SUBJECT: >> 'Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci',   'Thoughts on Art and Life by Leonardo da Vinci',    Apollonius' Conics
NAME: Young-Won Kim
DATE: 2011.07.20 - 23:21
>>     Phonetic correspondence   between Vinci's "Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci"    and Homer's Iliad

Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci , ,  

*               Iliad  >>  "Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci" /T/Ch

Iliad ,  

Achilles sing, O Goddess! Peleus' son;
His wrath pernicious, who ten thousand woes
Caused to Achaia's host, sent many a soul
Illustrious into Ades premature,
And Heroes gave (so stood the will of Jove)5
To dogs and to all ravening fowls a prey,
When fierce dispute had separated once
The noble Chief Achilles from the son
Of Atreus, Agamemnon, King of men.

Who them to strife impell'd? What power divine?10
Latona's son and Jove's.[1] For he, incensed
004 Against the King, a foul contagion raised
In all the host, and multitudes destroy'd,
For that the son of Atreus had his priest
Dishonored, Chryses. To the fleet he came15
Bearing rich ransom glorious to redeem
His daughter, and his hands charged with the wreath
And golden sceptre[2] of the God shaft-arm'd. ~ ~

--(BOOK one) <The> author's intention to publish his MSS.

*    That is,   if articulating (or trying to speak) "BOOK one"  from English/Phoenician /T/Ch speaking posture,      "author's intention to publish his MSS"   (not  "The author's intention to publish his MSS",  usually without definite/indefinite articles of "the' or "a")   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.
Et cetera.

--(Achilles) 1/One.

--(sing) How by <a> certain machine many may stay some time under water. --(O) And how and wherefore I do not describe my method of remaining under water and how long I can remain without eating. --(Goddess) And I do not publish nor divulge these, --(Peleus') by reason of <the> evil nature of men, --(son) who would use them for assassinations at <the> bottom of <the> sea by destroying ships, --(His wrath) and sinking them, --(pernicious) together with <the> men in them. --(who ten) Nevertheless I will impart others, --(thousand woes) which are not dangerous because <the> mouth of <the> tube through which you breathe is above <the> water, --(Caused) supported on air sacks or cork.

--(to) <The> preparation of <the> MSS. --(Achaia's) for publication.

--(host) 2/Two.

--(sent) When you put together <the> science of <the> motions of water, --(many) remember to include under each proposition its application and use, --(soul) in order that this science may not be useless.—

--(Illustrious) Admonition to readers.

--(into) 3/Three.

--(Ades) Let no man who is not <a> Mathematician read <the> elements of my work.

--(premature) <The> disorder in <the> MSS.

--(And Heroes) 4/Four.

--(gave) Begun at Florence, --(so) in <the> house of Piero di Braccio Martelli, --(stood) on <the> 22nd day of March 1508. --(will of) And this is to be <a> collection without order, --(Jove) taken from many papers which I have copied here, --(To dogs) hoping to arrange them later each in its place, --(and to) according to <the> subjects of which they may treat. --(all ravening) But I believe that before I am at <the> end of this [task] I shall have to repeat <the> same things several times; --(fowl) for which, --(prey) O reader! --(When) do not blame me, --(fierce) for <the> subjects are many and memory cannot retain them [all] and say: --(dispute) 'I will not write this because I wrote it before.' --(had separated) And if I wished to avoid falling into this fault, --(once) it would be necessary in every case when I wanted to copy [a passage] that, --(noble) not to repeat myself, --(Chief) I should read over all that had gone before; --(Achilles) and all <the> more since <the> intervals are long between one time of writing and the next.

--(from son) Suggestions for <the> arrangement of MSS treating of particular subjects.(5-8).

--(Of Atreus) 5/five.

--(Agamemnon) Of digging <a> canal. --(King) Put this in <the> Book of useful inventions and in proving them bring forward <the> propositions already proved. --(of men) And this is <the> proper order; --(Who them) since if you wished to show <the> usefulness of any plan you would be obliged again to devise new machines to prove its utility and thus would confuse <the> order of <the> forty Books and also <the> order of <the> diagrams; --(to strife) that is to say you would have to mix up practice with theory, --(impell'd) which would produce <a> confused and incoherent work.

--(What power) 6/six.

--(divine) I am not to blame for putting forward, --(Latona's) in <the> course of my work on science, --(son and Jove's) any general rule derived from <a> previous conclusion.

--(For he) 7/seven.

--(incensed) <The> Book of <the> science of Mechanics must precede <the> Book of useful inventions.— --(Against King) Have your books on anatomy bound!

--(foul contagion raised) 8/eight.

--(In all host) <The> order of your book must proceed on this plan: --(and multitudes) first simple beams, --(destroy'd) then (those) supported from below, --(For that son of Atreus) then suspended in part, --(had his priest) then wholly [suspended]. --(Dishonored, Chryses) Then beams as supporting other weights

--(To fleet) General introductions to <the> book on Painting (9-13).

--(he came) 9/nine.

--(rich) Seeing that I can find no subject specially useful or pleasing— --(ransom) since <the> men who have come before me have taken for their own every useful or necessary theme— --(glorious) I must do like one who, --(to redeem) being poor, --(His daughter) comes last to <the> fair, --( and his) and can find no other way of providing himself than by taking all <the> things already seen by other buyers, --(hands) and not taken but refused by reason of their lesser value. --(charged) I, --(with wreath) then, --(And golden) will load my humble pack with this despised and rejected merchandise, --(sceptre) <the> refuse of so many buyers; --(of God) and will go about to distribute it, --(shaft) not indeed in great cities, --(arm'd) but in <the> poorer towns,

Et cetera.

--() taking such a price as the wares I offer may be worth.

>>     Phonetic correspondence   between Vinci's "Thoughts on Art and Life by Leonardo da Vinci"    and Homer's Odyssey

Thoughts on Art and Life by Leonardo da Vinci , , ,    

*            Odyssey  >>  ("Thoughts on Art and Life by Leonardo da Vinci" /T/Ch , , ,  

By Denton J. Snider,    Denton Jaques Snider
The Goddess Pallas has already come down to Ithaca and stands among the
suitors. She has taken the form of Mentes, the King of a neighboring
tribe; she is in disguise as she usually is when she appears on earth.
Who will recognize her? Not the suitors; they can see no God in their
condition, least of all, the Goddess of Wisdom. "Telemachus was much
the first to observe her;" why just he? The fact is he was ready to see
her, and not only to see her, but to hear what she had to say. "For he
sat among the suitors grieved in heart, seeing his father in his mind's
eye," like Hamlet just before the latter saw the ghost. So careful is
the poet to prepare both sides--the divine epiphany, and the mortal who
is to behold it. ~ ~

* *
--() Of the Works of Leonardo  
--(Goddess) Begun at Florence in <the> house of Piero di Braccio Martelli, --(Pallas) on <the> 22d day of March, 1508; --(has already) and this is to be <a> collection without order, --(come down) taken from many papers which I have copied here, --(to Ithaca) hoping to arrange them later, --(and stands) each in its place, --(among suitors) according to <the> various subjects treated. --(She has) And I think that before I shall have finished this work, --(taken) it will be necessary for me to repeat <the> same thing many times over; --(form) so, --(of Mentes) O reader, --(King of) blame me not, --(neighboring) because <the> subjects are many, --(tribe) and memory cannot retain them and say: --(she is) This I will not write because I have already written it; --(in disguise) and if I did not wish to fall into this error it would be necessary, --(as she) every time that I wished to copy something, --(usually) in order not to repeat myself, --(is when) to read over all <the> preceding matter, --(she appears) all <the> more so since <the> intervals are long between one time of writing and another.

--() His Thirst after Knowledge


--(on earth) Not louder does <the> tempestuous sea bellow when <the> north wind strikes its foaming waves between Scylla and Charybdis; --(Who will) nor Stromboli nor Mount Etna when <the> sulphurous flames, {4} --(recognize her) shattering and bursting open <the> great mountain with violence, --(Not suitors) hurl stones and earth through <the> air with <the> flame it vomits; --(they can) nor when the fiery caverns of Mount Etna, --(see no) spitting forth <the> element which it cannot restrain, --(God in) hurl it back to <the> place whence it issued, --(their
condition) driving furiously before it any obstacle in <the> way of its vehement fury ... --(least) so I, --(of all) urged by my great desire and longing to see <the> blending of strange and various shapes made by creating nature, --(Goddess) wandered for some time among <the> dark rocks, --(of Wisdom) and came to <the> entrance of <a> great cave, --(Telemachus) in front of which I long stood in astonishment and ignorance of such <a> thing. --(was much) I bent my back into <an> arch and rested my left hand on my knee, --(first to observe her) and with my right hand shaded my downcast eyes and contracted eyebrows. --(why just he) I bent down first on one side and then on <the> other to see whether I could perceive anything, --(fact is) but <the> thick darkness rendered this impossible; --(he was ready) and after having remained there some time, --(to see her) two things arose within me, --(and not) fear and desire,— --(only to see her) fear of <the> dark and threatening cave, --(but to hear) desire to see whether there were anything marvellous within.


--(what she) I discover for man <the> origin of <the> first and perhaps of <the> second cause of his being.

--() Leonardo's Studies


--(had to say) Recognizing as I do that I cannot make use of {5} subject matter which is useful and delightful, --(For he sat) since my predecessors have exhausted <the> useful and necessary themes, --(among suitors) I shall do as <the> man who by reason of his poverty arrives last at <the> fair, --(grieved in heart) and cannot do otherwise than purchase what has already been seen by others and not accepted, --(seeing his father) but rejected by them as being of little value. --(in his mind's eye) I shall place this despised and rejected merchandise, --(like Hamlet) which remains over after many have bought, --(just before) on my poor pack, --(latter saw) and I shall go and distribute it, --(ghost) not in <the> big cities, --(So careful) but in <the> poor towns, --(is poet) and take such reward as my goods deserve.

Vain Knowledge


--(to prepare) All knowledge which ends in words will die as quickly as it came to life, --(both sides) with the exception of the written word: --(divine epiphany) which is its mechanical part.


--(and mortal) Avoid studies <the> result of which will die together with him who studied.

Value of Knowledge


--(who is to) <The> intellect will always profit by <the> acquisition of any knowledge whatsoever, --(behold it) for thus what is useless will be expelled from it,

Et cetera.

--() and what is fruitful will remain. --() It is impossible either to hate or to love a thing without first acquiring knowledge of it.

>>     Phonetic correspondence   between  Apollonius'  Conics    and  Plutarch's "Parallel Lives"

** I wonder the phonetic correspondence between Plutarch's "Parallel Lives" and T. L. HEATH's PREFACE as below. , ,  
•  In English translation: Treatise on the Conic Sections, trans. T.L. Heath

Conics               ([ŋ=  w=]/GC/S/abT + "Apollonius' writing"/P)/+cp              "Apollonius' writing"

Conics                        (P/GC/S/abT + "-arallel Lives"/P)/+cp                       "Parallel Lives"

preface                              (Th/GC/S/abT + eseus/P)/+cp                           Theseus

"It is not to much to say"                ([ŋ=  w=]/GC/S/abT + "As geographers"/P)/+cp                "As geographers"

3.            to the great majority of mathematicians at the present time

"to great majority of mathematicians at present time"                (S/GC/S/abT + osius/P)/+cp                 Sosius

4.      crowd into the edges of their maps parts of the world which they do not know about --- Apollonius is nothing more than a name and his Conics

"Apollonius is nothing more than name and his Conics"                (cr/GC/S/abT + "-owd into edges of their maps parts of world which they do not know about"/P)/+cp                "crowd into edges of their maps parts of world which they do not know about"

Et cetera.      As below. , , ,    

-- (preface) - Theseus
-- (It is not to much to say) - As geographers, -- (to <the> great majority of mathematicians at <the> present time) - Sosius, -- (Apollonius is nothing more than <a> name and his Conics) - crowd into <the> edges of their maps parts of <the> world which they do not know about, -- (for all practical purposes) - adding notes in <the> margin to <the> effect, -- (<a> book unknown) - that beyond this lies nothing but sandy deserts full of wild beasts, -- (Yet this book) - unapproachable bogs, -- (written some twenty-one centuries ago) - Scythian ice, -- (contains) - or <a> frozen sea, -- (in <the> words of Chasles) - so, -- (<the> most interesting properties of <the> conics) - in this work of mine, -- (to say nothing of such brilliant investigations as those in which) - in which I have compared <the> lives of <the> greatest men with one another, -- (by purely geometrical means) - after passing through those periods which probable reasoning can reach to and real history find <a> footing in, -- (<the> author arrives at what amounts to <the> complete determination of <the> evolute of any conic) - I might very well say of those that are farther off, -- (<The> general neglect of <the> "great geometer") - Beyond this there is nothing but prodigies and fictions, -- (as he was called by his contemporaries on account of this very work) - <the> only inhabitants are <the> poets and inventors of fables; -- (is all <the> more remarkable from <the> contrast which it affords to <the> fate of his predecessor Euclid) - there is no credit, -- (for) - or certainty any farther. -- (whereas in this country at least <the> Elements of Euclid are still) - Yet, -- (both as regards their contents and their order) - after publishing <an> account of Lycurgus <the> lawgiver and Numa <the> king, -- (<the> accepted basis of elementary geometry) - I thought I might, -- (<the> influence of Apollonius upon modern text-books on conic sections is) - not without reason, -- (so far as form and method are concerned) - ascend as high as to Romulus, -- (practically nil) - being brought by my history so near to his time.

-- (Nor is it hard to find probable reasons for <the> prevailing absence of knowledge on <the> subject) - Considering therefore with myself

-- (In <the> first place) - Whom shall I set so great <a> man to face?

Et cetera.