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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | brd2 | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, main :::


596 12 View counter   Join Member Login Admin
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   English/GRECOnglish accent,                   'Happy Holidays',  season, chemistry?         'primary consonants'
1.     accent/pronunciation;       English or GRECOnglish??

I now find      (whenever GRECOnglish alternative/versions are possible)     most (internet) dictionaries show    not proper/usual English but     GRECOnglish accents and pronunciations.

Proper/usual English   put primary accent on the first syllable of the word   like standard Korean speaking,      while GRECOnglish accents are irregular   like Korean-provincial-dialect(s') speaking.


Examples:

A)          profession,   "jobs for the boys"

[Λuia/P,  /MS/noun] is pronounced as  “business"/+-,  "profession"/+bp,  "work"/+cp;        and  [Λuia/P/MS/Ch] is pronounced as  “calling"/+-,  "jobs-for-the-boys"/+bp,  "line"/+cp  in the chest (circle) /Ch.

(1)    profession [p='  (w=)  rΛ  fe  sΛn]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "profession"  as [p='  (w=)  rΛ] with/from /P/Ch,  [fe] with/from /P,  and  [sΛn] with/from /P/Ch;        while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture)   as [p=  rΛ  fæ'  sΛn] which shows accent on [fæ']   (which is different from [fe] in pronunciation either)    inatead of the initial syllable.


(2)    "jobs for the boys"

*       When articulating     "jobs-for-the-boys"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "job" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.



B)         condition/complaint/symptoms/disorder

If articulating [Λuia]   from /T/MS,      “syndrome"/+-,  “condition"/+bp,  “complaint”/+cp,    and  “illness”/Ch/+-,  “symptoms”/Ch/+bp,  “disorder”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

(1)   condition [ká  (w=)  h=n  di  sΛn]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "condition"  as [ká  (w=)  h=n] with/from /P/Ch,  and  [di  sΛn] with/from /P;        while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as [kΛn  dí  sΛn] which shows accent on [dí]   inatead of the initial syllable.


(2)   complaint [ká  (w=)  h=m  p=l  ŋe  ŋin  t=]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "complaint"  as [ká  (w=)  h=m] with/from /P/Ch,  [p=l] with/from /P, [ŋe] with/from /P/Ch,  and  [ŋin  t=] with/from /P;        while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as [kΛm  p=  læ'  ŋin  t=] which shows accent on [læ']   (which is different from [ŋe] in pronunciation either)    inatead of the initial syllable.


(3)    symptoms [si  w=m  p=  tΛm  z=]

*       When articulating     "symptoms"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      "symptom [sim  t=m]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


(4)     disorder [dí  (y=)  s=  ŋΛ  dΛ]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "disorder"  as [dí  (y=)  s=  ŋΛ] with/from /P,  and  [dΛ] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture)   as [di  s=  ŋó  ŋ=  dΛ] which shows accent on [ŋó]   (which is different from [ŋΛ] in pronunciation either)    inatead of the initial syllable.


C)       designation/appointments/classing(class)/definition/specification

If articulating [Λuia]   from /C2/MS,         “designation”/+-,  “appointments"/+bp,  “classing"/+cp,  and   “labelling/labeling”/Ch/+-,  “definition”/Ch/+bp,  "specification”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.


(1)       designation [dæ'  (w=)  zi  g=n  ŋe  ŋi  sΛn]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "designation"  as [dæ'  (w=)] with/from /P/Ch,     [zi  g=n] with/from /P,     [ŋe] with/from /P/Ch,   and  [ŋi  sΛn] with/from /P;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as [de  zi  g=n  ŋe,  ŋi  sΛn] which shows accent on [ŋe']   (which is different from [ŋΛ] in pronunciation either)    inatead of the initial syllable.


(2)       appointments [ŋΛ'  (w=)  po  ŋin  mΛn  s=]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "appointments"  as [dæ'  (w=)] with/from /T,     [po] with/from /P/Ch,     [ŋin] with/from /P,  and  [mΛn  s=] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as appointment [ŋΛ  po'  ŋin  t=  mΛn  t=] which shows accent on [po']   inatead of the initial syllable.


(3)        classing [ḱ́́=  (w=)  h=l  ŋe  siŋ]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "classing"  as [ḱ́́=  (w=)  h=l] with/from /P/Ch,     [ŋe] with/from /P,     and   [siŋ] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as class [k=  læ'  s=] which shows accent on [læ']   (which is different from [ŋe] in pronunciation either)    inatead of the initial syllable.


(4)        definition [dǽ  (w=)  fi  ni  sΛn]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "definition"  as [dǽ  (w=)] with/from /P,     [fi] with/from /P/Ch,     and  [ni  sΛn] with/from /P;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as [de  fi  ni'  s=n] which shows accent on [ni']   inatead of the initial syllable.


(5)       specification [ś́=  (w=)  pi  sΛf  ŋi  ke  ŋi  sΛn]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "specification"  as [ś́=  (w=)] with/from /P,     [pi  sΛf] with/from /P/Ch,       [ŋi  ke] with/from /P,     and   [ŋi  sΛn] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as [ś=  pæ  sif  ŋi  kæ'  ŋi  s=n] which shows accent on [kæ']   inatead of the initial syllable.


D)          marionette,   doll,   glove puppet (creature),   finger puppet (gull)

If articulating [Λuia]   from /S/SS,          “puppet”/+-,  "marionette"/+bp,  “doll”/+cp,      and   “glove-puppet"/Ch/+-,  “finger-puppet"/Ch/+bp,  “figure"/Ch/+cp are pronounced


(1)       marionette [mǽ  (w=)  ri  ŋΛ  ne  t=]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "marionette"  as [mǽ  (w=)] with/from /P/Ch,     [ri] with/from /P,    [ŋΛ] with/from /P/Ch,     and   [ne  t=] with/from /P;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as [me  ri  ŋΛ  næ'  t=] which shows accent on [næ']   inatead of the initial syllable.


(2)       doll [da'  (w=)  h=l  l=],     [dal]

*       When articulating     [dal'  l=]    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      [dal] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


(3)       glove puppet     (creature)

*       When articulating     "glove-puppet [g=  w=  h=l  ŋΛv  pΛ  pit]"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "creature [k=  rí   (ŋi)  cΛ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


(4)       finger puppet (gull)

*       When articulating     "finger-puppet [fí  w=ŋ  gΛ  pΛ  pit]"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "gull [gΛ  (ŋ=)  h=l  l=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating     [gΛ  (ŋ=)  h=l  l=]    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      [gΛl] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


E)       appropriate/correct

If articulating [Λuia]   from /P/pES/adjectives,         “appropriate"/+-,   “suitable”/+bp,  “right”/+cp,    and  “fit”/+-/Ch,  "suited"/Ch/+bp,  "correct"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

(1)      appropriate [ŋi'  w=  p=  p=  rΛ  p=  ri  ŋe  ŋi  t=]

*       When articulating     "áppropriate [ŋi'  w=  p=  p=  rΛ  p=  ri  ŋe  ŋi  t=]"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      "appropriate [ŋΛ  p=  ro'  ŋ=  p=  ri  ŋe  ŋi  t=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating     [ŋΛ  p=  ro'  ŋ=  p=  ri  ŋe  ŋi  t=]    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      [ŋΛ  p=  ro'  ŋ=  p=  ri  ŋi  t=] is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


(2)       correct [ko'  (w=)  rec  t=]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "correct"  as [ko'  (w=)] with/from /P     and   [rec  t=] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture)   as [ko  ræc'  t=] which shows accent on [ræ']   inatead of the initial syllable.


F)        obliging/polite/agreeable

If articulating [Λuia]   from /S/mES,          “obliging"/+-,  “willing"/+bp,  “civil"/+cp,      and   “polite"/Ch/+-,  “agreeable"/Ch/+bp,  “amiable"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

(1)       obliging [ŋo'  (w=)  b=  la  ŋi  ziŋ]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "obliging"  as [ŋo'  (w=)] with/from /P/Ch,     [b=] with/from /P,    [la] with/from /P/Ch,      [ŋi] with/from /P,  and   [ziŋ] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as [ŋΛ  b=  la'  ŋi  ziŋ] which shows accent on [la']   inatead of the initial syllable.


(2)       polite [po'  (w=)  la  ŋi  t=]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "polite"  as [po'  (w=)] with/from /P,    [la] with/from /P/Ch,   and   [ŋi  t=] with/from /P;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as [pΛ  la'  ŋi  t=] which shows accent on [la']   inatead of the initial syllable.


(3)       agreeable [ŋi'  (y=)  g=  ri  ŋΛ  b=l]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "agreeable"  as [ŋi'  (y=)] with/from /P,    [g=] with/from /P/Ch,      [ri] with/from /P,   and   [ŋΛ  b=l] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture)   as [ŋiΛ  g=  ri'  ŋΛ  b=l] which shows accent on [ri']   inatead of the initial syllable.


G)       combine/collect/assemble/accumulate

If articulating [Λuia]   from /P/mES/verb,       “aggregate"/+-,  "combine"/+bp,  “mix"/+cp,    and  "collect"/Ch/+-,  “assemble”/Ch/+bp,  "accumulate"/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

(1)      combine [ka'  (w=)  h=m  ba  ŋin]

*       When articulating     "combine [ka'  (w=)  h=m  ba  ŋin]"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      "combine [kΛm  ba'  ŋin]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating     "combine [ka'  (w=)  h=m  ba  ŋin]"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "combine [kom'  ba  ŋin]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


(2)      collect [ko'  (w=)  lec  t=]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "collect"  as [ko'  (w=)] with/from /P   and   [lec  t=] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture)   as [kΛ  læc'  t=] which shows accent on [læc']   inatead of the initial syllable.


(3)     assemble [ŋǽ  (w=)  sΛm  b=l]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "assemble"  as [ŋǽ  (w=)  sΛm  b=l] with/from /P;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture)   as [ŋΛ  sæm'  b=l] which shows accent on [ri']   inatead of the initial syllable.


(4)     accumulate [ŋæ'  (w=)  k=  mΛ  le  ŋi  t=]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "accumulate"  as [ŋæ'  (w=)] with/from /P,    [k=  mΛ] with/from /P/Ch,      [le] with/from /P,   and   [ŋi  t=] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture)   as [ŋΛk  y='  mΛ  le  ŋi  t=] which shows accent on [y=']   inatead of the initial syllable.


h)       check out,    examine,   study,    look at,   research

If articulating [Λuia]   from /T/mES,        “check-out"/+-,  “examine"/+bp,  “test”/+cp,    and  “study”/Ch/+-,   "look-at”/Ch/+bp,  "research”/Ch/+cp are pronounced.

(1)      check out [cǽ  (w=)  ga  ŋ=]

*       When articulating     "check-out [cǽ  ga  ŋ=]"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "check" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


(2)     examine [ŋæ'  (w=)  zΛm  ŋin]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "examine"  as [ŋæ'  (w=)  zΛm] with/from /P/Ch  and   [ŋin] with/from /P;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture)   as [ŋi  g=  zæm'  ŋin] which shows accent on [zæm']   inatead of the initial syllable.


(3)     study [s='  (w=)  tΛ  di]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "study"  as [s='  (w=)  tΛ] with/from /P   and   [di] with/from /P/Ch;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture)   as [s=  tΛ'  d] which shows accent on [tΛ']   inatead of the initial syllable.


(4)      look at [l='  (w=)  get]

*       When articulating     "look-at [l='  (w=)  get]"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "look" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


(5)      research [ri'  (y=)  sΛ  c=  y=]

*       The proper/usual English pronouces  "research"  as [ri'  (y=)  sΛ  c=  y=] with/from /P;     while GRECOnglish alternative/version pronounce it  (all with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture)   as [r=  sΛ'  ci] which shows accent on [sΛ']   inatead of the initial syllable.


2.       Happy Holidays??      or      Merry Christmas.

Christian Group Launches New Attack on Christmas Commercialism

By AMY SULLIVAN / WASHINGTON Amy Sullivan / Washington – Tue Dec 15, 3:10 am ET    (article on Time.com)

If it's December, then there must be frost in the air, gingerbread in the oven, and ... right on time, Bill O'Reilly and the other defenders of Christmas bemoaning the prevalence of "Happy Holidays" - rather than "Merry Christmas" - greetings.

There's a war on Christmas, the conservative commentator recently reminded viewers, driven by those who "loathe the baby Jesus." This season, a holiday-décor company is marketing the CHRIST-mas Tree, a bushy artificial tree with a giant cross where the trunk should be. And the Colorado-based nonprofit Focus on the Family is continuing its Stand for Christmas campaign to highlight the offenses of Christmas-denying retailers. The campaign was launched, according to its website, because "citizens across the nation were growing dissatisfied with the tendency of corporations to omit references to Christmas from holiday promotions."
(See pictures: "Have a Very Ridiculous Christmas.")

But to a growing group of Christians, the focus on the commercial aspect of Christmas is the greatest threat to one of Christianity's holiest days. "It's the shopping, the going into debt, the worrying that 'If I don't spend enough money, someone will think I don't love them,' " says Portland, Ore., pastor Rick McKinley. "Christians get all bent out of shape over the fact that someone didn't say 'Merry Christmas' when I walked into the store. But why are we expecting the store to tell our story? That's just ridiculous."

McKinley is one of the leaders of an effort to do away with the frenzied activity and extravagant gift-giving of a commercial Christmas. Through a savvy viral video and marketing effort, the so-called Advent Conspiracy movement has exploded. Hundreds of churches on four continents and in at least 17 countries have signed up to participate. The Advent Conspiracy video has been viewed more than a million times on YouTube, and the movement boasts nearly 45,000 fans on Facebook. Baseball superstar Albert Pujols is a supporter — he spoke at a church event in St. Louis, Mo., to endorse the effort.
(See TIME's video "Bethlehem's Complicated Christmas.")

Over the past four years, churches that support Advent Conspiracy have donated millions of dollars to dig wells in developing countries through Living Water International and other organizations. McKinley likes to point out that a fraction of the money Americans spend at retailers in the month of December could supply the entire world with clean water. If more Christians changed how they thought about giving at Christmas, he says, the holiday could be transformative in a religious and practical sense.

The idea for a different kind of war on Christmas came to McKinley four years ago, when he was sitting around with some of his pastor friends and they realized they were all dreading Christmas. "None of us like Christmas," he says, adding, "That's sort of bad if you're a pastor." Instead of helping their congregations focus on the season of Advent and prepare to celebrate the birth of Christ, the pastors found themselves competing with a secular consumerism that made December the hardest time to make their message heard.

So McKinley and his friends decided to try a radical experiment. They urged congregants to spend less on presents for friends and family and to consider donating some of the money they saved as a result. At first, church members weren't quite sure how to react. "Some people were terrified," remembers McKinley. "They said, 'My gosh, you're ruining Christmas. What do we tell our kids?' " The pastors had to reassure people that they weren't advocating a Grinchy no-gifts kind of Christmas, but rather one in which people spend a little less and think a little more, expressing their love through something more meaningful than a gift card. Once church members adjusted to this new conception of Christmas, they found that they loved it. Many, in fact, seemed relieved to be given permission to slow down and buy less.
(See a brief history of the war on Christmas.)

In many ways, Advent Conspiracy has appropriated some of the traditional arguments of the conservative Christians who see themselves as defenders of Christmas. A popular rallying cry of the foot soldiers in the war on Christmas is "Jesus is the reason for the season." Often, however, it seems that being able to score a half-price Nintendo DSi and a "Merry Christmas" from the checkout clerk is the real prize. The Religious Right has spent decades casting secular culture as the enemy. And yet instead of critiquing the values of the consumer marketplace, many conservative Christians have embraced it as the battleground they seek to reclaim.

A movement like Advent Conspiracy is countercultural on two fronts — fighting the secular idea that Christmas is a monthlong shopping and decorating ritual and also the powerful conservative notion that the holiday requires acknowledgement from the nation's retailers to be truly meaningful. It's not easy, says a youth pastor whose church supports Advent Conspiracy. "When you start jacking with people's idea of what Christmas is and you start to go against this $450 billion machine of materialism and consumerism, it really messes with people," he explains. "It takes a lot of patience to say there's a different way — Christmas doesn't have to be like this."


"Happy Holidays"               (Merry/C1/Ch + Christmas/P/Ch)                 "Merry Christmas"

That is,      while "merry" is English /P word   and "Christmas" is English /C2 word;     if/when articulating "merry" with/from English /C1/Ch speaking posture   and articulating "Christmas" with/from English /P/Ch speaking posture,      "Happy Holidays" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


"Have a Very Ridiculous Christmas"           (Happy/S + Holidays/P)/GC          "Happy Holidays"

That is,      while "happy" is English /T word   and "holidays" is English /T/Ch word;     if/when articulating "happy" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S speaking posture   and articulating "holidays" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P speaking posture,      "Have a Very Ridiculous Christmas" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


"Bethlehem's Complicated Christmas"            (Happy/P + Holidays/C2)          "Happy Holidays"

If/when articulating "happy" with/from English /P speaking posture   and articulating "Christmas" with/from English /C2 speaking posture,      "Bethlehem's Complicated Christmas" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


3.    season

Re:   Article of   "care(fulness),  worry/v?   'seeing eye', old/H? passé, circumspect(ive),    'Indian summer',  oldish, enervate"         <<Column 20.  Indian summer;  fall/autumn>>

springtide    (spring/springtime)

early-summer (summer/summertime)

harvest-tide (autumn/aut-time)

toughness     (winter/wintertime)


*       When articulating     "springtide"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "spring" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating     "springtide"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      "springtime" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       When articulating     "early summer"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "summer" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating     "early summer"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      "summertime" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       When articulating     "harvest tide"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "autumn" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating     "harvest tide"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      "aut-time" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       When articulating     "toughness"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "winter" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And when articulating     "toughness"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      "wintertime" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


*       When articulating      (Korean) "봄 [bom]"    with/from English /T speaking posture,      "springtide" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.           Vice versa.

When articulating     "봄 [bom]"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture,      "spring" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.           Vice versa.

And when articulating     "봄 [bom]"    with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture,      "springtime" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.          Vice versa.

Et cetera.


4.    top gun

"top gun"                           (pil/S + ot/P)                        pilot

chemistry                      (lo/P/Ch + ve/S/Ch)                         love  

dog                            (best/C2 + friend/T)                         "best friend"

kiss                            (mistle/P/Ch + toe/S/Ch)                   mistletoe


5.    consonant(s') analysis

Re:    Article of   "Consonant (cluster) system of GRECOnglish.   “g/ŋ/tail,  k/n”   Pronoun.  “it/the/a”"                 <<Column 1>>
Re:    Article of   "Consonant points"
Re:    Article of   "Supplement,  2007.02.04"      <<Columns 2, 3, 4>>
Re:    Article of   "CONSONANT/Vowel POINTs"
Re:    Article of   "New facts on consonants"
Re:    Article of   "Analysis of consonant pronunciation, etc."

A)     p/b,   s/z,   t/d,   k/g,   h/ŋ

The above consonant pairs are complementary  (or corresponding??)  each other:         That is,   when cp is on the side of the mouth circle,    "p/s/t/k/h" are the mouth consonants (which sounds are discrete/voiceless)     and "b/z/d/g/ŋ" are the chest counterparts (which sounds are continuous/voiced)   respectively.            And when cp is on the side of the throat,    "b/z/d/g/ŋ" are the mouth consonants     and "p/s/t/k/h" are the chest counterparts respectively.

The above pairs are the primary consonant pairs.


B)     h/ŋ

The (head) consonant point    (on which point  the consonant is articulate/pronounced)    of [h/ŋ]     is on cp/bp.         While all the consonant points  (except [h/ŋ])  are fixed,     the consonant point  of [h/ŋ]     is not fixed     since the positions of cp/bp are different according to the (different) languages.


C)     θ/ð

GRECOnglish/GC pronunciations of [θ/ð] are digraph consonants of [th]/[dŋ] respectively.


D)     f/v

[f/v] are digraph consonants of [ph]/[bŋ] respectively.


E)     q/x

[q/x] are digraph consonants of [sh]/[zŋ] respectively.


F)     c/j

[c/j] are trigraph consonants of [tsh]/[dzŋ] respectively.


G)     r/l

[r/l] are trigraph consonants of [pkh]/[bgŋ] respectively.


H)     m/n

[m/n] are trigraph consonants of [tkh]/[dgŋ] respectively.


I)     w/y

[w/y] are tetragraph consonants of [ptkh]/[bdgŋ] respectively.

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DATE: 2010.01.04 - 17:00


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522Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
521Simple viewHero/Vitruvius Apollonius/Diophantus/Theon,       d'Aguilon, 'John Aubrey', 'François Viète', Oughtred/Pascal Y... 2011.07.21
520Simple viewCusa/Nunes/Vesalius/Borelli, 'de Vere', Stanley,  Vinci/Michelangelo/Raphael, 'Luca Pacioli',   Vasari/Alberti Y... 2011.07.12
519Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.24
518Simple viewGuicciardini, 'Pico della Mirandola', Frisius*, Nostradamus, 'Sir Philip Sidney', Milton/Chaucer/Boiardo/Cardano Y... 2011.07.05
517Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
516Simple viewShelley/Keats/Byron/Castelli/Orta/Wycliffe/Huss,  'Mary Sidney',  Baïf/Montaigne/Buchanan, 'Marie de Gournay' Y... 2011.07.01
515Simple view>> Corrected                                <Iliad> Y... 2011.08.19
514Simple viewMarlowe/Nashe/Chapman, 'Ben Jonson', 'Beaumont & Fletcher', Marston/Fleay/Glapthorne/Warburton/Brome Y... 2011.06.24
513Simple viewVarro/Catullus/Livy/Sallust,   Ovid/Apuleius/Horace/Lucretius,      Calvin/Servetus/Zwingli/Cranmer/Luther Y... 2011.06.19
512Simple viewSavonarola/Colet/Erasmus/Loyola/Ficino/Mirandola/Gracián/Swedenborg/Ockham/Abelard,    Latin,   'Lex Talio' Y... 2011.06.12
511Simple viewTerence/Menippus/Arcesilaus/Theophras-,  Voltaire/Maupertuis/Schiller/Winckelmann/Rochefoucauld/Cervantes Y... 2011.06.07
510Simple viewBoccaccio/Petrarch/Helvétius/Cesare/Malthus,  Say/Gresham,  Machiavelli/Telesio/Boyle/Bacon/Kepler/Brahe Y... 2011.06.04
509Simple viewHerder/Sanai/Hafez,  Dante, 'Adam Smith', 'Richard Cantillon', 'Henry More', ''Isaac Newton', Ricardo/Bentham Y... 2011.06.01
508Simple viewBerkeley, 'Giordano Bruno', Spinoza/Rousseau/Fichte/Hölderlin/Schelling, 'Jakob Böhme', Hamann/Goethe/Vigo Y... 2011.05.29
507Simple view'Thomas Hobbes' 'John Stuart Mill' 'Arthur Schopenhauer' 'Friedrich Nietzsche' Hegel/Kant/Hume/Locke/Leibniz Y... 2011.05.26
506Simple viewGalileo/Orpheus/Argonautica/Strabo,    'Augustine of Hippo', Neoplatonism/Enneads/Cicero/Anselm/Descartes Y... 2011.05.24
505Simple view                              "English    spelling/vocabulary"                   (Korean connection) Y... 2011.05.19
504Simple viewPyrrho/Galen/Avicenna/Averroes/Maimonides, 'Albertus Magnus', 'Thomas Aquinas', 'Duns Scotus', Copernicus Y... 2011.05.17
503Simple viewArchimedes/Aspasia/Euclid/Hipparchus/Hippocrates/Leonidas/Pericles/Ptolemy/Solon/Themistocles/Epicurus Y... 2011.05.14
502Simple view             Phonetic study    on   German/French   words/sentences Y... 2011.05.13
501Simple view'Milesian school'  'Seven Wonders'  Eleatics/sophism/pluralist/Cynics/Stoic/Montesquieu/Suda/eureka/Vitruvius Y... 2011.05.11
500Simple viewAeschylus/Aesop/Euripides/Hesiod,   Homer/Lucian/Menander/Pindar,  Polybius/Sappho/Sophocles, Alcibiades Y... 2011.05.11
499Simple viewThales/Anaximander/Anaximenes/Pythagoras,  Anaxagoras/Empedocles,  Antisthenes/Diogenes/Crates/Zeno Y... 2011.05.07
498Simple view'geologic era'  'Stone Age'   Yahoo/Google   'Know yourself'   introspection   'Seven Sages'   'material monism' Y... 2011.05.05
497Simple viewSocrates/Thucydides/Plutarch/Herodotus/Xenophon/Aristophanes/Plato/Aristotle/Parmenides/Democritus, etc. Y... 2011.05.04
496Simple view                           phonetic analysis on     Buddha  &  Buddhism Y... 2011.05.04
495Simple viewPhonetic analysis on   Hinduism/Veda/Sanskrit/Prakrit/Zoroaster, Manichaeism/Mani,  Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh Y... 2011.04.29
494Simple view'net-cutting'  'country music'  'General Zod'      BC/AD  'Independence day'     BCE/CE    '(Before) Common Era' Y... 2011.04.14
493Simple view    'phonetic study on Jesus Christ  &  Moshe'             'Twelve Apostles'              'Hellenistic civilization??' Y... 2011.04.10
492Simple view           translation :           논어(論語)/공자(孔子/Confucius),               etymological analysis Y... 2011.04.08
491Simple view'論語/논어 [non  ŋΛ]  &  Old Testament'       Torah/Pentateuch         'Why Torah, Prophets, Writings, 四書五經' Y... 2011.04.05
490Simple view'lady-in-waiting'  Confucius/Mencius/Laozi/Micius  popcorn  'Generation Y/X'  'Wonder Woman'       I/you    etc. Y... 2011.04.02
489Simple viewfraction/ordinal,   'national flowers'   'Department of State'    'God bless you!'   'daylight saving time'   *BC/AD Y... 2011.03.20
488Simple view"&/and",                  italic,  ride/drive,       Morrison, Messiah/Immanuel,  succeed,     'Virgin Mary'  Joseph Y... 2011.03.15
487Simple view‘Moby-Dick’     'Coca Cola'       pronouns/4,  'Chinese carry-out'     'days of months'     'leap year (day)'   date Y... 2011.03.04
486Simple view'The Star-Spangled Banner'   &   'God Save the Queen'   &    'Land of Hope and Glory';        national anthems Y... 2011.02.10
485Simple view         'La Marseillaise'              Deutschlandlied              'National anthem of Austria' Y... 2013.05.12
484Simple view'Ask not'/America       months  'days of the week'  day/week/month/year  '(the) first'  hamburger  'Super Bowl' Y... 2011.02.09
483Simple view'passive voice'               'shoe-string budget?'  'you know'  'by the way'  'eh/well'  'blood libel'    'last supper' Y... 2011.01.14
482Simple view'Do I know you?'           'Season's Greetings'  'Auld Lang Syne'      'Christian cross,  resurrection'    'Red Cross' Y... 2011.01.08
481Simple view'Moses & Jesus Christ'            Christ/Jesus,   'Christmas card'   'Why Santa is old man'   MoU,      'Three Magi' Y... 2010.12.25
480Simple view"Shakespeare   &  Plutarch"                  'Sir Thomas More'   'G6'     oneself/myself/ourselves/etc.    ID Y... 2010.12.23
479Simple view'Why wedding dresses are white'              Halloween/제사,  denim, angel(s), eve, Ivy/steak, 'Rhode Island' Y... 2010.12.19
478Simple viewThanksgiving-day,         SantaClaus,           countries,      "silent letter??"     waffle/빈대떡/cupcake Y... 2010.11.26
477Simple view>> More considerations on  "silent letter??";     between GRECOnglish & orthodox English pronunciations Y... 2010.11.27
476Simple view"for the people, by the people, of the people"                          "I have a dream"      yes/no Y... 2010.10.10
475Simple view'it :  imp. v.??'              methinks                               Memorial/Mother's Day,    'hat trick'  franchise/may Y... 2010.06.05
474Simple view"Phonetics/linguistics  &  Bible"                                            "dirty Chinese??" Y... 2010.04.20
473Simple view'aui*Λ/o/='        exigency, need/longing, matter, pressure/force, hurry/rush, weight/postulate/concept/picture Y... 2010.04.05
472Simple view>> Corrected:                   [auiΛ]/S/mES, /S/MS;    [auio]/S/mES, /T/mES, /C1/mES;   [aui=]/P/pES Y... 2010.08.14
471Simple viewview/viewpoint, scheme/surmise/lack/economy/feature,  detail/topic,  item/issue,  point/case,  trifle/matter Y... 2010.04.05
470Simple viewaffair/terrific,  spooky/spook, dreadful/fearsome/awesome/traditional,  customary/familiar,  normal/average Y... 2010.04.05
469Simple viewusual/general,  common/routine, standard, apropos, related/relati-,  germane/cognate, tempor-, fly-by-night Y... 2010.04.05
468Simple viewpassing,  fugitive, 'short-lived', transient/ably/momentarily/amplify/stretch,  expand/wax,  augment/raise Y... 2010.04.05
467Simple viewheighten/lengthen,  embarra-/discountena-,  'show up', offend,  chagrin/vex, mortify/abash,  incarna-/personi- Y... 2010.04.05
466Simple viewrepresent/depict,  illustrate/explicate, codify, manifest, rubbish,  malign/libel,  abuse/mar, decry, blacken Y... 2010.04.05
465Simple viewsignificance/fervour/ebullience,  weight/emphasis, distillation/water/dew/perspiration/moisture/spray/bigotry Y... 2010.04.05
464Simple viewchutzpah', fight, payoff, path,  consequences/end, result(s), verdict,  upshot/event, compatible, consonant Y... 2010.04.05
463Simple viewsociable, convivial,  'dyed in the wool', universal, overall,  total/downright, worldwide,  'far-flung', entire Y... 2010.04.05
462Simple viewwhole/patient,  mild/equab-, kind/generali-/interpola-,  sophisticate/pervert, counsel/instruct,  refine/temper Y... 2010.04.05
461Simple viewhype/razzmatazz, razzle-dazzle, spotlight, play-up, write-up,  champion/uphold, develop,  defend, 'plead for' Y... 2010.04.05
460Simple viewhelp,  advocate/recommend,  puzzle/poser, problem, inconsistency, 'closed book', conundrum, fabrication Y... 2010.04.05
459Simple viewforgery/phony, lie(s), fiction, myth,  fake/counterfeit,  takings, arrest/bust,  catching/espial, trappings/bard Y... 2010.04.05
458Simple viewimprisonment/detenti-, seizure,  dignity, 'self-importa-', decorum/etiquet-,  grandeur/prominen-, proprieties Y... 2010.04.05
457Simple viewsolemnities/gravity,  majesties, 'His Honour, etc.',  destitute, 'down and out',  poor, 'bad(ly) off', 'well-off' Y... 2010.04.05
456Simple viewneedy,  short/low, jovial,  lively, 'full of beans', congenial/ratty/peevish,  sour/tart,  surly/churlish, peppery Y... 2010.04.05
455Simple viewtesty/heady/snappish, unlimited/incomparable/peremptory/complain,  grumble/bellyache, carp/kvetch, groan Y... 2010.04.05
454Simple viewwail/soothe,  'relieve (yourself)', soften/mitigate/scold/blame,  correct/chasten, discipline/censure/advertise Y... 2010.04.05
453Simple viewfortis(?) consonants,                                    Short(?) Program,  Democrat/donkey,  Valentine's Day Y... 2010.02.24
452Simple view>>                                              θ/ð/v/f Y... 2014.03.09
451Simple viewDifference between English & GRECOnglish/GC,                                             pronouns,   'Excuse me.' Y... 2010.01.23
450Simple view'Λui*a/o/=', business/craft, work/occupation, call/job, line/field, condition/symptoms/disorder/appointments Y... 2010.01.06
449Simple view>> Corrections:                                               [Λuia] adjective,       [Λui=] /S/SS Y... 2010.09.18
448Simple viewhorseback-riding?    class, label, creature, gull,   figure/dupe, fitting/fit,    worthy/praiseworthy/worthwhile Y... 2010.01.06
447Simple viewcorrect,  toxic/unhealthful,  deadly/destructive, mortal/killing, choice/prime,  'cool, first-class', select/rare Y... 2010.01.06
446Simple viewbrilliant/marvello-, cracking/mega, coolish/aggregate/assemble/accumula-, test/challenge, look at, research Y... 2010.01.06
445Simple viewexaggerate/emphasise/enlarge/inflate/embroider, frighten/scare/stun/alarm, damp/humidness/opacity/dim Y... 2010.01.06
444Simple viewfaintness/funniness/sport/pleasure/cheerfulness/joy,   understanding/affectionateness/toleration/surd/hard Y... 2010.01.06
443Simple viewdire/awful/dreadful/notable, non-specialist, general/easy/simple/plain/significant/suppose/imagine, believe in Y... 2010.01.06
442Simple view'fancy up', feed, 'eat up', graze/pasture/browse,  'dine out', copulate/shag/bonk,  'have a ball', 'have a fuck' Y... 2010.01.06
441Simple view'have a hump', erase, 'cancel out', excise, 'wipe out', luxury/extra/art/pleasure/love/density/want/parsimony Y... 2010.01.06
440Simple viewdimension/solidity/impenetrability/terror/animosity/dread/horror/fright/awe/deadline,    value/unchangeability Y... 2010.01.06
439Simple viewconstancy,  merit/irreversibility,  quality/unalterability,  caliber/invariability, bad,  kind/humane, good, favour Y... 2010.01.06
438Simple viewcaring/sharp/risky/parlous/ominous/dicey/insecure/ugly/quiescent/yielding/soft/dutiful/willing, patient/serene Y... 2010.01.06
437Simple viewliberal/prodigal, lax/permissive/tender, constancy/stability, lenient/magnanimo-/free/evolve, generate/render Y... 2010.01.06
436Simple viewguarantee/guaranty, delegate/authorize, trust, transfer/transport, hand/give/pass/capture, charm/bewitch Y... 2010.01.06
435Simple viewattract/fascinate,  entrance/trance,  submit/yield/agree/bend/bow/ailment, malaise/instrument/tool/apropos Y... 2010.01.06
434Simple viewtimely/genuine/lethal/terminal/hostile/fine/willing/affable/commix/terrorize/water, kindliness, hand-out Y... 2010.01.06
433Now readingEnglish/GRECOnglish accent,                   'Happy Holidays',  season, chemistry?         'primary consonants' Y... 2010.01.04
432Simple view'uia*Λ/o/='            mix/mixture;     blend;     compound/composite/composition;     amalgam/amalgamation Y... 2010.01.04
431Simple view>> Corrected:                                             [uia=] /T/MS, /P/mES Y... 2010.08.13
430Simple viewcoalescence; climax; venture; project; risk; scheme;  benefit/beneficiality;  good(ness);  use; gain; reward Y... 2009.12.25
429Simple viewboon; alert; serious; deep; intellectual; scholarly; fit;    appropriate/expropriate; irregular;    asymmetric(al) Y... 2009.12.01
428Simple viewfraternize; socialize; sacrifice; abandon; renounce; forfeit(ure); jilt; disentangle/untangle; generalize (-ise) Y... 2009.12.01
427Simple viewextrapolate; infer; conclude; 'reason out'; universalize; mind; sense; knowledge; wit; corruption/corruptne- Y... 2009.12.01
426Simple view>> Corrections:          mindfulness/mind, sensuousness/sense, wiseness/wisdom, judiciousness/judgement Y... 2009.12.21
425Simple viewgraft; danger(ousness); chance; prospect; optimality/optimization; gawky/gauche; heavy; earnest; true/H?  Y... 2009.12.01
424Simple viewphysical; manual; base; sanguine; expectant; budget; allowance; finance(s); shove; thrust; nudge; knock Y... 2009.12.01
423Simple viewpush; bump; cause; source; spring; agent; opposite; different; enough/enow; lavish; belligerent; conflicting Y... 2009.12.01
422Simple viewoptimize; behave;   act/react; conduct(ion); acquit ; comport; deliberate; consider; think; ponder; debate Y... 2009.12.01
421Simple viewfrighten; scare; petrify;    interweave; intermingle; commingle; alleviate;    trivialize; untangle; shadiness Y... 2009.12.01
420Simple viewrun;   disclose; divulge; evince; defraud; hoodwink;   impart; promulgate; deteriorate; fundi; wonk;   study Y... 2009.12.01
419Simple view"trick or treat"                                   "air force one" Y... 2009.11.06
418Simple view*  'iau*Λ/o/='      mean(s), aid, advantage, vacuum,    (expressive) style, competition, aggression, intrusion Y... 2009.11.04
417Simple view>> Corrected:              [iauΛ] /P/MS, /S/aES, /C1/SS, /P/mES,   [iauo] /C2/MS, /verb,   [iau=] /P/mES Y... 2010.10.05
416Simple view'ill will',    pugnacity/roundabout/wandering, straightforward/natural/frank/dirty/blue, lavish/full/grace/raise Y... 2009.11.04
415Simple viewadvance/boycott/snub, refrain from, stay away -, spurn, throw out, eject/support/bear, hold up, carry/prop Y... 2009.11.03
414Simple viewfame/honour/glory, trouble(someness), inconvenience/solemness/gravity, earnest(ness), soberness/feeling Y... 2009.11.03
413Simple viewsubmission,   philanthropic(al), gracious, almsgiving, positive, confident, hopeful, upbeat,   real(ly), absolute Y... 2009.11.03
412Simple viewperfect/right/complete/shoot/speed/race/rush/tear/dash/pose/present/create/rise,     lead (to),  result (in) Y... 2009.11.03
411Simple viewsave, rescue, recover, salvage,    bail (out), chafe, rub, scratch, rasp, scrape,    foolish(ness), judg(e)ment Y... 2009.11.03
410Simple viewgrotesquery/unpleasingness/verity,   'true fact?' reality, sensuous/sensual, provocative/delicious/delectable Y... 2009.11.03
409Simple viewsteady/beautiful/scenic, savo(u)ry, federate/merge,   unify/unite, consolidate/mingle/coalesce/save/reserve Y... 2009.11.03
408Simple viewstore/collect/vaporize/gasify/aerate,     sublimate/sublime, transpire/hesitate/waver/delay/pause/wait/falter Y... 2009.11.03
407Simple view'compound noun'                Go go go!   White House, northwest, used car,   African-American,   ball games Y... 2009.10.20
406Simple viewdefault [*]/[h]/[=]                   nightline, below, having,  'So many people, so many minds.'  'Mother’s Day' Y... 2009.10.16
405Simple viewMrs./Miss/Ms./lady,                   principle of (sur)names,                   Kor-/Eng- sentences              color Y... 2009.10.11
404Simple view'=ia*Λ/o/u'         agent/H? height/representative/minister/agent/deputy/summit/peak, fund(s), mutual/trust Y... 2009.10.04
403Simple view>> Corrections:                   [=iaΛ] /S/mES,   [=iau]/P/noun, /C1/mES,    [=iao]/S/aES,   /P/T/C1/mES,  Y... 2010.08.28
402Simple viewtherapeutic,  lavish/healing/restorative, good(s), corrective/temporary/acting/interim,  strain/stress/strenu- Y... 2009.10.04
401Simple view'stand-in',   'fill-in',   farming, country, rural, rustic, agrarian,   complain, moan, bitch, whine, growl, gripe Y... 2009.10.04
400Simple viewsophisticate/school/train/educate/consecrate,  bless/H? monitor,  'check (out)', program(me), info(rmation) Y... 2009.10.04
399Simple view>> Corrections:                                           "45. monitor"     &     "46.  check (out)" Y... 2009.11.27
398Simple viewproof, submission, reverence, observance, density, compact(ed)ness, impenetrability, thick, close, heavy Y... 2009.10.04
397Simple viewsolid, substantial, defenc(s)e, rash, irresponsible, precipitate, prove, support, bear, shoulder, endure, keep Y... 2009.10.04
396Simple viewoscillate/fluctuate/swing/vary/sway/veer, effects, end, results, wake/morosity/gloom, mood(in-), sulk(in-) Y... 2009.10.04
395Simple viewsour(ness), vice/viciousness, cruelty, savage(ry), feminine(ness), sex, female(n-), male(n-), masculine(n-) Y... 2009.10.04
394Simple viewterrific, bodacious(ly), boff(o), 'jim-dandy', hopeful, positive, confident, 'can-do', formal(ly), official, regular Y... 2009.10.04
393Simple viewparlous/perilous, '(de)fend (off)',  'cover up', protect/guard/secure/preserve/furnish,  'fit out', stock/supply Y... 2009.10.04
392Simple viewprovision/provide/serialize, 'set up', arrange/form/order/sort/sicken/disgust/revolt, repel/repulse, 'gross out' Y... 2009.10.04
391Simple view>> Corrections:                                              "set up"          (set) Y... 2010.01.18
390Simple view'Why not Gibson Charles?'          'Mr. Gibson' or 'Gibson mister'        'Your Honour'        'English middle name' Y... 2009.09.19
389Simple view'ia=*Λ/o/u'         supplement,      quest,     philanthropic(al), irritative, humanitarian, affronted, sacrifice Y... 2009.09.15
388Simple view>> Corrected Y... 2010.11.20
387Simple viewabandon(ment), focus, center, finish, do, use, '(be) used to', effect, merit, culture, public, spell/charm/lure Y... 2009.09.15
386Simple viewfair(ness), love(liness), neighbo(u)rly, siz(e)ably, wil(l)fully, corpor(e)al, cordial, futile, troubledly, disturbing Y... 2009.09.15
385Simple viewwildish, wild(ly),   loud(ly), cut, sever, divide,   rend, schism,   separate, cast, throw, project, launch, pitch Y... 2009.09.15
384Simple viewshed, consolidate, combine, unite, join,  marry, amalgamate, boundary, limits, obscurity, negligence/neglect Y... 2009.09.15
383Simple viewirresponsibleness, uncertainty, changeability, rough, crude/petro-, homespun, rough-hew(n), 'stylish person' Y... 2009.09.15
382Simple view'in/on demand'  show, express, display, reveal, register, rouse, cause, fire, prompt, ease, moderate, animate Y... 2009.09.15
381Simple viewgrafting;                  greeting;                 "good-bye"                   "forbidden fruit" Y... 2009.09.11
380Simple viewno/though/yes,         (nein/doch/ja)                    "You like it, do you? ΛV" Y... 2009.09.08
379Simple view>> "Don't you like it?"           "The life must go on."           sniper,          Phoenicia,         freemason Y... 2009.09.18
378Simple view'iaΛ*o/u/='   factor, fundament(al), problematic(al),  '(dangling) participle', loose(ly),  'blue chip', large-sized Y... 2009.09.04
377Simple viewpunctuality, promptness, read(il)y, regular(ity), stead(il)y, consistent(ly),  'Kindly yours',  '(double) genitive' Y... 2009.09.04
376Simple viewsimplicity/easiness/clarity, logic(ality), urgency/importan-, need(fulness), gravity, press(ure), hurry/querulo- Y... 2009.09.04
375Simple viewbad-tempered,     hot-tempered, irascible,    'provide (against/for)', 'fit (in)', 'spy (on)',  follow/i? monitor/H? Y... 2009.09.04
374Simple viewagree/-/i? thunder(bolt), cheat(er), sharper,  'confidence man', pledge/v? committal, promise/v? segmented Y... 2009.09.04
373Simple viewsegregative/augmentative/increasable/protractive/celebrative,  'deal in/with', 'trade in', 'build up', scare/-/i? Y... 2009.09.04
372Simple view'iao*Λ/u/='      position/H?   exposé,      (have) impact/contact/curb/date/elbow/interview/panic/park/verb? Y... 2009.08.26
371Simple view>> Corrected:                                       [iaou] /S/aES Y... 2010.07.09
370Simple viewcare(fulness),  worry/v?   'seeing eye', old/H? passé, circumspect(ive),    'Indian summer',  oldish, enervate Y... 2009.08.26
369Simple viewverity, truth,  'the true',  factuality, tru(thful)ly,     'Sincerely yours', media blitz, clear/whole/H? wholeness Y... 2009.08.26
368Simple viewunity/cohesion, barrenness, aridness/poorer/unproductivity, technological), propitiatory/atonable/reparative Y... 2009.08.26
367Simple viewoblatory, mockable, mock(up), ironic/sneerful/aggravative, exaggeratively, heightened, join/H? 'wrap (up)' Y... 2009.08.26
366Simple view* 'oia*Λ/u/='  'the more - of',      'holy grail', 'more important(ly)', '(the) more universal',      'bachelor party' Y... 2009.08.21
365Simple view>> Corrected :                                      [oiau]/P/MS/noun,  /mES/verb Y... 2010.09.13
364Simple view'Please be seated',  humidness, damp(ness), moistness, bounty,      plenty, profusion, limit(ation), ultimacy Y... 2009.08.21
363Simple viewbest/highest/finest/choicest, 'succumb to', 'catch in', 'contract of', impermanency/transiency/insecureness Y... 2009.08.21
362Simple view>> Corrected:                               "23.  catch (in)" Y... 2010.09.13
361Simple viewcapableness/means/competency/potency/captainship, complete/H? done, sacred/H? blessed, recap(itulate) Y... 2009.08.21
360Simple view'uai*Λ/o/='       periodic(al),  cyclic(al),  great(ly),    fade (away),  melt (away),    principle(s),  scruple(s) Y... 2009.08.15
359Simple view>> Corrected :                  [uaio]   from /C1/mES,  “recreate”/+-,    (14.     deleted) Y... 2010.04.11
358Simple viewgloom(ine-), disabled/handicapped, deceptively, copy(write), xerox, safety/safene-, (im)pass(e), im/explicit Y... 2009.08.15
357Simple viewsanctimonious(ly), religiose, disorder(ed)ly, straightforward(ly),   over/underestimate,  miss (out),  way(s) Y... 2009.08.15
356Simple view'aiu*Λ/o/='       hope(fulness),     long(ing),     answerableness,   opportuneness,   benevolent,   over/end Y... 2009.08.11
355Simple view>> Corrected:                                        [aiu=] /P/pES,  /T/pES Y... 2010.10.13
354Simple viewconventional,   davenport,  secretaire,       'government(s); collective n.?'       authorities,   viable/possible Y... 2009.08.10
353Simple viewstereotypic(al), baseball, empty/H? beating,  danger(ousness), clear/H? fine/H?   'intens(iv)e, intent',   past Y... 2009.08.10
352Simple viewwhat/which//that/this/whatever/whose/who/however, although, but, except(ing), and, It is me, both/with Y... 2009.08.07
351Simple view'=ai*Λ/o/u'     porn(o), revelant, continue,  keep(ing-up), maintain,  carry(ing-on), lasting(ness), curiosity Y... 2009.07.31
350Simple viewalienism, exot(ci)sm, revenge, extant, actual(ly), ugly, surly,  current/heart/Hist?  headquarter(s), bake(ry) Y... 2009.07.31
349Simple viewwork(place), observation/concurrency/conformity, fanatic(al), deadly/noticeableness/appearan-/visiblene- Y... 2009.07.31
348Simple viewdouble(ness), fellow,  submission(s),  concentrative(ly),  husband/H?  advance(ment),  purport,  claim/H? Y... 2009.07.31
347Simple viewModifications & Corrections:            'ai=*Λ/o/u' ,      difficultness  >>  difficulty          [ai=u] Y... 2009.09.16
346Simple viewboundary, confine(s), verge(s),   corporate culture, custom(s),    lifestyle,  art(s)y–craft(s)y,    one,    half Y... 2009.07.26
345Simple view(one and) only,   only,   not,  'not only ~ but'   'not-balance',  individual(s),  impeach/formidability/difficulty Y... 2009.07.26
344Simple view>> Corrections:                                 28. difficultness/difficulty Y... 2009.09.16
343Simple viewoffense, Abo,  identify with, politic(al)ly,    n/m dash,   scoot, seeing as (how), 'waste/fade/wither (away)' Y... 2009.07.26
342Simple viewFrench Kiss,   French fry,   French Connection,   French leave,   French maid,   French-German enmity,  - Y... 2009.07.21
341Simple view'Λai*o/u/='     corpor(e)ality, Tombstone,    'more higher',   'might could',   'three mile',  'VAT tax', four-foot Y... 2009.07.17
340Simple view>> Corrected:                                                 [Λai=]/T/MS Y... 2010.09.22
339Simple view'rarely ever',  'couldn't hardly', hard(ly), anticipate/empathy, IOU, insure/complacency, absolute(ness), mum Y... 2009.07.17
338Simple viewunchangeablene-/invariablene-/inalterability/feasibili-/survivab-, grow/vt?  workablene-/corrupti-/viciousne- Y... 2009.07.17
337Simple viewperversion, conscious(ness), consc(ient)ious,    'aware of'   'responsive to'   'cognizant of'   'percipient of' Y... 2009.07.17
336Simple viewtry-to,  solid(ity), substantialness/tangibility/physicality/legitimation, credibleness, greenish, denote, Andy Y... 2009.07.17
335Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='   impulsivity, impetuosity, anxious/eager?, chat(ter), chiefly/centrally, uppermost/foremost/adv? Y... 2009.07.10
334Simple viewstrangle/worrying(ly),  (ad)judge, recap(itulate), (a)bate,  council/counselor,  gown/univ, (ad)dress,  habit Y... 2009.07.10
333Simple viewstreng(k)th, on purpose, aggravate/tease, broad(ly), wide(ly), quiet(ness/ly), on the quiet, alone, sat/-ing? Y... 2009.07.10
332Simple viewforward(s/ly), further(most), favor/v.i?, foster(ing/ed), caution(ary), heed(fulness), (ad)venture, bold(ness) Y... 2009.07.10
331Simple viewpowerful(ly), power(ful), aloud, roaring(ly),     French kiss,    jazz,   'compare with/to', contrast/n?, born(e) Y... 2009.07.10
330Simple view'aio*Λ/u/='   Your-Honour,       Stonehenge,      eas(il)y/2,   safety,  obsession,    Big Apple (NY),  moniker Y... 2009.07.03
329Simple viewitem/also,  fundament(al),         neighbor,        decisive, hard-hitting,    upright(ly), sheer(ly),         need Y... 2009.07.03
328Simple view'oai*Λ/u/='    excess, inordinacy, immoderacy, extravagancy, whitish, light(ly), soft(ly), almight(il)y, (re)lax Y... 2009.06.26
327Simple view>> Corrections:                               [oaiu]            swanky Y... 2010.03.22
326Simple viewdoll, immigrate, remove/v.i.?  'permit of', sanction, sit/set, lemon,    'spelling bee',    'rote learning', 'look to' Y... 2009.06.26
325Simple viewboast/form, bragging(ly), in vain,  lordly/adv?  egotistic(al), a thought, sequent(ial), economic(al), punitory Y... 2009.06.26
324Simple view>> Corrections:                                        26. lordly Y... 2010.03.22
323Simple viewretaliative, bright(ly), historic(al), oblig(at)e, (t)here, this/that,   voiced/voiceless,   like-to, like, 'like(d) to' Y... 2009.06.26
322Simple view'iΛo*a/u/='    gender role, battle with,  media/data/agenda/dirtily/pathetic(al), fair(ly), comply with, evade Y... 2009.06.20
321Simple viewboxwood/parts/quantity, a quantity of, an amount of, a lot, partially/various/more-important(ly), disorderly Y... 2009.06.20
320Simple viewhigh(ly), bull/bear, corporal/comic(al), panicky/hysteric/fleshy/awful(ly), hysteric, /slash, dare, honey/baby Y... 2009.06.19
319Simple view'oiΛ*a/u/='     obsolescent,  big(ly),   'do ~ have or have ~ got?'  'know about'  defense,   '(not) care less' Y... 2009.06.15
318Simple view'best foot' ugly/clever, plain(ly), banal, dullish, 'girl or woman?'  '-person', man/male,  '-ess' mistress/madam Y... 2009.06.15
317Simple view'iΛa*o/u/='    acknowledgements/sensitive/reasonability/formidable,   once/everyday,   commonly/ordinarily Y... 2009.06.08
316Simple viewroutinely, 'in back of'  back/up, back/v?  capacity,  "first lady"  noblewoman, retaliative, snug(ly), warmish Y... 2009.06.08
315Simple viewelements, near(ly), close(ly), godly,  'free gift?'  free(ly), gam,   'double passive'  abhominable,  likely/liable Y... 2009.06.08
314Simple view'aiΛ*o/u/='    imperative/alleviate, wrought/wreak, nuts,  vs/v,  proceeding(s), formality/solemnities, taunt Y... 2009.06.02
313Simple view>> Corrected:                       [aiΛu] /P/pES/adjectives/adverbs,     [aiΛ=/P,  /MS/noun] 11. solemnities Y... 2010.04.25
312Simple viewcalumny/self-complacently, roughish, effect/affect, marque, P.S. give up, quantity of, roaringly/selectable Y... 2009.06.02
311Simple view'iΛ=*a/o/u'  full(y)/party/complicated/certain  'We sure are'  invaluable/priceless/irrevocability/irreversibility Y... 2009.05.26
310Simple view>> Corrected:                                         complicated/complex Y... 2009.08.28
309Simple viewphilosophic/stoic/cool/factualness/blind/luxuriant/intrinsic/organic/ambiguous,    cell phone,   (to) no end, - Y... 2009.05.26
308Simple view'=iΛ*a/o/u'   beg the question,  plead guilty,   teaser, huff and puff, look at, low(ly),  TV,  agree to,  toast Y... 2009.05.22
307Simple view>> Corrected:                                              [=iΛo]/S/aES Y... 2010.11.13
306Simple viewdeadline,   justly, unique, fairly, hang out,  quarter to,  repulsive/repellant,  ceremonious,  foully, reflect on Y... 2009.05.20
305Simple view'uiΛ*a/o/='  vulnerableness/signiificancy/impotency, soundly, bad(ly), bad/uptight/perchance, chance upon Y... 2009.05.15
304Simple view>> Corrections:                    difficultness  >>   exactingness       [uiΛo] Y... 2009.09.16
303Simple viewheadline,  especially/quieten/empathize/heal, await-for, everywhere, long (for), ill-temper, preside (over), - Y... 2009.05.15
302Simple view<<iΛu*a/o/=>>    medicine/pilot/crowd/feign,     'see television'   'hear radio'      lone(li)ly,  'only terrible' Y... 2009.05.11
301Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>   check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
300Simple viewdisorder(ed)ly, check(ed),   chess/check,  'part and parcel'  blatant/outright(ly), 'pillow sham' 'of course' Y... 2009.05.11
299Simple view'Λio*a/u/='     (im)possible/answerable/chargeable/TB/utilize,    'incomparable adj. equal'   'center (on)' - Y... 2009.05.04
298Simple view>> Corrected:                                    [Λio=] /P/pES/adjectives Y... 2010.07.05
297Simple view'very best'  estimate, shy/short,  'sort of',  (im)practicable, proportional, wild(ly), waits,  'check out it' - Y... 2009.05.04
296Simple view'oΛi*a/u/='   exceptional/lowly/fantastical/absurd(ness),  sick and tired,  nauseous/fundament(al)/(re)lax Y... 2009.04.27
295Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
294Simple viewbasic(ity)/organic(ity)/basically/sick(ly)/ID/good(ness)/why/where/entertainment/awful(ly), loads (of), - Y... 2009.04.27
293Simple view'Λia*o/u/='  follow-up, help, old-salt, sacrosanctity/still(y)/tip/anarchic(al)/exhilarative/capture/casino/- Y... 2009.04.20
292Simple view>> Corrections:   [Λiao]/verb   from /T/mES           &           To: Farlex, Inc. thefreedictionary.com Y... 2009.11.02
291Simple view'aΛi*o/u/='      role, act(ion), pro/professor, older/elderly, suss (out), git/gots, transformation, sociable Y... 2009.04.13
290Simple view>> Corrected:                                [aΛio/P,  noun/MS],   [aΛiu] /P/mES/verb,   [aΛi=]/S/mES Y... 2010.11.09
289Simple viewgroup/warm,  send/idioms,  experiment-with,  sure(ly),  absent, away, gone,  certain, convince, proven Y... 2009.04.13
288Simple view'Λi=*a/o/u'    simple/full/inward/inside/fine/soft   'enough glad' 'beautiful something'   else/tight/just/fair Y... 2009.04.06
287Simple viewstraightforward/stiff/firm  'all but' '- could care less' 'all of a sudden'  specialized/quick/swift/technologic Y... 2009.04.06
286Simple view'=Λi*a/o/u'   comprise/consist, fair(ly), 'fair up/off', 'mild (down)', pretty/very, unawarely, (un)aware-of Y... 2009.03.30
285Simple viewbeware,   'nice of/for ~ to do'   'these/all kind(s) of'   eas(il)y,  friend(li)ly,  route,  suspicious,  light(ly) Y... 2009.03.30
284Simple view'Λiu*a/o/='  want-for, wish, whether/if/that/when, but-what/that, would/should, touching/about, social Y... 2009.03.23
283Simple viewtetragraph 'uΛi*a/o/='    English accent/stress,  German/French, never,  'I will make not it',  mean/break Y... 2009.03.17
282Simple viewsimilar-as,  comparable-with,   (in)famous,  fine(ly),  continual,   'let/leave, permit',  'rather: had better' Y... 2009.03.17
281Simple view'a=o, a=Λ, Λ=o'           lit, definitive, optimum,  fortuitous/felicitous,  dairy, absolutely, partly,  passing Y... 2009.03.09
280Simple view>> Corrected:                         [Λ=o] /S/mES & /S/MS,            definitive/definite Y... 2010.07.06
279Simple view'aΛ=, =aΛ, =ou, Λ=a' purpose'ful'ly, of-choice, alternate, every-cars, of-any, at-all, any-better, any-old Y... 2009.03.09
278Simple vieweach-and-every, either/one-of, he-or-she, neither/none/they, 'all (of)', used-up, hopefully, (a)wake(n) Y... 2009.03.03
277Simple view'oΛ=, =oΛ, Λa=, =Λa'  all-and-sundry, several-of-the, funny/silly/go, all-that, be-all, like-to-went, close Y... 2009.02.23
276Simple view'uaΛ, ua=, oΛa, uoΛ'  awful(ly), bad(ly), foul/culture/finalize, in-fine, at-large, believe-in, healthful,  ŋ*h Y... 2009.02.17
275Simple view>> Corrections :                            [ua=] /T/mES Y... 2013.07.18
274Simple view'=ua, a=u, Λ=u, =uo'     search-for, soldier/sc(k)eptical,  quick(ly), all-of-a-sudden, in-earnest, for-sure Y... 2009.02.09
273Simple view>> Corrections:                          [a=u] /P/pES             "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2011.02.12
272Simple viewmean/excellent, opt/cope, elementary-school, Volksschule, digraph, physiognomy/2, GRECOnglish-sound Y... 2009.02.09
271Simple view>> Corrected:           " How do English-mother-tongue people mimic GRECOnglish sounds?" Y... 2009.02.25
270Simple view'o=a, o=Λ, o=u, uo='       fellow,  queer/gay,  barbarianism,  quote,  gossamered,  'patch up it'    prep/8 Y... 2009.02.02
269Simple view>> Corrected:                                          [uo=]/S/aES/verb Y... 2010.07.01
268Simple view'u=a, u=Λ, u=o, ou='     ugly/balky,  clever/affable,  'in vain'  sanguine/sanguinary/bloodthirsty,   prep/7 Y... 2009.01.27
267Simple viewso-as-to-help; for; for-the-sake-of; on-behalf-of; instead-of; in-service-of; toward(s); lasting;    etc. Y... 2009.01.23
266Simple view'auo, Λau, au=, =au'    transitive/intransitive,   kindly/please,  kindly/adjective?   'of: owned-by'  ya/yep Y... 2009.01.21
265Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
264Simple viewTo-begin-with, look-forward-to, either/neither/too,   prep/6,  at-the-same-time,   He is young.  passive Y... 2009.01.21
263Simple view'aΛo, Λou, Λo=, =Λo'     comfy,  'at random',  opt/shove, dumb/stupid, cater, toss,   'sore afraid'     'em Y... 2009.01.14
262Simple view>> Corrected:                                  [Λo=] /S/aES/verb Y... 2010.06.25
261Simple viewpoke/bag/etc.  ye/ge/yt/yat,   notwithstanding,     prep/5,     English preposition & Korean postposition Y... 2009.01.14
260Simple view'Λu=, =Λu, Λuo, oΛu'    cushy, good/well, anyplace/etc. presently, easy/easily,    prep/4,  'than: prep?' Y... 2009.01.08
259Simple view'uΛo, ouΛ, Λua, aΛu'     mammoth,  Howdy?  be-restless/concerned-to,  identify,  a-couple-of,   prep/2 Y... 2008.12.31
258Simple viewas/so~as, like, as/that/what/since/because,   on/in-behalf-of,  different from/to/than,   prepositions/3 Y... 2008.12.31
257Simple view'uΛa, auΛ, uΛ=, =uΛ'         infer/imply,    'walk/go/hike/etc.' as v.tr.?    Coke,      English prepositions/1 Y... 2008.12.24
256Simple view<<i=a, i=Λ, i=o, oua>>   cater-to/for, annoy/aggravate, 'People goes'  entente,  May I help you? wrong Y... 2008.12.17
255Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
254Simple view<<a=i, Λ=i, o=i, u=i>>  identify(v.intr?),  be-anxious/eager/dying/ardent/yearning-to,  Sylvia,  angry-at Y... 2008.12.10
253Simple view<<ao=, =ao, aou, uao>>   v/f/r/l/m/n/k/g  mass noun, much/a-lot-of/a-great-deal-of, many-a/as-many Y... 2008.12.04
252Simple viewnightclub.  something, a-bit/too-much/make-much-of, much-as,  quote/unquote,  split infinitive?  <go> Y... 2008.12.04
251Simple view<<oau, uoa, aoΛ, Λao>>    She is very praised.    'cannot help but'/'can't seem to'    talk,   be-fixing-to Y... 2008.11.25
250Simple view<<oaΛ, Λoa, oa=, =oa>>      suss,     lingo/jargon/etc.    j/c/x/q/w/y,    "at fright"/aghast,     when Y... 2008.11.18
249Simple view<<iou, io=, =io, i=u>>                      look,                 up,                    "at life"/alive Y... 2008.11.13
248Simple view>> Corrections:                                       "check  >>  check-out" Y... 2009.09.22
247Simple view<<iuo, oiu, uoi, ioΛ>>       sweet-potato,       θ[fs]/ð[vz],       amuck,     "crazy good"         <as> Y... 2008.11.05
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