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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | main | Kor | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics, brd2 :::


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Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   >> Pascal's  'Lettres provinciales',  'De Esprit géométrique'  &  Pensées;          Vitruvius' "De Architectura"
>>     Phonetic correspondence   between Blaise Pascal's "Lettres provinciales"    and Homer's Iliad

"Lettres provinciales"                (Bl/T + "-aise Pascal's work"/C2)                 "Blaise Pascal's work"
"Lettres provinciales"                     ([ŋ=  y=]/T + Iliad/C2)                        Iliad


http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/p/pascal/blaise/ ,  
http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/p/pascal/blaise/p27pr/complete.html ,  

The Provincial Letters
by
Blaise Pascal
translated by Thomas M’Crie
eBooks@Adelaide
2010

Table of Contents
Letter I
Letter II
Reply of the “provincial” to the First Two Letters of His Friend
Letter III
Letter IV
Letter V
Letter VI
Letter VII
Letter VIII
Letter IX
Letter X
Letter XI
Letter XII
Letter XIII
Letter XIV
Letter XV
Letter XVI
Letter XVII
Letter XVIII
Letter XIX Fragment of a Nineteenth Provincial Letter,

Letter I
Paris, January 23, 1656

SIR,

We were entirely mistaken. It was only yesterday that I was undeceived. Until that time I had laboured under the impression that the disputes in the Sorbonne were vastly important, and deeply affected the interests of religion. The frequent convocations of an assembly so illustrious as that of the Theological Faculty of Paris, attended by so many extraordinary and unprecedented circumstances, led one to form such high expectations that it was impossible to help coming to the conclusion that the subject was most extraordinary. You will be greatly surprised, however, when you learn from the following account the issue of this grand demonstration, which, having made myself perfectly master of the subject, I shall be able to tell you in very few words.

Two questions, then, were brought under examination; the one a question of fact, the other a question of right.

The question of fact consisted in ascertaining whether M. Arnauld was guilty of presumption, ~ ~


Iliad

CONTENTS.
BOOK I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. XI. XII.
BOOK XIII. XIV. XV. XVI. XVII. XVIII. XIX. XX. XXI. XXII. XXIII. XXIV.

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/16452/16452-h/16452-h.htm ,  
BOOK I.

Achilles sing, O Goddess! Peleus' son;
His wrath pernicious, who ten thousand woes
Caused to Achaia's host, sent many a soul
Illustrious into Ades premature,
And Heroes gave (so stood the will of Jove)5
To dogs and to all ravening fowls a prey,
When fierce dispute had separated once
The noble Chief Achilles from the son
Of Atreus, Agamemnon, King of men.

Who them to strife impell'd? What power divine?10
Latona's son and Jove's.[1] For he, incensed
004 Against the King, a foul contagion raised
In all the host, and multitudes destroy'd,
For that the son of Atreus had his priest
Dishonored, Chryses. To the fleet he came15
Bearing rich ransom glorious to redeem
His daughter, and his hands charged with the wreath
And golden sceptre[2] of the God shaft-arm'd. ~ ~



"Letter I/one"                           (B/T + "-OOK I"/C2)                         "BOOK I/one"

"Letter II"                               (B/T + "-OOK II"/C2)                           "BOOK II"
"Reply of “provincial” to First Two Letters of His Friend"                (B/T + "-OOK II"/C2)/Ch                "BOOK II"

"Letter III"                              (B/T + "-OOK III"/C2)                          "BOOK III"
"Letter IV"                               (B/T + "-OOK IV"/C2)                           "BOOK IV"
"Letter V"                               (B/T + "-OOK V"/C2)                           "BOOK V"
~
"Letter XVIII"                         (B/T + "-OOK XVIII"/C2)                        "BOOK XVIII"

"Letter XIX"                            (B/T + "-OOK XIX"/C2)                          "BOOK XIX"
"Fragment of Nineteenth Provincial Letter"                 (B/T + "-OOK XIX"/C2)/Ch                "BOOK XIX"

1.
Paris                        ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "Achilles sing"/C2)                        "Achilles sing"

2.
"January 23"                     ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "O Goddess"/C2)                      "O Goddess"

3.
"1656"                                (P/T + "-eleus' son"/C2)                         "Peleus' son"

4.
SIR                      (H/T + "-is wrath pernicious"/C2)                    "His wrath pernicious"

5.
"We were entirely mistaken"                  (wh/T + "-o ten thousand woes Caused to Achaia's host"/C2)                  "who ten thousand woes Caused to Achaia's host"

6.         sent many a soul Illustrious into Ades premature

"It was only yesterday that I was undeceived"                  (s/T + "-ent many soul Illustrious into Ades premature"/C2)                  "sent many soul Illustrious into Ades premature"

7. Until that time I had laboured under the impression that the disputes in the Sorbonne were vastly important

"Until that time I had laboured under impression that disputes in Sorbonne were vastly important"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "And Heroes gave"/C2)                "And Heroes gave"

8.          so stood the will of Jove --- and deeply affected the interests of religion

"and deeply affected interests of religion"                  (s/T + "-o stood will of Jove"/C2)                  "so stood will of Jove"

9. To dogs and to all ravening fowls a prey --- The frequent convocations of an assembly so illustrious as that of the Theological Faculty of Paris

"frequent convocations of assembly so illustrious as that of Theological Faculty of Paris"                  (T/T + "-o dogs and to all ravening fowls prey"/C2)                  "To dogs and to all ravening fowls prey"

10. When fierce dispute had separated once The noble Chief Achilles from the son Of Atreus

"attended by so many extraordinary and unprecedented circumstances"                  (Wh/T + "-en fierce dispute had separated once noble Chief Achilles from son Of Atreus"/C2)                  "When fierce dispute had separated once noble Chief Achilles from son Of Atreus"

11. led one to form such high expectations that it was impossible to help coming to the conclusion that the subject was most extraordinary

"led one to form such high expectations that it was impossible to help coming to conclusion that subject was most extraordinary"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + Agamemnon/C2)                  Agamemnon

12.
"You will be greatly surprised"                  (K/T + "-ing of men"/C2)                  "King of men"

13.
however                   (Wh/T + "-o them to strife impell'd"/C2)                  "Who them to strife impell'd"

14.            when you learn from the following account the issue of this grand demonstration

"when you learn from following account issue of this grand demonstration"                  (Wh/T + "-at power divine"/C2)                  "What power divine"

15.
which                  (L/T + "-atona's son and Jove's"/C2)                  "Latona's son and Jove's"

16.               having made myself perfectly master of the subject

"having made myself perfectly master of subject"                  (F/T + "-or he"/C2)                  "For he"

17.              incensed Against the King

"I shall be able to tell you in very few words"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "incensed Against King"/C2)                  "incensed Against King"

18.               a foul contagion raised In all the host

"Two questions"                  (f/T + "-oul contagion raised In all host"/C2)                  "foul contagion raised In all host"

19.
then                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "and multitudes destroy'd"/C2)                  "and multitudes destroy'd"

20.        For that the son of Atreus had his priest Dishonored

"were brought under examination"                  (F/T + "-or that son of Atreus had his priest Dishonored"/C2)                  "For that son of Atreus had his priest Dishonored"

21.               the one a question of fact

"one question of fact"                         (Chrys/T + es/C2)                         Chryses

22. To the fleet he came15 Bearing rich ransom glorious to redeem His daughter --- the other a question of right

"other question of right"                  (T/T + "-o fleet he came Bearing rich ransom glorious to redeem His daughter"/C2)                  "To fleet he came Bearing rich ransom glorious to redeem His daughter"

23. and his hands charged with the wreath And golden sceptre[2] of the God shaft-arm'd --- The question of fact consisted in ascertaining whether M. Arnauld was guilty of presumption

"question of fact consisted in ascertaining whether M. Arnauld was guilty of presumption"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "and his hands charged with wreath And golden sceptre of God shaft-arm'd"/C2)                  "and his hands charged with wreath And golden sceptre of God shaft-arm'd"

Et cetera.



>>     Phonetic correspondence   between Blaise Pascal's "De Esprit géométrique"    and Homer's Odyssey



"De Esprit géométrique"                (B/C1 + "-laise Pascal's work"/P)                 "Blaise Pascal's work"

"De Esprit géométrique"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/C1 + Odyssey/P)                   Odyssey


http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/p/pascal/blaise/geom/complete.html ,  

Of the Geometrical Spirit
by
Blaise Pascal
Translated by O.W. Wright
eBooks@Adelaide
2009

Minor Works. The Harvard Classics. 1909–14.

Of the Geometrical Spirit
WE may have three principal objects in the study of truth: one to discover it when it is sought; another to demonstrate it when it is possessed; and a third, to discriminate it from the false when it is examined.

I do not speak of the first; I treat particularly of the second, and it includes the third. For if we know the method of proving the truth, we shall have, at the same time, that of discriminating it, since, in examining whether the proof that is given of it is in conformity with the rules that are understood, we shall know whether it is exactly demonstrated.

Geometry, which excels in these three methods, has explained the art of discovering unknown truths; this it is which is called analysis, and of which it would be useless to discourse after the many excellent works that have been written on it.

That of demonstrating truths already found, ~ ~


http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/26275 ,  
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/26275/ ,  
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/26275/26275-8.txt ,  

By Denton J. Snider,    Denton Jaques Snider
I.
The Goddess Pallas has already come down to Ithaca and stands among the
suitors. She has taken the form of Mentes, the King of a neighboring
tribe; she is in disguise as she usually is when she appears on earth.
Who will recognize her? Not the suitors; they can see no God in their
condition, least of all, the Goddess of Wisdom. "Telemachus was much
the first to observe her;" why just he? The fact is he was ready to see
her, and not only to see her, but to hear what she had to say. "For he
sat among the suitors grieved in heart, seeing his father in his mind's
eye," like Hamlet just before the latter saw the ghost. So careful is
the poet to prepare both sides--the divine epiphany, and the mortal who
is to behold it. ~ ~

"De Esprit géométrique"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/C1 + Odyssey/P)                   Odyssey

1.               WE may have three principal objects in the study of truth

"WE may have three principal objects in study of truth"                  (B/C1 + "-ook first"/P)                   "Book first"

2.            The Goddess Pallas has already come down to Ithaca and stands among the suitors

"one to discover it when it is sought"                  (G/C1 + "-oddess Pallas has already come down to Ithaca and stands among suitors"/P)                   "Goddess Pallas has already come down to Ithaca and stands among suitors"

3.                  She has taken the form of Mentes

"another to demonstrate it when it is possessed"                  (Sh/C1 + "-e has taken form of Mentes"/P)                   "She has taken form of Mentes"

4.             the King of a neighboring tribe

"and third"                  (K/C1 + "-ing of neighboring tribe"/P)                   "King of neighboring tribe"

5.               to discriminate it from the false when it is examined

"to discriminate it from false when it is examined"                  (sh/C1 + "-e is in disguise as she usually is when she appears on earth"/P)                   "she is in disguise as she usually is when she appears on earth"

6.               I do not speak of the first

"I do not speak of first"                  (Wh/C1 + "-o will recognize her"/P)                   "Who will recognize her"

7.               Not the suitors --- I treat particularly of the second

"I treat particularly of second"                  (N/C1 + "-ot suitors"/P)                   "Not suitors"

8.                   and it includes the third

"and it includes third"                  (th/C1 + "-ey can see no God in their condition"/P)                   "they can see no God in their condition"

9.                  For if we know the method of proving the truth

"For if we know method of proving truth"                  (l/C1 + "-east of all"/P)                   "least of all"

10.                the Goddess of Wisdom

"we shall have"                  (G/C1 + "oddess of Wisdom"/P)                   "Goddess of Wisdom"

11.             Telemachus was much the first to observe her --- at the same time

"at same time"                  (T/C1 + "-elemachus was much first to observe her"/P)                   "Telemachus was much first to observe her"

12.
"that of discriminating it"                   (why /C1 + "just he"/P)                   "why just he"

13.          The fact is he was ready to see her

since                  (f/C1 + "-act is he was ready to see her"/P)                   "fact is he was ready to see her"

14.      in examining whether the proof that is given of it is in conformity with the rules that are understood

"in examining whether proof that is given of it is in conformity with rules that are understood"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/C1 + "and not only to see her"/P)                   "and not only to see her"

15.
"we shall know whether it is exactly demonstrated"                  (b/C1 + "-ut to hear what she had to say"/P)                   "but to hear what she had to say"

16.              For he sat among the suitors grieved in heart

Geometry                   (F/C1 + "-or he sat among suitors grieved in heart"/P)                   "For he sat among suitors grieved in heart"

17.
"which excels in these three methods"                  (s/C1 + "-eeing his father in his mind's eye"/P)                   "seeing his father in his mind's eye"

18.    like Hamlet just before the latter saw the ghost --- has explained the art of discovering unknown truths

"has explained art of discovering unknown truths"                  (l/C1 + "-ike Hamlet just before latter saw ghost"/P)                   "like Hamlet just before latter saw ghost"

19.              So careful is the poet to prepare both sides

"this it is which is called analysis"                  (S/C1 + "-o careful is poet to prepare both sides"/P)                   "So careful is poet to prepare both sides"

20. the divine epiphany --- and of which it would be useless to discourse after the many excellent works that have been written on it

"and of which it would be useless to discourse after many excellent works that have been written on it"                  (d/C1 + "-ivine epiphany"/P)                   "divine epiphany"

21.                  and the mortal who is to behold it

"That of demonstrating truths already found"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/C1 + "and mortal who is to behold it"/P)                   "and mortal who is to behold it"

Et cetera.



>>     Phonetic correspondence   between Blaise Pascal's "De Esprit géométrique"    and Blaise Pascal's Pensées


Pensées                    (Bl/T + "-aise Pascal's work"/P)                    "Blaise Pascal's work"

Pensées                   (D/T + "-e Esprit géométrique"/P)                  "De Esprit géométrique"


http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/p/pascal/blaise/p27pe/complete.html ,  

Pensées
by
Blaise Pascal
translated by W. F. Trotter
eBooks@Adelaide
2009


Section i
Thoughts on Mind and on Style
1. The difference between the mathematical and the intuitive mind.— In the one, the principles are palpable, but removed from ordinary use; so that for want of habit it is difficult to turn one’s mind in that direction: but if one turns it thither ever so little, one sees the principles fully, and one must have a quite inaccurate mind who reasons wrongly from principles so plain that it is almost impossible they should escape notice.

But in the intuitive mind the principles are found in common use and are before the eyes of everybody. One has only to look, and no effort is necessary; it is only a question of good eyesight, but it must be good, for the principles are so subtle and so numerous that it is almost impossible but that some escape notice. Now the omission of one principle leads to error; thus one must have very clear sight to see all the principles and, in the next place, an accurate mind not to draw false deductions from known principles.

All mathematicians would then be intuitive if they had clear sight, ~ ~


Pensées                   (D/T + "-e Esprit géométrique"/P)                  "De Esprit géométrique"

1.            WE may have three principal objects in the study of truth

"Section i/one"                 (W/T + "-E may have three principal objects in study of truth"/P)                  "WE may have three principal objects in study of truth"

2.
"Thoughts on Mind and on Style"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "one to discover it when it is sought"/P)                  "one to discover it when it is sought"

3.            The difference between the mathematical and the intuitive mind

"difference between mathematical and intuitive mind"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "another to demonstrate it when it is possessed"/P)                  "another to demonstrate it when it is possessed"

4.             and a third --- In the one

"In one"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "and third"/P)                  "and third"

5.             to discriminate it from the false when it is examined --- the principles are palpable

"principles are palpable"                 (t/T + "-o discriminate it from false when it is examined"/P)                  "to discriminate it from false when it is examined"

6.             I do not speak of the first

"but removed from ordinary use"                 ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "I do not speak of first"/P)                  "I do not speak of the first"

7.             I treat particularly of the second

"so that for want of habit it is difficult to turn one’s mind in that direction"                 ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "I treat particularly of second"/P)                  "I treat particularly of second"

8.             and it includes the third

"but if one turns it thither ever so little"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "and it includes third"/P)                  "and it includes third"

9.             For if we know the method of proving the truth --- one sees the principles fully

"one sees principles fully"                 (F/T + "-or if we know method of proving truth"/P)                  "For if we know method of proving truth"

10. and one must have quite inaccurate mind who reasons wrongly from principles so plain that it is almost impossible they should escape notice

"and one must have quite inaccurate mind who reasons wrongly from principles so plain that it is almost impossible they should escape notice"                 (w/T + "-e shall have"/P)                  "we shall have"

11. at the same time --- But in the intuitive mind the principles are found in common use and are before the eyes of everybody

"But in intuitive mind principles are found in common use and are before eyes of everybody"                 ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "at same time"/P)                  "at same time"

12.
"One has only to look"                 (th/T + "-at of discriminating it"/P)                  "that of discriminating it"

13.
"and no effort is necessary"                          (s/T + ince/P)                           since

14. in examining whether the proof that is given of it is in conformity with the rules that are understood --- it is only a question of good eyesight

"it is only question of good eyesight"                 ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "in examining whether proof that is given of it is in conformity with rules that are understood"/P)                  "in examining whether proof that is given of it is in conformity with rules that are understood"

15.
"but it must be good"                 (w/T + "-e shall know whether it is exactly demonstrated"/P)                  "we shall know whether it is exactly demonstrated"

16. for the principles are so subtle and so numerous that it is almost impossible but that some escape notice

"for principles are so subtle and so numerous that it is almost impossible but that some escape notice"                 (G/T + eometry/P)                  Geometry

17.              Now the omission of one principle leads to error

"Now omission of one principle leads to error"                 (wh/T + "-ich excels in these three methods"/P)                  "which excels in these three methods"

18. has explained the art of discovering unknown truths --- thus one must have very clear sight to see all the principles and

"thus one must have very clear sight to see all principles and"                 (h/T + "-as explained art of discovering unknown truths"/P)                  "has explained art of discovering unknown truths"

19.                        in the next place

"in next place"                 (th/T + "-is it is which is called analysis"/P)                  "this it is which is called analysis"

20. and of which it would be useless to discourse after the many excellent works that have been written on it --- an accurate mind not to draw false deductions from known principles

"accurate mind not to draw false deductions from known principles"                 ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "and of which it would be useless to discourse after many excellent works that have been written on it"/P)                  "and of which it would be useless to discourse after many excellent works that have been written on it"

21.
"All mathematicians would then be intuitive if they had clear sight"                 (th/T + "-at of demonstrating truths already found"/P)                  "That of demonstrating truths already found"

Et cetera.



>>     Phonetic correspondence   between  Vitruvius' "De Architectura"    and  Plutarch's "Parallel Lives"

"De Architectura"                  (V/T + "-itruvius' writing"/C1)                  "Vitruvius' writing"

"De Architectura"                  (P/T + "-arallel Lives"/C1)                  "Parallel Lives"


http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Vitruvius/home.html ,    
http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Vitruvius/1*.html ,  

Marcus Vitruvius Pollio:
de Architectura, Book I
Preface
1. Whilst, O Cæsar, your god-like mind and genius were engaged in acquiring the dominion of the world, your enemies having been all subdued by your unconquerable valour; whilst the citizens were extolling your victories, and the conquered nations were awaiting your nod; whilst the Roman senate and people, freed from alarm, were enjoying the benefit of your opinions and counsel for their governance; I did not presume, at so unfit a period, to trouble you, thus engaged, with my writings on Architecture, lest I should have incurred your displeasure.

2. When, however, I found that your attention, not exclusively devoted to state affairs, was bestowed on the state of the public buildings, so that the republic was not more indebted to you for its extended empire, in the addition of so many provinces, than for your numerous public buildings by which its grandeur is amply manifested, I considered it right that no time should be lost in laying these precepts before you. My reverence for the memory of your virtuous father, to whom I was well known, and from whom, now a participator in council with the gods, the empire descended to you, has been the cause of your good will towards me. Hence, together with M. Aurelius,a P. Numisius, and Cn. Cornelius, I have been appointed to, and receive the emoluments arising from the care of, the various engines of war which you assigned to me on the recommendation of your sister.

3. As, through your kindness, I have been thus placed beyond the reach of poverty, I think it right to address this treatise to you; and I feel the more induced to do so from your having built, and being still engaged in the erection of, many edifices. It is proper to deliver down to posterity, as a memorial, some account of these your magnificent works. I have therefore given such definite directions for the conduct of works, that those already executed, as well as those hereafter to be constructed, may be by you well known and understood. In the following pages I have developed all the principles of the art.

Chapter 1
1. Architecture is a science arising out of many other sciences, and adorned with much and varied learning; ~ ~



http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/p/plutarch/ ,    
http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/p/plutarch/lives/ ,    
http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/p/plutarch/lives/chapter1.html ,    

Theseus
As geographers, Sosius, crowd into the edges of their maps parts of the world which they do not know about, adding notes in the margin to the effect, that beyond this lies nothing but sandy deserts full of wild beasts, unapproachable bogs, Scythian ice, or a frozen sea, so, in this work of mine, in which I have compared the lives of the greatest men with one another, after passing through those periods which probable reasoning can reach to and real history find a footing in, I might very well say of those that are farther off, Beyond this there is nothing but prodigies and fictions, the only inhabitants are the poets and inventors of fables; there is no credit, or certainty any farther. Yet, after publishing an account of Lycurgus the lawgiver and Numa the king, I thought I might, not without reason, ascend as high as to Romulus, being brought by my history so near to his time.

Considering therefore with myself

Whom shall I set so great a man to face?
Or whom oppose? who’s equal to the place?

(as Aeschylus expresses it), I found none so fit as him that peopled the beautiful and far-famed city of Athens, to be set in opposition with the father of the invincible and renowned city of Rome. Let us hope that Fable may, in what shall follow, so submit to the purifying processes of Reason as to take the character of exact history. In any case, however, where it shall be found contumaciously slighting credibility, and refusing to be reduced to anything like probable fact, we shall beg that we may meet with candid readers, and such as will receive with indulgence the stories of antiquity.

Theseus seemed to me to resemble Romulus in many particulars. Both of them, born out of wedlock and of uncertain parentage, had the repute of being sprung from the gods.

Both warriors; that by all the world’s allowed.

Both of them united with strength of body an equal vigor mind; and of the two most famous cities of the world the one built Rome, and the other made Athens be inhabited. Both stand charged with the rape of women; neither of them could avoid domestic misfortunes nor jealousy at home; but towards the close of their lives are both of them said to have incurred great odium with their countrymen, if, that is, we may take the stories least like poetry as our guide to the truth.

The lineage of Theseus, by his father’s side, ascends as high as to Erechtheus and the first inhabitants of Attica. By his mother’s side he was descended of Pelops. ~ ~


"De Architectura"                    (P/T + "-arallel Lives"/C1)                     "Parallel Lives"

1.
Preface                                 (Th/T + eseus/C1)                                Theseus

"Book I/One"                          (Th/T + eseus/C1)/Ch                             Theseus

2.
Whilst                    ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "As geographers"/C1)                  "As geographers"

1/One                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "As geographers"/C1)/Ch                "As geographers"

3.
"O Cæsar"                              (S/T + osius/C1)                                  Sosius

4. crowd into the edges of their maps parts of the world which they do not know about --- your god-like mind and genius were engaged in acquiring the dominion of the world

"your god-like mind and genius were engaged in acquiring dominion of world"                  (cr/T + "-owd into edges of their maps parts of world which they do not know about"/C1)                 "crowd into edges of their maps parts of world which they do not know about"

5.                  adding notes in the margin to the effect

"your enemies having been all subdued by your unconquerable valour"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "adding notes in margin to effect"/C1)                 "adding notes in margin to effect"

6.                  whilst the citizens were extolling your victories

"whilst citizens were extolling your victories"                  (th/T + "-at beyond this lies nothing but sandy deserts full of wild beasts"/C1)                 "that beyond this lies nothing but sandy deserts full of wild beasts"

7.                  and the conquered nations were awaiting your nod

"and conquered nations were awaiting your nod"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "unapproachable bogs"/C1)                 "unapproachable bogs"

8.                  whilst the Roman senate and people

"whilst Roman senate and people"                  (Scyth/T + "-ian ice"/C1)                 "Scythian ice"

9.                  or a frozen sea

"freed from alarm"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "or frozen sea"/C1)                 "or a frozen sea"

10.              were enjoying the benefit of your opinions and counsel for their governance

"were enjoying benefit of your opinions and counsel for their governance"                  (s/T + o/C1)                  so

11.
"I did not presume"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "in this work of mine"/C1)                 "in this work of mine"

12. in which I have compared the lives of the greatest men with one another --- at so unfit a period

"at so unfit period"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "in which I have compared lives of greatest men with one another"/C1)                 "in which I have compared lives of greatest men with one another"

13. after passing through those periods which probable reasoning can reach to and real history find a footing in

"to trouble you"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "after passing through those periods which probable reasoning can reach to and real history find footing in"/C1)                 "after passing through those periods which probable reasoning can reach to and real history find footing in"

14.
"thus engaged"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "I might very well say of those that are farther off"/C1)                 "I might very well say of those that are farther off"

15.
"with my writings on Architecture"                  (B/T + "-eyond this there is nothing but prodigies and fictions"/C1)                 "Beyond this there is nothing but prodigies and fictions"

16.              the only inhabitants are the poets and inventors of fables

"lest I should have incurred your displeasure"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "only inhabitants are poets and inventors of fables"/C1)                 "only inhabitants are poets and inventors of fables"

17.
When                        (th/T + "-ere is no credit"/C1)                      "there is no credit"

2/Two                      (th/T + "-ere is no credit"/C1)/Ch                    "there is no credit"

18.
however                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "or certainty any farther"/C1)                 "or certainty any farther"

19.
"I found that your attention"                            (Y/T + et/C1)                           Yet

20.            after publishing an account of Lycurgus the lawgiver and Numa the king

"not exclusively devoted to state affairs"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "after publishing account of Lycurgus lawgiver and Numa king"/C1)                 "after publishing account of Lycurgus lawgiver and Numa king"

21.                was bestowed on the state of the public buildings

"was bestowed on state of public buildings"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "I thought I might"/C1)                 "I thought I might"

22.               so that the republic was not more indebted to you for its extended empire

"so that republic was not more indebted to you for its extended empire"                  (n/T + "-ot without reason"/C1)                 "not without reason"

23.                 in the addition of so many provinces

"in addition of so many provinces"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "ascend as high as to Romulus"/C1)                 "ascend as high as to Romulus"

24.
"than for your numerous public buildings by which its grandeur is amply manifested"                   (b/T + "-eing brought by my history so near to his time"/C1)                 "being brought by my history so near to his time"

25.
"I considered it right that no time should be lost in laying these precepts before you"                  (C/T + "-onsidering therefore with myself"/C1)                 "Considering therefore with myself"

26.   Whom shall I set so great a man to face --- My reverence for the memory of your virtuous father

"My reverence for memory of your virtuous father"                  (Wh/T + "-om shall I set so great man to face"/C1)                 "Whom shall I set so great man to face"

27.
"to whom I was well known"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "Or whom oppose"/C1)                 "Or whom oppose"

28.                       who’s equal to the place

"and from whom"                  (wh/T + "-o’s equal to place"/C1)                 "who’s equal to place"

29.                     now a participator in council with the gods

"now participator in council with gods"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "as Aeschylus expresses it"/C1)                 "as Aeschylus expresses it"

30. I found none so fit as him that peopled the beautiful and far-famed city of Athens --- the empire descended to you

"empire descended to you"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "I found none so fit as him that peopled beautiful and far-famed city of Athens"/C1)                 "I found none so fit as him that peopled beautiful and far-famed city of Athens"

31. to be set in opposition with the father of the invincible and renowned city of Rome --- has been the cause of your good will towards me

"has been cause of your good will towards me"                  (t/T + "-o be set in opposition with father of invincible and renowned city of Rome"/C1)                 "to be set in opposition with father of invincible and renowned city of Rome"

32.
Hence                  (L/T + "-et us hope that Fable may"/C1)                 "Let us hope that Fable may"

33.
"together with M"                  ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "in what shall follow"/C1)                 "in what shall follow"

34.      so submit to the purifying processes of Reason as to take the character of exact history

Aurelius                  (s/T + "-o submit to purifying processes of Reason as to take character of exact history"/C1)                 "so submit to purifying processes of Reason as to take character of exact history"

35.
"a P"                            ([ŋ=  y=]/T + "In any case"/C1)                      "In any case"

36.
Numisius                               (h/T + owever/C1)                                  however

37.
"and Cn"                  (wh/T + "-ere it shall be found contumaciously slighting credibility"/C1)                 "where it shall be found contumaciously slighting credibility"

38.
Cornelius                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "and refusing to be reduced to anything like probable fact"/C1)                 "and refusing to be reduced to anything like probable fact"

39.
"I have been appointed to"                  (w/T + "-e shall beg that we may meet with candid readers"/C1)                 "we shall beg that we may meet with candid readers"

40. and such as will receive with indulgence the stories of antiquity --- and receive the emoluments arising from the care of

"and receive emoluments arising from care of"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "and such as will receive with indulgence stories of antiquity"/C1)                 "and such as will receive with indulgence stories of antiquity"

41.      the various engines of war which you assigned to me on the recommendation of your sister

"various engines of war which you assigned to me on recommendation of your sister"                  (Th/T + "-eseus seemed to me to resemble Romulus in many particulars"/C1)                 "Theseus seemed to me to resemble Romulus in many particulars"

42.
As                               (B/T + "-oth of them"/C1)                           "Both of them"

"3/Three"                         (B/T + "-oth of them"/C1)/Ch                      "Both of them"

43.
"through your kindness"                  (b/T + "-orn out of wedlock and of uncertain parentage"/C1)                 "born out of wedlock and of uncertain parentage"

44. had the repute of being sprung from the gods --- I have been thus placed beyond the reach of poverty

"I have been thus placed beyond reach of poverty"                  (h/T + "-ad repute of being sprung from gods"/C1)                 "had repute of being sprung from gods"

45.
"I think it right to address this treatise to you"                  (B/T + "-oth warriors"/C1)                 "Both warriors"

46.        that by all the world’s allowed --- and I feel the more induced to do so from your having built

"and I feel more induced to do so from your having built"                  (th/T + "-at by all world’s allowed"/C1)                 "that by all world’s allowed"

47. Both of them united with strength of body an equal vigor mind --- and being still engaged in the erection of

"and being still engaged in erection of"                  (B/T + "-oth of them united with strength of body equal vigor mind"/C1)                 "Both of them united with strength of body equal vigor mind"

48.             and of the two most famous cities of the world the one built Rome

"many edifices"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "and of two most famous cities of world one built Rome"/C1)                 "and of two most famous cities of world one built Rome"

49.                and the other made Athens be inhabited

"It is proper to deliver down to posterity"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "and other made Athens be inhabited"/C1)                 "and other made Athens be inhabited"

50.                Both stand charged with the rape of women --- as a memorial

"as memorial"                  (B/T + "-oth stand charged with rape of women"/C1)                 "Both stand charged with rape of women"

51.
"some account of these your magnificent works"                  (n/T + "-either of them could avoid domestic misfortunes nor jealousy at home"/C1)                 "neither of them could avoid domestic misfortunes nor jealousy at home"

52. but towards the close of their lives are both of them said to have incurred great odium with their countrymen --- I have therefore given such definite directions for the conduct of works

"I have therefore given such definite directions for conduct of works"                  (b/T + "-ut towards close of their lives are both of them said to have incurred great odium with their countrymen"/C1)                 "but towards close of their lives are both of them said to have incurred great odium with their countrymen"

53.
"that those already executed"                        ([ŋ=  y=]/T + if/C1)                       if

54.
"as well as those hereafter to be constructed"                  (th/T + "-at is"/C1)                 "that is"

55.             we may take stories least like poetry as our guide to truth

"may be by you well known and understood"                  (w/T + "-e may take stories least like poetry as our guide to truth"/C1)                 "we may take stories least like poetry as our guide to the truth"

56.     The lineage of Theseus --- In the following pages I have developed all the principles of the art

"In following pages I have developed all principles of art"                  (l/T + "-ineage of Theseus"/C1)                 "lineage of Theseus"

57.
"Chapter 1"                  ("by h"/T + "-is father’s side"/C1)                 "by his father’s side"

58. ascends as high as to Erechtheus and the first inhabitants of Attica --- Architecture is a science arising out of many other sciences

"Architecture is science arising out of many other sciences"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "-ascends as high as to Erechtheus and first inhabitants of Attica"/C1)                 "ascends as high as to Erechtheus and first inhabitants of Attica"

"1/One"                  ([ŋ=  w=]/T + "-ascends as high as to Erechtheus and first inhabitants of Attica"/C1)/Ch                 "ascends as high as to Erechtheus and first inhabitants of Attica"

59.
"and adorned with much and varied learning"                  ("By h"/T + "-is mother’s side he was descended of Pelops"/C1)                 "By his mother’s side he was descended of Pelops"



>>   (So irregular)  Phonetic correspondence   between  Vitruvius' "De Architectura,  English"    and    Vitruvius' "De Architectura,  Latin"

http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/L/Roman/Texts/Vitruvius/1*.html ,  
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio:
de Architectura, Liber I
Praefatio
 1. Cum divina tua mens et numen, imperator Caesar, imperio potiretur orbis terrarum invictaque virtute cunctis hostibus stratis, triumpho victoriaque tua cives gloriarentur et gentes omnes subactae tuum spectarent nutum populusque Romanus et senatus liberatus timore amplissimis tuis cogitationibus consiliisque gubernaretur, non audebam, tantis occupationibus, de architectura scripta et magnis cogitationibus explicata edere, metuens ne non apto tempore interpellans subirem tui animi offensionem.


1.      Book  >>  (Liber /T)/P
2.      Preface  >>  (Praefatio /T)/P
3.      Whilst  >>  (Cum /P)/GC/S/abT
4.      "O Cæsar"  >>  (divina /C2)/P
5.      your  >>  (tua /T)/P

6.      "god-like mind"  >>  (mens /C2)/GC/S/abT
7.      and  >>  (et /GC/S/abT)/C2
8.      genius  >>  (numen /T)/GC/S/abT
9.      were  >>  (imperator /GC/S/abT)/T
10.      engaged  >>  (Caesar /P)/C2

11.      in  >>  (imperio /P)/C2
12.      acquiring  >>  (potiretur /C2)/GC/S/abT
13.      dominion  >>  (orbis /T)/GC/S/abT
14.       of  >>  (terrarum /C2)/GC/S/abT
15.      world  >>  (invictaque /C2)/T

Et cetera.

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DATE: 2011.07.19 - 22:33

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25Simple viewgrammars:     upenn,    ucla, Y... 2007.11.07
24Simple viewJames Mesbur/upenn Y... 2007.11.07
23Simple viewthe structure/principle of trumpet Y... 2007.11.07
22Simple viewDiaphragm/phonetics Y... 2007.11.07
21Simple viewyale,  purdue,  uchicago,  stanford,  nyu,  umich,  hawaii,  harvard,  uoregon Y... 2007.09.19
20Simple viewLinguistList,    Wikipedia Y... 2007.11.08
19Simple viewNorway; @hf.ntnu, @nor.uib, @iln.uio, @hum.uit, Y... 2007.08.07
18Simple viewFinland; @helsinki, @joensuu, @campus.jyu, @oulu, @uta, @utu, @uwasa, @abo, Y... 2007.08.07
17Simple view@rice.edu, @ku.edu, @byu.edu, @msu.edu, @gsu.edu, @berkeley.edu, Y... 2007.07.19
16Simple view@udel, @ucsc, @mit, @indiana, @mail.utexas, @cornell, Y... 2007.07.02
15Simple view18th International Congress of Linguists Y... 2007.06.18
14Simple view@u.washington ; @u.arizona; @ling.ohio-state  Y... 2007.06.18
13Simple viewCanadian phonetics Y... 2007.06.06
12Simple viewBritish phonetics Y... 2007.05.15
11Simple viewPhonetics, Sweden, uu.se, umu.se, su.se, kth.se, gu.se Y... 2007.05.15
10Simple viewUSC phonetics Y... 2007.04.13
9Simple viewPhonetics of Lund University, Sweden Y... 2007.03.23
8Simple viewUni-Stuttgart.de/phonetik Y... 2007.03.23
7Simple viewPhonetik in Deutschland Y... 2007.05.25
6Simple viewProfessor Wolfgang Hess, Universität Bonn. Y... 2007.08.15
5Simple viewUCLA Phonetics Y... 2007.03.12
4Simple viewChallenge to upenn phonetics/phonology Y... 2007.02.24
3Simple viewWhat kind of response are you expecting? New person/UPenn Y... 2007.02.24
2Simple viewthat of a reasonable academic, UPenn Y... 2007.02.24
1Simple viewUltimate knowledge. UPenn Y... 2007.03.02
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