipitate/S/Ch) precipitate
* When articulating "precipitate" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "precipitous" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
And when articulating "precipitate" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture, "precipitously" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
precipitous (s/S/Ch + teep/T/Ch) steep
rash (pre/S + cipitous/T) precipitous
1. To throw from or as if from a great height; hurl downward: "The finest bridge in all Peru broke and precipitated five travelers into the gulf below" (Thornton Wilder).
2. To cause to happen, especially suddenly or prematurely. See Synonyms at speed.
3. Meteorology To cause (water vapor) to condense and fall from the air as rain, snow, sleet, or hail.
4. Chemistry To cause (a solid substance) to be separated from a solution.
1. Meteorology To condense and fall from the air as rain, snow, sleet, or hail.
2. Chemistry To be separated from a solution as a solid.
3. To fall or be thrown headlong: an ailing economy that precipitated into ruin despite foreign intervention.
precipitate (th/P/Ch + row/S/Ch) throw
precipitate (s/P/Ch + peed/S/Ch) speed
precipitate (con/P/Ch + dense/S/Ch) condense
precipitate (sepa/P/Ch + rate/S/Ch) separate
* When articulating "make cloud", "freeze solution" or "have a rush" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "precipitate" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1. Moving rapidly and heedlessly; speeding headlong.
2. Acting with or marked by excessive haste and lack of due deliberation. See Synonyms at impetuous, reckless.
3. Occurring suddenly or unexpectedly.
n. (-tt, -tt)
1. Chemistry A solid or solid phase separated from a solution.
2. A product resulting from a process, event, or course of action.
heedless (pre/S + cipitate/P) precipitate
impetuous (pre/C1 + cipitate/T) precipitate
sudden (pre/S + cipitate/P) precipitate
precipitate (slid/P/Ch + ity/S/Ch) solidity
precipitate (ac/P/Ch + tion/S/Ch) action
–verb (used without object)
10. to turn out: The experiment proved to be successful.
11. to be found by trial or experience to be: His story proved false.
12. (of dough) to rise to a specified lightness: Leave covered until it has proved.
* When articulating "prove", "test", "raise", "treat", "do check" or "have the lightness" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "proof" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
And when articulating "proof", "come" or "be thought" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "prove" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
10. the act or an instance of supporting.
11. the state of being supported.
12. something that serves as a foundation, prop, brace, or stay.
13. maintenance, as of a person or family, with necessaries, means, or funds: to pay for support of an orphan.
14. a person or thing that supports, as financially: The pension was his only support.
15. a person or thing that gives aid or assistance.
16. an actor, actress, or group performing with a lead performer.
17. the material, as canvas or wood, on which a picture is painted.
18. Stock Exchange. support level.
19. (of hosiery) made with elasticized fibers so as to fit snugly on the legs, thereby aiding circulation, relieving fatigue, etc.
support (en/C2 + couragement/S) encouragement
support (patron/C2 + age/S) patronage
support (s/C2 + tay/S) stay
support (re/C2 + lief/S) relief
support (su/C2 + pporter/S) supporter
support (com/C2 + forter/S) comforter
support (p/C2 + rop/S) prop
support (lin/C2 + ing/S) lining
support (sus/C2 + tenance/S) sustenance
support (e/C1 + lastic/S) elastic
67. bear/History??/intransitive??/noun??/adjective?? born(e)
The prehistoric Germanic word from which bear is derived is also the ancestor of English barrow 1, berth, bier, birth, and burden 1. Its Indo-European ancestor is in turn the source of English amphora, fertile, and suffer.
barrow (be/C2 + ar/S) bear
berth (be/T + ar/S) bear
bier (be/P + ar/S) bear
birth (be/T + ar/C2) bear
burden (be/S + ar/C2) bear
amphora (be/P/Ch + ar/S/Ch) bear
fertile (be/C1/Ch + ar/T/Ch) bear
suffer (be/T/Ch + ar/P/Ch) bear
Usage Note: Thanks to the vagaries of English spelling, bear has two past participles: born and borne. Traditionally, born is used only in passive constructions referring to birth: I was born in Chicago. For all other uses, including active constructions referring to birth, borne is the standard form: She has borne both her children at home. I have borne his insolence with the patience of a saint.
* When articulating "born" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "borne" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1. To yield fruit; produce: peach trees that bear every summer.
2. To have relevance; apply: They studied the ways in which the relativity theory bears on the history of science.
3. To exert pressure, force, or influence.
a. To force oneself along; forge.
b. To endure something with tolerance and patience: Bear with me while I explain matters.
5. To extend or proceed in a specified direction: The road bears to the right at the bottom of the hill.
* When articulating "bloom flower", "make influence", "give time", "make headway" or "turn direction" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "bear" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
>> bear down
1. To advance in a threatening manner: The ship bore down on our canoe.
2. To apply maximum effort and concentration: If you really bear down, you will finish the task.
"bear down" (th/P/Ch + reaten/T/Ch) threaten
"bear down" (do/P/Ch + best/T/Ch) "do best"
>> bear out
To prove right or justified; confirm: The test results bear out our claims.
"bear out" (con/P/Ch + firm/T/Ch) confirm
>> bear up
To withstand stress, difficulty, or attrition: The patient bore up well during the long illness.
"bear up" (en/P/Ch + dure/T/Ch) endure
a. Any of various usually omnivorous mammals of the family Ursidae that have a shaggy coat and a short tail and walk with the entire lower surface of the foot touching the ground.
b. Any of various other animals, such as the koala, that resemble a true bear.
2. A large, clumsy, or ill-mannered person.
a. One, such as an investor, that sells securities or commodities in expectation of falling prices.
b. A pessimist, especially regarding business conditions.
4. Slang Something that is difficult or unpleasant: The final exam was a bear.
5. Slang A highway patrol officer.
Characterized by falling prices: a bear market.
bear (ur/P/Ch + sidae/T/Ch) ursidae
bear (ko/P/Ch + ala/T/Ch) koala
bear (bru/P/Ch + te/T/Ch) brute
bear (pessi/P/Ch + mist/T/Ch) pessimist
bear (diffi/P/Ch + cult/T/Ch) difficult
* sell/bear; buy/bull
1. the part of each side of the body in humans, at the top of the trunk, extending from each side of the base of the neck to the region where the arm articulates with the trunk.
2. Usually, shoulders. these two parts together with the part of the back joining them.
3. a corresponding part in animals.
4. the upper foreleg and adjoining parts of a sheep, goat, etc.
5. the joint connecting the arm or the foreleg with the trunk.
6. a shoulderlike part or projection.
7. Ornithology. the bend of a bird's wing, between the hand and the forearm, esp. when distinctively colored, as in the red-shouldered hawk, Buteo lineatus.
8. a cut of meat that includes the upper joint of the foreleg.
9. Often, shoulders. Informal. capacity for bearing responsibility or blame or sympathizing with other people: If you want to tell me your troubles, I have broad shoulders.
10. a steplike change in the contour of an object, as for opposing or limiting motion along it or for an abutment.
a. the end surface or surfaces of a piece from which a tenon or tenons project.
b. an inclined and raised surface, as on a joggle post, for receiving and supporting the foot of a strut or the like.
12. Fortification. the angle of a bastion between the face and the flank.
13. Printing. the flat surface on a type body extending beyond the base of the letter or character.
14. the part of a garment that covers, or fits over, the shoulder.
15. (in leather manufacturing) that part of the hide anterior to the butt.
16. either of the two edges or borders along a road, esp. that portion on which vehicles can be parked in emergencies. Compare soft shoulder.
17. shoulder season.
18. Furniture. knee (def. 6).
–verb (used without object)
22. to push with or as if with the shoulder: to shoulder through a crowd.
shoulder (wing/T + 's/P)
shoulders (back/T/Ch + 's/P/Ch)
shoulder (fore/T + limb/P) forelimb
shoulders (fore/T/Ch + limb/P/Ch) forelimb
shoulder (fore/T + leg/P) foreleg
shoulders (fore/T/Ch + leg/P/Ch) foreleg
shoulder (wri/T + st/P) wrist
shoulders (wri/T/Ch + st/P/Ch) wrist
shoulder (pro/T + jection/P) projection
shoulder (Buteo/T + lineatus/P) "Buteo lineatus"
shoulder (foreleg/T + meat/P) "foreleg meat"
shoulder (ca/T + pacity/P) capacity
shoulders (capacity/T/Ch + 's/P/Ch) capacity's
shoulder (con/T + tour/P) contour
shoulder (ten/T + on/P) tenon
shoulder (jo/T + ggle/P) joggle
shoulder (bas/T + tion/P) bastion
shoulder (sur/T + face/P) surface
shoulder (shir/T + t/P) shirt
shoulder (hi/T + de/P) hide
shoulder (ed/T + ge/P) edge
shoulder (sea/T + son/P) season
shoulder (cabri/T + ole/P) cabriole
* When articulating "give a push" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "shoulder" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
–verb (used without object)
4. to continue to exist; last: These words will endure as long as people live who love freedom.
5. to support adverse force or influence of any kind; suffer without yielding; suffer patiently: Even in the darkest ages humanity has endured.
6. to have or gain continued or lasting acknowledgment or recognition, as of worth, merit or greatness: His plays have endured for more than three centuries.
* When articulating "have continuation", "have survival" or "have acknowledgment" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "endure" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
–verb (used without object)
33. to continue in an action, course, position, state, etc.: to keep in sight; to keep going.
34. to remain, or continue to be, as specified: to keep cool.
35. to remain or stay in a particular place: to keep indoors.
36. to continue unimpaired or without spoiling: The food will keep on ice.
37. to admit of being reserved for a future occasion: I have more to tell you, but it will keep.
38. to keep oneself or itself as specified (fol. by away, back, off, out, etc.): Keep off the grass.
39. to restrain oneself; refrain (usually fol. by from): Try to keep from smiling.
* When articulating "be", "remain", "stay", "have freshness", "have reservation", "put yourself" or "be careful" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "keep" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
40. board and lodging; subsistence; support: to work for one's keep.
41. the innermost and strongest structure or central tower of a medieval castle.
42. keeps, (used with a singular verb) a game of marbles in which the players keep the marbles they have won.
subsistence (kee/T + p/C2) keep
castle (kee/C2 + p/P) keep
marbles (keep/P/Ch + s/S/Ch) keeps
43. keep at, to persist in; be steadfast: You'll never master your French unless you keep at it.
44. keep back,
a. to hold in check; restrain: The dikes kept back the floodwaters.
b. to stay away from: The crowds would not keep back from the barrier.
c. to refuse to reveal: The prisoner was keeping back vital information.
45. keep down,
a. to hold under control or at a reduced or acceptable level: to keep your voice down.
b. to prevent from going up or increasing: to keep prices down.
46. keep in with, to stay in someone's favor; be on good terms with: They are social climbers who make certain to keep in with all the right people.
47. keep on, to continue; persist: If you keep on singing they'll ask you to leave.
48. keep to,
a. to adhere to; conform to: She keeps to the rules.
b. to confine oneself to: to keep to one's bed.
49. keep up,
a. to maintain an equal rate of speed, activity, or progress with another or others.
b. to persevere; continue.
c. to maintain the good condition of; keep in repair.
d. Also, keep up on or with. to stay informed: to keep up on current events.
e. to match one's friends, neighbors, business associates, etc., in success, affluence, etc.
"keep at" (do/P + best/S) "do best"
"keep back" (re/P + sist/S) resist
"keep back" (with/P + draw/S) withdraw
"keep back" (re/P + fuse/S) refuse
"keep down" (low/P + er/S) lower
"keep down" (main/P + tain/S) maintain
"keep in with" (p/P + lease/S) please
"keep at" (con/P + tinue/S) continue
* When articulating "keep at" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "keep on" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
"keep to" (foll/P + ow/S) follow
"keep to" (de/P + fend/S) defend
"keep up" (con/P + tend/S) contend
* When articulating "contend" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "contend with" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
"keep up" (perse/P + vere/S) persevere
"keep up" (con/P + tend/S) "be good"
"keep up" (cat/P + ch/S) catch
* When articulating "keep up" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "keep up with" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "keep up" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture, "keep up on" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
"keep up" (emu/P + late/S) emulate
| proof, submission, reverence, observance, density, compact(ed)ness, impenetrability, thick, close, heavy|
| oscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-)|