|Subject ||perfect/right/complete/shoot/speed/race/rush/tear/dash/pose/present/create/rise, lead (to), result (in)
perfect, right, complete, shoot, speed, race, rush, tear, dash, pose, present, create, rise (give rise to), lead (lead to), result (result in)
16. the perfect tense.
17. a verb form or construction in the perfect tense. Compare future perfect, pluperfect, present perfect.
perfect (tens/P/Ch + e/S/Ch) tense
perfect (vΛb/P/Ch + ŋ=/S/Ch) verb [vΛb ŋ=]
–verb (used with object)
18. to bring to completion; finish.
19. to bring to perfection; make flawless or faultless.
20. to bring nearer to perfection; improve.
21. to make fully skilled.
22. Printing. to print the reverse of (a printed sheet).
perfect (fin/P/Ch + ish/S/Ch) finish
perfect (pol/P/Ch + ish/S/Ch) polish
perfect (impr/P/Ch + ove/S/Ch) improve
perfect (ad/P/Ch + apt/S/Ch) adapt
perfect (pr/P/Ch + int/S/Ch) print
18. a just claim or title, whether legal, prescriptive, or moral: You have a right to say what you please.
right (tit/P/Ch + le/S/Ch) title
19. Sometimes, rights. that which is due to anyone by just claim, legal guarantees, moral principles, etc.: women's rights; Freedom of speech is a right of all Americans.
rights (guarant/P/Ch + ee/S/Ch) guarantee
right (guarant/P + ee/S) guarantee
20. adherence or obedience to moral and legal principles and authority.
21. that which is morally, legally, or ethically proper: to know right from wrong.
22. a moral, ethical, or legal principle considered as an underlying cause of truth, justice, morality, or ethics.
right (adh/P/Ch + erence/S/Ch) adherence
right (right/P/Ch + ness/S/Ch) rightness
right (princ/P/Ch + iple/S/Ch) principle
23. Sometimes, rights. the interest or ownership a person, group, or business has in property: He has a 50-percent right in a silver mine. The author controls the screen rights for the book.
rights (inter/P/Ch + est/S/Ch) interest
right (inter/P + est/S) interest
24. the property itself or its value.
right (val/P/Ch + ue/S/Ch) value
a. the privilege, usually preemptive, that accrues to the owners of the stock of a corporation to subscribe to additional shares of stock or securities convertible into stock at an advantageous price.
b. Often, rights. the privilege of subscribing to a specified amount of a stock or bond issue, or the document certifying this privilege.
right (priv/P/Ch + ilege/S/Ch) privilege
rights (docu/P/Ch + ment/S/Ch) document
right (docu/P + ment/S) document
26. that which is in accord with fact, reason, propriety, the correct way of thinking, etc.
27. the state or quality or an instance of being correct.
28. the side that is normally opposite to that where the heart is; the direction toward that side: to turn to the right.
29. a right-hand turn: Make a right at the top of the hill.
30. the portion toward the right, as of troops in battle formation: Our right crumbled.
31. (in a pair) the member that is shaped for, used by, or situated on the right side: Is this shoe a left or a right?
32. the right hand: Jab with your left and punch with your right.
right (correct/P/Ch + ness/S/Ch) correctness
right (dir/P/Ch + ection/S/Ch) direction
right (right-hand/P/Ch + turn/S/Ch) "right-hand turn"
right (port/P/Ch + ion/S/Ch) portion
right (right/P/Ch + side/S/Ch) "right side"
right (right/P/Ch + hand/S/Ch) "right hand"
33. the Right,
a. the complex of individuals or organized groups opposing change in a liberal direction and usually advocating maintenance of the established social, political, or economic order, sometimes by authoritarian means.
b. the position held by these people: The Depression led to a movement away from the Right. Compare left 1 (defs. 6a, b).
c. right wing.
"the right" (maint/P/Ch + enance/S/Ch) maintenance
"the right" (pos/P/Ch + tion/S/Ch) position
"the right" (right/P/Ch + wing/S/Ch) "right wing"
34. (usually initial capital letter) the part of a legislative assembly, esp. in continental Europe, that is situated on the right side of the presiding officer and that is customarily assigned to members of the legislature who hold more conservative or reactionary views than the rest of the members.
35. the members of such an assembly who sit on the Right.
36. Boxing. a blow delivered by the right hand: a right to the jaw.
37. Baseball. right field.
right (memb/P/Ch + er/S/Ch) member
right (ass/P/Ch + embly/S/Ch) assembly
right (right/P/Ch + field/S/Ch) "right field"
38. in a straight or direct line; straight; directly: right to the bottom; to come right home.
39. quite or completely; all the way: My hat was knocked right off.
40. immediately; promptly: right after dinner.
41. exactly; precisely: right here.
42. correctly or accurately: to guess right.
43. uprightly or righteously: to obey one's conscience and live right.
44. properly or fittingly: to behave right.
45. advantageously, favorably, or well: to turn out right.
46. toward the right hand; on or to the right: to keep right; to turn right.
47. Informal. very; extremely: a right fine day.
48. very (used in certain titles): the right reverend.
right (val/P/Ch + ue/S/Ch) straight
right ("all the"/P/Ch + way/S/Ch) "all the way"
right (imm/P/Ch + ediately/S/Ch) immediately
right (ex/P/Ch + actly/S/Ch) exactly
right (accur/P/Ch + ately/S/Ch) accurately
right (right/P/Ch + eously/S/Ch) righteously
right (fitt/P/Ch + ingly/S/Ch) fittingly
right (fav/P/Ch + orably/S/Ch) favorably
right ("to the"/P/Ch + right/S/Ch) "to the right"
* When articulating "reverend" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "the right reverend" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
–verb (used with object)
49. to put in or restore to an upright position: to right a fallen lamp.
50. to put in proper order, condition, or relationship: to right a crookedly hung picture.
51. to bring into conformity with fact; correct: to right one's point of view.
52. to do justice to; avenge: to be righted in court.
53. to redress, as a wrong.
–verb (used without object)
54. to resume an upright or the proper position: After the storm the saplings righted.
right (s/P/Ch + tand/S/Ch) stand
right (set/P/Ch + ŋ=l/S/Ch) settle [set ŋ=l]
right (c/P/Ch + larify/S/Ch) clarify
right (a/P/Ch + vengeS/Ch) avenge
right (re/P/Ch + dress/S/Ch) redress
Our Living Language Speakers of Standard English mainly restrict the use of adverbial right to modify adverbs of space or time, as in She's right over there or Do it right now! No such restriction applies in Southern vernacular speech, where right can be used to intensify the meaning of many adjectives and adverbs, as in He's right nice or You talk right fast. This broader use of right is attested as far back as the 15th century and is found in the works of Shakespeare and other great writers. Thus, what appears to be neglect of Standard English rules is actually the retention of a once-proper historical usage. • The use of right as an adverb indicating directness, completeness, or general intensity seems to be related to the use of right in a more concrete sense to refer to something that is perfectly straight or perpendicular to something else, as in right angle. A similar connection between concrete and metaphorical meaning lies behind the Southern adverbial usage of plumb, as in He fell plumb asleep as an indicator of completeness or totality. See Note at smart.
* When articulating "over there" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "right over there" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "now" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "right now" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
plumb (utt/P + erly/S) utterly
* When articulating "very" or "survive" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "right" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "survive" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abT speaking posture, "righted" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "righted" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abT speaking posture, "rights" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "rights" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/abT speaking posture, "righting" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
–verb (used with object)
11. to make whole or entire: I need three more words to complete the puzzle.
12. to make perfect: His parting look of impotent rage completed my revenge.
13. to bring to an end; finish: Has he completed his new novel yet?
14. to consummate.
15. Football. to execute (a forward pass) successfully: He completed 17 passes in 33 attempts.
complete (sal/S/Ch + v=/P/Ch) solve [sal v=]
complete (sat/S/Ch + isfy/P/Ch) satisfy
complete (fin/S/Ch + ish/P/Ch) finish
complete (cons/S/Ch + ummate/P/Ch) consummate
complete (a/S/Ch + chieve/P/Ch) achieve
1. To discharge a missile from a weapon.
2. To discharge or fire; go off.
a. To gush or spurt: Water shot out of the geyser.
b. To appear suddenly: The sun shot through a break in the clouds.
4. To move swiftly; dart.
5. To be felt moving or as if moving in the body: Pain shot through my lower leg.
6. To protrude; project: The headland shoots far out into the sea.
7. To engage in hunting or the firing of weapons, especially for sport: is shooting in Scotland during the fall.
8. To put forth new growth; germinate.
a. To take pictures.
b. To film a scene in a movie.
10. Sports & Games To propel a ball or other object toward the goal or in a specific direction or manner.
11. Games To throw dice.
12. Slang To begin talking. Often used in the imperative: I know you have something to tell me, so shoot!
13. To slide into or out of a fastening. Used of the bolt of a lock.
* When articulating "hurl a missile", "go out", "boil off", "make a presence", "speed it", "be felt", "push up", "give the shot", "germinate bud", "take a photograph", "make picture", "send a ball", "throw dice", "tell it" or "move the bolt" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "shoot" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1. The motion or movement of something that is propelled, driven, or discharged.
a. The young growth arising from a germinating seed; a sprout.
b. A bud, young leaf, or other new growth on a plant.
3. A narrow, swift, or turbulent section of a stream.
a. The act of discharging a weapon or letting fly a missile.
b. Informal The launching of a rocket or similar missile.
a. An organized shooting activity, such as a skeet tournament or hunt.
b. A round of shots in a contest with firearms.
6. A session in which something is photographed, filmed, or videotaped.
7. The distance a shot travels; the range.
8. Nautical The interval between strokes in rowing.
9. A sharp twinge or spasm of pain.
10. An inclined channel for moving something; a chute.
11. A body of ore in a vein.
shoot (movem/P + ent/S) movement
shoot (spr/P + out/S) sprout
shoot (bu/P + d/S) bud
shoot (str/P + eam/S) stream
shoot (fi/P + re/S) fire
shoot (rock/P + et/S) rocket
shoot (sk/P + eet/S) skeet
shoot (fire/P + arm/S) firearm
shoot (sess/P + ion/S) session
shoot (ran/P + ge/S) range
shoot (str/P + oke/S) stroke
shoot (s/P + pasm/S) spasm
shoot (chu/P + te/S) chute
shoot (o/P + re/S) ore
Used to express surprise, mild annoyance, or disappointment.
shoot (no/P + ŋ=/S)/FS no [no ŋ=]
1. To bring down (an aircraft, for example) by hitting and damaging with gunfire or a missile.
2. Informal To ruin the aspirations of; disappoint.
a. To put an end to; defeat: shot down the proposal.
b. To expose as false; discredit: shot down his theory.
"shoot down" (dam/P + age/S) damage
"shoot down" (disapp/P + oint/S) disappoint
"shoot down" (def/P + eat/S) defeat
"shoot down" (dis/P + credit/S) discredit
shoot for/at Informal
To strive or aim for; have as a goal.
"shoot for" (str/P + ive/S) strive
"shoot at" (str/P/Ch + ive/S/Ch) strive
1. Informal To grow or get taller rapidly.
2. To increase dramatically in amount.
3. To riddle with bullets.
4. To damage or terrorize (a town, for example) by intense or random gunfire.
5. Slang To inject a drug with a hypodermic syringe.
"shoot up" (gr/P + ow/S) grow
"shoot up" (in/P + crease/S) increase
"shoot up" (rid/P + ŋ=l/S) riddle [rid ŋ=l]
"shoot up" (terror/P + ize/S) terrorize
"shoot up" (in/P + ject/S) inject
1. Physics The rate or a measure of the rate of motion, especially:
a. Distance traveled divided by the time of travel.
b. The limit of this quotient as the time of travel becomes vanishingly small; the first derivative of distance with respect to time.
c. The magnitude of a velocity.
speed (dis/P + tance/S) distance
speed (der/P + ivative/S) derivative
speed (magnit/P + ude/S) magnitude
2. Swiftness of action.
a. The act of moving rapidly.
b. The state of being in rapid motion; rapidity.
4. A transmission gear or set of gears in a motor vehicle.
speed (swiftn/P + ess/S) swiftness
speed (ac/P + t/S) act
speed (rap/P + idity/S) rapidity
speed (ge/P + ar/S) gear
a. A numerical expression of the sensitivity of a photographic film, plate, or paper to light.
b. The capacity of a lens to accumulate light at an appropriate aperture.
c. The length of time required or permitted for a camera shutter to open and admit light.
speed (sens/P + itivity/S) sensitivity
speed (ap/P + erture/S) aperture
speed (shutt/P + er/S) shutter
6. Slang A stimulant drug, especially amphetamine or methamphetamine.
7. Slang One that suits or appeals to a person's inclinations, skills, or character: Living in a large city is not my speed.
8. Archaic Prosperity; luck.
speed (amph/P + etamine/S) amphetamine
speed (char/P + acter/S) character
speed (pros/P + perity/S) prosperity
a. To go, move, or proceed quickly: sped to the rescue.
b. To drive at a speed exceeding a legal limit: was speeding on the freeway.
2. To pass quickly: The days sped by. The months have sped along.
3. To move, work, or happen at a faster rate; accelerate: His pulse speeded up.
a. To prove successful; prosper.
b. To get along in a specified manner; fare.
* When articulating "run", "drive too fast", "flee", "be increased", "have prosperity" or "get along" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "speed" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1. a contest of speed, as in running, riding, driving, or sailing.
race (cont/S + est/P) contest
2. races, a series of races, usually of horses or dogs, run at a set time over a regular course: They spent a day at the races.
races (ser/S + ies/P) series
3. any contest or competition, esp. to achieve superiority: the arms race; the presidential race.
4. urgent need, responsibility, effort, etc., as when time is short or a solution is imperative: the race to find an effective vaccine.
5. onward movement; an onward or regular course.
6. the course of time.
7. the course of life or a part of life.
race (cont/S + est/P) superiority
race (nee/S + d/P) need
race (move/S + ment/P) movement
race (cour/S + se/P) course
race (par/S + t/P) part
a. a strong or rapid current of water, as in the sea or a river.
b. the channel or bed of such a current or of any stream.
race (curr/S + ent/P) current
race (be/S + d/P) bed
9. an artificial channel leading water to or from a place where its energy is utilized.
10. the current of water in such a channel.
race (wat/S + er/P) water
race ("current of"/S + water/P) "current of water"
11. Also called raceway. Machinery. a channel, groove, or the like, for sliding or rolling a part or parts, as the balls of a ball bearing.
race (g/S + roove/P) groove
raceway (g/S/Ch + roove/P/Ch) groove
a. the float between adjacent rows of pile.
b. race plate.
race (fl/S + oat/P) float
"race plate" (fl/S/Ch + oat/P/Ch) float
–verb (used without object)
13. to engage in a contest of speed; run a race.
14. to run horses or dogs in races; engage in or practice horse racing or dog racing.
15. to run, move, or go swiftly.
16. (of an engine, wheel, etc.) to run with undue or uncontrolled speed when the load is diminished without corresponding diminution of fuel, force, etc.
* When articulating "compete in a race", "do horse racing", "haste it" or "carry no load" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "race" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1. a group of persons related by common descent or heredity.
2. a population so related.
race (pers/S + on/P) person
race (popul/S + ation/P) population
a. any of the traditional divisions of humankind, the commonest being the Caucasian, Mongoloid, and Negro, characterized by supposedly distinctive and universal physical characteristics: no longer in technical use.
b. an arbitrary classification of modern humans, sometimes, esp. formerly, based on any or a combination of various physical characteristics, as skin color, facial form, or eye shape, and now frequently based on such genetic markers as blood groups.
c. a human population partially isolated reproductively from other populations, whose members share a greater degree of physical and genetic similarity with one another than with other humans.
race (human/S + kind/P) humankind
race (hum/S + an/P) human
race (simil/S + arity/P) similarity
4. a group of tribes or peoples forming an ethnic stock: the Slavic race.
5. any people united by common history, language, cultural traits, etc.: the Dutch race.
6. the human race or family; humankind: Nuclear weapons pose a threat to the race.
7. Zoology. a variety; subspecies.
8. a natural kind of living creature: the race of fishes.
9. any group, class, or kind, esp. of persons: Journalists are an interesting race.
10. the characteristic taste or flavor of wine.
race (tr/S + ibe/P) tribe
race (peop/S + le/P) people
race (fam/S + ily/P) family
race (sub/S + species/P) subspecies
race (cr/S + eature/P) creature
race ("group of"/S + persons/P) "group of persons"
race (tas/S + te/P) taste
11. of or pertaining to the races of humankind.
race (of/S + humankind/P) "of humankind"
a ginger root.
race (ginger/S + root/P) "ginger root"
Cape, a cape at the SE extremity of Newfoundland.
race (Cap/S + e/P) Cape
Usage Note: The notion of race is nearly as problematic from a scientific point of view as it is from a social one. European physical anthropologists of the 17th and 18th centuries proposed various systems of racial classifications based on such observable characteristics as skin color, hair type, body proportions, and skull measurements, essentially codifying the perceived differences among broad geographic populations of humans. The traditional terms for these populations—Caucasoid (or Caucasian), Mongoloid, Negroid, and in some systems Australoid—are now controversial in both technical and nontechnical usage, and in some cases they may well be considered offensive. (Caucasian does retain a certain currency in American English, but it is used almost exclusively to mean "white" or "European" rather than "belonging to the Caucasian race," a group that includes a variety of peoples generally categorized as nonwhite.) The biological aspect of race is described today not in observable physical features but rather in such genetic characteristics as blood groups and metabolic processes, and the groupings indicated by these factors seldom coincide very neatly with those put forward by earlier physical anthropologists. Citing this and other points—such as the fact that a person who is considered black in one society might be nonblack in another—many cultural anthropologists now consider race to be more a social or mental construct than an objective biological fact.
Caucasian (whi/P + te/S) white
Caucasian (Europ/P + ean/S) European
–verb (used without object)
1. to move, act, or progress with speed, impetuosity, or violence.
2. to dash, esp. to dash forward for an attack or onslaught.
3. to appear, go, pass, etc., rapidly or suddenly: The blood rushed to his face.
4. Football. to carry the ball on a running play or plays.
* When articulating "hurry it", "make an attack", "make an appearance" or "handle the ball" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "rush" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
14. the act of rushing; a rapid, impetuous, or violent onward movement.
15. a hostile attack.
16. an eager rushing of numbers of persons to some region that is being occupied or exploited, esp. because of a new mine: the gold rush to California.
17. a sudden appearance or access: a rush of tears.
18. hurried activity; busy haste: the rush of city life.
19. a hurried state, as from pressure of affairs: to be in a rush.
20. press of work, business, traffic, etc., requiring extraordinary effort or haste.
rush (rush/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch) rushing
rush (att/S/Ch + ack/P/Ch) attack
rush (ma/S/Ch + in/P/Ch) mine [ma in]
rush (acc/S/Ch + essCh) access
rush (act/S/Ch + ivity/P/Ch) activity
rush (pr/S/Ch + essure/P/Ch) pressure
rush ("press of"/S/Ch + work/P/Ch) "press of work"
a. an attempt to carry or instance of carrying the ball across the line of scrimmage.
b. an act or instance of rushing the offensive back in possession of the ball.
rush (scr/S/Ch + immage/P/Ch) scrimmage
rush (off/S/Ch + ense/P/Ch) offense
22. a scrimmage held as a form of sport between classes or bodies of students in colleges.
23. rushes, Movies. daily (def. 4).
24. Informal. a series of lavish attentions paid a woman by a suitor: He gave her a big rush.
25. the rushing by a fraternity or sorority.
26. Also called flash. Slang. the initial, intensely pleasurable or exhilarated feeling experienced upon taking a narcotic or stimulant drug.
rush (sp/S/Ch + ort/P/Ch) sport
rushes (dail/S/Ch + y/P/Ch) daily
rush (att/S/Ch + ention/P/Ch) attention
rush (fratern/S/Ch + ity/P/Ch) fraternity
rush (narc/S/Ch + otic/P/Ch) narcotic
flash (narc/S + otic/P) narcotic
27. requiring or done in haste: a rush order; rush work.
28. characterized by excessive business, a press of work or traffic, etc.: The cafeteria's rush period was from noon to two in the afternoon.
29. characterized by the rushing of potential new members by a sorority or fraternity: rush week on the university campus.
rush (hast/S/Ch + y/P/Ch) hasty
rush (bus/S/Ch + y/P/Ch) busy
rush (persu/S/Ch + asive/P/Ch) persuasive
1. any grasslike plant of the genus Juncus, having pithy or hollow stems, found in wet or marshy places. Compare rush family.
2. any plant of the rush family.
3. any of various similar plants.
4. a stem of such a plant, used for making chair bottoms, mats, baskets, etc.
5. something of little or no value; trifle: not worth a rush.
rush (gr/S/Ch + ass/P/Ch) grass
rush (pl/S/Ch + ant/P/Ch) plant
rush (an/S/Ch + yc/P/Ch) any
rush (s/S/Ch + tem/P/Ch) stem
rush (tr/S/Ch + ifle/P/Ch) trifle
1. To become torn.
2. To move with heedless speed; rush headlong.
* When articulating "be torn", "run" or "make a crevice" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "tear" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1. The act of tearing.
2. The result of tearing; a rip or rent.
3. A great rush; a hurry.
4. Slang A carousal; a spree.
tear (tear/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch) tearing
tear (ren/S/Ch + t/P/Ch) rent
tear (hurr/S/Ch + y/P/Ch) hurry
tear (spr/S/Ch + ee/P/Ch) spree
tear around Informal
1. To move about in excited, often angry haste.
2. To lead a wild life.
"tear around" (move/S/Ch + about/P/Ch) "move about"
"tear around" (live/S/Ch + wildly/P/Ch) "live wildly"
1. To pull at or attack violently: The dog tore at the meat.
2. To distress greatly: Their plight tore at his heart.
"tear at" (att/S/Ch + ack/P/Ch) attack
"tear at" (dis/S/Ch + tress/P/Ch) distress
To remove (oneself, for example) unwillingly or reluctantly.
"tear away" (rem/S/Ch + ove/P/Ch) remove
1. To demolish: tear down old tenements.
2. To take apart; disassemble: tear down an engine.
3. To vilify or denigrate.
"tear down" (dem/S/Ch + olish/P/Ch) demolish
"tear down" (disass/S/Ch + emble/P/Ch) disassemble
"tear down" (den/S/Ch + igrate/P/Ch) denigrate
To attack with great vigor or violence: tore into the food; tore into his opponent.
"tear into" (att/S/Ch + ack/P/Ch) attack
tear off Informal
To produce hurriedly and casually: tearing off article after news article.
"tear off" (imit/S/Ch + ate/P/Ch) imitate
1. To tear to pieces.
2. To make an opening in: tore up the sidewalk to add a drain.
"tear up" (cr/S/Ch + ack/P/Ch) crack
"tear up" (di/S/Ch + g/P/Ch) dig
a. A drop of the clear salty liquid that is secreted by the lachrymal gland of the eye to lubricate the surface between the eyeball and eyelid and to wash away irritants.
b. tears A profusion of this liquid spilling from the eyes and wetting the cheeks, especially as an expression of emotion.
c. tears The act of weeping: criticism that left me in tears.
2. A drop of a liquid or hardened fluid.
intr.v. teared, tear•ing, tears
To fill with tears.
tear [te ŋΛ] (liq/S/Ch + uid/P/Ch) liquid
tears [ti ŋΛ z=] (em/S/Ch + otion/P/Ch) emotion
tears [ti ŋΛ z=] (em/S/Ch + otion/P/Ch) weeping
tear [te ŋΛ] (dr/S/Ch + op/P/Ch) drop
* When articulating "tear [te ŋΛ]" or "tears [ti ŋΛ z=]" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "tear [ti ŋΛ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "tear [te ŋΛ]" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture, "teared [ti ŋΛ d=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "teared [ti ŋΛ d=]" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abT speaking posture, "tears [ti ŋΛ z=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "tears [ti ŋΛ z=]" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/abT speaking posture, "tearing [ti ŋΛ riŋ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
–verb (used without object)
9. to strike with violence: The waves dashed against the cliff.
10. to move with violence; rush: The horses dashed out of the burning stable.
* When articulating "have crash" or "have stampede" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "dash" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
11. a small quantity of anything thrown into or mixed with something else: a dash of salt.
12. a hasty or sudden movement; a rush or sudden onset: They all made a dash for the door.
13. the mark or sign (—) used to note an abrupt break or pause in a sentence or hesitation in an utterance, to begin and end a parenthetic word, phrase, or clause, to indicate the omission of letters or words, to divide a line, to substitute for certain uses of the colon, and to separate any of various elements of a sentence or series of sentences, as a question from its answer.
14. the throwing or splashing of liquid against something: the dash of the waves against the dock.
15. the sound of such splashing: The dash of the waves on the beach could be heard from afar.
dash (quant/S/Ch + ity/P/Ch) quantity
dash (move/S/Ch + ment/P/Ch) movement
dash (paus/S/Ch + e/P/Ch) pause
dash (thr/S/Ch + owing/P/Ch) throwing
dash (soun/S/Ch + d/P/Ch) sound
16. spirited action; élan; vigor in action or style: The dancer performed with spirit and dash.
17. Track. a short race: a 100-yard dash.
18. dashboard (def. 1).
19. Telegraphy. a signal of longer duration than a dot, used in groups of dots, dashes, and spaces to represent letters, as in Morse code.
20. a hasty stroke, esp. of a pen.
21. Archaic. a violent and rapid blow or stroke.
dash (él/S/Ch + an/P/Ch) élan
dash (tr/S/Ch + ack/P/Ch) Track
dash (dash/S/Ch + board/P/Ch) dashboard
dash (dur/S/Ch + ation/P/Ch) duration
dash (str/S/Ch + oke/P/Ch) stroke
dash (bl/S/Ch + ow/P/Ch) blow
22. dash off,
a. to hurry away; leave: I must dash off now.
b. Also, dash down. to write, make, accomplish, etc., hastily: We dashed off a letter to announce the news. He dashed down a memo.
"dash off" (leav/S/Ch + e/P/Ch) leave
"dash off" (writ/S/Ch + e/P/Ch) write
"dash down" (writ/S + e/P) write
–verb (used with object) Chiefly British.
to damn (usually used interjectionally).
dash (damn/S/Ch + it/P/Ch)/FS "damn it"
dash (con/S/Ch + demn/P/Ch) condemn
1. a tip, bribe, or recompense.
dash (recomp/S/Ch + ense/P/Ch) recompense
dash (brib/S/Ch + erey/P/Ch) bribery
–verb (used with object)
3. to give a tip or bribe to (esp. a government employee).
dash ("grease the"/S/Ch + "palm of"/P/Ch) "grease the palm of"
–verb (used without object)
1. to assume a particular attitude or stance, esp. with the hope of impressing others: He likes to pose as an authority on literature.
2. to present oneself insincerely: He seems to be posing in all his behavior.
3. to assume or hold a physical attitude, as for an artistic purpose: to pose for a painter.
* When articulating "have an assumption", "have an affectation" or "have a posture" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "pose" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
7. a bodily attitude or posture: Her pose had a note of defiance in it.
8. a mental attitude or posture: a pose cultivated by the upper classes.
9. the act or period of posing, as for a picture.
10. a position or attitude assumed in posing, or exhibited by a figure in a picture, sculptural work, tableau, or the like.
11. a moment in which a dancer remains motionless, usually in an assumed posture.
12. a studied attitude; affectation: His liberalism is merely a pose.
pose (post/S + ure/P) posture
pose (mental/S + attitude/P) "mental attitude"
pose (peri/S + od/P) period
pose (attit/S + ude/P) attitude
pose (mom/S + ent/P) moment
pose (affect/S + ation/P) affectation
–verb (used with object), posed, pos⋅ing.
1. to embarrass or baffle, as by a difficult question or problem.
2. Obsolete. to examine by putting questions.
pose (baffle/S + ŋ=l/P) baffle [bæf ŋ=l]
pose (ex/S + amine/P) examine
1. being, existing, or occurring at this time or now; current: the present ruler.
2. at this time; at hand; immediate: articles for present use.
present (curr/S + ent/P) current
present (imm/S + ediate/P) immediate
a. noting an action or state occurring at the moment of speaking. Knows is a present form in He knows that.
b. noting or pertaining to a tense or other verb formation with such meaning.
present (verb/S + al/P) verbal
present (temp/S + oral/P) temporal
4. being with one or others or in the specified or understood place: to be present at the wedding.
5. being here: Is everyone present?
6. existing or occurring in a place, thing, combination, or the like: Carbon is present in many minerals.
7. being actually here or under consideration: the present document; the present topic.
8. being before the mind.
9. Obsolete. mentally alert and calm, esp. in emergencies.
10. Obsolete. immediate or instant.
"be present" (att/S + end/P) attend
present (av/S + ailable/P) available
present (cont/S + ained/P) contained
present (on/S + going/P) ongoing
present (ment/S + al/P) mental
present (att/S + entive/P) attentive
present (inst/S + ant/P) instant
11. the present time.
a. the present tense.
b. a verb formation or construction with present meaning.
c. a form in the present.
13. presents, Law. the present writings, or this document, used in a deed of conveyance, a lease, etc., to denote the document itself: Know all men by these presents.
14. Obsolete. the matter in hand.
present (nowad/S + ays/P) nowadays
present (present/S + tense/P) "present tense"
present (ver/S + b/P) verb
present (present/S + form/P) "present form"
presents (docum/S + ent/P) document
present (matt/S + er/P) matter
1. To manifest as a part of a disease or medical condition.
2. To make a presentation.
* When articulating "make a manifestation" or "give a gift" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "present" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1. pres•ent (prĕz'ənt) Something presented; a gift.
2. pre•sent (prĭ-zĕnt') The position of a rifle or other weapon when presented.
present (don/S + ation/P) donation
present (rif/S + le/P) rifle
–verb (used without object)
7. to do something creative or constructive.
8. British. to make a fuss.
9. Archaic. created.
* When articulating "make an invention" or "make a row" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "create" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
create (inv/S + ented/P) invented
71. rise (give rise to)
–verb (used without object)
1. to get up from a lying, sitting, or kneeling posture; assume an upright position: She rose and walked over to greet me. With great effort he rose to his knees.
2. to get up from bed, esp. to begin the day after a night's sleep: to rise early.
3. to become erect and stiff, as the hair in fright.
4. to get up after falling or being thrown down.
5. to become active in opposition or resistance; revolt or rebel.
6. to be built up, erected, or constructed.
7. to spring up or grow, as plants: Weeds rose overnight.
8. to become prominent on or project from a surface, as a blister.
9. to come into existence; appear.
10. to come into action, as a wind or storm.
11. to occur: A quarrel rose between them.
12. to originate, issue, or be derived; to have a source.
13. to move from a lower to a higher position; move upward; ascend: The bird rose in the air.
14. to ascend above the horizon, as a heavenly body.
15. to extend directly upward; project vertically: The tower rises to a height of 60 feet. The building rises above the city's other skyscrapers.
16. to have an upward slant or curve: The path rises as it approaches the woods.
17. to attain higher rank, status, or importance or a higher economic level: to rise in the world.
18. to advance to a higher level of action, thought, feeling, etc.: to rise above the commonplace.
19. Angling. (of fish) to come up toward the surface of the water in pursuit of food or bait.
20. to prove oneself equal to a demand, emergency, etc. (fol. by to): to rise to the occasion; to rise to one's responsibilities.
21. to become animated, cheerful, or heartened, as the spirits.
22. to become roused or stirred: to feel one's temper rising.
23. to increase in height, as the level of water: The river rose thirty feet in eight hours.
24. to swell or puff up, as dough from the action of yeast.
25. to increase in amount, as prices.
26. to increase in price or value, as commodities.
27. to increase in degree, intensity, or force, as fever, color, etc.
28. to become louder or of higher pitch, as the voice.
29. to adjourn or close a session, as a deliberative body or court.
30. to return from the dead: Christ rose from the dead and on the third day ascended into heaven.
* When articulating "give rise to", "stand up", "wake up", "have stiffness", "raise oneself", "make revolution", "have a construction", "arise", "jut out", "come into being", "begin action", "occur", "have a source", "have a promotion", "have ascendency", "have upwardness", "go upward", "have status", "have advancement", "have pursuit", "have equality", "have the cheer", "rouse temper", "increase level", "have inflation", "increase amount", "have raising", "increase force", "raise the voice", "finish a session" or "have the life" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "rise" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "give rise to" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture, "rose" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "rose" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abT speaking posture, "rises" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "rose" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "risen" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "rose" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/abT speaking posture, "rising" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
–verb (used with object)
31. Nonstandard. to cause to rise.
32. Nautical. to cause (something) to rise above the visible horizon by approaching nearer to it; raise.
rise (rai/S/Ch + se/P/Ch) raise
rise (a/S/Ch + pproach/P/Ch) approach
33. an act or instance of rising.
34. appearance above the horizon, as of the sun or moon.
35. elevation or increase in rank, fortune, influence, power, etc.: the rise and fall of ancient Rome.
36. an increase in height, as of the level of water.
37. the amount of such increase.
38. an increase in amount, as of prices.
39. an increase in price or value, as of commodities.
40. Chiefly British. raise (defs. 33–35).
41. an increase in degree or intensity, as of temperature.
42. an increase in loudness or in pitch, as of the voice.
rise (ris/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch) rising
rise (hor/S/Ch + izon/P/Ch) horizon
rise (elev/S/Ch + ation/P/Ch) elevation
rise (heigh/S/Ch + t/P/Ch) height
rise (am/S/Ch + ount/P/Ch) amount
rise (pr/S/Ch + ice/P/Ch) price
rise (rai/S/Ch + se/P/Ch) raise
rise (incr/S/Ch + ease/P/Ch) increase
rise (loudn/S/Ch + ess/P/Ch) loudness
43. Architecture, Building Trades.
a. the measured height of any of various things, as a roof, a flight of steps, a stair step, or the crown of a road.
b. the measured height of an arch from the springing line to the highest point of the intrados.
rise (heigh/S/Ch + t/P/Ch) height
rise (ŋac/S/Ch + ŋi/P/Ch) arch [ŋac ŋi]
44. the vertical distance through which the floor of an elevator or the like passes.
45. origin, source, or beginning: the rise of a stream in a mountain.
46. a coming into existence or notice: the rise of a new talent.
47. extension upward.
48. the amount of such extension.
rise (dist/S/Ch + ance/P/Ch) distance
rise (beg/S/Ch + inning/P/Ch) beginning
rise (not/S/Ch + ice/P/Ch) notice
rise (ext/S/Ch + ension/P/Ch) extension
rise (am/S/Ch + ount/P/Ch) amount
49. upward slope, as of ground or a road.
50. a piece of rising or high ground: a house built upon a gentle rise.
51. the distance between the crotch and the waist of a pair of trousers: Pants with a high rise are now in style.
52. Angling. the coming up of a fish toward the surface in pursuit of food or bait.
rise (sl/S/Ch + ope/P/Ch) slope
rise (gr/S/Ch + ound/P/Ch) ground
rise (tr/S/Ch + ousers/P/Ch) trousers
rise (com/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch) coming
53. rise above, to ignore or be indifferent to, as an insult.
"rise above" (ign/S/Ch + ore/P/Ch) ignore
72. lead (lead to)
–verb (used with object)
1. to go before or with to show the way; conduct or escort: to lead a group on a cross-country hike.
2. to conduct by holding and guiding: to lead a horse by a rope.
3. to influence or induce; cause: Subsequent events led him to reconsider his position.
4. to guide in direction, course, action, opinion, etc.; bring: You can lead her around to your point of view if you are persistent.
5. to conduct or bring (water, wire, etc.) in a particular course.
lead (esc/S/Ch + ort/P/Ch) escort
lead (cond/S/Ch + uct/P/Ch) conduct
lead (ind/S/Ch + uce/P/Ch) induce
lead (br/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch) bring
lead (dr/S/Ch + aw/P/Ch) draw
6. (of a road, passage, etc.) to serve to bring (a person) to a place: The first street on the left will lead you to Andrews Place.
7. to take or bring: The prisoners were led into the warden's office.
8. to command or direct (an army or other large organization): He led the Allied forces during the war.
9. to go at the head of or in advance of (a procession, list, body, etc.); proceed first in: The mayor will lead the parade.
10. to be superior to; have the advantage over: The first baseman leads his teammates in runs batted in.
lead (carr/S/Ch + y/P/Ch) carry
lead ("te ik"/S/Ch + ŋ=/P/Ch) take [te ik ŋ=]
lead (comm/S/Ch + and/P/Ch) command
lead (proc/S/Ch + eed/P/Ch) proceed
lead (dir/S/Ch + ect/P/Ch) direct
11. to have top position or first place in: Iowa leads the nation in corn production.
12. to have the directing or principal part in: The minister will now lead us in prayer. He led a peace movement.
13. to act as leader of (an orchestra, band, etc.); conduct.
14. to go through or pass (time, life, etc.): to lead a full life.
15. Cards. to begin a round, game, etc., with (a card or suit specified).
16. to aim and fire a firearm or cannon ahead of (a moving target) in order to allow for the travel of the target while the bullet or shell is reaching it.
17. Football. to throw a lead pass to (an intended receiver): The quarterback led the left end.
lead ("be the"/S/Ch + "first in"/P/Ch) "be the first in"
lead (pres/S/Ch + ide/P/Ch) preside
lead ("be the"/S/Ch + "leader of"/P/Ch) "be the leader of"
lead (enj/S/Ch + oy/P/Ch) enjoy
lead (open/S/Ch + with/P/Ch) "open with"
lead (all/S/Ch + ow/P/Ch) allow
lead (thr/S/Ch + ow/P/Ch) throw
–verb (used without object)
18. to act as a guide; show the way: You lead and we'll follow.
19. to afford passage to a place: That path leads directly to the house.
20. to go first; be in advance: The band will lead and the troops will follow.
21. to result in; tend toward (usually fol. by to): The incident led to his resignation. One remark often leads to another.
22. to take the directing or principal part.
23. to take the offensive: The contender led with a right to the body.
24. Cards. to make the first play.
25. to be led or submit to being led, as a horse: A properly trained horse will lead easily.
26. Baseball. (of a base runner) to leave a base before the delivery of a pitch in order to reach the next base more quickly (often fol. by away).
27. lead back, to play (a card) from a suit that one's partner led.
* When articulating "lead to", "go", "be in the front", "give guidance", "give a hit", "give the service", "be led", "advance paces", "start the step" or "return the service" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "lead" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "lead to" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture, "led" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "led" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abT speaking posture, "leads" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "leads" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/abT speaking posture, "leading" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
28. the first or foremost place; position in advance of others: He took the lead in the race.
29. the extent of such an advance position: He had a lead of four lengths.
30. a person or thing that leads.
31. a leash.
32. a suggestion or piece of information that helps to direct or guide; tip; clue: I got a lead on a new job. The phone list provided some great sales leads.
33. a guide or indication of a road, course, method, etc., to follow.
34. precedence; example; leadership: They followed the lead of the capital in their fashions.
lead (the/S/Ch + first/P/Ch) "the first"
lead (ext/S/Ch + ent/P/Ch) extent
lead ("a person"/S/Ch + "that leads"/P/Ch) "a person that leads"
lead ("lis"/S/Ch + ŋi/P/Ch) leash [lis ŋi]
lead (sugg/S/Ch + estion/P/Ch) suggestion
lead (indic/S/Ch + ication/P/Ch) indication
lead (pre/S/Ch + cedence/P/Ch) precedence
a. the principal part in a play.
b. the person who plays it.
a. the act or right of playing first, as in a round.
b. the card, suit, etc., so played.
a. a short summary serving as an introduction to a news story, article, or other copy.
b. the main and often most important news story.
lead (cardinal/S/Ch + part/P/Ch) "cardinal part"
lead (the/S/Ch + star/P/Ch) "the star"
lead (first/S/Ch + act/P/Ch) "first act"
lead (sui/S/Ch + t/P/Ch) suit
lead (introd/S/Ch + uction/P/Ch) introduction
lead (head/S/Ch + lines/P/Ch) headlines
* headlines (new/T + s/S) news
38. Electricity. an often flexible and insulated single conductor, as a wire, used in connections between pieces of electric apparatus.
39. the act of taking the offensive.
a. the direction of a rope, wire, or chain.
b. Also called leader. any of various devices for guiding a running rope.
lead (cond/S/Ch + uctor/P/Ch) conductor
lead (off/S/Ch + ensive/P/Ch) offensive
lead (guiding/S/Ch + device/P/Ch) "guiding device"
leader (guiding/S + device/P) "guiding device"
41. Naval Architecture. the distance between the center of lateral resistance and the center of effort of a sailing ship, usually expressed decimally as a fraction of the water-line length.
42. an open channel through a field of ice.
a. a lode.
b. an auriferous deposit in an old riverbed.
44. the act of aiming a gun ahead of a moving target.
45. the distance ahead of a moving target that a gun must be aimed in order to score a direct hit.
46. Baseball. an act or instance of leading.
47. Manège. (of a horse at a canter or gallop) the foreleg that consistently extends beyond and strikes the ground ahead of the other foreleg: The horse is cantering on the left lead.
lead (res/S/Ch + istance/P/Ch) resistance
lead ("field of"/S/Ch + ice/P/Ch) "field of ice"
lead (lo/S/Ch + de/P/Ch) lode
lead (riv/S/Ch + er/P/Ch) river
lead (targ/S/Ch + et/P/Ch) target
lead (dist/S/Ch + ance/P/Ch) distance
lead (lead/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch) leading
lead (forel/S/Ch + eg/P/Ch) foreleg
48. most important; principal; leading; first: lead editorial; lead elephant.
49. Football. (of a forward pass) thrown ahead of the intended receiver so as to allow him to catch it while running.
50. Baseball. (of a base runner) nearest to scoring: They forced the lead runner at third base on an attempted sacrifice.
lead (firsl/S/Ch + t/P/Ch) first
lead (thr/S/Ch + own/P/Ch) thrown
lead (thir/S/Ch + d/P/Ch) third
51. lead off,
a. to take the initiative; begin.
b. Baseball. to be the first player in the batting order or the first batter in an inning.
"lead off" (beg/S/Ch + in/P/Ch) begin
"lead off" ("be the"/S/Ch + first/P/Ch) "be the first"
52. lead on,
a. to induce to follow an unwise course of action; mislead.
b. to cause or encourage to believe something that is not true.
"lead on" (ind/S/Ch + uce/P/Ch) induce
"lead on" (cau/S/Ch + se/P/Ch) cause
53. lead out,
a. to make a beginning.
b. to escort a partner to begin a dance: He led her out and they began a rumba.
"lead out" (in/S/Ch + itiate/P/Ch) initiate
"lead out" (esc/S/Ch + ort/P/Ch) escort
73. result (result in)
intr.v. re•sult•ed, re•sult•ing, re•sults
1. To come about as a consequence. See Synonyms at follow.
2. To end in a particular way: Their profligate lifestyle resulted in bankruptcy.
* When articulating "result in" or "have a consequence" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "result" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "result in" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture, "resulted" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "resulted" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abT speaking posture, "results" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "results" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/abT speaking posture, "resulting" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
a. The consequence of a particular action, operation, or course; an outcome. See Synonyms at effect.
b. A favorable or concrete outcome or effect. Often used in the plural: started studying and got immediate results.
2. Mathematics The quantity or expression obtained by calculation.
result (conseq/S/Ch + uence/P/Ch) consequence
result (eff/S/Ch + ect/P/Ch) effect
result (expr/S/Ch + ession/P/Ch) expression
| submission, philanthropic(al), gracious, almsgiving, positive, confident, hopeful, upbeat, real(ly), absolute|
| save, rescue, recover, salvage, bail (out), chafe, rub, scratch, rasp, scrape, foolish(ness), judg(e)ment|