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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | main | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, brd2 :::


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Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   Socrates/Thucydides/Plutarch/Herodotus/Xenophon/Aristophanes/Plato/Aristotle/Parmenides/Democritus, etc.
Heraclitus, Socrates, Thucydides, Plutarch, Herodotus, Xenophon, Aristophanes, Plato, Aristotle, Parmenides, Democritus, Alexander the Great


http://ko.wikipedia.org/wiki/%EB%B6%88%EA%B2%BD ,  

If articulating (or trying to speak)    "석가모니의 말씀 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni  ŋ=  y=  mal  s=m], Buddha's speech/words"   (continuously, without pause, like a word)   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "불경 [bul  gyΛŋ], Buddhism bible" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     《장아함경 長阿含經 중아함경 中阿含經 잡아함경 雜阿含經 증일아함경 增壹阿含经》

If articulating (or trying to speak)    "불경 [bul  gyΛŋ]"    (or "석가모니의 말씀 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni  ŋ=  y=  mal  s=m]")   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "불경 [bul  gyΛŋ]"    (or "석가모니의 말씀 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni  ŋ=  y=  mal  s=m]")   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "중아함경 [zuŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "불경 [bul  gyΛŋ]"    (or "석가모니의 말씀 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni  ŋ=  y=  mal  s=m]")   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "잡아함경 [zab  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

If articulating (or trying to speak)   the first/odd sound(s) of  "불경 [bul  gyΛŋ]"  (or "석가모니의 말씀 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni  ŋ=  y=  mal  s=m]") with Secondary stress /SCN from Korea/Seoul /P (/Ch) speaking posture   and the second/even sound(s) without stress   from Korea/Seoul /S (/Ch) speaking posture,     "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.



http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Heraclitus ,  
>>     Heraclitus:         c. 535 (five hundred thirty five) c. 475 BCE

"BC 535"                            (H/P/Ch + eraclitus/S/Ch)                           Heraclitus
"BC 475"                            (H/S/Ch + eraclitus/P/Ch)                           Heraclitus

Heraclitus                          (Z/P/Ch + arathustra/S/Ch)                          Zarathustra


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Socrates ,  
Socrates (Σωκράτης)
Socrates
Full name Socrates (Σωκράτης)
Born c. 469 / 470 BC[1]
Died 399 BC (age approx. 71)
Main interests      Epistemology,    ethics
Notable ideas      Socratic method,      Socratic irony
Influenced
Most subsequent Western philosophy; more specifically, Plato, Aristotle, Aristippus, Antisthenes

*        While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Socrates [so  c=  ra  te  s=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Born c. 469 / 470 BC[1]
Died 399 BC (age approx. 71)

"BC 469"                                (S/P + ocrates/S)                                Socrates
"BC 470"                            (S/P/Ch + ocrates/S/Ch)                             Socrates

"BC 399"                             (S/P + ocrates/C1)/abT                             Socrates

Plato                                  (S/C1 + ocrates/P)/+bp                            Socrates

Xenophon                             (S/C1 + ocrates/P)/+cp                            Socrates

Aristotle                                 (P/S + lato/P)/+bp                                 Plato

Aristippus                    ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Aristotle/C1)/Ch/abT/+bp                 Aristotle

Antisthenes                   ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Aristotle/C1)/Ch/abT/+cp                 Aristotle


Socrates                             ([ŋ=  y=]/S + ethics/P)                               ethics
Epistemology                     ([ŋ=  y=]/S/Ch + ethics/P/Ch)                          ethics

*                                 Socrates >> Epistemology /Ch

*                                 Socrates >> Socratic /mES        (adj.)

>>           Socrates (Greek: Σωκράτης, Ancient Greek pronunciation: [soˈkraːtɛːs], Sōkrtēs; c. 469 BC399 BC,[1] in English pronounced /ˈsɒkrətiːz/) was a Classical Greek Athenian philosopher.     Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy,    he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes.      Many would claim that Plato's dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity.[2]

Socrates                   ([ŋ=  w=]/C1 + "Athenian philosopher"/P)                   "Athenian philosopher"

Plato                                  (S/C1 + ocrates/P)/+bp                            Socrates
Xenophon                             (S/C1 + ocrates/P)/+cp                            Socrates

Aristophanes                              (S/P + ocrates/C2)/abT                       Socrates

dialogue                                 (P/S + lato/P)/+cp                                 Plato


*      While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Plato's dialogue [p=  la  to  s=  di  ŋa  lo  g=  ŋe]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>      Through his portrayal in Plato's dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and it is this Platonic Socrates who also lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, or elenchus.      The latter remains a commonly used tool in a wide range of discussions, and is a type of pedagogy in which a series of questions are asked not only to draw individual answers, but also to encourage fundamental insight into the issue at hand.     It is Plato's Socrates that also made important and lasting contributions to the fields of epistemology and logic, and the influence of his ideas and approach remains strong in providing a foundation for much western philosophy that followed.

Platonic                                (S/S + ocratic/P)                                  Socratic

"Socratic method"                      (e/C2 + lenchus/P)                             elenchus

"Socratic irony"                       (el/P + enchus/C2)/abT                         elenchus

elenchus                                (syl/S + logism/P)                              syllogism


*      While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)  "禪 선 [sΛn]",  "meditation /T",  "Zen"  or  "Chn"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "syllogism [s=  y=  l=  lo  gi  s=  m=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


Biography    
The Socratic problem
An accurate picture of the historical Socrates and his philosophical viewpoints is problematic, an issue known as the Socratic problem.
As Socrates did not write philosophical texts, the knowledge of the man, his life, and his philosophy is entirely based on writings by his students and contemporaries.     Foremost among them is Plato; however, works by Xenophon, Aristotle, and Aristophanes also provide important insights.[4]     The difficulty of finding the real Socrates arises because these works are often philosophical or dramatic texts rather than straightforward histories.    


Life
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Socrates ,  
>>       According to Plato, Socrates' father was Sophroniscus[7] and his mother Phaenarete,[8] a midwife.    Though characterized as unattractive in appearance and short in stature, Socrates married Xanthippe,[9] who was much younger than he.    She bore for him three sons,[10] Lamprocles, Sophroniscus and Menexenus.      His friend Crito of Alopece criticized him for abandoning his sons when he refused to try to escape before his execution.[11]

Sophroniscus                    (S/P/Ch + "-ocrates' father"/C1/Ch)/abT                  "Socrates' father"

Phaenarete                    (S/P/Ch + "-ocrates' mother"/C1/Ch)/abT                  "Socrates' mother"

midwife                              (Ph/C2 + aenarete/P)                             Phaenarete

Xanthippe                   (S/P/Ch + "-ocrates' wife"/C1/Ch)/abT                  "Socrates' wife"

Lamprocles                    (S/P/Ch + "-ocrates' son"/C1/Ch)/abT                  "Socrates' son"
Sophroniscus                     (S/P + "-ocrates' son"/C1)/abT                    "Socrates' son"
Menexenus                    (S/P/Ch + "-ocrates' son"/C2/Ch)/abT                  "Socrates' son"

Crito                   (S/P/Ch + "-ocrates' friend"/C1/Ch)/abT                   "Socrates' friend"

Alopece                                     (Cr/C1 + ito/P)                                    Crito

>>          It is unclear how Socrates earned a living.   Ancient texts seem to indicate that Socrates did not work.   In Xenophon's Symposium, Socrates is reported as saying he devotes himself only to what he regards as the most important art or occupation:   discussing philosophy.   In The Clouds Aristophanes portrays Socrates as accepting payment for teaching and running a sophist school with Chaerephon,   while in Plato's Apology and Symposium and in Xenophon's accounts, Socrates explicitly denies accepting payment for teaching.   More specifically, in the Apology Socrates cites his poverty as proof he is not a teacher.    According to Timon of Phlius and later sources, Socrates took over the profession of stonemasonry from his father.    There was a tradition in antiquity, not credited by modern scholarship, that Socrates crafted the statues of the Three Graces, which stood near the Acropolis until the second century AD.[12]

Symposium                             (X/C1 + enophon/P)                             Xenophon

*       While taking Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Xenophon's Symposium [Xe  no  p=  hon'  s=  S=  y=m  po  si  ŋum]/+bp"   or   "Plato's Symposium [P=  la  to'  s=  S=  y=m  po  si  ŋum]/+cp"   or   "Xenophon's Anabasis [Xe  no  p=  hon'  s=  ŋA  na  ba  si  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Xenophon's Cyropaedia [Xe  no  p=  hon'  s=  C=  y=  ro  pa  ŋe  di  ŋa]/+cp/Ch"  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Plato's Apology [P=  la  to'  s=  ŋA  po  lo  g=  y=]"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"Timon of Phlius"                      (S/P/Ch + ocrates/C2/Ch)/abT                      Socrates



Thucydides

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Thucydides ,  
Thucydides (c. 460 BC c. 395 BC) (Greek Θουκυδίδης, Thoukyddēs) was a Greek historian from Alimos and author of the History of the Peloponnesian War, which recounts the 5th century BC war between Sparta and Athens to the year 411 BC. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of "scientific history" because of his strict standards of evidence-gathering and analysis in terms of cause and effect without reference to intervention by the gods, as outlined in his introduction to his work.[1]

*         While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Thucydides [T=  hu  c=  y=  di  de  s=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"Peloponnesian War"                       (Th/C2 + ucydides/P)                        Thucydides

"BC 460"                              (Th/S + ucydides/P)                               Thucydides
"BC 395"                          (Th/S/Ch + ucydides/P/Ch)                           Thucydides

"BC 411"                            (P/C1 + "eloponnesian War"/P)                    "Peloponnesian War"

"BC 5th century"                    (P/C2 + "eloponnesian War"/P)/+bp                    "Peloponnesian War"
History                              (P/C2 + "eloponnesian War"/P)/+cp                    "Peloponnesian War"

Sparta                        (P/P + eloponnesus/C2)/abT                       Peloponnesus
Athens                        (P/P/Ch + eloponnesus/C2/Ch)/abT                       Peloponnesus


http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Thucydides ,  
>>     Melian dialogue

*       While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "중아함경 [zuŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 中阿含經"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Melian dialogue [me  li  ŋa  n=  -]/+bp"   or   "Peloponnesian War [pe  lo  po  n=  ne  si  ŋa  n=  wa  r=]/+cp"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Thucydides                     (Me/C2 + "-lian dialogue"/P)                     "Melian dialogue"

Evidence from the Classical Period
>>     Thucydides identifies himself as an Athenian, telling us that his father's name was Olorus and that he was from the Athenian deme of Halimous.[4]     He survived the Plague of Athens[5] that killed Pericles and many other Athenians.      He also records that he owned gold mines at Scapte Hyle (literally: "Dug Woodland"), a coastal area in Thrace, opposite the island of Thasos.[6]

Olorus                              (Th/P + ucydides/C1)/abT                          Thucydides

Halimous                             (Th/P + ucydides/S)                               Thucydides
deme                          (H/P/Ch + alimous/C1/Ch)/abT                           Halimous

Plague                                    (d/C1 + eme/P)                                    deme
Athens                                    (P/S + lague/P)                                    Plague

"Scapte Hyle"                       (Th/P + ucydides/C1)/abT/+bp                      Thucydides
"gold mines"                        (Th/P + ucydides/C1)/abT/+cp                      Thucydides

Thrace                               (Sc/P + "-apte Hyle"/S)                          "Scapte Hyle"
Thasos                             (g/P + "-old mines"/C2)/abT                        "gold mines"

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Thucydides ,  
Critical interpretation
Scholars traditionally view Thucydides as recognizing and teaching the lesson that democracies need leadership, but that leadership can be dangerous to democracy.

>>       democracy

If articulating (or trying to speak)    "śīla"    from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "중용 [zun  yoŋ], moderation" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

If articulating (or trying to speak)    "śīla"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "균형 [gyun  hyΛŋ], balance" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "중용 [zun  yoŋ], moderation"  or  "균형 [gyun  hyΛŋ], balance"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "democracy [de  mo  c=  ra  c=  y=]"  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.



>>                 Plutarch

*       While taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Plutarch [p=  lu  ta  r=  c=  h=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Plutarch ,    
Plutarch,  born Plutarchos (Greek: Πλούταρχος) then named,   on his becoming a Roman citizen, Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus (Μέστριος Πλούταρχος),[1]   c. 46 120 CE,   was a Greek historian, biographer, essayist, and Middle Platonist known primarily for his Parallel Lives and Moralia.[2]     He was born to a prominent family in Chaeronea, Boeotia, a town about twenty miles east of Delphi.

46                                    (Plu/C1 + tarch/P)                                   Plutarch
120                                   (Plu/C2 + tarch/P)                                   Plutarch

*       While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Parallel Lives [Pa  ra  l=  le  l=  Li  ve  s=]/+bp"   or   "Moralia [Mo  ra  li  ŋa]/+cp"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>                Herodotus

*       While Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Herodotus [He  ro  do  tu  s=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Herodotus ,    
Herodotus (Greek: Ἡρόδοτος Hērdotos) was an ancient Greek historian who was born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the 5th century BC (c. 484 BC c. 425 BC).   He has been called the "Father of History" since he was the first historian known to collect his materials systematically, test their accuracy to a certain extent and arrange them in a well-constructed and vivid narrative.[1]    The Histories his masterpiece and the only work he is known to have produced is a record of his "inquiry" (or ἱστορία histora, a word that passed into Latin and took on its modern meaning of history),   being an investigation of the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars and including a wealth of geographical and ethnographical information.

"BC 484"                             (H/P + erodotus/C2)/abT                           Herodotus
"BC 425"                         (H/P/Ch + erodotus/C2/Ch)/abT                        Herodotus

*       While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "중아함경 [zuŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 中阿含經"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Histories [Hi  s=  to  ri  ŋe  s=]"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"Greco-Persian War"                       (His/S + tories/P)/+bp                          Histories
Herodotus                                 (His/S + tories/P)/+cp                          Histories



Xenophon

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Xenophon ,  
Xenophon          (Ancient Greek Ξενοφῶν, Xenophōn; c. 430 354 BC),   son of Gryllus,   of the deme Erchia of Athens, also known as Xenophon of Athens, was a Greek historian, soldier, mercenary, and a contemporary and admirer of Socrates.    He is known for his writings on the history of his own times, the 4th century BC, preserving the sayings of Socrates, and descriptions of life in ancient Greece and the Persian Empire.

"BC 430"                               (X/S + enophon/P)                                Xenophon
"BC 354"                          (X/S/Ch + enophon/P/Ch)                              Xenophon

"son of Gryllus"                         (X/C1 + enophon/P)                              Xenophon

>>   Historical and biographical works
Anabasis      (also: The Persian Expedition or The March Up Country)
Cyropaedia      (also: The Education of Cyrus)
Hellenica
Agesilaus

"Persian Expedition"                    ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Anabasis/S)/+bp                   Anabasis
"March Up Country"                     ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Anabasis/S)/+cp                   Anabasis

"Education of Cyrus"                        (Cyr/P + opaedia/S)                         Cyropaedia

>>   Socratic works and dialogues
Memorabilia
Oeconomicus
Symposium
Apology
Hiero

*       While taking Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "잡아함경 [zab  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 雜阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Xenophon's Memorabilia [Xe  no  p=  ho  n='  s=  Me  mo  ra  bi  li  ŋa]/+bp"   or   "Xenophon's Oeconomicus [Xe  no  p=  ho  n='  s=  ŋO  ŋe  co  no  mi  cu  s=]/+cp"   or   "Xenophon's Apology [Xe  no  p=  ho  n='  s=  ŋA  po  lo g=  y=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Xenophon's Hiero [Xe  no  p=  ho  n='  s=  Hi  ŋe  ro]/+cp/Ch"  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>    Short treatises
On Horsemanship
The Cavalry General
Hunting with Dogs
Ways and Means
Constitution of Sparta

"On Horsemanship"                    (X/C1 + "-enophon's Symposium"/P)/+bp                 "Xenophon's Symposium"
"Cavalry General"                      (X/C1 + "-enophon's Symposium"/P)/+cp                 "Xenophon's Symposium"
"Hunting with Dogs"                   (X/C1 + "-enophon's Symposium"/P)/+bp/Ch                 "Xenophon's Symposium"
"Ways and Means"                     (X/C1 + "-enophon's Symposium"/P)/+cp/Ch                 "Xenophon's Symposium"

"Constitution of Sparta"                     (X/C2 + "-enophon's Symposium"/P)                 "Xenophon's Symposium"


Aristophanes

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Aristophanes ,  

*        While taking Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Aristophanes [ŋA  ri  s=  to  p=  ha  ne  s=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>    Aristophanes   (Ἀριστοφάνης, ca. 446 ca. 386 BC),    son of Philippus, of the deme Cydathenaus,[2]
"BC 446"                    ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Aristophanes/P)/+bp                      Aristophanes
"BC 386"                    ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Aristophanes/P)/+cp                      Aristophanes

Philippus                  ([ŋ=  w=]/S + "Aristophanes' father"/P)                "Aristophanes' father"

Biography
>>     a son of Aristophanes, Araros,

Araros                   ([ŋ=  w=]/S + "Aristophanes' son"/P)                "Aristophanes' son"

Works

Surviving plays
Most of these are traditionally referred to by abbreviations of their Latin titles; Latin remains a customary language of scholarship in classical studies.

The Acharnians (Ἀχαρνεῖς Akharneis; Attic Ἀχαρνῆς; Latin: Acharnenses) (425 BC)
The Knights (Ἱππεῖς Hippeis; Attic Ἱππῆς; Latin: Equites) (424 BC)
The Clouds (Νεφέλαι Nephelai; Latin: Nubes) (original 423 BC, uncompleted revised version from 419 BC 416 BC survives)
The Wasps (Σφήκες Sphekes; Latin: Vespae) (422 BC)
Peace (Εἰρήνη Eirene; Latin: Pax) (first version, 421 BC)
The Birds (Ὄρνιθες Ornithes; Latin: Aves) (414 BC)
Lysistrata (Λυσιστράτη Lysistrate (411 BC)
Thesmophoriazusae or The Women Celebrating the Thesmophoria (Θεσμοφοριάζουσαι Thesmophoriazousai (first version, c. 411 BC)
The Frogs (Βάτραχοι Batrakhoi; Latin: Ranae) (405 BC)
Ecclesiazusae or The Assemblywomen; (Ἐκκλησιάζουσαι) Ekklesiazousai (c. 392 BC)
Wealth (Πλοῦτος Ploutos; Latin Plutus) (second version, 388 BC)

*       While taking Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Acharnians [ŋA  c=  ha  r=  ni  ŋa  n=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Knights [K=  ni  g=  h=  t=  s=]/+cp"  or  "Clouds [C=  lo  ŋu  d=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Wasps [Wa  s=  p=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"BC 425"                          ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + Acharnians/P)                        Acharnians
"BC 424"                               (K/C2 + nights/P)                                    Knights
"BC 423"                               (C/C2 + louds/P)                                     Clouds
"BC 422"                               (W/C2 + asps/P)                                    Wasps

"BC 419"                               (C/C1 + louds/P)/+bp                                Clouds
"BC 416"                               (C/C1 + louds/P)/+cp                                Clouds

([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + Acharnians/P)/Ch  or  (K/C2 + nights/P)/Ch  or  (C/C2 + louds/P)/Ch  or  (W/C2 + asps/P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".

*       While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Peace [Pe  ŋa  ce]/+bp"   or   "Birds [Bi  r=  d=  s=]/+cp"  or  "Lysistrata [L=  y=  si  s=  t=  ra  ta]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Thesmophoriazusae [T=  he  s=  mo  p=  ho  ri  ŋa  zu  sa  ŋe]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"BC 421"                               (P/C2 + eace/P)                                       Peace
"BC 414"                               (B/C2 + irds/P)                                        Birds
"BC 411"                               (Ly/C2 + sistrata/P)                                Lysistrata
"BC 411"                     (T/C2 + hesmophoriazousai/P)                    Thesmophoriazousai

(P/C2 + eace/P)/Ch  or  (B/C2 + irds/P)/Ch  or  (Ly/C2 + sistrata/P)/Ch  or  (T/C2 + hesmophoriazousai/P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".

*       While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Frogs [F=  ro  g=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Ecclesiazusae [ŋE  c=  c=  le  si  ŋa  zu  sa  ŋe]/+cp"  or  "Wealth [We  ŋa  l=  t=  h=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Banqueters [Ba  n=  qu  ŋe  te  r=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"BC 405"                               (F/C2 + rogs/P)                                       Frogs
"BC 392"                        ([ŋ=  y=]/C2 + Ecclesiazusae/P)                     Ecclesiazusae
"BC 388"                               (W/C2 + ealth/P)                                     Wealth
"BC 427"                             (B/C2 + anqueters/P)                              Banqueters

(F/C2 + rogs/P)/Ch  or  ([ŋ=  y=]/C2 + Ecclesiazusae/P)/Ch  or  (W/C2 + ealth/P)/Ch  or  (B/C2 + anqueters/P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".

Datable non-surviving (lost) plays
The standard modern edition of the fragments is Kassel-Austin, Poetae Comici Graeci III.2.

Banqueters (427 BC)
Babylonians (426 BC)
Farmers (424 BC)
Merchant Ships (423 BC)
Clouds (first version) (423 BC)
Proagon (422 BC)
Amphiaraos (414 BC)
Plutus (Wealth, first version, 408 BC)
Gerytades (uncertain, probably 407 BC)
Kokalos (387 BC)
Aiolosikon (second version, 386 BC)

*       While taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Babylonians [Ba  b=  y=  lo  ni  ŋa  n=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Farmers [Fa  r=  me  r=  s=]/+cp"  or  "Merchant Ships [Me  r=  c=  ha  n=  t=  S=  hi  p=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Clouds [C=  lo  ŋu  d=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"BC 426"                             (B/C2 + abylonians/P)                            Babylonians
"BC 424"                               (F/C2 + armers/P)                                  Farmers
"BC 423"                         (M/C2 + "-erchant Ships"/P)                     "Merchant Ships"
"BC 423"                               (C/C2 + louds/P)                                     Clouds

(B/C2 + abylonians/P)/Ch  or  (F/C2 + armers/P)/Ch  or  (M/C2 + "-erchant Ships"/P)/Ch  or  (C/C2 + louds/P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".

*       While taking Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Proagon [P=  ro  ŋa  go  n=]/+bp"   or   "Amphiaraos [ŋA  m=  p=  hi  ŋa  ra  ŋo  s=]/+cp"  or  "Plutus [P=  lu  tu  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Gerytades [Ge  r=  y=  ta  de  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"BC 422"                               (P/C2 + roagon/P)                                  Proagon
"BC 414"                         ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + Amphiaraos/P)                       Amphiaraos
"BC 408"                               (P/C2 + lutus/P)                                      Plutus
"BC 407"                              (G/C2 + erytades/P)                               Gerytades

(P/C2 + roagon/P)/Ch  or  ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + Amphiaraos/P)/Ch  or  (P/C2 + lutus/P)/Ch  or  (G/C2 + erytades/P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".

*       While taking Korea/강원-도 [gaŋ  wΛn  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Kokalos [Ko  ka  lo  s=]/+bp"   or   "Aiolosikon [ŋA  ŋi  ŋo  lo  si  ko  n=]/+cp"  or  "Aiolosikon [ŋA  ŋi  ŋo  lo  si  ko  n=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Anagyros [ŋA  na  g=  y=  ro  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"BC 387"                               (K/C2 + okalos/P)                                  Kokalos
"BC 386"                         ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + Aiolosikon/P)                          Aiolosikon

(K/C2 + okalos/P)/Ch  or  ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + Aiolosikon/P)/Ch  or  ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + Aiolosikon/P)/Ch  or  ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + Anagyros /P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".

Undated non-surviving (lost) plays

Aiolosikon (first version)
Anagyros
Frying-Pan Men
Daidalos
Danaids
Centaur
Heroes
Lemnian Women
Old Age
Peace (second version)
Phoenician Women
Polyidos
Seasons
Storks
Telemessians
Triphales
Thesmophoriazusae (Women at the Thesmophoria Festival, second version)
Women in Tents

*       While taking Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Frying-Pan Men [F=  r=  yi  n=  g=  -Pa  n=  Me  n=]/+bp"   or   "Daidalos [Da  ŋi  da  lo  s=]/+cp"  or  "Danaids [Da  na  ŋi  d=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Centaur [Ce  n=  ta  ŋu  r=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

(Fr/C2 + "-ying-Pan Men"/P)/Ch  or  (D/C2 + aidalos/P)/Ch  or  (D/C2 + anaids/P)/Ch  or  C (/C2 + entaur/P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".

*       While taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Heroes [He  ro  ŋe  s=]/+bp"   or   "Lemnian Women [Le  m=  ni  ŋa  n=  Wo  me  n=]/+cp"  or  "Old Age [ŋO  l=  d=  ŋA  ge]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Peace [Pe  ŋa  ce]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

(H/C2 + eroes/P)/Ch  or  (L/C2 + "-emnian Women"/P)/Ch  or  ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + "Old Age"/P)/Ch  or  (P/C2 + eace/P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".


**       While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/황해-도 [hwaŋ  h  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Phoenician Women [P=  ho  ŋe  ni  ci  ŋa  n=  Wo  me  n=]/+bp"   or   "Polyidos [Po  l=  yi  do  s=]/+cp"  or  "Seasons [Se  ŋa  so  n=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or  "Storks [S=  to  r=  k=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

(P/C2 + "-hoenician Women"/P)/Ch  or  (P/C2 + olyidos/P)/Ch  or  (S/C2 + easons/P)/Ch  or  (S/C2 + torks/P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".

**       While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/황해-도 [hwaŋ  h  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Telemessians [Te  le  me  s=  si  ŋa  n=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Triphales [T=  ri  p=  ha  le  s=]/+cp"  or  "Thesmophoriazusae [T=  he  s=  mo  p=  ho  ri  ŋa  zu  sa  ŋe]/+bp/Ch"   or  "Women in Tents [Wo  me  n=  ŋi  n=  Te  n=  t=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

(T/C2 + elemessians/P)/Ch  or  (T/C2 + riphales/P)/Ch  or  (T/C2 + hesmophoriazusae/P)/Ch  or  (W/C2 + "-omen in Tents"/P)/Ch  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced as   "Aristophanes".

Attributed (doubtful, possibly by Archippos)

Dionysos Shipwrecked
Islands
Niobos
Poetry

**       While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/황해-도 [hwaŋ  h  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Dionysos Shipwrecked [Di  ŋo  n=  y=  so  s=  S=  hi  p=  w=  re  c=  ke  d=]/+bp"   or   "Islands [ŋI  s=  la  n=  d=  s=]/+cp"  or  "Niobos [Ni  ŋo  bo  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or  "Poetry [Po  ŋe  t=  r=  y=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.



>>     Plato

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Plato ,  

Plato
Name: Plato (Πλάτων)
Birth: c. 428427 BC, Athens
Death: c. 348347 BC, Athens
School/tradition: Platonism
Main interests: Rhetoric, Art, Literature, Epistemology, Justice, Virtue, Politics, Education, Family, Militarism
Notable ideas: Platonic realism
Influences: Socrates, Homer, Hesiod, Aristophanes, Aesop, Protagoras, Parmenides, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Orphism
Influenced: Aristotle, Neoplatonism, Cicero, Plutarch, Stoicism, Anselm, Descartes, Hobbes, Leibniz, Mill, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Arendt, Gadamer and countless other western philosophers and theologians

"BC 428"                                  (P/C1 + lato/P)/+bp                                 Plato
"BC 427"                                  (P/C1 + lato/P)/+cp                                 Plato

"BC 348"                               (Pl/P + ato/C1)/abT/+bp                               Plato
"BC 347"                               (Pl/P + ato/C1)/abT/+cp                               Plato

*        While taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Homer [Ho  me  r=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*        While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Chinese speaking posture,     "Hesiod [He  si  ŋo  d=]"   or   "Aesop [ŋA  ŋe  so  p=]/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Protagoras                            (S/P + ocrates/C1)/abT/+cp                         Socrates
Parmenides                           (S/P + ocrates/C1)/abT/+bp                         Socrates

Pythagoras                            (S/P + ocrates/C2)/abT/+cp                         Socrates

Orpheus                                    (S/C2 + ocrates/P)                             Socrates

*                               Orpheus >> Orphism /GC/S/Ch/abT

Cicero                                    (Pl/P + ato/C2)/abT                                 Plato

"Zeno of Citium"                         (Pl/P + ato/C2)/abT/Ch/+cp                         Plato

*                               Zeno >> Stoicism /GC/S/Ch/abT

"Anselm of Canterbury"                      (Pl/P + ato/C2)/abT/Ch/+bp                     Plato

"Ren Descartes"                             (P/C2 + lato/P)                                  Plato

"Thomas Hobbes"                             (P/C2 + lato/P)/Ch                              Plato

"Gottfried Leibniz"                            (P/S + lato/P)/+bp                               Plato

"John Stuart Mill"                            (P/S + lato/P)/Ch/+cp                            Plato


[S=  c=  ho  pen  ha  ŋu  ŋe  r=]                      (P/S + lato/P)/Ch/+bp                     Plato

*                          [S=  c=  ho  pen  ha  ŋu  ŋe  r=] >> Schopenhauer /GC/S/Ch/abT

*                               Schopenhauer >> "Arthur Schopenhauer" /T


[Ni  ŋe  t=  z=  s=  c=  he]                     (Pl/P + ato/C1)/abT/Ch/+cp                   Plato

*                               [Ni  ŋe  t=  z=  s=  c=  he] >> Nietzsche /GC/S/Ch/abT

*                            Nietzsche /GC/S/Ch/abT >> "Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche" /T


"Martin Heidegger"                         (Pl/P + ato/C1)/abT/Ch/+bp                       Plato

*                               "Martin Heidegger" >> Heidegger /T


Arendt                                     (P/S + lato/P)/+cp                                 Plato

*                               Arendt >> "Hannah Arendt" /T


"Hans-Georg Gadamer"                            (P/P + lato/S)                               Plato

*                               "Hans-Georg Gadamer" >> Gadamer /T


Birth and family
>>         The exact birthdate of Plato is unknown. Based on ancient sources, most modern scholars estimate that he was born in Athens or Aegina[b] between 428 and 427 BC[a]   His father was Ariston.   According to a disputed tradition, reported by Diogenes Laertius, Ariston traced his descent from the king of Athens, Codrus, and the king of Messenia, Melanthus.[5]    Plato's mother was Perictione, whose family boasted of a relationship with the famous Athenian lawmaker and lyric poet Solon.[6]      Perictione was sister of Charmides and niece of Critias, both prominent figures of the Thirty Tyrants, the brief oligarchic regime, which followed on the collapse of Athens at the end of the Peloponnesian war (404-403 b.c.e.).[7]     Besides Plato himself, Ariston and Perictione had three other children;   these were two sons, Adeimantus and Glaucon, and a daughter Potone,   the mother of Speusippus (the nephew and successor of Plato as head of his philosophical Academy).<ref name="TW1" />   According to the Republic, Adeimantus and Glaucon were older than Plato.[8]   Nevertheless, in his Memorabilia, Xenophon presents Glaucon as younger than Plato.[9]

Ariston                                (Pl/P + ato/S)/+bp                                   Plato
father                                 (Pl/P + ato/S)/+cp                                   Plato

Codrus                            ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Ariston/P)/+bp                           Ariston
king                               ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Ariston/P)/+cp                           Ariston
Athens                             ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Ariston/P)/Ch                            Ariston

Melanthus                         ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Ariston/P)/Ch/+bp                        Ariston
king                               ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Ariston/P) /Ch/+cp                       Ariston
Messenia                               ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Ariston/P)                            Ariston

Perictione                              (Pl/P + ato/S)/Ch/+bp                                 Plato
mother                                 (Pl/P + ato/S)/Ch/+cp                                 Plato

Solon                                 (P/C2 + erictione/P)/+bp                           Perictione

"sister of Charmides"                     (P/P + erictione/C1)/abT/Ch/+bp                    Perictione
"niece of Critias"                         (P/P + erictione/C1)/abT/Ch/+cp                    Perictione

Adeimantus                      (P/P + "-lato's brother"/C2)/abT/+bp                    "Plato's brother"
Glaucon                         (P/P + "-lato's brother"/C2)/abT/+cp                    "Plato's brother"
Potone                          (P/P + "-lato's sister"/C2)/abT/Ch                     "Plato's sister"
Speusippus                     (P/P + "-lato's sister"/C2)/abT/Ch                   "Plato's nephew"
"mother of Speusippus"                            (P/S + otone/P)                          Potone


>>        Ariston appears to have died in Plato's childhood, although the precise dating of his death is difficult.[12] Perictione then married Pyrilampes, her mother's brother,[13] who had served many times as an ambassador to the Persian court and was a friend of Pericles, the leader of the democratic faction in Athens.[14]    Pyrilampes had a son from a previous marriage, Demus, who was famous for his beauty.[15]    Perictione gave birth to Pyrilampes' second son, Antiphon, the half-brother of Plato, who appears in Parmenides.[16]

Pyrilampes                            (P/C2 + erictione/P)/+cp                          Perictione
stepfather                          (P/C2 + erictione/P)/+cp/Ch                         Perictione
"mother's brother"                     (P/C2 + erictione/P)/+bp/Ch                     Perictione

"friend of Pericles"                     (Pyr/P + ilampes/C2)/abT/Ch                    Pyrilampes

Demus                                (Py/C2 + rilampes/P)/+bp                         Pyrilampes
son                                   (Py/C2 + rilampes/P)/+cp                         Pyrilampes

Antiphon                    (P/P + "-lato's half-brother"/C2)/abT                   "Plato's half-brother"

Name
>>      According to Diogenes Laertius, the philosopher was named Aristocles after his grandfather, but his wrestling coach, Ariston of Argos, dubbed him "Platon", meaning "broad" on account of his robust figure.[19]       According to the sources mentioned by Diogenes (all dating from the Alexandrian period), Plato derived his name from the breadth (platuts) of his eloquence, or else because he was very wide (platus) across the forehead.[20]     In the 21st century some scholars disputed Diogenes, and argued that the legend about his name being Aristocles originated in the Hellenistic age.[c]'''

"Ariston of Argos"                        (Pl/P + ato/S)/Ch/+bp                              Plato
"wrestling coach"                         (Pl/P + ato/S)/Ch/+bp                              Plato

"Plato's original name"                    ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Aristocles/C1)/abT/Ch/+bp                   Aristocles
grandfather                     ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Aristocles/C1)/abT/Ch/+cp                 Aristocles

Platon                     ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Aristocles/C2)/abT/Ch/+bp                     Aristocles


Bibliography
>>    One tradition regarding the arrangement of Plato's texts is according to tetralogies. This scheme is ascribed by Diogenes Laertius to an ancient scholar and court astrologer to Tiberius named Thrasyllus.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Diogenes+Laertius ,  
*        While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Chinese speaking posture,     "Diogenes Laertius" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"Lives and Opinions of Eminent Philosophers"                   (Di/P + "-ogenes Laertius"/C1)/abT                  "Diogenes Laertius"

[T=  h=  ra  s=  y=l  lu  s=]                   (Di/P + "-ogenes Laertius"/C1)/abT/Ch                  "Diogenes Laertius"

*                               [T=  h=  ra  s=  y=l  lu  s=] >> Thrasyllus /GC/S/Ch/abT

*                            Thrasyllus /GC/S/Ch/abT >> "Tiberius Claudius Thrasyllus" /T


>>      In the list below, works by Plato are marked (1) if there is no consensus among scholars as to whether Plato is the author,   and (2) if scholars generally agree that Plato is not the author of the work.   Unmarked works are assumed to have been written by Plato.
Tetralogies
I. Euthyphro, (The) Apology (of Socrates), Crito, Phaedo
II. Cratylus, Theaetetus, Sophist, Statesman
III. Parmenides, Philebus, (The) Symposium, Phaedrus
IV. First Alcibiades (1), Second Alcibiades (2), Hipparchus (2), (The) (Rival) Lovers (2)
V. Theages (2), Charmides, Laches, Lysis
VI. Euthydemus, Protagoras, Gorgias, Meno
VII. (Greater) Hippias (major) (1), (Lesser) Hippias (minor), Ion, Menexenus
VIII. Clitophon (1), (The) Republic, Timaeus, Critias
IX. Minos (2), (The) Laws, Epinomis (2), Epistles (1).

Works not in Thrasyllus' tetralogies
The remaining works were transmitted under Plato's name, most of them already considered spurious in antiquity, and so were not included by Thrasyllus in his tetralogical arrangement. These works are labelled as Notheuomenoi ("spurious") or Apocrypha.
Axiochus (2), Definitions (2), Demodocus (2), Epigrams, Eryxias (2), Halcyon (2), On Justice (2), On Virtue (2), Sisyphus (2).

I*       While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Euthyphro [ŋE  ŋu  t=  h=  y=  p=  h=  ro]/+bp"   or   "Socrates' Apology [So  c=  ra  te  s='  ŋA  po  lo  g=  y=]/+cp"  or  "Crito [C=  ri  to]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Phaedo [P=  ha  ŋe  do]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

II*       While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Cratylus [C=  ra  t=  y=  lu  s=]/+bp"   or   "Theaetetus [T=  he  ŋa  ŋe  te  tu  s=]/+cp"  or  "Sophist [So  p=  hi  s=  t=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Statesman [S=  ta  te  s=  ma  n=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

III*       While taking Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Parmenides [Pa  r=  me  ni  de  s=]/+bp"   or   "Philebus [P=  hi  le  bu  s=]/+cp"  or  "Symposium [S=  y=  m=  po  si  ŋu  m=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Phaedrus [P=  ha  ŋe  d=  ru  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

IV*       While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Alcibiades [ŋA  l=  ci  bi  ŋa  de  s=]/+bp"   or   "Alcibiades [ŋA  l=  ci  bi  ŋa  de  s=]/+cp"  or  "Hipparchus [Hi  p=  pa  r=  c=  hu  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Rival Lovers [Ri  va  l=  Lo  ve  r=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

V*       While taking Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Theages [T=  he  ŋa  ge  s=]/+bp"   or   "Charmides [C=  ha  r=  mi  de  s=]/+cp"  or  "Laches [La  c=  he  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Lysis [L=  y=  si  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

VI*       While taking Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Euthydemus [ŋE  ŋu  t=  h=  y=  de  mu  s=]/+bp"   or   "Protagoras [P=  ro  ta  go  ra  s=]/+cp"  or  "Gorgias [Go  r=  gi  ŋa  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Meno [Me  no]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

VII*       While taking Korea/강원-도 [gaŋ  wΛn  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Hippias [Hi  p=  pi  ŋa  s=]/+bp"   or   "Hippias [Hi  p=  pi  ŋa  s=]/+cp"  or  "Ion [ŋI  ŋo  n=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Menexenus [Me  ne  xe  nu  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

VIII*       While taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Clitophon [C=  li  to  p=  ho  n=]/+bp"   or   "Republic [Re  pu  b=  li  c=]/+cp"  or  "Timaeus [Ti  ma  ŋe  ŋu  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Critias [C=  ri  ti  ŋa  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

IX*       While taking Korea/황해-도 [hwaŋ  h  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Minos [Mi  no  s=]/+bp"   or   "Laws [La  w=  s=]/+cp"  or  "Epinomis [ŋE  pi  no  mi  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Epistles [ŋE  pi  s=  t=  le  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


**       While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korean/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Axiochus [ŋA  xi  ŋo  c=  hu  s=]/+bp"   or   "Definitions [De  fi  ni  ti  ŋo  n=  s=]/+cp"  or  "Demodocus [De  mo  do  cu  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Epigrams [ŋE  pi  g=  ra  m=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

**       While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korean/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Eryxias [ŋE  r=  y=  xi  ŋa  s=]/+bp"   or   "Halcyon [Ha  l=  c=  yo  n=]/+cp"  or  "On Justice [ŋO  n=  Ju  s=  ti  ce]/+bp/Ch"   or   "On Virtue [ŋO  n= Vi  r=  tu  ŋe]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

**       While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korean/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Sisyphus [Si  s=  y=  p=  hu  s=]"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.



Aristotle

Aristotle                                 (P/S + lato/P)/+bp                                 Plato
"Aristotle's teacher"                        (P/S + lato/P)/+cp                             Plato

*        While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Aristotlēs [ŋA  ri  s=  to  t  lē  s=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*                              Aristotlēs >> Aristotle /GC/S/Ch/abT

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Aristotle ,  
Full name Ἀριστοτέλης, Aristotlēs
Born 384 BC
Stageira, Chalcidice
Died 322 BC (age 61 or 62)
Euboea
School        Peripatetic school
Aristotelianism
Influenced by
Parmenides, Socrates, Plato, Heraclitus, Democritus

"BC 384"                           ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Aristotle/P)/+bp                        Aristotle
"Stageira, Chalcidice"                    ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Aristotle/P)/Ch/+bp                 Aristotle

"BC 322"                           ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Aristotle/P)/+cp                        Aristotle
Euboea                         ([ŋ=  w=]/S + Aristotle/P)/Ch/+cp                        Aristotle

"Peripatetic school"                     ([ŋ=  w=]/C1 + Aristotle/P)                        Aristotle

*                              Aristotle >> Aristotelianism /T

>>     Successor: Theophrastus

Theophrastus                       ([ŋ=  w=]/S + "Aristotle's successor"/P)/Ch                       "Aristotle's successor"

*                               School /S >> Lyceum /T

Corpus Aristotelicum
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Corpus+Aristotelicum ,  
Aristotle's works by Bekker numbers
The following list is complete. The titles are given in accordance with the standard set by the Revised Oxford Translation (The Complete Works of Aristotle, edited by Jonathan Barnes, 2 vols., Princeton University Press, 1984). Latin titles, still often used by scholars, are also given. Disputed works are marked by *, and ** marks a work generally agreed to be spurious.

"Corpus Aristotelicum"                     ([ŋ=  w=]/C2 + "Aristotle's works"/P)                     "Aristotle's works"

Logic (Organon)
(1a) Categories (or Categoriae)
(16a) De Interpretatione ("On Interpretation")
(24a) Prior Analytics (or Analytica Priora)
(71a) Posterior Analytics (or Analytica Posteriora)
(100a) Topics (or Topica)
(164a) Sophistical Refutations (or De Sophisticis Elenchis)

*                               logic /S >> organon /GC/S/Ch/abT >> organum /T

*       While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Categories [Ca  te  go  ri  ŋe  s=]/+bp"   or   "De Interpretatione [De  ŋI  n=  te  r=  p=  re  ta  ti  ŋo  ne]/+cp"  or  "Prior Analytics [P=  ri  ŋo  r=  ŋA  na  l=  y=  ti  c=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Posterior Analytics [Po  s=  te  ri  ŋo  r=  ŋA  na  l=  y=  ti  c=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Topics [To  pi  c=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Sophistical Refutations [So  p=  hi  s=  ti  ca  l=  Re  fu  ta  ti  ŋo  n=  s=]/+cp"  or  "Physics [P=  h=  y=  si  c=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "On Heavens [ŋO  n=  He  ŋa  ve  n=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Physics (the study of nature)
(184a) Physics (or Physica)
(268a) On the Heavens (or De Caelo)
(314a) On Generation and Corruption (or De Generatione et Corruptione)
(338a) Meteorology (or Meteorologica)
(391a) On the Universe** (or De Mundo)
(402a) On the Soul (or De Anima)

*       While taking Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "On Generation and Corruption [ŋO  n=  Ge  ne  ra  ti  ŋo  n=  ŋa  n=  d=  Co  r=  ru  p=  ti  ŋo  n=]/+bp"   or   "Meteorology [Me  te  ŋo  ro  lo  g=  y=]/+cp"  or  "On Universe [ŋO  n=  ŋU  ni  ve  r=  se]/+bp/Ch"   or   "On Soul [ŋO  n=  So  ŋu  l=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

The Parva Naturalia ("Little Physical Treatises"):
(436a) Sense and Sensibilia (or De Sensu et Sensibilibus)
(449b) On Memory (or De Memoria et Reminiscentia)
(453b) On Sleep (or De Somno et Vigilia)
(458a) On Dreams (or De Insomniis)
(462b) On Divination in Sleep (or De Divinatione per Somnum)
(464b) On Length and Shortness of Life (or De Longitudine et Brevitate Vitae)
(467b) On Youth, Old Age, Life and Death, and Respiration (or De Juventute et Senectute, De Vita et Morte, De Respiratione)
(481a) On Breath** (or De Spiritu)
(486a) History of Animals (or Historia Animalium)
(639a) Parts of Animals (or De Partibus Animalium)
(698a) Movement of Animals (or De Motu Animalium)
(704a) Progression of Animals (or De Incessu Animalium)
(715a) Generation of Animals (or De Generatione Animalium)
(791a) On Colors** (or De Coloribus)
(800a) On Things Heard** (or De audibilibus)
(805a) Physiognomonics** (or Physiognomonica)
(815a) On Plants** (or De Plantis)
(830a) On Marvellous Things Heard** (or De mirabilibus auscultationibus)
(847a) Mechanics** (or Mechanica)
(859a) Problems* (or Problemata)
(968a) On Indivisible Lines** (or De Lineis Insecabilibus)
(973a) The Situations and Names of Winds** (or Ventorum Situs)
(974a) On Melissus, Xenophanes, and Gorgias**

*       While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Sense and Sensibilia [Se  n=  se  ŋa  n=  d=  Se  n=  si  bi  l=  i=  ŋa]/+bp"   or   "On Memory [ŋO  n=  Me  mo  r=  y=]/+cp"  or  "On Sleep [ŋO  n=  S=  le  ŋe  p=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "On Dreams [ŋO  n=  D=  re  ŋa  m=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "On Divination in Sleep [ŋO  n=  Di  vi  na  ti  ŋo  n=  ŋi  n=  S=  le  ŋe  p=]/+bp"   or   "On Length and Shortness of Life [ŋO  n=  Le  n=  g=  t=  h=  ŋa  n=  d=  S=  ho  r=  t=  ne  s=  s=  ŋo  f=  Li  fe]/+cp"  or  "On Youth, Old Age, Life and Death, and Respiration [ŋO  n=  Yo  ŋu  t=  h=,  ŋO  l=  d=  ŋA  ge,  Li  fe  ŋa  n=  d=  De  ŋa  t=  h=,  ŋa  n=  d=  Re  s=  pi  ra  ti  ŋo  n=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "On Breath [ŋO  n=  B=  re  ŋa  t=  h=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/황해-도 [hwaŋ  h  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "History of Animals [Hi  s=  to  r=  y=  ŋo  f=  ŋA  ni  ma  l=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Parts of Animals [Pa  r=  t=  s=  ŋo  f=  ŋA  ni  ma  l=  s=]/+cp"  or  "Movement of Animals [Mo  ve  me  n=  t=  ŋo  f=  ŋA  ni  ma  l=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Progression of Animals [P=  ro  g=  re  s=  si  ŋo  n=  ŋo  f=  ŋA  ni  ma  l=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Generation of Animals [Ge  ne  ra  ti  ŋo  n=  ŋo  f=  ŋA  ni  ma  l=  s=]/+bp"   or   "On Colors [ŋO  n=  Co  lo  r=  s=]/+cp"  or  "On Things Heard [ŋO  n=  T=  hi  n=  g=  s=  He  ŋa  r=  d=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Physiognomonics [P=  h=  y=  si  ŋo  g=  no  mo  ni  c=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "On Plants [ŋO  n=  P=  la  n=  t=  s=]/+bp"   or   "On Marvellous Things Heard [ŋO  n=  Ma  r=  ve  l=  lo  ŋu  s=  T=  hi  n=  g=  s=  He  ŋa  r=  d=]/+cp"  or  "Mechanics [Me  c=  ha  ni  c=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Problems [P=  ro  b=  le  m=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "On Indivisible [ŋO  n=  ŋI  n=  di  vi  si  b=  le]/+bp"   or   "Situations and Names of Winds [Si  tu  ŋa  ti  ŋo  n=  s=  ŋa  n=  d=  Na  me  s=  ŋo  f=  Wi  n=  d=  s=]/+cp"  or  "On Melissus, Xenophanes, and Gorgias [ŋO  n=  Me  li  s=  su  s=,  Xe  no  p=  ha  ne  s=,  ŋa  n=  d=  Go  r=  gi  ŋa  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Metaphysics [Me  ta  p=  h=  y=  si  c=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Metaphysics
(980a) Metaphysics (or Metaphysica)

Ethics and politics
(1094a) Nicomachean Ethics (or Ethica Nicomachea)
(1181a) Magna Moralia* ("Great Ethics")
(1214a) Eudemian Ethics (or Ethica Eudemia)
(1249a) On Virtues and Vices** (or De Virtutibus et Vitiis Libellus)
(1252a) Politics (or Politica)
(1343a) Economics* (or Oeconomica)

*       While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Nicomachean Ethics [Ni  co  ma  c=  he  ŋa  n=  ŋE  t=  hi  c=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Magna Moralia [Ma  g=  na  Mo  ra  li  ŋa]/+cp"  or  "Eudemian Ethics [ŋE  ŋu  de  mi  ŋa  n=  ŋE  t=  hi  c=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "On Virtues and Vices [ŋO  n=  Vi  r=  tu  ŋe  s=  ŋa  n=  d=  Vi  ce  s=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Politics [Po  li  ti  c=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Economics [ŋE  co  no  mi  c=  s=]/+cp"  or  "Rhetoric [R=  he  to  ri  c=]/+bp/Ch"   or   "Rhetoric to Alexander [R=  he  to  ri  c=  to  ŋA  le  xa  n=  de  r=]/+cp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Rhetoric and poetics
(1354a) Rhetoric (or Ars Rhetorica)
(1420a) Rhetoric to Alexander** (or Rhetorica ad Alexandrum)
(1447a) Poetics (or Ars Poetica)

*       While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "장아함경 [zaŋ  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 長阿含經"   from Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Poetics [Po  ŋe  ti  c=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Constitution of Athenians [Co  n=  s=  ti  tu  ti  ŋo  n=  ŋo  f=  ŋA  t=  he  ni  ŋa  n=  s=]/+cp"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Aristotelian works lacking Bekker numbersThe Constitution of the Athenians
The Constitution of the Athenians (or Athenaiōn Politeia) was not included in Bekker's edition, because it was first edited in 1891 from papyrus rolls acquired in 1890 by the British Museum. The standard reference to it is by section (and subsection) numbers.



Parmenides
*        While taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Chinese speaking posture,     "Parmenides [Pa  r=  me  ni  de  s=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Parmenides ,  

"Eleatic school"                          (P/S + armenides/P)                           Parmenides



Democritus
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Democritus ,  
Full name Democritus
Born ca. 460 BC
Abdera, Thrace
Died ca. 370 BC (Aged 90)
Influenced by
Leucippus, Melissus of Samos
Influenced
Epicurus, Pyrrho, Lucretius, Santayana, Aristotle

*        While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak) "Buddha" or "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)  or  "Washington"  from Japanese /E speaking posture,     "Democritus [De  mo  c=  ri  tu  s=]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

"BC 460"                            (D/C2 + emocritus/P)/+bp                          Democritus
"Abdera, Thrace"                        (D/C2 + emocritus/P)/Ch                       Democritus

"BC 370"                            (D/C2 + emocritus/P)/+cp                          Democritus

Works

Ethics
Pythagoras
On the Disposition of the Wise Man
On the Things in Hades
Tritogenia
On Manliness or On Virtue
The Horn of Amaltheia
On Contentment
Ethical Commentaries

*       While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect)  speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Pythagoras [P=  y=  t=  ha  go  ra  s=]/+cp"   or   "On Wise Man's Disposition [ŋO  n=  Wi  se  Ma  n='  s=  Di  s=  po  si  ti  ŋo  n=]/+bp"   or   "On Things in Hades [ŋO  n=  T=  hi  n=  g=  s=  ŋi  n=  Ha  de  s=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "Tritogenia [T=  ri  to  ge  ni  ŋa]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "On Manliness or On Virtue [ŋO  n=  Ma  n=  li  ne  s=  s=  ŋo  r=  ŋO  n=  Vi  r=  tu  ŋe]/+cp"   or   "Horn of Amaltheia [Ho  r=  n=  ŋo  f=  ŋA  ma  l=  t=  he  ŋi  ŋa]/+bp"   or   "On Contentment [ŋO  n=  Co  n=  te  n=  t=  me  n=  t=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "Ethical Commentaries [ŋE  t  hi  ca  l=  Co  m=  me  n=  ta  ri  ŋe  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Natural science
The Great World-ordering (may have been written by Leucippus)
Cosmography
On the Planets
On Nature
On the Nature of Man or On Flesh (two books)
On the Mind
On the Senses
On Flavours
On Colours
On Different Shapes
On Changing Shape
Buttresses
On Images
On Logic (three books)

*       While taking Korea/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Great World-ordering [G=  re  ŋa  t=  Wo  r=  l=  d=  ŋo  r=  de  ri  n=  g=]/+cp"   or   "Cosmography [Co  s=  mo  g=  ra  p=  h=  y=]/+bp"   or   "On Planets [ŋO  n=  P=  la  ne  t=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "On Nature [ŋO  n=  Na  tu  re]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "On Nature of Man or On Flesh [ŋO  n=  Na  tu  re  ŋo  f=  Ma  n=  ŋo  r=  ŋO  n=  F=  le  s=  h=]/+cp"   or   "On Nature of Man or On Flesh [ŋO  n=  Na  tu  re  ŋo  f=  Ma  n=  ŋo  r=  ŋO  n=  F=  le  s=  h=]/+bp"   or   "On Mind [ŋO  n=  Mi  n=  d=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "On Senses [ŋO  n=  Se  n=  se  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/강원-도 [gaŋ  wΛn  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "On Flavours [ŋO  n=  F=  la  vo  ŋu  r=  s=]/+cp"   or   "On Colours [ŋO  n=  Co  lo  ŋu  r=  s=]/+bp"   or   "On Different Shapes [ŋO  n=  Di  f=  fe  re  n=  t=  S=  ha  pe  s=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "On Changing Shape [ŋO  n=  C=  ha  n=  gi  n=  g=  S=  ha  pe]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Buttresses [Bu  t=  t=  re  s=  se  s=]/+cp"   or   "On Images [ŋO  n=  ŋI  ma  ge  s=]/+bp"   or   "On (Λn) Logic [ŋO  n=  Lo  gi  c=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "On Logic [ŋO  n=  Lo  gi  c=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "(w)On Logic [ŋO  n=  Lo  gi  c=]/+cp"   or   "Heavenly Causes [He  ŋa  ve  n=  l=  y=  Ca  ŋu  se  s=]/+bp"   or   "Atmospheric Causes [ŋA  t=  mo  s=  p=  he  ri  c=  Ca  ŋu  se  s=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "Terrestrial Causes [Te  r=  re  s=  t=  ri  ŋa  l=  Ca  ŋu  se  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Nature
Heavenly Causes
Atmospheric Causes
Terrestrial Causes
Causes Concerned with Fire and Things in Fire
Causes Concerned with Sounds
Causes Concerned with Seeds and Plants and Fruits
Causes Concerned with Animals (three books)
Miscellaneous Causes
On Magnets

*       While taking Korea/황해-도 [hwaŋ  h  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Causes Concerned with Fire and Things in Fire [Ca  ŋu  se  s=  Co  n=  ce  r=  ne  d=  wi  t=  h=  Fi  re  ŋa  n=  d=  T=  hi  n=  g=  s=  ŋi  n=  Fi  re]/+cp"   or   "Causes Concerned with Sounds [Ca  ŋu  se  s=  Co  n=  ce  r=  ne  d=  wi  t=  h=  So  ŋu  n=  d=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Causes Concerned with Seeds and Plants and Fruits [Ca  ŋu  se  s=  Co  n=  ce  r=  ne  d=  wi  t=  h=  Se  ŋe  d=  s=  ŋa  n=  d=  P=  la  n=  t=  s=  ŋa  n=  d=  F=  ru  ŋi  t=  s=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "Causes Concerned with Animals [Ca  ŋu  se  s=  Co  n=  ce  r=  ne  d=  wi  t=  h=  ŋA  ni  ma  l=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Causes Concerned with Animals [Ca  ŋu  se  s=  Co  n=  ce  r=  ne  d=  wi  t=  h=  ŋA  ni  ma  l=  s=]/+cp"   or   "Causes Concerned with Animals [Ca  ŋu  se  s=  Co  n=  ce  r=  ne  d=  wi  t=  h=  ŋA  ni  ma  l=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Miscellaneous Causes [Mi  s=  ce  l=  la  ne  ŋo  ŋu  s=  Ca  ŋu  se  s=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "On Magnets [ŋO  n=  Ma  g=  ne  t=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Mathematics
On Different Angles or On contact of Circles and Spheres
On Geometry
Geometry
Numbers
On Irrational Lines and Solids (two books)
Planispheres
On the Great Year or Astronomy (a calendar)
Contest of the Waterclock
Description of the Heavens
Geography
Description of the Poles
Description of Rays of Light

*       While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);  if articulating (or trying to speak)  "증일아함경 [z=ŋ
 ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"  from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,  "On Different Angles or On contact of Circles
and Spheres [ŋO  n=  Di  f=  fe  re  n=  t=  ŋA  n=  g=  le  s=  ŋo  r=  ŋO  n=  co  n=  ta  c=  t=  ŋo  f=  Ci  r=  
c=  le  s=  ŋa  n=  d=  S=  p=  he  re  s=]/+cp"  or  "On Geometry [ŋO  n=  Ge  ŋo  me  t=  r=  y=]/+bp"  or  
"Geometry [Ge  ŋo  me  t=  r=  y=]/+cp/Ch"  or  "Numbers [Nu  m=  be  r=  s=]/+bp/Ch"  is metaphthong/MPh
pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [g  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "On Irrational Lines and Solids [ŋO  n=  ŋO  n=  ŋI  r=  ra  ti  ŋo  na  l=  Li  ne  s=  ŋa  n=  d=  So  li  d=  s=]/+cp"   or   "On Irrational Lines and Solids [ŋO  n=  ŋO  n=  ŋI  r=  ra  ti  ŋo  na  l=  Li  ne  s=  ŋa  n=  d=  So  li  d=  s=]/+bp"   or   " Planispheres [P=  la  ni  s=  p=  he  re  s=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "On Great Year or Astronomy [ŋO  n=  G=  re  ŋa  t=  Ye  ŋa  r=  ŋo  r=  ŋA  s=  t=  ro  no  m=  y=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Contest of Waterclock [Co  n=  te  s=  t=  ŋo  f=  Wa  te  r=  c=  lo  c=  k=]/+cp"   or   "Description of Heavens [De  s=  c=  ri  p=  ti  ŋo  n=  ŋo  f=  He  ŋa  ve  n=  s=]/+bp"   or   "Geography [Ge  ŋo  g=  ra  p=  h=  y=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "Description of Poles [De  s=  c=  ri  p=  ti  ŋo  n=  ŋo  f=  Po  le  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Description of Rays of Light [De  s=  c=  ri  p=  ti  ŋo  n=  ŋo  f=  Ra  y=  s=  ŋo  f=  Li  g=  h=  t=]/+cp"   or   "On Rhythms and Harmony [ŋO  n=  R=  h=  y=  t=  h=  m=  s=  ŋa  n=  d=  Ha  r=  mo  n=  y=]/+bp"   or   "On Poetry [ŋO  n=  Po  ŋe  t=  r=  y=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "On Beauty of Verses [ŋO  n=  Be  ŋa  ŋu  t=  y=  ŋo  f=  Ve  r=  se  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Literature
On the Rhythms and Harmony
On Poetry
On the Beauty of Verses
On Euphonious and Harsh-sounding Letters
On Homer
On Song
On Verbs
Names

*       While taking Korea/황해-도 [hwaŋ  h  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "On Euphonious and Harsh-sounding Letters [ŋO  n=  ŋE  ŋu  p=  ho  ni  ŋo  ŋu  s=  ŋa  n=  d=  Ha  r=  s=  h=- so  ŋu  n=  di  n=  g=  Le  t=  te  r=  s=]/+cp"   or   "On Homer [ŋO  n=  Ho  me  r=]/+bp"   or   "On Song [ŋO  n=  So  n=  g=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "On Verbs [ŋO  n=  Ve  r=  b=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/강원-도 [gaŋ  wΛn  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Names [Na  me  s=]/+cp"   or   "Prognosis [P=  ro  g=  no  si  s=]/+bp"   or   "On Diet [ŋO  n=  Di  ŋe  t=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "Medical Judgment [Me  di  ca  l=  Ju  d=  g=  me  n=  t=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Technical works
Prognosis
On Diet
Medical Judgment
Causes Concerning Appropriate and Inappropriate Occasions
On Farming
On Painting
Tactics
Fighting in Armor

*       While taking Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Causes Concerning Appropriate and Inappropriate Occasions [Ca  ŋu  se  s=  Co  n=  ce  r=  ni  n=  g= ŋA  p=  p=  ro  p=  ri  ŋa  te  ŋa  n=  d=  ŋI  na  p=  p=  ro  p=  ri  ŋa  te  ŋO  c=  ca  si  ŋo  n=  s=]/+cp"   or   "On Farming [ŋO  n=  Fa  r=  mi  n=  g=]/+bp"   or   "On Painting [ŋO  n=  Pa  ŋi  n=  ti  n=  g=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "Tactics [Ta  c=  ti  c=  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "Fighting in Armor [Fi  g=  h=  ti  n=  g=  ŋi  n=  ŋA  r=  mo  r=]/+cp"   or   "On Sacred Writings of Babylon [ŋO  n=  Sa  c=  re  d=  W=  ri  ti  n=  g=  s=  ŋo  f=  Ba  b=  y=  lo  n=]/+bp"   or   "On Those in Meroe [ŋO  n=  T=  ho  se  ŋi  n=  Me  ro  ŋe]/+cp/Ch"   or  "Circumnavigation of Ocean [Ci  r=  cu  m=  na  vi  ga  ti  ŋo  n=  ŋo  f=  ŋO  ce  ŋa  n=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Commentaries
On the Sacred Writings of Babylon
On Those in Meroe
Circumnavigation of the Ocean
On History
Chaldaean Account
Phrygian Account
On Fever and Coughing Sicknesses
Legal Causes
Problems[42]

*       While taking Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Korea/Seoul /S speaking posture,     "On History [ŋO  n=  Hi  s=  to  r=  y=]/+cp"   or   "Chaldaean Account [C=  ha  l=  da  ŋe  ŋa  n=  ŋA  c=  co  ŋu  n=  t=]/+bp"   or   "Phrygian Account [P=  h=  r=  y=  gi  ŋa  n=  ŋA  c=  co  ŋu  n=  t=]/+cp/Ch"   or  "On Fever and Coughing Sicknesses [ŋO  n=  Fe  ve  r=  ŋa  n=  d=  Co  ŋu  g=  hi  n=  g=  Si  c=  k=  ne  s=  se  s=]/+bp/Ch"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*       While taking Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "증일아함경 [z=ŋ  ŋil  ŋa  ham  gyΛŋ], 增壹阿含经"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Legal Causes [Le  ga  l=  Ca  ŋu  se  s=]/+cp"   or   "Problems [P=  ro  b=  le  m=  s=]/+bp"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.



Alexander the Great
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Alexander+the+Great ,    

Born                20 or 21 July 356 BC
Birthplace Pella, Macedon
Died                10 or 11 June 323 BC (aged 32)
Place of death Babylon

"BC 356"                        ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/C2)/abT/Ch/+bp                       Alexander
July                             ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/C2)/abT/Ch/+cp                       Alexander

"20th"                           ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/C1)/abT/Ch/+bp                       Alexander
"21st"                           ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/C1)/abT/Ch/+cp                       Alexander

Pella                         ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/S)/Ch/+bp                       Alexander
Macedon                     ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/S)/Ch/+cp                       Alexander


"BC 323"                        ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/C2)/abT/+bp                       Alexander
June                             ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/C2)/abT/+cp                       Alexander

"10th"                        ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/C1)/abT/+bp                       Alexander
"11th"                         ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/C1)/abT/+cp                       Alexander

Babylon                             ([ŋ=  w=]/P + Alexander/S)                         Alexander

Wives       Roxana of Bactria,   Stateira II of Persia,    Parysatis II of Persia

"Roxana of Bactria"                         ([ŋ=  w=]/P + "Alexander's wife"/C1)/abT/+cp                       "Alexander's wife"
"Stateira II of Persia"                       ([ŋ=  w=]/P + "Alexander's wife"/C1)/abT/+bp                       "Alexander's wife"
"Parysatis II of Persia"                       ([ŋ=  w=]/P + "Alexander's wife"/C1)/abT/Ch                       "Alexander's wife"

Father              Philip II of Macedon
Mother             Olympias of Epirus

"Philip II of Macedon"                         ([ŋ=  w=]/S + "Alexander's father"/P)                       "Alexander's father"
"Roxana of Bactria"                         ([ŋ=  w=]/P + "Alexander's mother"/C1)/abT                       "Alexander's mother"

Aristotle                          ([ŋ=  w=]/S + "Alexander's teacher"/P)                       "Alexander's teacher"

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DATE: 2011.05.04 - 23:21

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