|Subject ||hype/razzmatazz, razzle-dazzle, spotlight, play-up, write-up, champion/uphold, develop, defend, 'plead for'
166. hype/noun?? (razzmatazz, razzle, razzle-dazzle, razmataz)
* hype >> razzmatazz /GC/S/Ch/abT >> razzle /GC/P/Ch/abT >> "razzle-dazzle" /GC/P/abT >> razmataz /GC/P/Ch/abR
5.exaggerated publicity; hoopla.
6.an ingenious or questionable claim, method, etc., used in advertising, promotion, or publicity to intensify the effect.
7.a swindle, deception, or trick.
hype (hoopl/S + a/P) hoopla
hype (meth/S + od/P) method
hype (dec/S + eption/P) deception
1. A flashy action or display intended to bewilder, confuse, or deceive.
2. Ambiguous or evasive language; double talk.
3. Ebullient energy; vim.
razzmatazz (displ/S/Ch + ay/P/Ch) display
razzmatazz (amb/S/Ch + iguity/P/Ch) ambiguity
razzmatazz (ebull/S/Ch + ience/P/Ch) ebullience
1.showiness, brilliance, or virtuosity in technique or effect, often without concomitant substance or worth; flashy theatricality: The razzle-dazzle of the essay's metaphors cannot disguise its shallowness of thought.
2.Chiefly Football. deceptive action typically consisting of a series of complex maneuvers, as a double reverse or hand-off, usually executed in a flashy manner: a team relying more on power and speed than razzle-dazzle.
3.confusion, commotion, or riotous gaiety.
"razzle-dazzle" (theatri/S + cality/P) theatricality
"razzle-dazzle" (maneuv/S + er/P) maneuver
"razzle-dazzle" (comm/S + otion/P) commotion
4.impressively opulent or decorative, esp. in a new way; showy; flashy; eye-catching: a shopping center lined with razzle-dazzle boutiques.
5.energetic, dynamic, or innovative: razzle-dazzle technology; a razzle-dazzle sales pitch.
"razzle-dazzle" (opul/S + ent/P) opulent
"razzle-dazzle" (dyn/S + amic/P) dynamic
167. spotlight/noun?? ("draw attention to")
* spotlight >> "draw attention to" /GC/S/Ch/abT
1.a strong, focused light thrown upon a particular spot, as on a small area of a stage or in a television studio, for making some object, person, or group especially conspicuous.
2.a lamp for producing such a light.
3.a brilliant light with a focused beam, mounted on the side of an automobile and used for illuminating objects not within range of the headlights.
4.the area of immediate or conspicuous public attention: Asia is in the spotlight now.
spotlight (sp/S/Ch + ot/P/Ch) spot
spotlight (lam/S/Ch + p/P/Ch) lamp
spotlight (aut/S/Ch + omobile/P/Ch) automobile
spotlight (public/S/Ch + attention/P/Ch) "public attention"
168. play-up (play)
* "play up" >> play /GC/S/Ch/abT
1.a dramatic composition or piece; drama.
2.a dramatic performance, as on the stage.
3. exercise or activity for amusement or recreation.
4.fun or jest, as opposed to seriousness: I said it merely in play.
play (dr/S/Ch + dr/P/Ch) drama
play (perf/S/Ch + ormance/P/Ch) performance
play (ex/S/Ch + ercise/P/Ch) exercise
play (je/S/Ch + st/P/Ch) jest
play (pΛ/S/Ch + w=n/P/Ch) pun [pΛ w=n]
6.the playing, action, or conduct of a game: The pitcher was replaced in the fourth inning of play.
7.the manner or style of playing or of doing something: We admired his fine play throughout the game.
8.an act or instance of playing or of doing something: a stupid play that cost us the match.
9.one's turn to play: Whose play is it?
10.a playing for stakes; gambling.
play (play/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch) playing
play (st/S/Ch + yle/P/Ch) style
play (a/S/Ch + ct/P/Ch) act
play (tΛ/S/Ch + w=n/P/Ch) turn [tΛ w=n]
play (gambl/S/Ch + ing/P/Ch) gambling
11.an attempt to accomplish something, often in a manner showing craft or calculation; maneuver: They tried to buy up the stock in a takeover play.
12.an enterprise or venture; deal: an oil and drilling play.
13. action, conduct, or dealing of a specified kind: fair play; foul play.
14.action, activity, or operation: the play of fancy.
15.brisk, light, or changing movement or action: a fountain with a leaping play of water.
play (man/S/Ch + euver/P/Ch) maneuver
play (vent/S/Ch + ure/P/Ch) venture
play (act/S/Ch + ion/P/Ch) action
play (op/S/Ch + eration/P/Ch) operation
play (movem/S/Ch + ent/P/Ch) movement
16.elusive change or movement, as of light or colors: the play of a searchlight against the night sky.
17.a space in which something, as a part of a mechanism, can move.
18. freedom of movement within a space, as of a part of a mechanism.
19.freedom for action, or scope for activity: full play of the mind.
20.attention in the press or other media; coverage; dissemination as news: The birth of the panda got a big play in the papers.
21.an act or instance of being broadcast: The governor's speech got two plays on our local station.
play (elus/S/Ch + iveness/P/Ch) elusiveness
play (sp/S/Ch + ace/P/Ch) space
play (fr/S/Ch + eedom/P/Ch) freedom
play (sc/S/Ch + ope/P/Ch) scope
play (diss/S/Ch + emination/P/Ch) dissemination
play (br/S/Ch + oadcasting/P/Ch) broadcasting
–verb (used with object)
22.to act the part of (a person or character) in a dramatic performance; portray: to play Lady Macbeth.
23.to perform (a drama, pantomime, etc.) on or as if on the stage.
24.to act or sustain (a part) in a dramatic performance or in real life: to play the role of benefactor.
25.to act the part or character of in real life: to play the fool; to play God.
26.to give performances in, as a theatrical company does: to play the larger cities.
play (portr/S/Ch + ay/P/Ch) portray
play (perf/S/Ch + orm/P/Ch) perform
play (sust/S/Ch + ain/P/Ch) sustain
play ("act the character"/S/Ch + of/P/Ch) "act the character of"
play ("give performances"/S/Ch + in/P/Ch) "give performances in"
27. to engage in (a game, pastime, etc.).
28. to contend against in a game.
29.to function or perform as (a specified player) in a game or competition: He usually plays left end.
30. to employ (a piece of equipment, a player, etc.) in a game: I played my highest card.
31. to use as if in playing a game, as for one's own advantage: He played his brothers against each other.
play (eng/S/Ch + "age-in"/P/Ch) "engage-in"
play (contend/S/Ch + against/P/Ch) "contend against"
play (perf/S/Ch + "orm-as"/P/Ch) "perform-as"
play (empl/S/Ch + oy/P/Ch) employ
play ([ŋ= w=]/S/Ch + s=/P/Ch) use [ŋ= w= s=]
32.to stake or wager, as in a game.
33.to lay a wager or wagers on (something).
34.to represent or imitate, as for recreation or in jest: to play cowboys and Indians.
35.to perform on (a musical instrument).
36.to perform (music) on an instrument.
play (wag/S/Ch + er/P/Ch) wager
play (lay/S/Ch + wagers/P/Ch) "lay wagers"
play (repr/S/Ch + esent/P/Ch) represent
play (perform/S/Ch + on/P/Ch) "perform on"
play (pres/S/Ch + ent/P/Ch) present
37.to cause (a phonograph, radio, recording, etc.) to produce sound or pictures: to play a tape; to play the radio.
38. to do or perform: You shouldn't play tricks. Compromise plays an important part in marriage.
39.to carry or put into operation; act upon: to play a hunch.
40.to cause to move or change lightly or quickly: to play colored lights on a fountain.
play (rΛ/S/Ch + w=n/P/Ch) run [rΛ w=n]
play (du/S/Ch + w=/P/Ch) do [du w=]
play ("act-up"/S/Ch + on/P/Ch) "act-upon"
play (mo/S/Ch + ve/P/Ch) move
41. to operate or cause to operate, esp. continuously or with repeated action: to play a hose on a fire.
42.to allow (a hooked fish) to exhaust itself by pulling on the line.
43.to display or feature (a news story, photograph, etc.), esp. prominently: Play the flood photos on page one.
44.to exploit or trade in (an investment, business opportunity, stock, etc.).
play (op/S/Ch + erate/P/Ch) operate
play (exh/S/Ch + aust/P/Ch) exhaust
play (feat/S/Ch + ure/P/Ch) feature
play (expl/S/Ch + oit/P/Ch) exploit
–verb (used without object)
45.to exercise or employ oneself in diversion, amusement, or recreation.
46.to do something in sport that is not to be taken seriously.
47. to amuse oneself; toy; trifle (often fol. by with).
48.to take part or engage in a game.
49.to take part in a game for stakes; gamble.
50.to conduct oneself or act in a specified way: to play fair.
51.to act on or as if on the stage; perform.
52. to perform on a musical instrument.
53. (of an instrument or music) to sound in performance: The strings are playing well this evening.
54. (of a phonograph, radio, recording, etc.) to give forth sound: The radio played all night.
55. to be performed or shown: What's playing at the movie theater around the corner?
56. to be capable of or suitable for performance, as a television or dramatic script: We hope this scene will play well.
57. Informal. to be accepted or effective; fare: How will the senator's proposal play with the public?
58.to move freely within a space, as a part of a mechanism.
59.to move about lightly or quickly: The water of the fountain played in the air.
60.to present the effect of such motion, as light or the changing colors of an iridescent substance: The lights played strangely over the faces of the actors.
61.to operate continuously or with repeated action.
62. Informal. to comply or cooperate: They wanted her to tell them what she knew about the plans, but she refused to play.
* When articulating "razmataz /GC/P/Ch/abR", "employ oneself", "do sport", "amuse oneself", "engage in a game", "do a gamble", "conduct oneself", "make performance", "perform an instrument", "make sound", "give sound", "be performed", "be suitable for performance", "be accepted", "make movement", "make maneuver", "make effect", "repeat action" or "make cooperation" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture, "play" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
a.to cooperate or concur; go along.
b.to pretend to cooperate or concur.
"play along" (coop/S/Ch + erate/P/Ch) cooperate
"play along" ("pretend to"/S/Ch + cooperate/P/Ch) "pretend to cooperate"
64.play around, Informal.
a.to behave in a playful or frivolous manner; fool around.
b.to be sexually promiscuous.
c.to be sexually unfaithful.
"play around" (misb/S/Ch + ehave/P/Ch) misbehave
"play around" (phil/S/Ch + ander/P/Ch) philander
"play around" (wom/S/Ch + anize/P/Ch) womanize
a.to pretend interest in: It's obvious that you're just playing at fishing for my sake.
b.to do something without seriousness: He is merely playing at being a student.
"play at" ("pretend interest"/S/Ch + in/P/Ch) "pretend interest in"
66.play back, to play (a recording, esp. one newly made): Play it back and let's hear how I sound.
"play back" (repl/S/Ch + ay/P/Ch) replay
67.play down, to treat as of little importance; belittle: He has consistently played down his own part in the successful enterprise.
"play down" (bel/S/Ch + ittle/P/Ch) belittle
a.Sports. to play an extra game or round in order to settle a tie.
b.Sports. to engage in an elimination game or games after the regular season is over in order to determine the champion.
c. to set (one person or thing) against another, usually for one's own gain or advantage: The children could usually get what they wanted by playing one parent off against the other.
"play off" (rem/S/Ch + atch/P/Ch) rematch
"play off" ("have a"/S/Ch + rematch/P/Ch) "have a rematch"
"play off" ([sæ w=]/S/Ch + t=/P/Ch) set [sæ w= t=]
69.play on/upon, to exploit, as the feelings or weaknesses of another; take selfish advantage of: She would never think of playing on the good nature of others.
"play on" (expl/S/Ch + oit/P/Ch) exploit
"play upon" (expl/S + oit/P) exploit
a. to bring to an end; finish.
b. to use up; exhaust: to play out one's supplies.
c. to reel or pay out, as a rope, line, etc.
"play out" ("bring to an"/S/Ch + end/P/Ch) "bring to an end"
"play out" (use/S/Ch + up/P/Ch) "use up"
"play out" (reel/S/Ch + out/P/Ch) "reel out"
71.play up, to emphasize the importance of; highlight or publicize: The schools are playing up their science programs.
"play up" (emph/S/Ch + asize/P/Ch) emphasize
72. bring into play, to put into motion; cause to be introduced: New evidence has been brought into play in this trial.
"bring into play" (acc/S/Ch + ept/P/Ch) accept
73. come to play, Informal. to be disposed to play or participate in a manner reflecting a determination to win or succeed: We're a small new business, but we came to play.
"come to play" (succ/S/Ch + eed/P/Ch) succeed
74. in (out of) play, in or not in the state of being played during a game: The umpire says the ball was not in play.
"in play" (leg/S/Ch + al/P/Ch) legal
"out of play" (ill/S/Ch + egal/P/Ch) illegal
"in play" (taken/S/Ch + over/P/Ch) "taken over"
75. make a play for, Informal.
a. to try to attract, esp. sexually: He made a play for his friend's girlfriend.
b.to attempt to gain by impressing favorably: This ad will make a play for new consumer markets.
"make a play for" (cour/S/Ch + t/P/Ch) court
"make a play for" (app/S/Ch + "eal-to"/P/Ch) "appeal-to"
(1) <여성에게> 구애하다, …을 유혹하려고 들다. (2) …을 손에 넣으려고 있는 수단을 다 쓰다.
76. play ball. ball 1 (def. 23).
a. to begin or continue playing a game.
b. to start or continue any action.
c. to work together; cooperate: union leaders suspected of playing ball with racketeers.
"play ball" ("begin a"/S/Ch + game/P/Ch) "begin a game"
"play ball" (start/S/Ch + action/P/Ch) "start action"
"play ball" ("work-tog"/S/Ch + ether/P/Ch) "work-together"
77. play both ends against the middle, to maneuver opposing groups in order to benefit oneself.
"play both ends against the middle" (maneuv/S/Ch + er/P/Ch) maneuver
78. play by ear, to play (music or a musical instrument) without printed music, as by memory of what one has heard or by unschooled musical instinct.
"play it by ear" (impr/S/Ch + ovise/P/Ch) improvise
"play by ear" (impr/S + ovise/P) improvise
79. played out,
a. exhausted; weary.
b. out of fashion; hackneyed: New styles in clothing are soon played out in New York.
c. used up; finished: The original tires were played out and had to be replaced.
"played out" (exh/S/Ch + austed/P/Ch) exhausted
"played out" (hackn/S/Ch + eyed/P/Ch) hackneyed
"played out" (fin/S/Ch + ished/P/Ch) finished
80. play fast and loose, to act in an irresponsible or inconsiderate manner, esp. to employ deception to gain one's ends: to play fast and loose with someone's affections.
"play fast and loose" (dec/S/Ch + eive/P/Ch) deceive
81. play for time, to prolong something in order to gain an advantage; forestall an event or decision: Their maneuvering at the conference was obviously calculated to play for time.
"play for time" (temp/S/Ch + orize/P/Ch) temporize
82. play hardball. hardball (def. 4).
to act or work aggressively, competitively, or ruthlessly, as in business or politics
"play hardball" ("talk-b"/S/Ch + usiness/P/Ch) "talk-business"
83. play into the hands of, to act in such a way as to give an advantage to (someone, esp. an opponent): If you lose your temper when he insults you, you will be playing right into his hands. Also, play into (someone's) hands.
"play into the hands of" ("give advantage"/S/Ch + to/P/Ch) "give advantage to"
84. play it by ear, to improvise, esp. in a challenging situation when confronted by unknown factors: If you can't come up with a plan, we'll just have to play it by ear.
"play it by ear" (impr/S/Ch + ovise/P/Ch) improvise
"play by ear" (impr/S + ovise/P) improvise
85. play one's cards. card1 (def. 21).
play one's cards right, to act cleverly, sensibly, or cautiously: If you play your cards right, you may get mentioned in her will.
"play one's cards" (act/S/Ch + cautiously/P/Ch) "act cautiously"
"play one's cards right" (act/S + cautiously/P) "act cautiously"
86. play politics. politics (def. 8).
a.to engage in political intrigue, take advantage of a political situation or issue, resort to partisan politics, etc.; exploit a political system or political relationships.
b.to deal with people in an opportunistic, manipulative, or devious way, as for job advancement.
"play politics" (intr/S/Ch + igue/P/Ch) intrigue
"play politics" (expl/S/Ch + oit/P/Ch) exploit
87. play possum. possum (def. 3).
a.to feign sleep or death.
b. to dissemble or pretend ignorance: The baseball broke the window, but the children played possum when asked who had thrown it.
"play possum" (fæ/S/Ch + y=n/P/Ch) feign [fæ y=n]
"play possum" (dissemble/S/Ch + ignorance/P/Ch) "dissemble ignorance"
88. play second fiddle. second fiddle (def. 1).
"play second fiddle" (sec/S/Ch + ond/P/Ch) second
89. play the field. field (def. 39).
a.to vary one's activities.
b.to date a number of persons rather than only one: He wanted to play the field for a few years before settling down.
"play the field" (be/S/Ch + active/P/Ch) "be active"
"play the field" (keep/S/Ch + company/P/Ch) "keep company"
90. play the game. game 1 (def. 23).
to act in an evasive, deceitful, manipulative, or trifling manner in dealing with others: Don't play games with me—I want to know if you love me or not!
"play the game" (be/S/Ch + deceitful/P/Ch) "be deceitful"
91. play up to, Informal. to attempt to impress in order to gain someone's favor: Students who too obviously play up to their teachers are usually disliked by their classmates.
"play up to" (fl/S/Ch + atter/P/Ch) flatter
"play up to" (ass/S/Ch + ist/P/Ch) assist
"play up to" (bac/S/Ch + k/P/Ch) back
92. play with a full deck. deck (def. 23).
play with/have a full deck, Slang. to be sane, rational, or reasonably intelligent: Whoever dreamed up this scheme wasn't playing with a full deck.
"play with a full deck" (be/S/Ch + intelligent/P/Ch) "be intelligent"
"have a full deck" (be/S + intelligent/P) "be intelligent"
93. play with fire. fire (def. 54).
to trifle with a serious or dangerous matter: He didn't realize that insulting the border guards was playing with fire.
"play with fire" (tr/S/Ch + ifle/P/Ch) trifle
94. play with oneself, Informal. to masturbate.
"play with oneself" (mast/S/Ch + urbate/P/Ch) masturbate
169. write-up (write)
* "write up" >> write /GC/S/Ch/abT
–verb (used with object)
1.to trace or form (characters, letters, words, etc.) on the surface of some material, as with a pen, pencil, or other instrument or means; inscribe: Write your name on the board.
2.to express or communicate in writing; give a written account of.
3.to fill in the blank spaces of (a printed form) with writing: to write a check.
4.to execute or produce by setting down words, figures, etc.: to write two copies of a letter.
5.to compose and produce in words or characters duly set down: to write a letter to a friend.
write (inscr/S/Ch + ibe/P/Ch) inscribe
write (commun/S/Ch + icate/P/Ch) communicate
write ([fi w=l]/S/Ch + l=/P/Ch) fill [fi w=l l=]
write (ex/S/Ch + ecute/P/Ch) execute
write (comp/S/Ch + ose/P/Ch) compose
6. to produce as author or composer: to write a sonnet; to write a symphony.
7.to trace significant characters on, or mark or cover with writing.
8.to cause to be apparent or unmistakable: Honesty is written on his face.
9. Computers. to transfer (information, data, programs, etc.) from storage to secondary storage or an output medium.
10.Stock Exchange. to sell (options).
11. to underwrite.
write (pr/S/Ch + oduce/P/Ch) produce
write (tr/S/Ch + ace/P/Ch) trace
written (app/S/Ch + arent/P/Ch) apparent
write (tr/S/Ch + ansfer/P/Ch) transfer
write ([sæ w=l]/S/Ch + l=/P/Ch) sell [sæ w=l l=]
write (und/S/Ch + erwrite/P/Ch) underwrite
–verb (used without object)
12.to trace or form characters, words, etc., with a pen, pencil, or other instrument or means, or as a pen or the like does: He writes with a pen.
13.to write as a profession or occupation: She writes for the Daily Inquirer.
14. to express ideas in writing.
15. to write a letter or letters, or communicate by letter: Write if you get work.
16.to compose or work as a writer or author.
17. Computers. to write into a secondary storage device or output medium.
* When articulating "write up", "form characters", "work", "express ideas", "write a letter", "author" or "make transfer" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture, "write" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
18. write down,
a.to set down in writing; record; note.
b.to direct one's writing to a less intelligent reader or audience: He writes down to the public.
"write down" (no/S/Ch + te/P/Ch) note
"write down" (give/S/Ch + order/P/Ch) "give order"
19. write in,
a. to vote for (a candidate not listed on the ballot) by writing his or her name on the ballot.
b.to include in or add to a text by writing: Do not write in corrections on the galley.
c.to request something by mail: If interested, please write in for details.
"write in" (vote/S/Ch + for/P/Ch) "vote for"
"write in" (ad/S/Ch + d/P/Ch) add
"write in" ("send a"/S/Ch + mail/P/Ch) "send a mail"
20. write off,
a. to cancel an entry in an account, as an unpaid and uncollectable debt.
b.to regard as worthless, lost, obsolete, etc.; decide to forget: to write off their bad experience.
c. to amortize: The new equipment was written off in three years.
"write off" (canc/S/Ch + el/P/Ch) cancel
"write off" (forg/S/Ch + et/P/Ch) forget
"write off" (am/S/Ch + ortize/P/Ch) amortize
21. write out,
a.to put into writing.
b.to write in full form; state completely.
c. to exhaust the capacity or resources of by excessive writing: He's just another author who has written himself out.
"write out" (wri/S/Ch + te/P/Ch) write
"write out" (st/S/Ch + ate/P/Ch) state
"write out" (exh/S/Ch + aust/P/Ch) exhaust
22. write up,
a.to put into writing, esp. in full detail: Write up a report.
b. to present to public notice in a written description or account.
c. Accounting. to make an excessive valuation of (an asset).
"write up" (wri/S + te/P) write
"write up" (pr/S + esent/P) present
"write up" (ov/S + erstate/P) overstate
170. champion/noun??/adjective?? (uphold)
* champion >> uphold /GC/S/Ch/abT
1.a person who has defeated all opponents in a competition or series of competitions, so as to hold first place: the heavyweight boxing champion.
2. anything that takes first place in competition: the champion of a cattle show.
3.an animal that has won a certain number of points in officially recognized shows: This dog is a champion.
4. a person who fights for or defends any person or cause: a champion of the oppressed.
5.a fighter or warrior.
champion (first/C1/Ch + place/T/Ch) "first place"
champion (si/C1/Ch + w=ŋ/T/Ch) thing [si w=ŋ]
champion (poin/C1/Ch + t/T/Ch) point
champion (per/C1/Ch + son/T/Ch) person
champion (warr/C1/Ch + ior/T/Ch) warrior
8. first among all contestants or competitors.
9. Informal. first-rate.
champion (fir/C1/Ch + st/T/Ch) first
champion (first/C1/Ch + rate/T/Ch) "first-rate"
–verb (used with object),-held, -hold•ing.
1.to support or defend, as against opposition or criticism: He fought the duel to uphold his family's honor.
2.to keep up or keep from sinking; support: Stout columns upheld the building's heavy roof. Her faith upheld her in that time of sadness.
3.to lift upward; raise: The pilgrims upheld their eyes and thanked heaven for their safe journey.
a. to upholster.
b. to maintain in good condition; take care of.
uphold (def/S/Ch + end/P/Ch) defend
uphold (supp/S/Ch + ort/P/Ch) support
uphold (rai/S/Ch + se/P/Ch) raise
uphold (uph/S/Ch + olster/P/Ch) upholster
uphold (maint/S/Ch + ain/P/Ch) maintain
171. promote (develop)
* promote >> develop /GC/S/Ch/abT
v. de•vel•oped, de•vel•op•ing, de•vel•ops
1. To bring from latency to or toward fulfillment: an instructor who develops the capabilities of each student.
a. To expand or enlarge: developed a national corporation into a worldwide business.
b. To aid in the growth of; strengthen: exercises that develop muscles.
c. To improve the quality of; refine: develops his recipes to perfection; an extra year of study to develop virtuosic technique.
a. To cause to become more complex or intricate; add detail and fullness to; elaborate: began with a good premise but developed it without imagination.
b. Music To elaborate (a theme) with rhythmic and harmonic variations.
develop (br/P/Ch + ing/S/Ch) bring
develop (en/P/Ch + large/S/Ch) enlarge
develop (str/P/Ch + engthen/S/Ch) strengthen
develop (ref/P/Ch + ine/S/Ch) refine
develop (el/P/Ch + aborate/S/Ch) elaborate
develop (unf/P/Ch + old/S/Ch) unfold
a. To bring into being gradually: develop a new cottage industry.
b. To set forth or clarify by degrees: developed her thesis in a series of articles.
a. To come to have gradually; acquire: develop a taste for opera; develop a friendship.
b. To become affected with; contract; developed a rash; developed agoraphobia.
develop (bring/P/Ch + into/S/Ch) "bring into"
develop ("set-f"/P/Ch + orth/S/Ch) "set-forth"
develop (acq/P/Ch + uire/S/Ch) acquire
develop (contr/P/Ch + act/S/Ch) contract
6. To cause gradually to acquire a specific role, function, or form, as:
a. To influence the behavior of toward a specific end: an investigator who develops witnesses through flattery and intimidation.
b. To cause (a tract of land) to serve a particular purpose: developed the site as a community of condominiums.
c. To make available and effective to fulfill a particular end or need: develop the state's water resources to serve a growing population.
d. To convert or transform: developed the play into a movie.
7. Games To move (a chess piece) to or toward a more strategic position.
a. To process (a photosensitive material), especially with chemicals, in order to render a recorded image visible.
b. To render (an image) visible by this means.
develop (infl/P/Ch + uence/S/Ch) influence
develop (ser/P/Ch + ve/S/Ch) serve
develop ("make-av"/P/Ch + ailable/S/Ch) "make-available"
develop (tr/P/Ch + ansform/S/Ch) transform
develop (mo/P/Ch + ve/S/Ch) move
develop (pr/P/Ch + ocess/S/Ch) process
develop (rend/P/Ch + er/S/Ch) render
Re/Corrections: Article of "expand/wax, augm-/raise, supplem-/complement/complim-/praise, develop/broaden, embarrass/discounten-" <<Column 74. develop/intransitive?? (broaden)>>
* When articulating "promote [(=p hir)' hu mΛ t=] /GC/P/Ch/abR", "make growth", "make expansion", "make advance", "come into existence", "be disclosed", "make progress" or "make evolution" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /S/Ch/abT speaking posture, "develop" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
172. defend/intransitive?? ("plead for")
* defend >> "plead for" /GC/S/Ch/abT
1. To make a defense.
2. Sports To play defense.
* When articulating "make a defense" or "play defense" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/Ch/abR speaking posture, "defend" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
–verb (used without object)
1.to appeal or entreat earnestly: to plead for time.
2.to use arguments or persuasions, as with a person, for or against something: She pleaded with him not to take the job.
3.to afford an argument or appeal: His youth pleads for him.
a.to make any allegation or plea in an action at law.
b.to put forward an answer on the part of a defendant to a legal declaration or charge.
c.to address a court as an advocate.
d.Obsolete. to prosecute a suit or action at law.
* When articulating "urge /GC/P/Ch/abT", "make entreaty", "offer reasons", "afford an argument", "make allegation", "give an answer", "address a court" or " prosecute an action" with/from GRECOnglish/GC /P/abT speaking posture, "plead" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
–verb (used with object)
5.to allege or urge in defense, justification, or excuse: to plead ignorance.
a.to maintain (a cause) by argument before a court.
b.to allege or set forth (something) formally in an action at law.
c.to allege or cite in legal defense: to plead a statute of limitations.
plead (ur/S + ge/P) urge
plead (maint/S + ain/P) maintain
plead (all/S + ege/P) allege
plead (ci/S + te/P) cite
| whole/patient, mild/equab-, kind/generali-/interpola-, sophisticate/pervert, counsel/instruct, refine/temper|
| help, advocate/recommend, puzzle/poser, problem, inconsistency, 'closed book', conundrum, fabrication|