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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | main | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, brd2 :::


90 11 View counter   Join Member Login Admin
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   'The Star-Spangled Banner'   &   'God Save the Queen'   &    'Land of Hope and Glory';        national anthems
1.               History or fiction??   of  "The Star-Spangled Banner"

*    The actors, events, dates, places, etc.,  which are below mentioned on "The Star-Spangled Banner",  are phonetically connected continuously each other like the following:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Star-Spangled_Banner ,  
>>   "The Star-Spangled Banner" is the national anthem of the United States of America.   The lyrics come from "Defence of Fort McHenry",[1] a poem written in 1814 by the 35-year-old lawyer and amateur poet, Francis Scott Key, after witnessing the bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British Royal Navy ships in Chesapeake Bay during the Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.

The poem was set to the tune of a popular British drinking song, written by John Stafford Smith for the Anacreontic Society, a men's social club in London.      "The Anacreontic Song"    (or "To Anacreon in Heaven"), with various lyrics, was already popular in the United States.      Set to Key's poem and renamed "The Star-Spangled Banner", it would soon become a well-known American patriotic song.       With a range of one and a half octaves, it is known for being difficult to sing.      Although the song has four stanzas, only the first is commonly sung today, with the fourth ("O! thus be it ever when free men shall stand...") added on more formal occasions.     The fourth stanza includes the line "And this be our motto: In God is our Trust.".[2]     The United States adopted "In God We Trust" as its national motto in 1956.

"The Star-Spangled Banner" was recognized for official use by the Navy in 1889   and the President in 1916,    and was made the national anthem by a congressional resolution on March 3, 1931 (46 Stat. 1508, codified at 36 U.S.C. § 301),   which was signed by President Herbert Hoover.


"Star-Spangled Banner"                    (n/P/Ch + "-ational anthem"/C1/Ch)/abT                 "national anthem"

*                        "Star-Spangled Banner" >> "The Star-Spangled Banner" /GC/S/Ch/abT


Francis                              (St/P/Ch + ar/C2/Ch)/abT                              Star
Scott                           (Sp/P/Ch + angled/C2/Ch)/abT                          Spangled
Key                               (B/P/Ch + anner/C2/Ch)/abT                            Banner

John                              (Fr/P/Ch + ancis/C1/Ch)/abT                            Francis
Stafford                               (Sc/C1/Ch + ott/T/Ch)                                Scott
Smith                                (K/P/Ch + ey/C1/Ch)/abT                               Key

to                                    (J/P/Ch + ohn/C2/Ch)/abT                             John
Anacreon                          (St/P/Ch + afford/C2/Ch)/abT                          Stafford
"in Heaven"                          (Sm/P/Ch + ith/C2/Ch)/abT                            Smith

*                        "To Anacreon in Heaven" >> "The Anacreontic Song" /GC/S/Ch/abT

"the Anacreontic Society"                    ([ŋ=  y=]/P/Ch + Anacreon/C1/Ch)/abT                   Anacreon

"a men's social club"                     (S/P/Ch + ociety/C2/Ch)/abT                     Society

London                                     (c/C2/Ch + lub/T/Ch)                             club

"In God We Trust"                 (In/C2/Ch + "God is our Trust"/T/Ch)              "In God is our Trust"


fiction      or     Early history?? of the lyrics
 
>>   On September 3, 1814,     Francis Scott Key and John Stuart Skinner set sail from Baltimore aboard the ship HMS Minden, flying a flag of truce on a mission approved by President James Madison.       Their objective was to secure the exchange of prisoners, one of whom was Dr. William Beanes, the elderly and popular town physician of Upper Marlboro and a friend of Key’s who had been captured in his home.      Beanes was accused of aiding the arrest of British soldiers.       Key and Skinner boarded the British flagship HMS Tonnant on September 7 and spoke with Major General Robert Ross and Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane over dinner while the two officers discussed war plans.       At first, Ross and Cochrane refused to release Beanes, but relented after Key and Skinner showed them letters written by wounded British prisoners praising Beanes and other Americans for their kind treatment.

September                              (Fr/P + ancis/C2)/abT                              Francis
3rd                                        (Sc/P + ott/C2)/abT                               Scott
1814                                       (K/P + ey/C2)/abT                                 Key

John                             (S/P/Ch + eptember/C2/Ch)/abT                      September
Stuart                                 (th/P/Ch + ird/C2/Ch)/abT                            third
Skinner                 ([ŋ=  y=]/P/Ch + eighteen-fourteen/C2/Ch)/abT                eighteen-fourteen

*                      "John Stuart Skinner" >> Baltimore /GC/S/Ch/abT

"HMS Minden"                     (B/P/Ch + altimore/C1/Ch)/abT                      "Baltimore"

President                                  (J/P + ohn/C2)/abT                                John
James                                    (St/P + uart/C2)/abT                              Stuart
Madison                                 (Sk/P + inner/C2)/abT                            Skinner

"Dr. William Beanes"                 (Pr/P/Ch + "-esident James Madison"/C1/Ch)/abT                "President James Madison"

*                      "Dr. William Beanes" >> "Upper Marlboro" /T/Ch

"HMS Tonnant"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/P + "Upper Marlboro"/C2)/abT                "Upper Marlboro"

September                          ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Upper/C1)/abT                          Upper
7th                                     (M/P + arlboro/C1)/abT                            Marlboro

"Major General Robert Ross"                 (S/P/Ch + "-eptember 7th"/C1/Ch)/abT                "September 7th"

*                        "September 7th" >> "Vice Admiral Alexander Cochrane" /GC/S/Ch/abT


>>   Because Key and Skinner had heard details of the plans for the attack on Baltimore, they were held captive until after the battle, first aboard HMS Surprise and later back on HMS Minden.       After the bombardment, certain British gunboats attempted to slip past the fort and effect a landing in a cove to the west of it,    but they were turned away by fire from nearby Fort Covington, the city's last line of defense.

"HMS Surprise"                  (S/P + "-eptember 7th"/C2)/abT                 "September 7th"

"Fort Covington"                 (His/C1/Ch + "MS Surprise"/T/Ch)                 "HMS Surprise"


>>   During the rainy night, Key had witnessed the bombardment and observed that the fort’s smaller "storm flag" continued to fly, but once the shell and Congreve rocket[5] barrage had stopped, he would not know how the battle had turned out until dawn.       By then, the storm flag had been lowered and the larger flag had been raised.

"storm flag"                       (C/P/Ch + ovington/C1/Ch)/abT                      Covington

"Congreve rocket barrage"                   (F/P/Ch + "-ort Covington"/C1/Ch)/abT                 "Fort Covington"

*                        "storm flag" >> "larger flag" /T/Ch


>>   Key was inspired by the American victory and the sight of the large American flag flying triumphantly above the fort.       This flag, with fifteen stars and fifteen stripes, came to be known as the Star Spangled Banner Flag and is today on display in the National Museum of American History, a treasure of the Smithsonian Institution.      It was restored in 1914 by Amelia Fowler, and again in 1998 as part of an ongoing conservation program.

"American victory"                   (C/P/Ch + "-ongreve rocket barrage"/C2/Ch)/abT                 "Congreve rocket barrage"

"fifteen stars"                    (C/P/Ch + ongreve/C1/Ch)/abT                    Congreve
"fifteen stripes"                 (r/P/Ch + "-ocket barrage"/C1/Ch)/abT                "rocket barrage"

"Star Spangled Banner Flag"                   ([ŋ=  w=]/P/Ch + "American victory"/C1/Ch)/abT                 "American victory"


>>   Aboard the ship the next day, Key wrote a poem on the back of a letter he had kept in his pocket.     At twilight on September 16,  he and Skinner were released in Baltimore.        He completed the poem at the Indian Queen Hotel,   where he was staying, and entitled it "Defence of Fort McHenry."

September                            (st/P/Ch + ars/C1/Ch)/abT                            stars
16th                                  (str/P/Ch + ipes/C1/Ch)/abT                          stripes

"Indian Queen Hotel"                   (S/P/Ch + "-eptember 16th"/C1/Ch)/abT                 "September 16th"

"Defence of Fort McHenry"                 (In/C2/Ch + "-dian Queen Hotel"/T/Ch)                 "Indian Queen Hotel"


>>   Much of the idea of the poem and even some of the wording is arguably derived from an earlier song by Key, also set to the tune of The Anacreontic Song.         The song, known as "When the Warrior Returns,"[6] is said to have been written in honor of Stephen Decatur and Charles Stewart on their return from the First Barbary War.

"When the Warrior Returns"                     (To /P/Ch + "Anacreon in Heaven"/C2/Ch)/abT                     "To Anacreon in Heaven"

"Stephen Decatur"                     (Wh/P/Ch + "-en the Warrior Returns"/C1/Ch)/abT                     "When the Warrior Returns"
"Charles Stewart"                 (S/C1/Ch + "-tephen Decatur"/T/Ch)                 "Stephen Decatur"

"First Barbary War"                 (Ch/P/Ch + "-arles Stewart"/C1/Ch)/abT                  "Charles Stewart"


>>   According to the historian Robin Blackburn,   the words "the hireling and slave" allude to the fact that the British attackers had many ex-slaves in their ranks, who had been promised liberty and demanded to be placed in the battle line "where they might expect to meet their former masters."[7]

*                        "First Barbary War" >> "Robin Blackburn" /GC/S/Ch/abT
*                        "Robin Blackburn" >> historian /T/Ch


>>   Key gave the poem to his brother-in-law, Judge Joseph H. Nicholson.        Nicholson saw that the words fit the popular melody "The Anacreontic Song",   of English composer John Stafford Smith,   which was the official song of the Anacreontic Society, an 18th-century gentlemen's club of amateur musicians in London.         Nicholson took the poem to a printer in Baltimore, who anonymously printed broadside copies of it—the song’s first known printing—on September 17;     of these, two known copies survive.

"Joseph H. Nicholson"                   (hist/P/Ch + orian/C1/Ch)/abT                    historian
"brother-in-law"                     (J/P/Ch + "-oseph H. Nicholson"/C1/Ch)/abT                     "Joseph H. Nicholson"

*                        "brother-in-law" >> Judge /P/Ch

"English composer"                   (J/P/Ch + "-ohn Stafford Smith"/C1/Ch)/abT                  "John Stafford Smith"

*                        "Anacreontic Society" >> "18th-century gentlemen's club" /P/Ch

"amateur musicians"                 (g/P/Ch + "-entlemen's club"/C1/Ch)/abT                "gentlemen's club"

"official song"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/P/Ch + "amateur musicians"/C1/Ch)/abT                "amateur musicians"

"a printer in Baltimore"                   (Ni/C1/Ch + cholson/T/Ch)                   Nicholson

*                        "printer in Baltimore" >> "September 17th" /P/Ch

"two copies"                 (S/P/Ch + "-eptember 17th"/C1/Ch)/abT                "September 17th"

*                        "two copies" >> known /P/Ch
*                        "two copies" >> survive /GC/S/Ch/abT


>>   On September 20, both the Baltimore Patriot and The American printed the song, with the note "Tune: Anacreon in Heaven."       The song quickly became popular, with seventeen newspapers from Georgia to New Hampshire printing it.       Soon after, Thomas Carr of the Carr Music Store in Baltimore published the words and music together under the title "The Star-Spangled Banner,"    although it was originally called "Defence of Fort McHenry."     The song’s popularity increased, and its first public performance took place in October,   when Baltimore actor Ferdinand Durang sang it at Captain McCauley’s tavern.      Washington Irving, then editor of The Analectic Magazine in Philadelphia, reprinted the song in November 1814.

"on September 20th"                 ("two k"/P/Ch + "-nown copies"/C1/Ch)/abT                "two known copies"

"Baltimore Patriot"                 (S/P/Ch + "-eptember 20th"/C1/Ch)/abT                "September 20th"

"The American"                 (B/P/Ch + "-altimore Patriot"/C2/Ch)/abT                "Baltimore Patriot"

"seventeen newspapers"                   (Tu/C2/Ch + "-ne: Anacreon in Heaven"/T/Ch)                   "Tune: Anacreon in Heaven"

*                        "seventeen newspapers" >> Georgia /GC/S/Ch/abT

"New Hampshire"                      (Ge/P/Ch + orgia/C1/Ch)/abT                      Georgia

"Thomas Carr"                   (New/C2/Ch + Hampshire/T/Ch)                   "New Hampshire"

"Carr Music Store"                       (C/P/Ch + arr/C1/Ch)/abT                          Carr

"The Star-Spangled Banner"                 (C/P/Ch + "-arr Music Store"/C1/Ch)/abT                "Carr Music Store"

"first performance"                 (Th/P/Ch + "-omas Carr"/C1/Ch)/abT                "Thomas Carr"

*                        "first performance" >> public /GC/S/Ch/abT

October                 (f/P/Ch + "-irst performance"/C2/Ch)/abT                "first performance"

"Baltimore actor"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/P/Ch + October/C2/Ch)/abT                October

"Ferdinand Durang"                 (B/P/Ch + "-altimore actor"/C2/Ch)/abT                "Baltimore actor"

"Captain McCauley’s tavern"                 (F/P/Ch + "-erdinand Durang"/C1/Ch)/abT                "Ferdinand Durang"

"Washington Irving"                   (M/P/Ch + cCauley/C1/Ch)/abT                   McCauley

*                        "Washington Irving" >> editor /P/Ch

"The Analectic Magazine"                 (C/P/Ch + "-aptain McCauley’s tavern"/C2/Ch)/abT                "Captain McCauley’s tavern"

Philadelphia                 ([ŋ=  y=]/P/Ch + "Analectic Magazine"/C1/Ch)/abT                "Analectic Magazine"

reprinted                       (Ph/P/Ch + iladelphia C1/Ch)/abT                     "Philadelphia

November                        (repr/P/Ch + inted/C2/Ch)/abT                         reprinted

1814                             (N/P/Ch + ovember/C2/Ch)/abT                       November

 
>>   The song gained popularity throughout the nineteenth century and bands played it during public events, such as July 4 celebrations.         On July 27, 1889, Secretary of the Navy Benjamin F. Tracy signed General Order #374, making "The Star-Spangled Banner" the official tune to be played at the raising of the flag.

"nineteenth century"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/P/Ch + 1814/C1/Ch)/abT                 1814

"July 4 celebration"                  (n/P/Ch + ineteenth/C1/Ch)/abT                  nineteenth

"July 27th"                             (f/P/Ch + ourth/C1/Ch)/abT                           4th

*                        "July 27th" >> 1889 /GC/S/Ch/abT

"Secretary of the Navy"                 ([ŋ=  y=]/P/Ch + 1889/C1/Ch)/abT                 1889

"Benjamin F. Tracy"                   (Ju/C2/Ch + "-ly 27th"/T/Ch)                   "July 27th"

"General Order #374"                 (B/P/Ch + "-enjamin F. Tracy"/C1/Ch)/abT                "Benjamin F. Tracy"

*                        "General Order" >> making /C2/Ch
*                        "374" >> "the official tune" /P/Ch

"raising of the flag"                  (n/P/Ch + "-umber 374"/C1/Ch)/abT                  "#374"


>>   In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson ordered that "The Star-Spangled Banner" be played at military and other appropriate occasions.       Although the playing of the song two years later during the seventh-inning stretch of the 1918 World Series is often noted as the first instance that the anthem was played at a baseball game,   evidence shows that the "Star-Spangled Banner" was performed as early as 1897 at opening day ceremonies in Philadelphia and then more regularly at the Polo Grounds in New York City beginning in 1898.     However, the tradition of performing the national anthem before every baseball game began in World War II.[8]      Today, the anthem is performed before the beginning of all MLS, NBA, NFL, MLB and NHL games (with at least one American team playing), as well as in a pre-race ceremony portion of every NASCAR race.      In Baltimore, where the anthem was written, fans at the Baltimore Orioles, Baltimore Ravens, and Maryland Terrapins game often yell "O!" when the anthem reaches the line, "Oh, say does that Star Spangled...".      This began because one of the common nicknames for the Orioles is the "O's".

*                        "raising of the flag" >> 1916 /GC/S/Ch/abT

"President Woodrow Wilson"                 (n/P/Ch + "-ineteen-sixteen"/C1/Ch)/abT                 1916

ordered                 (r/P/Ch + "-aising of the flag"/C1/Ch)/abT                "raising of the flag"

"The Star-Spangled Banner"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/P/Ch + ordered/C1/Ch)/abT                ordered

"military and other appropriate occasions"                 (Pr/P/Ch + "-esident Woodrow Wilson"/C2/Ch)/abT                "President Woodrow Wilson"

playing                  (mi/C2/Ch + "-litary and other appropriate occasions"/T/Ch)                  "military and other appropriate occasions"

"the song"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/P/Ch + "other appropriate occasions"/C1/Ch)/abT                "other appropriate occasions"

*                        ordered >> "two years later" /P

"seventh-inning"                   (two/C2/Ch + "years later"/T/Ch)                 "two years later"

*                        "seventh-inning" >> stretch /T/Ch

1918                             (str/P/Ch + etch/C1/Ch)/abT                           stretch

*                        1918 >> "World Series" /T/Ch

"first instance"                 (W/P/Ch + "-orld Series"/C2/Ch)/abT                "World Series"

1897                      (f/P/Ch + "-irst instance"/C2/Ch)/abT                    "first instance"

*                        1897 >> opening /P/Ch

day                       ([ŋ=  w=]/P/Ch + opening/C1/Ch)/abT                      opening

ceremonies                      ([ŋ=  y=]/P/Ch + 1897/C2/Ch)/abT                      1897

Philadelphia                     (c/P/Ch + eremonies/C1/Ch)/abT                    ceremonies

"Polo Grounds"                   (Ph/P/Ch + iladelphia/C1/Ch)/abT                   Philadelphia

"New York"                   (P/P/Ch + "-olo Grounds"/C2/Ch)/abT                 "Polo Grounds"

City                              (New/P/Ch + York/C1/Ch)/abT                        "New York"

1898                                   (Ci/C2/Ch + ty/T/Ch)                                 City

"World War II"                     ([ŋ=  y=]/P/Ch + 1898"/C1/Ch)/abT                     1898

*                        Orioles >> O's /GC/S/Ch/abT


>>   On November 3, 1929, Robert Ripley drew a panel in his syndicated cartoon, Ripley's Believe it or Not!, saying "Believe It or Not, America has no national anthem".[9]        In 1931, John Philip Sousa published his opinion in favor, stating that "it is the spirit of the music that inspires" as much as it is Key’s "soul-stirring" words.         By a law signed on March 3, 1931 by President Herbert Hoover, "The Star-Spangled Banner" was adopted as the official national anthem of the United States.


2.              phonetic correspondence between "God save the Queen"   &   "The Star-Spangled Banner"

*    I find   complete phonetic correspondence between  "God save the Queen"  and  "The Star-Spangled Banner"  (in all points),   which ultimately means a possibility that "The Star-Spangled Banner" is not original but   phonetic  (or technical?)  plagiary.

O                                  (G/P/Ch + od/C2/Ch)/abT                                 God
"say can"                          (s/P/Ch + ave/C1/Ch)/abT                                save
you                           ([ŋ=  w=]/P/Ch + our/C1/Ch)/abT                             our
"see by the dawn's"                (gr/P/Ch + acious/C2/Ch)/abT                        gracious

"Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight"              (G/P/Ch + "-od save the Queen"/C2/Ch)/abT            "God save the Queen"
"In God is our trust"              (G/P/Ch + "-od save the Queen"/C2/Ch)/abT/FS            "God save the Queen"

"On the shore"                         (S/C2/Ch + catter/T/Ch)                            Scatter
"half conceals"                        (k/C1/Ch + navish/T/Ch)                            knavish

Et cetera.

That is,      when speaking "God save the Queen",      (while making articulation ball of /abT)     if articulating "G" from English /P/Ch speaking posture    and   "od save the Queen" from English /C2/Ch speaking posture,      then,   "Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And,       when speaking "God save the Queen",      (while making articulation ball of /abT   and tensing /FS for exclamation/interjection)     if articulating "G" from English /P/Ch speaking posture    and   "od save the Queen" from English /C2/Ch speaking posture,      then,   "In God is our trust" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Et cetera.


1. God (O) save (say can) our (you) gracious (see by the dawn's) Queen (early light),
Long (What so proudly) live (we hailed at) our noble Queen (the twilight's last gleaming),
God save the Queen (Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight)!
Send her victorious (O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?),
Happy and glorious (And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air),
Long to reign over us (Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there);
God (O) save the Queen (say does that star-spangled banner yet wave)!
2. O (O'er the land of the free) Lord our God arise (and the home of the brave?),


Scatter (On the shore) her enemies (dimly seen through the mists of the deep)
And make them fall (Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes);
Confound their politics (What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep),
Frustrate their (As it fitfully blows) knavish (half conceals) tricks (half discloses?),
On Thee (Now it catches) our hopes (the gleam of the morning's) we fix (first beam),
God save us all (In full glory reflected now shines in the stream)!
3. Thy choicest ('Tis the star-spangled banner) gifts in store (O! long may it wave)
On her be (O'er the land) pleased (of the free) to pour (and the home of the brave);


Long (And where) may she reign (is that band who so vauntingly swore);
May she defend (That the havoc of war) our laws (and the battle's confusion),
And (A home) ever (and a country) give us (should leave us) cause (no more!)
To sing (Their blood) with heart (has washed out) and voice (their foul footsteps' pollution),
God save the Queen (No refuge could save the hireling and slave)!
4. Not (From the terror) in this (of flight) land (or the gloom) alone (of the grave),
But (And the star-spangled banner) be God's (in triumph) mercies (doth) known (wave),
From (O'er the land) shore (of the free) to shore (and the home of the brave)!


Lord (O! thus) make the (be it ever) nations (when freemen) see (shall stand),
That (Between) men (their loved) should (home) brothers be (and the war's desolation!),
And (Blest) form (with victory) one (and peace) family (may the heav'n rescued land),
The (Praise) wide (the Power) world (that hath made) over (and preserved us a nation).
5. From every latent foe (Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just),
From the assassins blow (And this be our motto),
God save the Queen (In God is our trust !!!)!
O'er her thine arm extend (And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave),
For (O'er the land) Britain's sake defend (of the free and the home of the brave),


Our mother (When our land), prince (is illumined), and friend (with liberty's smile),
God save (If a foe) the Queen (from within strikes a blow at her glory)!
6. Lord grant (Down, down) that Marshal (with the traitor) Wade (that tries to defile)
May by (The flag) thy (of the stars) mighty (and the page) aid (of her story)
Victory (By the millions) bring (unchained).
May (Who) he (their) sedition (birthright) hush (have gained),
And (We will) like (keep) a torrent rush (her bright blazon forever unstained),
Rebellious (And the star-spangled banner) Scots to crush (in triumph shall wave).
God save the King (While the land of the free is the home of the brave)!


3.          phonetic correspondence between   "The Star-Spangled Banner"     &     "Land of Hope and Glory"

*    I find   complete phonetic correspondence between  "The Star-Spangled Banner"  and  "Land of Hope and Glory"  (in all points),   which ultimately means a possibility that "Land of Hope and Glory" is not original but   phonetic  (or technical?)  plagiary.

*                      "O! say can you see" >> Dear /P
*                      "by the dawn's early light" >> Land /P
*                      "What so proudly we hailed" >> "of Hope" /P

Et cetera.

That is,       if articulating "What so proudly we hailed"   (continuously, without pause,  like a word)   from English /P speaking posture,      then,   "of Hope" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Et cetera.


Dear (O! say can you see/P) Land (by the dawn's early light) of Hope (What so proudly we hailed), thy (at the twilight's last gleaming) hope (Whose broad stripes and bright stars) is (through the perilous fight) crowned (O'er the ramparts we watched).

God (were so gallantly streaming?) make (And the rockets' red glare) thee (the bombs bursting in air) mightier (Gave proof through the night) yet (that our flag was still there)!

On (O! say) Sov'reign (does that star-spangled banner yet wave) brows (O'er the land of the free), beloved (and the home of the brave?), renowned (On the shore),

Once more (dimly seen through the mists of the deep) thy (Where the foe's haughty host) crown (in dread silence reposes) is set (What is that which the breeze).

Thine (o'er the towering steep) equal (As it fitfully blows) laws (half conceals, half discloses?), by (Now it catches) Freedom (the gleam of the morning's first beam) gained (In full glory reflected),

Have (now shines in the stream) ruled ('Tis the star-spangled banner) thee (O! long may it wave) well (O'er the land of the free) and (and the home of the brave) long (And where is that band);

By (who so vauntingly swore) Freedom (That the havoc of war) gained (and the battle's confusion), by (A home and a country) Truth (should leave us no more!) maintained (Their blood has washed out),

Thine (their foul footsteps' pollution) Empire (No refuge could save) shall (the hireling and slave) be (From the terror of flight) strong (or the gloom of the grave).

Land (And the star-spangled banner) of (in triumph doth wave) Hope (O'er the land of the free) and (and the home of the brave) Glory (O! thus be it ever),

Mother (when freemen shall stand) of (Between their loved home) the (and the war's desolation!) Free (Blest),

How (with victory and peace) shall (may the heav'n) we extol thee (rescued),

Who are born of thee (land)?

Wider still and wider (Praise)

Shall thy bounds be set (the Power that hath made);

God (and preserved us a nation), who (Then conquer we must) made thee mighty (when our cause it is just),

Make thee mightier yet (And this be our motto)

God (In God is our trust), who made thee mighty (And the star-spangled banner),

Make thee mightier yet (in triumph shall wave).

Thy fame (O'er the land of the free) is ancient as the days (and the home of the brave!),

As Ocean (When our land is illumined) large and wide (with liberty's smile)

A pride that dares (If a foe from within), and heeds not praise (strikes a blow at her glory),

A stern (Down, down with the traitor) and silent pride (that tries to defile)

Not that false joy (The flag of the stars) that dreams content (and the page of her story!)

With what our sires have won (By the millions unchained);

The blood (Who their birthright have gained) a hero (We will keep) sire (her bright blazon forever unstained) hath spent (And the star-spangled banner)

Still (in triumph shall wave) nerves (While the land of the free) a hero son (is the home of the brave).


--------------------


The Star-Spangled Banner

O! say can you see by the dawn's early light,
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming,
Whose broad stripes and bright stars through the perilous fight,
O'er the ramparts we watched, were so gallantly streaming?
And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our flag was still there;
O! say does that star-spangled banner yet wave,
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,
In full glory reflected now shines in the stream:
'Tis the star-spangled banner, O! long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion,
A home and a country should leave us no more!
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
From the terror of flight, or the gloom of the grave:
And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.

O! thus be it ever, when freemen shall stand
Between their loved home and the war's desolation!
Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n rescued land
Praise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation.
Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,
And this be our motto: "In God is our trust."
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave![12]


When our land is illumined with liberty's smile,
If a foe from within strikes a blow at her glory,
Down, down with the traitor that tries to defile
The flag of the stars, and the page of her story!
By the millions unchained,
Who their birthright have gained
We will keep her bright blazon forever unstained;
And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall wave,
While the land of the free is the home of the brave.


--------------------

http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/%EC%98%81%EA%B5%AD%EC%9D%98_%EA%B5%AD%EA%B0%80 ,  
national anthem of the United Kingdom

1. God save our gracious Queen,
Long live our noble Queen,
God save the Queen!
Send her victorious,
Happy and glorious,
Long to reign over us;
God save the Queen!
2. O Lord our God arise,
Scatter her enemies
And make them fall;
Confound their politics,
Frustrate their knavish tricks,
On Thee our hopes we fix,
God save us all!
3. Thy choicest gifts in store
On her be pleased to pour;
Long may she reign;
May she defend our laws,
And ever give us cause
To sing with heart and voice,
God save the Queen!
4. Not in this land alone,
But be God's mercies known,
From shore to shore!
Lord make the nations see,
That men should brothers be,
And form one family,
The wide world over.
5. From every latent foe,
From the assassins blow,
God save the Queen!
O'er her thine arm extend,
For Britain's sake defend,
Our mother, prince, and friend,
God save the Queen!
6. Lord grant that Marshal Wade
May by thy mighty aid
Victory bring.
May he sedition hush,
And like a torrent rush,
Rebellious Scots to crush.
God save the King!


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_of_Hope_and_Glory ,  

"Land of Hope and Glory"

Dear Land of Hope, thy hope is crowned.
God make thee mightier yet!
On Sov'reign brows, beloved, renowned,
Once more thy crown is set.
Thine equal laws, by Freedom gained,
Have ruled thee well and long;
By Freedom gained, by Truth maintained,
Thine Empire shall be strong.
Land of Hope and Glory,
Mother of the Free,
How shall we extol thee,
Who are born of thee?
Wider still and wider
Shall thy bounds be set;
God, who made thee mighty,
Make thee mightier yet
God, who made thee mighty,
Make thee mightier yet.
Thy fame is ancient as the days,
As Ocean large and wide
A pride that dares, and heeds not praise,
A stern and silent pride
Not that false joy that dreams content
With what our sires have won;
The blood a hero sire hath spent
Still nerves a hero son.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Land_of_Hope_and_Glory ,  
Solo
    Dear Land of Hope, thy hope is crowned,
       God make thee mightier yet !
    On Sov'ran[3] brows, beloved, renowned,
       Once more thy crown is set.
   Thine equal laws, by Freedom gained,
       Have ruled thee well and long ;
   By Freedom gained, by Truth maintained,
       Thine Empire shall be strong.

Chorus
            Land of Hope and Glory, Mother of the Free,
            How shall we extol thee, who are born of thee?
            Wider still and wider shall thy bounds be set;
            God, who made thee mighty, make thee mightier yet,
            God, who made thee mighty, make thee mightier yet.

Solo
    Thy fame is ancient as the days,
       As Ocean large and wide :
    A pride that dares, and heeds not praise,
       A stern and silent pride ;
    Not that false joy that dreams content
       With what our sires have won ;
    The blood a hero sire hath spent
       Still nerves a hero son.

Chorus

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DATE: 2011.02.10 - 13:18

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