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(Comparative) study (in structure/mode/ways of pronunciation, articulation, phonetics, or whatever; that is, in differences of speaking mouth postures and resultant speaking weight/force center points) between English/foreign languages and mother tongue, for better (more practical/effective/smooth) hearing/speaking of English/foreign languages.       Copyright.   Young-Won Kim,   yw@voicespec.com
open : home | main | brd2 | book | FUN member : main II | Kor II


::: Comparative phonetics. Korean/한국어 :::


142 11 통계카운터 보기   회원 가입 회원 로그인 관리자 접속 --+
Name   Young-Won Kim
Subject   Phonetic analysis on   Hinduism/Veda/Sanskrit/Prakrit/Zoroaster, Manichaeism/Mani,  Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh
1.                   Etymology
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Hinduism ,    
>>      The word Hindu is derived from the Sanskrit word Sindhu, the historic local appellation for the Indus River in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent.[13] and is first mentioned in the Rig Veda[14]

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "people, men, persons or 사람들 [sa  ram  d=l]"    from Chinese speaking posture,     "Hindu" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*     While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "language/S/+bp or 언어 [ŋΛn  ŋΛ]"   (or   "논어 [non  ŋΛ]; 한글 [han  g=l] /Korean/S; English/P/+bp; Cyril/P/+cp; Phoenician/T; alphabets/S/+cp; pronunciation/S/+bp/Ch; or spelling/T/Ch" or speaking)    from Chinese speaking posture,     "Veda"  (or more correctly "ved-da")  is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Veda"  (or more correctly "ved-da")    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Rig Veda" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


*     While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Veda"  (or more correctly "ved-da")   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Sanskrit" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Sanskrit"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Prakrit" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


>>     The term Hinduism was introduced into the English language in the 19th century to denote the religious, philosophical, and cultural traditions native to India.[20]

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   or   "Buddha"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)   or   "Washington"    from Chinese speaking posture,     "불교 [bul  gyo], Buddhism" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

If articulating (or trying to speak)    "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   or   "Buddha"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)   or   "Washington"    from Korea/Seoul /P speaking posture,     "힌두교 [h=  y=n  du  gyo], Hinduism??" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

Buddhism                           (Buddh/P/Ch + a/S/Ch)                                Buddha

Hinduism                           (Budd/C1/Ch + ha/P/Ch)/abT                           Buddha

Buddhism                           (W/P/Ch + ashington/S/Ch)                         Washington

Hinduism                         (W/C1/Ch + ashington/P/Ch)/abT                     Washington


2.                     History
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Hinduism ,    
>>       The earliest evidence for prehistoric religion in India date back to the late Neolithic in the early Harappan period (5500–2600 BCE).[21][22]    The beliefs and practices of the pre-classical era (1500–500 BCE) are called the "historical Vedic religion".    Modern Hinduism grew out of the Vedas, the oldest of which is the Rigveda, dated to 1700–1100 BCE.[23]     The Vedas center on worship of deities such as Indra, Varuna and Agni, and on the Soma ritual.     Fire-sacrifices, called yajña were performed, and Vedic mantras chanted but no temples or icons were built.[24] The oldest Vedic traditions exhibit strong similarities to Zoroastrianism and other Indo-European religions.[25]

Harappa                           (Pun/S/Ch + jab/P/Ch)                                 Punjab

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "땅 [daŋ], earth/soil"    from Chinese speaking posture,     "Punjab" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*                              Indus >> India /GC/S/Ch/abT

"Mohenjo-Daro"                          (In/S/Ch + dia/P/Ch)                              India

If articulating (or trying to speak)   "신 [sin]"  or  "god"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Indra" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

If articulating (or trying to speak)   "신 [sin]"  or  "god"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "Varuna" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

If articulating (or trying to speak)   "신 [sin]"  or  "god"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Agni" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

If articulating (or trying to speak)   "신 [sin]"  or  "god"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Soma 의식 [ŋ=  y=  sig], ritual" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Indra ,    
>>    the King of the gods or Devas and Lord of Heaven or Svargaloka in Hindu mythology.    He is also the God of War, Storms, and Rainfall.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Indra"   from Chinese /+cp speaking posture,     "신들의-왕 [sin  d=l  ŋ=  y=  waŋ], King of gods" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Indra"   from Chinese /+bp speaking posture,     "전쟁 [zΛn  zæŋ], war" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Indra"   from Chinese /Ch/+bp speaking posture,     "폭풍 [pog  puŋ], storm" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Indra"   from Chinese /Ch/+cp speaking posture,     "강우 [gaŋ  ŋu], rainfall" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Varuna ,  
>>     Varuna (Sanskrit varuṇa वरुण) is a god of the sky, of water and of the celestial ocean, as well as a god of law and of the underworld.

In Hindu mythology, Varuna continued to be considered the god of all forms of the water element, particularly the oceans.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Varuna"   from Chinese /Ch/+cp speaking posture,     "하늘 [ha  n=l], sky" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Varuna"   from Chinese /+cp speaking posture,     "물 [mul], water" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Varuna"   from Chinese /Ch/+bp speaking posture,     "법 [bΛb], law" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Varuna"   from Chinese /+bp speaking posture,     "천체 [cΛn  ce], celestial body" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Varuna"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "저승 [zΛ  s=ŋ], netherworld" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Agni ,  
>>     He is the god of fire[1] and the acceptor of sacrifices. The sacrifices made to Agni go to the deities because Agni is a messenger from and to the other gods.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Agni"   from Japanese /S/+bp/Ch speaking posture,     "불 [b=  w=l], fire" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Agni"   from Japanese /S/+cp/Ch speaking posture,     "저승-사자 [zΛ  s=ŋ  sa  za], messenger to netherworld" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Soma ,  
Soma (Sanskrit सोम sóma), or Haoma (Avestan), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *sauma-, was a ritual drink of importance among the early Indo-Iranians, and the subsequent Vedic and greater Persian cultures. It is frequently mentioned in the Rigveda, whose Soma Mandala contains 114 hymns, many praising its energizing qualities. In the Avesta, Haoma has the entire Yašt 20 and Yasna 9-11 dedicated to it.

If articulating (or trying to speak)   "Soma"    from Japanese /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Haoma" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Soma 의식 [ŋ=  y=  sig], ritual"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Avesta" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>        The major Sanskrit epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata, were compiled over a protracted period during the late centuries BCE and the early centuries CE. They contain mythological stories about the rulers and wars of ancient India, and are interspersed with religious and philosophical treatises.    The later Puranas recount tales about devas and devis, their interactions with humans and their battles against demons.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "불경 [bul  gyΛŋ], Buddhism bible"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Ramayana" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "불경 [bul  gyΛŋ], Buddhism bible"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Mahabharata" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "불경 [bul  gyΛŋ], Buddhism bible"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Purana" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Purana"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "deva" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "deva"    from Chinese speaking posture,     "devi" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>      Three major movements underpinned the naissance of a new epoch of Hindu thought:   the advent and spread of Upanishadic, Jaina, and Buddhist philosophico-religious thought throughout the broader Indian landmass.[26]   Mahavira (24th Tirthankar of Jains) and Buddha (founder of Buddhism) taught that to achieve moksha or nirvana, one did not have to accept the authority of the Vedas or the caste system.    Buddha went a step further and claimed that the existence of a Self/soul or God was unnecessary.[27]    Buddhism peaked during the reign of Asoka the Great of the Mauryan Empire, who unified the Indian subcontinent in the 3rd century BCE.    After 200 CE several schools of thought were formally codified in Indian philosophy, including Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Purva-Mimamsa and Vedanta.[28]     Charvaka, the founder of an atheistic materialist school, came to the fore in North India in the sixth century BCE.[29]     Between 400 BCE and 1000 CE Hinduism expanded at the expense of Buddhism.[30]

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Veda"  (or more correctly "ved-da")    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Upanishad" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Upanishad"   from Chinese /Ch speaking posture,     "Jain" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*                              Hinduism /T/+bp >> Jainism /T/+cp

*                              Jain >> Jaina /GC/S/Ch/abT

*                              Jainism /T/+cp >> Jains /GC/S/abT

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"    or   "Buddha"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)   or   "Washington"   from Japanese /P/+cp/Ch speaking posture,     "Mahavira" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"    or   "Buddha"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)   or   "Washington"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Tirthankar" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Mahavira"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture,     "24번째 [s=  mul  ne  bΛn  zæ], 24th" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "nirvana"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture,     "moksha" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"    or   "Buddha"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)   or   "Washington"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "Asoka" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Asoka"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Mauryan 제국 [ze  gug], Empire" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Asoka"   from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "대왕 [dæ  waŋ], the Great (king)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "대왕 [dæ  waŋ]"    from Chinese speaking posture,     "인도-통일 [ŋin  do  toŋ  ŋil], unification of India"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "인도-통일 [ŋin  do  toŋ  ŋil]"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "2000년 [ŋi  cΛn  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 2000        >>        (2333 - 2000)       >>        BC 3rd century

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "moksha"    from Chinese speaking posture,     "Samkhya"   is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Samkhya"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Yoga" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Yoga"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Nyaya" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Nyaya"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Vaisheshika" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Vaisheshika"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Purva-Mimamsa" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Purva-Mimamsa"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Vedanta" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"    or   "Buddha"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)   or   "Washington"   from Japanese /P/+bp/Ch speaking posture,     "Charvaka" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Charvaka"   from Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "1700년 [cΛn  cil  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 1700        >>        (2333 - 1700)       >>        BC 6th century

>>       Sanskritic culture went into decline after the end of the Gupta period.     The early medieval Puranas helped establish a religious mainstream among the pre-literate tribal societies undergoing acculturation.    The tenets of Brahmanic Hinduism and of the Dharmashastras underwent a radical transformation at the hands of the Purana composers, resulting in the rise of a mainstream "Hinduism" that overshadowed all earlier traditions.[31]

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Asoka"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Gupta" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>           Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva

If articulating (or trying to speak)   "봄 [bom]"  or  "spring"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "Brahma" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

If articulating (or trying to speak)   "가을 [ga  ŋ=l]"  or  "autumn"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Vishnu" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

If articulating (or trying to speak)   "겨울 [gyΛ  ŋul]"  or  "winter"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Shiva" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*                              Brahma >> Brahman /GC/S/abT

*                              Brahman /GC/S/abT >> Brahmin /T

>>      Though Islam came to India in the early 7th century with the advent of Arab traders and the conquest of Sindh, it started to become a major religion during the later Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent.[29]    During this period Buddhism declined rapidly and many Hindus converted to Islam.    Numerous Muslim rulers such as Aurangzeb destroyed Hindu temples and persecuted non-Muslims; however some, such as Akbar, were more tolerant.      Hinduism underwent profound changes, in large part due to the influence of the prominent teachers Ramanuja, Madhva, and Chaitanya.[29]    Followers of the Bhakti movement moved away from the abstract concept of Brahman, which the philosopher Adi Shankara consolidated a few centuries before, with emotional, passionate devotion towards the more accessible avatars, especially Krishna and Rama.[32]

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "India"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Sind(h)" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Sindh"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Aurangzeb" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Aurangzeb"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Akbar" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Akbar"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Ramanuja" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Ramanuja"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Madhvacharya" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*                              Madhvacharya >> Madhva /GC/S/abT

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Madhvacharya"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Chaitanya" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Chaitanya"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Rama bhakti" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*                              "Rama bhakti" >> Ramananda /T

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Rama bhakti"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Adi Shankara" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "신 [sin]"  or  "god"   from Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "avatar" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "avatar"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "Krishna" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Krishna"   from Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "Rama" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


===========



Zoroaster,      Manichaeism/Mani,     Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Zoroaster ,  
>>      Zoroaster (pronounced /ˈzoʊrɵ.æstər/ ZOHR-oh-as-tər; Avestan: Zaraϑuštra; born between the 18th and 10th century BC) was an Iranian [1] (Persian) [2] prophet and philosopher and the founder of Zoroastrianism.   The spelling "Zoroaster" is a Greek derivation from the Avestan.   Zarathushtra (pronounced /ˌzɑrəˈθuːʃtrə/ ZAHR-ə-THOO-shtrə) is a modern rendering of the Avestan pronunciation,[3] though Zarathustra (/ˌzærəˈθuːstrə/ ZARR-ə-THOO-strə) is more commonly used.     In the Middle Persian and modern Persian languages he is called Zartosht (Persian: زرتشت),.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "석가모니 [sΛg  ga  mo  ni]"   or   "Buddha"   (or Siddhārtha Gautama, Siddhattha Gotama   or   Kassapa Buddha    or   revolutionary, pioneer, innovator, groundbreaker, or mastermind)   or   "Washington"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Zoroaster" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*                              Zoroaster >> Zarathustra /T

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "500년 [ŋo  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 500        >>        (2333 - 500)       >>        BC 18th century

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /S/Ch speaking posture,     "1300년 [cΛn  sam  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 1300        >>        (2333 - 1300)       >>        BC 10th century

>>       It is generally thought that Zoroaster lived about the 11th or 10th century BC, though some scholars believe that he lived sometime between 1750 and 1500 BC or between 1400 and 1200 BC.    The traditional Parsi people of Pakistan and India place the Prophet as older than 600 BC.[4]     The hymns attributed to him—the Gathas—are at the liturgical core of Zoroastrianism.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "800년 [pal  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 800        >>        (2333 - 800)       >>        BC 1533

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "900년 [gu  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 900        >>        (2333 - 900)       >>        BC 1433

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "1100년 [cΛn  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 1100        >>        (2333 - 1100)       >>        BC 1233

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Gatha" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


Date
>>      The date of Zoroaster, i.e., the date of composition of the Old Avestan gathas, is unknown. Scholarly mainstream opinion mostly places him near the 11th or 10th century BC, but dates proposed in scholarly literature diverge widely, between the 18th and 6th centuries BC.[11]

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "1200년 [cΛn  ŋi  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 1200        >>        (2333 - 1200)       >>        BC 11th century

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "1700년 [cΛn  cil  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 1700        >>        (2333 - 1700)       >>        BC 6th century

>>     Until the late 17th century, Zoroaster was generally dated to about the 6th century BC, which coincided with both the "Traditional date" (see details below) and historiographic accounts (Ammianus Marcellinus xxiii.6.32, 4th century AD). However, already at the time (late 19th century), the issue was far from settled, with James Darmesteter pleading for a later date (c. 100 BC). Some ancient authors also give a mythological "date" corresponding to about 6000 BC.[e]

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "2200년 [ŋi  cΛn  ŋi  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기 [dan  gi] 2200        >>        (2333 - 2200)       >>        BC 133

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Chinese /Ch speaking posture,     "전 3700년 [sam  cΛn  cil  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기전 [dan  gi  zΛn] 3700        >>        (2333 + 3700)       >>        BC 6033

>>        The "Traditional date" originates in the period immediately following Alexander the Great's conquest of the Achaemenid Empire in 330 BC. The Seleucid kings who gained power following Alexander's death instituted an "Age of Alexander" as the new calendrical epoch. This did not appeal to the Zoroastrian priesthood who then attempted to establish an "Age of Zoroaster." To do so, they needed to establish when Zoroaster had lived, which they accomplished by counting back the length of successive generations[12] until they concluded that Zoroaster must have lived "258 years before Alexander."    This estimate then re-appeared in the 9th- to 12th-century texts of Zoroastrian tradition,[c] which in turn gave the date doctrinal legitimacy. In the early part of the 20th century, this remained the accepted date (subject to the uncertainties of the 'Age of Alexander'[d]) for a number of reputable scholars, among them Hasan Taqizadeh, a recognized authority on the various Iranian calendars, and hence became the date cited by Henning and others.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Korean/Seoul /P/Ch speaking posture,     "알렉산더/Alexander 이전 258년 [ŋi  zΛn  ŋo  bæg  ŋo  sib  pal  nyΛn], 258 years before Alexander" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>      By the late 19th century, scholars such as Bartholomea and Christensen noted problems with the "Traditional date," namely in the linguistic difficulties that it presented.   The Old Avestan language of the Gathas (which are attributed to the prophet himself) is still very close to the Sanskrit of the Rigveda.   Therefore, it seemed implausible that the Gathas and Rigveda could be more than a few centuries apart, suggesting a date for the oldest surviving portions of the Avesta of roughly the 2nd millennium BC.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "300년 [sam  bæg  nyΛn]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

단기전 [dan  gi  zΛn] 300        >>        (2333 + 300)       >>        BC 2033

Place
>>       Yasna 9 & 17 cite the Ditya River in Airyanem Vaējah (Middle Persian Ērān Wēj) as Zoroaster's home and the scene of his first appearance.   The Avesta (both Old and Younger portions) does not mention the Achaemenids or of any West Iranian tribes such as the Medes, Persians, or even Parthians.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Yasna" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Yasna"    from Chinese speaking posture,     "Ditya 강 [gaŋ], River" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Ditya 강 [gaŋ]"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Airyanem Vaējah" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Ditya 강 [gaŋ]"   from Japanese /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Ērān Wēj" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Airyanem Vaējah"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Zoroaster('s) 집 [zib], home" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Ērān Wēj"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "첫-번째-출현 [cΛs  bΛn  zæ  cul  hyΛn], first appearance" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "nation" or "country"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Persia" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Persia"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Achaemenid" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "nation" or "country"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Mede" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "nation" or "country"   from Japanese /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Parthia" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>       However, in Yasna 59.18, the zaraϑuštrotema, or supreme head of the Zoroastrian priesthood, is said to reside in 'Ragha'.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "첫-번째-출현 [cΛs  bΛn  zæ  cul  hyΛn], first appearance"    from Chinese speaking posture,     "Ragha" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>     ~ On the other hand, in post-Islamic sources Shahrastani (1086–1153) an Iranian writer originally from Shahristān, present-day Turkmenistan, proposed that Zoroaster's father was from Atropatene (also in Medea) and his mother was from Rai.     Coming from a reputed scholar of religions, this was a serious blow for the various regions who all claimed that Zoroaster originated from their homelands, some of which then decided that Zoroaster must then have then been buried in their regions or composed his Gathas there or preached there.[15][16] Also Arabic sources of the same period and the same region of historical Persia consider Azerbaijan as the birth place of Zarathustra.[17]

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Shahrastani" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

1086–1153         >>        (+2333)        >>          단기 [dan  gi] 3419 - 3486 년 [nyΛn]

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Shahrastani"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "3419 [sam  cΛn  sa  bæg  sib  gu] 년 [nyΛn], year" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Shahrastani"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P/Ch speaking posture,     "3486 [sam  cΛn  sa  bæg  pal  sib  yug] 년 [nyΛn], year" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Ragha"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Shahristān" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "nation" or "country"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Turkmenistan" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster('s) 아버지 [ŋa  bΛ  zi], father"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Atropatene 출신 [cul  sin], origin" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster('s) 어머니 [ŋΛ  mΛ  ni], mother "   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Rai 출신 [cul  sin], origin" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "nation" or "country"   from Chinese /Ch speaking posture,     "Azerbaijan" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Azerbaijan"   from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Zoroaster 출생지 [cul  sæŋ  zi], birth place" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>      By the late 20th century, some scholars had settled on an origin in Eastern Iran and/or Central Asia (to include present-day Afghanistan):    Gnoli proposed Sistan (though in a much wider scope than the present-day province) as the homeland of Zoroastrianism;   Frye voted for Bactria and Chorasmia;[18]      Khlopin suggests the Tedzen Delta in present-day Turkmenistan.[19]     Sarianidi considered the BMAC region as "the native land of the Zoroastrians and, probably, of Zoroaster himself."[20]    Boyce includes the steppes of the former Soviet republics.[21] The medieval "from Media" hypothesis is no longer taken seriously, and Zaehner has even suggested that this was a Magi-mediated issue to garner legitimacy, but this has been likewise rejected by Gershevitch and others.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "nation" or "country"   from Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Iran" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "nation" or "country"   from Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Afghanistan" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Ragha"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Sistan" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "nation" or "country"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Bactria" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Bactria"   from Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Chorasmia" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster"   from Korea/함경-도 [ham  gyΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "Tedzen" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>   BMAC : Bactria-Margiana

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"    from Chinese speaking posture,     "Margiana" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


Life
>>      The Gathas contain allusions to personal events, such as Zoroaster's triumph over obstacles imposed by competing priests and the ruling class. They also indicate he had difficulty spreading his teachings, and was even treated with ill-will in his mother's hometown. They also describe familial events such as the marriage of his daughter, at which Zoroaster presided. In the texts of the Younger Avesta (composed many centuries after the Gathas), Zoroaster is depicted wrestling with the daevas and is tempted by Angra Mainyu to renounce his faith (Yasht 17.19; Vendidad 19). The Spend Nask, the 13th section of the Avesta, is said to have a description of the prophet's life. [23] However, this text has been lost over the centuries, and it survives only as a summary in the seventh book of the 9th century Dēnkard.    Other 9th- to 12th-century stories of Zoroaster, as in the Shāhnāmeh, are also assumed to be based on earlier texts, but must be considered as primarily a collection of legends. The historical Zoroaster, however, eludes categorization as a legendary character.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "악마 [ŋag  ma], Devil/Satan"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "daeva" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "악마 [ŋag  ma], Devil/Satan"   from Chinese /Ch speaking posture,     "Angra Mainyu" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Yasht" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Vendidad" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Spend Nask" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Dēnkard" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Shāhnāmeh" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>       Zoroaster was born into the priestly family of the Spitamids and his ancestor Spitāma is mentioned several times in the Gathas.    His father's name was Pourušaspa, his mother's was Dughdova (Duγδōuuā).    With his wife, Huvovi (Hvōvi),    Zoroaster had three sons, Isat Vastar, Uruvat-Nara and Hvare Ciϑra  three daughters, Freni, Pourucista and Triti. His wife, children and a cousin named Maidhyoimangha, were his first converts after his illumination from Ahura Mazda at age 30.    According to Yasnas 5 & 105, Zoroaster prayed to Anahita for the conversion of King Vištaspa,[24] who appears in the Gathas as a historical personage.   In legends, Vištaspa is said to have had two brothers as courtiers, Frašaōštra and Jamaspa, and to whom Zoroaster was closely related: his wife, Hvōvi, was the daughter of Frashaōštra, while Jamaspa was the husband of his daughter Pourucista.   The actual role of intermediary was played by the pious queen Hutaōsa.    Apart from this connection, the new prophet relied especially upon his own kindred (hvaētuš).

While taking Korea/충청-도 [cuŋ  cΛŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Zoroaster"   from Chinese /Ch speaking posture,     "Spitāma" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/강원-도 [gaŋ  wΛn  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Spitāma"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Pourušaspa" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Pourušaspa"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Zoroaster('s) 아버지 [ŋa  bΛ  zi], father" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/강원-도 [gaŋ  wΛn  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Spitāma"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Dughdova" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/강원-도 [gaŋ  wΛn  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Spitāma"   from Chinese /Ch speaking posture,     "Duγδōuuā" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Dughdova"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Zoroaster('s) 어머니 [ŋΛ  mΛ  ni], mother" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Dughdova"    from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Huvovi" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Dughdova"    from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Hvōvi" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Huvovi"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Zoroaster('s) 부인 [bu  ŋin], wife" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Huvovi"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Isat" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경상-도 [gyΛŋ  saŋ  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Huvovi"   from Chinese /Ch speaking posture,     "Uruvat-Nara" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Huvovi"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Hvare CiΛra" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Isat or Uruvat-Nara or Hvare CiΛra"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Zoroaster('s) 아들 [ŋa  d=l], son" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Hvōvi"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Freni" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Hvōvi"   from Chinese /Ch speaking posture,     "Pourucista" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/전라-도 [zΛn  la  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Hvōvi"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Triti" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Freni or Pourucista or Triti"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Zoroaster('s) 딸 [dal], daughter" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Hvōvi"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Maidhyoimangha" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Maidhyoimangha"   from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Zoroaster('s) 사촌 [sa  con], cousin" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /P speaking posture,     "Ahura Mazda" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Ahura Mazda"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "30세 [sam  sib  se], age 30" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "30세 [sam  sib  se]"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "계시 [gye  si], illumination" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Huvovi, Isat or Uruvat-Nara or Hvare CiΛra, Freni or Pourucista or Triti or Maidhyoimangha"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "최초-개종자 [cwe  co  gæ  zoŋ  za], first convert" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "Anahita" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Anahita"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Vištaspa" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Vištaspa"   from Japanese /S speaking posture,     "왕의-개종 [waŋ  ŋ=  y=  gæ  zoŋ],conversion of King" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "왕의-개종 [waŋ  ŋ=  y=  gæ  zoŋ]"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Frašaōštra" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "왕의-개종 [waŋ  ŋ=  y=  gæ  zoŋ]"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "Jamaspa" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Frašaōštra or Jamaspa"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Vištaspa의-형제 [ŋ=  y=  hyΛŋ  ze], 's brother" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Frašaōštra or Jamaspa"   from Chinese /Ch speaking posture,     "신하 [sin  ha], courtier" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Huvovi"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Frašaōštra의-딸 [ŋ=  y=  dal], 's daughter" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Jamaspa"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Pourucista의 남편 [ŋ=  y=  nam  pyΛn], 's husband" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Vištaspa"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Hutaōsa" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Chinese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Vištaspa"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "왕비 [waŋ  bi], queen" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>      Zoroaster's death is not mentioned in the Avesta.    In Shahnameh 5.92,[25] he is said to have been murdered at the altar by the Turanians in the storming of Balkh.

While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "Zoroaster"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Shahnameh" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korean/Seoul speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "nation" or "country"   from Japanese /P speaking posture,     "Turan" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)   "Turan"   from Japanese /P/Ch speaking posture,     "Balkh" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.


Philosophy
>>      In the Gathas, Zoroaster sees the human condition as the mental struggle between aša (truth) and druj (lie).    The cardinal concept of aša—which is highly nuanced and only vaguely translatable—is at the foundation of all Zoroastrian doctrine, including that of Ahura Mazda (who is aša), creation (that is aša), existence (that is aša) and as the condition for Free Will, which is arguably Zoroaster's greatest contribution to religious philosophy.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "진실 [zin  sil], truthfulness"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "aša" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking Japanese speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "거짓 [gΛ  zis], untruth"    from Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "druj" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

>>      The purpose of humankind, like that of all other creation, is to sustain aša.    For humankind, this occurs through active participation in life and the exercise of constructive thoughts, words and deeds.

Elements of Zoroastrian philosophy entered the West through their influence on Judaism and Middle Platonism and have been identified as one of the key early events in the development of philosophy.[26]    Among the classic Greek philosophers, Heraclitus is often referred to as inspired by Zoroaster's thinking.    Contemporary Zoroastrians often point to the similarities between Zoroaster's philosophy and the ideas of Baruch Spinoza.[citation needed] He was very influential.
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Heraclitus ,  
>>     Heraclitus:         c. 535 (five hundred thirty five) – c. 475 BCE

"BC 535"                            (H/P/Ch + eraclitus/S/Ch                           Heraclitus
"BC 475"                            (H/S/Ch + eraclitus/P/Ch                           Heraclitus

Heraclitus                          (Z/P/Ch + arathustra/S/Ch                          Zarathustra


In Manichaeism
>>      Manichaeism considered Zoroaster to be a figure (along with Jesus and the Buddha) in a line of prophets of which Mani (216–276) was the culmination.[46] Zoroaster's ethical dualism is—to an extent—incorporated in Mani's doctrine, which viewed the world as being locked in an epic battle between opposing forces of good and evil.[47] Manicheanism also incorporated other elements of Zoroastrian tradition, particularly the names of supernatural beings; however, many of these other Zoroastrian elements are either not part of Zoroaster's own teachings or are used quite differently from how they are used in Zoroastrianism.[47][48]

*         While taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "공자 [goŋ  za], 孔子/Confucius"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "Man-i" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

216–276             :               단기 [dan  gi] 2549 - 2609

공자 [goŋ  za] 孔子/Confucius
28 September 551 BC    ---     단기 [dan  gi] 1782
479 BC (aged 71–72)     ---     단기 [dan  gi] 1854

That is,      while taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "1782 [cΛn  cil  bæg  pal  sib  ŋi]"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "2549 [ŋi  cΛn  ŋo  bæg  sa  sib  gu]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And,      while taking Korea/경기-도 [gyΛŋ  gi  do/province]/개성-시 [gæ  sΛŋ  si/city] (dialect) speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "1854 [cΛn  pal  bæg  ŋo  sib  sa]"   from Chinese speaking posture,     "2609 [ŋi  cΛn  yug  bæg  gu]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

*                    Mani >> Manichaeism /T


In the Bahá'í Faith
>>      Zoroaster appears in the Bahá'í Faith as a "Manifestation of God", one of a line of prophets who have progressively revealed the Word of God to a gradually maturing humanity. Zoroaster thus shares an exalted station with Abraham, Moses, Gautama Buddha, Krishna, Jesus, Muhammad, the Báb, and the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh.[49] Shoghi Effendi, the Guardian of the Bahá'í Faith, saw Bahá'u'lláh as the fulfillment of a post-Sassanid Zoroastrian prophecy that saw a return of Sassanid emperor Bahram:[50] Shoghi Effendi also stated that Zoroaster lived roughly 2500 years before Jesus.[z]
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Bah%c3%a1'u'll%c3%a1h ,  
Bahá'u'lláh (ba-haa-ol-laa, Arabic: بهاء الله‎ "Glory of God") (12 November 1817 – 29 May 1892), born Mírzá Ḥusayn-`Alí Núrí (Persian: میرزا حسینعلی نوری), was the founder of the Bahá'í Faith. He claimed to be the prophetic fulfilment of Bábism, a 19th-century outgrowth of Shí‘ism, but in a broader sense claimed to be a messenger from God referring to the fulfilment of the eschatological expectations of Islam, Christianity, and other major religions.[1]

*         While taking English /T speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "공자 [goŋ  za], 孔子/Confucius"   from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "Bahá'u'lláh" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

12 November 1817 – 29 May 1892      :       단기 [dan  gi] 4150 - 4225

공자 [goŋ  za] 孔子/Confucius
28 September 551 BC    ---     단기 [dan  gi] 1782
479 BC (aged 71–72)     ---     단기 [dan  gi] 1854

That is,      while taking English /T speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "1782 [cΛn  cil  bæg  pal  sib  ŋi]"   from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "4150 [sa  cΛn  bæg  ŋo  sib]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

And,      while taking English /T speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "1854 [cΛn  pal  bæg  ŋo  sib  sa]"   from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "4225 [sa  cΛn  ŋi  bæg  ŋi  sib  ŋo]" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking English /T speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "9월 [gu  wΛl], September"   from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "11월 [sib  ŋil  wΛl], November" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking English /T speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "28일 [ŋi  sib  pal  ŋil], 28th"   from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S speaking posture,     "12일 [sib  ŋi  ŋil], 12th" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking English /T speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "9월 [gu  wΛl], September"   from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "5월 [ŋo  wΛl], May" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

While taking English /T speaking posture (as coarticulation posture);   if articulating (or trying to speak)    "28일 [ŋi  sib  pal  ŋil], 28th"   from Korea/평안-도 [pyΛŋ  ŋan  do/province] (dialect) /S/Ch speaking posture,     "29일 [ŋi  sib  gu  ŋil], 29th" is metaphthong/MPh pronounced.

게시물을 이메일로 보내기 프린트출력을 위한 화면보기
DATE: 2011.04.29 - 14:49

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 이전글                         phonetic analysis on     Buddha  &  Buddhism
 다음글            增壹阿含經/증일아함경   일부   음성학적(phonetic)   직역
글남기기삭제하기수정하기답변달기전체 목록 보기

142Simple view***   NOTICE (공지) :   member registration (sign in) for LOGIN,        (LOGIN을 위한 회원 가입) Y... 2013.01.04
141Simple view                                      昌嬪墓致祭文의 음성학적 번역 Y... 2012.09.05
140Simple view         <신증동국여지승람>의 팔도총도가 잘못 그려졌는가??                    (독도/울릉도) Y... 2012.08.22
139Simple view☞                   태정관 지령문,               日本海内竹島外一島ヲ版図外ト定ム Y... 2012.09.28
138Simple view          common/same  (phonetic) structure  in  Korean,  Chinese,  Japanese  &  English  alphabets/characters Y... 2012.08.20
137Simple view'李'는 왜 'LEE'?         '반론자(김복순)한테 회신합니다'           (외)삼촌,          국립국어(연구)원,        표준 언어 예절 Y... 2012.07.20
136Simple view                                        送山人惠球還山 ------- 음성학적 번역 Y... 2012.05.18
135Simple view上舅氏金獻納 鋿 (상구씨금헌납상),    수강궁 상량문(壽康宮上樑文),    황매천(黃梅泉),    牧隱詩藁卷之一(목은시고권지일) Y... 2012.05.11
134Simple view                                                   각 정당 비례대표 지역별 분포 Y... 2012.04.20
133Simple view        이름 분석에 의한 차관 내정자 20명 정무직 18명 등의 지역별 분포 분석 Y... 2013.03.21
132Simple viewSenkaku せんか Islands, 釣魚台群島,       Hokkaido/Ainu, Sakhalin/Сахалин,       Liancourt Rocks 독도,  Tsushima Y... 2012.03.06
131Simple view東海/日本海/한국해,   Scarborough Shoal,   Parece Vela, 冲鸟礁/Okinotorishima,   **Luzon Sea, South China Sea Y... 2012.05.11
130Simple viewJapan/China/Vietnam/Thai/Cambodia/Laos/Burma/Malaysia/Indonesia/Brunei/Singapore/Philippines/Taiwan/Okinawa Y... 2012.07.12
129Simple view☞                                                Korea,  한국 [han gug], 韓國 or 瀚國 ?? Y... 2012.07.17
128Simple viewSocotra Rock 이어도,      Falklands,       Paracel Islands,       Spratly Islands,     Yonaguni 與那國,     Hans Island Y... 2012.04.20
127Simple view‘여울지다’         오전, 오후 등,         반대와 대조의 차이점?          햇볕의 잘못?          "가능한 빨리" Y... 2012.02.18
126Simple view                                          出必告 反必面 Y... 2012.02.13
125Simple view                    Mr.   Mrs.   씨,   さん,   氏              English/Korean/Japanese/Chinese  honorifics Y... 2011.12.28
124Simple viewAeschylus/Aesop/Euripides/Hesiod,   Homer/Lucian/Menander/Pindar,  Polybius/Sappho/Sophocles, Alcibiades Y... 2011.05.11
123Simple viewThales/Anaximander/Anaximenes/Pythagoras,  Anaxagoras/Empedocles,  Antisthenes/Diogenes/Crates/Zeno Y... 2011.05.07
122Simple viewSocrates/Thucydides/Plutarch/Herodotus/Xenophon/Aristophanes/Plato/Aristotle/Parmenides/Democritus, etc. Y... 2011.05.04
121Simple view                        phonetic analysis on     Buddha  &  Buddhism Y... 2011.05.04
120현재 읽고 있는 글입니다.Phonetic analysis on   Hinduism/Veda/Sanskrit/Prakrit/Zoroaster, Manichaeism/Mani,  Bahá'í Faith, Bahá'u'lláh Y... 2011.04.29
119Simple view           增壹阿含經/증일아함경   일부   음성학적(phonetic)   직역 Y... 2011.04.23
118Simple view공자/맹자/사마천/손자/주자/사마광;              *Confucius, Mencius, Sima Qian, Sun Tzu, Zhu Xi, Sima Guang Y... 2011.03.22
117Simple view☞ 'Sānguó Zhì'   삼국지/삼국연의/수호전/금병매/홍루몽/서유기,    三國志/三國演義/水滸傳/金瓶梅/红楼梦/西游记 Y... 2011.03.25
116Simple view☞ 老子/Laozi, 莊子/Zhuangzi, 荀子 Xun Zi, 韓非子 Han Fei Zi, 墨子/Micius, 王陽明, 曾子/Zengzi, 列子/Liezi, 陸九淵 Y... 2011.03.29
115Simple view☞ 千字文 (Thousand Character Classic)    &   'Four Books and Five Classics: 禮記/大學/書經/詩經/易經/中庸/春秋' Y... 2011.04.07
114Simple view☞ 李太白 -- 山海經/菜根譚/列女傳/春秋繁露/淮南子/文心雕龍/歸去來辭/桃花源記/閒情賦/採蓮賦/前後出師表/鹽鐵論, etc. Y... 2011.04.12
113Simple view                   서기/단기         &         BC/AD Y... 2011.03.21
112Simple view                                      애국가와 무궁화, 태극기 Y... 2011.02.10
111Simple view☞      사쿠라/벚꽃"이 일본을 상징하게 된 사연.                        버드나무/버들 Y... 2011.03.05
110Simple view"수고하셨습니다." "수고 하세요." 등 Y... 2011.01.18
109Simple view<세>와 <대> ?? Y... 2010.12.11
108Simple view            발음장단(??)                      국격?? Y... 2010.11.14
107Simple view생선가쓰,                돈가스 Y... 2010.10.26
106Simple view약천집   제28권   記   북관십경도기병서   龍堂 Y... 2010.09.28
105Simple view삐라/leaflet/bill Y... 2010.09.06
104Simple view"이덕형(亨/馨)"         or        "이덕향(享/響/饗/黁)"    ?? Y... 2010.08.25
103Simple view☞한음문고/송도기이/대동야승 Y... 2010.08.26
102Simple view안-정복(安鼎福) ----------- 중국계 (귀화) 한국인?? Y... 2010.07.29
101Simple view"堯山夜會 요산야회" -----------음성학적 직역 Y... 2010.07.04
100Simple view동방예의지국 & 삼천리금수강산;                        "기소독점주의" & "검사동일체"  Y... 2010.06.25
99Simple view란중일기/이충무공전서 --------------------------------- 노승석 교수 Y... 2010.04.29
98Simple view☞                            "난중잡록 (亂中雜錄)"은 가짜 Y... 2012.07.09
97Simple view오익창/사호집 Y... 2014.08.11
96Simple view<박인환>의 "목마와 숙녀" - - - - - - - - - - "일기 예보"?? Y... 2010.04.27
95Simple view바다와 나비 -------------------- 김기림, "여성" (1939.4) Y... 2010.04.24
94Simple view☞                 바이올린 켜는 여자 / 도종환,               흔들리며 피는 꽃 Y... 2012.07.09
93Simple view☞                도종환 의원 등의 진짜 문제점은 무엇인가? Y... 2012.07.11
92Simple view三國史記/三國遺事/日本書紀/続日本紀/古事記/海東高僧傳 등은 모두 (역사서가 아닌) 史記의 음성학적 번역 Y... 2010.03.31
91Simple view광개토대왕 비문 전문의 음성학적 직역 Y... 2010.03.27
90Simple view고봉집(高峯集):...... 한국고전 종합 DB는 모두가 엉터리/가짜 번역??        &      독곡 Y... 2010.03.15
89Simple view고전, 탄옹집의 입춘 번역 Y... 2010.02.28
88Simple view이충무공전서(李忠武公全書) Y... 2010.02.22
87Simple view"기럭아"와 "아가"                                                 한글학회 Y... 2010.01.22
86Simple view'안 좋다'/'좋지 않다'           어버이,         야단법석,         L'Immoraliste,     빈대떡 Y... 2009.12.01
85Simple view☞                                                      빈대떡 Y... 2014.02.07
84Simple view禮曹判書 鄭麟趾 製 英陵誌;                           례조판서 정린지 제 영릉지 Y... 2009.11.04
83Simple view☞ 정인지 예조판서가 임금이 말하는 것을 받아 썼다. Y... 2010.01.13
82Simple view석가모니,              "그는 자신의 앞날이 걱정되었다"            매일/맨날/만날 Y... 2009.10.15
81Simple view특히나, 조생귤, 분재, 두음법칙, 틀림없다, '일본의 날씨는 한국과 비슷하다  '경인란과 6,25 전쟁' 빵, 우리나라/저희나라 Y... 2009.10.15
80Simple view세종임금 어제 서문의 음성학적 직역 Y... 2009.07.29
79Simple view☞ 서울/강원/충청/전라/경상/제주/북한(함경)/평안/경기/황해 지역의       발성 자세      정리  Y... 2009.08.02
78Simple view☞ 수정/2:            "이야기 할 때  /  중국 어법을 사용하다가"             "훈민정음/한글"     등 Y... 2011.01.22
77Simple view터키탕                              "Turkey (hot) bath" Y... 2009.07.14
76Simple view사이시옷 현상의 발생 원인,              윤미라 Y... 2009.07.10
75Simple view굴찾기/굴착기/굴삭기;     백호/배코 Y... 2009.06.29
74Simple viewspelling bee,               품앗이,      두레 Y... 2009.06.26
73Simple view"으로서"와 "으로써"는 모두 사투리/방언 Y... 2009.06.18
72Simple view아리랑 [(ŋ)a  ri  raŋ] Y... 2009.06.15
71Simple view"뒤쪽"과 "뒷간"                                            한글학회 Y... 2009.06.14
70Simple view"꿀꿀이"와 "얼루기"                                   한글학회 Y... 2009.06.14
69Simple view'경로당'과 '노인'                                  한글학회 Y... 2009.06.14
68Simple view"어떻냐"와 "어떠냐"                           한글학회 Y... 2009.06.10
67Simple view"말아"와 "마라"와 "말라"                                          한글학회 Y... 2009.06.08
66Simple view'-지마는'과 '-지만'과 '-만은',                              한글학회 Y... 2009.06.05
65Simple view"보자고 해"와 "보재",                           한글학회 Y... 2009.06.04
64Simple view엉터리말 "형님"??      이동철 Y... 2009.06.03
63Simple view'~라는 표현을 쓴다.'는 말이 맞는지 알고 싶습니다.  Y... 2009.03.11
62Simple view형부,  자형,  질부,  자부,  제부,  매형,  매부 Y... 2009.03.06
61Simple view☞ 김봉규 Y... 2009.03.11
60Simple view나/당신,                   남자/여자,               사내/여편네 Y... 2009.02.11
59Simple viewelementary-school;      Volksschule/Grundschule,     국민학교/초등학교 Y... 2009.02.09
58Simple view뭉치/엉터리-없는/엄는 Y... 2009.01.28
57Simple view"감칠-맛":  "짭짤한 맛" Y... 2008.12.07
56Simple view☞ 旨味      (うまみ : 주로 L-Glutamic acid의 맛)?? Y... 2008.12.18
55Simple view문무 왕 비문 Y... 2008.12.06
54Simple viewConditions on the Formation of –Er Nominals in English Y... 2008.11.06
53Simple view아줌마는 표준어인가요? Y... 2008.10.29
52Simple view☞ 김봉규 Y... 2008.10.29
51Simple view빠르다와 이르다 Y... 2008.10.29
50Simple view점심/중식/ちゅうじき(쮸지끼)/lunch;              김봉규 Y... 2008.10.25
49Simple view☞ ★ <김용완> 선생에게 두 가지를 질문: 답변 Y... 2008.10.25
48Simple view☞ < 김봉규:   재 질문>에 대한 답변 Y... 2008.10.25
47Simple view☞ <삼차 질문> 및 답변 Y... 2008.10.25
46Simple view☞ 환인조선, 환웅, 신시, 나라, 단군, 단군조선, 대진 Y... 2008.10.27
45Simple view사전에 실을 말(26)-연치, 찌르기, 북찌르기 Y... 2008.10.21
44Simple view파마의 북한말은 우엇인가요? Y... 2008.10.21
43Simple view☞                          고데기가 표준어 ?? Y... 2012.08.30
42Simple view피살/배삯 Y... 2008.10.21
41Simple view왜 'ㄱ'은 기역 이라고 읽나요? Y... 2008.10.21
40Simple view애시당초 등 Y... 2008.10.21
39Simple view염치불고, 웃바람, 치켜세우다;       웃바람, 윗바람;     우풍. 외풍(外風) Y... 2008.10.17
38Simple view산 위에서?         사뉘에서?  Y... 2008.10.17
37Simple view뱃심?     배힘?             (배짱/흑심)  Y... 2008.10.17
36Simple view아니오,   아니요,   아냐/아뇨 Y... 2008.10.13
35Simple view설거지 (어원). Y... 2008.10.10
34Simple view"내뛰다"와     "내받다" Y... 2008.10.10
33Simple view'다시' 와 '또'의 비교 Y... 2008.10.10
32Simple view설렁탕/목욕탕/해장국 Y... 2008.10.08
31Simple view뼈다귀 감자탕  Y... 2008.10.08
30Simple view느티나무: 느타리 + 나무  Y... 2008.10.07
29Simple view고양이/나비.        원숭이/잔나비  Y... 2008.10.07
28Simple view'닥쳐'  Y... 2008.10.07
27Simple view할아버지와 할머니 낱말 형성!  Y... 2008.10.07
26Simple view샘통/쥬다/또라이 Y... 2008.10.07
25Simple view곪다/곪기다, 곰기다 Y... 2008.10.02
24Simple view자장면의 의미/뜻과 어원은?       중국면,            덴뿌라 Y... 2008.10.02
23Simple view☞                 수타면의 뜻은? Y... 2011.01.15
22Simple view곰팡이/지팡이/놈팡이 Y... 2008.10.02
21Simple view경상도/전라도/제주도 말/사투리;                  한국 지음에 [y/w]를 포함할 필요, Y... 2008.09.30
20Simple view'허릿심'은 표준말이고,        '성님'은 전라도 사투리 Y... 2008.09.24
19Simple view경상도 사투리가 한글을 엉망으로 만든다. Y... 2008.09.20
18Simple view뭉치;        엉터리-없는/엄는  Y... 2008.09.17
17Simple view볶음밥...비빔밥 Y... 2008.09.10
16Simple view무슨 수를 쓰든지, 무슨 수를 쓰던지 Y... 2008.09.10
15Simple view파랗다는 있는데 보랗다는 틀린말인가요? Y... 2008.09.10
14Simple view복숭아 뼈? 복사뼈? Y... 2008.09.10
13Simple view진지/수라 등 Y... 2008.08.29
12Simple view선술집 Y... 2008.08.28
11Simple view☞ 답변 Y... 2008.08.29
10Simple view달걀/계란? Y... 2008.08.28
9Simple view'업다'와 '없다' Y... 2008.08.26
8Simple view드세요/ 드셔요 Y... 2008.08.26
7Simple view장마삐라고 표현하면 안됩니까? Y... 2008.08.26
6Simple view보부상과 부보상 Y... 2008.08.26
5Simple view'색시'라는 단어는 왜 장음인가요?  Y... 2008.08.26
4Simple view"배달 (민족/나라)"의 뜻/어원은? Y... 2008.08.26
3Simple view☞ Tibet/단국[dan-gug]/배달[bæ-dal]/닙본(Nippon)[nib=bon]    &   Persia/Gandhara/한국[han-gug] Y... 2008.09.11
2Simple view독도/울릉도/마쓰시마(まつしま)/다케시마 Y... 2008.08.26
1Simple view머리말 Y... 2007.02.23
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