|Subject ||needy, short/low, jovial, lively, 'full of beans', congenial/ratty/peevish, sour/tart, surly/churlish, peppery
202. needy/noun?? ("on the breadline")
* needy >> "on the breadline" /GC/S/Ch/abT
2.(used with a plural verb) needy persons collectively (usually prec. by the): Help the needy.
"the needy" (needin/P + ess/S) neediness
203. penniless ("cleaned out")
* penniless >> "cleaned out" /GC/S/Ch/abT
204. poverty-stricken ("without two pennies to rub together")
* "poverty-stricken" >> "without two pennies to rub together" /GC/S/Ch/abT
205. short/adverb??/noun??/verb?? (low)
* short >> low /GC/S/Ch/abT
22.abruptly or suddenly: to stop short.
24.on the near side of an intended or particular point: The arrow landed short.
a.with the hands higher on the handle of the bat than usual: He held the bat short and flied out.
b.in a fielding position closer to home plate than usual.
* When articulating "shortly" or "short-circuit" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "short" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
short (suddenl/P/Ch + y/C2/Ch) suddenly
short (curtl/P/Ch + y/C2/Ch) curtly
short (nearl/P/Ch + y/C2/Ch) nearly
short (highl/P/Ch + y/C2/Ch) highly
short (cl/P/Ch + osely/C2/Ch) closely
26.something that is short.
27.that which is deficient or lacking.
28.the sum and substance of a matter; gist (usually prec. by the).
"the short" (shortn/P + ess/S) shortness
"the short" (lack/P + ing/S) lacking
"the short" (gis/P + t/S) gist
a. trousers, knee-length or shorter.
b.short pants worn by men as an undergarment.
c. knee breeches, formerly worn by men.
d. Finance. short-term bonds.
e. Mining. crushed ore failing to pass through a given screen, thus being of a larger given size than a specific grade. Compare fine (def. 29a).
f.remnants, discards, or refuse of various cutting and manufacturing processes.
shorts (tr/P/Ch + ousers/C2/Ch) trousers
shorts (und/P/Ch + ergarment/C2/Ch) undergarment
shorts (br/P/Ch + eeches/C2/Ch) breeches
shorts (bond/P/Ch + s/C2/Ch) bonds
shorts (scr/P/Ch + een/C2/Ch) screen
shorts (ref/P/Ch + use/C2/Ch) refuse
30. a size of garment for men who are shorter than average: He wears a 42 short.
31.a garment, as a suit or overcoat, in such a size.
32. Military. a shot that strikes or bursts short of the target.
33. Electricity. short circuit.
34. Prosody. a short sound or syllable.
short (si/P/Ch + ze/C2/Ch) size
short (su/P/Ch + it/C2/Ch) suit
short (sho/P/Ch + t/C2/Ch) shot
short (circ/P/Ch + uit/C2/Ch) circuit
short (soun/P/Ch + d/C2/Ch) sound
35. Baseball. shortstop (def. 1).
36. Movies. short subject.
37. Finance. short seller.
38. a deficiency or the amount of a deficiency.
39. Chiefly British. a small drink of straight whiskey; shot.
short (shortst/P/Ch + op/C2/Ch) shortstop
short (subj/P/Ch + ect/C2/Ch) subject
short (sell/P/Ch + er/C2/Ch) seller
short (def/P/Ch + iciency/C2/Ch) deficiency
short (dr/P/Ch + ink/C2/Ch) drink
–verb (used with object)
40.to cause a short circuit in.
41. to cheat by giving less than is expected or deserved; shortchange.
short (ma/P/Ch + ke/C2/Ch) make
short (chea/P/Ch + t/C2/Ch) cheat
–verb (used without object)
43. come/fall short,
a. to fail to reach a particular standard.
b.to prove insufficient; be lacking: Her funds fell short, and she had to wire home for help.
"come short" (fa/P/Ch + il/C2/Ch)/+cp fail
"fall short" (fa/P + il/C2)/+cp fail
"come short" ([læ w=]/P/Ch + k=/C2/Ch) lack [læ w= k=]
"fall short" ([læ w=]/P + k=/C2) lack [læ w= k=]
44. cut short, to end abruptly; terminate: Her nap was cut short by a loud noise from outside.
"cut short" ([ŋæ w=n]/P/Ch + d=/C2/Ch) end [ŋæ w=n d=]
45. for short, by way of abbreviation: Her name is Patricia, and she's called Pat for short.
"for short" (in/P/Ch + abbreviation/C2/Ch) "in abbreviation"
46. in short,
b.in few words; in brief: In short, this has been rather a disappointing day.
"in short" (summ/P/Ch + arily/C2/Ch) summarily
"in short" (br/P/Ch + iefly/C2/Ch) briefly
47. make short work of. work (def. 52).
"make short work of" ([wo w=]/P/Ch + k=/C2/Ch) work [wo w= k=]
48. run short, to be in insufficient supply: My patience is running short.
"run short" (fa/P/Ch + il/C2/Ch)/+bp fail
"run short" (decl/P/Ch + ine/C2/Ch) decline
49. sell short,
a. Stock Exchange . to sell stocks or the like without having them in one's actual possession at the time of the sale.
b.to disparage or underestimate: Don't sell Tom short; he's really an excellent engineer.
"sell short" ([sæ w=l]/P/Ch + l=/C2/Ch) sell [sæ w=l l=]
"sell short" (und/P/Ch + erestimate/C2/Ch) underestimate
50. short and sweet,
a. pleasantly brief.
b. pertinent: We're in a hurry, so make it short and sweet.
"short and sweet" (br/P/Ch + ief/C2/Ch) brief
"short and sweet" (pert/P/Ch + inent/C2/Ch) pertinent
51. short for, being a shorter form of; abbreviated to: “Phone” is short for “telephone.”
"short for" (contraction/P/Ch + of/C2/Ch) "contraction of"
52. short of,
a. less than; inferior to.
b. inadequately supplied with (money, food, etc.).
c.without going to the length of; failing of; excluding: Short of murder, there is nothing he wouldn't have tried to get what he wanted.
"short of" (less/P/Ch + than/C2/Ch) "less than"
"short of" (in/P/Ch + adequate/C2/Ch) inadequate
"short of" (exclud/P/Ch + ing/C2/Ch) excluding
1.situated, placed, or occurring not far above the ground, floor, or base: a low shelf.
2.of small extent upward; not high or tall: A low wall surrounds the property.
3.not far above the horizon, as a planet: The moon was low in the sky.
4.lying or being below the general level: low ground.
5.designating or pertaining to regions near sea level, esp. near the sea: low countries.
low (pl/P/Ch + aced/C2/Ch) placed
low ("not-t"/P/Ch + all/C2/Ch) "not-tall"
low ("on the"/P/Ch + horizon/C2/Ch) "on the horizon"
low ("below the"/P/Ch + level/C2/Ch) "below the level"
low ("on the sea"/P/Ch + level/C2/Ch) "on the sea level"
6.bending or passing far downward; deep: a low bow.
7. (of a garment) low-necked; décolleté: The dress she wore was fashionably low.
8.rising but slightly from a surface: a low relief on a frieze.
9.of less than average or normal height or depth, as a liquid or stream: The river is low this time of year.
10.near the first of a series: a low number.
low (dee/P/Ch + p/C2/Ch) deep
low ("low-n"/P/Ch + ecked/C2/Ch) low-necked
low (sm/P/Ch + all/C2/Ch) small
low ("not-d"/P/Ch + eep/C2/Ch) "not-deep"
low (beg/P/Ch + inning/C2/Ch) beginning
11. ranked near the beginning or bottom on some scale of measurement: a low income bracket.
12.indicating the bottom or the point farthest down: the low point in his creative life.
13.lacking in strength, energy, or vigor; feeble; weak: to feel low and listless.
14.providing little nourishment or strength, as a diet.
15.of small number, amount, degree, force, intensity, etc.: low visibility; a generator with a low output.
low (rank/P/Ch + ed/C2/Ch) ranked
low (do/P/Ch + wn/C2/Ch) down
low (wea/P/Ch + k/C2/Ch) weak
low (lit/P/Ch + tle/C2/Ch) little
low (mea/P/Ch + ger/C2/Ch) meager
16.indicated or represented by a low number: A low latitude is one relatively near the equator.
17.soft: subdued; not loud: a low murmur.
18. Music. produced by relatively slow vibrations, as sounds; grave in pitch.
19.assigning or attributing little worth, value, excellence, or the like: a low estimate of a new book.
20.containing a relatively small amount: a diet low in starches.
low (centr/P/Ch + al/C2/Ch) central
low ("not-l"/P/Ch + oud/C2/Ch) "not-loud"
low (mea/P/Ch + ger/C2/Ch) slow
low (negl/P/Ch + igible/C2/Ch) negligible
low (sl/P/Ch + ight/C2/Ch) slight
21.nearing depletion; not adequately supplied: low on funds; Our stock of towels is low.
22.depressed or dejected: low spirits.
23.far down in the scale of rank or estimation; humble: of low birth.
24. of inferior quality or character: a low grade of fabric; a low type of intellect.
25.lacking in dignity or elevation, as of thought or expression.
low (in/P/Ch + adequate/C2/Ch) inadequate
low (dej/P/Ch + ected/C2/Ch) dejected
low (hum/P/Ch + ble/C2/Ch) humble
low (inf/P/Ch + erior/C2/Ch) inferior
low (pett/P/Ch + y/C2/Ch) petty
26.mean, base, or disreputable: low tricks; low companions.
27.coarse or vulgar: entertainment of a low sort.
28. Boxing. struck or delivered below a contestant's belt.
29. Biology. having a relatively simple structure; not complex in organization.
30. Phonetics. (of a vowel) articulated with a relatively large opening above the tongue, as the vowels of hat, hut, hot, ought, etc. Compare high (def. 23).
low (disr/P/Ch + eputable/C2/Ch) disreputable
low (vulg/P/Ch + ar/C2/Ch) vulgar
low (del/P/Ch + ivered/C2/Ch) delivered
low ("not-c"/P/Ch + omplex/C2/Ch) "not-complex"
low (lar/P/Ch + ge/C2/Ch) large
31. Automotive. of, pertaining to, or operating at the gear transmission ratio at which the drive shaft moves at the lowest speed with relation to the speed of the engine crankshaft, used esp. for temporarily overcoming the weight or inertia of the vehicle; first: low gear.
32. Baseball. (of a pitched ball) passing the plate at a level below that of the batter's knees: a low curve.
33. Cards. having less value than other cards: a low card.
34. Metallurgy. having a relatively small amount of a specified constituent (usually used in combination): low-carbon steel.
35. Chiefly British. holding to Low Church principles and practices.
low (less/P/Ch + er/C2/Ch) lesser
low ("below the"/P/Ch + knee/C2/Ch) "below the knee"
low ("less-th"/P/Ch + an/C2/Ch) "less-than"
low (red/P/Ch + uced/C2/Ch) reduced
low (Angl/P/Ch + ican/C2/Ch) Anglican
36.in or to a low position, point, degree, etc.: The raiders crouched low in the bushes.
37.near the ground, floor, or base; not aloft: The plane flew low.
38.in or to a humble or abject state: Some live low while others live high. She swore she would bring him low.
39.in or to a condition of depletion, prostration, or death: The gas in the tank is running low.
40.at comparatively small cost; cheaply: to buy something low and sell it high.
41.at or to a low pitch, volume, intensity, etc.: to turn the radio low; lights turned down low.
42.in a low tone; softly; quietly; to speak low.
43. Archaic. far down in time; late.
low (humbl/P/Ch + y/C2/Ch) humbly
low (zer/P/Ch + o/C2/Ch) zero
low (cheapl/P/Ch + y/C2/Ch) cheaply
low (lef/P/Ch + t/C2/Ch) left
low (softl/P/Ch + y/C2/Ch) softly
low ([læ y=]/P/Ch + t=/C2/Ch) late [læ y= t=]
44.something that is low, as ground or prices: numerous marshy lows in the forest; the recent low in the stock market.
45. Automotive. low gear; first gear.
46. Meteorology. an atmospheric low-pressure system; cyclone. Compare high (def. 37).
low (lev/P/Ch + el/C2/Ch) level
low ([gi w=]/P/Ch + ŋΛ/C2/Ch) gear [gi w= ŋΛ]
middle ([gi w=]/T/Ch + ŋΛ/S/Ch) gear [gi w= ŋΛ]
high ([gi w=]/S/Ch + ŋΛ/P/Ch) gear [gi w= ŋΛ]
first (lo/P/Ch + w/S/Ch) low
second (mi/P/Ch + ddle/S/Ch) middle
third (ha/P/Ch + y=/S/Ch) high [ha y=]
low (pr/P/Ch + essure/C2/Ch) pressure
high (pr/S/Ch + essure/P/Ch) pressure
a. the lowest trump card.
b. a card of small value, or of lower value than other cards.
c. the lowest score in a game.
d. a player having such a score.
48.a point of deepest decline, vulgarity, etc.: a new low in tastelessness.
49. Slang. a period of intense depression or discomfort, when the effects of a drug have subsided.
low (car/P/Ch + d/C2/Ch) card
low (va/P/Ch + lue/C2/Ch) value
low (sc/P/Ch + ore/C2/Ch) score
low (pl/P/Ch + ayer/C2/Ch) player
low (decl/P/Ch + ine/C2/Ch) decline
low (per/P/Ch + iod/C2/Ch) period
50. lay low,
a. to overpower or kill; defeat: to lay one's attackers low.
b. to knock down; make prostrate.
c. Informal. to lie low.
"lay low" (ov/P/Ch + erpower/C2/Ch) overpower
"lay low" ("knock-d"/P/Ch + own/C2/Ch) "knock-down"
"lay low" ("lie-l"/P/Ch + ow/C2/Ch) "lie-low"
a. to conceal oneself: He had to lie low for a while.
b. to do nothing until the right opportunity develops; bide one's time: Until the dispute is settled, you would do best to lie low.
"lie low" (conceal/P/Ch + oneself/C2/Ch) "conceal oneself"
"lie low" (wai/P/Ch + t/C2/Ch) wait
206. cheery (jovial)
* cheery >> jovial /GC/S/Ch/abT
1.endowed with or characterized by a hearty, joyous humor or a spirit of good-fellowship: a wonderfully jovial host.
2. (initial capital letter) of or pertaining to the god Jove, or Jupiter.
Jovial (Jo/P/Ch + ve/S/Ch)/pES Jove
Jovial (Jup/P/Ch + iter/S/Ch)/pES Jupiter
207. lively ("full of beans")
* lively >> "full of beans" /GC/S/Ch/abT
12.with briskness, vigor, or animation; briskly: to step lively.
lively (en/S/Ch + ergetically/P/Ch) energetically
A) "full of beans"
10.full of beans, Informal.
a.energetic; vigorously active; vital: He is still full of beans at 95.
b. stupid; erroneous; misinformed.
"full of beans" (stup/S/Ch + id/P/Ch) stupid
208. happy ("floating on air")
* capture >> "floating on air" /GC/S/Ch/abT
209. upbeat ("looking up")
* upbeat >> "looking up" /GC/S/Ch/abT
210. genial ("warm-hearted")
* genial >> "warm-hearted" /GC/S/Ch/abT
211. pleasant (congenial)
* pleasant >> congenial /GC/S/Ch/abT
1. Having the same tastes, habits, or temperament; sympathetic.
2. Of a pleasant disposition; friendly and sociable: a congenial host.
3. Suited to one's needs or nature; agreeable: congenial surroundings.
congenial (agr/P/Ch + eeable/S/Ch) agreeable
212. querulous (ratty)
* querulous >> ratty /GC/S/Ch/abT
adj -tier, -tiest
1. Brit and NZ informal irritable; annoyed
2. Informal (of the hair) unkempt or greasy
3. US and Canadian slang shabby; dilapidated
4. Austral slang
5. of, like, or full of rats
ratty (unk/P/Ch + empt/S/Ch) unkempt
ratty (of/P/Ch + mouse/S/Ch) "of mouse"
* ratty >> rat /GC/P/Ch/abR
That is, when articulating "ratty" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "rat" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
213. touchy (peevish)
* touchy >> peevish /GC/S/Ch/abT
1.cross, querulous, or fretful, as from vexation or discontent: a peevish youngster.
2.showing annoyance, irritation, or bad mood: a peevish reply; a peevish frown.
3. perverse or obstinate.
peevish (querul/P/Ch + ous/S/Ch) querulous
peevish (perv/P/Ch + erse/S/Ch) perverse
214. sour/noun??/verb?? (tart)
* sour >> tart /GC/S/Ch/abT
11.something that is sour.
12.any of various cocktails consisting typically of whiskey or gin with lemon or lime juice and sugar and sometimes soda water, often garnished with a slice of orange, a maraschino cherry, or both.
13.an acid or an acidic substance used in laundering and bleaching to neutralize alkalis and to decompose residual soap or bleach.
"the sour" (sourn/P + ess/S) sourness
"the sour" (cockt/P + ail/S) cocktail
"the sour" (ac/P + id/S) acid
–verb (used without object)
14. to become sour, rancid, mildewed, etc.; spoil: Milk sours quickly in warm weather. The laundry soured before it was ironed.
15. to become unpleasant or strained; worsen; deteriorate: Relations between the two countries have soured.
16. to become bitter, disillusioned, or disinterested: I guess I soured when I learned he was married. My loyalty soured after his last book.
17. Agriculture. (of soil) to develop excessive acidity.
* When articulating "become sour", "become strained", "become bitter" or "show acidity" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "sour" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
–verb (used with object)
18. to make sour; cause sourness in: What do they use to sour the mash?
19.to cause spoilage in; rot: Defective cartons soured the apples.
20. to make bitter, disillusioned, or disagreeable: One misadventure needn't have soured him. That swindle soured a great many potential investors.
sour ("make-s"/P + our/S) "make-sour"
sour (ro/P + t/S) rot
sour ("make-b"/P + itter/S) "make-bitter"
adj. tart•er, tart•est
1. Having a sharp pungent taste; sour. See Synonyms at sour.
2. Sharp or bitter in tone or meaning; cutting.
tart (shar/P/Ch + p/C1/Ch) sharp
a. A pastry shell with shallow sides, no top crust, and any of various fillings.
b. Chiefly British A pie.
a. A prostitute.
b. A woman considered to be sexually promiscuous.
tart (pastr/P/Ch + y/C2/Ch) pastry
tart (pa/P/Ch + y=/C2/Ch) pie [pa y=]
tart (pr/P/Ch + ostitute/C2/Ch) prostitute
tart (wom/P/Ch + an/C2/Ch) woman
tr.v. tart•ed, tart•ing, tarts Chiefly British
To dress up or make fancy in a tawdry, garish way. Often used with up.
tart (dr/P/Ch + ess/C1/Ch) dress
"tart up" (dr/P + ess/C1) dress
215. surly (churlish)
* surly >> churlish /GC/S/Ch/abT
Re/Corrections: Article of "alienism, exot(ci)sm, revenge, extant, actual(ly), ugly, surly, current/heart/Hist? headquarter(s), bake(ry)" <<Column 18. surly/Sirly>>
* When articulating "churlish" with/from English /P/Ch speaking posture, "churl" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
And when articulating "churl" with/from English /T speaking posture, "ceorl" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced. When articulating "ceorl" with/from English /S speaking posture, "peasant" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
When articulating "peasant" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S speaking posture, "freeman" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
Sirly (Sir/S + s/C2)
When articulating "Sirly" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "arrogant" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
1.like a churl; boorish; rude: churlish behavior.
2.of a churl; peasantlike.
4. difficult to work or deal with, as soil.
churlish (peasantl/P/Ch + ike/S/Ch) peasantlike
churlish (mi/P/Ch + y=n/S/Ch) mean [mi y=n]
churlish (diff/P/Ch + icult/S/Ch) difficult
216. tetchy (peppery)
* tetchy >> peppery /GC/S/Ch/abT
1.full of or tasting like pepper; hot; pungent.
2. of, pertaining to, or resembling pepper.
3. sharp or stinging: a peppery speech.
4.easily angered; bad-tempered; irritable; irascible: the peppery leader of a political faction.
peppery (ho/P/Ch + t/S/Ch) hot
peppery (of/P/Ch + pepper/S/Ch) "of pepper"
peppery (shar/P/Ch + p/S/Ch) sharp
| solemnities/gravity, majesties, 'His Honour, etc.', destitute, 'down and out', poor, 'bad(ly) off', 'well-off'|
| testy/heady/snappish, unlimited/incomparable/peremptory/complain, grumble/bellyache, carp/kvetch, groan|